keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

palliative radiotherapy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341970/impact-of-dyspnea-on-advanced-cancer-patients-referred-to-a-palliative-radiotherapy-clinic
#1
Leigha Rowbottom, Stephanie Chan, Liying Zhang, Rachel McDonald, Elizabeth Barnes, May Tsao, Pearl Zaki, Edward Chow
PURPOSE: Dyspnea is a debilitating symptom commonly experienced by advanced cancer patients that can lead to negative effects on function and quality of life (QOL). The present study aims to determine the relationship between dyspnea and other Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (ESAS) symptoms in palliative cancer patients referred to a radiotherapy clinic. METHODS: The presence and severity of dyspnea was measured using the ESAS. All patients that visited a palliative radiotherapy clinic between 1999 to 2002 and 2006 to 2009 and completed the ESAS were included...
March 24, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329611/terap%C3%A3%C2%AAutica-fotodin%C3%A3-mica-com-metil-aminolevulinato-no-tratamento-de-les%C3%A3%C2%B5es-refract%C3%A3-rias-de-micose-fung%C3%A3-ide-resposta-cl%C3%A3-nica-e-histol%C3%A3-gica-mantida-em-dois-doentes
#2
Ana Isabel Teixeira, João Maia E Silva
According to the guidelines proposed by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, early-stage Mycosis Fungoides (MF) should be treated with skin-directed therapies such as topical steroids or retinoids, topical chemotherapy (carmustin and nitrogen mustard), photochemotherapy, and superficial radiotherapy. Patients with refractory lesions to these therapeutic options are particularly challenging. Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) has been approved to treat cutaneous neoplastic and pre-neoplastic lesions such as superficial basal cell carcinoma, Bowen disease and actinic keratosis...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315947/impact-of-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-on-surgical-management-in-patients-with-advanced-melanoma-an-outcome-based-analysis
#3
Andrea Forschner, Susann-Cathrin Olthof, Brigitte Gückel, Peter Martus, Werner Vach, Christian la Fougère, Konstantin Nikolaou, Ulrike Keim, Thomas Kurt Eigentler, Claus Garbe, Christina Pfannenberg
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of (18)F-FDG-PET/CT on clinical decision making and outcome in advanced melanoma patients planned for radical metastasectomy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A cohort of 333 patients with mainly stage III/IV melanoma having a PET/CT for clinical reasons was prospectively enrolled in our oncologic PET/CT registry between 2013 and 2015. Referring physicians completed questionnaires regarding their intended management for each patient before and after PET/CT...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314321/a-survival-score-for-patients-assigned-to-palliative-radiotherapy-for-metastatic-bladder-cancer
#4
Dirk Rades, Lisa Manig, Stefan Janssen, Steven E Schild
AIM: To create a survival score for patients with metastatic bladder cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 46 irradiated patients, six characteristics were evaluated for their association with survival: Age, gender, Karnofsky performance scale, initial stage (American Joint Committee on Cancer), number of metastatic sites, and interval between bladder cancer diagnosis and palliative radiotherapy. Characteristics showing a trend (p<0.15) were incorporated into the score...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303745/grid-therapy-using-high-definition-multileaf-collimators-realizing-benefits-of-the-bystander-effect
#5
Valery Peng, Natalka Suchowerska, Linda Rogers, Elizabeth Claridge Mackonis, Samantha Oakes, David R McKenzie
BACKGROUND: In microbeam radiotherapy (MRT), parallel arrays of high-intensity synchrotron x-ray beams achieve normal tissue sparing without compromising tumor control. Grid-therapy using clinical linacs has spatial modulation on a larger scale and achieves promising results for palliative treatments of bulky tumors. The availability of high definition multileaf collimators (HDMLCs) with 2.5 mm leaves provides an opportunity for grid-therapy to more closely approach MRT. However, challenges to the wider implementation of grid-therapy remain because spatial modulation of the target volume runs counter to current radiotherapy practice and mechanisms for the beneficial effects of MRT are not fully understood...
March 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302003/liver-transplant-for-nonhepatocellular-carcinoma-malignancy
#6
Nihan Haberal Reyhan
Liver transplant is now an acceptable and effective treatment for specific nonhepatocellular malignancies. Worldwide, hilar cholangiocarcinoma accounts for 3% of all primary gastrointestinal malignancies and for 10% of primary hepatobiliary malignancies. For patients who have early-stage, unresectable cholangiocarcinoma, liver transplant preceded by neoadjuvant radiotherapy can result in tumor-free margins, accomplish a radical resection, and treat the underlying primary sclerosing cholangitis when present...
March 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300908/melanoma-as-a-surprising-solution-to-the-puzzle-of-intestinal-obstruction
#7
Maksymilian Gajda, Grażyna Kamińska-Winciorek, Iwona Grzesiak, Jerzy Wydmański
We present a case of a 71-year-old man with an advanced melanoma of the right colon. The final diagnosis was determined based on histopathological examination of the material collected during urgent laparotomy performed due to ileus. Although we considered the tumor to be a disseminated primary melanoma of the colon, the possibility of unknown primary origin could not be excluded. Palliative chemotherapy and radiotherapy reduced symptoms associated with the disease and prolonged patient's survival.
September 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284233/retrospective-study-of-rare-cutaneous-malignant-adnexal-tumors-of-the-head-and-neck-in-a-tertiary-care-cancer-hospital-a-case-series
#8
Omer Waqas, Muhammad Faisal, Irfan Haider, Awais Amjad, Arif Jamshed, Raza Hussain
BACKGROUND: Adnexal tumors of the skin are a large and diverse group of benign and malignant neoplasms, which exhibit morphological differentiation toward one of the different types of adnexal epithelium present in normal skin and they pose a diagnostic challenge. The purpose of this study is to share our experience with these rare but aggressive tumors at a tertiary care cancer hospital in a developing country. A retrospective review of 11 patients diagnosed with rare adnexal tumors and their variants from January 2005 to December 2014, treated either surgically or non-surgically, was performed to describe the clinicopathological characteristics and outcome of the disease...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279906/preparation-and-evaluation-of-rhenium-188-pamidronate-as-a-palliative-treatment-in-bone-metastasis
#9
Mostafa Erfani, Nasim Rahmani, Alireza Doroudi, Mohammad Shafiei
OBJECTIVE: Rhenium-188-hydroxyethylidene diphosphonate ((188)Re-HEDP) as a first generation bisphosphonate has been widely used for bone seeking radiopharmaceutical in cases of metastatic bone disease. No study has been yet reported on preparing a complex of (188)Re with pamidronate (3-aminohydroxypropylidene-1,1-bisphosphonic acid) (PMA) as a second generation bisphosphonate. Based on this fact, it was hypothesized that a bone-seeking (188)Re-PMA radiopharmaceutical could be developed as an agent for palliative radiotherapy of bone pain due to skeletal metastases...
February 24, 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279203/primary-burkitt-lymphoma-of-the-supraglottic-larynx-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Alexandra E Quimby, Lisa Caulley, Danielle Rodin, Bibianna Purgina, Libni Eapen, Luke Shier, Stephanie Johnson-Obaseki
BACKGROUND: Burkitt lymphoma is a high-grade B cell lymphoma which accounts for less than 1% of all adult cases of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Rare instances of Burkitt lymphoma developing secondary to prior irradiation have been described in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 90-year-old white woman with a recent history of irradiation for Hodgkin lymphoma, who presented with primary Burkitt lymphoma of the supraglottic larynx. She underwent emergency awake tracheostomy with biopsy...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264807/unusual-presentation-of-a-late-onset-recurrence-of-malignant-peritoneal-mesothelioma
#11
Marije Wijnberge, Lidewine Daniels, Vincent Cliteur, Jasper Winkelhagen
A man aged 79 years with a history of malignant peritoneal mesothelioma presented 8 years after primary presentation with a suspected right-sided painful inguinal hernia and hydrocele, both present for 5 months. During surgery, however, the inguinal swelling appeared to be a tumour. Laboratory examination was non-alarming and ultrasonography not specific for mesothelioma. Pathological examination showed it to be a recurrence of the malignant mesothelioma, which was treated palliative with radiotherapy. This clinical picture is rare and a recurrence-free survival of 8 years is remarkable...
March 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258915/resurrection-of-whole-liver-radiotherapy-a-case-report
#12
Sabeena Choudhary, Swarupa Mitra, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Pooja Khullar, Upasna Saxena
This is a case report of a patient of lymphoma with liver metastasis who had persistent pain and jaundice despite multiple lines of chemotherapy. She underwent palliative liver irradiation. This is an uncommon modality due to fear of radiation induced hepatitis. We reviewed literature available on the use of liver irradiation for palliation and concluded that it can be safely used with good results. A 33-year-old female with Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) presented with obstructive jaundice. She underwent stenting followed by chemotherapy...
February 28, 2017: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256930/the-effects-of-a-lean-transition-on-process-times-patients-and-employees
#13
Pascale Simons, Huub Backes, Jochen Bergs, Davy Emans, Madelon Johannesma, Maria Jacobs, Wim Marneffe, Dominique Vandijck
Purpose Treatment delays must be avoided, especially in oncology, to assure sustainable high-quality health care and increase the odds of survival. The purpose of this paper is to hypothesize that waiting times would decrease and patients and employees would benefit, when specific lean interventions are incorporated in an organizational improvement approach. Design/methodology/approach In 2013, 15 lean interventions were initiated to improve flow in a single radiotherapy institute. Process/waiting times, patient satisfaction, safety, employee satisfaction, and absenteeism were evaluated using a mixed methods methodology (2010-2014)...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253920/radiation-induced-toxicity-after-image-guided-and-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-versus-external-beam-radiotherapy-for-patients-with-spinal-bone-metastases-iron-1-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#14
Eva Meyerhof, Tanja Sprave, Stefan Ezechiel Welte, Nils H Nicolay, Robert Förster, Tilman Bostel, Thomas Bruckner, Ingmar Schlampp, Jürgen Debus, Harald Rief
BACKGROUND: Radiation therapy (RT) of bone metastases provides an important treatment approach in palliative care treatment concepts. As a consequence of treatment, the extent of radiation-induced toxicity is a crucial feature with consequences to a patient's quality of life. In this context this study aims at reducing the extent of radiation-induced side effects and toxicity by assuming a better sparing of normal tissue with the use of intensity-modulated instead of conventionally delivered external beam radiotherapy...
March 3, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249547/clinical-presentations-of-below-knee-bone-metastases-a-case-series
#15
Matthew Choi, Linda Probyn, Leigha Rowbottom, Rachel McDonald, Adam Bobrowski, Stephanie Chan, Pearl Zaki, Angela Turner, Edward Chow
Bone metastases are a common complication of advanced malignancy; however, presentation of below-the-knee metastases, particularly affecting the fibula and tibia, are infrequently observed in both the clinical setting and the literature, and present a therapeutic challenge to patients and physicians alike. Due to the weight-bearing capacity of bones below-the-knee, the disruption of the structural and functional integrity of these bones can reduce mobility and thus quality of life. Treatment options for these patients include surgery, radiotherapy, and/or chemotherapy...
February 10, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249544/efficacy-of-single-fraction-conventional-radiation-therapy-for-painful-uncomplicated-bone-metastases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Ronald Chow, Peter Hoskin, Drew Hollenberg, Michael Lam, Kristopher Dennis, Stephen Lutz, Henry Lam, Aruz Mesci, Carlo DeAngelis, Stephanie Chan, Edward Chow
BACKGROUND: Single fraction radiotherapy (SFRT) and multiple fraction radiotherapy (MFRT) are effective for painful uncomplicated bone metastases and have been shown to be of similar efficacy. The optimal conventional external beam SFRT dose for maximum pain relief remains uncertain. The aim of this systematic review was to comprehensively review and synthesize overall pain response rates by dose. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in Ovid MEDLINE(R) (1946 to June 2016 week 3), Embase Classic & Embase (1947 to 2016 week 26) and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (May 2016) using keywords such as bone metastases, radiotherapy and single fraction (SF)...
January 9, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237294/automatic-planning-on-hippocampal-avoidance-whole-brain-radiotherapy
#17
Shuo Wang, Dandan Zheng, Chi Zhang, Rongtao Ma, Nathan R Bennion, Yu Lei, Xiaofeng Zhu, Charles A Enke, Sumin Zhou
Mounting evidence suggests that radiation-induced damage to the hippocampus plays a role in neurocognitive decline for patients receiving whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT). Hippocampal avoidance whole-brain radiotherapy (HA-WBRT) has been proposed to reduce the putative neurocognitive deficits by limiting the dose to the hippocampus. However, urgency of palliation for patients as well as the complexities of the treatment planning may be barriers to protocol enrollment to accumulate further clinical evidence. This warrants expedited quality planning of HA-WBRT...
April 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219406/definitive-salvage-radiation-therapy-and-chemoradiation-therapy-for-lymph-node-oligo-recurrence-of-esophageal-cancer-a-japanese-multi-institutional-study-of-237-patients
#18
Hideomi Yamashita, Keiichi Jingu, Yuzuru Niibe, Kuniaki Katsui, Toshihiko Matsumoto, Tomohiro Nishina, Atsuro Terahara
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the treatment results of lymph node (LN) oligo-recurrence in esophageal cancer patients treated with salvage radiotherapy (RT) in a multi-institutional retrospective study. METHODS: Eligibility criteria for this retrospective analysis were: the primary lesion of esophageal cancer was controlled; from one to five LN recurrences; total RT dose ≥45 Gy to exclude palliative RT; without recurrence other than LN; and salvage RT for LN recurrence was given between January 2000 and April 2015...
February 20, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218383/stereotactic-ablative-radiation-therapy-as-a-potential-curative-treatment-in-duodenal-adenocarcinoma-a-case-report
#19
Francesco Maria Aquilanti, Maria Cristina Barba, Federico Bianciardi, Barbara Tolu, Barbara Nardiello, Giorgio Hamid Raza, Randa El Gawhary, Chiara D'Ambrosio, PierCarlo Gentile
PURPOSE: One of the rarest gastrointestinal neoplasm is small bowel cancer. Experience with its treatment modalities is limited. Stereotactic ablative radiation therapy (SABR) has improved, with image-guided radiation therapy becoming a curative option in many tumors. Especially when surgery cannot be performed due to comorbidities, SABR provides a good toxicity profile and an excellent tumor control rate owing to its specific schedule: high dose on a limited and well-defined area. METHODS: An 83-year-old man had arterial hypertension and congestive cardiomyopathy, with recent history of upper abdominal pain, weight loss over 10 kg, and progressive severe fatigue...
February 11, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218382/primary-cutaneous-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-results-of-a-retrospective-analysis-in-the-light-of-the-recent-ilrog-guidelines
#20
Sara Pedretti, Mauro Urpis, Carla Leali, Paolo Borghetti, Liliana Baushi, Raffaella Sala, Alessandra Tucci, Diana Greco, Nadia Pasinetti, Luca Triggiani, Giuseppe Rossi, Piergiacomo Calzavara-Pinton, Stefano Maria Magrini, Michela Buglione
PURPOSE: To analyze clinical outcome, local response, survival and toxicity in patients with primary cutaneous lymphoma (PCL) treated with radiotherapy. METHODS: From 1995 to 2014, 112 patients were treated. B-cell lymphomas (CBCLs; n = 86) and T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs; n = 23) were analyzed separately. Clinical and therapeutic characteristics (age, sex, histology, primary treatment and radiotherapy modality) were related to response to treatment, survival and toxicity...
February 14, 2017: Tumori
keyword
keyword
46104
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"