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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666247/global-shifts-in-the-phenological-synchrony-of-species-interactions-over-recent-decades
#1
Heather M Kharouba, Johan Ehrlén, Andrew Gelman, Kjell Bolmgren, Jenica M Allen, Steve E Travers, Elizabeth M Wolkovich
Phenological responses to climate change (e.g., earlier leaf-out or egg hatch date) are now well documented and clearly linked to rising temperatures in recent decades. Such shifts in the phenologies of interacting species may lead to shifts in their synchrony, with cascading community and ecosystem consequences. To date, single-system studies have provided no clear picture, either finding synchrony shifts may be extremely prevalent [Mayor SJ, et al. (2017) Sci Rep 7:1902] or relatively uncommon [Iler AM, et al...
April 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665635/a-mechanism-study-on-toxicity-of-graphene-oxide-to-daphnia-magna-direct-link-between-bioaccumulation-and-oxidative-stress
#2
Xiaohui Lv, Yao Yang, Yi Tao, Yuelu Jiang, Baiyang Chen, Xiaoshan Zhu, Zhonghua Cai, Bing Li
Graphene oxide (GO) possesses versatile applicability and high hydrophilicity, thus may have frequent contact with aquatic organisms. However, the ecological risks of GO in aquatic ecosystems remain largely unexplored currently. This study evaluated the comprehensive toxicological effects of GO on Daphnia magna, a key species in fresh water ecosystem. The results revealed nonsevere acute toxicities, including immobility (72 h EC50 : 44.3 mg/L) and mortality (72 h LC50 : 45.4 mg/L), of GO on D. magna. To understand the underlying mechanism of GO exposure, changes in superoxide dismutase (SOD) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) of D...
March 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665634/characterization-of-microplastic-litter-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-of-solea-solea-from-the-adriatic-sea
#3
G Pellini, A Gomiero, T Fortibuoni, Carmen Ferrà, F Grati, A N Tassetti, P Polidori, G Fabi, G Scarcella
Micro-plastic particles in the world's oceans represent a serious threat to both human health and marine ecosystems. Once released into the aquatic environment plastic litter is broken down to smaller pieces through photo-degradation and the physical actions of waves, wind, etc. The resulting particles may become so small that they are readily taken up by fish, crustaceans and mollusks. There is mounting evidence for the uptake of plastic particles by marine organisms that form part of the human food chain and this is driving urgent calls for further and deeper investigations into this pollution issue...
March 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661139/genome-analysis-of-the-freshwater-planktonic-vulcanococcus-limneticus-sp-nov-reveals-horizontal-transfer-of-nitrogenase-operon-and-alternative-pathways-of-nitrogen-utilization
#4
Andrea Di Cesare, Pedro J Cabello-Yeves, Nathan A M Chrismas, Patricia Sánchez-Baracaldo, Michaela M Salcher, Cristiana Callieri
BACKGROUND: Many cyanobacteria are capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen, playing a crucial role in biogeochemical cycling. Little is known about freshwater unicellular cyanobacteria Synechococcus spp. at the genomic level, despite being recognised of considerable ecological importance in aquatic ecosystems. So far, it has not been shown whether these unicellular picocyanobacteria have the potential for nitrogen fixation. Here, we present the draft-genome of the new pink-pigmented Synechococcus-like strain Vulcanococcus limneticus...
April 16, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660985/facile-on-site-aqueous-pollutant-monitoring-using-a-flexible-ultra-light-and-robust-sers-substrate-interface-self-assembly-of-au-ag-nanocubes-on-polyvinyl-chloride-template
#5
Lu-Bin Zhong, Qing Liu, Peng Wu, Qi-Feng Niu, Huan Zhang, Yu-Ming Zheng
Aquatic ecosystem and human health have been seriously threatened by illegal discharge of wastewater, while simple and effective monitoring methods are still sparse. Here, we propose a facile method for on-site pollutant monitoring by surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) with a novel substrate. This substrate is fabricated by interface self-assembly of Au@Ag nanocubes (NCs) on a simultaneously formed polyvinyl chloride (PVC) template, followed by coating a thin Au film. The Au@Ag@Au-NCs/PVC film is flexible, ultra-light and robust, which could float on water surface and firmly contact with water even under harsh environmental conditions...
April 16, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660862/modeling-fine-particle-dynamics-in-gravel-bedded-streams-storage-and-re-suspension-of-fine-particles
#6
Jungsu Park, James R Hunt
Fine particles or sediments have various effects on water quality and aquatic ecosystems. Thus, understanding the dynamics of these fine particles between water body and stream bed is an important issue in sediment research. Previous studies and analysis of empirical data suggest that fine particles are stored in the sediment bed in the low flow regime, where flow rate is smaller than the critical flow rate that mobilizes the sediment bed. These fine particles are re-suspended during flood events when the flow rate becomes larger than the critical flow rate that mobilizes bed material...
April 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660722/determinants-of-mercury-contamination-in-viperine-snakes-natrix-maura-in-western-europe
#7
Jérémy Lemaire, Paco Bustamante, Anthony Olivier, Olivier Lourdais, Bruno Michaud, Alexandre Boissinot, Pedro Galán, François Brischoux
The effects of Hg contamination are presumably widespread across the components of aquatic ecosystems, but investigations have been mainly focused on freshwater fish, because this biota represents a major source of Hg for human populations. Yet, the possible bioaccumulation of Hg on other freshwater meso- and apex-predators (e.g., amphibians, reptiles) has been largely overlooked, especially in Western Europe. In this study, the determinants of Hg concentrations were assessed for the viperine snake (Natrix maura) across 6 populations (>130 individuals sampled in 2016 and 2017) in France and Spain...
April 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656423/interdisciplinary-knowledge-exchange-across-scales-in-a-globally-changing-marine-environment
#8
Karlie S McDonald, Alistair J Hobday, Elizabeth A Fulton, Peter A Thompson
The effects of anthropogenic global environmental change on biotic and abiotic processes have been reported in aquatic systems across the world. Complex synergies between concurrent environmental stressors and the resilience of the system to regime shifts, which vary in space and time, determine the capacity for marine systems to maintain structure and function with global environmental change. Consequently, an interdisciplinary approach that facilitates the development of new methods for the exchange of knowledge between scientists across multiple scales is required to effectively understand, quantify and predict climate impacts on marine ecosystem services...
April 14, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656193/trade-offs-in-ecosystem-impacts-from-nanomaterial-versus-organic-chemical-ultraviolet-filters-in-sunscreens
#9
David Hanigan, Lisa Truong, Jared Schoepf, Takayuki Nosaka, Anjali Mulchandani, Robert L Tanguay, Paul Westerhoff
Both nanoparticulate (nZnO and nTiO2 ) and organic chemical ultraviolet (UV) filters are active ingredients in sunscreen and protect against skin cancer, but limited research exists on the environmental effects of sunscreen release into aquatic systems. To examine the trade-offs of incorporating nanoparticles (NPs) into sunscreens over the past two decades, we targeted endpoints sensitive to the potential risks of different UV filters: solar reactive oxygen production in water and disruption of zebrafish embryo development...
March 27, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653401/antibiotics-and-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-global-lakes-a-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Yuyi Yang, Wenjuan Song, Hui Lin, Weibo Wang, Linna Du, Wei Xing
Lakes are an important source of freshwater, containing nearly 90% of the liquid surface fresh water worldwide. Long retention times in lakes mean pollutants from discharges slowly circulate around the lakes and may lead to high ecological risk for ecosystem and human health. In recent decades, antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) have been regarded as emerging pollutants. The occurrence and distribution of antibiotics and ARGs in global freshwater lakes are summarized to show the pollution level of antibiotics and ARGs and to identify some of the potential risks to ecosystem and human health...
April 10, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653323/potential-risk-of-coupling-products-between-tetrahalobisphenol-a-and-humic-acid-prepared-via-oxidation-with-a-biomimetic-catalyst
#11
Ritsu Kodama, Kazuto Sazawa, Takafumi Miyamoto, Qianqian Zhu, Mami Igarashi, Kohki Oda, Hideki Kuramitz, Masami Fukushima
Tetrahalobisphenol A (TXPBAs, X = Br or Cl), TBBPA and TCBPA, which are widely used as flame retardants, ultimately disposed of in landfills. In landfills, enzymatically oxidized TXBPAs can be covalently incorporated into humic acids (HAs) to form coupling products (HA-TXBPAs). In the present study, HA-TXBPAs were prepared by catalytic oxidation with iron(III)-phthalocyanine-tetrasulfate as a model of oxidative enzymes. The stability of HA-TXBPAs was evaluated by incubating them under physicochemical conditions of landfills (pH 9 and 50 °C)...
April 4, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652936/does-scale-matter-a-systematic-review-of-incorporating-biological-realism-when-predicting-changes-in-species-distributions
#12
Sydne Record, Angela Strecker, Mao-Ning Tuanmu, Lydia Beaudrot, Phoebe Zarnetske, Jonathan Belmaker, Beth Gerstner
BACKGROUND: There is ample evidence that biotic factors, such as biotic interactions and dispersal capacity, can affect species distributions and influence species' responses to climate change. However, little is known about how these factors affect predictions from species distribution models (SDMs) with respect to spatial grain and extent of the models. OBJECTIVES: Understanding how spatial scale influences the effects of biological processes in SDMs is important because SDMs are one of the primary tools used by conservation biologists to assess biodiversity impacts of climate change...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649735/a-review-of-analytical-procedures-for-the-simultaneous-determination-of-medically-important-veterinary-antibiotics-in-environmental-water-sample-preparation-liquid-chromatography-and-mass-spectrometry
#13
REVIEW
Chansik Kim, Hong-Duck Ryu, Eu Gene Chung, Yongseok Kim, Jae-Kwan Lee
Medically important (MI) antibiotics are defined by the United States Food and Drug Administration as drugs containing certain active antimicrobial ingredients that are used for the treatment of human diseases or enteric pathogens causing food-borne diseases. The presence of MI antibiotic residues in environmental water is a major concern for both aquatic ecosystems and public health, particularly because of their potential to contribute to the development of antimicrobial-resistant microorganisms. In this article, we present a review of global trends in the sales of veterinary MI antibiotics and the analytical methodologies used for the simultaneous determination of antibiotic residues in environmental water...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649272/in-field-and-in-vitro-study-of-the-moss-leptodictyum-riparium-as-bioindicator-of-toxic-metal-pollution-in-the-aquatic-environment-ultrastructural-damage-oxidative-stress-and-hsp70-induction
#14
Sergio Esposito, Stefano Loppi, Fabrizio Monaci, Luca Paoli, Andrea Vannini, Sergio Sorbo, Viviana Maresca, Lina Fusaro, Elham Asadi Karam, Marco Lentini, Alessia De Lillo, Barbara Conte, Piergiorgio Cianciullo, Adriana Basile
This study evaluates the effects of toxic metal pollution in the highly contaminated Sarno River (South Italy), by using the aquatic moss Leptodictyum riparium in bags at 3 representative sites of the river. Biological effects were assessed by metal bioaccumulation, ultrastructural changes, oxidative stress, as Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) production and Glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity, as well as Heat Shock Proteins 70 (HSP70s) induction. The results showed that L. riparium is a valuable bioindicator for toxic metal pollution of water ecosystem, accumulating different amounts of toxic metals from the aquatic environment...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648481/induction-of-chromosomal-aberrations-and-micronuclei-by-2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone-oxybenzone-in-human-lymphocytes
#15
Alfredo Santovito, Stefano Ruberto, Gabriella Galli, Costanza Menghi, Marilena Girotti, Piero Cervella
Oxybenzone or benzophenone-3 (2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone; BP-3) is a filter used in a variety of personal care products for protection of human skin and hair from damage by ultraviolet radiation. BP-3 is suspected to exhibit endocrine disruptive properties. Indeed, it was found to be able to interact with the endocrine system causing alteration of its homeostasis, with consequent adverse health effects. Moreover, it is ubiquitously present in the environment, mostly in aquatic ecosystems, with consequent risks to the health of aquatic organisms and humans...
April 12, 2018: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643213/calcium-isotopes-offer-clues-on-resource-partitioning-among-cretaceous-predatory-dinosaurs
#16
A Hassler, J E Martin, R Amiot, T Tacail, F Arnaud Godet, R Allain, V Balter
Large predators are overabundant in mid-Cretaceous continental dinosaur assemblages of North Africa. Such unbalanced ecosystem structure involves, among predatory dinosaurs, typical abelisaurid or carcharodontosaurid theropods co-occurring with long-snouted spinosaurids of debated ecology. Here, we report calcium (Ca) isotope values from tooth enamel (expressed as δ 44/42 Ca) to investigate resource partitioning in mid-Cretaceous assemblages from Niger (Gadoufaoua) and Morocco (Kem Kem Beds). In both assemblages, spinosaurids display a distinct isotopic signature, the most negative in our dataset...
April 11, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642605/abundances-of-clinically-relevant-antibiotic-resistance-genes-and-bacterial-community-diversity-in-the-weihe-river-china
#17
Xiaojuan Wang, Jie Gu, Hua Gao, Xun Qian, Haichao Li
The spread of antibiotic resistance genes in river systems is an emerging environmental issue due to their potential threat to aquatic ecosystems and public health. In this study, we used droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) to evaluate pollution with clinically relevant antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) at 13 monitoring sites along the main stream of the Weihe River in China. Six clinically relevant ARGs and a class I integron-integrase ( intI1 ) gene were analyzed using ddPCR, and the bacterial community was evaluated based on the bacterial 16S rRNA V3-V4 regions using MiSeq sequencing...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629412/the-life-aquatic-at-the-microscale
#18
Jean-Baptiste Raina
There are more than one million microbial cells in every drop of seawater, and their collective metabolisms not only recycle nutrients that can then be used by larger organisms but also catalyze key chemical transformations that maintain Earth's habitability. Understanding how these microbes interact with each other and with multicellular hosts is critical to reliably quantify any functional aspect of their metabolisms and to predict their outcomes on larger scales. Following a large body of literature pioneered by Farooq Azam and colleagues more than 30 years ago, I emphasize the importance of studying microbial interactions at the appropriate scale if we want to fully decipher the roles that they play in oceanic ecosystems...
March 2018: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628089/effect-of-tio-2-nanoparticle-aggregation-on-marine-microalgae-isochrysis-galbana
#19
Ji Hu, Jianmin Wang, Shuxia Liu, Zhechao Zhang, Haifeng Zhang, Xiaoxia Cai, Jianming Pan, Jingjing Liu
TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) could adversely impact aquatic ecosystems. However, the aggregation of these NPs could attenuate this effect. In this work, the biological effects of TiO2 NPs on a marine microalgae Isochrysis galbana were investigated. The aggregation kinetics of TiO2 NPs under different conditions was also investigated to determine and understand these effects. Results showed that, though TiO2 NPs had no obvious impact on the size and reproducibility of algal cells under testing conditions, they caused a negative effect on algal chlorophyll, which led to a reduction in photosynthesis...
April 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627908/marine-environmental-risk-assessment-and-acute-water-quality-criterion-for-pentachlorophenol-in-coastal-waters
#20
R Beiras, T Tato
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is a organochlorine biocide that, unlike most other organochlorines, is still in use as timber preservative. Its water solubility, high toxicity, bioaccumulation potential, and the concentrations reported in estuarine waters (up to 0.1 µg L-1 ) indicate it may pose a risk in coastal environments. Aquatic environrmental regulations are commonly based on standard freshwater organisms that may not represent the sensitivity of marine species. The present study consists of a water quality criteira reevalutation of PCP in coastal waters based on toxicity tests conducted recording sensitive endpoints of marine species representative of coastal ecosystems, following QA/QC standard procedures...
April 7, 2018: Ecotoxicology
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