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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535136/eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-a-kitten
#1
Julie Pera, Douglas Palma, Taryn A Donovan
A 4 mo old intact male kitten was presented for chronic regurgitation and failure to thrive after weaning to dry food. Esophageal dilatation and severe diffuse proliferative lesions of the esophageal mucosa were found via radiography and esophagoscopy, respectively. Histopathologic examination revealed severe, chronic, diffuse, hyperplastic eosinophilic and mastocytic esophagitis. Eosinophilic infiltrates were prominent, with a mean of 29.8 eosinophils per high power field, supportive of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491450/contribution-of-oral-triamcinolone-to-treating-proliferative-and-necrotising-otitis-externa-in-a-14-year-old-persian-cat
#2
Yutaka Momota, Junya Yasuda, Nobuaki Arai, Masami Yamamoto, Hisashi Yoshimura, Mitsutaka Ikezawa, Shuji Suzuki, Kimimasa Takahashi, Toshinori Sako
CASE SUMMARY: A 14-year-old female spayed cat was referred for recurrent otitis externa and unusual proliferative lesions in both ear canals. The affected pinnae and external ear canals were covered with large reddish-to-dark-brown verrucous and necrotic tissue. Friable material and exudates occluded both ear canals. Proliferative lesions developed in both ears 2-3 weeks before referral. The histopathological diagnosis from two biopsies obtained from the friable materials with endoscopic biopsy forceps was proliferative and necrotising otitis externa (PNOE)...
January 2017: JFMS Open Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491444/cerebral-pyogranulomatous-encephalitis-caused-by-cladophialophora-bantiana-in-a-15-week-old-domestic-shorthair-kitten
#3
Elise B Russell, Marcus N Gunew, Michelle M Dennis, Catriona L Halliday
CASE SUMMARY: A case of cerebral phaeohyphomycosis caused by Cladophialophora bantiana is described in a 15-week-old domestic shorthair kitten. RELEVANCE AND NOVEL INFORMATION: Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis is a rare condition in cats caused by dematiaceous fungi. This report describes the clinical and histopathological findings in the youngest case documented in a feline, provides a brief review of aetiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of cerebral phaeohyphomycosis and demonstrates the importance of molecular diagnostics in accurate mycotic species identification...
July 2016: JFMS Open Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491442/respiratory-distress-associated-with-lungworm-infection-in-a-kitten
#4
Melissa M Hawley, Lynelle R Johnson, Donato Traversa, Dan Bucy, Karen M Vernau, William Vernau
CASE SUMMARY: A 5-month-old feral kitten developed worsening respiratory signs, including tachypnea, coughing and wheezing after standard anthelmintic treatment with fenbendazole at a local shelter. The kitten was referred to the University of California, Davis, William R Pritchard Veterinary Medicine Teaching Hospital for further evaluation. Thoracic radiographs revealed a severe diffuse bronchointerstitial pattern with bronchial cuffing, ill-defined nodules and lymphadenomegaly. Differentials included infectious etiologies such as toxoplasmosis, feline infectious peritonitis and cryptococcosis...
July 2016: JFMS Open Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426412/fatal-aelurostrongylosis-in-a-kitten-in-serbia
#5
Pavle Gavrilović, Milijan Jovanović, Aleksandra Gavrilović, Slađan Nešić
This paper describes a case of aelurostrongylosis in a four-month old female domestic cat (Felis catus) from South Banat, Serbia. The kitten that had died suddenly without signs of illness was autopsied in the Veterinary Specialised Institute "Pančevo". The macroscopic finding was typical of granulomatous pneumonia and subsequently, histopathology revealed verminous pneumonia. Based on the parasite morphology, it was confirmed that the lung lesions were caused by Aelurostrongylus abstrusus. The present finding contributes to the knowledge of the prevalence of this underestimated parasite in the Balkan Peninsula...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425314/effect-of-transmucosal-corn-syrup-application-on-postoperative-blood-glucose-concentrations-in-kittens
#6
Heather N Cornell, Stephanie L Shaver, Danielle N Semick, Nancy C Bradley, Rachael E Kreisler
Objectives The aim of the study was to determine the effect of a common clinical practice, the transmucosal (TM) application of corn syrup, on postoperative blood glucose concentrations in kittens. Methods This study was designed as a randomized controlled trial. Seventy-five kittens between the age of 8 and 16 weeks scheduled for surgical sterilization by gonadectomy at an animal shelter were enrolled. Kittens were randomly assigned to either a routine treatment group that received the shelter's typical postoperative application of corn syrup immediately following gonadectomy or to a control group that did not receive typical treatment...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412947/report-of-the-first-clinical-case-of-intestinal-trichomoniasis-caused-by-tritrichomonas-foetus-in-a-cat-with-chronic-diarrhoea-in-brazil
#7
Aline S Hora, Samantha I Miyashiro, Fabiana C Cassiano, Paulo E Brandão, Archivaldo Reche-Junior, Hilda F J Pena
BACKGROUND: Tritrichomonas foetus is an emergent and important enteric pathogen of cats, which causes prolonged diarrhoea in cats. CASE PRESENTATION: This study describes a T. foetus infection in a seven-month-old, entire male domestic shorthair kitten with a six-month history of persistent large intestinal diarrhoea, faecal incontinence, prostration, apathy and weight loss. Parasites were microscopically observed and confirmed by PCR and DNA sequencing. Molecular analyses were carried out comparing the sequence obtained in this study with T...
April 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399114/lung-hypoplasia-in-newborn-rabbits-with-a-diaphragmatic-hernia-affects-pulmonary-ventilation-but-not-perfusion
#8
Andreas W Flemmer, Marta Thio, Megan J Wallace, Katie Lee, K Marcus J Kitchen, Lauren Kerr, Charles C Roehr, Andreas Fouras, Richard Carnibella, Jaccques J Jani, Philip DeKoninck, Arjan B tePas, James T Pearson, Stuart B Hooper
BACKGROUND: A congenital diaphragmatic hernia can result in severe lung hypoplasia that increases the risk of morbidity and mortality after birth, but little is known about the cardiorespiratory transition at birth. METHODS: Using phase contrast X-ray imaging and angiography, we examined the cardiorespiratory transition at birth in rabbit kittens with diaphragmatic hernias (DH). Surgery was performed on pregnant New Zealand white rabbits (n=18) at 25 days gestation to induce a left-sided DH...
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378987/stray-dogs-and-cats-as-potential-sources-of-soil-contamination-with-zoonotic-parasites
#9
Katarzyna Szwabe, Joanna Blaszkowska
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The main source of many zoonoses is soil contaminated with feline and canine faeces. Thus, the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of intestinal parasites in stray dogs and cats adopted in Lodz shelter (Poland). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 163 faecal samples were collected from 95 dogs and 68 cats from 2011 to 2012. The samples were processed by sedimentation techniques using Mini Parasep®SF. RESULTS: Six parasite genera belonging to protozoa, cestoda, and nematoda, were found in dogs, while eight were found in cats...
March 22, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370059/congenital-lobar-emphysema-in-a-kitten
#10
M Blonk, I Van de Maele, A Combes, B Stablay, H De Cock, I Polis, G Rybachuk, H de Rooster
A five-month-old ragdoll cat presented with severe respiratory signs, unresponsive to medical therapy. Hyperinflation of the right middle lung lobe was diagnosed with radiography and computed tomography. Lung lobectomy following a median sternotomy led to full recovery. Histopathological analysis revealed lobar emphysema and, based on the animal's age, congenital lobar emphysema was considered the most likely diagnosis.
March 28, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323347/highly-stable-individual-differences-in-the-emission-of-separation-calls-during-early-development-in-the-domestic-cat
#11
Robyn Hudson, Jimena Chacha, Oxána Bánszegi, Péter Szenczi, Heiko G Rödel
Study of the development of individuality is often hampered by rapidly changing behavioral repertoires and the need for minimally intrusive tests. We individually tested 33 kittens from eight litters of the domestic cat in an arena for 3 min once a week for the first 3 postnatal weeks, recording the number of separation calls and the duration of locomotor activity. Kittens showed consistent and stable individual differences on both measures across and within trials. Stable individual differences in the emission of separation calls across trials emerged already within the first 10 s of testing, and in locomotor activity within the first 30 s...
April 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298891/white-matter-deterioration-may-foreshadow-impairment-of-emotional-valence-determination-in-early-stage-dementia-of-the-alzheimer-type
#12
Ravi Rajmohan, Ronald C Anderson, Dan Fang, Austin G Meyer, Pavis Laengvejkal, Parunyou Julayanont, Greg Hannabas, Kitten Linton, John Culberson, Hafiz M R Khan, John De Toledo, P Hemachandra Reddy, Michael O'Boyle
In Alzheimer Disease (AD), non-verbal skills often remain intact for far longer than verbally mediated processes. Four (1 female, 3 males) participants with early-stage Clinically Diagnosed Dementia of the Alzheimer Type (CDDAT) and eight neurotypicals (NTs; 4 females, 4 males) completed the emotional valence determination test (EVDT) while undergoing BOLD functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We expected CDDAT participants to perform just as well as NTs on the EVDT, and to display increased activity within the bilateral amygdala and right anterior cingulate cortex (r-ACC)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247820/overcoming-stereotypes-nursing-in-2017
#13
(no author information available yet)
Sex kitten or battleaxe, doctor's handmaiden or angel. Nurses have faced various stereotypes over the years, especially in the mainstream media, and have endured a lack of professional respect as a result.
March 1, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246422/severe-unilateral-buphthalmos-in-a-4-month-old-kitten
#14
Gillian Finnie
A 4-month-old kitten was presented with unilateral buphthalmos. The eye was blind with no menace response, but intraocular pressure was normal. A trans-palpebral enucleation was performed on the affected eye and the globe was submitted for histology. There was a suppurative, lympho-plasmacytic panophthalmitis with inflammatory exudate in the iridocorneal angle.
March 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245059/treatment-of-inflammatory-rectal-strictures-by-digital-bougienage-a-retrospective-study-of-nine-cases
#15
A Lamoureux, C Maurey, V Freiche
OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory rectal strictures in dogs and cats have been rarely reported. The aim of this study was to describe nine cases and their treatment by digital bougienage. METHODS: Medical records of dogs and cats referred for constipation, dyschezia or tenesmus and diagnosed with an inflammatory rectal stricture were obtained from the database of two referral centres between 2007 and 2014 and reviewed. RESULTS: Four dogs and five cats met the inclusion criteria...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181320/are-foetal-ultrasonographic-and-maternal-blood-progesterone-measurements-near-parturition-reliable-predictors-of-the-time-of-birth-in-the-domestic-cat
#16
R Keiser, I M Reichler, O Balogh
In cats, accuracy of parturition day prediction by ultrasonographic measurement of foetal structures is decreasing towards the end of gestation. Foetal measurements during the last days of pregnancy are scarce. We determined foetal biparietal, abdominal and eye diameter (BPD, AD and ED, respectively) by ultrasonography as well as maternal blood progesterone (P4) within five days of delivery to predict parturition date and calculate accuracy of prediction. Foetal BPD at birth was compared with newborn kitten head diameter (HD)...
June 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150014/dynamics-of-co-infection-with-bartonella-henselae-genotypes-i-and-ii-in-naturally-infected-cats-implications-for-feline-vaccine-development
#17
Camille Huwyler, Nadja Heiniger, Bruno B Chomel, Minsoo Kim, Rickie W Kasten, Jane E Koehler
Bartonella henselae is an emerging bacterial pathogen causing cat-scratch disease and potentially fatal bacillary angiomatosis in humans. Bacteremic cats constitute a large reservoir for human infection. Although feline vaccination is a potential strategy to prevent human infection, selection of appropriate B. henselae strains is critical for successful vaccine development. Two distinct genotypes of B. henselae (type I, type II) have been identified and are known to co-infect the feline host, but very little is known about the interaction of these two genotypes during co-infection in vivo...
February 2, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135403/rapid-cell-based-assay-for-detection-and-quantification-of-active-staphylococcal-enterotoxin-type-d
#18
Reuven Rasooly, Paula M Do, Bradley J Hernlem
Food poisoning by Staphylococcus aureus is a result of ingestion of Staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) produced by this bacterium and is a major source of foodborne illness. Staphylococcal enterotoxin D (SED) is one of the predominant enterotoxins recovered in Staphylococcal food poisoning incidences, including a recent outbreak in Guam affecting 300 children. Current immunology methods for SED detection cannot distinguish between the biologically active form of the toxin, which poses a threat, from the inactive form, which poses no threat...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115180/occurrence-and-clinical-significance-of-aelurostrongylus-abstrusus-and-other-endoparasites-in-danish-cats
#19
Alice P Hansen, Line K Skarbye, Lene M Vinther, Jakob L Willesen, Christian B Pipper, Caroline S Olsen, Helena Mejer
Feline endoparasites are highly prevalent worldwide and may cause a variety of clinical signs in infected cats. Prevalence rates are dynamic and there is limited knowledge of the current prevalence in Denmark and the clinical manifestation and significance of especially the lungworm Aelurostrongylus abstrusus. This study investigated the total and local prevalence of Aelurostrongylus abstrusus and other endoparasites in Danish cats. The clinical significance of feline aelurostrongylosis was also examined through identification of frequency and severity of selected clinical signs...
January 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062006/challenges-in-the-rabbit-haemorrhagic-disease-2-rhdv2-molecular-diagnosis-of-vaccinated-rabbits
#20
C L Carvalho, E L Duarte, M Monteiro, A Botelho, T Albuquerque, M Fevereiro, A M Henriques, S S Barros, Margarida Dias Duarte
Molecular methods are fundamental tools for the diagnosis of viral infections. While interpretation of results is straightforward for unvaccinated animals, where positivity represents ongoing or past infections, the presence of vaccine virus in the tissues of recently vaccinated animals may mislead diagnosis. In this study, we investigated the interference of RHDV2 vaccination in the results of a RT-qPCR for RHDV2 detection, and possible associations between mean Cq values of five animal groups differing in age, vaccination status and origin (domestic/wild)...
January 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
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