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Acute pancreatitis, ROC

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705256/monocyte-programmed-death-ligand-1-expression-is-an-early-marker-for-predicting-infectious-complications-in-acute-pancreatitis
#1
Tingting Pan, Tianyun Zhou, Lei Li, Zhaojun Liu, Ying Chen, Enqiang Mao, Meiling Li, Hongping Qu, Jialin Liu
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a life-threatening disease that requires early identification of patients at risk of developing infectious complications. Immunosuppression is an initial event that is key to AP pathogenesis. The programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) system is reported to mediate evasion of host immune surveillance in many diseases; however, the relationship between PD-1/PD-L1 expression and these parameters or infectious complications in AP has not been elucidated...
July 14, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693979/the-predictive-value-of-c-reactive-protein-crp-in-acute-pancreatitis-is-interval-change-in-crp-an-additional-indicator-of-severity
#2
Aaron D Stirling, Neil R Moran, Michael E Kelly, Paul F Ridgway, Kevin C Conlon
BACKGROUND: Using revised Atlanta classification defined outcomes, we compare absolute values in C-reactive protein (CRP), with interval changes in CRP, for severity stratification in acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: A retrospective study of all first incidence AP was conducted over a 5-year period. Interval change in CRP values from admission to day 1, 2 and 3 was compared against the absolute values. Receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curve and likelihood ratios (LRs) were used to compare ability to predict severe and mild disease...
July 8, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585594/role-of-early-contrast-enhanced-ct-scan-in-severity-prediction-of-acute-pancreatitis
#3
Noman Shahzad, Muhammad Rizwan Khan, K M Inam Pal, Dawar Burhan Khan, Muhammad Shahrukh Effendi
Severe pancreatitis occurs in approximately 15-25% of patients with acute pancreatitis. The objective of our study was to compare the CT Severity Index (CTSI) with a clinical score (BISAP score) to predict severity of acute pancreatitis. Forty-eight consecutive patients with acute pancreatitis who underwent contrast enhanced CT scan within 72 hours of presentation were included. Results of our study showed that both CTSI and BISAP score were reliable predictors of mortality (p value = 0.019 and <0.001 respectively) and need for mechanical ventilation (p value = ...
June 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487848/blood-urea-nitrogen-as-a-predictor-of-severe-acute-pancreatitis-based-on-the-revised-atlanta-criteria-timing-of-measurement-and-cutoff-points
#4
Suhan Lin, Wandong Hong, Zarrin Basharat, Qipin Wang, Jingye Pan, Mengtao Zhou
Background and Aims. This study evaluated the prognostic accuracy of BUN for severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and in-hospital mortality (IHM) in terms of the best timing for BUN measurement and the optimal BUN cutoff points. Methods. BUN determinants at the time of admission and 24 hrs after hospital admission were recorded and analyzed statistically. The ability of BUN in predicting the SAP and the occurrence of IHM were assessed using the area under the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465644/endothelial-progenitor-cells-in-peripheral-blood-may-serve-as-a-biological-marker-to-predict-severe-acute-pancreatitis
#5
Xiao-Qin Ha, Yue-Juan Song, Hong-Bin Zhao, Wei-Wei Ta, Hong-Wei Gao, Qiang-Sheng Feng, Ju-Zi Dong, Zhi-Yun Deng, Hong-Yan Fan, Jun-Hua Peng, Zhi-Hua Yang, Yong Zhao
AIM: To investigate the significance of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in predicting severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). METHODS: We recruited 71 patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) and excluded 11 of them; finally, cases of mild acute pancreatitis (MAP) (n = 30) and SAP (n = 30), and healthy volunteers (n = 20) were internalized to investigate levels of EPCs, C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), fibrinogen (FIB) and white blood cells (WBC) in peripheral blood...
April 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462883/effectiveness-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-acute-pancreatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Yang Fei, Wei-Qin Li
OBJECTIVE: To systematically determine the diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the assessment of acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified by searching the database up to December 2016. Patient clinical characteristics and diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were extracted. The summary receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to examine the accuracy of CEUS. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the clinical utility in the diagnosis and evaluation of acute pancreatitis...
June 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436602/accuracy-of-circulating-histones-in-predicting-persistent-organ-failure-and-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis
#7
T Liu, W Huang, P Szatmary, S T Abrams, Y Alhamdi, Z Lin, W Greenhalf, G Wang, R Sutton, C H Toh
BACKGROUND: Early prediction of acute pancreatitis severity remains a challenge. Circulating levels of histones are raised early in mouse models and correlate with disease severity. It was hypothesized that circulating histones predict persistent organ failure in patients with acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Consecutive patients with acute pancreatitis fulfilling inclusion criteria admitted to Royal Liverpool University Hospital were enrolled prospectively between June 2010 and March 2014...
April 24, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419583/a-comparison-of-multi-factor-scoring-systems-and-single-serum-markers-for-the-early-prediction-of-the-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis
#8
Wen-Hua He, Yin Zhu, Yong Zhu, Qi Jin, Hong-Rong Xu, Zhi-Juan Xion, Min Yu, Liang Xia, Pi Liu, Nong-Hua Lu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to clarify whether the current scoring systems and single serum markers used in pancreatitis remain applicable for the early prediction of infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN), the severity and mortality of acute pancreatitis (AP) in accordance with the revised Atlanta and determinant-based classifications. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data from 708 consecutive patients with AP were prospectively collected between January 2011 and December 2012...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403081/evaluation-of-extrapancreatic-inflammation-on-abdominal-computed-tomography-as-an-early-predictor-of-organ-failure-in-acute-pancreatitis-as-defined-by-the-revised-atlanta-classification
#9
Chenyang Chen, Zixing Huang, Hang Li, Bin Song, Fang Yuan
The aim of the study was to determine whether extrapancreatic inflammation on computed tomography (EPIC) is helpful in predicting organ failure in the early phase of acute pancreatitis (AP) as defined by the 2012 revised Atlanta classification.Patients (n = 208) who underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) within 24 hours after AP onset and admission were retrospectively identified. Each patient's EPIC score, Balthazar score, bedside index of severity in acute pancreatitis (BISAP), and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) score were obtained...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348184/comparison-of-the-prognostic-values-of-inflammation-markers-in-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Yuanyuan Li, Ying Zhao, Limin Feng, Renyong Guo
OBJECTIVES: Inflammation-based prognostic markers (neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), red cell distribution width (RDW) and lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR)) are associated with overall survival in some diseases. This study assessed their prognostic value in mortality and severity in acute pancreatitis (AP). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients with AP were recruited from the emergency department at our hospital...
March 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266603/a-reduced-lymphocyte-ratio-as-an-early-marker-for-predicting-acute-pancreatitis
#11
Xiuzhong Qi, Fangyong Yang, Haitao Huang, Yiqi Du, Yan Chen, Meitang Wang, Dezeng Zhu, Xiaoqiang Yue, Lina Wang
The early diagnosis and severity grading for acute pancreatitis (AP) are difficult to determine because of the complexity and differences in disease process. To date, few studies have investigated the role of lymphocyte ratio (LR) in AP. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of LR as an indicator in AP, as well as determine an optimal cut-off value for the severity prediction. There were two hundred four patients involved in this study, ninety-two of whom had severe acute pancreatitis (SAP)...
March 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207167/bisap-ranson-lactate-and-others-biomarkers-in-prediction-of-severe-acute-pancreatitis-in-a-european-cohort
#12
Francisco Valverde-López, Ana M Matas-Cobos, Carlos Alegría-Motte, Rita Jiménez-Rosales, Margarita Úbeda-Muñoz, Eduardo Redondo-Cerezo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Assessing and comparing the predicting ability of some scores and biomarkers in Acute Pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: We prospectively collected data from 269 patients diagnosed of AP, admitted to Virgen de las Nieves University Hospital between June 2010 and June 2012. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN), C-reactive protein (CRP) and creatinine (Cr) were measured on admission and after 48 hours, lactate and BISAP only on admission and RANSON within the first 48 hours...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190685/impact-of-body-fat-and-muscle-distribution-on-severity-of-acute-pancreatitis
#13
Seung Bae Yoon, Moon Hyung Choi, In Seok Lee, Chul-Hyun Lim, Jin Soo Kim, Yu Kyung Cho, Jae Myung Park, Bo-In Lee, Young-Seok Cho, Myung-Gyu Choi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a well-established risk factor for severe acute pancreatitis (AP); however, the impact of visceral obesity or sarcopenic obesity on severity of AP has not been well studied. We compared the relationship between severity of AP and various body parameters including body weight, body mass index (BMI), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and visceral fat-to-muscle ratio (VMR). METHODS: We analyzed the data of patients who were diagnosed with AP from 2009 to 2015...
February 6, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174597/cd4%C3%A2-%C3%A2-cd25%C3%A2-%C3%A2-cd127-high-cells-as-a-negative-predictor-of-multiple-organ-failure-in-acute-pancreatitis
#14
Wei Wang, He-Ping Xiang, Hui-Ping Wang, Li-Xin Zhu, Xiao-Ping Geng
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that severity of the immune response induced by immune cells is associated with morbidity and mortality from acute pancreatitis. The authors investigated and evaluated the relationship between distinct peripheral lymphocyte subsets at admission and clinical outcome prior to hospital discharge so as to find a predictor to the prognosis of acute pancreatitis in lymphocyte profile. METHODS: Lymphocyte subsets in admission peripheral venous blood were tested through flow cytometry on 48 patients with acute pancreatitis...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164588/elevated-presepsin-levels-are-associated-with-severity-and-prognosis-of-severe-acute-pancreatitis
#15
Jianbo Lin, Zhe Li, Yanhong Zheng, Yang Zhang, Cunhua Shao, Gongpan Liu, Jiangong Li
BACKGROUND: Current clinical scoring systems are insufficient in the early identification of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) patients at risk of developing potentially lethal complications. This present study was designed to evaluate the relationship of presepsin with disease severity, local complications, organ failure, and mortality of SAP. METHODS: Eighty-five SAP patients and 85 gender- and age-matched healthy volunteers were enrolled. Presepsin concentrations were measured on admission from SAP patients and at study entry from healthy individuals...
September 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099352/acute-pancreatitis-in-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer-timing-of-surgery-and-survival-duration
#16
Shaojun Li, Bole Tian
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a rare manifestation of pancreatic cancer (PC). The relationship between AP and PC remains less distinct.From January 2009 to November 2015, 47consecutive patients with PC who presented with AP were reviewed for this study. Clinical features, clinicopathologic variables, postoperative complications, and follow-up evaluations of patients were documented in detail from our database. In order to identify cutoff threshold time for surgery, receiver operating curve (ROC) was built according to patients with or without postoperative complications...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048725/su-f-t-108-texture-analysis-for-toxicity-prediction-from-dose-surface-maps
#17
A Witztum, S Warren, M Partridge, M Hawkins
PURPOSE: To find spatial features that best predict acute duodenal related toxicity grade ≥ 3 from 2D dose surface maps in pancreatic chemoradiotherapy. METHODS: Nineteen patients from the ARCII trial (EudraCT 2008-006302-42) treating locally-advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) with chemoradiotherapy were analysed. Previous work considering traditional dose-volume and dose-surface metrics as predictors had little power. We investigate the use of texture analysis to improve predictive capabilities...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928447/mortality-prognostic-factors-in-acute-pancreatitis
#18
C C Popa, D C Badiu, O C Rusu, V T Grigorean, S I Neagu, C R Strugaru
Background: The aim of the study was to present the biological prognostic factors of mortality in patients with acute pancreatitis. Methods: Several usual laboratory values were monitored: glucose, urea, partial pressure of oxygen, WBC count, hemoglobin, total bilirubin, and cholesterol. A statistical analysis was performed by using ROC curves and AUC interpretation. Results: The overall mortality rate was 21.1% and was different depending on the severity of the disease. Only 2.22% of the patients with a mild disease died, as opposed to 45...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727299/relationship-between-plasma-triglyceride-level-and-severity-of-hypertriglyceridemic-pancreatitis
#19
Sheng-Huei Wang, Yu-Ching Chou, Wei-Chuan Shangkuan, Kuang-Yu Wei, Yu-Han Pan, Hung-Che Lin
BACKGROUND: Hypertriglyceridemia is the third most common cause of acute pancreatitis, but whether the level of triglyceride (TG) is related to severity of pancreatitis is unclear. AIM: To evaluate the effect of TG level on the severity of hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis (HTGP). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 144 patients with HTGP from 1999 to 2013 at Tri-Service General Hospital...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686934/early-prediction-of-persistent-organ-failure-by-serum-angiopoietin-2-in-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis
#20
Yu-Ping Zhang, Chang Liu, Lei Ye, Na Yu, Yuan-Ning Ye, Wen-Rong Sun, Lin Wu, Fang-Yu Wang
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers for the early prediction of the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) are urgently needed for clinical management of the disease. Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2), one of the autocrine peptides that reduce endothelial permeability, has been found to be associated with various diseases, including inflammatory disorders. AIMS: This study aimed to determine whether serum Ang-2 could serve as a noninvasive biomarker for the early prediction of persistent organ failure (POF) in acute pancreatitis...
December 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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