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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053697/stereotactically-guided-ablation-of-the-rat-auditory-cortex-and-localization-of-the-lesion-in-the-brain
#1
Verónica Lamas, Sheila Estévez, Marianni Pernía, Ignacio Plaza, Miguel A Merchán
The rat auditory cortex (AC) is becoming popular among auditory neuroscience investigators who are interested in experience-dependence plasticity, auditory perceptual processes, and cortical control of sound processing in the subcortical auditory nuclei. To address new challenges, a procedure to accurately locate and surgically expose the auditory cortex would expedite this research effort. Stereotactic neurosurgery is routinely used in pre-clinical research in animal models to engraft a needle or electrode at a pre-defined location within the auditory cortex...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051109/spontaneous-intrauterine-depressed-skull-fractures-report-of-two-cases-requiring-neurosurgical-intervention-and-literature-review
#2
Anand Veeravagu, Tej D Azad, Bowen Jiang, Michael S B Edwards
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intrauterine depressed skull fractures (IDSF) are rare fractures that often require neurosurgical evaluation and therapy. The majority of reported congenital depressions are secondary to maternal abdominal trauma or instrumentation during delivery. Spontaneous IDSF occur in the setting of uneventful normal spontaneous vaginal delivery (NSVD) or cesarean section, without obvious predisposing risk factors. The etiology and optimal management of spontaneous IDSF remain controversial...
October 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050388/patients-with-huntington-s-disease-pioneered-human-stereotactic-neurosurgery-70-years-ago
#3
Marwan Hariz, Sarah Tabrizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050170/-a-chinese-experts-consensus-of-neurophysiological-evaluating-for-microvascular-decompression
#4
(no author information available yet)
With the extensive development of microvascular decompression (MVD), perioperative neurophysiological monitoring technology is also developping rapidly in our country. To promote the standardization of neurophysiological monitoring for MVD in China, the experts consensus was published. This consensus includes five sections: indications, stimulation and recording methods, intraoperative assessment and warning criteria, influencing factors, and clinical application recommendations. Furthermore, recommendations for selection of electrophysiological monitoring and recording requirements were attached...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048591/the-impact-of-a-pediatric-shunt-surgery-checklist-on-infection-rate-at-a-single-institution
#5
Ryan P Lee, Garrett T Venable, Brandy N Vaughn, Jock C Lillard, Chesney S Oravec, Paul Klimo
BACKGROUND: Shunt infections remain a significant challenge in pediatric neurosurgery. Numerous surgical checklists have been introduced to reduce infection rates. OBJECTIVE: To introduce an evidence-based shunt surgery checklist and its impact on our shunt infection rate. METHODS: Between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2015, pediatric patients who underwent shunt surgery at our institution were indexed in a prospectively maintained database...
October 18, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046473/-clinical-applications-of-positron-emission-tomography-for-neurosurgery-3-pet-for-patients-with-intractable-epilepsy
#6
Hideaki Shiraishi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045564/critical-language-areas-show-increased-functional-connectivity-in-human-cortex
#7
John D Rolston, Edward F Chang
Electrocortical stimulation (ECS) mapping is routinely used to identify critical language sites before resective neurosurgery. The precise locations of these sites are highly variable across patients, occurring in the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes-it is this variability that necessitates individual patient mapping. But why these particular anatomical sites are so privileged in each patient is unknown. We hypothesized that critical language sites have greater functional connectivity with nearby cortex than sites without critical functions, since they serve as central nodes within the language network...
October 17, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042335/neurosurgical-resident-error-a-survey-of-u-s-neurosurgery-residency-training-program-directors-perceptions
#8
Raghav Gupta, Justin M Moore, Nimer Adeeb, Christoph J Griessenauer, Anna M Schneider, Chirag D Gandhi, Griffith R Harsh, Ajith J Thomas, Christopher S Ogilvy
INTRODUCTION: Efforts to address resident errors and enhance patient safety have included systemic reforms such as the ACGME's mandated duty-hour restrictions and specialty-specific initiatives such as the neurosurgery Milestone Project. However, there is currently little data describing the basis for these errors or outlining trends in neurosurgical resident errors. METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed to program directors of 108 U.S. neurosurgery residency training programs to assess the frequency, most common forms and causes of resident error, the resulting patient outcomes, and the steps taken by residency programs to address these errors...
October 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040699/letter-simple-preoperative-patient-reported-factors-predict-adverse-outcome-after-elective-cranial-neurosurgery
#9
Adomas Bunevicius
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040637/in-reply-simple-preoperative-patient-reported-factors-predict-adverse-outcome-after-elective-cranial-neurosurgery
#10
Elina Reponen, Miikka Korja, Hanna Tuominen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037336/neuropsychiatry-towards-a-philosophy-of-praxis
#11
Jesús Ramirez-Bermudez, Rodrigo Perez-Esparza, Luis Carlos Aguilar-Venegas, Perminder Sachdev
Neuropsychiatry is a specialized clinical, academic and scientific discipline with its field located in the borderland territory between neurology and psychiatry. In this article, we approach the theoretical definition of neuropsychiatry, and in order to address the practical aspects of the discipline, we describe the profile of a neuropsychiatric liaison service in the setting of a large hospital for neurological diseases in a middle-income country. An audit of consecutive in-patients requiring neuropsychiatric assessment at the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Mexico is reported, comprising a total of 1212 patients...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035775/avoiding-the-pocket-a-case-report-of-coiling-of-distal-shunt-catheter-into-subcutaneous-pocket
#12
Richard Justin Garling, Sandeep Sood, Carolyn Anne Harris
INTRODUCTION: Hydrocephalus is one of the most common disorders of neurosurgery and ventricular shunting, the primary surgical intervention, malfunctions in 85% of patients by 10 years. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we present a case of a 12-year-old girl with history of a vagal nerve stimulator (VNS) and ventricular shunt, most recently revised from ventriculoatrial (VA) to ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt at an outside hospital. The patient presented with a new left chest bulge, nausea, emesis, and seizures...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035741/association-between-psychological-distress-subjective-cognitive-complaints-and-objective-neuropsychological-functioning-in-brain-tumor-patients
#13
Aiste Pranckeviciene, Vytenis Pranas Deltuva, Arimantas Tamasauskas, Adomas Bunevicius
OBJECTIVES: Psychological distress and cognitive impairment are common complications in patients with brain tumors that are associated with poor quality of life and worse prognosis. This pilot study aimed to evaluate the associations between psychological distress, subjective cognitive complaints and baseline neuropsychological performance of brain tumor patients before neurosurgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-two patients with various brain tumors referred for routine neuropsychological assessment 2-3days before neurosurgery participated in the study...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033376/evolution-of-prophylaxis-protocols-for-venous-thromboembolism-in-neurosurgery-results-from-a-prospective-comparative-study-on-low-molecular-weight-heparin-elastic-stockings-and-intermittent-pneumatic-compression-devices
#14
Salvatore Chibbaro, Helene Cebula, Julien Todeschi, Marco Fricia, Doris Vigouroux, Houssem Abid, Houssen Kourbanhoussen, Raoul Pop, Beniamino Nannavecchia, Arthur Gubian, Lara Prisco, Gianfranco K I Ligarotti, Francois Proust, Mario Ganau
BACKGROUND: The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VT) in neurosurgical practice is astonishingly high representing a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Prophylaxis strategies include elastic stockings (ES), low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) devices. OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of two different VT prophylaxis protocols implemented in a European neurosurgical centre. METHODS: All patients admitted for neurosurgical intervention between 2012 and 2016 were stratified in low-, moderate- and high-risk of VT, and received a combination of ES and LMWH...
October 12, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031542/complications-and-30-day-readmission-rates-after-craniotomy-craniectomy-a-single-institutional-study-of-243-consecutive-patients
#15
Aladine A Elsamadicy, Amanda Sergesketter, Owoicho Adogwa, Michael Ongele, Oren N Gottfried
Early hospital readmission has become a proxy for quality of care and contributes significantly to high health care costs in the United States, with more than $20 billion health care dollars are spent on 30-day readmission annually. Cranial neurosurgical procedures (i.e., craniotomy, craniectomy) are associated with high readmission rates; however, studies examining readmission after cranial procedures are limited and relatively unknown. The aim of this study is to identify the drivers of 30-day unplanned readmission in consecutive patients undergoing craniotomies and craniectomies...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031035/-controversy-in-the-postoperative-treatment-of-low-grade-gliomas
#16
T Kazda, R Lakomý, A Poprach, P Pospíšil, R Jančálek, P Šlampa
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for low-grade gliomas remains controversial. Neurosurgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy are the main treatment options. Despite advances in oncology, there are still a lot of uncertainties, and the optimal sequences, combinations, and timings of these procedures have not yet been optimized. It is still unclear whether temozolomide can replace effective, but toxic PCV chemotherapy (procarbazine, lomustine, vincristine) and whether temozolomide can be used upfront alone instead of radiotherapy alone...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030691/a-akhaddar-ed-atlas-of-infections-in-neurosurgery-and-spinal-surgery-springer-international-publishing-switzerland-2017-343-pp-432-figs-of-which-315-are-in-color-hardcover-in-english-isbn-978-3-319-60085-7-ebook-isbn-978-3-319-60086-4
#17
Mehmet Turgut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030268/topical-vancomycin-to-reduce-surgical-site-infections-in-neurosurgery-study-protocol-for-a-multi-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Alexander J Jonokuchi, Jared Knopman, Ryan E Radwanski, Moises A Martinez, Blake Eaton Samuel Taylor, Michael Rothbaum, Sean Sullivan, Trae R Robison, Brandon R Christophe, Dimitri Sigounas, Brett Youngerman, Emilia Bagiella, Peter D Angevine, Franklin D Lowy, E Sander Connolly
Surgical-site infections (SSIs) account for 20% of all healthcare-associated infections, are the most common nosocomial infection among surgical patients, and are a focus of quality improvement initiatives. Despite implementation of many quality care measures (e.g. prophylactic antibiotics), SSIs remain a significant cause of morbidity, mortality, and economic burden, particularly in the field of neurosurgery. Topical vancomycin is increasingly utilized in instrumented spinal and cardiothoracic procedures, where it has been shown to reduce the risk of SSIs...
October 10, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029944/-antithrombotic-treatment-consensus-protocol-anticoagulation-and-antiplatelet-therapy-during-the-perioperative-and-periprocedural-period-in-neurosurgery
#19
Fuat Arikan Abelló, Luis Ley Urzaiz, José Fernández Alén, Rubén Martín Láez
The use of antithrombotic medication (antiplatelet and/or anticoagulant therapy) is widespread. Currently, the management of neurosurgical patients receiving this type of therapy continues to be a problem of special importance. Patients receiving antithrombotic treatment may need neurosurgical care because of bleeding secondary to such treatment, non-haemorrhagic neurosurgical lesions requiring urgent attention, or simply elective neurosurgical procedures. In addition, the consequences of reintroducing early (bleeding or rebleeding) or late (thrombotic or thromboembolic) anticoagulation can be devastating...
October 10, 2017: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029573/-time-and-space-a-further-development-in-consent-for-elective-spinal-neurosurgery
#20
Nicholas V Todd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
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