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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232764/brain-biopsy-performed-with-the-ronna-g3-system-a-case-study-on-using-a-novel-robotic-navigation-device-for-stereotactic-neurosurgery
#1
Domagoj Dlaka, Marko Švaco, Darko Chudy, Bojan Jerbić, Bojan Šekoranja, Filip Šuligoj, Josip Vidaković, Fadi Almahariq, Dominik Romić
BACKGROUND: Robotic neuronavigation is becoming an important tool for neurosurgeons. We present a case study of a frameless stereotactic biopsy guided by the RONNA G3 robotic neuronavigation system. METHODS: A 45 year-old patient with a history of vertigo, nausea and vomiting was diagnosed with multiple periventricular lesions. Neurological status was unremarkable. A frameless robotic biopsy of a brain lesion was performed. RESULTS: Three tissue samples were obtained...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229346/building-healthcare-capacity-in-pediatric-neurosurgery-and-psychiatry-in-a-post-soviet-system-ukraine
#2
Myroslava K Romach, James T Rutka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229134/animal-models-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-simulation-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Charles Yuen Yung Loh, Aline Yen Ling Wang, Vincent Tze Yang Tiong, Thanassi Athanassopoulos, Meiling Loh, Philip Lim, Huang-Kai Kao
BACKGROUND: The use of live and cadaveric animal models in surgical training is well established as a means of teaching and improving surgical skill in a controlled setting. We aim to review, evaluate, and summarize the models published in the literature that are applicable to Plastic Surgery training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed search for keywords relating to animal models in Plastic Surgery and the associated procedures was conducted. Animal models that had cross over between specialties such as microsurgery with Neurosurgery and pinnaplasty with ear, nose, and throat surgery were included as they were deemed to be relevant to our training curriculum...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227775/stereotactic-neurosurgery
#4
Peter Reed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226050/determinants-of-computed-tomography-head-scan-ordering-for-patients-with-low-risk-headache-in-the-emergency-department
#5
Meaghan J Mackenzie, Rashi Hiranandani, Dongmei Wang, Tak Fung, Eddy Lang
Background Many specialty societies have found that neuroimaging in headache is a low-value intervention for benign presentations. This study describes factors that influence Emergency Room (ER) physicians' adherence to Choosing Wisely (CW) recommendations for low-risk headache patients presenting to Calgary's Emergency Departments (EDs). Emergency medicine has yet to address imaging in headache as a CW topic; however, this study may inform that decision. Methods Data were retrospectively collected for all patients presenting to Calgary EDs with headaches from April 1, 2014 to March 31, 2016...
October 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220069/traumatic-brain-injury-profile-of-an-elderly-population-in-puerto-rico
#6
Jose A Fernández-Abinader, Karolyn González-Colón, Caleb E Feliciano, Ana María Mosquera-Soler
OBJECTIVE: Describe the types of traumatic brain injury secondary to falls sustained by the members of an elderly population who received services at the Puerto Rico Medical Center and the demographic profile of that population. METHODS: A group of 332 adults (60 years and over) assessed for traumatic brain injury secondary to falls suffered in 2013 were included in the analysis. The cases were retrieved from the computerized database of the Neurosurgery Section...
December 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219894/crisis-management-simulation-establishing-a-dual-neurosurgery-and-anesthesia-training-experience
#7
Jeremy Ciporen, Haley Gillham, Michele Noles, Dawn Dillman, Mark Baskerville, Caleb Haley, Donn Spight, Ryan C Turner, Brandon P Lucke-Wold
BACKGROUND: Simulation training has been shown to be an effective teaching tool. Learner management of an intraoperative crisis such as a major cerebrovascular bleed requires effective teamwork, communication, and implementation of key skill sets at appropriate time points. This study establishes a first of a kind simulation experience in a neurosurgery/anesthesia resident (learners) team working together to manage an intraoperative crisis. METHODS: Using a cadaveric cavernous carotid injury perfusion model, 7 neurosurgery and 6 anesthesia learners, were trained on appropriate vascular injury management using an endonasal endoscopic technique...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219752/negative-surgical-exploration-in-patients-with-cushing-s-disease-benefit-of-two-thirds-gland-resection-on-remission-rate-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
Steven B Carr, Bette K Kleinschmidt-DeMasters, Janice M Kerr, Katja Kiseljak-Vassiliades, Margaret E Wierman, Kevin O Lillehei
OBJECTIVE The authors report their single-institution experience with the pathological findings, rates of remission, and complications in patients with presumed Cushing's disease (CD) who underwent a two-thirds pituitary gland resection when no adenoma was identified at the time of transsphenoidal surgery (TSS). The authors also review the literature on patients with CD, negative surgical exploration, and histological findings. METHODS This study is a retrospective analysis of cases found in neurosurgery and pathology department databases between 1989 and 2011...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218778/examination-of-sacral-tissue-oxygen-saturation-among-immobile-patients
#9
Burcu Ceylan, Ulku Yapucu Gunes, Mehmet Uyar
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This research was conducted to explore the effect of immobility on sacral tissue oxygen saturation in patients lying on a supporting surface in supine position. BACKGROUND: Guidelines in regard to preventing pressure ulcers recommend that patients lying on a standard bed should change their positions every two hours and that patients on a supporting surface should change their positions every four hours. But there is no strong evidence that justifies this practice...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216820/comparison-of-the-effect-of-different-infusion-rates-of-sufentanil-on-surgical-stress-index-during-cranial-pinning-in-children-under-general-anaesthesia-a-randomized-controlled-study
#10
In-Kyung Song, Sang-Hwan Ji, Eun-Hee Kim, Ji-Hyun Lee, Jin-Tae Kim, Hee-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Surgical stress index (SSI) is an established indicator for intraoperative nociception. Opioids are used to block stimulus of cranial pinning in neurosurgery. We investigated the effect of different infusion rates of sufentanil on SSI during cranial pinning in children under general anaesthesia. METHODS: Forty-nine children (2-12 years of age) underwent neurosurgery with pinning. The children were randomized into three groups based on the rate of sufentanil infusion: 0...
December 8, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214158/optical-coherence-tomography-basic-concepts-and-applications-in-neuroscience-research
#11
REVIEW
Mobin Ibne Mokbul
Optical coherence tomography is a micrometer-scale imaging modality that permits label-free, cross-sectional imaging of biological tissue microstructure using tissue backscattering properties. After its invention in the 1990s, OCT is now being widely used in several branches of neuroscience as well as other fields of biomedical science. This review study reports an overview of OCT's applications in several branches or subbranches of neuroscience such as neuroimaging, neurology, neurosurgery, neuropathology, and neuroembryology...
2017: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213169/clinical-profile-of-neural-tube-defects-in-sudanese-children-is-malaria-a-risk-factor
#12
Basma Sadik, Haydar E Babikir, Mohammed A R Arbab
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are one of the most common structural malformations in human kind. It is a public health problem with great impact on the child, parents and the community at large. The aim is to study the epidemiological profile and patterns of NTDs in under five-year of age Sudanese children who attended the neurosurgical clinic at the National Centre of Neurological Sciences (NCNS), Khartoum during the period from March 2014 to December 2014. This was a prospective cross-sectional study conducted at the neurosurgery clinic in NCNS, Khartoum...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211650/selective-interference-with-syntactic-encoding-during-sentence-production-by-direct-electrocortical-stimulation-of-the-inferior-frontal-gyrus
#13
Edward F Chang, Garret Kurteff, Stephen M Wilson
Cortical stimulation mapping (CSM) has provided important insights into the neuroanatomy of language, because of its high spatial and temporal resolution, and the causal relationships that can be inferred from transient disruption of specific functions. Almost all CSM studies to date have focused on word level processes such as naming, comprehension, and repetition. In this study, we used CSM to identify sites where stimulation interfered selectively with syntactic encoding during sentence production. Fourteen patients undergoing left-hemisphere neurosurgery participated in the study...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210638/medical-applications-of-collagen-and-collagen-based-materials
#14
Anatoly Borisovich Shekhter, Alexey Leonidovich Fayzullin, Marina Nikolaevna Vukolova, Tatyana Georgiyevna Rudenko, Varvara Dmitriyevna Osipycheva, Petr Francevich Litvitsky
Collagen and collagen-based materials have been successfully used in medicine for over 50 years. The number of scientific articles about the role of collagen in the construction of scaffolds for tissue engineering has risen precipitously in recent years. The review contains materials about historic and modern applications of collagen in medicine such as soluble collagen injections, solid constructs reconstructed from solution, and decellularized collagen matrices. The analysis of published data proves the efficacy of collagen material in the treatment of chronic wounds, burns, venous and diabetic ulcers, in plastic, reconstructive and general surgery, urology, proctology, gynecology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, neurosurgery, dentistry, cardiovascular and bone and cartilage surgery, as well as in cosmetology...
December 5, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210159/safety-of-mtor-inhibitor-continuation-in-pediatric-heart-transplant-recipients-undergoing-surgical-procedures
#15
Ann Heble, Melanie D Everitt, Jane Gralla, Shelley D Miyamoto, Michael Lahart, Jennifer Eshelman
mTOR inhibitors have been associated with SWC when used in the perioperative period. Limited literature is available to guide providers in managing chronic mTOR inhibitor use in the perioperative period, especially in the pediatric setting. The primary aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of SWC with mTOR inhibitor continuation during the perioperative period for major surgeries. Heart transplant recipients ≤25 years old at the time of primary heart transplant receiving sirolimus maintenance therapy during a surgical procedure and within the study period were included...
December 6, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204309/laser-application-in-neurosurgery
#16
REVIEW
Evgenii Belykh, Kaan Yagmurlu, Nikolay L Martirosyan, Ting Lei, Mohammadhassan Izadyyazdanabadi, Kashif M Malik, Vadim A Byvaltsev, Peter Nakaji, Mark C Preul
Background: Technological innovations based on light amplification created by stimulated emission of radiation (LASER) have been used extensively in the field of neurosurgery. Methods: We reviewed the medical literature to identify current laser-based technological applications for surgical, diagnostic, and therapeutic uses in neurosurgery. Results: Surgical applications of laser technology reported in the literature include percutaneous laser ablation of brain tissue, the use of surgical lasers in open and endoscopic cranial surgeries, laser-assisted microanastomosis, and photodynamic therapy for brain tumors...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204199/clinicopathological-study-of-pediatric-posterior-fossa-tumors
#17
Kadali Satya Vara Prasad, D Ravi, Vijay Pallikonda, Bhavana Venkata Satya Raman
Context: Brain tumor is one of the most devastating forms of human illness, especially when occurring in the posterior fossa and involving the brainstem. Tumors in the posterior fossa are considered some of the most critical brain lesions. This is primarily due to the limited space within the posterior fossa, as well as the potential involvement of the vital brainstem nuclei. Aims: The aim of this study is to analyze the incidence, clinical features, surgical outcome, complications, and prognosis in a series of 37 pediatric patients with posterior fossa tumors who underwent surgery between September 2012 and January 2015 from the Department of Neurosurgery, King George Hospital, Visakhapatnam (both prospective and retrospective study)...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204198/profile-and-outcome-of-pediatric-brain-tumors-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-pediatric-oncology-unit-in-south-india
#18
Supriya Gujjar Suresh, Arathi Srinivasan, Julius Xavier Scott, Santosh Mohan Rao, Balasubramaniam Chidambaram, Sanjay Chandrasekar
Context: Tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) constitute the second most common pediatric cancers. Unlike leukemia, management of CNS tumors requires a good multidisciplinary team. Higher rates of treatment abandonment are documented in view of complexity of the treatment with long duration, involving neurosurgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and high cost of treatment. Morbidity associated with CNS tumors may be significant in terms of physical deficits as well as neuropsychological and neuroendocrine sequelae...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204046/international-neurosurgery-rotation-in-new-zealand-analysis-of-operative-experience
#19
Dale Ding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204021/cranioplasty-using-autoclaved-autologous-skull-bone-flaps-preserved-at-ambient-temperature
#20
Dominic Anto, Raju Paul Manjooran, Rajeev Aravindakshan, Kumar Lakshman, Raymond Morris
Context: Decompressive craniectomy followed by cranioplasty (CP) uses autologous craniectomy flaps or synthetic materials like titanium. Sterilization and preservation methods for the autologous bone flaps continue to be the surgeon's choice. Aim: This study aimed to assess the short-term as well as long-term clinical outcomes of CP using autoclaved autologous bone grafts. Settings and Design: This retrospective observational study was performed on patients admitted in a tertiary care teaching neurosurgery department...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
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