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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081552/demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-new-zealanders-support-for-euthanasia
#1
Carol Hj Lee, Isabelle M Duck, Chris G Sibley
AIMS: To explore the distribution of New Zealanders' support towards the legalisation of euthanasia and examine demographic and psychological factors associated with these attitudes. METHODS: 15,822 participants responded to the 2014/15 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) survey. This survey included an item on people's attitudes towards euthanasia, and information on their demographic and psychological characteristics. RESULTS: The majority of New Zealanders expressed support for euthanasia, which was assessed by asking "Suppose a person has a painful incurable disease...
January 13, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078477/information-sharing-challenges-between-adolescents-with-cancer-their-parents-and-health-care-providers-a-qualitative-study
#2
Masoud Bahrami, Mahboobeh Namnabati, Fariborz Mokarian, Parastoo Oujian, Paul Arbon
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the viewpoints, experiences, and preferences within the clinical communication triangle (parent, adolescent, health care team) concerning the information-sharing process for adolescents with cancer. METHODS: This is a qualitative descriptive-exploratory study. Overall, 33 participants were recruited (adolescents diagnosed with cancer aged 15-20 years, their parents, oncologists, and nurses). In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted and data were analyzed using constant comparative analysis...
January 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027812/new-psychoactive-substances-nps-on-cryptomarket-fora-an-exploratory-study-of-characteristics-of-forum-activity-between-nps-buyers-and-vendors
#3
Marie Claire Van Hout, Evelyn Hearne
BACKGROUND: The continual diversification of new psychoactive substances (NPS) circumventing legislation creates a public health and law enforcement challenge, and one particularly challenged by availability on Hidden Web cryptomarkets. METHODS: This is the first study of its kind which aimed to explore and characterise cryptomarket forum members' views and perspectives on NPS vendors and products within the context of Hidden Web community dynamics. An internal site search was conducted on two cryptomarkets popular with NPS vendors and hosting fora; Alphabay and Valhalla, using the search terms of 40 popular NPS in the seven categories of stimulant/cathinone; GABA activating; hallucinogen, dissociative, cannabinoid, opioid and other/unspecified/uncategorised NPS...
December 24, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018250/grit-or-honesty-humility-new-insights-into-the-moderating-role-of-personality-between-the-health-impairment-process-and-counterproductive-work-behavior
#4
Andrea Ceschi, Riccardo Sartori, Stephan Dickert, Arianna Costantini
It is acknowledged that chronic job demands may be depleting workers' stamina resulting in burnout conditions and ultimately causing further health problems. This relation, known as health impairment process, has recently been considered as a possible explanation for the emergence of counterproductive work behavior (CWB). The present work aims to examine the role of two personality traits (i.e., Grit and Honesty-Humility) in this process. The results, based on a sample of 208 private service sector employees, confirm the presence of a fully mediated process and show how Honesty-Humility positively moderates the relationship between job demands and exhaustion, whereas Grit has a negative effect on the relation between exhaustion and CWB...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995625/in-training-assessments-the-difficulty-is-trying-to-balance-reality-and-really-tell-the-truth
#5
Catherine E Scarff, Robert M Corderoy, Margaret Bearman
BACKGROUND: In-training assessments (ITA) aim to evaluate trainees' progress and give valuable feedback on their performance. Many factors can affect supervisors during their completion of assessments and these can influence the final results recorded. METHODS: This is the second part of a study of supervisors of the Australasian College of Dermatologists (ACD) and presents the qualitative data on their opinions of the ACD ITA process and the influences on their ITA ratings...
December 20, 2016: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992286/the-role-of-gender-in-neuropsychological-assessment-in-healthy-adolescents
#6
Megan Elizabeth Evelyn Mormile, Tamerah N Hunt
: Research in collegiate athletes has revealed significant gender differences in areas of verbal memory, visual memory, and reaction time. Additionally, research has focused on differences in neuropsychological components and gender in collegiate populations; however, such differences in gender have not been documented in healthy adolescent populations. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify potential differences between males and females using different components of a common computerized neuropsychological test...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964985/american-association-for-thoracic-surgery-2016-ethics-forum-preoperative-disclosure-in-all-honesty-my-results%C3%A2
#7
EDITORIAL
Sandra L Starnes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936144/correction-ludusscope-accessible-interactive-smartphone-microscopy-for-life-science-education
#8
Honesty Kim, Lukas Cyrill Gerber, Daniel Chiu, Seung Ah Lee, Nate J Cira, Sherwin Yuyang Xia, Ingmar H Riedel-Kruse
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0162602.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933429/establishing-the-values-for-patient-engagement-pe-in-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-research-an-international-multiple-stakeholder-perspective
#9
Kirstie Haywood, Anne Lyddiatt, Samantha J Brace-McDonnell, Sophie Staniszewska, Sam Salek
PURPOSE: Active patient engagement is increasingly viewed as essential to ensuring that patient-driven perspectives are considered throughout the research process. However, guidance for patient engagement (PE) in HRQoL research does not exist, the evidence-base for practice is limited, and we know relatively little about underpinning values that can impact on PE practice. This is the first study to explore the values that should underpin PE in contemporary HRQoL research to help inform future good practice guidance...
December 8, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926727/interactive-and-scalable-biology-cloud-experimentation-for-scientific-inquiry-and-education
#10
Zahid Hossain, Engin W Bumbacher, Alice M Chung, Honesty Kim, Casey Litton, Ashley D Walter, Sachin N Pradhan, Kemi Jona, Paulo Blikstein, Ingmar H Riedel-Kruse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920357/use-of-a-bogus-pipeline-to-detect-men-s-underreporting-of-sexually-aggressive-behavior
#11
Emily Strang, Zoë D Peterson
Researchers rely on men's self-reports of sexually aggressive behavior to identify the prevalence and correlates of men's perpetration (i.e., their use of verbal or physical coercion to obtain sex from a nonconsenting partner). However, results from research based on men's self-reported sexual perpetration are suspect because men may intentionally conceal their sexually aggressive behavior. The current study used a Bogus Pipeline (BPL) methodology to determine whether young, community men (N = 93) intentionally underreport their use of sexually aggressive strategies on two self-report measures of perpetration...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918171/the-complexities-of-power-in-feminist-multicultural-psychotherapy-supervision
#12
Alexis V Arczynski, Susan L Morrow
The goal of the present study was to understand how current feminist multicultural supervisors understand and implement their feminist multicultural principles into clinical supervision. We addressed this aim by answering the following research question: How do self-identified feminist multicultural psychotherapy supervisors conceptualize and practice feminist supervision that is explicitly multicultural? The perspectives of 14 participant supervisors were obtained by using semistructured initial interviews, follow-up interviews, and feedback interviews and were investigated via a feminist constructivist grounded theory design and analysis...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896601/how-are-editors-selected-recruited-and-approved
#13
Jaime A Teixeira da Silva, Aceil Al-Khatib
The editors of scholarly journals have a duty to uphold and promote the highest standards of ethical conduct of research. They also have a responsibility to maintain the integrity of the literature, and to promote transparency and honesty in reporting research findings. In the process of screening manuscripts they receive for possible publication, editors have the obligation to report infractions to the institutions of offending authors, and request an investigation. Since editors can reject a paper on ethical grounds, they can be considered to be the guardians of ethics who should express high ethical standards in conducting and publishing their own research...
November 28, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895609/to-fake-or-not-to-fake-antecedents-to-interview-faking-warning-instructions-and-its-impact-on-applicant-reactions
#14
Stephanie J Law, Joshua Bourdage, Thomas A O'Neill
In the present study, we examined the antecedents and processes that impact job interviewees' decisions to engage in deceptive impression management (i.e., interview faking). Willingness and capacity to engage in faking were found to be the processes underlying the decision to use deceptive impression management in the interview. We also examined a personality antecedent to this behavior, Honesty-Humility, which was negatively related to the use of deceptive impression management through increased willingness to engage in these behaviors...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892247/family-satisfaction-with-patient-care-in-critical-care-units-in-pakistan-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#15
Younas Ahtisham, Parveen Subia, Victor Gideon
AIM: To assess family satisfaction with care provided to patients in critical care units in Islamabad. METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 11 medical and surgical critical care units at two private hospitals in Islamabad, Pakistan. The purposive sample consisted of 323 immediate family members and other relatives and friends (referred to as family members in this article) of 323 patients admitted to the critical care units for at least 24 hours...
November 23, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884300/teen-preferences-for-clinic-based-behavior-screens-who-where-when-and-how
#16
Carolyn Bradner Jasik, Mark Berna, Maria Martin, Elizabeth M Ozer
PURPOSE: Previous research examining computer-based adolescent risk behavior screening was done before widespread adoption of smartphones and merits updating. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey among 115 adolescents seeking primary care age 12-18 years. It is a diverse sample with 59% female, 51% white, 18% African-American, and 27% Latino. Respondents were asked level of comfort and honesty (1 = strongly disagree, 5 = strongly agree) when answering health behavior questions by paper, interview, or electronic device...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858268/misreporting-of-product-adherence-in-the-mtn-003-voice-trial-for-hiv-prevention-in-africa-participants-explanations-for-dishonesty
#17
Elizabeth T Montgomery, B Mensch, P Musara, M Hartmann, K Woeber, J Etima, A van der Straten
Consistent over-reporting of product use limits researchers' ability to accurately measure adherence and estimate product efficacy in HIV prevention trials. While lying is a universal characteristic of the human condition, growing evidence of a stark discrepancy between self-reported product use and biologic or pharmacokinetic evidence demands examination of the reasons research participants frequently misrepresent product use in order to mitigate this challenge in future research. This study (VOICE-D) was an ancillary post-trial study of the vaginal and oral interventions to control the epidemic (VOICE) phase IIb trial (MTN 003)...
November 17, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849366/predicting-smartphone-operating-system-from-personality-and-individual-differences
#18
Heather Shaw, David A Ellis, Libby-Rae Kendrick, Fenja Ziegler, Richard Wiseman
Android and iPhone devices account for over 90 percent of all smartphones sold worldwide. Despite being very similar in functionality, current discourse and marketing campaigns suggest that key individual differences exist between users of these two devices; however, this has never been investigated empirically. This is surprising, as smartphones continue to gain momentum across a variety of research disciplines. In this article, we consider if individual differences exist between these two distinct groups...
December 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834205/rigorous-science-a-how-to-guide
#19
EDITORIAL
Arturo Casadevall, Ferric C Fang
Proposals to improve the reproducibility of biomedical research have emphasized scientific rigor. Although the word "rigor" is widely used, there has been little specific discussion as to what it means and how it can be achieved. We suggest that scientific rigor combines elements of mathematics, logic, philosophy, and ethics. We propose a framework for rigor that includes redundant experimental design, sound statistical analysis, recognition of error, avoidance of logical fallacies, and intellectual honesty...
November 8, 2016: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831700/normative-personality-trait-development-in-adulthood-a-6-year-cohort-sequential-growth-model
#20
Petar Milojev, Chris G Sibley
The present study investigated patterns of normative change in personality traits across the adult life span (19 through 74 years of age). We examined change in extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, openness to experience and honesty-humility using data from the first 6 annual waves of the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (N = 10,416; 61.1% female, average age = 49.46). We present a cohort-sequential latent growth model assessing patterns of mean-level change due to both aging and cohort effects...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
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