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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645213/cohort-profile-the-bristol-cats-study-bcs-a-birth-cohort-of-kittens-owned-by-uk-households
#1
J K Murray, R A Casey, E Gale, C A T Buffington, C Roberts, R H Kinsman, T J Gruffydd-Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630696/the-impact-of-time-of-neutering-on-weight-gain-and-energy-intake-in-female-kittens
#2
David Allaway, Matthew Gilham, Alison Colyer, Penelope J Morris
Neutering is a risk factor for obesity in companion animals. In a study to determine the total energy requirements of kittens (15-52 weeks) the impact of neutering and age when neutered on intake and body weight (BW) was investigated. Females (n 14), neutered when 19 (early neuter; EN) or 31 (conventional neuter; CN) weeks old (n 7/group), were individually fed to maintain an ideal body condition score (BCS). EN kittens gained weight gradually whilst CN kittens' BW gain slowed from week 24, weighing less than EN kittens from week 30 with a reduced energy intake (kcal/kg BW(0·67)) in weeks 24-32 (P < 0·05)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622497/feline-panleukopenia-virus-is-not-associated-with-myocarditis-or-endomyocardial-restrictive-cardiomyopathy-in-cats
#3
Laura McEndaffer, Alex Molesan, Hollis Erb, Kathleen Kelly
Canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2) is nearly indistinguishable from feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) and is a well-known cause of viral myocarditis in young puppies; however, it is not known whether either FPV or CPV-2 naturally infects feline cardiomyocytes and causes myocarditis. Endomyocarditis (EMC) and left ventricular endomyocardial fibrosis (LVEF), clinically known as "endomyocardial restrictive cardiomyopathy," are important feline heart diseases suspected to have an infectious etiology. A continuum is suggested with EMC representing the acute reaction to an unknown infectious agent and LVEF the chronic manifestation of repair...
July 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593499/in-utero-exposure-to-nicotine-alters-the-development-of-the-rabbit-cardiac-conduction-system-and-provides-a-potential-mechanism-for-sudden-infant-death-syndrome
#4
Anh Tuan Ton, Michael Biet, Jean-Francois Delabre, Nathalie Morin, Robert Dumaine
In-utero exposure to tobacco smoke remains the highest risk factor for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). To alleviate the risks, nicotine replacement therapies are often prescribed to women who wish to quit smoking during their pregnancy. Cardiac arrhythmias is considered the final outcome leading to sudden death. Our goal in this study was to determine if exposing rabbit fetus to nicotine altered the cardiac conduction system of newborn kittens in a manner susceptible to cause SIDS. Using neuronal markers and a series of immunohistological and electrophysiological techniques we found that nicotine delayed the development of the cardiac pacemaker center (sinoatrial node) and decreased its innervation...
June 7, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588478/lower-activation-in-frontal-cortex-and-posterior-cingulate-cortex-observed-during-sex-determination-test-in-early-stage-dementia-of-the-alzheimer-type
#5
Ravi Rajmohan, Ronald C Anderson, Dan Fang, Austin G Meyer, Pavis Laengvejkal, Parunyou Julayanont, Greg Hannabas, Kitten Linton, John Culberson, Hafiz Khan, John De Toledo, P Hemachandra Reddy, Michael W O'Boyle
Face-labeling refers to the ability to classify faces into social categories. This plays a critical role in human interaction as it serves to define concepts of socially acceptable interpersonal behavior. The purpose of the current study was to characterize, what, if any, impairments in face-labeling are detectable in participants with early-stage clinically diagnosed dementia of the Alzheimer type (CDDAT) through the use of the sex determination test (SDT). In the current study, four (1 female, 3 males) CDDAT and nine (4 females, 5 males) age-matched neurotypicals (NT) completed the SDT using chimeric faces while undergoing BOLD fMRI...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574465/trap-neuter-return-activities-in-urban-stray-cat-colonies-in-australia
#6
Kuan Tan, Jacquie Rand, John Morton
Trap, neuter and return (TNR) describes a non-lethal approach to the control of urban stray cat populations. Currently, in Australia, lethal control is common, with over 85% of cats entering some municipal pounds euthanized. No research has been published describing TNR activities in Australia. Adults involved with TNR in Australia were invited to participate. Data from 53 respondents were collected via an anonymous online questionnaire. Most respondents were females 36 to 65 years of age, and slightly more participated in TNR as individuals than as part of an organization...
June 2, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555953/relationship-between-sources-of-pet-acquisition-and-euthanasia-of-cats-and-dogs-in-an-animal-shelter-a-pilot-study
#7
A I Arbe Montoya, J S Rand, R M Greer, C Alberthsen, D Vankan
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 140,000 unwanted dogs and cats are culled in Australia annually. There is a paucity of information linking sources of pet acquisition with subsequent euthanasia, which may inform evidence-based strategies to reduce euthanasia rates. This pilot study aimed to determine whether there is a higher risk of euthanasia related to the source of acquisition for pets surrendered to an animal shelter. METHODS: Data for 5391 dogs and 5581 cats surrendered to one Queensland shelter between January 2006 and December 2009 were analysed...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555510/perioperative-blood-glucose-concentrations-in-kittens-following-overnight-fasting-and-gonadectomy
#8
Danielle N Semick, Stephanie L Shaver, Heather N Cornell, Nancy C Bradley, Rachael E Kreisler
Objectives The objective of this study was to determine if hypoglycemia is an effect of overnight fasting and gonadectomy in kittens, as well as to determine predictors of baseline and postoperative blood glucose. Methods This was a prospective observational study. Seventy-five kittens between the age of 8 and 16 weeks undergoing routine castration or ovariohysterectomy at an animal shelter were included. Two blood glucose measurements were analyzed per kitten after an overnight fast: a baseline reading prior to preoperative examination, and a reading immediately postoperatively...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548550/felis-catus-papillomavirus-type-2-dna-loads-on-kittens-are-transient-and-do-not-reflect-their-susceptibility-to-infection
#9
Neroli A Thomson, David G Thomas, Karin Weidgraaf, John S Munday
Objectives Felis catus papillomavirus type 2 (FcaPV-2) commonly infects the skin of domestic cats, and mounting evidence suggests that the virus could be involved in a subset of feline skin cancers. The reason why some cats develop FcaPV-2-induced disease and others do not is currently unknown. However, it has been shown that kittens in different litters have markedly different FcaPV-2 DNA loads and the aim of this study was to determine whether these differences could be due to inherent differences in susceptibility to infection...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540504/can-but-don-t-olfactory-discrimination-between-own-and-alien-offspring-in-the-domestic-cat
#10
Oxána Bánszegi, Elisa Jacinto, Andrea Urrutia, Péter Szenczi, Robyn Hudson
Mammalian maternal care usually comes at a large energetic cost. To maximize their fitness, mothers should preferentially care for their own offspring. However, the majority of studies of mother-offspring recognition have focused on herd- or colony-living species and there is little information on maternal discrimination in more solitary-living species. Olfaction has been found to play a major role in mother-offspring recognition across various taxa. Therefore, our aim was to study this in a species evolved from a solitary-living ancestor, the domestic cat...
July 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535136/eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-a-kitten
#11
Julie Pera, Douglas Palma, Taryn A Donovan
A 4 mo old intact male kitten was presented for chronic regurgitation and failure to thrive after weaning to dry food. Esophageal dilatation and severe diffuse proliferative lesions of the esophageal mucosa were found via radiography and esophagoscopy, respectively. Histopathologic examination revealed severe, chronic, diffuse, hyperplastic eosinophilic and mastocytic esophagitis. Eosinophilic infiltrates were prominent, with a mean of 29.8 eosinophils per high power field, supportive of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491450/contribution-of-oral-triamcinolone-to-treating-proliferative-and-necrotising-otitis-externa-in-a-14-year-old-persian-cat
#12
Yutaka Momota, Junya Yasuda, Nobuaki Arai, Masami Yamamoto, Hisashi Yoshimura, Mitsutaka Ikezawa, Shuji Suzuki, Kimimasa Takahashi, Toshinori Sako
CASE SUMMARY: A 14-year-old female spayed cat was referred for recurrent otitis externa and unusual proliferative lesions in both ear canals. The affected pinnae and external ear canals were covered with large reddish-to-dark-brown verrucous and necrotic tissue. Friable material and exudates occluded both ear canals. Proliferative lesions developed in both ears 2-3 weeks before referral. The histopathological diagnosis from two biopsies obtained from the friable materials with endoscopic biopsy forceps was proliferative and necrotising otitis externa (PNOE)...
January 2017: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491444/cerebral-pyogranulomatous-encephalitis-caused-by-cladophialophora-bantiana-in-a-15-week-old-domestic-shorthair-kitten
#13
Elise B Russell, Marcus N Gunew, Michelle M Dennis, Catriona L Halliday
CASE SUMMARY: A case of cerebral phaeohyphomycosis caused by Cladophialophora bantiana is described in a 15-week-old domestic shorthair kitten. RELEVANCE AND NOVEL INFORMATION: Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis is a rare condition in cats caused by dematiaceous fungi. This report describes the clinical and histopathological findings in the youngest case documented in a feline, provides a brief review of aetiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of cerebral phaeohyphomycosis and demonstrates the importance of molecular diagnostics in accurate mycotic species identification...
July 2016: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491442/respiratory-distress-associated-with-lungworm-infection-in-a-kitten
#14
Melissa M Hawley, Lynelle R Johnson, Donato Traversa, Dan Bucy, Karen M Vernau, William Vernau
CASE SUMMARY: A 5-month-old feral kitten developed worsening respiratory signs, including tachypnea, coughing and wheezing after standard anthelmintic treatment with fenbendazole at a local shelter. The kitten was referred to the University of California, Davis, William R Pritchard Veterinary Medicine Teaching Hospital for further evaluation. Thoracic radiographs revealed a severe diffuse bronchointerstitial pattern with bronchial cuffing, ill-defined nodules and lymphadenomegaly. Differentials included infectious etiologies such as toxoplasmosis, feline infectious peritonitis and cryptococcosis...
July 2016: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426412/fatal-aelurostrongylosis-in-a-kitten-in-serbia
#15
Pavle Gavrilović, Milijan Jovanović, Aleksandra Gavrilović, Slađan Nešić
This paper describes a case of aelurostrongylosis in a four-month old female domestic cat (Felis catus) from South Banat, Serbia. The kitten that had died suddenly without signs of illness was autopsied in the Veterinary Specialised Institute "Pančevo". The macroscopic finding was typical of granulomatous pneumonia and subsequently, histopathology revealed verminous pneumonia. Based on the parasite morphology, it was confirmed that the lung lesions were caused by Aelurostrongylus abstrusus. The present finding contributes to the knowledge of the prevalence of this underestimated parasite in the Balkan Peninsula...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425314/effect-of-transmucosal-corn-syrup-application-on-postoperative-blood-glucose-concentrations-in-kittens
#16
Heather N Cornell, Stephanie L Shaver, Danielle N Semick, Nancy C Bradley, Rachael E Kreisler
Objectives The aim of the study was to determine the effect of a common clinical practice, the transmucosal (TM) application of corn syrup, on postoperative blood glucose concentrations in kittens. Methods This study was designed as a randomized controlled trial. Seventy-five kittens between the age of 8 and 16 weeks scheduled for surgical sterilization by gonadectomy at an animal shelter were enrolled. Kittens were randomly assigned to either a routine treatment group that received the shelter's typical postoperative application of corn syrup immediately following gonadectomy or to a control group that did not receive typical treatment...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412947/report-of-the-first-clinical-case-of-intestinal-trichomoniasis-caused-by-tritrichomonas-foetus-in-a-cat-with-chronic-diarrhoea-in-brazil
#17
Aline S Hora, Samantha I Miyashiro, Fabiana C Cassiano, Paulo E Brandão, Archivaldo Reche-Junior, Hilda F J Pena
BACKGROUND: Tritrichomonas foetus is an emergent and important enteric pathogen of cats, which causes prolonged diarrhoea in cats. CASE PRESENTATION: This study describes a T. foetus infection in a seven-month-old, entire male domestic shorthair kitten with a six-month history of persistent large intestinal diarrhoea, faecal incontinence, prostration, apathy and weight loss. Parasites were microscopically observed and confirmed by PCR and DNA sequencing. Molecular analyses were carried out comparing the sequence obtained in this study with T...
April 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399114/lung-hypoplasia-in-newborn-rabbits-with-a-diaphragmatic-hernia-affects-pulmonary-ventilation-but-not-perfusion
#18
Andreas W Flemmer, Marta Thio, Megan J Wallace, Katie Lee, K Marcus J Kitchen, Lauren Kerr, Charles C Roehr, Andreas Fouras, Richard Carnibella, Jaccques J Jani, Philip DeKoninck, Arjan B tePas, James T Pearson, Stuart B Hooper
BACKGROUND: A congenital diaphragmatic hernia can result in severe lung hypoplasia that increases the risk of morbidity and mortality after birth, but little is known about the cardiorespiratory transition at birth. METHODS: Using phase contrast X-ray imaging and angiography, we examined the cardiorespiratory transition at birth in rabbit kittens with diaphragmatic hernias (DH). Surgery was performed on pregnant New Zealand white rabbits (n=18) at 25 days gestation to induce a left-sided DH...
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378987/stray-dogs-and-cats-as-potential-sources-of-soil-contamination-with-zoonotic-parasites
#19
Katarzyna Szwabe, Joanna Blaszkowska
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The main source of many zoonoses is soil contaminated with feline and canine faeces. Thus, the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of intestinal parasites in stray dogs and cats adopted in Lodz shelter (Poland). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 163 faecal samples were collected from 95 dogs and 68 cats from 2011 to 2012. The samples were processed by sedimentation techniques using Mini Parasep®SF. RESULTS: Six parasite genera belonging to protozoa, cestoda, and nematoda, were found in dogs, while eight were found in cats...
March 22, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370059/congenital-lobar-emphysema-in-a-kitten
#20
M Blonk, I Van de Maele, A Combes, B Stablay, H De Cock, I Polis, G Rybachuk, H de Rooster
A five-month-old ragdoll cat presented with severe respiratory signs, unresponsive to medical therapy. Hyperinflation of the right middle lung lobe was diagnosed with radiography and computed tomography. Lung lobectomy following a median sternotomy led to full recovery. Histopathological analysis revealed lobar emphysema and, based on the animal's age, congenital lobar emphysema was considered the most likely diagnosis.
March 28, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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