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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637344/nicotine-delivery-to-the-aerosol-of-a-heat-not-burn-tobacco-product-comparison-with-a-tobacco-cigarette-and-e-cigarettes
#1
Konstantinos E Farsalinos, Nikoletta Yannovits, Theoni Sarri, Vassilis Voudris, Konstantinos Poulas
Introduction: The purpose was to measure nicotine levels to the tobacco and levels emitted to the aerosol of a heat-not-burn product (HnB, IQOS) compared to e-cigarettes (ECs) and a tobacco cigarette. Methods: The HnB device and regular and menthol sticks were purchased from Italy. Three types of ECs (ciga-like, eGo-style and variable wattage) and a commercially-available tobacco cigarette were also tested. A custom-made liquid containing 2% nicotine was used with ECs...
June 16, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625973/prevalence-and-correlates-of-electronic-cigarette-use-among-canadian-students-cross-sectional-findings-from-the-2014-15-canadian-student-tobacco-alcohol-and-drugs-survey
#2
Annie Montreuil, Marjorie MacDonald, Mark Asbridge, T Cameron Wild, David Hammond, Steve Manske, Erin Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, youth tobacco use has declined, and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have entered the market. The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence of e-cigarette use among youth in Canada, by province, across sociodemographic variables and smoking-related correlates; and to examine associations among e-cigarette use, sociodemographic variables and smoking-related correlates, with adjustment for other factors. METHODS: The 2014/15 Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey, a biennial, school-based survey, was administered to students in grades 6-12 in all Canadian provinces...
June 14, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624764/recommended-core-items-to-assess-e-cigarette-use-in-population-based-surveys
#3
Jennifer L Pearson, Sara C Hitchman, Leonie S Brose, Linda Bauld, Allison M Glasser, Andrea C Villanti, Ann McNeill, David B Abrams, Joanna E Cohen
A consistent approach using standardised items to assess e-cigarette use in both youth and adult populations will aid cross-survey and cross-national comparisons of the effect of e-cigarette (and tobacco) policies and improve our understanding of the population health impact of e-cigarette use. Focusing on adult behaviour, we propose a set of e-cigarette use items, discuss their utility and potential adaptation, and highlight e-cigarette constructs that researchers should avoid without further item development...
June 17, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624763/electronic-cigarette-use-among-us-adults-in-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study-2013-2014
#4
Blair N Coleman, Brian Rostron, Sarah E Johnson, Bridget K Ambrose, Jennifer Pearson, Cassandra A Stanton, Baoguang Wang, Cristine Delnevo, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Heather L Kimmel, Maciej L Goniewicz, Raymond Niaura, David Abrams, Kevin P Conway, Nicolette Borek, Wilson M Compton, Andrew Hyland
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use in the USA is increasing. As such, it is critical to understand who uses e-cigarettes, how e-cigarettes are used and what types of products are prevalent. This study assesses patterns of current e-cigarette use among daily and non-daily adult users in the 2013-2014 Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. METHODS: We examined the proportion of current adult e-cigarette users (n=3642) reporting infrequent use (use on 'some days' and use on 0-2 of the past 30 days), moderate use (use on 'some days' and use on >2 of the past 30 days) and daily use...
June 17, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622100/prevalence-of-substance-use-among-middle-school-aged-e-cigarette-users-compared-with-cigarette-smokers-non-users-and-dual-users-implications-for-primary-prevention
#5
Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Michael J Mann, Megan L Smith
BACKGROUND: To compare the prevalence of substance use in e-cigarette (EC) only users with combustible cigarette (CC) only users, dual users, and non-users in a large sample of middle school-aged adolescents. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional school survey conducted in 15 middle schools in three counties in West Virginia in the US between October and December of 2015 (N = 6,547, girls = 49.6%. Response rate 84.7%). RESULTS: Approximately 4...
June 16, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622021/source-credibility-and-e-cigarette-attitudes-implications-for-tobacco-communication
#6
Kathleen R Case, Allison J Lazard, Michael S Mackert, Cheryl L Perry
As there are many conflicting sources of e-cigarette information, research is needed to determine the impact of these sources on e-cigarette attitudes to inform future communication campaigns. Source credibility is important in shaping attitudes toward other health topics; however, no study has examined its role in influencing e-cigarette attitudes. Data from the 2015 Health Information National Trends Survey-FDA (HINTS-FDA) were utilized to assess differences in trust in different sources by e-cigarette user status and to investigate the associations between trust in sources and e-cigarette attitudes (n = 3,738)...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622008/sharing-tobacco-and-e-cigarette-information-predicting-its-occurrence-and-valence-among-youth-and-young-adults
#7
Michelle Jeong
While interpersonal communication has been shown to influence smoking-related outcomes, mostly in the context of interventions, there is not much research showing what drives young people to talk about tobacco or e-cigarettes. Additionally, the changing media environment calls for research that expands the scope of what is included as interpersonal communication to include not just conversations but also online forms of communicating information. This study puts forth sharing as such a concept, and examines its prevalence and predictors in the context of tobacco and e-cigarette information...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621763/why-don-t-more-smokers-switch-to-using-e-cigarettes-the-views-of-confirmed-smokers
#8
Neil McKeganey, Tiffany Dickson
Whilst e-cigarettes have been characterised by Public Health England as being around 95% less harmful than combustible tobacco products, only a minority of current smokers (around 16% within the UK) are using these devices. In this paper we report the results of an online survey of 650 smokers in contact with a smokers' rights group in the UK. A total of 91% of the smokers surveyed were smoking on a daily basis. Fifty nine percent reported having used electronic nicotine delivery systems, the majority of whom reported having used e-cigarettes...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618425/electronic-cigarettes-in-germany-patterns-of-use-and-perceived-health-improvement
#9
Kirsten Lehmann, Silke Kuhn, Jens Reimer
AIMS: The aim of the study was to characterize e-cigarette users in terms of their consumption patterns, motives, and the perceived health benefits they experience from using e-cigarettes. DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional online survey in 2015. A total of 3,320 German e-cigarette users were enrolled. A total of 91.5% were former tobacco smokers, 7.5% used both e-cigarettes and tobacco products, 1.0% were never-smokers. RESULTS: No differences were found between ex-smokers and dual users with regard to sociodemographic and smoking history (mean age 40...
June 16, 2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617772/electronic-cigarettes-as-an-introductory-tobacco-product-among-eighth-and-11th-grade-tobacco-users-oregon-2015
#10
Jonas Z Hines, Steven C Fiala, Katrina Hedberg
During 2011-2015, increased electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) and hookah use offset declines in cigarette and other tobacco product use among youths (persons aged <18 years) (1). Limited information exists about which tobacco product introduced youths to tobacco product use. Patterns of first use of e-cigarettes among Oregon youths who were tobacco users were assessed in the Oregon Healthy Teens 2015 survey, a cross-sectional survey of eighth and 11th grade students in Oregon. Respondents were asked, "The very first time you used any tobacco or vaping product, which type of product did you use?" Among students who had ever used any tobacco product (ever users), e-cigarettes were the most common introductory tobacco product reported by both eighth (43...
June 16, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617771/tobacco-use-among-middle-and-high-school-students-united-states-2011-2016
#11
Ahmed Jamal, Andrea Gentzke, S Sean Hu, Karen A Cullen, Benjamin J Apelberg, David M Homa, Brian A King
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States; nearly all tobacco use begins during youth and young adulthood (1,2). Among youths, use of tobacco products in any form is unsafe (1,3). CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) analyzed data from the 2011-2016 National Youth Tobacco Surveys (NYTS) to determine recent patterns of current (past 30-day) use of seven tobacco product types among U.S. middle (grades 6-8) and high (grades 9-12) school students. In 2016, 20...
June 16, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612651/behavioral-economic-substitutability-of-e-cigarettes-tobacco-cigarettes-and-nicotine-gum
#12
Matthew W Johnson, Patrick S Johnson, Olga Rass, Lauren R Pacek
The public health impact of e-cigarettes may depend on their substitutability for tobacco cigarettes. Dual users of e-cigarettes and tobacco cigarettes completed purchasing tasks in which they specified daily use levels under hypothetical conditions that varied the availability and price of e-cigarettes, tobacco cigarettes, and nicotine gum (for those with nicotine gum experience). When either e-cigarettes or tobacco cigarettes were the only available commodity, as price per puff increased, purchasing decreased, revealing similar reinforcement profiles...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607098/correlates-of-self-reported-exposure-to-advertising-of-tobacco-products-and-electronic-cigarettes-across-28-european-union-member-states
#13
Filippos T Filippidis, Anthony A Laverty, Esteve Fernandez, Ute Mons, Olena Tigova, Constantine I Vardavas
BACKGROUND: Despite advertising bans in most European Union (EU) member states, outlets for promotion of tobacco products and especially e-cigarettes still exist. This study aimed to assess the correlates of self-reported exposure to tobacco products and e-cigarettee advertising in the EU. METHODS: We analysed data from wave 82.4 of the Eurobarometer survey (November-December 2014), collected through interviews in 28 EU member states (n=27 801 aged ≥15 years) and data on bans of tobacco advertising extracted from the Tobacco Control Scale (TCS, 2013)...
June 12, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604408/smoking-cessation-identifying-readiness-to-quit-and-designing-a-plan
#14
Angela Olenik, Cortney M Mospan
Clinicians must be prepared to identify tobacco use among patients and implement behavioral interventions to help patients quit. By understanding behavioral interventions and pharmacologic options, clinicians can design an optimal quit plan for each patient. This article reviews foundations of tobacco cessation, pharmacotherapy updates, and the emergence of e-cigarettes as desirable cessation tools for patients.
June 9, 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601841/electronic-cigarette-use-in-restaurants-and-workplaces-where-combustible-tobacco-smoking-is-not-allowed-an-internet-survey-in-japan
#15
Kosuke Kiyohara, Takahiro Tabuchi
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to examine the experience of actual electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use in smoke-free areas of restaurants and workplaces and to explore the determinants associated with such use among Japanese adults who reported any experience using e-cigarettes (e-cigarette ever-users). METHODS: An Internet-based self-reported questionnaire survey was conducted in 2015 on Japanese e-cigarette ever-users. The proportion of the respondents who had ever used or frequently used e-cigarettes in smoke-free restaurants and/or workplaces was calculated...
June 10, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596276/comparing-the-cytotoxicity-of-electronic-cigarette-fluids-aerosols-and-solvents
#16
Rachel Z Behar, Yuhuan Wang, Prue Talbot
BACKGROUND: As thousands of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) refill fluids continue to be formulated and distributed, there is a growing need to understand the cytotoxicity of the flavouring chemicals and solvents used in these products to ensure they are safe. The purpose of this study was to compare the cytotoxicity of e-cigarette refill fluids/solvents and their corresponding aerosols using in vitro cultured cells. METHODS: E-cigarette refill fluids and do-it-yourself products were screened in liquid and aerosol form for cytotoxicity using the MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay...
June 8, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593298/increased-cardiovascular-risk-associated-with-e-cigarette-use
#17
Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Giuseppe Lippi, Carme Perez-Quilis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593271/increased-cardiovascular-risk-associated-with-e-cigarette-use-reply
#18
Holly R Middlekauff, Jesus A Araujo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592404/alcohol-flavoured-tobacco-products
#19
Robert K Jackler, Callie K VanWinkle, Isabela M Bumanlag, Divya Ramamurthi
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned characterising flavours in cigarettes (except for menthol) due to their appeal to teen starter smokers. In August 2016, the agency deemed all tobacco products to be under its authority and a more comprehensive flavour ban is under consideration. OBJECTIVES: To determine the scope and scale of alcohol-flavoured tobacco products among cigars & cigarillos, hookahs and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes)...
June 7, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589268/e-cigarette-users-attitudes-on-the-banning-of-sales-of-nicotine-e-liquid-its-implication-on-e-cigarette-use-behaviours-and-alternative-sources-of-nicotine-e-liquid
#20
Li Ping Wong, Haridah Alias, Nasrin Agha Mohammadi, Azadeh Ghadimi, Victor Chee Wai Hoe
The banning of sales of nicotine e-liquid in e-cigarette shops has been implemented in several states in Malaysia. The distribution of nicotine e-liquid can only be allowed by licensed pharmacies or registered medical practitioners. This study aimed to evaluate e-cigarette users' responses to the control policy in a cross-sectional survey of 851 e-cigarette users by utilizing a self-report questionnaire that assessed (1) attitudes on regulation policy of e-cigarette banning; (2) e-cigarette use behaviors; and (3) sources of e-liquid after the regulation policy has been implemented...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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