keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Overcrowding

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722612/the-epidemiology-of-scabies-and-impetigo-in-relation-to-demographic-and-residential-characteristics-baseline-findings-from-the-skin-health-intervention-fiji-trial
#1
Lucia Romani, Margot J Whitfeld, Josefa Koroivueta, Mike Kama, Handan Wand, Lisi Tikoduadua, Meciusela Tuicakau, Aminiasi Koroi, Raijieli Ritova, Ross Andrews, John M Kaldor, Andrew C Steer
Scabies and associated impetigo are under-recognised causes of morbidity in many developing countries. To strengthen the evidence base for scabies control we undertook a trial of mass treatment for scabies. We report on the occurrence and predictors of scabies and impetigo in participants at baseline. Participants were recruited in six island communities and were examined for the presence of scabies and impetigo. In addition to descriptive analyses, logistic regression models were fit to assess the association between demographic variables and outcome of interest...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709487/factors-affecting-applicability-of-home-based-interventional-model-for-active-case-finding-among-household-contacts-of-index-cases-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-kashmir
#2
Ghulam Hassan Khatana, Muneer Masoodi, Mariya Amin
BACKGROUND: There are various biological, behavioural and social determinants associated with the epidemiology of pulmonary tuberculosis (P-TB) which have been extensively described in literature. Present study was conducted to know the influence of such factors on the "home-based interventional model" for active case finding among household contacts of index P-TB cases. METHODS: In a quasi-randomized controlled interventional study, the "home-based interventional model" for active case finding was applied to index P-TB cases and their household contacts of interventional group of study subjects...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705743/the-influence-of-crowding-on-clinical-practice-in-the-emergency-department
#3
I-Min Chiu, Yan-Ren Lin, Yuan-Jhen Syue, Chia-Te Kung, Kuan-Han Wu, Chao-Jui Li
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to clarify the association between the crowding and clinical practice in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: This 1-year retrospective cohort study conducted in two EDs in Taiwan included 70,222 adult non-trauma visits during the day shift between July 1, 2011, and June 30, 2012. The ED occupancy status, determined by the number of patients staying during their time of visit, was used to measure crowding, grouped into four quartiles, and analyzed in reference to the clinical practice...
July 4, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701438/community-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-infection-literature-review-and-clinical-update
#4
REVIEW
Kassandra Loewen, Yoko Schreiber, Mike Kirlew, Natalie Bocking, Len Kelly
OBJECTIVE: To provide information on the prevalence and treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections and the distinction between community-associated MRSA and health care-associated MRSA. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: The MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched from 2005 to 2016. Epidemiologic studies were summarized and the relevant treatment literature was based on level I evidence. MAIN MESSAGE: The incidence of community-associated MRSA infection is rising...
July 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697372/history-politics-and-vulnerability-explaining-excess-mortality-in-scotland-and-glasgow
#5
D Walsh, G McCartney, C Collins, M Taulbut, G David Batty
OBJECTIVES: High levels of excess mortality (i.e. that not explained by deprivation) have been observed for Scotland compared with England & Wales, and especially for Glasgow in comparison with similar post-industrial cities such as Liverpool and Manchester. Many potential explanations have been suggested. Based on an assessment of these, the aim was to develop an understanding of the most likely underlying causes. Note that this paper distils a larger research report, with the aim of reaching wider audiences beyond Scotland, as the important lessons learnt are relevant to other populations...
July 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695762/a-review-on-the-performance-of-osteoporosis-self-assessment-tool-for-asians-in-determining-osteoporosis-and-fracture-risk
#6
Kok-Yong Chin
The prevalence of osteoporosis in Asian countries is growing. An effective screening method will enable patients at risk for osteoporosis to receive early diagnosis and treatment, and avoid overcrowding the limited dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) machines available in Asian countries. Many simple osteoporosis screening algorithms have been developed but they are not validated for use in Asian populations. Osteoporosis self-assessment tools for Asians (OSTA), established using a multinational Asian cohort, is the first screening algorithm that caters for the Asian populations...
July 11, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695620/correlated-response-in-litter-size-components-in-rabbits-selected-for-litter-size-variability
#7
M J Argente, E W Calle, M L García, A Blasco
A divergent selection experiment for the environmental variability of litter size (Ve) over seven generations was carried out in rabbits at the University Miguel Hernández of Elche. The Ve was estimated as the phenotypic variance within the female, after correcting for year-season and parity-lactation status. The aim of this study was to analyse the correlated responses to selection in litter size components. The ovulation rate (OR) and number of implanted embryos (IE) in females were measured by laparoscopy at 12 day of the second gestation...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Zeitschrift Für Tierzüchtung und Züchtungsbiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688771/optimal-measurement-interval-for-emergency-department-crowding-estimation-tools
#8
Hao Wang, Rohit P Ojha, Richard D Robinson, Bradford E Jackson, Sajid A Shaikh, Chad D Cowden, Rath Shyamanand, JoAnna Leuck, Chet D Schrader, Nestor R Zenarosa
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Emergency department (ED) crowding is a barrier to timely care. Several crowding estimation tools have been developed to facilitate early identification of and intervention for crowding. Nevertheless, the ideal frequency is unclear for measuring ED crowding by using these tools. Short intervals may be resource intensive, whereas long ones may not be suitable for early identification. Therefore, we aim to assess whether outcomes vary by measurement interval for 4 crowding estimation tools...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685035/initiating-a-participatory-action-research-process-in-the-agincourt-health-and-socio-demographic-surveillance-site
#9
Oghenebrume Wariri, Lucia D'Ambruoso, Rhian Twine, Sizzy Ngobeni, Maria van der Merwe, Barry Spies, Kathleen Kahn, Stephen Tollman, Ryan G Wagner, Peter Byass
BACKGROUND: Despite progressive health policy, disease burdens in South Africa remain patterned by deeply entrenched social inequalities. Accounting for the relationships between context, health and risk can provide important information for equitable service delivery. The aims of the research were to initiate a participatory research process with communities in a low income setting and produce evidence of practical relevance. METHODS: We initiated a participatory action research (PAR) process in the Agincourt health and socio-demographic surveillance site (HDSS) in rural north-east South Africa...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680659/proteomic-profiling-of-archaeological-human-bone
#10
Rikai Sawafuji, Enrico Cappellini, Tomohito Nagaoka, Anna K Fotakis, Rosa Rakownikow Jersie-Christensen, Jesper V Olsen, Kazuaki Hirata, Shintaroh Ueda
Ancient protein analysis provides clues to human life and diseases from ancient times. Here, we performed shotgun proteomics of human archeological bones for the first time, using rib bones from the Hitotsubashi site (AD 1657-1683) in Tokyo, called Edo in ancient times. The output data obtained were analysed using Gene Ontology and label-free quantification. We detected leucocyte-derived proteins, possibly originating from the bone marrow of the rib. Particularly prevalent and relatively high expression of eosinophil peroxidase suggests the influence of infectious diseases...
June 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676415/emergency-department-flow-measures-for-adult-and-pediatric-patients-in-british-columbia-and-ontario-a-retrospective-repeated-cross-sectional-study
#11
Gregory Georgio, Astrid Guttmann, Quynh H Doan
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests emergency department (ED) overcrowding is associated with poor health outcomes. Children comprise 20-25% of general ED visits, yet few studies have examined the differential impact of ED overcrowding on pediatric and adult populations. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to compare flow measures, such as wait time to see a physician, length of stay (LOS), and rate of patients leaving without being seen by a physician (LWBS) between adults and children in British Columbia and Ontario, clustered by province, and then stratified by acuity level during the study period...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676296/contributing-factors-of-frequent-use-of-the-emergency-department-a-synthesis
#12
REVIEW
Timothy R Burns
INTRODUCTION: Overcrowding in emergency departments is an issue that has a negative impact worldwide. As attendance in emergency departments has increased, the ability to provide critical services to patients suffering from actual medical emergencies in a timely manner has decreased as these departments are many times at or over capacity. One patient population whose negative influence has been researched with regard to their impact on the overcrowding issue is that of the frequent user...
July 1, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658814/occupation-hazards-pattern-awareness-and-preventive-measures-among-welders-from-an-unorganized-sector-in-india
#13
Nitin Joseph, Varun Venkatesh, S K Akash, Saurish Hegde, Errol Moras, Nikhilgovind P Shenoy
INTRODUCTION: Welding is an occupation associated with tremendous physical and chemical hazards. In spite of the risk involved, usage of Personal Protective Gears (PPGs) among welders in developing countries has been reported to be poor, due to their limited awareness of occupational hazards. AIM: To assess morbidity pattern, awareness of occupational hazards and usage practices of protective gears among welders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study was conducted at welding sites from unorganized sector situated in and around Mangalore...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657250/hearing-voices-lessons-from-the-history-of-psychiatry-in-ireland
#14
B D Kelly
The history of psychiatry is a history of therapeutic enthusiasm, with all of the triumph and tragedy, hubris and humility that such enthusiasm brings. During the 1800s and early 1900s, Ireland-s public asylums were routinely overcrowded, unhygienic and, quite commonly, fatal. The asylums became all-too-convenient options for a society with an apparently insatiable hunger for institutions, incarceration and control. The emergence of clinical professionals, both medical and nursing, was inevitably a factor in this complex mix, but the effects of any search for professional prestige were dwarfed by asylum doctors' clear outrage at what the asylum system became...
March 10, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641078/signal-dimensionality-and-the-emergence-of-combinatorial-structure
#15
Hannah Little, Kerem Eryılmaz, Bart de Boer
In language, a small number of meaningless building blocks can be combined into an unlimited set of meaningful utterances. This is known as combinatorial structure. One hypothesis for the initial emergence of combinatorial structure in language is that recombining elements of signals solves the problem of overcrowding in a signal space. Another hypothesis is that iconicity may impede the emergence of combinatorial structure. However, how these two hypotheses relate to each other is not often discussed. In this paper, we explore how signal space dimensionality relates to both overcrowding in the signal space and iconicity...
June 19, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630768/plastic-surgery-inclusion-in-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-perception-challenges-and-career-choice-a-comparative-study
#16
M Farid, R Vaughan, S Thomas
OBJECTIVE: The undergraduate medical curriculum has been overcrowded with core learning outcomes with no formal exposure to plastic surgery. The aim of this study was to compare medical students from two educational settings for the basic understanding, preferred learning method, and factors influencing a career choice in plastic surgery. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective cohort study based on a web-based anonymous questionnaire sent to final year medical students at Birmingham University (United Kingdom), McGill University (Canada), and a control group (non-medical staff)...
2017: Plastic Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628448/case-control-study-of-risk-factors-for-meningococcal-disease-in-chile
#17
Andrea Olea, Isabel Matute, Claudia González, Iris Delgado, Lucy Poffald, Elena Pedroni, Tania Alfaro, Macarena Hirmas, Manuel Nájera, Ana Gormaz, Darío López, Sergio Loayza, Catterina Ferreccio, Doris Gallegos, Rodrigo Fuentes, Pablo Vial, Ximena Aguilera
An outbreak of meningococcal disease with a case-fatality rate of 30% and caused by predominantly serogroup W of Neisseria meningitidis began in Chile in 2012. This outbreak required a case-control study to assess determinants and risk factors for infection. We identified confirmed cases during January 2012-March 2013 and selected controls by random sampling of the population, matched for age and sex, resulting in 135 case-patients and 618 controls. Sociodemographic variables, habits, and previous illnesses were studied...
July 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628318/third-generation-light-driven-symmetric-molecular-motors
#18
Jos C M Kistemaker, Peter Štacko, Diederik Roke, Alexander T Wolters, G Henrieke Heideman, Mu-Chieh Chang, Pieter van der Meulen, Johan Visser, Edwin Otten, Ben L Feringa
Symmetric molecular motors based on two overcrowded alkenes with a notable absence of a stereogenic center show potential to function as novel mechanical systems in the development of more advanced nanomachines offering controlled motion over surfaces. Elucidation of the key parameters and limitations of these third-generation motors is essential for the design of optimized molecular machines based on light-driven rotary motion. Herein we demonstrate the thermal and photochemical rotational behavior of a series of third-generation light-driven molecular motors...
July 5, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624270/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-navigator-role-to-improve-emergency-department-throughput
#19
Paul Fulbrook, Melanie Jessup, Frances Kinnear
BACKGROUND: Emergency department overcrowding impacts patients, staff, and quality of care, and there is government pressure to optimize throughput and reduce waiting times. One solution for improving patient flow is the emerging 'navigator' role: a nurse that supports staff in care delivery; facilitating efficient and timely patient movement through the emergency department. METHODS: A 20-week project was implemented to evaluate an emergency department nurse navigator role...
June 14, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622990/displacement-effects-of-heavy-human-use-on-coral-reef-predators-within-the-molokini-marine-life-conservation-district
#20
Alexander Filous, Alan M Friedlander, Haruko Koike, Marc Lammers, Adam Wong, Kristy Stone, Russell T Sparks
The impact of marine ecotourism on reef predators is poorly understood and there is growing concern that overcrowding in Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) may disturb the species that these areas were established to protect. To improve our understanding of this issue, we used acoustic telemetry to examine the relationship between human activity at the Molokini Marine Life Conservation District (MLCD) and the habitat use of five reef-associated predators (Caranx melampygus, Caranx ignobilis, Triaenodon obesus, Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos, and Aprion virscens)...
June 13, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
keyword
keyword
4615
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"