keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Overcrowding

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941561/the-global-burden-of-scabies-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#1
Chante Karimkhani, Danny V Colombara, Aaron M Drucker, Scott A Norton, Roderick Hay, Daniel Engelman, Andrew Steer, Margot Whitfeld, Mohsen Naghavi, Robert P Dellavalle
BACKGROUND: Numerous population-based studies have documented high prevalence of scabies in overcrowded settings, particularly among children and in tropical regions. We provide an estimate of the global burden of scabies using data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2015. METHODS: We identified scabies epidemiological data sources from an extensive literature search and hospital insurance data and analysed data sources with a Bayesian meta-regression modelling tool, DisMod-MR 2·1, to yield prevalence estimates...
September 20, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926343/the-impact-of-stress-on-social-behavior-in-adult-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#2
Shannon M Saszik, Conor M Smith
Stress has adverse effects on social behavior that is mediated by dopamine circuits in the midbrain. The purpose of this research is to examine the effect of chronic stress and dopamine signals on social behavior in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Chronic stress was induced chemically with low dosage of ethanol (0.25% for 5 days), and psychosocially with isolation (3-5 days) or overcrowding (5 days). Dopamine activity was decreased by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) exposure. Social behavior was observed by introducing one treated zebrafish to a group of four control zebrafish and measuring the nearest neighbor distance (NND)...
September 18, 2017: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925912/epidemiologic-features-of-invasive-group-a-streptococcus-infection-in-a-rural-hospital-6-year-retrospective-report-and-literature-review
#3
Kassandra Loewen, Natalie Bocking, Cai-Lei Matsumoto, Mike Kirlew, Len Kelly
INTRODUCTION: High rates of invasive group A Streptococcus disease were suspected by clinicians in northwestern Ontario. Patients with sepsis were being encountered with bacteremia positive for group A Streptococcus. This study was designed to assess the incidence of invasive group A Streptococcus infection in the region and provide best-practice treatment information. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review at the Sioux Lookout Meno Ya Win Health Centre (SLMHC) from 2009 to 2014 to examine rates of infection due to invasive group A Streptococcus and outcomes...
2017: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924304/nedocs-vs-subjective-evaluation-%C3%A2-is-the-health-personnel-of-the-emergency-department-aware-of-its-overcrowding
#4
Mauricio Garcia-Romero, Claudia Geraldine Rita-Gáfaro, Jairo Quintero-Manzano, Anderson Bermon Angarita
INTRODUCTION: An emergency department (ED) is considered to be "overcrowded" when the number of patients exceeds its treatment capacity and it does not have the conditions to meet the needs of the next patient to be treated. This study evaluates overcrowding in the emergency department of a hospital in Colombia. OBJECTIVE: To compare the objective NEDOCS scale with a subjective evaluation by ED health staff in order to evaluate the differences between the two. METHODS: The NEDOCS scale was applied and a subjective overcrowding survey was administered to the medical staff and the charge nurse on duty 6 times per day (6:00 a...
June 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924282/overcrowding-and-possible-solutions-for-a-busy-paediatric-emergency-department
#5
Muhammad Irfan Habib, Khalid Mehmood Khan
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the extent of emergency department overcrowding in a tertiary care hospital and to identify possible solutions. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the National Institute of Child Health, Karachi, and comprised data of all patients presenting to the emergency department from November 2014 to January 2015. Data was collected through the health management information system which generates daily report of patients. Patients who stayed at the emergency department for 4 or more hours were included...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911267/the-behavioral-and-molecular-evaluation-of-effects-of-social-instability-stress-as-a-model-of-stress-related-disorders-in-adult-female-rats
#6
Marta Maria Nowacka-Chmielewska, Daniela Kasprowska-Liśkiewicz, Jarosław Jerzy Barski, Ewa Obuchowicz, Andrzej Małecki
The study aimed to test the hypotheses that chronic social instability stress (CSIS) alters behavioral and physiological parameters and expression of selected genes important for stress response and social behaviors. Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to the 4-week CSIS procedure, which involves unpredictable rotation between phases of isolation and overcrowding. Behavioral analyses (Experiment 1) were performed on the same rats before and after CSIS (n = 16) and physiological and biochemical measurements (Experiment 2) were made on further control (CON; n = 7) and stressed groups (CSIS; n = 8)...
September 15, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898330/-analysis-of-crowding-in-an-adult-emergency-department-of-a-tertiary-university-hospital
#7
Diego Hernán Giunta, Ana Soledad Pedretti, Cristina María Elizondo, María Florencia Grande Ratti, Fernán González Bernaldo de Quiros, Gabriel Darío Waisman, Hector José Peroni, Bernardo Martínez
BACKGROUND: Crowding in Emergency Departments (ED), results from the imbalance between the simultaneous demand for health care and the ability of the system to respond. The NEDOCS scale (National Emergency Department Crowding Scale) measures the degree of crowding in an ED. AIM: To describe ED Crowding characteristics, using the NEDOCS scale, in an Argentinean hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted with all adult patient consultations between July 2013 and July 2014 at the ED of Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires...
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870249/improving-emergency-department-radiology-transportation-time-a-successful-implementation-of-lean-methodology
#8
Eveline A Hitti, Ghada R El-Eid, Hani Tamim, Rana Saleh, Miriam Saliba, Lena Naffaa
BACKGROUND: Emergency Department overcrowding has become a global problem and a growing safety and quality concern. Radiology and laboratory turnaround time, ED boarding and increased ED visits are some of the factors that contribute to ED overcrowding. Lean methods have been used in the ED to address multiple flow challenges from improving door-to-doctor time to reducing length of stay. The objective of this study is to determine the effectiveness of using Lean management methods on improving Emergency Department transportation times for plain radiography...
September 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857953/integrating-substance-use-content-in-an-overcrowded-nursing-curriculum
#9
Deborah S Finnell, Christine L Savage, Bryan R Hansen, Michael Sanchez, Kathleen M White, J Aaron Johnson, J Paul Seale
Various factors have compelled nurse educators to address the lack of substance use-related content in nursing curriculum. Initiatives to add this content are often met with resistance because of an already crowded curriculum. This article describes a 4-phase process that guided the integration of this specialty content into a prelicensure nursing curriculum and a master's level advanced practice nursing curriculum. Lessons learned and recommendations from those experiences are provided to guide nurse educators undertaking similar efforts...
August 29, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855774/studying-the-variability-in-patient-inflow-and-staffing-trends-on-sundays-versus-other-days-in-the-academic-emergency-department
#10
K T Madavan Nambiar, Nisanth Menon Nedungalaparambil, Ottapura Prabhakaran Aslesh
BACKGROUND: Resource limitation, staff deficiency, and variability in patient inflow contribute to emergency department (ED) overcrowding, associated with delayed care, poor care, and poor patient outcomes. This study seeks to describe and analyze patient inflow variability and staffing trends on Sundays versus other days in a tertiary academic ED from South India. METHODS: Patient inflow and staffing data for 2 years were collected from hospital records, cross-checked, and statistically analyzed using Epi Info 7...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837501/social-identity-and-the-prison-health-worker-implications-for-practitioner-satisfaction-and-turnover-intentions
#11
Amber L Stephenson, Nicolette Bell
BACKGROUND: Delivering health care within the prison walls poses distinct and arduous challenges to the practitioner. Correctional health workers regularly face issues of overcrowding, increased prevalence of infectious disease, advancing age, deteriorating conditions, and patients with an inclination for violence. Still, regardless of the sizeable workforce, costs, and impact on community well-being, correctional health is often overlooked in health services delivery research. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to better understand the unique nature of delivering services in the prison context through the lens of social identity theory and further explore practitioner satisfaction and retention...
August 23, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836397/stochastic-cell-fate-and-longevity-of-offspring
#12
Faezeh Dorri, Hamid Pezeshk, Mehdi Sadeghi
OBJECTIVE: Cellular decision-making is a key process in which cells with similar geneticand environmental background make dissimilar decisions. This stochastic process, which happens in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells including stem cells, causes cellular diversity and phenotypic variation. In addition, fitness predicts and describes changes in the genetic composition of populations throughout the evolutionary history. Fitness may thus be defined as the ability to adapt and produce surviving offspring...
October 2017: Cell Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834070/patient-navigation-for-patients-frequently-visiting-the-emergency-department-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
David Seaberg, Stanton Elseroad, Michael Dumas, Sudave Mendiratta, Jessica Whittle, Cheryl Hyatte, Jan Keys
BACKGROUND: ED super-utilizers (patients with 5 or more visits/year) comprise only 5% of the patients seen yet comprise 25% of total ED visits. Though the reasons for this are multifactorial, the cost to the patient and the community is exceedingly high. The cost is not just monetary; care of these patients is inappropriately fragmented and their presence in the ED may contribute to overcrowding affecting the community's emergency readiness. Previous studies using staff trained to help patients navigate their care options have had conflicting results...
August 21, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833930/analyses-of-complex-mixtures-by-f1-homo-decoupled-diagonal-suppressed-total-correlation-spectroscopy
#14
Bikash Baishya, Ajay Verma, Rashmi Parihar, Subrato Bhattacharya
A diagonal suppressed F1 decoupled TOCSY experiment is developed for analyses of complex mixtures. In 2D homonuclear correlation, assignment of the cross peaks are crucial for structure elucidation. However, when cross peaks are close to the diagonal peaks in overcrowded spectral regions, their assignment becomes tedious. In complex mixture, the presence of multiple spectra along with broad and complex proton multiplets due to homonuclear scalar couplings degrade resolution to the extent that assignment of various cross peaks becomes tedious or impossible...
August 19, 2017: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831870/the-nurses-who-risk-their-safety
#15
Erin Dean
Prisons are overcrowded and understaffed, leading to nurses being subjected to increasing danger, the RCN says. There have been reports of nurses being held hostage, and a nurse manager was blinded in one eye last year after being punched by an inmate at a young offenders' institution in Kent.
August 23, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826444/modelling-the-social-and-structural-determinants-of-tuberculosis-opportunities-and-challenges
#16
D Pedrazzoli, D Boccia, P J Dodd, K Lönnroth, D W Dowdy, A Siroka, M E Kimerling, R G White, R M G J Houben
INTRODUCTION: Despite the close link between tuberculosis (TB) and poverty, most mathematical models of TB have not addressed underlying social and structural determinants. OBJECTIVE: To review studies employing mathematical modelling to evaluate the epidemiological impact of the structural determinants of TB. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed and personal libraries to identify eligible articles. We extracted data on the modelling techniques employed, research question, types of structural determinants modelled and setting...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825673/trapped-in-statelessness-rohingya-refugees-in-bangladesh
#17
REVIEW
Abul Hasnat Milton, Mijanur Rahman, Sumaira Hussain, Charulata Jindal, Sushmita Choudhury, Shahnaz Akter, Shahana Ferdousi, Tafzila Akter Mouly, John Hall, Jimmy T Efird
The Rohingya people are one of the most ill-treated and persecuted refugee groups in the world, having lived in a realm of statelessness for over six generations, and who are still doing so. In recent years, more than 500,000 Rohingyas fled from Myanmar (Burma) to neighboring countries. This article addresses the Rohingya refugee crisis in Bangladesh, with special emphasis on the living conditions of this vulnerable population. We reviewed several documents on Rohingya refugees, visited a registered refugee camp (Teknaf), collected case reports, and conducted a series of meetings with stakeholders in the Cox's Bazar district of Bangladesh...
August 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819532/a-case-of-enterobiasis-presenting-as-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-a-curious-case-of-the-infection-with-predominant-mental-health-symptoms-presenting-for-the-first-time-in-the-settings-of-a-refugee-camp
#18
Georgios Karamitros, Nikolaos Kitsos, Fotios Athanasopoulos
Enterobiasis (oxyuriasis) is a common infection in human caused by Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis), a human intestinal helminth. Because of the easy way of its transmission among people, it has an extremely high prevalence in overcrowded conditions, such as nurseries and primary schools. Oxyuriasis's symptoms are extremely diverse in children, ranging from nausea, diarrhea, insomnia, irritability, recurrent cellulitis, loss of appetite, nightmares and endometritis. Here we report a curious case of oxyuriasis in the settings of a refugee camp in Greece...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798774/multiple-osteolytic-lesions-causing-hypercalcemia-a-rare-presentation-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#19
Khalid Mahmood, Muhammad Ubaid, Syeda Taliya Rizvi
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is characterized by unchecked proliferation of malignant lymphoblasts which replaces the normal bone marrow culminating in anemia due to red blood cells inadequacy as well as in easy bruising/bleeding secondary to insufficient platelets production. Even the white blood cells which are produced excessively are immature and abnormal. ALL is the most common hematological malignancy in children. Most commonly, patients present with lymphadenopathy, recurrent infections, bleeding, fatigue, and bone pains...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792303/-dangerous-state-of-the-prison-system-is-putting-nurses-safety-at-risk-rcn-warns
#20
(no author information available yet)
Nurses are no longer willing to work in prisons that have become 'dangerous, overcrowded warehouses', the RCN has warned.
August 9, 2017: Nursing Standard
keyword
keyword
4615
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"