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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351185/brief-report-lead-levels-in-selected-electronic-cigarettes-from-canada-and-the-united-states
#1
Zachary R Dunbar, Ananth Das, Richard J O'Connor, Maciej L Goniewicz, Binnian Wei, Mark J Travers
Few published studies have investigated the presence of lead in the e-liquid of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). Lead inhalation is associated with increased risk of stroke, heart disease, and other diseases. This study used a novel application of graphite furnace technology to compare the concentration of lead between e-liquids of different packaging and product designs using e-liquids that are or were commercially available in the United States and Canada. Eleven nicotine-free disposable ENDS devices and 12 bottled refill solutions that contained nicotine were purchased from retailers in Canada and the United States between 2015 and 2017...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350618/a-call-to-end-the-epidemic-of-adolescent-e-cigarette-use
#2
Grace Kong, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350617/adolescents-and-e-cigarettes-objects-of-concern-may-appear-larger-than-they-are
#3
Lynn T Kozlowski, Kenneth E Warner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342380/e-cigarettes-and-the-harm-reduction-continuum
#4
Amy L Fairchild, Ju Sung Lee, Ronald Bayer, James Curran
On July 28, 2017, the recently appointed commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Scott Gottlieb, announced a "new comprehensive plan for tobacco and nicotine regulation." To permit both scientific deliberation and product innovation, the FDA will delay rules on the regulation of..
January 18, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338581/perceived-discrimination-as-a-risk-factor-for-use-of-emerging-tobacco-products-more-similarities-than-differences-across-demographic-groups-and-attributions-for-discrimination
#5
Jennifer B Unger
BACKGROUND: Perceived discrimination has been associated with cigarette smoking and other substance use among members of disadvantaged minority groups. However, most studies have focused on a single minority group, have not considered the individual's attribution for the discrimination, and have not considered emerging tobacco products. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between perceived discrimination and use of six tobacco products (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, hookah, and smokeless tobacco) in a diverse sample of 1,068 adults in the United States...
January 17, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336657/what-factors-are-associated-with-electronic-cigarette-shisha-tobacco-and-conventional-cigarette-use-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-australian-adolescents
#6
Tahlia Williams, Victoria White
BACKGROUND: Adolescents' use of electronic cigarettes and shisha-tobacco increased in several countries during the 2000s, including in the United States, United Kingdom and Canada. Few studies have examined the factors associated with exclusive e-cigarette or shisha-tobacco use and whether adolescents using these substances exclusively differ from those using traditional cigarettes. OBJECTIVES: To examine the socio-demographic and behavioural correlates of exclusive e-cigarette and exclusive shisha-tobacco use to those found for users of tobacco cigarettes and multiple nicotine products in Australian adolescents...
January 16, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335939/-e-cigarettes-in-urgent-cases-an-acceptable-alternative
#7
REVIEW
Thomas Hering
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332004/host-agent-vector-environment-measures-for-electronic-cigarette-research-used-in-nih-grants
#8
Mary L Garcia-Cazarin, Rachel J Mandal, Rachel Grana, Kay L Wanke, Helen I Meissner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the focus and comprehensiveness of domains measured in e-cigarette research. METHODS: A portfolio analysis of National Institutes of Health grants focusing on e-cigarette research and funded between the fiscal years 2007 and 2015 was conducted. Grant proposals were retrieved using a government database and coded using the Host-Agent-Vector-Environment (HAVE) model as a framework to characterise the measures proposed...
January 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330242/patient-perspectives-on-discussions-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-primary-care
#9
Mark P Doescher, Ming Wu, Elizabeth Rainwater, Ali S Khan, Dorothy A Rhoades
PURPOSE: Patient preferences regarding the role of the primary care provider (PCP) in discussing electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use are unknown. METHODS: We administered a cross-sectional survey to 568 adult patients in a family medicine clinic to explore e-cigarette use, sources of information on e-cigarettes, perceived knowledge about e-cigarette health effects, views regarding PCP knowledge of e-cigarettes, interest in discussing e-cigarettes with PCPs and preferred format for e-cigarette information...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329351/educational-gradients-in-the-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-and-heat-not-burn-tobacco-products-in-japan
#10
Yuki Miyazaki, Takahiro Tabuchi
OBJECTIVES: In addition to electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), tobacco companies have recently begun to sell heat-not-burn tobacco products, Ploom and iQOS in Japan. Previous research has reported an inverse association between combustible cigarette smoking and educational attainment, but little is known about the association for e-cigarettes, especially heat-not-burn tobacco products. Our objective was to analyze the relationship between educational attainment and e-cigarette and heat-not-burn tobacco use...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326450/cariogenicity-of-e-cigarettes
#11
S Umerji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324177/tobacco-use-among-adults-by-sexual-orientation-findings-from-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-study
#12
Christopher W Wheldon, Annette R Kaufman, Karin A Kasza, Richard P Moser
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to characterize lifetime tobacco use across two measures of sexual orientation and six types of tobacco products. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (Wave 1, 2013-2014, USA) to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, pipes, hookah, and smokeless) stratified by gender (men/women), age (< 25/≥ 25 years old), and sexual orientation...
January 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323610/the-debate-about-electronic-cigarettes-harm-minimization-or-the-precautionary-principle
#13
Lawrence W Green, Jonathan E Fielding, Ross C Brownson
Two contrasting reviews (authored by Abrams et al. and Glanz & Bareham) in this volume have reached opposing conclusions on the effects of electronic cigarettes in a debate that is dividing the scientific and professional communities that have devoted careers to controlling the manufacture, advertising, sale, and use of combustible cigarettes. The research on the types, degree, and extent of harm from e-cigarettes is far from complete and, together with trends in teenage smoking and vaping, has raised new questions and prospects about the potential benefits that the new electronic products offer smokers of combustible cigarettes in quitting or at least cutting back on the known risks associated with the traditional forms of smoking...
January 11, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323609/e-cigarettes-use-effects-on-smoking-risks-and-policy-implications
#14
Stanton A Glantz, David W Bareham
Since e-cigarettes appeared in the mid-2000s, some practitioners, researchers, and policy makers have embraced them as a safer alternative to conventional cigarettes and an effective way to stop smoking. While e-cigarettes deliver lower levels of carcinogens than do conventional cigarettes, they still expose users to high levels of ultrafine particles and other toxins that may substantially increase cardiovascular and noncancer lung disease risks, which account for more than half of all smoking-caused deaths, at rates similar to conventional cigarettes...
January 11, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323232/comparison-of-bladder-carcinogens-in-the-urine-of-e-cigarette-users-versus-non-e-cigarette-using-controls
#15
Thomas W Fuller, Abhinav P Acharya, Thiagarajan Meyyappan, Michelle Yu, Godugu Bhaskar, Steven R Little, Tatum V Tarin
Electronic cigarette (EC) use is gaining popularity as a substitute for conventional smoking due to the perception and evidence it represents a safer alternative. In contrast to the common perception amongst users that ECs represent no risk initial studies have revealed a complex composition of e-cigarette liquids. Conventional cigarette smoking is a known risk factor for developing bladder cancer and prior reports raise concern some of those causative compounds may exist in EC liquids or vapor. Urine samples were collected from 13 e-cigarette using subjects and 10 non e-cigarette using controls...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321148/many-smokers-overestimate-e-cigarette-risks-mps-hear
#16
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320670/diagnosing-copd-and-supporting-smoking-cessation-in-general-practice-evidence-practice-gaps
#17
Jenifer Liang, Michael J Abramson, Nicholas A Zwar, Grant M Russell, Anne E Holland, Billie Bonevski, Ajay Mahal, Kirsten Phillips, Paula Eustace, Eldho Paul, Sally Wilson, Johnson George
OBJECTIVES: To review the accuracy of diagnoses of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in primary care in Australia, and to describe smokers' experiences with and preferences for smoking cessation. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients were invited to participate if they were at least 40 years old and had visited participating general practice clinics in Melbourne at least twice during the previous 12 months, reported being current or ex-smokers with a smoking history of at least 10 pack-years, or were being managed for COPD...
January 15, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320661/regulating-e-cigarettes-in-australia-implications-for-tobacco-use-by-young-people
#18
Luke Wolfenden, Emily Stockings, Sze Lin Yoong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315420/e-cigarette-marketing-and-communication-how-e-cigarette-companies-market-e-cigarettes-and-the-public-engages-with-e-cigarette-information
#19
Lauren Collins, Allison M Glasser, Haneen Abudayyeh, Jennifer L Pearson, Andrea C Villanti
Introduction: Given the lack of regulation on marketing of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in the U.S. and the increasing exchange of e-cigarette-related information online, it is critical to understand how e-cigarette companies market e-cigarettes and how the public engages with e-cigarette information. Methods: Results are from a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature on e-cigarettes via a PubMed search through June 1, 2017. Search terms included: "e-cigarette*" OR "electronic cigarette" OR "electronic cigarettes" OR "electronic nicotine delivery" OR "vape" OR "vaping...
January 5, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314402/commentary-on-seyla-et-al-2018-advantages-in-the-consideration-of-causal-mechanisms-for-studies-of-gateway-e-cigarette-use
#20
Zachary Cahn, Carla J Berg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Addiction
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