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heavy metal

Liping Huang, Ming Li, Yuzhen Pan, Xie Quan, Jinhui Yang, Gianluca Li Puma
The deposition and separation of W and Mo from aqueous solutions with simultaneous hydrogen production was investigated in stacked bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) composed of microbial electrolysis cell (1#) serially connected with parallel connected microbial fuel cell (2#). The impact of W/Mo molar ratio (in the range 0.01 mM : 1 mM and vice-versa), initial pH (1.5 to 4.0) and cathode material (stainless steel mesh (SSM), carbon rod (CR) and titanium sheet (TS)) on the BES performance was systematically investigated...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Yayong Liu, Jia Xing, Shuxiao Wang, Xiao Fu, Haotian Zheng
Heavy metals are concerned for its adverse effect on human health and long term burden on biogeochemical cycling in the ecosystem. In this study, a provincial-level emission inventory of 13 kinds of heavy metals including V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Sn, Sb, Ba and Pb from 10 anthropogenic sources was developed for China, based on the 2015 national emission inventory of primary particulate matters and source category-specific speciation profiles collected from 50 previous studies measured in China. Uncertainties associated with the speciation profiles were also evaluated...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Christof Lanzerstorfer
The concentration of heavy metals in urban road-deposited sediments (RDS) can be used as an indicator for environmental pollution. Thus, their occurrence has been studied in whole road dust samples as well as in size fractions obtained by sieving. Because of the limitations of size separation by sieving little information is available about heavy metal concentrations in the road dust size fractions <20 μm. In this study air classification was applied for separation of dust size fractions smaller than 20 μm from RDS collected at different times during the year...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Ghazala Iqbal, Wahid Zada, Abdul Mannan, Touqeer Ahmed
The deficit in the visuospatial skills, thinking, learning and memory is termed as cognitive impairment. Human exposure to heavy metals is a potential risk factor for developing cognitive impairment. This study aimed to investigate the possible association between the concentration of heavy metals and the extent of cognitive impairment. Blood samples were subjected to microwave assisted acid digestion and evaluated for metals levels using atomic absorption spectrophotometry. We measured the levels of Cu, Pb, Al, Zn, Cd and Mn in 183 patients diagnosed with cognitive impairment; mild (n = 72), moderate (n = 86) and severe (n = 25) and compared them to age-matched healthy controls (n = 90)...
April 16, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Xin Li, Shi-Ming Lan, Zhong-Ping Zhu, Chang Zhang, Guang-Ming Zeng, Yun-Guo Liu, Wei-Cheng Cao, Biao Song, Hong Yang, Sheng-Fan Wang, Shao-Hua Wu
Sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB), a group of anaerobic prokaryotes, can use sulfur species as a terminal electron acceptor for the oxidation of organic compounds. They not only have significant ecological functions, but also play an important role in bioremediation of contaminated sites. Although numerous studies on metabolism and applications of SRB have been conducted, they still remain incompletely understood and even controversial. Fully understanding the metabolism of SRB paves the way for allowing the microorganisms to provide more beneficial services in bioremediation...
April 20, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Lei Liu, Ke Zhang
Developing novel methods for the removal of heavy-metal ions from wastewater with low costs, special selectivity and high efficiency is quite important in water restoration and comprehensive ecological improvement. In this work, a nanopore-based strategy was suggested and related segregation apparatus was built to separate multiple heavy-metal ions in water by selective complexation. The results indicated that the prioritization of the selecting order for the complexing agent (thiacalix[4]arene-p-tetrasulfonate (TCAS)) to heavy-metal ions was Cu(II) > Cd(II) > Pb(II) > Ba(II)...
April 23, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Shalini Tiwari, Charu Lata
Several anthropogenic activities including mining, modern agricultural practices, and industrialization have long-term detrimental effect on our environment. All these factors lead to increase in heavy metal concentration in soil, water, and air. Soil contamination with heavy metals cause several environmental problems and imparts toxic effect on plant as well as animals. In response to these adverse conditions, plants evolve complex molecular and physiological mechanisms for better adaptability, tolerance, and survival...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Behnam Keshavarzi, Mina Hassanaghaei, Farid Moore, Meisam Rastegari Mehr, Siyavash Soltanian, Ahmad Reza Lahijanzadeh, Armin Sorooshian
Five heavy metals/metalloids and related potential health risks were investigated in three commercially important fish species (Anodontostoma chacunda, Belangerii, and Cynoglossurs arel) in Musa Estuary and Mahshahr Harbour of the Persian Gulf. A total of 116 fish samples were collected, and their liver and muscle organs were separately analyzed using ICP-MS. Results revealed that studied metals concentrations (with some exceptions) varied among sampling stations, fish species and their organs. Human health risk is evaluated using different indices...
April 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
José Antonio Rodríguez Martin, Carmen Gutiérrez, Manuel Torrijos, Nikos Nanos
Natural levels of heavy metals (HM) have increased during the industrial era to the point of posing a serious threat to the environment. The use of tree species to record contamination is a well-known practice. The objective of the study was to compare HM levels under different pollution conditions: a) soil pollution due to mining waste; b) atmospheric pollution due to coal-fired power plant emissions. We report significant HM enrichment in Pinus halepensis tissues. Near a burning power plant, Pb content in a tree wood was 2...
April 18, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Mahmoud F Seleiman, Ahmed M S Kheir
Contamination of arid and semi-arid ecosystems by toxic heavy metals is a serious concern due to its impact on growth and productivity of crop and health risk through food chain. Therefore, the aims of this investigation were to study the impact of inorganic (i.e. nano hydroxyapatite, NHA and polyacrylamide, PAM) and organic (i.e. sugar beet factory lime, SBFL and biochar, BI) soil amendments on maize productivity grown in contaminated silty clay (i.e. fluvial, lacustrine) and sandy (i.e. marine) alkaline soils...
April 15, 2018: Chemosphere
Umesh Kumar Singh, A L Ramanathan, V Subramanian
Groundwater chemistry of mining region of East Singhbhum district having complex contaminant sources were investigated based on heavy metals loads and other hydrochemical constituents. This study aimed to identify the degree of heavy metals exposure and their potential health risk to local population. The results of hydrochemical analysis showed that Na+ , K+ , and Ca2+ ions are the dominant cations in the groundwater, while HCO3 - , F- and Cl- ions dominate the anionic part of the groundwater. The weathering process was considered the dominant factor to determine the major ionic composition in the study area...
April 13, 2018: Chemosphere
Rong Jiang, Meie Wang, Weiping Chen
Siduron is a widely used herbicide in urban lawn and has been frequently detected in urban and suburban surface water. However, characteristics of its environmental behavior in soil are seldom reported. The combined pollution of heavy metals, especially for Cu, Pb, Cd, Zn and siduron would be common because of the widely existence of heavy metal pollution in urban soils. In this study, four soils with similar physicochemical properties but different levels of preexisting heavy metals were selected to investigate the adsorption and successive desorption of siduron using batch experiments...
April 9, 2018: Chemosphere
Eleni Kamilari, Konstantinos Farsalinos, Konstantinos Poulas, Christos G Kontoyannis, Malvina G Orkoula
Electronic cigarettes are considered healthier alternatives to conventional cigarettes containing tobacco. They produce vapor through heating of the refill liquids (e-liquids) which consist of propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin, nicotine (in various concentrations), water and flavoring agents. Heavy metals may enter the refill liquid during the production, posing a risk for consumer's health due to their toxicity. The objective of the present study was the development of a methodology for the detection and quantitative analysis of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), arsenic (As) and chromium (Cr), employing Total Reflection X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy (TXRF) as an alternative technique to ICP-MS or ICP-OES commonly used for this type of analysis...
April 18, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Shuang Wang, Zhe Xu, Hang Yin, Yahong Min, Shu Li
Cadmium (Cd) is a kind of toxic heavy metal and it can cause damage to organs and tissues. Selenium (Se) can antagonize some metal element toxicity including Cd. The present study was designed to investigate Cd-induced damage to chicken ovary by autophagy and the protective mechanism of Se on Cd-induced damage. Administration of Cd for 12 weeks led to energy metabolism disorder of the chicken ovarian tissues, which resulted in autophagy. In addition, the mRNA expression of glucose-related genes including hexokinase II (HK2), pyruvate kinase (PK), pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHX), and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and the activities of ATPase, including Na+ -K+ -ATPase, Ca2+ -ATPase, Mg2+ -ATPase, were all downregulated remarkably compared with the control...
April 21, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Hai Lin, Junfei Liu, Yingbo Dong, Kaiqiang Ren, Yu Zhang
The aim of the present study was to investigate three kinds of emergent macrophytes, i.e., Acorus calamus L., Phragmites communis Trin., and Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb and their combination patterns on their removal efficiency of compound heavy metals (vanadium, chromium, and cadmium) from synthetic aqueous. The results showed that the optimal single-species for compound heavy metals removal was Acorus calamus L. and during experiment period, the average removal efficiency of V5+ , Cr6+ , and Cd2+ was 52...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Xufeng Fei, Zhaohan Lou, George Christakos, Zhouqiao Ren, Qingmin Liu, Xiaonan Lv
Stomach cancer (SC) is a severe health burden, with nearly half of the world's cases found in China. Noticeably, the emissions of heavy metals into the environment have increased alongside rapid urbanization and industrialization in China. However, as regards carcinogenic associations, the relationship between heavy metals and SC is yet unclear. Based on 9378 newly diagnosed SC cases in Hangzhou City from 2009 to 2012, this work is concerned with the quantitative characterization of the spatial distribution pattern of SC incidence and its geographical association with soil heavy metals by means of a novel geographical model...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Pradeep Dhanwal, Anil Kumar, Shruti Dudeja, Hemlata Badgujar, Rohit Chauhan, Abhishek Kumar, Poonam Dhull, Vinod Chhokar, Vikas Beniwal
  This study was carried out to analyze the heavy metals biosorption potential of bacteria isolated from soil contaminated with electroplating industrial effluents. Bacterial isolates were screened for their multi-metal biosorption potential against copper, nickel, lead, and chromium. Bacterial isolate CU4A showed the maximum uptake of copper, nickel, lead, and chromium in aqueous solution, with a biosorption efficiency of 87.16 %, 79.62%, 84.92%, and 68.12%, respectively. The bacterial strain CU4A was identified as Bacillus cereus, following 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis...
May 1, 2018: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
Muhammad Imtiaz, Muhammad Ashraf, Muhammad Shahid Rizwan, Muhammad Amjad Nawaz, Muhammad Rizwan, Sajid Mehmood, Balal Yousaf, Yuan Yuan, Allah Ditta, Muhammad Ali Mumtaz, Muhammad Ali, Sammina Mahmood, Shuxin Tu
The agricultural soil contaminated with heavy metals induces toxic effects on plant growth. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of vanadium (V) on growth, H2 O2 and enzyme activities, cell death, ion leakage, and at which concentration; V induces the toxic effects in chickpea plants grown in red soil. The obtained results indicated that the biomass (fresh and dry) and lengths of roots and shoots were significantly decreased by V application, and roots accumulated more V than shoots. The enzyme activities (SOD, CAT, and POD) and ion leakage were increased linearly with increasing V concentrations...
April 17, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Geir Bjørklund, Maryam Dadar, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Jan Aaseth
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex chronic condition of unknown etiology, characterized by deep and widespread pain, sleep problems, cognitive impairment, fatigue, and other well-known functional symptoms. Recently, it has been proposed that an imbalance of nutritive components, including essential metal ions and vitamins, might play a critical role in the development of FM. Muscle pain has been associated with deficiencies in amino acids, magnesium, selenium, vitamins B and D, as well as with the harmful effects of heavy metals, such as mercury, cadmium, and lead...
April 17, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Jia Wei, Junfeng Jim Zhang, John S Ji
OBJECTIVES: We aim to explore the association between blood heavy metal concentrations of cadmium, lead, and mercury with ever-report of eczema in the US population. METHODS: We used NHANES cross-sectional data from 2005-2006. Eczema was measured among 4509 adults and 3898 non-adults. The association between eczema and tertiles of concentrations of cadmium, lead, mercury was estimated using multivariate logistic regression models adjusted for different confounding variables...
April 20, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
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