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Multimorbidity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227046/prevalence-of-comorbidities-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-overlap-syndrome-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome
#1
Donato Lacedonia, Giovanna Elisiana Carpagnano, Giulia Patricelli, Mauro Carone, Crescenzio Gallo, Incoronata Caccavo, Roberto Sabato, Annarita Depalo, Maria Aliani, Alberto Capozzolo, Maria Pia Foschino Barbaro
INTRODUCTION: Sleep-disordered breathing causes a burden to the sufferer, the healthcare system, and the society. Most studies have focused on Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), however, the prevalence of comorbidities in patients affected by Overlap Syndrome (OS) and Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS) has not been carefully evaluated. STUDY OBJECTIVES: The principal aim of this study was to identify the presence of comorbidities in patients suffering from OSA, OS, OHS and the differences in three groups of patients...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224692/the-contribution-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-multimorbidity-implications-for-practice-and-policy
#2
REVIEW
Stephen J Duffield, Benjamin M Ellis, Nicola Goodson, Karen Walker-Bone, Philip G Conaghan, Tom Margham, Tracey Loftis
People frequently live for many years with multiple chronic conditions (multimorbidity) that impair health outcomes and are expensive to manage. Multimorbidity has been shown to reduce quality of life and increase mortality. People with multimorbidity also rely more heavily on health and care services and have poorer work outcomes. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are ubiquitous in multimorbidity because of their high prevalence, shared risk factors, and shared pathogenic processes amongst other long-term conditions...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223403/older-adults-undergoing-total-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty-chronicling-changes-in-their-multimorbidity-profile-in-the-last-two-decades
#3
Siran M Koroukian, Nicholas K Schiltz, David F Warner, Alison K Klika, Carlos A Higuera-Rueda, Wael K Barsoum
BACKGROUND: Despite the ubiquitous use of total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in older adults, little is known about the multimorbidity (MM) profile of this patient population. This study evaluates the temporal trends of MM, hypothesizing that patients with MM have had an increasingly greater representation in THA and TKA patients over time. METHODS: Data on a US representative sample of older adults from the linked Health and Retirement Study and Medicare data from 1993 to 2012 were used...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221456/effect-of-multimorbidity-on-quality-of-life-in-adult-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Bijan Shad, Asieh Ashouri, Tolou Hasandokht, Fatemeh Rajati, Arsalan Salari, Moona Naghshbandi, Fardin Mirbolouk
BACKGROUND: The aim of present study was to describe the effect of multimorbidity on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a simple sampling method of 296 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery in a referral hospital of the northern part of Iran was conducted between April, 2015 and September, 2016. Multimorbidity was defined as the presence of at least two chronic diseases based on self-reporting and medical records...
December 8, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216748/quality-of-care-for-patients-with-diabetes-and-mulitmorbidity-registered-at-nurse-practitioner-led-clinics
#5
Roberta Heale, Elizabeth Wenghofer, Susan James, Marie-Luce Garceau
Background Nurse Practitioner-Led Clinics are a new model of primary healthcare in Ontario. Nurse Practitioner-Led Clinics are distinctive in that nurse practitioners are the primary care providers working with an interprofessional team. There have been no evaluations of the quality of care within the Nurse Practitioner-Led Clinic model. Purpose Evaluation of the Nurse Practitioner-Led Clinic model, specifically for complex clinical presentations, will provide insights that may be used to inform improvements to the delivery of care in the Nurse Practitioner-Led Clinics...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206884/rapid-research-and-implementation-priority-setting-for-wound-care-uncertainties
#6
Trish A Gray, Jo C Dumville, Janice Christie, Nicky A Cullum
INTRODUCTION: People with complex wounds are more likely to be elderly, living with multimorbidity and wound related symptoms. A variety of products are available for managing complex wounds and a range of healthcare professionals are involved in wound care, yet there is a lack of good evidence to guide practice and services. These factors create uncertainty for those who deliver and those who manage wound care. Formal priority setting for research and implementation topics is needed to more accurately target the gaps in treatment and services...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205759/frailty-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-the-frailty-phenotype-and-frailty-index-findings-from-the-north-west-adelaide-health-study
#7
Mark Q Thompson, Olga Theou, Solomon Yu, Robert J Adams, Graeme R Tucker, Renuka Visvanathan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of frailty and associated factors in the North West Adelaide Health Study (2004-2006) using the Frailty Phenotype (FP) and Frailty Index (FI). METHODS: Frailty was measured in 909 community-dwelling participants aged ≥65 years using the FP and FI. RESULTS: The FP classified 18% of participants as frail and the FI 48%. The measures were strongly correlated (r = 0.76, P < 0.001) and had a kappa agreement of 0...
December 4, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204845/six-month-emergency-department-use-among-older-adults-following-jail-incarceration
#8
Jessi Humphreys, Cyrus Ahalt, Irena Stijacic-Cenzer, Eric Widera, Brie Williams
Although the number of older adults who are arrested and subject to incarceration in jail is rising dramatically, little is known about their emergency department (ED) use or the factors associated with that use. This lack of knowledge impairs the ability to design evidence-based approaches to care that would meet the needs of this population. This 6-month longitudinal study aimed to determine the frequency of 6-month ED use among 101 adults aged 55 or older enrolled while in jail and to identify factors associated with that use...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202104/a-health-profile-of-senior-aged-women-veterans-a-latent-class-analysis-of-condition-clusters
#9
Margaret E Gonsoulin, Ramon A Durazo-Arvizu, Karen M Goldstein, Guichan Cao, Qiuying Zhang, Dharani Ramanathan, Denise M Hynes
Background and Objectives: This study characterizes the multiple morbidities experienced by senior-aged women Veterans so that the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) and other healthcare systems may be better prepared to meet the healthcare needs of this growing cohort. Research Design and Methods: Using the VHA's Corporate Data Warehouse (CDW), we conducted a retrospective observational study of the 38,597 female veteran patients who were at least sixty-five years old and received care in the VHA during 2013 and 2014...
September 1, 2017: Innovation in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200192/the-associations-of-multimorbidity-with-health-related-productivity-loss-in-a-large-and-diverse-public-sector-setting-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Lili Wang, Fiona Cocker, Michelle Kilpatrick, Petr Otahal, Lei Si, Andrew J Palmer, Kristy Sanderson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate absenteeism, presenteeism, and total lost productive time (LPT) associated with multimorbidity. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 3228 state-government employees from Tasmania were collected in 2013. The validated measures of absenteeism, presenteeism, and LPT were obtained from employees' self-reported data over a 28-day period. Analyses were stratified by sex. Negative binomial models were used to estimate the associations between multimorbidity and LPT...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199370/measuring-medication-adherence-in-older-community-dwelling-patients-with-multimorbidity
#11
San Kim, Kathleen Bennett, Emma Wallace, Tom Fahey, Caitriona Cahir
PURPOSE: Older people with several chronic conditions require multiple drugs from different classes to be adequately treated. This study aims to: (i) measure medication adherence across multiple conditions and therapeutic drug groups in older community-dwelling patients, and (ii) examine the effect of multimorbidity on adherence. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of medication adherence in 855 community-dwelling patients aged ≥ 70 years from 15 practices in Ireland using the Health Service Executive Primary Care Reimbursement Service (HSE-PCRS) pharmacy claims database...
December 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198237/risk-correlates-for-physical-mental-multimorbidities-in-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
I Petersen, S Rathod, T Kathree, O Selohilwe, A Bhana
AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify the risk correlates for coexisting common mental disorders (CMDs) in the chronic care population in South Africa, with the view to identifying particularly vulnerable patient populations. METHODS: The sample comprised 2549 chronic care patients enrolled in the baseline and endline rounds of a facility detection survey conducted by the Programme for Improving Mental Health Care in three large facilities in the Dr Kenneth Kaunda district in the North West province of South Africa...
December 4, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196825/changes-in-prescription-patterns-in-older-hospitalized-patients-the-impact-of-forta-on-disease-related-over-and-under-treatments
#13
Farhad Pazan, Heinrich Burkhardt, Helmut Frohnhofen, Christel Weiss, Christina Throm, Alexandra Kuhn-Thiel, Martin Wehling
PURPOSE: Physicians often face difficulties in choosing appropriate medications for multimorbid older people. The FORTA (Fit for the Aged) classification (A: absolutely, B: beneficial, C: careful, D: don't) was proposed as a clinical tool for improving the quality of drug treatment in the aged. As an implicit tool, FORTA has been shown to aid medication optimization and improve clinical end points in the VALFORTA trial. In this prospective randomized controlled study, 207 older hospitalized patients received standard geriatric treatment and 202 patients received FORTA-guided treatment...
December 2, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194226/success-rate-of-tympanic-membrane-closure-in-the-elderly-compared-to-younger-adults
#14
Casper Jolink, Max R Zwemstra, Maarten J F de Wolf, Fenna A Ebbens, Erik van Spronsen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of tympanoplasty in elderly patients and the effect of frailty on the results. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Thirty-one ears in 30 patients aged 65 years and older were included and matched with 31 controls, based on the type of surgery, of a pool of 133 patients aged 35 to 55 years. INTERVENTION: Therapeutic...
November 30, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193557/a-three-goal-model-for-patients-with-multimorbidity-a-qualitative-approach
#15
Neeltje P Vermunt, Mirjam Harmsen, Glyn Elwyn, Gert P Westert, Jako S Burgers, Marcel G Olde Rikkert, Marjan J Faber
BACKGROUND: To meet the challenge of multimorbidity in decision making, a switch from a disease-oriented to a goal-oriented approach could be beneficial for patients and clinicians. More insight about the concept and the implementation of this approach in clinical practice is needed. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop conceptual descriptions of goal-oriented care by examining the perspectives of general practitioners (GPs) and clinical geriatricians (CGs), and how the concept relates to collaborative communication and shared decision making with elderly patients with multimorbidity...
November 28, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191494/low-protein-intake-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance-in-the-very-old-the-newcastle-85-study
#16
Antoneta Granic, Nuno Mendonça, Avan Aihie Sayer, Tom R Hill, Karen Davies, Ashley Adamson, Mario Siervo, John C Mathers, Carol Jagger
BACKGROUND: Low protein intake has been linked to reduced muscle strength and physical performance in older adults but little is known about how it may affect muscle health and subsequent functional decline in the very old (aged 85+), who are at enhanced risk of malnutrition and loss of muscle mass and strength. AIMS: To investigate the associations between low protein intake, defined as the intake of <1 g protein/kg adjusted body weight/day (<1 g/kg aBW/d) and decline in muscle strength and physical performance in the very old...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189913/association-between-multimorbidity-and-mean-platelet-volume-in-diabetic-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#17
Bartosz Hudzik, Ilona Korzonek-Szlacheta, Janusz Szkodziński, Radosław Liszka, Andrzej Lekston, Barbara Zubelewicz-Szkodzińska, Mariusz Gąsior
AIMS: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most frequently detected conditions in multimorbid disease clusters. Platelet activation is one of the key mechanisms underlying atherothrombosis in acute myocardial infarction. Available data link mean platelet volume (MPV) to poor prognosis not only in cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular disease. Given the lack of research data on the association between disease clusters and MPV, we have set out to investigate the link between multimorbidity and MPV in diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction...
November 30, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185174/physical-psychological-social-and-existential-symptoms-in-older-homeless-experienced-adults-an-observational-study-of-the-hope-home-cohort
#18
M Patanwala, L Tieu, C Ponath, D Guzman, C S Ritchie, Margot Kushel
BACKGROUND: The homeless population in the United States is aging. Aging-associated comorbidities are associated with increased symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of symptoms among older homeless-experienced adults, analyze factors associated with moderate-high physical symptom burden, and identify symptom clusters. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis within longitudinal cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Using population-based sampling from shelters, meal programs, encampments, and a recycling center in Oakland, CA, we recruited homeless adults aged ≥ 50 for a longitudinal cohort...
November 28, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176368/changes-in-case-mix-and-health-outcomes-of-medicare-fee-for-service-beneficiaries-and-managed-care-enrollees-during-the-years-1992-2011
#19
Siran M Koroukian, Jayasree Basu, Nicholas K Schiltz, Suparna Navale, Paul M Bakaki, David F Warner, Avi Dor, Charles W Given, Kurt C Stange
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that managed care enrollees (MCEs) and fee-for-service beneficiaries (FFSBs) have become similar in case-mix over time; but comparisons of health outcomes have yielded mixed results. OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in differentials between MCEs and FFSBs both in case-mix and health outcomes over time. DESIGN: Temporal study of the linked Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and Medicare data, comparing case-mix and health outcomes between MCEs and FFSBs across 3 time periods: 1992-1998, 1999-2004, and 2005-2011...
November 23, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170284/impact-of-multimorbidity-on-healthcare-professional-task-shifting-potential-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-care-a-french-cross-sectional-study
#20
Irène Supper, Yann Bourgueil, René Ecochard, Laurent Letrilliart
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the transferability of processes of care from general practitioners (GPs) to allied healthcare professionals and the determinants of such transferability. DESIGN: French national cross-sectional multicentre study SETTING: 128 family practices providing supervised training for residents in general practice. PARTICIPANTS: All patients consulting with their GP over a total number of 20 days (ie, 1 day a week from December 2011 to April 2012)...
November 22, 2017: BMJ Open
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