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Shoulder exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331927/bilateral-shoulder-arthrodesis-in-a-pekinese-using-three-dimensional-printed-patient-specific-osteotomy-and-reduction-guides
#1
Bill Oxley
OBJECTIVE: To report the use of computer-aided design software for virtual surgical planning and design of three-dimensional printed patient-specific osteotomy and reduction guides for facilitation of bilateral shoulder arthrodesis in a dog. METHODS: A three-year-old male entire Pekinese was presented unable to walk due to bilateral severe medial shoulder instability. Computed tomographic data was processed to yield three-dimensional mesh representations of the humeri and scapulae which could be manipulated in computer-aided design software...
March 23, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331763/effects-of-clinical-pilates-exercises-on-patients-developing-lymphedema-after-breast-cancer-treatment-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Hülya Özlem Şener, Mehtap Malkoç, Gülbin Ergin, Didem Karadibak, Tuğba Yavuzşen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of clinical Pilates exercises with those of the standard lymphedema exercises on lymphedema developing after breast cancer treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 60 female patients with a mean age of 53.2±7.7 years who developed lymphedema after having breast cancer treatment. The patients were randomized into two groups: the clinical Pilates exercise group (n=30), and the control group (n=30)...
January 2017: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331754/informational-needs-of-postmastectomy-patients
#3
Duygu Soydaş Yeşilyurt, Ümmü Yıldız Fındık
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine informational needs of postmastectomy patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted in the general surgery clinics of a university health center for medical research and practice with 72 voluntary patients. For data collection, a patient identification form was used, which was prepared by the researchers in accordance with the literature. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 52...
October 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318848/randomized-controlled-trial-of-supervised-physiotherapy-versus-a-home-exercise-program-after-hydrodilatation-for-the-management-of-primary-frozen-shoulder
#4
Paul M Robinson, Jennie Norris, Christopher P Roberts
HYPOTHESIS AND BACKGROUND: Hydrodilatation and physiotherapy are commonly used treatments for primary frozen shoulder. Little is known about the optimal form of physiotherapy. This study reports a randomized controlled trial comparing 2 forms of physiotherapy after hydrodilatation. The null hypothesis was that there would be no difference between the 2 groups at 1 year as measured by the Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS). METHODS: We randomized 41 patients undergoing hydrodilatation for primary frozen shoulder into 2 treatment groups: group 1 (n = 20) underwent supervised physiotherapy in addition to a home exercise program, and group 2 (n = 21) followed a self-directed home exercise program in isolation...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315479/biopsychosocial-influence-on-shoulder-pain-rationale-and-protocol-for-a-pre-clinical-trial
#5
Steven Z George, Roland Staud, Paul A Borsa, Samuel S Wu, Margaret R Wallace, Warren H Greenfield, Lauren N Mackie, Roger B Fillingim
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions are a prevalent and disabling problem. Preventing chronic musculoskeletal pain requires multifactorial treatment approaches that address its complex etiology. Prior cohort studies identified a high risk subgroup comprised of variation in COMT genotype and pain catastrophizing. This subgroup had increased chance of heightened pain responses (in a pre-clinical model) and higher 12month post-operatives pain intensity ratings (in a clinical model)...
March 14, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314695/a-systematic-review-of-cost-effective-treatment-of-postoperative-rotator-cuff-repairs
#6
REVIEW
Rebecca N Dickinson, John E Kuhn, Jamie L Bergner, Katherine H Rizzone
OBJECTIVE: The Bundled Payments for Care Improvement initiative combines payment of multiple services for episodes of care into 1 bundle. Rotator cuff repair is a likely candidate for future inclusion. The objective of this study was to determine cost-effective, high-quality postoperative rehabilitation dosing and cryotherapy for patients undergoing rotator cuff repair based on systematic review of the literature. METHODS: Systematic review of level I and level II articles was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Databases, and PEDro...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304226/integration-of-active-pauses-and-pattern-of-muscular-activity-during-computer-work
#7
Nancy St-Onge, Afshin Samani, Pascal Madeleine
Submaximal isometric muscle contractions have been reported to increase variability of muscle activation during computer work; however, other types of active contractions may be more beneficial. Our objective was to determine which type of active pause vs. rest is more efficient in changing muscle activity pattern during a computer task. Asymptomatic regular computer users performed a standardised 20-min computer task four times, integrating a different type of pause: sub-maximal isometric contraction, dynamic contraction, postural exercise and rest...
March 17, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299299/effect-of-early-physical-activity-programs-on-motor-performance-and-neuromuscular-development-in-infants-born-preterm-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Leila Valizadeh, Mahnaz Sanaeefar, Mohammad Bager Hosseini, Mohammad Asgari Jafarabadi, Aryan Shamili
Introduction: Although the survival rate of infants born preterm has increased, the prevalence of developmental problems and motor disorders among this population of infants remains the same. This study investigated the effect of physical activity programs in and out of water on motor performance and neuromuscular development of infants born preterm and had induced immobility by mechanical ventilation. Methods: This study was carried out in Al-Zahra hospital, Tabriz. 76 premature infants were randomly assigned into four groups...
March 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296750/comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-in-all-arthroscopic-versus-mini-open-repair-of-rotator-cuff-tears-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Jin Liu, Lin Fan, Yingbo Zhu, Haotong Yu, Tianyang Xu, Guodong Li
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing all-arthroscopic (AA) or mini-open (MO) rotator cuff repair. METHODS: The present study evaluated 50 patients who had undergone AA repair and 50 patients who had undergone MO repair with a minimum 1-year follow-up. Every patient was asked to complete the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and visual analog scale (VAS) questionnaires. Constant-Murley score (CMS) and active ranges, forward flexion and external rotation, were also evaluated and documented...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291825/development-and-evaluation-of-a-soft-wearable-weight-support-device-for-reducing-muscle-fatigue-on-shoulder
#10
Daegeun Park, Kyu-Jin Cho
Compensating the weight of human limbs is important in reducing muscle fatigue experienced by manual laborers. In this study, a compact and lightweight soft wearable weight support device was developed and evaluated. The device supports gravitational force on the shoulder at any arm posture, although there are some limitations in its assistive performance. The device actuator consists of a cam-rod structure, a tendon-driven mechanism, and a rubber band. The desired assistive torque is translated to the shoulder joint along a tendon routing structure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290956/multidisciplinary-in-situ-simulation-based-training-as-a-postpartum-hemorrhage-quality-improvement-project
#11
Monica A Lutgendorf, Carmen Spalding, Elizabeth Drake, Dennis Spence, Jason O Heaton, Kristina V Morocco
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage is a common obstetric emergency affecting 3 to 5% of deliveries, with significant maternal morbidity and mortality. Effective management of postpartum hemorrhage requires strong teamwork and collaboration. We completed a multidisciplinary in situ postpartum hemorrhage simulation training exercise with structured team debriefing to evaluate hospital protocols, team performance, operational readiness, and real-time identification of system improvements...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269804/the-application-of-a-feasible-exercise-training-program-in-the-office-setting
#12
Ardalan Shariat, Eddie T C Lam, Mehdi Kargarfard, Shamsul B M Tamrin, Mahmoud Danaee
BACKGROUND: Previous research support the claim that people who work in offices and sit for a long time are particularly prone to musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this paper is to introduce an exercise training program designed to decrease muscle stiffness and pain that can be performed in the office setting. METHODS: Forty healthy office workers (age: 28±5.3 years old; body mass: 87.2±10.2 kg; height: 1.79±0...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269802/musculoskeletal-disorders-caused-by-gas-cylinder-handling-tasks-a-case-study-report
#13
Yi-Lang Chen, Chiao-Ying Yu, Da-Yung Lin
This case study used the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) to explore work that involves handling gas cylinders and to determine risk factors that may cause related injuries. The NMQ survey was distributed to 100 gas cylinder handlers in Taiwan, and their handling tasks were analyzed. The results showed that the overall prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was 91% within 1 year. More than half of the respondents (62%) experienced shoulder discomfort, followed by lower back/waist (57%) and neck (47%) discomfort...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269582/progressive-abduction-loading-therapy-targeting-flexion-synergy-to-regain-reaching-function-in-chronic-stroke-preliminary-results-from-an-rct
#14
Michael D Ellis, Carolina Carmona, Justin Drogos, Stuart Traxel, Julius P A Dewald
Reaching function is impaired following stroke due to abnormal coupling of shoulder abduction and elbow flexion. This phenomenon is commonly referred to as flexion synergy, loss of independent joint control, or impaired joint individuation. We have been successful in treating individuals with chronic stroke with moderate to severe motor impairments through the employment of targeted rehabilitation robotics and identified progressive abduction loading as a key element to the rehabilitation of reaching. Here we expand upon the investigation of progressive abduction loading therapy by testing two variants of the exercise in a larger sample and including a 3-month follow-up...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268758/optical-measurement-of-breathing-algorithm-volume-calibration-and-preliminary-validation-on-healthy-trained-subjects
#15
C Massaroni, E Cassetta, I K Levai, S Winter, J W Dickinson, S Silvestri
The use of optical technologies may be beneficial when measuring breathing biomechanics. The purpose of this study was twofold: i) to enhance the optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) algorithm performance for the volume estimation by the use of a novel volume calibration procedure and ii) to compare the OEP volumes gained by a commercial optoelectronic system against actual respiratory volumes measured by a breath-by-breath gas analyzer (BbB). The OEP volume algorithm calibration was performed by the use of a novel volume calibration procedure based on both a calibrator device that delivered known volumes changes and one ad-hoc designed software for the static and dynamic calibration analysis...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257619/complaints-of-upper-extremity-numbness-and-tingling-relieved-with-dry-needling-of-the-teres-minor-and-infraspinatus-a-case-report
#16
Elizabeth Lane, Derek Clewley, Shane Koppenhaver
Study Design Case report. Background Abnormal sensation, such as numbness or tingling, is traditionally thought to originate from neural compression. There is limited evidence to support reports of abnormal sensation arising from a trigger point. Case Description The patient was a 60-year-old female with primary complaints of right shoulder pain and secondary complaints of neck pain and right upper extremity numbness. Cervical spine neurological examination was unremarkable, and manual examination did not reproduce the patient's arm numbness or tingling symptoms...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257617/examination-of-the-validity-of-a-clinical-prediction-rule-to-identify-patients-with-shoulder-pain-likely-to-benefit-from-cervicothoracic-manipulation
#17
Paul E Mintken, Amy W McDevitt, Lori A Michener, Robert E Boyles, Amber R Beardslee, Scott A Burns, Matthew D Haberl, Lauren A Binder, Joshua A Cleland
Study Design Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. Background Prognostic variables identifying patients with shoulder pain who are likely to respond to cervicothoracic (CT) manipulation have been reported, however they have yet to be validated. Objective To examine the validity of previously reported prognostic variables in predicting which patients with shoulder pain will respond to cervicothoracic manipulation. Methods Participants (n=140) with a report of shoulder pain were randomly assigned to receive either 2 sessions of range of motion (ROM) exercises plus 6 sessions of stretching and strengthening exercises (Ex group), or 2 sessions of CT manipulation and ROM exercises followed by 6 sessions of stretching and strengthening exercise (MT+Ex group)...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253059/are-injuries-more-common-with-crossfit-training-than-other-forms-of-exercise
#18
Chelsey Klimek, Christopher Ashbeck, Alexander J Brook, Chris Durall
Clinical Scenario: CrossFit is a form of exercise that incorporates rapid and successive high-intensity, ballistic movements. As CrossFit becomes an increasingly popular fitness option, it is important to determine how rates of injury compare to more traditional forms of exercise. This review was conducted to ascertain the incidence of injury with CrossFit relative to other forms of exercise. Focused Clinical Question: Are injuries more common with CrossFit training than other forms of exercise? Summary of Key Findings The literature was searched for studies that compared injury rates among individuals who participated in CrossFit fitness programs to participants in other exercise programs The search initially yielded >100 results which was narrowed down to three level 2b retrospective cohort studies that was deemed to have met inclusion/exclusion criteria In all three reviewed studies, the reported incidences of injuries associated with CrossFit training programs were comparable or lower than rates of injury in Olympic weightlifting, distance running, track and field, rugby, or gymnastics...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251037/health-related-quality-of-life-and-musculoskeletal-function-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-after-compared-to-before-short-term-group-based-aqua-exercises
#19
Anna Enblom, Martin Wicher, Therese Nordell
This study assessed health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and musculoskeletal function in patients with musculoskeletal disorders after participation in group-based aqua-exercising, compared to before participation. Physiotherapists instructed group-based aqua-exercising for 30 min twice a week for 8 weeks in 39 patients (81% women, mean age 55 ± 12 years), with musculoskeletal disorders located in the back (28%), neck (17%), general myalgia (21%), lower extremities (9%), shoulder (7%) and multiple/other regions (18%)...
October 1, 2016: European Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245853/a-neuromuscular-exercise-programme-versus-standard-care-for-patients-with-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-sinex-study
#20
Henrik Eshoj, Sten Rasmussen, Lars Henrik Frich, Inge Hvass, Robin Christensen, Steen Lund Jensen, Jens Søndergaard, Karen Søgaard, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
BACKGROUND: Anterior shoulder dislocation is a common injury and may have considerable impact on shoulder-related quality of life (QoL). If not warranted for initial stabilising surgery, patients are mostly left with little to no post-traumatic rehabilitation. This may be due to lack of evidence-based exercise programmes. In similar, high-impact injuries (e.g. anterior cruciate ligament tears in the knee) neuromuscular exercise has shown large success in improving physical function and QoL...
February 28, 2017: Trials
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