keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Association of American Medical Colleges

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334559/sex-differences-in-faculty-rank-among-academic-surgeons-in-the-united-states-in-2014
#1
Daniel M Blumenthal, Regan W Bergmark, Nikhila Raol, Jordan D Bohnen, Jean Anderson Eloy, Stacey T Gray
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate sex differences in full professorship among a comprehensive, contemporary cohort of US academic surgeons. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous work demonstrates that women are less likely than men to be full professors in academic medicine, and in certain surgical subspecialties. Whether sex differences in academic rank exist across all surgical fields, and after adjustment for confounders, is not known. METHODS: A comprehensive list of surgeons with faculty appointments at US medical schools in 2014 was obtained from Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) faculty roster and linked to a comprehensive physician database from Doximity, an online physician networking website, which contained the following data for all physicians: sex, age, years since residency, publication number (total and first/last author), clinical trials participation, National Institutes of Health grants, and surgical subspecialty...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332010/oligogenic-genetic-variation-of-neurodegenerative-disease-genes-in-980-postmortem-human-brains
#2
Michael J Keogh, Wei Wei, Juvid Aryaman, Ian Wilson, Kevin Talbot, Martin R Turner, Chris-Anne McKenzie, Claire Troakes, Johannes Attems, Colin Smith, Safa Al Sarraj, Chris M Morris, Olaf Ansorge, Stuart Pickering-Brown, Nick Jones, James W Ironside, Patrick F Chinnery
BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest that multiple rare genetic variants in genes causing monogenic forms of neurodegenerative disorders interact synergistically to increase disease risk or reduce the age of onset, but these studies have not been validated in large sporadic case series. METHODS: We analysed 980 neuropathologically characterised human brains with Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease-dementia with Lewy bodies (PD-DLB), frontotemporal dementia-amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FTD-ALS) and age-matched controls...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330250/the-intersection-of-national-immigration-and-healthcare-policy
#3
Jeffrey Douaiher, Douglas J Inciarte, Edibaldo Silva
Immigration policy and health care policy remain principal undertakings of the federal government. The two have recently been pursued independently in the judicial and legislative arenas. Unbeknownst to many policymakers, however, national immigration policy and health care policy are linked in ways that, if unattended, could undermine the well-being of a significant portion of the US population, specifically medically underserved rural and urban populations. Using current data from a workforce report of the Association of American Colleges and the published literature, we demonstrate the significant impact that contemporary immigration policy directives may have on the number and distribution of international medical graduates who currently provide-and by the year 2025 will provide-a significant portion of primary health care in the United States, especially in underserved small urban and rural communities...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327120/readmission-and-reoperation-after-midurethral-sling
#4
Erik D Hokenstad, Amy E Glasgow, Elizabeth B Habermann, John A Occhino
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to determine the rate of readmission and reoperation for patients undergoing midurethral sling (MUS) placement for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was queried to identify all isolated MUS placed from 2012 through 2015 using the Current Procedural Terminology 4 (CPT-4) code for MUS with or without cystoscopy (57,288 ± 52,000)...
January 11, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318621/evaluation-of-oscillometric-blood-pressure-monitor-blt-m9000-vet-in-anaesthetised-healthy-adult-dogs
#5
P Zrimšek, J Sredenšek, M Vengušt, A Seliškar
To examine agreement in anaesthetised dogs between invasive blood pressure measurements and measurements obtained with an oscillometric blood pressure monitor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Paired invasive and oscillometric measurements were taken in 24 dogs every 5 minutes during anaesthesia (9 to 37 measurements per dog). Agreement between measurement methods was explored using Bland-Altman plots. To determine the accuracy of the oscillometric measurements, the results were compared with the guidelines recommended by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine and the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314583/novel-mutations-and-phenotypes-of-epilepsy-associated-genes-in-epileptic-encephalopathies
#6
Peng Zhou, Na He, Jing-Wen Zhang, Zhi-Jian Lin, Jie Wang, Li-Min Yan, Heng Meng, Bin Tang, Bing-Mei Li, Xiao-Rong Liu, Yi-Wu Shi, Qiong-Xiang Zhai, Yong-Hong Yi, Wei-Ping Liao
Epileptic encephalopathies are severe epilepsy disorders with strong genetic bases. We performed targeted next-generation sequencing in 70 patients with epileptic encephalopathies. The likely pathogenicity of variants in candidate genes was evaluated by American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) scoring taken together with the accepted clinical presentation. Thirty-three candidate variants were detected after population filtration and computational prediction. According to ACMG, 21 candidate variants, including 18 de novo variants, were assessed to be pathogenic/likely pathogenic with clinical concordance...
January 4, 2018: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306578/utility-of-a-standardized-fourth-year-medical-student-surgical-preparatory-curriculum-program-director-perceptions
#7
Melissa K Stewart, Rebecca C Henry, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, Kyla P Terhune
OBJECTIVE: Each July, surgical interns arrive to residency with variable skills, knowledge, and clinical experience. To standardize and improve intern preparation, the American College of Surgeons (ACS), Association of Program Directors in Surgery, and Association for Surgical Education developed a pilot Resident Prep Curriculum (RPC). To date, no studies have analyzed these efforts. We aimed to discern program director (PD) perceptions of RPC participants as an initial means of analysis...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305290/comparison-of-short-term-complications-after-rotator-cuff-repair-open-versus-arthroscopic
#8
Molly Day, Robert Westermann, Kyle Duchman, Yubo Gao, Andrew Pugely, Matthew Bollier, Brian Wolf
PURPOSE: To define and compare the incidence and risk factors for short-term complications after arthroscopic and open rotator cuff repair (RTCR), and to identify independent risk factors for complications after RTCR. METHODS: All patients who underwent open or arthroscopic RTCR from 2005 to 2013 were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Short-term complications were categorized as surgical, medical, mortality, and unplanned 30-day readmission...
January 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301521/training-the-next-generation-of-physician-researchers-vanderbilt-medical-scholars-program
#9
Abigail M Brown, Teresa M Chipps, Tebeb Gebretsadik, Lorraine B Ware, Jessica Y Islam, Luke R Finck, Joey Barnett, Tina V Hartert
BACKGROUND: As highlighted in recent reports published by the Physician-Scientist Workforce Working Group at the National Institutes of Health, the percentage of physicians conducting research has declined over the past decade. Various programs have been put in place to support and develop current medical student interest in research to alleviate this shortage, including The Vanderbilt University School of Medicine Medical Scholars Program (MSP). This report outlines the long-term program goals and short-term outcomes on career development of MSP alumni, to shed light on the effectiveness of research training programs during undergraduate medical training to inform similar programs in the United States...
January 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300386/modeling-the-acmg-amp-variant-classification-guidelines-as-a-bayesian-classification-framework
#10
Sean V Tavtigian, Marc S Greenblatt, Steven M Harrison, Robert L Nussbaum, Snehit A Prabhu, Kenneth M Boucher, Leslie G Biesecker
PurposeWe evaluated the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics/Association for Molecular Pathology (ACMG/AMP) variant pathogenicity guidelines for internal consistency and compatibility with Bayesian statistical reasoning.MethodsThe ACMG/AMP criteria were translated into a naive Bayesian classifier, assuming four levels of evidence and exponentially scaled odds of pathogenicity. We tested this framework with a range of prior probabilities and odds of pathogenicity.ResultsWe modeled the ACMG/AMP guidelines using biologically plausible assumptions...
January 4, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300372/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-acmg-amp-variant-classification-framework-for-myh7-associated-inherited-cardiomyopathies-recommendations-by-clingen-s-inherited-cardiomyopathy-expert-panel
#11
Melissa A Kelly, Colleen Caleshu, Ana Morales, Jillian Buchan, Zena Wolf, Steven M Harrison, Stuart Cook, Mitchell W Dillon, John Garcia, Eden Haverfield, Jan D H Jongbloed, Daniela Macaya, Arjun Manrai, Kate Orland, Gabriele Richard, Katherine Spoonamore, Matthew Thomas, Kate Thomson, Lisa M Vincent, Roddy Walsh, Hugh Watkins, Nicola Whiffin, Jodie Ingles, J Peter van Tintelen, Christopher Semsarian, James S Ware, Ray Hershberger, Birgit Funke
PurposeIntegrating genomic sequencing in clinical care requires standardization of variant interpretation practices. The Clinical Genome Resource has established expert panels to adapt the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics/Association for Molecular Pathology classification framework for specific genes and diseases. The Cardiomyopathy Expert Panel selected MYH7, a key contributor to inherited cardiomyopathies, as a pilot gene to develop a broadly applicable approach.MethodsExpert revisions were tested with 60 variants using a structured double review by pairs of clinical and diagnostic laboratory experts...
January 4, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300198/addressing-implicit-bias-to-improve-cross-cultural-care
#12
Brenda Pereda, Margaret Montoya
Health disparities cluster around race, ethnicity, education, neighborhoods, and income. Systems of exclusion that correlate with social determinants compound the disproportionate burden of poor health experienced by people of color. By 2056, ~50% of the population is expected to fall into categories currently labeled "under-represented minorities" (URMs), primarily African Americans, Latinxs, and American Indians. Although URMs comprise 30% of the general population, only 9% of medical doctors [Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC)] are URMs...
January 3, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298077/fibromyalgia-with-gabapentin-and-osteopathic-manipulative-medicine-a-pilot-study
#13
Cynthia Marske, Natasha Bernard, Alison Palacios, Cary Wheeler, Ben Preiss, Mackenzie Brown, Saveri Bhattacharya, Gloria Klapstein
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study compares the safety and efficacy of three treatments in reducing pain and improving fibromyalgia symptoms. DESIGN: This study was an 8-week prospective, single center feasibility study. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Forty subjects were recruited from Solano, Sonoma, and Contra Costa counties of California in 2006-2009. Subjects were aged 18-65 and met the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 1990 criteria for fibromyalgia...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288323/impact-of-holistic-review-on-student-interview-pool-diversity
#14
Christina J Grabowski
Diversity in the physician workforce lags behind the rapidly changing US population. Since the gateway to becoming a physician is medical school, diversity must be addressed in the admissions process. The Association of American Medical Colleges has implemented a Holistic Review Initiative aimed at assisting medical schools with broadening admission criteria to include relevant, mission-driven attributes and experiences in addition to academic preparation to identify applicants poised to meet the needs of a diverse patient population...
December 29, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280776/fitness-for-duty-assessments-of-industrial-firefighters-guidance-for-occupational-medicine-physicians
#15
Marianne Dreger, Faiyaz A Bhojani, Luis Castillejo, David Cathcart, Edward M Emmett, Steven Frangos, P Mark Glencross, Chris Herman, Kevin OʼShea, Paul Rountree, David E Turner
: Industrial firefighters share many characteristics with municipal firefighters; however, employers frequently have not addressed or characterized the unique job duties, hazards, and specific physical/mental demands associated with industrial firefighting. In addition, gaps exist in the medical literature with regard to industrial firefighter demographics, behavioral risk factors, and chronic diseases. Finally, the proper methodologies for fitness-for-duty assessment of employees acting in this capacity are lacking...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276242/underutilization-of-aldosterone-antagonists-in-heart-failure
#16
Shanise J Patterson, Anne B Reaves, Elizabeth A Tolley, Dagny Ulrich, Christopher Hilty, Catherine J Clarke, Timothy H Self
Background: Treatment with an aldosterone antagonist (AA) has been shown in multiple trials to reduce heart failure (HF)-related morbidity, mortality, and hospital readmission. American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) and American Heart Association (AHA) treatment guidelines recommend the use of an AA in all HF patients with an ejection fraction ≤35% and no known contraindication. Several studies have documented underuse of AA. Objectives: To determine the proportion of patients who received AA therapy consistent with the ACCF/AHA guidelines...
November 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275030/testosterone-and-cardiovascular-health
#17
REVIEW
Andrew Elagizi, Tobias S Köhler, Carl J Lavie
There is an ongoing debate in the medical community regarding the effects of testosterone on cardiovascular (CV) health. For decades, there has been conflicting evidence regarding the association of endogenous testosterone levels and CV disease (CVD) events that has resulted in much debate and confusion among health care providers and patients alike. Testosterone therapy has become increasingly widespread, and after the emergence of studies that reported increased CVD events in patients receiving testosterone therapy, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released a warning statement about testosterone and its potential risk regarding CV health...
December 20, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273253/elbow-arthroscopy-30-day-postoperative-complication-profile-and-associated-risk-factors
#18
Manish S Noticewala, David P Trofa, Danica D Vance, Charles M Jobin, William N Levine, Christopher S Ahmad
PURPOSE: To analyze (1) the incidence and type of complications after elbow arthroscopy, (2) the incidence of returning to the operating room (OR) after elbow arthroscopy, and (3) patient and risk factors for complications across a national surgical outcome database. METHODS: Patients who underwent elbow arthroscopy from January 2005 through December 2014 were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database by use of Current Procedural Terminology codes...
December 19, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261538/the-current-use-of-united-states-medical-licensing-examination-step-1-scores-holistic-admissions-and-student-well-being-are-in-the-balance
#19
Kevin F Moynahan
United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 scores increasingly are being used by graduate medical education programs to "screen out" applicants to invite for an interview; medical students with scores below a certain (usually unpublished) point are not considered for an interview. Conversely, many students are extended an interview invitation based solely on their Step 1 scores, prior to the release of their Medical Student Performance Evaluation. In this Invited Commentary, the author discusses why this practice has gained popularity as well as the unintended effects it has had in multiple domains--holistic undergraduate medical education admissions practices, student well-being, and medical school curricula...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261184/analysis-of-publicly-available-ldlr-apob-and-pcsk9-variants-associated-with-familial-hypercholesterolemia-application-of-acmg-guidelines-and-implications-for-familial-hypercholesterolemia-diagnosis
#20
Joana Rita Chora, Ana Margarida Medeiros, Ana Catarina Alves, Mafalda Bourbon
PurposeFamilial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal disorder of lipid metabolism presenting with increased cardiovascular risk. Although more than 1,700 variants have been associated with FH, the great majority have not been functionally proved to affect the low-density lipoprotein receptor cycle. We aimed to classify all described variants associated with FH and to establish the proportion of variants that lack evidence to support their pathogenicity.MethodsWe followed American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) guidelines for the classification, and collected information from a variety of databases and individual reports...
October 26, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
keyword
keyword
46156
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"