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Burn management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673543/dihydrocapsiate-supplementation-prevented-high-fat-diet-induced-adiposity-hepatic-steatosis-glucose-intolerance-and-gut-morphological-alterations-in-mice
#1
Ritesh K Baboota, Pragyanshu Khare, Priyanka Mangal, Dhirendra Pratap Singh, Kamlesh K Bhutani, Kanthi K Kondepudi, Jaspreet Kaur, Mahendra Bishnoi
Despite the lipolytic and thermogenic properties of capsaicin, its putative use as a weight-lowering dietary supplement has been limited because of the burning sensation caused by capsaicin when it comes in contact with mucous membranes. A potential alternative to capsaicin are the capsinoids, nonpungent capsaicin analogs that exhibit effects similar to capsaicin. Whereas the antiobesity properties of capsinoids have been reported, the effectiveness of FDA-approved synthetic dihydrocapsiate has not yet been investigated...
March 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667059/energy-and-environmental-impact-analysis-of-rice-cultivation-and-straw-management-in-northern-thailand
#2
Sanwasan Yodkhum, Sate Sampattagul, Shabbir H Gheewala
Rice cultivation and energy use for rice production can produce the environmental impacts, especially related to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Also, rice straw open burning by farmers generally practiced after harvesting stage in Thailand for removing the residues in the rice field is associated with emissions of air pollutants, especially particulate matter formation that affects human health and global climate. This study assessed the environmental burdens, consisting of GHG emissions, energy use, and particulate matter formation (PM10), from rice cultivation in Thailand by life cycle assessment (LCA) and compared the environmental burdens of rice straw management scenarios: open burning, incorporation into soil, and direct combustion for electricity generation...
April 17, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665489/management-impacts-on-fire-occurrence-a-comparison-of-fire-regimes-of-african-and-south-american-tropical-savannas-in-different-protected-areas
#3
Swanni T Alvarado, Thiago Sanna Freire Silva, Sally Archibald
Humans can alter fire dynamics in grassland systems by changing fire frequency, fire seasonality and fuel conditions. These changes have effects on vegetation structure and recovery, species composition, and ecosystem function. Understanding how human management can affect fire regimes is vital to detect potential changes in the resilience of plant communities, and to predict vegetation responses to human interventions. We evaluated the fire regimes of two recently protected areas in Madagascar (Ibity and Itremo NPA) and one in Brazil (Serra do Cipó NP) before and after livestock exclusion and fire suppression policies...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665174/a-managed-alcohol-program-in-sydney-australia-acceptability-cost-savings-and-non-beverage-alcohol-use
#4
Nadine Ezard, Michael E Cecilio, Brendan Clifford, Eileen Baldry, Lucy Burns, Carolyn A Day, Marian Shanahan, Kate Dolan
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Managed alcohol programs (MAPs) are a novel harm reduction intervention for people who experience long-term homelessness and severe long-term alcohol dependence. MAPs provide regulated amounts of alcohol onsite under supervision. Preliminary international evidence suggests that MAPs are associated with improvements such as reduced non-beverage alcohol consumption and decreases in some alcohol-related harms. There are currently no MAPs in Australia. We aimed to assess the feasibility of a MAP in inner-Sydney...
April 17, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661381/a-review-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-inhaled-methoxyflurane-as-an-analgesic-for-outpatient-procedures
#5
REVIEW
C Jephcott, J Grummet, N Nguyen, O Spruyt
Methoxyflurane delivered via a hand-held inhaler is a proven analgesic which has been used in Australasia for emergency relief of trauma associated pain since the 1970s. The agent is self-administered by the patient under the supervision of trained personnel. More than 5 million patients have received inhaled methoxyflurane without significant side effects. Methoxyflurane is also licensed in Australasia for the relief of pain in monitored conscious patients requiring analgesia for minor surgical procedures...
May 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659783/managed-fire-frequency-significantly-influences-the-litter-arthropod-community-in-longleaf-pine-flatwoods
#6
Rachel A Atchison, Jiri Hulcr, Andrea Lucky
Frequent prescribed burns are essential to pine forest restoration and management. Research studies have assessed effects of prescribed fire and burn frequency on plants and vertebrates, but impacts of fire on terrestrial invertebrate communities are still poorly understood. This case study investigated effects of burning frequency on species richness and community composition of social insects (ants, Hymenoptera: Formicidae and termites, Blattodea: Isoptera) in fire-managed Southern longleaf pine flatwoods in central Florida...
April 11, 2018: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655849/effect-of-cadmium-on-morphometric-traits-antioxidant-enzyme-activity-and-phytochelatin-synthase-gene-expression-sopcs-of-saccharum-officinarum-var-cp48-103-in-vitro
#7
Z Yousefi, M Kolahi, A Majd, P Jonoubi
Cadmium is an important environmental pollutant which genetically, physiologically and biochemically affects the cell. Phytochelatins (PC) are involved in one of the phytoremediation mechanisms, in which they are able to bind heavy metals, such as cadmium. The objective of this study was to evaluate morphometric, antioxidant enzyme activity, and SoPCS gene expression in sugarcane growing under cadmium stress. After propagation, samples were cultured in triplicate for 14 days in modified MS medium containing CdCl2 (100, 250, 500 µmol)...
April 12, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651952/special-traumatized-populations-burns-and-hypothermia
#8
Shruti Mehrotra, Amita Misir
It is important for physicians treating children to be aware of unique presentation that require expertise and knowledge. Two areas of importance when caring for traumatized children are Thermal Burn Injuries, and Hypothermia. Burns commonly result in morbidity in children; as such, the appropriate identification of the severity of the burn and appropriate management are integral to minimize the complications of burns during the acute phase. Attention to proper fluid management is paramount. Knowledge of types of solutions to use during Burn treatment is important...
April 11, 2018: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648477/acute-intensive-care-unit-management-of-mustard-gas-victims-the-turkish-experience
#9
Ertugrul Kilic, Mesut Ortatatli, Sermet Sezigen, Rusen Koray Eyison, Levent Kenar
Sulfur mustard (SM) is an highly toxic and vesicant chemical weapon that was used in various military conflicts several times in the history. The severity of ocular, dermal, and pulmonary symptoms that may appear following a characteristic asymptomatic period are depending on the SM concentration and exposure duration. The aim of this study is to present the clinical features and share the intensive care unit (ICU) experiences for the medical management of mustard gas victims. Thirteen Free Syrian Army soldiers near Al-Bab region of North Syria were reportedly exposed to oily blackish smoke with garlic smell due to the explosion of a trapped bomb without causing any blast or thermal effect on 26th November 2016...
April 12, 2018: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644425/turbidity-responses-from-timber-harvesting-wildfire-and-post-fire-logging-in-the-battle-creek-watershed-northern-california
#10
Jack Lewis, Jonathan J Rhodes, Curtis Bradley
The Battle Creek wa tershed in northern California was historically important for its Chinook salmon populations, now at remnant levels due to land and water uses. Privately owned portions of the watershed are managed primarily for timber production, which has intensified since 1998, when clearcutting became widespread. Turbidity has been monitored by citizen volunteers at 13 locations in the watershed. Approximately 2000 grab samples were collected in the 5-year analysis period as harvesting progressed, a severe wildfire burned 11,200 ha, and most of the burned area was salvage logged...
April 11, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643795/ocular-injury-due-to-potassium-permanganate-granules
#11
Chareenun Chirapapaisan, Pinnita Prabhasawat, Sabong Srivannaboon, Vatookarn Roongpoovapatr, Piyada Chitsuthipakorn
Purpose: We report a rare case of ocular injury due to potassium permanganate (KMnO4 ) granules in a child. Methods: This is a retrospective case report. Results: A 2-year-old boy was transferred to our emergency room with severe pain in his right eye, inflamed eyelids, and brownish stains on his fingers. Chemical injury was suspected. Copious eye irrigation was immediately performed. Diffuse brownish splotches were then observed at the inferior bulbar conjunctiva...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627131/treatment-of-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-by-a-multidisciplinary-team-a-review-of-literature-and-treatment-results
#12
Anthony Papp, Sheena Sikora, Morgan Evans, Diana Song, Mark Kirchhof, Monica Miliszewski, Jan Dutz
BACKGROUND: Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) are mucocutaneous hypersensitivity reactions, usually to drugs or their metabolites. TEN is the most severe involving greater than 30% of the total body surface area (TBSA). Management of these patients usually benefits from a large multidisciplinary team for both wound and medical management. Treatment of these patients varies between centers and physicians and there is lack of a standardized treatment protocol in the medical literature...
April 4, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626137/snakebites-in-africa-and-europe-a-military-perspective-and-update-for-contemporary-operations
#13
REVIEW
Daniel Wilkins, D S Burns, D Wilson, D A Warrell, L E M Lamb
Snakebite envenoming is rare among military patients, with few cases reported in recent years. Increasingly, however, military operations are taking place in remote parts of Africa, which are inhabited by numerous species of venomous snake, and in Europe, where dangerous species exist but are less common. Bites from a venomous snake may prove fatal, and therefore military medics must be adequately prepared to manage them. This paper reviews the most medically significant species of venomous snake present in Africa and Europe, before suggesting an evidence-based approach to snakebite prevention and management, including possible changes to the UK's Clinical Guidelines for Operations...
April 5, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623705/centella-asiatica-centellicum%C3%A2-facilitates-the-regular-healing-of-surgical-scars-in-subjects-at-high-risk-of-keloids
#14
Roberto Cotellese, Shu Hu, Gianni Belcaro, Andrea Ledda, Beatrice Feragalli, Mark Dugall, Morio Hosoi, Edmondo Ippolito
BACKGROUND: Formation of scars after surgical incisions requires the proper appositions of elements contributing to the scarring process. The structural rebuilding of damaged tissues is essential in producing a linear scar. The excess of blood, foreign particles, exuberant sutures, necrotic tissue, possible infective agents, as well as the ongoing inflammatory process may produce a non-linear, sometimes painful keloidal scar. Centella asiatica (CA) extracts have been used topically since ancient times for preventing keloids (i...
April 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622333/emergency-care-of-pediatric-burns
#15
REVIEW
Ashley M Strobel, Ryan Fey
Although the overall incidence of and mortality rate associated with burn injury have decreased in recent decades, burns remain a significant source of morbidity and mortality in children. Children with major burns require emergent resuscitation. Resuscitation is similar to that for adults, including pain control, airway management, and administration of intravenous fluid. However, in pediatrics, fluid resuscitation is needed for burns greater than or equal to 15% of total body surface area (TBSA) compared with burns greater than or equal to 20% TBSA for adults...
May 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618886/scar-management-after-surgical-repair-of-lateral-facial-clefts
#16
Vicky Kang, Alvaro A Figueroa, Russell R Reid
The prevention of scar contracture after surgery is an important aspect of lateral facial cleft repair. Maintaining adequate mouth opening is essential for speech, expression, chewing, oral hygiene and psychosocial well-being. Although there have been extensive reviews of non-surgical microstomia management in patients with oral electrical burns, there have been no reports on the use of oral commissure splints to manage the surgical scar in patients with lateral facial clefts. The case study presented here will demonstrate the clinical use of cheek retractors to provide physical resistance to scar contracture...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618862/acetic-acid-dressings-finding-the-holy-grail-for-infected-wound-management
#17
Kapil S Agrawal, Anup Vidyadhar Sarda, Raghav Shrotriya, Manoj Bachhav, Vinita Puri, Gita Nataraj
Background: Wounds have since long, contributed majorly to the health-care burden. Infected long-standing non-healing wounds place many demands on the treating surgeon and are devastating for the patients physically, nutritionally, vocationally, financially, psychologically and socially. Acetic acid has long been included among agents used in the treatment of infected wounds. In this study, we have evaluated the use of acetic acid for topical application in the treatment of infected wounds...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615833/patient-and-physician-perspectives-on-the-use-of-cyclosporine-ophthalmic-emulsion-0-05-for-the-management-of-chronic-dry-eye
#18
REVIEW
Tatiana Deveney, Penny A Asbell
Dry eye disease (DED) is a multifactorial disease of the ocular surface and is one of the most common reasons for patients to visit an eye care provider. Cyclosporine A (CsA) is an immune modulating drug that was approved in the US for topical use in the treatment of DED in 2003, which led to a paradigm change in our understanding and treatment of DED, turning attention to control of inflammation for treatment. This review summarizes the literature to date regarding the impact of CsA on the treatment of DED...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609279/-qualitative-research-on-pain-experiences-of-adult-burn-patients
#19
L Li, Q Pan, L Xu, R Q Lin, J X Dai, Z H Chen
Objective: To explore the pain experiences of adult burn patients so as to lay foundation for practical analgesic measures. Methods: Using phenomenological method in qualitative research, semi-structured interviews were conducted on 12 adult burn patients hospitalized in our burn units from May to November 2015, aiming at pain experiences from immediately after burns to 3 to 7 months after being discharged from hospital. Then the Colaizzi's analysis method was applied to analyze, induce, and refine themes of interview data...
March 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609275/-innovation-drive-is-the-original-motive-force-of-discipline-construction-the-developing-road-of-department-of-burns-and-plastic-surgery-in-the-309th-hospital-of-pla
#20
C Y Jia
Discipline construction is a systematic project, covering clinic, teaching, scientific research, management, and humanity. Based on the perspective of innovation drive, from the aspects of discipline structure setting, specialized laboratory construction, sub-specialty formation, clinical characteristic and advantage formation, and management concept update, this article summarizes the growth process of Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery in the 309th Hospital of PLA.
March 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
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