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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214741/identifying-social-smoking-u-s-young-adults-using-an-empirically-driven-approach
#1
Andrea C Villanti, Amanda L Johnson, Jessica M Rath, Valerie Williams, Donna M Vallone, David B Abrams, Donald Hedeker, Robin J Mermelstein
The phenomenon of "social smoking" emerged in the past decade as an important area of research, largely due to its high prevalence in young adults. The purpose of this study was to identify classes of young adult ever smokers based on measures of social and contextual influences on tobacco use. Latent class models were developed using social smoking measures, and not the frequency or quantity of tobacco use. Data come from a national sample of young adult ever smokers aged 18-24 (Truth Initiative Young Adult Cohort Study, N=1564)...
February 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212302/the-importance-of-conditioned-stimuli-in-cigarette-and-e-cigarette-craving-reduction-by-e-cigarettes
#2
Martijn Van Heel, Dinska Van Gucht, Koen Vanbrabant, Frank Baeyens
This study examined the impact of four variables pertaining to the use of e-cigarettes (e-cigs) on cravings for tobacco cigarettes and for e-cigs after an overnight abstinence period. The four variables were the nicotine level, the sensorimotor component, the visual aspect, and the aroma of the e-cig. In an experimental study, 81 participants without prior vaping experience first got acquainted with using e-cigs in a one-week tryout period, after which they participated in a lab session assessing the effect of five minutes of vaping following an abstinence period of 12 h...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202930/harm-reduction-and-e-cigarettes-distorting-the-approach
#3
Michael Moore, Martin McKee, Mike Daube
Some supporters of electronic cigarettes have argued that they should be considered a form of harm reduction, analogous to that which has been successful with narcotics. In this viewpoint, we contend that this argument is based on highly selective use of the evidence, coupled with a fundamental misunderstanding of a comprehensive harm minimisation strategy. This includes not only harm reduction but also reduction in demand and supply-two elements that are explicitly rejected by many advocates of electronic cigarettes...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202929/prohibition-of-e-cigarettes-in-the-us-are-prohibitions-where-alcohol-is-consumed-related-to-lower-alcohol-consumption
#4
Alexandra R Hershberger, Kenny A Karyadi, Melissa A Cyders
Recently, research has suggested negative consequences related to electronic cigarette (e-cig) use, including the increased risk for alcohol use and abuse. Previous work found that cigarette smoking ban legislation lowered overall smoking and alcohol use rates; however, researchers have not yet examined the potential effects of prohibiting e-cig use. The present study surveyed 617 individuals from a community-based online sample in the US (mean age = 33.33, SD = 10.50, 54.7 per cent female) who reported their smoking/e-cig use status, alcohol consumption, and the presence of e-cig prohibitions where they consume alcohol...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199715/the-relationships-of-expectancies-with-e-cigarette-use-among-hospitalized-smokers-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#5
Peter S Hendricks, Christopher B Thorne, Sara N Lappan, Noah W Sweat, JeeWon Cheong, Rekha Ramachandran, Connie L Kohler, William C Bailey, Kathleen F Harrington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199689/depressive-symptoms-predict-current-e-cigarette-use-among-college-students-in-texas
#6
Frank C Bandiera, Alexandra Loukas, Xiaoyin Li, Anna V Wilkinson, Cheryl L Perry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198992/a-debate-can-we-recommend-electronic-cigarettes-to-our-patients-opinion-1
#7
Tadeusz M Zielonka
A discussion about disadvantages of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has recently broken out. There are even opinions that they are as harmful as regular cigarettes. However, this has not been proved, and theoretical premises suggest that e-cigarettes should be definitely less harmful as while using them, tobacco is not burned and harmful substances, in particular carcinogens are not produced. Certain premises assume that e-cigarettes may be used as a new form of nicotine replacement therapy, but this has not been confirmed yet...
2017: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198988/e-smoking-among-students-of-medicine-frequency-pattern-and-motivations
#8
Grzegorz Brożek, Mateusz Jankowski, Jan Zejda, Agnieszka Jarosińska, Agnieszka Idzik, Piotr Bańka
INTRODUCTION: E-smoking has become a public health problem. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of e-cigarette and tobacco cigarette use; to compare the patterns of smoking; to assess the attitudes and motivations for e-cigarette use. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All 1,700 students from Faculty of Medicine (Medical University of Silesia) were invited to questionnaire based cross-sectional study about the frequency and attitudes towards the use of traditional and electronic cigarettes...
2017: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198986/are-e-cigarettes-good-or-bad
#9
Paweł Górski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195231/solvent-chemistry-in-the-electronic-cigarette-reaction-vessel
#10
R Paul Jensen, Robert M Strongin, David H Peyton
Knowledge of the mechanism of formation, levels and toxicological profiles of the chemical products in the aerosols (i.e., vapor plus particulate phases) of e-cigarettes is needed in order to better inform basic research as well as the general public, regulators, and industry. To date, studies of e-cigarette emissions have mainly focused on chromatographic techniques for quantifying and comparing the levels of selected e-cigarette aerosol components to those found in traditional cigarettes. E-cigarettes heat and aerosolize the solvents propylene glycol (PG) and glycerol (GLY), thereby affording unique product profiles as compared to traditional cigarettes...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194215/accidental-ingestion-of-e-cigarette-liquid-nicotine-in-a-15-month-old-child-an-infant-mortality-case-of-nicotine-intoxication
#11
An Deok Seo, Dong Chan Kim, Hee Joon Yu, Min Jae Kang
Electronic cigarettes are novel tobacco products that are frequently used these days. The cartridge contains liquid nicotine and accidental poisoning, even with a small oral dose, endangers children. We present here a mortality case of a 15-month-old child who ingested liquid nicotine mistaking it for cold medicine. When the emergency medical technicians arrived, she was found to have pulseless electrical activity. Spontaneous circulation was restored after approximately 40 minutes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186947/survey-of-community-pharmacists-perception-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-london
#12
Ana C N Marques Gomes, Shereen Nabhani-Gebara, Reem Kayyali, Federico Buonocore, Gianpiero Calabrese
OBJECTIVES: To seek community pharmacists' perception on use, safety and possible effectiveness of e-cigarettes as quit smoking tools, and their future regulation. SETTING: A survey of a sample of 154 community pharmacies across London, UK. CONTEXT: E-cigarettes have exclusively established themselves in the market through consumers-led demand. To date, e-cigarettes still remain unregulated and can be easily purchased in shops, over the internet, but more controversially also in pharmacies in the UK...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182981/subjective-experiences-at-first-use-of-cigarette-e-cigarettes-hookah-and-cigar-products-among-texas-adolescents
#13
Dale S Mantey, Melissa B Harrell, Kathleen Case, Brittani Crook, Steven H Kelder, Cheryl L Perry
INTRODUCTION: Subjective experiences ("SEs") at first cigarette use have been thoroughly examined; however, limited research has examined SEs at first use of non-cigarette products. This study addresses this gap in the literature. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 6th, 8th and 10th grade students in four metropolitan areas of Texas (n=3907/N=461,069). Nausea, coughing, relaxation, rush/buzz, and dizziness at first use were assessed for cigarettes, e-cigarettes, hookah, and cigar products...
January 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174154/e-cigarettes-users-have-lower-carcinogen-and-toxin-levels-than-smokers-study-finds
#14
Susan Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170247/response-to-comment-on-flavoring-compounds-dominate-toxic-aldehyde-production-during-e-cigarette-vaping
#15
Andrey Khlystov, Vera Samburova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170231/comment-on-flavoring-compounds-dominate-toxic-aldehyde-production-during-e-cigarette-vaping
#16
Konstantinos Farsalinos, Gene Gillman, Kurt Kistler, Nikoletta Yannovits
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170058/evaluating-nicotine-dependence-levels-in-e-cigarette-users
#17
Alba González Roz, Roberto Secades Villa, Sara Weidberg
Despite the fact that electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are rapidly growing in popularity and use worldwide, there is scarce scientific data on abuse liability among e-cigarette users, and about whether e-cigarette use is related to nicotine dependence or not. The aim of this study is to explore nicotine dependence levels in a sample of experienced e-cigarette users (n= 39) and to compare them with current tobacco cigarette smokers (n=42). We conducted several face-to-face interviews in order to assess sociodemographic and dependence related characteristics in both e-cigarette users and in smokers...
January 11, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168771/recent-updates-on-electronic-cigarette-aerosol-and-inhaled-nicotine-effects-on-periodontal-and-pulmonary-tissues
#18
REVIEW
Fawad Javed, Sergio V Kellesarian, Isaac K Sundar, Georgios E Romanos, Irfan Rahman
E-cigarette derived inhaled nicotine may contribute to the pathogenesis of periodontal and pulmonary diseases in particular via lung inflammation, injurious and dysregulated repair responses. Nicotine is shown to have anti-proliferative properties and affects fibroblasts in vitro, which may interfere in tissue myofibroblast differentiation in e-cig users. This will affect the ability to heal wounds by decreasing wound contraction. In periodontics, direct exposure to e-vapor has been shown to produce harmful effects in periodontal ligament and gingival fibroblasts in culture...
February 6, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167683/e-cigarette-use-as-a-predictor-of-cigarette-smoking-results-from-a-1-year-follow-up-of-a-national-sample-of-12th-grade-students
#19
Richard Miech, Megan E Patrick, Patrick M O'Malley, Lloyd D Johnston
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively examine vaping as a predictor of future cigarette smoking among youth with and without previous cigarette smoking experience. A secondary aim is to investigate whether vaping may desensitise youth to the dangers of smoking. METHODS: Analysis of prospective longitudinal panel data from the nationally representative Monitoring the Future study. The analysis is based on 347 12th grade students who were part of a randomly selected subsample that completed in-school surveys in 2014 and were resurveyed 1-year later...
February 6, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167512/e-cigarettes-and-dripping-among-high-school-youth
#20
Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Meghan Morean, Grace Kong, Krysten W Bold, Deepa R Camenga, Dana A Cavallo, Patricia Simon, Ran Wu
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) electrically heat and vaporize e-liquids to produce inhalable vapors. These devices are being used to inhale vapors produced by dripping e-liquids directly onto heated atomizers. The current study conducts the first evaluation of the prevalence rates and reasons for using e-cigarettes for dripping among high school students. METHODS: In the spring of 2015, students from 8 Connecticut high schools (n = 7045) completed anonymous surveys that examined tobacco use behaviors and perceptions...
February 6, 2017: Pediatrics
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