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Zoe Belshaw, Natalie J Robinson, Rachel S Dean, Marnie L Brennan
Dog and cat vaccination consultations are a common part of small animal practice in the United Kingdom. Few data are available describing what happens during those consultations or what participants think about their content. The aim of this novel study was to investigate the attitudes of dog and cat owners and veterinary surgeons towards the content of small animal vaccination consultations. Telephone interviews with veterinary surgeons and pet owners captured rich qualitative data. Thematic analysis was performed to identify key themes...
January 18, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
Youngdeok Kim, Angela Lumpkin, Marc Lochbaum, Steven Stegemeier, Karla Kitten
This study examined the effects of utilizing a wearable activity tracker in a credit-based physical activity instructional program (PAIP) for promoting physical activity (PA) in college students. Fourteen PAIP courses in a large public university were randomly assigned into intervention (k = 7; n = 101) and control (k = 7; n = 86) groups. All courses focused on a core curriculum that covers basic exercise and behavioral science contents through lectures and activity sessions. A Misfit Flash activity tracker was provided to students in the intervention group...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Natasha Janke, Olaf Berke, Eyal Klement, D T Tyler Flockhart, Jason Coe, Shane Bateman
In recent years, there has been a growing concern regarding populations of cats who are homeless. Shelters are constantly overwhelmed by the influx of cats without caregivers and are seeking solutions to enhance positive outcomes for them. In 2014, the Guelph Humane Society implemented a population management program to expedite the movement of cats through the shelter by decreasing the average nonhuman animal's length of stay using scheduled intakes to control for overcrowding and by implementing strategies to increase adoption rates...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science: JAAWS
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December 2017: Veterinary Record
Alannah Jupe, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Sophie Fleming
Approximately 50% of cats admitted to Australian shelters are kittens, and 26% of dogs are puppies, and, particularly for cats, euthanasia rates are often high. Cats can be pregnant by 4 months of age, yet the traditional desexing age is 5-6 months, and studies in Australasia and Nth America reveal that only a minority of veterinarians routinely perform early age desexing (EAD) of cats or dogs, suggesting they are not graduating with these skills. This study aimed to describe the attitudes of veterinary teaching staff in Australian and New Zealand universities towards EAD, and to determine if these changed from 2008 to 2015...
December 25, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Dauton Luiz Zulpo, Ana Sue Sammi, Joeleni Rosa Dos Santos, João Pedro Sasse, Thais Agostinho Martins, Ana Flávia Minutti, Sérgio Tosi Cardim, Luiz Daniel de Barros, Italmar Teodorico Navarro, João Luis Garcia
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the re-shedding of T. gondii oocysts in cats fed tissue cysts of homologous and heterologous strains 12, 24 and 36 months after the first infection. Thirteen cats were used in the present study and were divided into four groups: G1 (n=2), G2 (n=3), G3 (n=5), and G4 (n=3). G1, G3 and G4 cats were infected with brain cysts of ME49 and G2 with TgDoveBr8, both genotype II strains of T. gondii. The G1 and G2 cats were re-infected after twelve months with brain cysts of VEG strain (genotype III), and G3 cats were re-infected with TgDoveBr1 (genotype II)...
January 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Elena T Contreras, E Hodgkins, V Tynes, A Beck, F Olea-Popelka, M R Lappin
BACKGROUND: Stress contributes to reactivation of feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1). The usage of pheromones to decrease stress in FHV-1 experimentally inoculated kittens has not previously been investigated. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a feline pheromone would lessen stress, resulting in decreased recurrence of FHV-1-associated illness in kittens. ANIMALS: Twelve 5-month-old, purpose-bred kittens. METHODS: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Bin Zhu, Xiuchun Ge, Victoria Stone, Xiangzhen Kong, Fadi El-Rami, Yan Liu, Todd Kitten, Ping Xu
Streptococcus sanguinis is an early colonizer of the tooth surface and competes with oral pathogens such as Streptococcus mutans to maintain oral health. However, little is known about its mechanism of biofilm formation. Here, we show that mutation of the ciaR gene, encoding the response regulator of the CiaRH two-component system in S. sanguinis SK36, produced a fragile biofilm. Cell aggregation, gtfP gene expression and water-insoluble glucan production were all reduced, which suggested polysaccharide production was decreased in ΔciaR...
December 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
Heather M Crawford, Joseph B Fontaine, Michael C Calver
Many healthy adult cats are euthanised annually in shelters, and novel approaches are required to reduce euthanasia rates. Waiving adoption fees is one such approach. However, concerns that less responsible owners will be attracted to free events persist among welfare groups. We evaluated evidence for differences in cat fate, health, and adherence to husbandry legislation via a case-study of a free adoption-drive for cats ≥1 year at a Western Australian shelter. Post-adoption outcomes were compared between free adopters and a control group of normal-fee adopters...
December 4, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Jacqueline M Fulvio, Bas Rokers
3D motion perception is of central importance to daily life. However, when tested in laboratory settings, sensitivity to 3D motion signals is found to be poor, leading to the view that heuristics and prior assumptions are critical for 3D motion perception. Here we explore an alternative: sensitivity to 3D motion signals is context-dependent and must be learned based on explicit visual feedback in novel environments. The need for action-contingent visual feedback is well-established in the developmental literature...
November 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
Natasha Janke, Olaf Berke, Tyler Flockhart, Shane Bateman, Jason B Coe
There is a strong need for animal shelters to determine strategies to decrease the incidence of healthy animals being euthanized due to a lack of space. Thus, the Capacity for Care program was implemented at the Guelph Humane Society during August 2014. One objective of the Capacity for Care program is to decrease length of stay of cats within the shelter to improve individual welfare and increase the number of successful adoptions. The current study uses data collected from the Guelph Humane Society between 2011 and 2016...
December 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Vanessa M Pfankuche, Wendy K Jo, Erhard van der Vries, Nicole Jungwirth, Stephan Lorenzen, Albert D M E Osterhaus, Wolfgang Baumgärtner, Christina Puff
Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) infections are typically associated with anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, neutropenia, and lymphopenia. In cases of late prenatal or early neonatal infections, cerebellar hypoplasia is reported in kittens. In addition, single cases of encephalitis are described. FPV replication was recently identified in neurons, although it is mainly found in cells with high mitotic activity. A female cat, 2 months old, was submitted to necropsy after it died with neurologic deficits. Besides typical FPV intestinal tract changes, multifocal, randomly distributed intracytoplasmic vacuoles within neurons of the thoracic spinal cord were found histologically...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
Sara Adelman, Daniel Shinsako, Julie A Kiland, Vincent Yaccarino, N Matthew Ellinwood, Gil Ben-Shlomo, Gillian J McLellan
Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the most consistent risk factor for progressive vision loss in glaucoma. Cats with recessively inherited feline congenital glaucoma (FCG) exhibit elevated IOP with gradual, painless progression of glaucoma similar to humans and are studied as a model of glaucoma in humans and animals. Here, post-natal development of IOP was characterized in normal domestic cats and in cats with FCG caused by a homozygous LTBP2 mutation. Rebound tonometry (TonoVet(®), ICare Oy, Finland) was used to measure IOP non-invasively, 2-3 times weekly in 63 FCG and 33 normal kittens, of both sexes, from eyelid opening until 3-6 months of age...
October 17, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
T Almeras, P Schreiber, S Fournel, V Martin, C S Nicolas, C Fontaine, C Lesbros, S Gueguen
BACKGROUND: Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a common virus, found worldwide, mainly responsible for chronic ulceroproliferative faucitis and periodontitis. This virus has a high mutation rate, leading to the presence of numerous FCV strains in the field. The objectives of this study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of two vaccines (Leucofeligen™ FeLV/RCP and Purevax™ RCP FeLV), which differ by their nature (live vs. inactivated) and the vaccinal strains, against circulating FCV strains...
October 10, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
A M Toohey, T M Krahn
Inspired by poet J.L. Borges's intimations on acceptance, this commentary highlights the eviction of an older woman and her kitten from an affordable independent living facility as representing exclusionary practices and policies that compromise the ability for some lower-income older adults to age-in-place. Even as efforts to promote aging-in-place have prioritized housing as a key need, and public health evidence suggests benefits from animal companionship later in life, there is a shortage of social and other types of affordable housing in Canada and elsewhere that allows older adult tenants to reside independently with companion animals...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Sandrina M Vieira, Rui R F Ferreira, Augusto Jf de Matos, Inês M Cardoso, Rita M C Graça, Ana Rpb Soares, Carles Blasi-Brugué, Ignacio M Sánchez, Rafael R Gopegui
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to document the prevalence of feline blood types in the Iberian Peninsula and to determine the potential risk of incompatibility-related transfusion reactions in unmatched transfusions and the potential risk of neonatal isoerythrolysis (NI) in kittens born to parents of unknown blood type. METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from blood donors of the Animal Blood Bank (BSA-Banco de Sangue Animal). Blood typing was performed using a card method (RapidVet-H Feline Blood Typing; MDS)...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
Yoichi Ito, Naoyuki Itoh, Yuko Iijima, Yuya Kimura
OBJECTIVES: To address the lack of up-to-date published data, the present study evaluates the PCR-based prevalence of Cryptosporidium species infection and molecular characteristics of isolates among household cats and pet shop kittens in Japan. METHODS: A total of 357 and 329 fresh faecal samples were collected from household cats and pet shop kittens, respectively, with or without clinical signs of infection. A nested PCR assay targeting the 18S rRNA gene was employed for the detection of Cryptosporidium species...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
Katherine Long, Donald Prothero, Meena Madan, Valerie J P Syverson
Previous studies have demonstrated that the Pleistocene saber-toothed cat Smilodon fatalis had many forelimb adaptations for increased strength, presumably to grapple with and subdue prey. The Rancho La Brea tar pits yield large samples of juvenile limb bones forming a growth series that allow us to examine how Smilodon kittens grew up. Almost all available juvenile limb bones were measured, and reduced major axis fits were calculated to determine the allometric growth trends. Contrary to expectations based on their robust limbs, Smilodon kittens show the typical pattern of growth found in other large felids (such as the Ice Age lion, Panthera atrox, as well as living tigers, cougars, servals, and wildcats) where the limb grows longer and more slender faster than they grow thick...
2017: PloS One
Chizuko Nakamura, Yuji Inaba, Keiko Tsukahara, Mie Mochizuki, Emi Sawanobori, Yozo Nakazawa, Kouki Aoyama
BACKGROUND: Cat scratch disease is a common infectious disorder caused by Bartonella henselae that is transmitted primarily by kittens. It typically exhibits a benign and self-limiting course of subacute regional lymphadenopathy and fever lasting two to eight weeks. The most severe complication of cat scratch disease is involvement of the nervous system, such as encephalitis, meningitis, and polyneuritis. Peripheral facial nerve palsy associated with Bartonella infection is rare; few reported pediatric and adult cases exist and the precise pathogenesis is unknown...
September 18, 2017: Brain & Development
Jenny Stavisky, Rachel Sarah Dean, Michael Henry Molloy
The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) and feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infections in cats presented to two RSPCA (Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) animal rehoming centres and to identify risk factors for infection. All cats presented at each centre between August 2011 and August 2012 were subjected to a patient-side test for FeLV/FIV on entry. Kittens under three months and cats euthanased within a short time of presentation were excluded from the study...
October 28, 2017: Veterinary Record
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