keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

honesty

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771933/the-colours-and-contours-of-compassion-a-systematic-review-of-the-perspectives-of-compassion-among-ethnically-diverse-patients-and-healthcare-providers
#1
Pavneet Singh, Kathryn King-Shier, Shane Sinclair
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe the perspectives, experiences, importance, and impact of compassionate care among ethnically diverse population groups. METHODS: A systematic search of peer-reviewed research focused on compassionate care in ethnically diverse populations published between 1946 and 2017 was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 2296 abstracts were retrieved, out of which 23 articles met the inclusion criteria. Synthesis of the literature identified the perspectives, facilitators and barriers of compassion in healthcare within ethnic groups...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767461/sex-differences-but-no-evidence-of-quantitative-honesty-in-the-warning-signals-of-six-spot-burnet-moths-zygaena-filipendulae-l
#2
Emmanuelle Sophie Briolat, Mika Zagrobelny, Carl Erik Olsen, Jonathan D Blount, Martin Stevens
The distinctive black and red wing pattern of six-spot burnet moths (Zygaena filipendulae, L.) is a classic example of aposematism, advertising their potent cyanide-based defences. While such warning signals provide a qualitatively honest signal of unprofitability, the evidence for quantitative honesty, whereby variation in visual traits could provide accurate estimates of individual toxicity, is more equivocal. Combining measures of cyanogenic glucoside content and wing colour from the perspective of avian predators, we investigate the relationship between coloration and defences in Z...
May 16, 2018: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748717/ethical-challenges-in-resuscitation
#3
REVIEW
Spyros D Mentzelopoulos, Anne-Marie Slowther, Zoe Fritz, Claudio Sandroni, Theodoros Xanthos, Clifton Callaway, Gavin D Perkins, Craig Newgard, Eleni Ischaki, Robert Greif, Erwin Kompanje, Leo Bossaert
PURPOSE: A rapidly evolving resuscitation science provides more effective treatments to an aging population with multiple comorbidites. Concurrently, emergency care has become patient-centered. This review aims to describe challenges associated with the application of key principles of bioethics in resuscitation and post-resuscitation care; propose actions to address these challenges; and highlight the need for evidence-based ethics and consensus on ethical principles interpretation. METHODS: Following agreement on the article's outline, subgroups of 2-3 authors provided narrative reviews of ethical issues concerning autonomy and honesty, beneficence/nonmaleficence and dignity, justice, specific practices/circumstances such as family presence during resuscitation, and emergency research...
May 10, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731262/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-plagiarism-and-the-ethics-of-dealing-with-colleagues
#4
Josanne Vassallo
This paper aims to define and discuss the various forms and degrees of plagiarism. The potential consequences of this particular form of scientific misconduct will be highlighted. The overarching principles in ensuring adherence to research and work ethics are reviewed and the necessity for honesty, objectivity, integrity, respect for intellectual property, confidentiality as well as responsible publication emphasised. The "Publish or Perish" mantra has led to an increasing need for an understanding of the responsibilities related to authorship, acknowledgments and what these encompass...
May 3, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714511/promoting-honesty-and-truthfulness-when-things-go-wrong-during-care-delivery-for-sick-children
#5
Edward Alan Glasper
Emeritus Professor and Editor-in-Chief Edward Alan Glasper discusses why children's nurses must fully adopt the duty of candour in care delivery, which in some countries is a legal obligation, to ensure that consumers of healthcare and their families are apologized to, and communicated with, openly and honestly when things have gone wrong in their care.
May 1, 2018: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706280/students-views-of-an-online-ethical-decision-support-tool
#6
Maria Donna Allinson, Patricia Black
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ethical reasoning is a key skill that must be developed during the undergraduate pharmacy course to prepare students for ethical decision-making in future practice as pharmacy professionals. In this initial study, we sought and documented the views of pharmacy students at a United Kingdom (UK) university on the use of Values Exchange™ (Vx), an online ethical decision-support tool. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Students deliberated on up to three ethical case scenarios every academic year using the tool...
February 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702333/an-exploratory-study-of-long-haul-truck-drivers-secondary-tasks-and-reasons-for-performing-them
#7
Tobias Iseland, Emma Johansson, Siri Skoog, Anna M Dåderman
Research on drivers has shown how certain visual-manual secondary tasks, unrelated to driving, increase the risk of being involved in crashes. The purpose of the study was to investigate (1) if long-haul truck drivers in Sweden engage in secondary tasks while driving, what tasks are performed and how frequently, (2) the drivers' self-perceived reason/s for performing them, and (3) if psychological factors might reveal reasons for their engaging in secondary tasks. The study comprised 13 long-haul truck drivers and was conducted through observations, interviews, and questionnaires...
April 24, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697838/intraspecific-variation-in-the-information-content-of-an-ornament-why-relative-dewlap-size-signals-bite-force-in-some-but-not-all-island-populations-of-anolis-sagrei
#8
Simon Baeckens, Tess Driessens, Katleen Huyghe, Bieke Vanhooydonck, Raoul Van Damme
In many animals, male secondary sexual traits advertise reliable information on fighting capacity in a male-male context. The iconic sexual signaling device of anole lizards, the dewlap, has been extensively studied in this respect. For several territorial anole species (experiencing strong intrasexual selection), there is evidence for a positive association between dewlap size and bite capacity, which is an important determinant of combat outcome in lizards. Intriguingly, earlier studies did not find this expected correlation (relative dewlap size-relative bite force) in the highly territorial brown anole lizard, Anolis sagrei...
April 25, 2018: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663911/what-makes-a-great-resident-a-perspective-of-pediatric-dentistry-program-directors-and-residents
#9
Mojdeh Faraz, Farhad Yeroshalmi, Keith S Margulis, Victor Badner
PURPOSE: To obtain information regarding attitudes and perspectives of pediatric dentistry residency program directors (PD) and pediatric dentistry residents (PDR) about what makes a great resident. METHODS: Surveys for PDs (36 questions), and PDRs (31 questions) were created and emailed via SurveyMonkey® to the 88 PDs and 906 residents of United States programs in 2015. Desirable characteristics identified during selection and attendance in the residency program were compared...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658306/-how-do-they-want-to-know-doctors-perspectives-on-making-and-communicating-a-diagnosis-of-dementia
#10
Cate Bailey, Jemima Dooley, Rose McCabe
Recent drives to facilitate earlier identification of dementia have led to increased memory clinic referrals and diagnoses. This study explored the perspectives of memory clinic doctors on making and delivering diagnoses. Four focus groups were conducted with 13 psychiatrists and two geriatricians in the UK. Transcripts were coded line by line using NVIVO. Thematic analysis identified 39 categories, 18 sub-themes and eight overarching themes. Inter-rater reliability on 31% of the data was 0.89. Increased public awareness of dementia was viewed positively in facilitating access to diagnosis and treatment...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650070/communication-and-ethics-in-the-clinical-examination
#11
REVIEW
Sharon Onguti, Sherine Mathew, Christine Todd
At the heart of every effective patient-physician interaction is a relationship that is built on trust. Cultivating sound communication skills coupled with the awareness and application of ethical principles is integral to this process. One of the foremost challenges in competent practice is negotiating situations that arise at the bedside when such issues as patient autonomy, differing world views, honesty, and cost stewardship come into conflict. It is essential for health care providers to consider how to detect and prioritize these issues as they advocate for high-quality and patient-centered care...
May 2018: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648894/controlling-for-response-bias-in-self-ratings-of-personality-a-comparison-of-impression-management-scales-and-the-overclaiming-technique
#12
Sascha Müller, Morten Moshagen
Self-serving response distortions pose a threat to the validity of personality scales. A common approach to deal with this issue is to rely on impression management (IM) scales. More recently, the overclaiming technique (OCT) has been proposed as an alternative and arguably superior measure of such biases. In this study (N = 162), we tested these approaches in the context of self- and other-ratings using the HEXACO personality inventory. To the extent that the OCT and IM scales can be considered valid measures of response distortions, they are expected to account for inflated self-ratings in particular for those personality dimensions that are prone to socially desirable responding...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643505/high-male-sexual-investment-as-a-driver-of-extinction-in-fossil-ostracods
#13
Maria João Fernandes Martins, T Markham Puckett, Rowan Lockwood, John P Swaddle, Gene Hunt
Sexual selection favours traits that confer advantages in the competition for mates. In many cases, such traits are costly to produce and maintain, because the costs help to enforce the honesty of these signals and cues 1 . Some evolutionary models predict that sexual selection also produces costs at the population level, which could limit the ability of populations to adapt to changing conditions and thus increase the risk of extinction2-4 . Other models, however, suggest that sexual selection should increase rates of adaptation and enhance the removal of deleterious mutations, thus protecting populations against extinction3, 5, 6 ...
April 11, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642864/development-of-a-novel-motivational-interviewing-mi-informed-peer-support-intervention-to-support-mothers-to-breastfeed-for-longer
#14
Rhiannon Phillips, Lauren Copeland, Aimee Grant, Julia Sanders, Nina Gobat, Sally Tedstone, Helen Stanton, Laura Merrett, Stephen Rollnick, Michael Robling, Amy Brown, Billie Hunter, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Sian Regan, Heather Trickey, Shantini Paranjothy
BACKGROUND: Many women in the UK stop breastfeeding before they would like to, and earlier than is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). Given the potential health benefits for mother and baby, new ways of supporting women to breastfeed for longer are required. The purpose of this study was to develop and characterise a novel Motivational Interviewing (MI) informed breastfeeding peer-support intervention. METHODS: Qualitative interviews with health professionals and service providers (n = 14), and focus groups with mothers (n = 14), fathers (n = 3), and breastfeeding peer-supporters (n = 15) were carried out to understand experiences of breastfeeding peer-support and identify intervention options...
April 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627999/moral-competence-among-nurses-in-malawi-a-concept-analysis-approach
#15
Veronica Mary Maluwa, Elizabeth Gwaza, Betty Sakala, Esnath Kapito, Ruth Mwale, Clara Haruzivishe, Ellen Chirwa
BACKGROUND: Nurses are expected to provide comprehensive, holistic and ethically accepted care according to their code of ethics and practice. However, in Malawi, this is not always the case. This article analyses moral competence concept using the Walker and Avant's strategy of concept analysis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to analyse moral competence concept in relation to nursing practice and determine defining attributes, antecedents and consequences of moral competence in nursing practice...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615948/higher-status-honesty-is-worth-more-the-effect-of-social-status-on-honesty-evaluation
#16
Philip R Blue, Jie Hu, Xiaolin Zhou
Promises are crucial for maintaining trust in social hierarchies. It is well known that not all promises are kept; yet the effect of social status on responses to promises being kept or broken is far from understood, as are the neural processes underlying this effect. Here we manipulated participants' social status before measuring their investment behavior as Investor in iterated Trust Game (TG). Participants decided how much to invest in their partners, who acted as Trustees in TG, after being informed that their partners of higher or lower social status either promised to return half of the multiplied sum (4 × invested amount), did not promise, or had no opportunity to promise...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610548/personality-and-neural-correlates-of-mentalizing-ability
#17
Timothy A Allen, Amanda R Rueter, Samantha V Abram, James S Brown, Colin G DeYoung
Theory of mind, or mentalizing , defined as the ability to reason about another's mental states, is a crucial psychological function that is disrupted in some forms of psychopathology, but little is known about how individual differences in this ability relate to personality or brain function. One previous study linked mentalizing ability to individual differences in the personality trait Agreeableness. Agreeableness encompasses two major subdimensions: Compassion reflects tendencies toward empathy, prosocial behavior, and interpersonal concern, whereas Politeness captures tendencies to suppress aggressive and exploitative impulses...
November 2017: European Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608676/is-health-literacy-associated-with-greater-medical-care-trust
#18
Tzu-I Tsai, Wen-Ry Yu, Shoou-Yih D Lee
Objective: To examine the relationship between health literacy and trust in physicians and in the healthcare system. Design: A cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample of adults. Setting: Taiwan. Participants: Non-institutionalized adults (N = 2199). Main measures: Trust in physicians was a composite measure assessing respondents' general trust in physicians and their perceptions of their physician's communication, medical skills, beneficence, honesty, confidentiality, respect and fairness...
March 28, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603818/altruism-honesty-and-religiosity-in-nursing-students
#19
Fiona Timmins, Carole King, Jan M A de Vries, Martin Johnson, John Cullen, Carol Haigh
BACKGROUND: Nursing is informed by values that guide care ethos and activities. Embodiment of these core values, has become a matter of concern. Reports outlining deficiencies in health care followed by polemics in nursing journals have called into question whether nursing students are sufficiently motivated by values and educated in their application. This paper explores these values among undergraduate nursing students in the Republic of Ireland. Considering the strong religious tradition in health care in Ireland, religiosity was also included...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532735/-in-the-north-you-can-t-be-openly-gay-contextualising-sexual-practices-among-sexually-and-gender-diverse-persons-in-northern-canada
#20
Carmen H Logie, Candice L Lys, Nicole Schott, Lisa Dias, Makenzie R Zouboules, Kayley Mackay
Scant research has addressed health and well-being among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) persons in the Arctic. The Northwest Territories (NWT) has among Canada's highest rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). LGBTQ persons in NWT are at the nexus of LGBTQ and Arctic health disparities. Yet little is known of their sexual health needs. This qualitative study explored the sexual health needs of LGBTQ persons in the NWT. We conducted semi-structured, in-depth interviews with 51 participants, including 16 LGBTQ youth aged 15-24, 21 LGBTQ adults aged 25 and above, and 14 key informants who worked with LGBTQ persons...
March 13, 2018: Global Public Health
keyword
keyword
46143
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"