keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Association of American Medical Colleges

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936143/assessment-of-readiness-of-academic-emergency-departments-in-the-central-region-of-saudi-arabia-to-receive-a-sick-child
#1
Fahad Saleh Alhajjaj, Abdullah Saleh Aldamigh
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the readiness of general emergency departments (EDs) in academic hospitals in the central region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) to manage pediatric patients using an international tool: The American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Emergency Physicians, and Emergency Nurses Association guidelines, which include facilities, personnel, safety, and other components. METHODS: We assessed eligible centers during multiple visits from January 2016 to May 2016 in which we inspected the EDs and conducted interviews with their respective leadership in which we independently recorded our observations...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930761/factors-associated-with-medical-school-graduates-intention-to-work-with-underserved-populations-policy-implications-for-advancing-workforce-diversity
#2
Andrea N Garcia, Tony Kuo, Lisa Arangua, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable
PURPOSE: Given projected U.S. physician shortages across all specialties that will likely impact underserved areas disproportionately, the authors sought to explore factors most correlated with medical school graduates' intention to work with underserved populations (IWUP). METHOD: Data from the 2010-2012 Association of American Medical Colleges Medical School Graduation Questionnaire (n = 40,846) were analyzed. Variables (demographics, career preference, debt burden, intention to enter loan forgiveness programs) were examined using chi-square tests and logistic regression models...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929625/association-of-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-incident-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-women
#3
Andrea L Roberts, Susan Malspeis, Laura D Kubzansky, Candace H Feldman, Shun-Chiao Chang, Karestan C Koenen, Karen H Costenbader
OBJECTIVE: To conduct the first longitudinal study examining whether trauma exposure and PTSD are associated with increased risk of incident SLE in a civilian cohort. METHODS: We examined the association of trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms with SLE incidence over 24 years of follow-up in a U.S. longitudinal cohort of women (N=54,763). Incident SLE with ≥4 American College of Rheumatology criteria was ascertained by self-report and confirmed by medical record review...
September 20, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919221/ten-year-projections-for-us-residency-positions-will-there-be-enough-positions-to-accommodate-the-growing-number-of-u-s-medical-school-graduates
#4
Sarah Hayek, Samantha Lane, Marcus Fluck, Marie Hunsinger, Joseph Blansfield, Mohsen Shabahang
OBJECTIVE: Recently, a multitude of new U.S. medical schools have been established and existing medical schools have expanded their enrollments. The National Residency Match Program (NRMP) reports that in 2016 there were 23,339 categorical residency positions offered in the match and 26,836 overall applicants with 17,789 (66.29%) of the total candidates being U.S. allopathic graduates. In view of the rapid growth of medical school graduates, the aim of this study is to determine if current trends suggest a shortage of residency positions within the next ten years...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918391/genetic-polymorphisms-associated-with-the-risk-of-concussion-in-1056-college-athletes-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Thomas Roland Terrell, Ruth Abramson, Jeffery T Barth, Ellen Bennett, Robert C Cantu, Richard Sloane, Daniel T Laskowitz, David M Erlanger, Douglas McKeag, Gregory Nichols, Verle Valentine, Leslie Galloway
BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the association of genetic polymorphisms APOE, APOE G-219T promoter, microtubule associated protein(MAPT)/tau exon 6 Ser(53)Pro, MAPT/tau Hist(47)Tyr, IL-6572 G/C and IL-6R(Asp)358(Ala) with the risk of concussion in college athletes. METHODS: A 23-centre prospective cohort study of 1056 college athletes with genotyping was completed between August 2003 and December 2012. All athletes completed baseline medical and concussion questionnaires, and post-concussion data were collected for athletes with a documented concussion...
September 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916548/do-comorbidities-play-a-role-in-hand-osteoarthritis-disease-burden-data-from-the-hand-osteoarthritis-in-secondary-care-cohort
#6
Wendy Damman, Rani Liu, Féline P B Kroon, Monique Reijnierse, Tom W J Huizinga, Frits R Rosendaal, Margreet Kloppenburg
OBJECTIVE: Because the association and its clinical relevance between comorbidities and primary hand osteoarthritis (OA) disease burden is unclear, we studied this in patients with hand OA from our Hand OSTeoArthritis in Secondary care (HOSTAS) cohort. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the HOSTAS study were used, including consecutive patients with primary hand OA. Nineteen comorbidities were assessed: 18 self-reported (modified Charlson index and osteoporosis) and obesity (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m(2))...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912201/race-and-socioeconomic-differences-associated-with-changes-in-statin-eligibility-under-the-2013-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-cholesterol-guidelines
#7
Amol A Verma, Marcia P Jimenez, S V Subramanian, Allan D Sniderman, Fahad Razak
BACKGROUND: The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines expanded eligibility criteria for statins. We examined race and socioeconomic differences associated with these changes. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was an observational study of adults between 40 and 75 years of age using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys between 2005 and 2012. Change in eligibility for statins was assessed based on the third adult treatment panel criteria and the 2013 ACC/AHA guidelines...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906262/characteristics-of-interim-deans-at-u-s-medical-schools-implications-for-institutions-and-individuals
#8
Sarah A Bunton, Pamela Sass, Rae Anne Sloane, R Kevin Grigsby
PURPOSE: To provide a baseline, descriptive understanding of individuals serving as interim deans at U.S. medical schools. Over the past quarter century, roughly 9% to 16% of all medical school deans were serving as interim leaders. This research reviews demographic characteristics, how long they served, and the impact of having served on one's likelihood of serving as a permanent dean. METHOD: The Association of American Medical Colleges' Council of Deans national database was the data source for this study...
September 12, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894673/defining-the-association-between-diabetes-and-plastic-surgery-outcomes-an-analysis-of-nearly-40-000-patients
#9
David Goltsman, Kerry A Morrison, Jeffrey A Ascherman
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is an increasingly prevalent comorbidity in patients presenting for surgery, impacting nearly 14% of adults in the United States. Although it is known that diabetic patients are at an increased risk for postoperative complications, there is a paucity of literature on the specific ramifications of diabetes on different surgical procedures. METHODS: Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program dataset, demographics, outcomes, and length of in-patient hospitalization were examined for patients who underwent plastic surgery between 2007 and 2012...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892720/physicians-in-training-are-not-prepared-to-prescribe-medical-marijuana
#10
Anastasia B Evanoff, Tiffany Quan, Carolyn Dufault, Michael Awad, Laura Jean Bierut
BACKGROUND: While medical marijuana use is legal in more than half of U.S. states, evidence is limited about the preparation of physicians-in-training to prescribe medical marijuana. We asked whether current medical school and graduate medical educational training prepare physicians to prescribe medical marijuana. METHODS: We conducted a national survey of U.S. medical school curriculum deans, a similar survey of residents and fellows at Washington University in St...
September 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891828/poor-performance-on-a-preoperative-cognitive-screening-test-predicts-postoperative-complications-in-older-orthopedic-surgical-patients
#11
Deborah J Culley, Devon Flaherty, Margaret C Fahey, James L Rudolph, Houman Javedan, Chuan-Chin Huang, John Wright, Angela M Bader, Bradley T Hyman, Deborah Blacker, Gregory Crosby
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons and the American Geriatrics Society have suggested that preoperative cognitive screening should be performed in older surgical patients. We hypothesized that unrecognized cognitive impairment in patients without a history of dementia is a risk factor for development of postoperative complications. METHODS: We enrolled 211 patients 65 yr of age or older without a diagnosis of dementia who were scheduled for an elective hip or knee replacement...
September 8, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889058/the-relationship-between-family-based-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-substance-use-behaviors-among-a-diverse-sample-of-college-students
#12
Myriam Forster, Timothy J Grigsby, Christopher J Rogers, Stephanie M Benjamin
INTRODUCTION: Research suggests that college students are an especially vulnerable subset of the population for substance use and misuse. However, despite evidence of the high prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) among students and the link between family-based ACE and substance use among older adults, this relationship remains understudied in college populations. Moreover, whether ACE represents a shared risk across substance use behaviors and ethnic groups is unknown. METHODS: Data are student responses (n=2953) on the 2015 American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA II) administered at one of the largest, most diverse public universities in California...
September 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882492/assessing-the-effort-associated-with-teaching-residents
#13
Kelli R Aibel, Tracy Truong, Ronnie L Shammas, Eugenia H Cho, Kate J Buretta, Gina-Maria Pomann, Scott T Hollenbeck
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative resident education is an integral mission of academic medical centers and serves as the basis for training the next generation of surgeons. The actual effort associated with teaching residents is unknown as it pertains to additional operative time. Using a large validated multi-institutional dataset, this study aims to quantify the effect of having a resident present in common plastic surgery procedures on operative time. Future directions for developing standardized methods to record and report teaching time are proposed, which can help inform prospective studies...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876996/veterinary-curriculum-transformation-at-the-university-of-illinois-2006-2016
#14
Jonathan H Foreman, Dawn E Morin, Thomas K Graves, Mark A Mitchell, Federico A Zuckermann, Herbert E Whiteley
The organization and delivery of a curriculum is the responsibility of the faculty in educational institutions. Curricular revision is often a hotly debated topic in any college faculty. At the University of Illinois, a 2006 mandate for curriculum modernization from the American Veterinary Medical Association Council on Education provided impetus for a long-discussed curricular revision. After two iterations and a lengthy development process, a new curriculum was gradually implemented at Illinois with the August 2009 matriculation of the Class of 2013...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876985/curriculum-review-and-revision-at-the-university-of-minnesota-college-of-veterinary-medicine
#15
Margaret V Root Kustritz, Laura K Molgaard, Erin Malone
Curriculum review is an essential part of ongoing curriculum development, and is a mandate of the American Veterinary Medical Association Council on Education (AVMA COE), the accrediting body of all North American schools and colleges of veterinary medicine. This article describes the steps in curriculum review undertaken by the University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine (UMN CVM) in response to this mandate from the COE and to a recommendation from a recent collegiate review that was part of a larger university-level strategic planning effort...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873411/preoperative-asymptomatic-leukocytosis-and-postoperative-outcome-in-cardiac-surgery-patients
#16
Eitezaz Mahmood, Ziyad O Knio, Feroze Mahmood, Rabia Amir, Sajid Shahul, Bilal Mahmood, Yanick Baribeau, Ariel Mueller, Robina Matyal
BACKGROUND: Despite showing a prognostic value in general surgical patients, preoperative asymptomatic elevated white blood cell (WBC) count is not considered a risk factor for cardiac surgery. Whereas there is sporadic evidence of its value as a preoperative risk marker, it has not been looked at methodically as a specific index of outcome during cardiac surgery. Using a national database we sought to determine the relationship between preoperative WBC count and postoperative outcome in cardiac surgical patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870742/the-effect-of-smoking-on-thirty-day-postoperative-complications-after-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#17
Shawn Sahota, Francis Lovecchio, Ryan E Harold, Matthew D Beal, David W Manning
BACKGROUND: Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is a highly successful treatment, but is burdensome to the national healthcare budget. National quality initiatives seek to reduce costly complications. Smoking's role in perioperative complication after TJA is less well known. This study aims to identify smoking's independent contribution to the risk of short-term complication after TJA. METHODS: All patients undergoing primary TJA between 2011 and 2012 were selected from the American College of Surgeon's National Surgical Quality Improvement Program's database...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870711/the-economics-of-academic-advancement-within-surgery
#18
Maria Baimas-George, Brian Fleischer, James R Korndorffer, Douglas Slakey, Christopher DuCoin
BACKGROUND: The success of an academic surgeon's career is often viewed as directly related to academic appointment; therefore, the sequence of promotion is a demanding, rigorous process. This paper seeks to define the financial implication of academic advancement across different surgical subspecialties. STUDY DESIGN: Data was collected from the Association of American Medical College's 2015 report of average annual salaries. Assumptions included 30 years of practice, 5 years as assistant professor, and 10 years as associate professor before advancement...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867431/race-and-postoperative-complications-following-urologic-cancer-surgery-an-acs-nsqip-analysis
#19
Daniel C Parker, Elizabeth Handorf, Marc C Smaldone, Robert G Uzzo, Henry Pitt, Adam C Reese
PURPOSE: Racial disparities in complication rates have been demonstrated for a variety of surgical procedures. We hypothesized that African American (AA) patients experience higher postoperative complication rates than whites following urologic oncology procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients in American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program who underwent radical prostatectomy (RP), radical or partial nephrectomy (RN/PN), and radical cystectomy (RC) between 2005 and 2013 were included...
August 31, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857797/a-comparison-of-3-frailty-indices-in-predicting-morbidity-and-mortality-after-on-pump-aortic-valve-replacement
#20
Gary Esses, Evie Andreopoulos, Hung-Mo Lin, Shipra Arya, Stacie Deiner
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve replacement is a high-risk surgery (3%-5%, 30-day mortality) performed on approximately 30,000 elderly patients a year in the United States. Currently, preoperative risk assessment is based on a composite of medical examination and a subjective evaluation for frailty ("eyeball test"). Objective frailty assessment using validated indices has the potential to improve risk stratification. The purpose of this study was to (1) establish whether frailty can predict 30-day mortality and composite morbidity in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement and (2) compare the predictive ability of 3 frailty indices in this population...
August 29, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
keyword
keyword
46156
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"