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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937573/committee-opinion-no-721-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy
#1
(no author information available yet)
Smoking is the one of the most important modifiable causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in the United States, and is associated with maternal, fetal, and infant morbidity and mortality. The physical and psychologic addiction to cigarettes is powerful; however, the compassionate intervention of the obstetrician-gynecologist can be the critical element in prenatal smoking cessation. An office-based protocol that systematically identifies pregnant women who smoke and offers treatment or referral has been proved to increase quit rates...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937568/committee-opinion-no-721-summary-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy
#2
(no author information available yet)
Smoking is the one of the most important modifiable causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in the United States, and is associated with maternal, fetal, and infant morbidity and mortality. The physical and psychologic addiction to cigarettes is powerful; however, the compassionate intervention of the obstetrician-gynecologist can be the critical element in prenatal smoking cessation. An office-based protocol that systematically identifies pregnant women who smoke and offers treatment or referral has been proved to increase quit rates...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936380/knowledge-and-attitude-of-teenagers-towards-electronic-cigarettes-in-karachi-pakistan
#3
Asim Shaikh, Hamza T Ansari, Zeerak Ahmad, Mahnoor Y Shaikh, Ilma Khalid, Maha Jahangir, Amna Majeed, Nimra Shakeel, Arsalan Ahmed, Roha Saeed Memon, Eleze Tariq, Rafia Irfan, Dania Madni
Introduction Studies have shown that electronic cigarettes have gained immense popularity and their use has increased dramatically all over the world. However, little is known about the knowledge and attitudes towards e-cigarettes in third world countries such as Pakistan. The aim of this study was to determine the perceptions of teenagers in Karachi regarding e-cigarettes and whether the differences in said perceptions were affected by gender and level of education. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study in January 2017 using convenience sampling and interviewed 441 young individuals, aged 13 to 19 years, to determine their knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding e-cigarettes...
July 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934079/direct-marketing-promotion-and-electronic-cigarette-use-among-us-adults-national-adult-tobacco-survey-2013-2014
#4
Hongying Dai, Jianqiang Hao
INTRODUCTION: The use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) among US adults has increased since 2007. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of direct marketing promotion of e-cigarettes and its association with e-cigarette use among US adults. METHODS: We used using data from the 2013-2014 National Adult Tobacco Survey (NATS) to estimate prevalence of e-cigarette promotions received by mail or email. Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine the associations between e-cigarette promotions and the prevalence and frequency of e-cigarette use among US adults...
September 21, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932027/influence-of-legislations-and-news-on-indian-internet-search-query-patterns-of-e-cigarettes
#5
Rooban Thavarajah, Anusa Arunachalam Mohandoss, Kannan Ranganathan, Srinivas Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) in India. In addition, the Indian internet search pattern for ENDS has not been studied. We aimed to address this lacuna. Moreover, the influence of the tobacco legislations and news pieces on such search volume is not known. Given the fact that ENDS could cause oral lesions, these data are pertinent to dentists. METHODS: Using a time series analysis, we examined the effect of tobacco-related legislations and news pieces on total search volume (TSV) from September 1, 2012, to August 31, 2016...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931527/sympathomimetic-effects-of-acute-e-cigarette-use-role-of-nicotine-and-non-nicotine-constituents
#6
Roya S Moheimani, May Bhetraratana, Kacey M Peters, Benjamin K Yang, Fen Yin, Jeffrey Gornbein, Jesus A Araujo, Holly R Middlekauff
BACKGROUND: Chronic electronic (e) cigarette users have increased resting cardiac sympathetic nerve activity and increased susceptibility to oxidative stress. The purpose of the present study is to determine the role of nicotine versus non-nicotine constituents in e-cigarette emissions in causing these pathologies in otherwise healthy humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-three healthy volunteers who were not current e-cigarette or tobacco cigarette smokers were studied...
September 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927321/do-current-and-former-cigarette-smokers-have-an-attentional-bias-for-e-cigarette-cues
#7
Kirsten Lochbuehler, E Paul Wileyto, Kathy Z Tang, Melissa Mercincavage, Joseph N Cappella, Andrew A Strasser
The similarity of e-cigarettes to tobacco cigarettes with regard to shape and usage raises the question of whether e-cigarette cues have the same incentive motivational properties as tobacco cigarette cues. The objective of the present study was to examine whether e-cigarette cues capture and hold smokers' and former smokers' attention and whether the attentional focus is associated with subsequent craving for tobacco cigarettes. It was also examined whether device type (cigalike or mod) moderated this relationship...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915519/-e-cigarettes-on-everyone-s-lips-current-representative-data-on-use-among-adolescents-and-adults
#8
Sven Schneider, Tatiana Görig, Laura Schilling, Katharina Diehl
Background International data suggest an increase in e-cigarette use. However, there are still significant deficits in the reporting of its current prevalence. The present study reports representative data on e-cigarette use that make it possible to differentiate users both by the nicotine content of the e-cigarette liquids being used and by their smoking status. Methods and material The underlying data are taken from the National Cancer Aid Monitoring (NCAM). In its first wave, 3000 persons aged between 14 and 45 were interviewed by telephone...
September 15, 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915478/studying-the-interactive-effects-of-menthol-and-nicotine-among-youth-an-examination-using-e-cigarettes
#9
Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Barry G Green, Grace Kong, Dana A Cavallo, Peter Jatlow, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Eugenia Buta, Stephanie S O'Malley
BACKGROUND: Tobacco products containing menthol are widely used by youth. We used e-cigarettes to conduct an experimental evaluation of the independent and interactive effects of menthol and nicotine among youth. PROCEDURES: Pilot chemosensory experiments with fourteen e-cigarette users identified low (barely perceptible, 0.5%) and high (similar to commercial e-liquid, 3.5%) menthol concentrations. Sixty e-cigarette users were randomized to a nicotine concentration (0mg/ml, 6mg/ml, 12mg/ml) and participated in 3 laboratory sessions...
August 31, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910258/recommendations-will-the-tobacco-and-vaping-products-act-go-far-enough
#10
Kurt L Tulsieram, Sylvia Rinaldi, Jacob J Shelley
E-cigarette use among adolescents and young adults in Canada is increasing. Potvin's (2016) editorial outlined the need for more evidence on e-cigarettes as a gateway to combustible cigarettes and their toxicity. Since then, new evidence has emerged supporting the gateway effect and establishing toxicity. Health Canada has reviewed the evidence and recently opted to regulate e-cigarettes, including prohibiting brick-and-mortar retail access for youth under 18 years of age. However, many online e-cigarette retailers exist, which increases adolescents' access to e-cigarettes and currently unregulated nicotine-containing refills...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902632/e-cigarettes-risk-mitigation-for-smokers-or-a-public-health-disaster
#11
EDITORIAL
Peter D Sly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900552/electronic-cigarette-use-among-mississippi-adults-2015
#12
Vincent L Mendy, Rodolfo Vargas, Gerri Cannon-Smith, Marinelle Payton, Enkhmaa Byambaa, Lei Zhang
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery-powered devices that deliver nicotine in the form of aerosol. We identify differences and associations in e-cigarette use by sociodemographic characteristics and describe the reported reasons for initiating use among Mississippi adults. We used the 2015 Mississippi Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, which collected information on e-cigarette use from 6,035 respondents. The prevalence of current e-cigarette use and having ever tried an e-cigarette was determined overall and by sociodemographic characteristics...
2017: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899908/activation-of-the-splenocardiac-axis-by-electronic-and-tobacco-cigarettes-in-otherwise-healthy-young-adults
#13
Zachary Boas, Pawan Gupta, Roya S Moheimani, May Bhetraratana, Fen Yin, Kacey M Peters, Jeffrey Gornbein, Jesus A Araujo, Johannes Czernin, Holly R Middlekauff
The "Splenocardiac Axis" describes an inflammatory signaling network underlying acute cardiac ischemia, characterized by sympathetic nerve stimulation of hematopoietic tissues, such as the bone marrow and spleen, which then release proinflammatory monocytes that populate atherosclerotic plaques, thereby promoting ischemic heart disease. Electronic (e) cigarettes, like tobacco cigarettes trigger sympathetic nerve activation, but virtually nothing is known about their influence on hematopoietic and vascular tissues and cardiovascular risks...
September 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892771/exclusive-e-cigarette-use-predicts-cigarette-initiation-among-college-students
#14
Alexandra Loukas, C Nathan Marti, Maria Cooper, Keryn E Pasch, Cheryl L Perry
INTRODUCTION: An increasing body of research indicates that use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) predicts cigarette initiation. However, no studies examine if risk for cigarette initiation varies for exclusive ENDS users versus users of ENDS and other tobacco products. This study examined if: a) cigarette-naïve young adults (i.e., never cigarette users) who ever used ENDS had a greater odds of initiating cigarettes than non-ENDS users over a 1.5year period and b) the odds of cigarette initiation was consistent across exclusive ENDS users and users of ENDS and at least one tobacco product...
August 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890297/e-cigarette-use-in-young-people-in-the-uk
#15
Priya Venkatesan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887426/e-cigarettes-and-youth-smoking-be-alert-but-not-alarmed
#16
EDITORIAL
Coral E Gartner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886395/individual-peer-and-family-factor-modification-of-neighborhood-level-effects-on-adolescent-alcohol-cigarette-e-cigarette-and-marijuana-use
#17
Regina A Shih, Layla Parast, Eric R Pedersen, Wendy M Troxel, Joan S Tucker, Jeremy N V Miles, Lisa Kraus, Elizabeth J D'Amico
BACKGROUND: Neighborhood factors reported subjectively by residents and measured objectively at the census tract are both associated with adolescent alcohol, tobacco (cigarette and electronic cigarette), and other drug (marijuana) (ATOD) use. Less clear is how these neighborhood factors are longitudinally associated with each substance. Equivocal findings may be due to lack of consideration of individual, peer, and family effect modifiers, which could help adolescents overcome exposure to stressful neighborhood environments...
August 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884423/electronic-cigarette-use-in-us-adults-at-risk-for-or-with-copd-analysis-from-two-observational-cohorts
#18
Russell P Bowler, Nadia N Hansel, Sean Jacobson, R Graham Barr, Barry J Make, MeiLan K Han, Wanda K O'Neal, Elizabeth C Oelsner, Richard Casaburi, Igor Barjaktarevic, Chris Cooper, Marilyn Foreman, Robert A Wise, Dawn L DeMeo, Edwin K Silverman, William Bailey, Kathleen F Harrington, Prescott G Woodruff, M Bradley Drummond
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery-operated nicotine-delivery devices used by some smokers as a cessation tool as well as by never smokers. OBJECTIVE: To determine the usage of e-cigarettes in older adults at risk for or with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Prospective cohorts. PARTICIPANTS: COPDGene (N = 3536) and SPIROMICS (N = 1060) subjects who were current or former smokers aged 45-80...
September 7, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882742/to-vape-or-not-to-vape-effects-of-exposure-to-conflicting-news-headlines-on-beliefs-about-harms-and-benefits-of-electronic-cigarette-use-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-experiment
#19
Andy S L Tan, Chul-Joo Lee, Rebekah H Nagler, Cabral A Bigman
News coverage of novel tobacco products including e-cigarettes has framed the use of these products with both positive and negative slants. Conflicting information may shape public knowledge, perceptions of e-cigarettes, and their harms. The objective of this study is to assess effects of exposure to conflicting news coverage on US adults' beliefs about harms and benefits of e-cigarette use. We conducted a one-way between-subjects randomized controlled experiment in 2016 to compare the effects of viewing either 1) positive, 2) negative, 3) both positive and negative (conflicting) news headlines about the safety of using e-cigarettes, or 4) no-message...
September 4, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880223/how-social-care-beneficiaries-in-poland-rate-relative-harmfulness-of-various-tobacco-and-nicotine-containing-products
#20
Marek Milcarz, Kinga Polańska, Leokadia Bak-Romaniszyn, Dorota Kaleta
The aim of the study was to examine how social care beneficiaries rate the relative harmfulness of tobacco/nicotine-containing products compared to traditional cigarettes. This information is crucial for the development of effective tobacco control strategies targeting disadvantaged populations. The cross-sectional study covered 1817 respondents who were taking advantage of social aid services offered by the local social care institutions in the Piotrkowski district, via face-to-face interviews. The linear regression analysis indicated that relative to women, men consider slim cigarettes, smokeless tobacco and e-cigarettes to be more harmful than traditional cigarettes (p < 0...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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