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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910138/canine-and-feline-colostrum
#1
S Chastant-Maillard, C Aggouni, A Albaret, A Fournier, H Mila
Puppy and kitten survival over the first weeks is particularly dependent on colostrum, a specific secretion of the mammary gland produced during the first 2 days post-partum. Colostrum is a source of nutrients and immunoglobulins. It also contributes to the digestive tract maturation. Colostrum differentiates from milk mainly based on its concentration in immunoglobulins G: 20-30 g/L in dog colostrum, 40-50 g/L in cats' vs <1 g/L in milk. IgG concentration rapidly drops after parturition (-50% in 24 hr)...
November 30, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902842/vagal-denervation-inhibits-the-increase-in-pulmonary-blood-flow-during-partial-lung-aeration-at-birth
#2
Justin A R Lang, James T Pearson, Corinna Binder-Heschl, Megan J Wallace, Melissa L Siew, Marcus J Kitchen, Arjan B Te Pas, Robert A Lewis, Graeme R Polglase, Mikiyasu Shirai, Stuart B Hooper
Air entry into the lungs at birth triggers major cardiovascular changes, including a large increase in pulmonary blood flow (PBF) that is not spatially related to regional lung aeration. To investigate the possible underlying role of a vagally-mediated stimulus, we used simultaneous phase-contrast X-ray imaging and angiography in near-term (30 days of gestation) vagotomised (n = 15) or sham-operated (n = 15) rabbit kittens. Rabbits were imaged before ventilation, when one lung was ventilated (unilateral) with 100% nitrogen (N2 ), air or 100% oxygen (O2 ), before all kittens were switched to unilateral ventilation in air, then ventilation of both lungs using air...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896903/imaging-diagnosis-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-a-neuronal-heterotopia-in-the-brain-of-a-cat
#3
Antonia DeJesus, Bradley J Turek, Evelyn Galban, Jantra Ngosuwan Suran
A domestic shorthair kitten was presented for evaluation and further treatment of seizures. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed a large multilobulated mass in the third ventricle extending into the right lateral ventricle with secondary obstructive hydrocephalus. The mass was homogeneously isointense to gray matter on T2W, T2-FLAIR, T2(*) W, T1W, and ADC images, and hyperintense on DW-EPI. There was no appreciable contrast enhancement. Seizures were managed medically and with subsequent ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement...
November 28, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876765/pre-and-post-weaning-diet-alters-the-faecal-metagenome-in-the-cat-with-differences-vitamin-and-carbohydrate-metabolism-gene-abundances
#4
Wayne Young, Christina D Moon, David G Thomas, Nick J Cave, Emma N Bermingham
Dietary format, and its role in pet nutrition, is of interest to pet food manufacturers and pet owners alike. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of pre- and post-weaning diets (kibbled or canned) on the composition and function of faecal microbiota in the domestic cat by shotgun metagenomic sequencing and gene taxonomic and functional assignment using MG-RAST. Post-weaning diet had a dramatic effect on community composition; 147 of the 195 bacterial species identified had significantly different mean relative abundances between kittens fed kibbled and canned diets...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856748/rapid-recovery-from-the-effects-of-early-monocular-deprivation-is-enabled-by-temporary-inactivation-of-the-retinas
#5
Ming-Fai Fong, Donald E Mitchell, Kevin R Duffy, Mark F Bear
A half-century of research on the consequences of monocular deprivation (MD) in animals has revealed a great deal about the pathophysiology of amblyopia. MD initiates synaptic changes in the visual cortex that reduce acuity and binocular vision by causing neurons to lose responsiveness to the deprived eye. However, much less is known about how deprivation-induced synaptic modifications can be reversed to restore normal visual function. One theoretically motivated hypothesis is that a period of inactivity can reduce the threshold for synaptic potentiation such that subsequent visual experience promotes synaptic strengthening and increased responsiveness in the visual cortex...
December 6, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843905/cat-scratch-disease-expanded-spectrum
#6
Hassan A Aziz, Thomas P Plesec, Camille Sabella, Unni K Udayasankar, Arun D Singh
BACKGROUND: To expand the spectrum of ophthalmic manifestations in cat scratch disease. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 7-year-old male was referred for evaluation of his left optic disc after failing vision screening test at school. His visual acuity was 20/20 OD and light perception OS. Fundus examination showed a left optic disc lesion associated with an exudative retinal detachment and vitreous seeding. Ultrasonography revealed a 7 × 7...
October 2016: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831705/an-evaluation-of-a-storybook-targeting-parental-attitudes-intention-and-self-efficacy-to-change-their-child-s-oral-health-behavior
#7
Lucy O'Malley, Pauline Adair, Girvan Burnside, Louise Robinson, Margaret Coffey, Cynthia Pine
Objective: Methods for reducing dental disease have traditionally focused on health education rather than targeting psychosocial determinants of the core behaviors through behavior change strategies. This study tested a novel intervention in the form of a children's story (Kitten's First Tooth) embedded with behavior change techniques (Abraham & Michie, 2008) with the aim of investigating how effective the intervention was at improving parents' efficacy and intention to enact oral health behaviors for their child...
November 10, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807902/epidemiological-analysis-of-reproductive-performances-and-kitten-mortality-rates-in-5-303-purebred-queens-of-45-different-breeds-and-28-065-kittens-in-france
#8
A Fournier, M Masson, F Corbière, H Mila, C Mariani, A Grellet, S Chastant-Maillard
Reproduction management and performances are evaluated in the feline species only through a limited number of animals and studies. Our objective was to provide reference figures in purebred cats, from a large-scale sample. Data were collected from an online software dedicated to cattery management (Breeding Management System®, BMS, Royal Canin, Aimargues, France). Information was recorded on a voluntary basis by French breeders between 2011 and 2014. Data were anonymously transferred for analysis. A total of 9,063 oestrous periods (in contact with a male) from 5,303 queens (45 breeds) were recorded from 1,521 breeders...
November 3, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770190/a-fas-ligand-variant-associated-with-autoimmune-lymphoproliferative-syndrome-in-cats
#9
Danielle Aberdein, John S Munday, Barbara Gandolfi, Keren E Dittmer, Richard Malik, Dorian J Garrick, Leslie A Lyons
British shorthair (BSH) kittens in multiple litters died as a result of a severe non-neoplastic lymphoproliferative disease that showed many similarities with human autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS). Human ALPS is caused by inherited defects in FAS-mediated lymphocyte apoptosis and the possibility of similar defects was investigated in BSH cats. The whole genomes of two affected kittens were sequenced and compared to 82 existing cat genomes. Both BSH kittens had homozygous insertions of an adenine within exon 3 of the FAS-ligand gene...
October 21, 2016: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770018/duration-of-antibody-response-following-vaccination-against-feline-immunodeficiency-virus
#10
Mark E Westman, Richard Malik, Evelyn Hall, Matthew Harris, Margaret J Hosie, Jacqueline M Norris
OBJECTIVES: Recently, two point-of-care (PoC) feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) antibody test kits (Witness and Anigen Rapid) were reported as being able to differentiate FIV-vaccinated from FIV-infected cats at a single time point, irrespective of the gap between testing and last vaccination (0-7 years). The aim of the current study was to investigate systematically anti-FIV antibody production over time in response to the recommended primary FIV vaccination series. METHODS: First, residual plasma from the original study was tested using a laboratory-based ELISA to determine whether negative results with PoC testing were due to reduced as opposed to absent antibodies to gp40...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733725/intrauterine-insemination-with-fresh-semen-in-amur-leopard-cat-pionailurus-bengalensis-eutilura-during-non-breeding-season
#11
Hideo Tajima, Madoka Yoshizawa, Shinichi Sasaki, Fujio Yamamoto, Etsuo Narushima, Toshihiko Tsutsui, Takashi Funahashi, Satoshi Kusuda, Osamu Doi, Yuriko Tateyama, Masanori Kobayashi, Tatsuya Hori, Eiichi Kawakami
Equine and human chorionic gonadotropins were administered to two female Amur leopard cats to induce estrus and ovulation during non-breeding season. Fresh semen collected from male cats was surgically inseminated into the uterine horn of the females. In one animal, two fetal sacs without heartbeats were observed on abdominal ultrasonography 31 days after insemination, which indicated that embryo death had occurred. In the other animal, fetal heartbeats were detected in two fetal sacs 29 days after insemination, which confirmed as pregnancy...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694367/single-and-mixed-feline-lungworm-infections-clinical-radiographic-and-therapeutic-features-of-26-cases-2013-2015
#12
Paolo E Crisi, Giovanni Aste, Donato Traversa, Angela Di Cesare, Elettra Febo, Massimo Vignoli, Domenico Santori, Alessia Luciani, Andrea Boari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to retrospectively describe clinical, radiographic and therapeutic features of feline lungworm infection. METHODS: Medical records of cats with lungworm diagnosis, thoracic radiography and without concurrent diseases between 2013 and 2015 were reviewed. Collection of data included physical examination, haematology, serum biochemistry, therapy with a variety of anthelmintics and outcomes. RESULTS: Thirty-seven records were recovered and 26 were included in the study...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622188/health-and-behavioral-survey-of-over-8000-finnish-cats
#13
Katariina Vapalahti, Anna-Maija Virtala, Tara A Joensuu, Katriina Tiira, Jaana Tähtinen, Hannes Lohi
A comprehensive feline health survey was conducted to reveal breed-specific inheritable diseases in Finnish pedigree cats for genetic research. Prevalence of 19 disease categories and 227 feline diseases were defined in a study population of 8175 cats belonging to 30 breeds. Dental and oral diseases, with a prevalence of 28%, and dental calculus and gingivitis (21 and 8%, respectively) were the most prevalent disease category and diseases among all cats and in most of the breeds. An exception was Korats, which were more often affected by the diseases of the respiratory tract (23%) and asthma (19%)...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621095/q-fever-coxiella-burnetii-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-australian-cat-breeders-and-their-husbandry-practices
#14
A J Shapiro, J M Norris, K L Bosward, J Heller
A Q fever outbreak in a small animal veterinary hospital, associated with a cat caesarean section, initiated a cat seroprevalence study (n = 712) that found circulating antibodies to Coxiella burnetii was highest in cattery-confined breeding cats (9.3%). These findings stimulated interest about potential sources of C. burnetii infection for cats and humans associated with cats. Cat breeders are potentially a group at increased risk of C. burnetii infection, and this study sought to identify potential risk factors...
September 13, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570137/proliferative-and-necrotizing-otitis-externa-in-a-kitten-successful-treatment-with-intralesional-and-topical-corticosteroid-therapy
#15
Yutaka Momota, Junya Yasuda, Mitsutaka Ikezawa, Jun Sasaki, Masaaki Katayama, Kenji Tani, Masahiro Miyabe, Eri Onozawa, Daigo Azakami, Katsumi Ishioka, Toshinori Sako
Proliferative and necrotising otitis externa (PNOE) is a very rare disease affecting the ear canals and concave pinnae of kittens. This report describes a 5-month-old cat with PNOE. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis. Treatment was initiated with local injection of methylprednisolone acetate into the lesions. The cat was subsequently treated with clobetasol propionate cream, a potent topical glucocorticoid ointment. The cat showed marked improvement. While topical treatment with tacrolimus, an immunosuppressive agent, is reported to be an effective therapy, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to treat PNOE with local corticosteroid therapy...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523932/prevalence-of-platynosomum-fastosum-infection-in-free-roaming-cats-in-northeastern-brazil-fluke-burden-and-grading-of-lesions
#16
R R Braga, A C Teixeira, J A A Oliveira, L P G Cavalcanti
The objective of this paper was to investigate prevalence and parasite load of the trematode Platynosomum fastosum infection and the risk of developing cholangitis/cholangiohepatitis among infected domestic cats in a city of northeastern Brazil, and to characterize the influence of fluke burden in the formation of lesions in liver and gallbladder. A total of 141 cats was necropsied and examined for the presence of P. fastosum. The observed prevalence was 42.6% (60/141, 95% CI=34.2-50.9). Parasite load varied from 1 to 219 flukes per animal...
August 30, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523047/a-novel-3d-bone-mimetic-scaffold-composed-of-collagen-mta-mwcnt-modulates-cell-migration-and-osteogenesis
#17
Thalita M Valverde, Elisandra G Castro, Maíssa H S Cardoso, Paulo A Martins-Júnior, Lívia M O Souza, Patrícia P Silva, Luiz O Ladeira, Gregory T Kitten
AIMS: This study characterized a three-dimensional (3D) biocomposite scaffolds produced using type I collagen, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) to be used in bone tissue regeneration. MAIN METHODS: The scaffolds were analyzed via scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy, as well as the viability and migration of osteoblasts and mineralization of the scaffolds. KEY FINDINGS: SEM and TEM analyses showed that MTA and MWCNT were distributed as both large agglomerates entrapped within the collagen network and as smaller accumulations or individual molecules dispersed throughout the scaffold...
October 1, 2016: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514377/female-cats-but-not-males-adjust-responsiveness-to-arousal-in-the-voice-of-kittens
#18
Wiebke S Konerding, Elke Zimmermann, Eva Bleich, Hans-Jürgen Hedrich, Marina Scheumann
BACKGROUND: The infant cry is the most important communicative tool to elicit adaptive parental behaviour. Sex-specific adaptation, linked to parental investment, may have evolutionary shaped the responsiveness to changes in the voice of the infant cries. The emotional content of infant cries may trigger distinctive responsiveness either based on their general arousing properties, being part of a general affect encoding rule, or based on affective perception, linked to parental investment, differing between species...
2016: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451911/milkweed-control-by-food-imprinted-rabbits
#19
Anita Ducs, Andrea Kazi, Ágnes Bilkó, Vilmos Altbäcker
Many species of invasive plants are spreading out rapidly in Europe. The common milkweed occupies increasingly more area. Being poisonous, most animals will not graze on it however rabbits would be an effective organism for the biological control of milkweed. Rabbit kittens can learn the maternal diet in various ways. They prefer aromatic foods which their mother had eaten during pregnancy or lactation period, -even if it is poisonous- but they can also learn the maternal diet from the fecal pellets deposited by the mother into the nest during the nursing events...
September 2016: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432436/effect-of-modified-live-or-inactivated-feline-herpesvirus-1-parenteral-vaccines-on-clinical-and-laboratory-findings-following-viral-challenge
#20
Stacie C Summers, Rebecca Ruch-Gallie, Jennifer R Hawley, Michael R Lappin
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to investigate the effect of one dose of an inactivated feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1), feline calicivirus (FCV) and panleukopenia virus (FPV) vaccine (FVRCP) or one dose of a modified live (ML) FVRCP vaccine on clinical signs and shedding of FHV-1 in specific pathogen-free kittens after challenge with FHV-1 7 days after vaccination. METHODS: Twenty-four FHV-1 seronegative 5-month-old kittens were randomized into three groups of eight kittens...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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