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Shanyuanye Guan, Hans A Gray, Anthony G Schache, Julian Feller, Richard de Steiger, Marcus G Pandy
No data are available to describe six-degree-of-freedom (6-DOF) knee-joint kinematics for one complete cycle of overground walking subsequent to total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aims of this study were firstly, to measure 6-DOF knee-joint kinematics and condylar motion for overground walking following TKA; and secondly, to determine whether such data differed between overground and treadmill gait when participants walked at the same speed during both tasks. A unique mobile biplane X-ray imaging system enabled accurate measurement of 6-DOF TKA knee kinematics during overground walking by simultaneously tracking and imaging the joint...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Norachart Sirisreetreerux, Babar Shafiq, Greg M Osgood, Erik A Hasenboehler
OBJECTIVES: To determine the location of distal medial neurovascular structures, identifying a medial "safe zone" for minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis to treat displaced femoral condylar fractures. METHODS: Eleven uninjured lower-half torsos were dissected on the bilateral medial lower thigh. A longitudinal incision was made at the midsagittal plane of the medial thigh starting 1 cm proximal to the knee joint and extending to the proximal one-third of the femur...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Chai Kobkitsuksakul, Pakorn Jiarakongmun, Ekachat Chanthanaphak, Sirintara Pongpech
PURPOSE: The classic symptoms and signs of carotid cavernous sinus fistula or cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) consist of eye redness, exophthalmos, and gaze abnormality. The angiography findings typically consist of arteriovenous shunt at cavernous sinüs with ophthalmic venous drainage with or without cortical venous reflux. In rare circumstances, the shunts are localized outside the cavernous sinus, but mimic symptoms and radiography of the cavernous shunt. We would like to present the other locations of the arteriovenous shunt, which mimic the clinical presentation of carotid cavernous fistulae, and analyze venous drainages...
October 21, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Liting Jiang, Xing Shen, Li Wei, Qi Zhou, Yiming Gao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate microarchitectural changes in condylar cartilage and associated subchondral bone after bisphosphonates treatment using an ovariectomized (OVX) osteoporosis rat model. METHODS: Thirty six-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham, OVX, and risedronate (RIS)-treated groups. Both OVX and RIS groups received bilateral ovariectomy. OVX group was treated subcutaneously with saline, whereas RIS group received risedronate treatment (2...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Krishan Kant Agarwal, Anirban Mukherjee, ArunRaj St, Madhavi Tripathi, Chandrasekhar Bal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incremental value of technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate (Tc-MDP) single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) over planar bone scintigraphy (BS) and SPECT for the diagnosis of active condylar hyperplasia (CH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of 21 patients (mean age: 21.9±5.3 years, 10 males, 11 females) who underwent Tc-MDP BS along with regional SPECT/CT for the diagnosis of active CH were retrospectively evaluated...
October 19, 2016: Nuclear Medicine Communications
Arunesh Tiwari, Jeevan Lata, Madan Mishra
AIMS: This study was set out to evaluate the relationship between the presence and absence of unerupted mandibular third molar and fracture of mandibular angle/condyle, and to analyse if prophylactic removal of symptom-free unerupted mandibular third molar is beneficial. METHODS: Hundred patients of mandible fracture were selected randomly irrespective of age, sex, caste, creed and socio-economic status. Data were collected from the patients on the basis of history, clinical examination and radiographs for the following information: age, sex, aetiology of fracture, presence and status of the mandibular third molar and location of mandible fracture...
September 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Chul-Won Ha, Jae Won Jang, Manyoung Kim, Sang-Eun Na, Han-Jun Lee, Yong-Beom Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of the radiographic 'condylar cut-off sign' to detect the presence of a complete discoid lateral meniscus in children and adolescents. METHODS: The radiographs of 166 subjects younger than 17 with complete discoid lateral meniscus as well as 153 age- and sex-matched subjects with normal meniscus were reviewed. The condylar cut-off sign, judged by the prominence ratio of the medial and lateral femoral condyles in tunnel view radiographs, was assessed...
October 17, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Limin Liu, Lin Chen, Zhihui Mai, Zhuli Peng, Kafung Yu, Guanqi Liu, Hong Ai
The role of myosin light chain II (MLC‑II) in cellular differentiation of rat mandibular condylar chondrocytes (MCCs) induced by cyclical uniaxial compressive stress (CUCS) remains unclear. In the current study, a four‑point bending system was used to apply CUCS to primary cultured MCCs from rats. It was identified that CUCS stimulated features of cellular differentiation including morphological alterations, cytoskeleton rearrangement and overproduction of proteoglycans. Furthermore, CUCS promoted runt‑related transcription factor‑2 (RUNX2) expression at mRNA (P<0...
September 26, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Rehan Ul Haq, Jaswant Kumar, I K Dhammi, Anil K Jain
Posterior dislocations of the hip are known to be associated with fractures of the femoral head, neck, shaft, or posterior acetabular wall. However, its association with ipsilateral intertrochanteric fracture has only been anecdotally described in the English literature. We report two such cases managed by open reduction (OR) of the hip and internal fixation (IF) of the intertrochanteric fracture. The first case was a 26-year-old male who was managed by OR of the hip with IF of the intertrochanteric fracture with a dynamic hip screw and had a good functional result at 1-year followup...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Jae-Young Kim, Bum-Joon Kim, Kwang-Ho Park, Jong-Ki Huh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the volume and position of the temporomandibular joint structures, specifically the glenoid fossa and the condylar head, in patients with facial asymmetry. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-six adult patients were divided into two groups-asymmetry group and control group-based on the severity of the mandibular asymmetry, as seen on their orthopantomograms. The volumes and positions of the bilateral temporomandibular joint components were measured by using computed tomography images and a three-dimensional analysis program...
August 31, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Jorge Delgado, Diego Jaramillo, Nancy A Chauvin
Increased physical activity in childhood has resulted in a large number of sports-related injuries. Although there is overlap between the sports-related injuries seen in pediatric and adult patients, important differences exist in the injury patterns of pediatric patients. These differences are related to the continuous changes in the developing skeleton and its relationship with adjacent soft tissues. The imbalance in strength between the growing bones and the nearby tendons and ligaments makes the bones prone to acute and chronic injuries...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Feiyu Wang, Yuhuan Sun, Dongmei He, Lizhen Wang
PURPOSE: To explore the potential use of concentrated growth factor (CGF) in the treatment of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgical defects were created bilaterally on the condylar cartilage and bone to induce TMJ-OA in goats. CGF was applied to the right joints (CGF group) and physiologic saline was applied to the left joints (unrepaired group). There was a 1-month period of observation after the operation. These joint specimens were evaluated and compared based on gross appearance and histopathologic observations with hematoxylin and eosin (HE)...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Eliane H Dutra, Mara H O' Brien, Alexandro Lima, Zana Kalajzic, Aditya Tadinada, Ravindra Nanda, Sumit Yadav
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cellular and matrix effects of botulinum toxin type A (Botox) on mandibular condylar cartilage (MCC) and subchondral bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Botox (0.3 unit) was injected into the right masseter of 5-week-old transgenic mice (Col10a1-RFPcherry) at day 1. Left side masseter was used as intra-animal control. The following bone labels were intraperitoneally injected: calcein at day 7, alizarin red at day 14 and calcein at day 21. In addition, EdU was injected 48 and 24 hours before sacrifice...
2016: PloS One
Ufuk Çorumlu, Cem Kopuz, Mehmet Tevfik Demir, Mennan Ece Pirzirenli
Elongation or hyperplasia of coronoid process of mandible is rare condition characterized by abnormal bone development which cause malocclusion and the limited mouth opening. In this study, in an Anatolian skull, a case of bilateral elongation of mandibular coronoid process was presented. Levandoski panographic analysis was performed on the panoramic radiographie to determine the hyperplasia of the coronoid process. The right condylar process was exactly hyperplastic. The measurements of Kr-Go/Cd-Go were 95...
September 2016: Anatomy & Cell Biology
Douglas Rangel Goulart, Pablo Muñoz, Mario Gonzalo Cantín López, Márcio de Moraes, Sergio Olate
PURPOSE: To compare the condylar volume of patients with unilateral condylar hyperplasia (UCH) with that of patients with a Class III skeletal relation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty cone-beam computed tomograms of patients were analyzed. Images were divided into 2 groups: 10 from patients with transverse asymmetry of the face and 10 from patients with a Class III facial deformity. Patients' ages ranged from 15 to 30 years. Volumetric data were reconstructed using Dolphin 3D software (Dolphin Imaging & Management Solutions, Chatsworth, CA)...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
John Vorrasi, Geoffrey Zinberg
Parotitis is a common occurrence in the immunocompromised, dehydrated, and malnourished patient as a result of dysfunctional ductal and parotid cells. Inflammation can be acute or chronic based on clinical history, and it can be suppurative based on the presence of micro or macro abscess formation within the substance of the gland. This report presents a case of concomitant condylar osteomyelitis and chronic suppurative parotitis in the setting of previous methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus foot infection...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Chun-Jui Weng, Chi-Chuan Wu, Kuo-Fun Feng, I-Chuan Tseng, Po-Cheng Lee, Yu-Chih Huang
BACKGROUND: Treatment of supraintercondylar (AO/OTA 33-C) and supracondylar (AO/OTA 33-A) femur fractures is generally challenging. Standard treatments include open reduction and internal fixation. However, optimal implants are now being well-defined. This study focus on the comparison between clinical and functional outcomes of fractures treated with condylar buttress plates (CBPs). METHODS: We treated 87 patients with supraintercondylar or supracondylar femur fracture from 2004 to 2008, including 30 supraintercondylar and 24 supracondylar fractures treated with CBPs...
October 4, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Gregory C Wernecke, Ian A Harrris, Bradley G Seeto, Darren B Chen, Samuel J MacDessi
BACKGROUND: Rotational alignment of prosthetic components in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is important to successful outcomes. Component malrotation is a known cause of revision and understanding normal rotational alignment may help recreate normal joint kinematics. To date, no large MRI study assessing femorotibial rotational alignment in nonarthritic knees has been undertaken. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Is Insall's tibial axis a reliable rotational landmark against common femoral rotational axes in the nonarthritic patient population? METHODS: We reviewed 544 knee MRI scans performed for suspected soft tissue pathology and identified Insall's tibial rotational axis as well as the femoral clinical trans-epicondylar axis (TEAc), femoral surgical trans-epicondylar axis (TEAs), posterior condylar articular axis (PCA), and a modified Eckhoff's cylindrical axis...
October 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
S Vo Quang, J Dichamp, C Tomat, M P Vazquez, A Picard, N Kadlub
INTRODUCTION: Subcondylar fractures are common in children. Occlusion disorders resulting from these fractures in deciduous or mixed dentition do not have as much impact as in adults due to alveolar adaption possibilities. Functional treatment allows for good functional results, but does not treat the dynamic shortening of the ramus. The objective of this study was to evaluate the axiographic condylar slope changes after subcondylar fracture in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted from 2010 to 2015, including all the under-18 patients presenting with a subcondylar fracture...
September 28, 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
Yoshihisa Tanaka, Shinichiro Nakamura, Shinichi Kuriyama, Hiromu Ito, Moritoshi Furu, Richard D Komistek, Shuichi Matsuda
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether a computer simulation with simple models can estimate individual in vivo knee kinematics, although some complex models have predicted the knee kinematics. The purposes of this study are first, to validate the accuracy of the computer simulation with our developed model during a squatting activity in a weight-bearing deep knee bend and then, to analyze the contact area and the contact stress of the tri-condylar implants for individual patients. METHODS: We compared the anteroposterior (AP) contact positions of medial and lateral condyles calculated by the computer simulation program with the positions measured from the fluoroscopic analysis for three implanted knees...
September 21, 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
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