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Culture proximal tubular cell

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024839/pink1-parkin-mediated-mitophagy-play-a-protective-role-in-cisplatin-induced-renal-tubular-epithelial-cells-injury
#1
Chuanyan Zhao, Zhuyun Chen, Xueqiang Xu, Xiaofei An, Suyan Duan, Zhimin Huang, Chengning Zhang, Lin Wu, Bo Zhang, Aihua Zhang, Changying Xing, Yanggang Yuan
Cisplatin often causes acute kidney injury (AKI) in the treatment of a wide variety of malignancies. Mitochondrial dysfunction is one of the main reasons for cisplatin nephrotoxicity. Previous study showed that Pink1 and Parkin play central roles in regulating the mitophagy, which is a key protective mechanism by specifically eliminating dysfunctional or damaged mitochondria. However, the mechanisms that modulate mitophagy in cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity remain to be elucidated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Pink1/Parkin pathway in mitophagy, mitochondrial dysfunction and renal proximal tubular cells injury during cisplatin treatment...
December 23, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006785/mir-155-is-involved-in-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-direct-targeting-of-foxo3a-and-regulating-renal-tubular-cell-pyroptosis
#2
Haoyu Wu, Tao Huang, Liang Ying, Conghui Han, Dawei Li, Yao Xu, Ming Zhang, Shan Mou, Zhen Dong
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) plays a crucial role in renal transplantation and can cause renal failure associated with pyroptosis, a pro-inflammatory-induced programmed cell death. Small endogenous non-coding RNAs have been shown to be involved in renal ischemia/reperfusion injury. This study was performed to investigate which miRNAs regulate pyroptosis in response to renal ischemia/reperfusion injury and determine the mechanism underlying this regulation. METHODS: An in vivo rat model of renal IRI was established, and the serum and kidneys were harvested 24 h after reperfusion to assess renal function and histological changes...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003188/insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-7-and-tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinases-2-differential-expression-and-secretion-in-human-kidney-tubule-cells
#3
David R Emlet, Nuria Pastor-Soler, Allison Marciszyn, Xiaoyan Wen, Hernando Gomez, William H Humphries, Seth Morrisroe, Jacob K Volpe, John A Kellum
We have characterized the expression and secretion of the acute kidney injury biomarkers Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 7 (IGFBP7) and Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2) in human kidney epithelial cells in primary cell culture and tissue. We established cell culture model systems of primary kidney cells of proximal and distal tubule origin and observed that both proteins are indeed expressed and secreted in both tubule cell types in vitro. However, TIMP-2 is both expressed and secreted preferentially by cells of distal tubule origin, while IGFBP7 is equally expressed across tubule cell types yet preferentially secreted by cells of proximal tubule origin...
December 21, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997859/interleukin-1%C3%AE-as-a-driver-of-renal-ngal-production
#4
Mathilde L Bonnemaison, Eileen S Marks, Erika I Boesen
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is increasingly regarded as a biomarker of acute kidney injury, or kidney injury in general, but the stimuli responsible for its production are incompletely understood. This study tested the relationship between the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and both circulating and renal NGAL, using chronic subcutaneous infusion of IL-1β in mice and tissue culture of renal cell lines. Following a 14-day subcutaneous infusion of vehicle or IL-1β (10ng/h) in male C57Bl/6 mice, a striking positive correlation (r(2)=0...
December 17, 2016: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965087/ship-a-novel-factor-to-ameliorate-extracellular-matrix-accumulation-via-suppressing-pi3k-akt-ctgf-signaling-in-diabetic-kidney-disease
#5
Fan Li, Lisha Li, Meijuan Cheng, Xiumin Wang, Jun Hao, Shuxia Liu, Huijun Duan
Tubular interstitial extracellular matrix accumulation, which plays a key role in the pathogenesis and progression of diabetic kidney disease (DKD), is believed to be mediated by activation of PI3K/Akt signal pathway. However, it is still not clear whether SH2 domain-containing inositol 5'-phosphatase (SHIP), known as a negative regulator of PI3K/Akt pathway is also involved in extracellular matrix metabolism of diabetic kidney. In the present study, decreased SHIP and increased phospho-Akt (Ser 473, Thr 308) were found in renal tubular cells of diabetic mice accompanied by overexpression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and extracellular matrix deposition versus normal mice...
January 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941350/pentraxin-3-activates-jnk-signaling-and-regulates-the-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-renal-fibrosis
#6
Tung-Wei Hung, Jen-Pi Tsai, Shin-Huey Lin, Chien-Hsing Lee, Yi-Hsien Hsieh, Horng-Rong Chang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Tubulointerstitial fibrosis can lead to end-stage renal disease. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an acute phase protein produced by resident and innate immunity cells. We investigated the effect of PTX3 on cultured human proximal tubular epithelial (HK-2) cells and a rat unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) model of renal fibrosis. METHODS: Gain-of-function experiments were used to examine the effect of recombinant human PTX3 (Rh-PTX3) on HK-2 cells. Cell proliferation (MTT assay) and in vitro cell migration were measured...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924932/nadph-oxidase-4-deficiency-increases-tubular-cell-death-during-acute-ischemic-reperfusion-injury
#7
Stellor Nlandu-Khodo, Romain Dissard, Udo Hasler, Matthias Schäfer, Haymo Pircher, Pidder Jansen-Durr, Karl Heinz Krause, Pierre-Yves Martin, Sophie de Seigneux
NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) is highly expressed in kidney proximal tubular cells. NOX4 constitutively produces hydrogen peroxide, which may regulate important pro-survival pathways. Renal ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) is a classical model mimicking human ischemic acute tubular necrosis. We hypothesized that NOX4 plays a protective role in kidney IRI. In wild type (WT) animals subjected to IRI, NOX4 protein expression increased after 24 hours. NOX4 KO (knock-out) and WT littermates mice were subjected to IRI...
December 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880866/tgf-%C3%AE-1-stimulates-movement-of-renal-proximal-tubular-epithelial-cells-in-a-three-dimensional-cell-culture-via-an-autocrine-tgf-%C3%AE-2-production
#8
Deyi Luo, Qiunong Guan, Kunjie Wang, Christopher Y C Nguan, Caigan Du
TGF-βs are multifunctional cytokines, but their roles in human renal homeostasis are not fully understood. This study investigated the role of TGF-β1 in the movement of human renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs) in a three-dimensional (3D) model. HKC-8 cells, a human PTEC line, were grown in a 3D collagen culture system. Cell movement was observed under a microscope. The gene expression was examined using PCR Arrays or qRT-PCR, and protein levels by Western blot. Here, we showed that the tight junction structure formed between adjacent cells of a HKC-8 cell colony in 3D cultures, and TGF-β1 stimulated their movement, evidenced by the appearance of fingerlike pseudopodia in the leader cells at the edge of the colonies...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872161/identification-of-urinary-exosomal-non-coding-rnas-as-novel-biomarkers-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
Rimpi Khurana, Glory Ranches, Simon Schafferer, Melanie Lukasser, Michael Rudnicki, Gert Mayer, Alexander Hüttenhofer
In chronic kidney disease (CKD), the decline in glomerular filtration rate is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and thus poses a major challenge for healthcare systems. While the contribution of tissue-derived miRNAs and mRNAs to CKD progression has extensively been studied, little is known about the role of urinary exosomes and their association with CKD. Exosomes are small, membrane-derived endocytic vesicles that contribute to cell-to-cell communication and are present in various body fluids, such as blood or urine...
November 21, 2016: RNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867451/thioredoxin-interacting-protein-mediates-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-involved-in-the-susceptibility-to-ischemic-acute-kidney-injury-in-diabetes
#10
Ye Da Xiao, Ya Yi Huang, Hua Xin Wang, Yang Wu, Yan Leng, Min Liu, Qian Sun, Zhong-Yuan Xia
Kidney in diabetic state is more sensitive to ischemic acute kidney injury (AKI). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Herein, we examined the impact of diabetes mellitus on thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) expression and whether mediated NLRP3 activation was associated with renal ischemia/reperfusion- (I/R-) induced AKI. In an in vivo model, streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats showed higher susceptibility to I/R injury with increased TXNIP expression, which was significantly attenuated by resveratrol (RES) treatment (10 mg/kg intraperitoneal daily injection for 7 consecutive days prior to I/R induction)...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861627/caspase-dependent-and-caspase-independent-pathways-are-involved-in-cadmium-induced-apoptosis-in-primary-rat-proximal-tubular-cell-culture
#11
Gang Liu, Hui Zou, Tongwang Luo, Mengfei Long, Jianchun Bian, Xuezhong Liu, Jianhong Gu, Yan Yuan, Ruilong Song, Yi Wang, Jiaqiao Zhu, Zongping Liu
We designed this study to investigate whether cadmium induces caspase-independent apoptosis and to investigate the relationship between the caspase-dependent and caspase-independent apoptotic pathways. Cadmium (1.25-2.5 μM) induced oxidative stress in rat proximal tubular (rPT) cells, as seen in the reactive oxygen species levels; N-acetylcysteine prevented this. Cyclosporin A (CsA) prevented mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening and apoptosis; there was mitochondrial ultrastructural disruption, mitochondrial cytochrome c (cyt c) translocation to the cytoplasm, and subsequent caspase-9 and caspase-3 activation...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834856/stearoyl-coa-desaturase-1-protects-cells-against-lipotoxicity-mediated-apoptosis-in-proximal-tubular-cells
#12
Tamaki Iwai, Shinji Kume, Masami Chin-Kanasaki, Shogo Kuwagata, Hisazumi Araki, Naoko Takeda, Takeshi Sugaya, Takashi Uzu, Hiroshi Maegawa, Shin-Ichi Araki
Saturated fatty acid (SFA)-related lipotoxicity is a pathogenesis of diabetes-related renal proximal tubular epithelial cell (PTEC) damage, closely associated with a progressive decline in renal function. This study was designed to identify a free fatty acid (FFA) metabolism-related enzyme that can protect PTECs from SFA-related lipotoxicity. Among several enzymes involved in FFA metabolism, we identified stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD1), whose expression level significantly decreased in the kidneys of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced diabetic mice, compared with non-diabetic mice...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821630/mitochondrial-nadp-dependent-isocitrate-dehydrogenase-deficiency-exacerbates-mitochondrial-and-cell-damage-after-kidney-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#13
Sang Jun Han, Hee-Seong Jang, Mi Ra Noh, Jinu Kim, Min Jung Kong, Jee In Kim, Jeen-Woo Park, Kwon Moo Park
Mitochondrial NADP(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH2) catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of isocitrate to α-ketoglutarate, synthesizing NADPH, which is essential for mitochondrial redox balance. Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) is one of most common causes of AKI. I/R disrupts the mitochondrial redox balance, resulting in oxidative damage to mitochondria and cells. Here, we investigated the role of IDH2 in I/R-induced AKI. I/R injury in mice led to the inactivation of IDH2 in kidney tubule cells. Idh2 gene deletion exacerbated the I/R-induced increase in plasma creatinine and BUN levels and the histologic evidence of tubule injury, and augmented the reduction of NADPH levels and the increase in oxidative stress observed in the kidney after I/R...
November 7, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815996/human-airway-organoid-engineering-as-a-step-toward-lung-regeneration-and-disease-modeling
#14
Qi Tan, Kyoung Moo Choi, Delphine Sicard, Daniel J Tschumperlin
Organoids represent both a potentially powerful tool for the study cell-cell interactions within tissue-like environments, and a platform for tissue regenerative approaches. The development of lung tissue-like organoids from human adult-derived cells has not previously been reported. Here we combined human adult primary bronchial epithelial cells, lung fibroblasts, and lung microvascular endothelial cells in supportive 3D culture conditions to generate airway organoids. We demonstrate that randomly-seeded mixed cell populations undergo rapid condensation and self-organization into discrete epithelial and endothelial structures that are mechanically robust and stable during long term culture...
January 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799484/renal-fanconi-syndrome-and-hypophosphatemic-rickets-in-the-absence-of-xenotropic-and-polytropic-retroviral-receptor-in-the-nephron
#15
Camille Ansermet, Matthias B Moor, Gabriel Centeno, Muriel Auberson, Dorothy Zhang Hu, Roland Baron, Svetlana Nikolaeva, Barbara Haenzi, Natalya Katanaeva, Ivan Gautschi, Vladimir Katanaev, Samuel Rotman, Robert Koesters, Laurent Schild, Sylvain Pradervand, Olivier Bonny, Dmitri Firsov
Tight control of extracellular and intracellular inorganic phosphate (Pi) levels is critical to most biochemical and physiologic processes. Urinary Pi is freely filtered at the kidney glomerulus and is reabsorbed in the renal tubule by the action of the apical sodium-dependent phosphate transporters, NaPi-IIa/NaPi-IIc/Pit2. However, the molecular identity of the protein(s) participating in the basolateral Pi efflux remains unknown. Evidence has suggested that xenotropic and polytropic retroviral receptor 1 (XPR1) might be involved in this process...
October 31, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780843/binding-of-anti-dsdna-antibodies-to-proximal-tubular-epithelial-cells-contributes-to-renal-tubulointerstitial-inflammation
#16
Susan Yung, Claudia Y C Ng, Kin Yi Au, Kwok Fan Cheung, Qing Zhang, Chenzhu Zhang, Desmond Y H Yap, Mel K M Chau, Tak Mao Chan
Immune deposits are often observed along the tubular basement membrane in patients with lupus nephritis, but the role of anti-dsDNA antibody (Ab) deposition on tubulointerstitial inflammation remains to be investigated. We examined the effect of human polyclonal anti-dsDNA Abs on inflammatory processes in cultured proximal renal tubular epithelial cells (PTEC, HK-2 cells) and their association with serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in patients. Binding of anti-dsDNA Abs to HK-2 cells was investigated by cellular ELISA, flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776163/potential-use-of-autologous-renal-cells-from-diseased-kidneys-for-the-treatment-of-renal-failure
#17
Sunil K George, Mehran Abolbashari, John D Jackson, Tamer Aboushwareb, Anthony Atala, James J Yoo
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) occurs when certain conditions cause the kidneys to gradually lose function. For patients with CKD, renal transplantation is the only treatment option that restores kidney function. In this study, we evaluated primary renal cells obtained from diseased kidneys to determine whether their normal phenotypic and functional characteristics are retained, and could be used for cell therapy. Primary renal cells isolated from both normal kidneys (NK) and diseased kidneys (CKD) showed similar phenotypic characteristics and growth kinetics...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760765/deletion-of-protein-kinase-c-%C3%AE%C2%B5-attenuates-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-ameliorates-ischemic-renal-injury
#18
Grazyna Nowak, Diana Takacsova-Bakajsova, Judit Megyesi
Previously, we documented that activation of protein kinase C-ε (PKC-ε) mediates mitochondrial dysfunction in cultured renal proximal tubule cells (RPTC). This study tested whether deletion of PKC-ε decreases dysfunction of renal cortical mitochondria and improves kidney function after renal ischemia. PKC-ε levels in mitochondria of ischemic kidneys increased 24 h after ischemia. Complex I- and complex II-coupled state 3 respirations were reduced 44 and 27%, respectively, in wild-type (WT) but unchanged and increased in PKC-ε-deficient (KO) mice after ischemia...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633115/mechanism-of-tacrolimus-induced-chronic-renal-fibrosis-following-transplantation-is-regulated-by-ox-ldl-and-its-receptor-lox-1
#19
Shi Deng, Tao Jin, Li Zhang, Hong Bu, Peng Zhang
Chronic renal allograft dysfunction (CRAD) is the most common cause of graft failure following renal transplantation. However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be fully elucidated. Immunosuppressants and hyperlipidemia are associated with renal fibrosis following long‑term use. The present study aimed to determine the effects of tacrolimus (FK506) and lipid metabolism disorder on CRAD. In vitro and in vivo models were used for this investigation. Cells of the mouse proximal renal tubular epithelial cell strain, NRK‑52E, were cultured either with oxidized low‑density lipoprotein (ox‑LDL), FK506, ox‑LDL combined with FK506, or vehicle, respectively...
November 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622990/induction-of-microrna-17-5p-by-p53-protects-against-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-targeting-death-receptor-6
#20
Jielu Hao, Qingqing Wei, Shuqin Mei, Lin Li, Yunchao Su, Changlin Mei, Zheng Dong
Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury is a leading cause of acute kidney injury; the pathogenesis of which remains poorly understood and effective therapies are still lacking. Here we tested whether microRNAs, identified as critical regulators of cell health and disease, are involved in this process. We found that miR-17-5p was significantly up-regulated during renal ischemia-reperfusion injury in mice and during hypoxia in cultured renal tubular cells. In cultured cells, miR-17-5p directly inhibited the expression of death receptor 6 (DR6) and attenuated apoptosis during hypoxia...
January 2017: Kidney International
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