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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917817/risk-factors-associated-with-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-dentistry
#1
Sinem Bozkurt, Nesrin Demirsoy, Zafer Günendi
PURPOSE: To evaluate musculoskeletal system-related complaints; identify regions at risk in dentists by observing and inquiring the dentists at work; and find out the associations with age, sex, working years, academic position and departments, positions during work and daily working hours. METHODS: Modified Nordic Questionnaire (m-nMQ) was used to evaluate pain, hospital admissions and absenteeism. Quick Exposure Check (QEC) form was utilized to assess risk exposure levels related with low-back, neck, hand-wrist and shoulder-arm...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914499/exercise-training-improves-exercise-capacity-and-quality-of-life-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-a-randomized-pilot-trial
#2
Axel Pressler, Jeffrey W Christle, Benjamin Lechner, Viola Grabs, Bernhard Haller, Ina Hettich, David Jochheim, Julinda Mehilli, Rüdiger Lange, Sabine Bleiziffer, Martin Halle
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is increasingly applied for aortic stenosis in elderly patients with impaired mobility and reduced quality of life. These patients may particularly benefit from postinterventional exercise programs, but no randomized study has evaluated the safety and efficacy of exercise in this population. METHODS: In a prospective pilot study, 30 patients after TAVI (mean age, 81±6 years, 44% female, 83±34 days postintervention) were randomly allocated 1:1 to a training group (TG) performing 8 weeks of supervised combined endurance and resistance exercise or to usual care...
December 2016: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904800/cervical-contribution-to-functional-shoulder-impingement-two-case-reports
#3
Steven Pheasant
BACKGROUND: Subacromial impingement is a common condition among overhead athletes. The cause of subacromial impingement can be multifactorial and often involves impaired rotator cuff function. CASE DESCRIPTION: The following cases outline the presentation, examination and intervention of two overhead athletes, a high school football quarterback and a collegiate swimmer, each presenting with signs and symptoms of subacromial impingement. The unique feature in each case was the manifestation of the cervical spine as the apparent source of rotator cuff weakness, which contributed to functional subacromial impingement although other overt signs of cervical or associated nerve root involvement were absent...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900708/can-posterior-capsular-stretching-rehabilitation-protocol-change-scapula-kinematics-in-asymptomatic-baseball-pitchers
#4
A Pellegrini, P Tonino, D Salazar, K Hendrix, I Parel, A Cutti, P Paladini, F Ceccarelli, G Porcellini
PURPOSE: Scapular dyskinesis is a recognized cause of shoulder pain in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers and athletes who participate in overhead sports. Past studies have assessed scapular kinematics using electromagnetic tracking devices and have shown a correlation between posterior shoulder tightness and forward scapular posture. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the scapular kinematics, before and after a 4-week posterior stretching protocol in asymptomatic pitchers...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896952/muscle-strength-in-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-different-treatment-regimes
#5
Oliver Klassen, Martina E Schmidt, Cornelia M Ulrich, Andreas Schneeweiss, Karin Potthoff, Karen Steindorf, Joachim Wiskemann
BACKGROUND: Muscle dysfunction and sarcopenia have been associated with poor performance status, an increased mortality risk, and greater side effects in oncologic patients. However, little is known about how performance is affected by cancer therapy. We investigated muscle strength in breast cancer patients in different adjuvant treatment settings and also compared it with data from healthy individuals. METHODS: Breast cancer patients (N = 255) from two randomized controlled exercise trials, staged 0-III and aged 54...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893477/an-evaluation-of-agonist-antagonist-strength-ratios-and-posture-among-powerlifters
#6
Paul T Cutrufello, Stephen J Gadomski, Nicholas A Ratamess
Powerlifters routinely focus on three exercises: bench press, squat, and deadlift. This focus may predispose them to the development of muscle imbalances in either the upper or lower extremity which might also influence posture. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine the agonist:antagonist strength ratios and their relationship to postural measures among powerlifters. An expost facto study design compared fifteen male powerlifters (35.3±13.7 years old) and fifteen age-matched controls (34...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889273/is-subscapularis-recruited-in-a-similar-manner-during-shoulder-internal-rotation-exercises-and-belly-press-and-lift-off-tests
#7
Karen A Ginn, Darren Reed, Chelsea Jones, Anthony Downes, Ian Cathers, Mark Halaki
OBJECTIVES: Although the belly press and lift off tests are recommended to assess subscapularis function, shoulder internal rotation (IR) exercises performed in other shoulder positions are more commonly used to restore subscapularis function. It is not known if shoulder IR exercises specifically activate subscapularis to the same degree as the lift off and belly press tests, and thus have the potential to effect subscapularis strength gains. Therefore, the aim was to compare subscapularis activation levels with those of other shoulder internal rotator muscles during the belly press and lift off tests and shoulder IR exercise positions...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884499/comparison-of-three-types-of-exercise-in-the-treatment-of-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-shoulder-impingement-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Stuart R Heron, Steve R Woby, Dave P Thompson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of three different exercise programmes in treating rotator cuff tendinopathy/shoulder impingement syndrome. DESIGN: Parallel group randomised clinical trial. SETTING: Two out-patient NHS physiotherapy departments in Manchester, United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: 120 patients with shoulder pain of at least three months duration. Pain was reproduced on stressing the rotator cuff and participants had full passive range of movement at the shoulder...
September 21, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872403/biomechanical-analysis-of-weighted-ball-exercises-for-baseball-pitchers
#9
Glenn S Fleisig, Alek Z Diffendaffer, Kyle T Aune, Brett Ivey, Walter A Laughlin
BACKGROUND: Weighted-ball throwing programs are commonly used in training baseball pitchers to increase ball velocity. The purpose of this study was to compare kinematics and kinetics among weighted-ball exercises with values from standard pitching (ie, pitching standard 5-oz baseballs from a mound). HYPOTHESIS: Ball and arm velocities would be greater with lighter balls and joint kinetics would be greater with heavier balls. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
November 21, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870754/framed-interactive-theory-driven-texting-effects-of-message-framing-on-health-behavior-change-for-weight-loss
#10
Anne Cohen, Alyssa Perozich, Radha Rajan, Susan Persky, Jeanine Parisi, Janice Bowie, Jenna Fahle, Jeremy Cho, Aravind Krishnan, Zoe Cohen, Adaora Ezike, Cara Schulte, Jarrett Taylor, Douglas Storey, Rafay Syed Ahmed, Lawrence J Cheskin
More approaches to support weight control are needed, especially among racial minorities who shoulder a disproportionate obesity burden. Using an approach influenced by regulatory fit theory, we conducted a 28-day, 4-arm experimental trial with 89 obese adults recruited from urban, predominantly African American churches to ascertain the efficacy of framed text messages to motivate behaviors conducive to weight loss. Participants were assigned to receive message framing that was matched versus mismatched to their motivational orientation...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842938/effects-of-a-resistance-and-stretching-training-program-on-forward-head-and-protracted-shoulder-posture-in-adolescents
#11
Rodrigo Miguel Ruivo, Pedro Pezarat-Correia, Ana Isabel Carita
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 16-week resistance and stretching training program applied in physical education (PE) classes on forward head posture and protracted shoulder posture in Portuguese adolescents. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, controlled study was conducted in 2 secondary schools. One hundred and thirty adolescents (aged 15-17 years) with forward head and protracted shoulder posture were randomly assigned to a control or experimental group...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836071/the-treatment-of-neck-pain-associated-disorders-and-whiplash-associated-disorders-a-clinical-practice-guideline
#12
André E Bussières, Gregory Stewart, Fadi Al-Zoubi, Philip Decina, Martin Descarreaux, Jill Hayden, Brenda Hendrickson, Cesar Hincapié, Isabelle Pagé, Steven Passmore, John Srbely, Maja Stupar, Joel Weisberg, Joseph Ornelas
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to develop a clinical practice guideline on the management of neck pain-associated disorders (NADs) and whiplash-associated disorders (WADs). This guideline replaces 2 prior chiropractic guidelines on NADs and WADs. METHODS: Pertinent systematic reviews on 6 topic areas (education, multimodal care, exercise, work disability, manual therapy, passive modalities) were assessed using A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) and data extracted from admissible randomized controlled trials...
October 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827880/wearable-imu-for-shoulder-injury-prevention-in-overhead-sports
#13
Samir A Rawashdeh, Derek A Rafeldt, Timothy L Uhl
Body-worn inertial sensors have enabled motion capture outside of the laboratory setting. In this work, an inertial measurement unit was attached to the upper arm to track and discriminate between shoulder motion gestures in order to help prevent shoulder over-use injuries in athletics through real-time preventative feedback. We present a detection and classification approach that can be used to count the number of times certain motion gestures occur. The application presented involves tracking baseball throws and volleyball serves, which are common overhead movements that can lead to shoulder and elbow overuse injuries...
November 3, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824237/focused-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-combined-with-supervised-eccentric-training-for-supraspinatus-calcific-tendinopathy
#14
Ettore Carlisi, Claudio Lisi, Anna Dall'angelo, Serena Monteleone, Vincenza Nola, Carmine Tinelli, Elena Dalla Toffola
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal shock wave therapy is effective in reducing shoulder pain and improving function in calcific supraspinatus tendinopathy. Eccentric exercise has been introduced as an effective treatment choice for Achilles tendinopathy, but poor evidence exists about its role in the treatment of rotator cuff tendinopathy. AIM: To investigate if adding a supervised eccentric training of the shoulder abductor muscles could improve the outcome of extracorporeal shock wave therapy...
November 8, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823916/-deep-venous-thrombosis-of-the-upper-limb-in-a-violin-player-the-bow-syndrome
#15
H Sanson, V Gautier, A Stansal, D Sfeir, C Franceschi, P Priollet
BACKGROUND: Exercise-induced thrombosis is a rare cause of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the upper limb and usually affects young subjects without comorbid conditions. The diagnosis may be challenging. CASE REPORT: A 23-year-old female right-handed French teacher and amateur violin player presented with edema of the root of the right arm associated with erythrocyanosis of the extremity and collateral circulation of the shoulder. History taking revealed oral contraception and recent change in violin playing habits...
November 4, 2016: Journal des Maladies Vasculaires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821933/the-effect-of-exercise-types-for-rotator-cuff-repair-patients-on-activities-of-shoulder-muscles-and-upper-limb-disability
#16
Jeong-Il Kang, Young-Jun Moon, Hyun Choi, Dae-Keun Jeong, Hye-Min Kwon, Jun-Su Park
[Purpose] This study investigated the effect on activities, shoulder muscle fatigue, upper limb disability of two exercise types performed by patients in the post- immobilization period of rotator cuff repair. [Subjects and Methods] The intervention program was performed by 20 patients from 6 weeks after rotator cuff repair. Ten subjects each were randomly allocated to a group performing open kinetic chain exercise and a group preforming closed kinetic chain exercise. Muscle activity and median frequency were measured by using sEMG and the Upper Extremity Function Assessment before and after conducting the intervention and changes in the results were compared...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821927/changes-in-the-electromyographic-activities-of-the-infraspinatus-and-posterior-deltoid-according-to-abduction-angles-of-the-shoulder-joint-during-shoulder-external-rotation-in-closed-kinetic-chain-exercise
#17
Daehee Lee, Sangyong Lee, Seulki Han
[Purpose] This study's purpose was to identify abduction angles of the shoulder joint that can provide effective infraspinatus muscle exercises while minimizing the muscle activity of the posterior deltoid muscle. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 15 healthy young students in their 20s. Subjects adopted a standing position and performed shoulder external abduction while pushing their hands against the wall. The current research was undertaken to compare the activity of the infraspinatus muscle and the posterior deltoid muscle at abduction angles of 45, 90 and 135° of the shoulder joint during closed kinetic chain exercises...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799661/effects-of-manual-therapy-on-shoulder-pain-in-office-workers
#18
Seong-Uk Go, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of manual therapy on shoulder pain in office workers. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects included 38 office workers who were randomly divided into two groups: a manual therapy group of 19 subjects and a shoulder stabilization exercise group of 19 subjects. All subjects underwent evaluation of the pressure pain threshold in the splenius capitis and upper, middle, and lower trapezius muscles on both sides. The manual therapy used in the study was designed to include soft-tissue mobilization, prone thoracic mobilization, prone selected thoracic mobilization, cervical mobilization, and thoracic manipulation...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792019/the-effects-of-electromyography-triggered-electrical-stimulation-on-shoulder-subluxation-muscle-activation-pain-and-function-in-stroke-patients-pilot-study
#19
So-Myung Jeon, Young Kim, Kyoung-Sim Jung, Yi-Jung Chung
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of task-oriented electromyography-triggered stimulation for shoulder subluxation, muscle activation, pain and upper extremity function in hemiparetic stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty participants with subacute hemiparetic stroke were recruited for this study and were randomly divided into two groups: experimental group (n = 10) and control group (n = 10). Subjects in the experimental group participated in task-oriented electromyography triggered stimulation for 30 minutes, five times a week for four weeks, whereas the control group received cyclic functional electrical stimulation for 30 minutes, five times a week for four weeks...
October 25, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787297/development-of-a-web-exercise-video-for-patients-with-shoulder-problems
#20
Kyung Hye Park, Mi Ryeong Song
The purpose of this study was to develop a Web video designed to promote regular shoulder joint exercise on a continuous basis among patients with shoulder joint disease. This is a methodological research. A shoulder joint exercise video was developed through the five stages of the ADDIE model: analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. The video demonstrates exercises that stretch and strengthen the joints and muscles of the shoulders. Stretching exercises include the pendulum, forward elevation, outer rotation, crossover arm stretch, inner rotation, and the sleeper; strengthening exercises include dumbbell exercises, a chair exercise, wall push-ups, and rowing...
October 25, 2016: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
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