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Javier E Moreno, Facundo Romani, Raquel L Chan
Venation patterning is a taxonomic attribute for classification of plants and it also plays a role in the interaction of plants with the environment. Despite its importance, the molecular physiology controlling this aspect of plant development is still poorly understood. Auxin plays a central role modulating the final vein network and patterning. This addendum discusses recent findings on the role of homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-Zip) transcription factors on the regulation of leaf venation patterning. Moreno-Piovano et al...
March 6, 2018: Plant Signaling & Behavior
Allan P Fordy, Pavlos Xenitidis
We recently introduced a class of [Formula: see text] graded discrete Lax pairs and studied the associated discrete integrable systems (lattice equations). In this paper, we introduce the corresponding Yang-Baxter maps. Many well-known examples belong to this scheme for N=2, so, for N≥3, our systems may be regarded as generalizations of these. In particular, for each N we introduce a class of multi-component Yang-Baxter maps, which include H(B)III (of Papageorgiou et al. 2010 SIGMA 6, 003 (9 p). (doi:10.3842/SIGMA...
May 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Dhananjay Singh, Bhanu Awasthi, Vikas Padha, Sanjay Thakur
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of Type 1 Monteggia equivalent injury with intact radio-capitellar congruity, associated with epiphyseal fracture of distal radius and distal ulna shaft in an 11-year-old boy. There are only a few cases of Monteggia or Monteggia equivalent injury with ipsilateral forearm fractures in children, and injury pattern being reported by us is not only rare but also the only case reported thus far to the best of our knowledge, Sood et al. described Type 1 equivalent with epiphyseal injuries of both radius and ulna Osada et al...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Elen C D J De Masi, Flávia D J De Masi, Roberta D J De Masi
Suture threads are a minimally invasive surgical technique for facial rejuvenation. Its use was initiated by Sulamanidze et al with propylene after Serdev introduced suture with polycaproamide; however, these types of suture increased inflammatory reaction. For correction of the aging face, surgeons are devising more procedures with fewer incisions and shorter postoperative recovery periods. Many of these procedures use absorbable and nonabsorbable sutures in the dermis and subcutis to lift lax skin. The polydioxanone suture is currently a great option for antiaging treatment, because besides the ease of applicability and good results, it also has a low incidence of adverse reactions...
December 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Madhura Milind Killedar, Aslam A Shivani, Usha Shinde
Idiopathic scrotal calcinosis (ISC) is a rare benign condition which presents with multiple, asymptomatic, and painless nodules on the scrotal skin wall. The lesions have been attributed as sebaceous cysts, calcified steatocystoma, fibroma, atheroma, and xanthoma. Shapiro et al. reviewed the histologic data and found no evidence of an epithelial lining, residual cysts, and lipid or organisms, and concluded that the calcification was idiopathic introducing the term "idiopathic scrotal calcinosis." We have studied four cases of idiopathic scrotal calcinosis, one of which had scrotal calcinosis involving the whole of the scrotum...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
Tamara Del Vecchio, Dana Jerusalmi, Mark D Terjesen
The Parenting Scale (PS) is a well-established instrument for measuring discipline practices in Western populations. However, whether the PS is a valid and reliable measure in Eastern populations is not known. Thus, this study examined the psychometric properties of the PS in a sample of 433 Vietnamese parents of children aged 2-7 years. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) examined the commonly used Reitman et al.'s two-factor and Rhoades and O'Leary's three-factor solutions. Neither factor structure fit the data...
December 8, 2015: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Debasish Mandal, Rajeev Ramanan, Dandamudi Usharani, Deepa Janardanan, Binju Wang, Sason Shaik
This article addresses the intriguing hydrogen-abstraction (H-abstraction) and oxygen-transfer (O-transfer) reactivity of a series of nonheme [Fe(IV)(O)(TMC)(Lax)](z+) complexes, with a tetramethyl cyclam ligand and a variable axial ligand (Lax), toward three substrates: 1,4-cyclohexadiene, 9,10-dihydroanthracene, and triphenyl phosphine. Experimentally, O-transfer-reactivity follows the relative electrophilicity of the complexes, whereas the corresponding H-abstraction-reactivity generally increases as the axial ligand becomes a better electron donor, hence exhibiting an antielectrophilic trend...
January 21, 2015: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Chong-Min Wang, Wu Xu, Jun Liu, Ji-Guang Zhang, Lax V Saraf, Bruce W Arey, Daiwon Choi, Zhen-Guo Yang, Jie Xiao, Suntharampillai Thevuthasan, Donald R Baer
Recently we have reported structural transformation features of SnO(2) upon initial charging using a configuration that leads to the sequential lithiation of SnO(2) nanowire from one end to the other (Huang et al. Science2010, 330, 1515). A key question to be addressed is the lithiation behavior of the nanowire when it is fully soaked into the electrolyte (Chiang Science2010, 330, 1485). This Letter documents the structural characteristics of SnO(2) upon initial charging based on a battery assembled with a single nanowire anode, which is fully soaked (immersed) into an ionic liquid based electrolyte using in situ transmission electron microscopy...
May 11, 2011: Nano Letters
Dunhua Zhang, Alan R Lax, John M Bland, April B Allen
The present work characterized a new endogenous cellulase (endo-β-1,4-glucanase) gene, CfEG5, uncovered in the transcriptome of Formosan subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus). The full-length gene was cloned and sequenced. It is similar to the CfEG3a described earlier (Zhang et al., 2009) but not likely an allelic variant. GenomeWalker™ DNA walking analysis indicated that there may be one copy of CfEG5 and two copies of CfEG3a in the termite genome. As with CfEG3a, the transcript of CfEG5 was detected predominantly in the salivary gland based on quantitative RT-PCR...
April 2011: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Dongmei Deng, Qi Guo, Sheng Lan, Xiangbo Yang
Starting from the vector Maxwell's equations and applying the multiscale singular perturbation method, the nonparaxial beam propagation is studied in free space. Two new equations have been derived for transverse and longitudinal electric fields of an arbitrary polarized electromagnetic wave even in the case of tightly focused nonparaxial laser beams. By using the analogy of the optical beam in the space domain and the optical pulse in the time domain, the higher-order diffraction term is introduced. For strongly nonparaxial beams that are characterized by large values of the perturbative parameter, our correction solutions yield an accurate description of the field in the near-field region and are consistent with all other correction results obtained by others in the far-field region...
October 2007: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
Kimberly A Rhoades, Susan G O'Leary
Confirmatory factor analyses based on the scoring derived from 5 prior studies of the Parenting Scale were conducted using a representatively recruited sample of 453 couples parenting 3-to 7-year-old children. Comparative analyses favored the Reitman et al. (2001) 2-factor scoring system as well as a 3-factor solution, including Lax, Overreactive, and Hostile discipline. This 3-factor solution demonstrated good fit across parent gender and child age and gender. Mothers rated themselves as more overreactive than fathers...
April 2007: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
P D Lax, C D Levermore
We use the inverse scattering method to determine the weak limit of solutions of the Korteweg-deVries equation as dispersion tends to zero. The limit, valid for all time, is characterized in terms of a quadratic programming problem which can be solved with the aid of function theoretic methods. For large t, the solutions satisfy Whitham's averaged equations at some times and the equations found by Flaschka et al. at other times.
August 1979: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
J Timothy Petersik, James L Dannemiller
Five experiments probed the conditions under which observers fail to report instantaneous reversals in the direction of motion of pixels that define the rotation of a transparent sphere or plane. Our results showed that the extent to which rotation reversals were not reported depended upon whether observers used strict or lax criteria to make their judgments, the degree of perspective present in the rotation simulations, and the percentage of pixels that actually reversed direction. Furthermore, we found failures to report rotation reversals both with stimuli whose pixels were confined to smooth surfaces and scattered within volumes...
2004: Spatial Vision
Sergiusz Demczuk, Wojciech Wierzchowski, Wojciech Szczepański, Grzegorz Dyduch, Jacek Czopek, Jerzy Stachura
The objective of the investigation was to compare the degree of interobserver agreement in determining the histological grade of uterine endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma using the criteria proposed by the three-grade FIGO classification (1988) and the new, two-grade system proposed by Lax et al. (2000). In the FIGO system, the assessment is focused on the amount of solid, non-squamous growth pattern and the additional feature is the presence of the so-called "notable nuclear atypia" (nuclear grade), with the latter criterion not having been precisely defined...
2003: Polish Journal of Pathology: Official Journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists
Riccardo Borghi, Massimo Santarsiero
It is shown that the approach proposed by Lax et al. [Phys. Rev. A 11, 1365 (1975)] for studying the propagation of an electromagnetic beam beyond the paraxial approximation can be efficiently employed evenwhen the beam under consideration presents a very nonparaxial character. The method that we present consists of applying a nonlinear resummation scheme, the so-called delta transformation, to the divergent perturbative series arising from the Lax scheme. Numerical results pertinent to the evaluation of transverse and longitudinal components of the electric field are presented for the particular case of vectorial Gaussian beams, showing the effectiveness of the method...
May 15, 2003: Optics Letters
T Domagala, N Konstantopoulos, F Smyth, R N Jorissen, L Fabri, D Geleick, I Lax, J Schlessinger, W Sawyer, G J Howlett, A W Burgess, E C Nice
The kinetics, binding equilibria and stoichiometry of the interaction between epidermal growth factor and the soluble extracellular domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor (sEGFR), produced in CHO cells using a bioreactor, have been studied by three methods: analytical ultracentrifugation, biosensor analysis using surface plasmon resonance detection (BIAcore 2000) and fluorescence anisotropy. These studies were performed with an sEGFR preparation purified in the absence of detergent using a mild two step chromatographic procedure employing anion exchange and size exclusion HPLC...
2000: Growth Factors
A B Irvine, A Biglan, K Smolkowski, D V Ary
The psychometric properties of the Parenting Scale (Arnold, O'Leary, Wolff, and Acker, 1993), a 30-item instrument originally developed to assess the discipline practices of parents of preschool children, were examined for parents of middle school students. Subjects were 298 parents of middle school student identified as at-risk for problem behavior. An exploratory factor analysis identified two factors labeled 'Overreactivity' and 'Laxness', closely resembling two of the factors found by Arnold et al., but each of these factors contained only six items...
February 1999: Behaviour Research and Therapy
R K Smith, L Zunino, P M Webbon, D Heinegård
A protein prominent in guanidine hydrochloride extracts of adult bovine and equine digital flexor tendons was confirmed to be Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein (COMP) by non-reducing and reducing SDS-PAGE, reaction with rabbit anti-COMP polyclonal antiserum on Western blots, trypsin digestion followed by HPLC on a C2/C18 column, and identification of COMP mRNA from tendon on Northern blots. Immunohistochemistry and Western blots of extracts showed COMP to be present in all regions of digital flexor tendons...
November 1997: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
X Ruan, D Stassi, S A Lax, L Katz
Analysis of a 32.8-kb segment of DNA from the rapamycin (Rp) producer, Streptomyces hygroscopicus ATCC 29253, revealed a new type-I polyketide synthase (PKS) cluster consisting of four open reading frames (ORF 1-4), each encoding a single PKS module. The four ORFs are transcribed in the same direction and are flanked by several smaller ORFs (ORF 5-9), which may be related to the PKS cluster. The first PKS-containing ORF has a ligase domain at the N-terminus of the polypeptide. This domain has 55% aa identity to the CoA ligase domain of the Rp PKS (Schwecke et al...
December 5, 1997: Gene
M P Gorga, S T Neely, B Ohlrich, B Hoover, J Redner, J Peters
OBJECTIVES: 1) To describe distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) measurements in large groups of subjects with normal hearing and with hearing loss, and to use these data to provide comprehensive descriptions of DPOAE test performance. 2) To describe the effects of primary frequency and audiometric threshold on the extent to which DPOAE measurements accurately identify auditory status. 3) To develop an approach that describes the probability that any measured response is coming from either a normal or an impaired ear...
December 1997: Ear and Hearing
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