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Shoulder exercise

Jae Hong Lee, Dong Ki Min, Han Seong Choe, Jin Hwan Lee, So Hong Shin
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of arm and leg posture elements on symmetrical weight bearing during Sit to Stand tasks in chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were diagnosed with stroke and 22 patients (15 males and 7 females) participated in this study. All participants performed Sit to Stand tasks on three foot postures and two arm postures. Two force plates were used to measure peak of vertical ground reaction force and symmetrical ratio to peak Fz...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Rizwan Haider, Muhammad Salman Bashir, Muhammad Adeel, Muhammad Junaid Ijaz, Azhar Ayub
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of conservative exercise therapy with and without Maitland thoracic manipulation in patients with subacromial pain. METHODS: The randomised controlled trial study was conducted at the Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from June 2015 to February 2016, and comprised patients with subacromial pain (group 1) and controls (group 2).Pre-assessment was done by using numeric pain rating scale and shoulder pain and disability index as subjective measurements, while range of motion was taken as objective measurement...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Tao Jiang, Lin Jiang, Jun-de Shi, Yong-Ge Jiang, Du-Liang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the treatment skill and clinical effect of bone setting manipulation in treating proximal humeral fracture with shoulder dislocation. METHODS: From January 2015 to December 2015, 118 cases of proximal humeral fractures with shoulder joint dislocation were treated by bone setting reduction and fixation with adhesive tape or Kirschner wire after reduction, including 56 males and 62 females with an average age of 61 years old ranging from 48 to 88 years old...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Qing-Feng Shen, Xin Wen, Sheng-Wu Yang, Xin Chen, Wei-Xing Fan, Guo-Zhu Xu, Fang-Zheng Yu, Jun-Yi Zhu, Jian Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy of minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis(MIPPO)and open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in treating senile NEER IIproximal humerus fractures. METHODS: From March 2014 to March 2016, 46 elderly patients with Neer II proximal humerus fractures were retrospectively reviewed. Among them, 20 patients in MIPPO group included 9 males and 11 females with an average age of (70.4±4.4) years old; while 26 patients in ORIF group included 11 males and 15 females with an average age of (70...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Jieun Cho, Kyeongbong Lee, Minkyu Kim, Joohee Hahn, Wanhee Lee
This study aimed to investigate the effect of double oscillation exercise combined with elastic band exercise on the strength and thickness ratio of the scapular stabilizing muscles in healthy young individuals. A total of 30 subjects (17 male, 13 female) were randomly assigned to an elastic band exercise group (EBG) (n = 15) or an elastic band plus double oscillation exercise group (EB-DOG) (n = 15). A total of 28 subjects completed the experiment and evaluation. Patients in the EBG performed the elastic band exercise for shoulder flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, horizontal abduction/adduction, and internal/external rotation for 30 minutes/session, five times/week, for four weeks...
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Rahman Rahimi
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of CYP1A2 -163C>A polymorphism on the ergogenic effects of caffeine supplementation during a resistance exercise (RE) session. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo (PL)-controlled, crossover study, 30 resistance-trained men took part in two RE sessions (three sets to failure at 85% of one repetition maximum, 2-min rest between sets), including bench press (BP), leg press (LP), seated cable row, and shoulder press (SP) following caffeine (CAF) (6 mg kg-1 ) or PL (6 mg kg-1 of maltodextrin) ingestion 1 h prior to the trial...
March 12, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Jonas Verbrugghe, Els Knippenberg, Steven Palmaers, Thomas Matheve, Wout Smeets, Peter Feys, Annemie Spooren, Annick Timmermans
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a burden on the healthcare system. Exercise therapy is an important part of MSD rehabilitation. Motion detection systems are developed to support exercise therapy settings. This systematic review aims 1) to investigate which types of motion detection systems have been used as a technological support for exercise therapy, 2) to investigate the characteristics of motion detection supported exercise therapy in relation to its clinical indications, and 3) to evaluate the effectiveness of motion detection supported exercise therapy, in MSD rehabilitation...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Katie A Butera, Steven Z George, Paul A Borsa, Geoffrey C Dover
OBJECTIVES: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is commonly used for reducing musculoskeletal pain to improve function. However, peripheral nerve stimulation using TENS can alter muscle motor output. Few studies examine motor outcomes following TENS in a human pain model. Therefore, this study investigates the influence of TENS sensory stimulation primarily on motor output (strength) and secondarily on pain and disability following exercise-induced delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS)...
March 5, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Mikkel Bek Clausen, Thomas Bandholm, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Karl Bang Christensen, Mette Kreutzfeldt Zebis, Thomas Graven-Nielsen, Per Hölmich, Kristian Thorborg
BACKGROUND: Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) is a painful, and often long lasting, shoulder condition affecting patient function and quality of life. In a recent study, we observed major strength impairments in shoulder external rotation and abduction (~30%) in a population of patients with pronounced and long-lasting SIS. However, the current rehabilitation of such strength impairments may be inadequate, with novel rehabilitation programmes including exercise therapy only improving external rotation strength by 4-13%...
March 2, 2018: Trials
Jessy Lauer, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Annie Hélène Rouard
BACKGROUND: The mechanical demands of underwater shoulder exercises have only been assessed indirectly via electromyographical measurements. Yet, this is insufficient to understand all the clinical implications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate musculoskeletal system loading during slow (30°/s) scapular plane arm elevation and lowering performed in two media (air vs water) and body positions (sitting vs supine). METHODS: Eighteen participants' upper bodies were scanned and virtually animated within unsteady numerical fluid flow simulations to compute hydrodynamic forces...
February 27, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
Ruben Posada-Gómez, Roberto A Montaño-Murillo, Albino Martínez-Sibaja, Giner Alor-Hernández, Alberto A Aguilar-Lasserre, Miriam C Reyes-Fernández
PURPOSE: One of the most important aspects in neuromotor rehabilitation is the need of feedback for patients. The rehabilitation system's efficiency relies on the therapist's judgment; the therapist tells the patient whether he/she is performing the exercises correctly. This process may be quite subjective, because it depends on the therapist's personal opinion. On the other hand, recent studies have shown that vibrotactile biofeedback can improve the effectiveness of interaction as it is a very helpful tool in the physiological process of neuromotor rehabilitation...
March 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
Mikkel B Clausen, Mikas B Merrild, Adam Witten, Karl B Christensen, Mette K Zebis, Per Hölmich, Kristian Thorborg
Background: Impaired patient-reported shoulder function and pain, external-rotation strength, abduction strength, and abduction range-of-motion (ROM) is reported in patients with subacromial impingement (SIS). However, it is unknown how much strength and ROM improves in real-life practice settings with current care. Furthermore, outcomes of treatment might depend on specific rehabilitation parameters, such as the time spent on exercises (exercise-time), number of physiotherapy sessions (physio-sessions) and number of corticosteroid injections, respectively...
2018: PeerJ
Anthony B Ciccone, Jake A Deckert, Cory R Schlabs, Max J Tilden, Trent J Herda, Philip M Gallagher, Joseph P Weir
Stimulation of the left insular cortex may affect heart rate variability (HRV) and exercise effort perception. These studies investigated the effects transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and electrode orientation on HRV and repeated maximal knee extensions. In study 1, following sham stimulation, anodal left temporal lobe stimulation, or anodal right temporal lobe stimulation, 10 male and 10 female subjects (age=21.0±1.5 yr) completed 50 maximum isokinetic extensions at 180°s. There was a significant effect of stimulation condition on HRV for only one (SD2; p=...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jin-Taek Kim, Suhn-Yeop Kim, Duck-Won Oh
This case report demonstrates the effects of a scapular stabilization exercise program for managing the clinical symptoms of scapular dyskinesis in an archer presenting joint noise during shoulder movement. A 31-year-old man with a 20-year career in archery who complained of scapular dyskinesis and joint noise during shoulder movement was referred for proper management. The player performed the scapular stabilization exercise program, with an emphasis on strengthening scapular stabilizers and neutralization of scapular position, for 40 min, three times per week for 8 weeks (a total of 24 sessions)...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Shuxiang Li, Han Sun, Xiaomin Luo, Kun Wang, Guofeng Wu, Jian Zhou, Peng Wang, Xiaoliang Sun
BACKGROUND: The argument on the recommended rehabilitation protocol following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair remains to be resolved. So this meta-analysis was presented to evaluate the differences of clinical effects between the 2 distinct rehabilitation protocols after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. METHODS: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and EMBASE were systematically searched. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published up to July 25, 2017, comparing early passive motion (EPM) versus delayed passive motion (DPM) rehabilitation protocols following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair were identified...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shehryar N Khawaja, Steven J Scrivani, David A Keith
BACKGROUND: Ischemic heart disease manifests as pain on the left side, in the retrosternal or the precordial region, with subsequent radiation to the ipsilateral shoulder, face, and cervical region. Less frequently, it may manifest solely as face pain. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 57-year-old man sought care at the Massachusetts General Hospital Oral and Maxillofacial Pain Center with a symptom of pain in the mandibular left posterior region, in the medial aspect of the ipsilateral eye, and in the left side of the neck...
March 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Nam G Lee, H You Joshua Sung, Chung H Yi, Hye S Jeon, Bong S Choi, Dong R Lee, Jae M Park, Tae H Lee, In T Ryu, Hyun S Yoon
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of conventional core stabilization (CCS) and dynamic neuromuscular stabilization (DNS) on anticipatory postural adjustment (APA) time, balance performance, and fear of falls in chronic hemiparetic stroke. DESIGN: Two-group randomized controlled trial with pretest-posttest design SETTING: Hospital's rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight adults with chronic hemiparetic stroke INTERVENTION: Participants were randomly divided into either CCS (n=14) or DNS (n=14) groups...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Bolette S Rafn, Stanley Hung, Alison M Hoens, Margaret L McNeely, Chiara A Singh, Winkle Kwan, Carol Dingee, Elaine C McKevitt, Urve Kuusk, Jinsi Pao, Nancy Van Laeken, Charlie H Goldsmith, Kristin L Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prospective surveillance and targeted physiotherapy (PSTP) compared to education (EDU) on the prevalence of arm morbidity and describe the associated program cost. DESIGN: Pilot randomized single-blinded controlled trial. SETTING: Urban with assessments and treatment delivered in hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Women scheduled for breast cancer surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to PSTP ( n = 21) or EDU ( n = 20) and assessed presurgery and 12 months postsurgery...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Cordula Braun, Helen H Handoll
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about Minimal Important Differences (MIDs) is essential for the interpretation of continuous outcomes, especially patient-reported outcome measures (PROMS). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the MID for the Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index (WORC: score 0 (best) to 2100 (worst disability)) in adults with shoulder pain associated with partial-thickness rotator cuff tears, 'symptomatic PTTs', undergoing conservative treatment with physiotherapy...
February 12, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Cid André Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Almir Vieira Dibai-Filho, William Arruda Moreira, Shirley Quispe Rivas, Emanuela Dos Santos Silva, Ana Claudia Bogik Garrido
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure the additional effect of adding interferential current (IFC) to an exercise and manual therapy program for patients with unilateral shoulder impingement syndrome. METHODS: Forty-five participants were randomly assigned to group 1 (exercise and manual therapy), group 2 (exercise and manual therapy + IFC), or group 3 (exercise and manual therapy + placebo ultrasound). Individuals participated in 16 treatment sessions, twice a week for 8 weeks...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
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