Read by QxMD icon Read


Mallaiah Devanabanda, Shaik Abdul Latheef, Ramanadham Madduri
Understanding the effects of nanoparticles (NP) on immune cell functions is essential in designing safe and effective NP-based in vivo drug delivery systems. The immunomodulatory potential of gold nanoparticles (GNP) and silver nanoparticles (SNP) was investigated in vitro using murine splenic and human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) in terms of effects on viability and mitogen-induced proliferation. Hydrodynamic size and number of NP were characterized using NP tracking analysis (NTA); modal diameters of GNP and SNP were 28 (±1...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Immunotoxicology
Maddison Turner, Larissa Reid, Mercedes Munkonda, Dylan Burger
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes and hypertension are cognate diseases that often coexist, potentiating one's risk for cardiovascular complications. Both diseases are typified by the development of endothelial dysfunction and are accompanied by increased circulating endothelial microparticles (eMPs). Microparticles are small membrane-derived vesicles that are secreted ubiquitously following cell stress. We have previously shown that eMPs are sensitive markers of vascular injury in hypertension and identified eMP-mediated signaling pathways that lead to endothelial injury...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Christopher J Benjamin, Kyle J Wright, Scott C Bolton, Seok-Hee Hyun, Kyle Krynski, Mahima Grover, Guimei Yu, Fei Guo, Tamara L Kinzer-Ursem, Wen Jiang, David H Thompson
We report the fabrication of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) grids bearing graphene oxide (GO) sheets that have been modified with N(α), N(α)-dicarboxymethyllysine (NTA) and deactivating agents to block non-selective binding between GO-NTA sheets and non-target proteins. The resulting GO-NTA-coated grids with these improved antifouling properties were then used to isolate His6-T7 bacteriophage and His6-GroEL directly from cell lysates. To demonstrate the utility and simplified workflow enabled by these grids, we performed cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) of His6-GroEL obtained from clarified E...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
Masashi Kaneko, Masayuki Watanabe, Tatsuro Matsumura
Relativistic density functional calculations were applied to study the separation behaviors of the Am(iii) ion from the Eu(iii) ion by diglycolamide (DGA) and nitrilotriacetamide (NTA) ligands in order to understand the difference in the separation mechanism of their reagents. The complexation reaction was modeled on the basis of previous experimental studies. The calculated energies based on stabilization by complex formation at the ZORA-B2PLYP/SARC level predicted that the DGA reagent preferably coordinated to the Eu(iii) ion when compared with the Am(iii) ion...
October 17, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Michelle Y Chan, Quinton M Dowling, Sandra J Sivananthan, Ryan M Kramer
Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA) are two orthogonal and complementary methods of measuring size of particles in a sample. These technologies use the theory of Brownian motion by analyzing the random changes of light intensity scattered by particles in solution. Both techniques can be used to characterize particle size distribution of proteins and formulations in the nanometer to low micron range.Each method has benefits over the other. DLS is a quick and simple measurement that is ideal for monodisperse particles and can also analyze a distribution of particles over a wide range of sizes...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Chadwick R Powell, Jeffrey C Foster, Benjamin Okyere, Michelle H Theus, John B Matson
Carbonyl sulfide (COS) is a gas that may play important roles in mammalian and bacterial biology, but its study is limited by a lack of suitable donor molecules. We report here the use of N-thiocarboxyanhydrides (NTAs) as COS donors that release the gas in a sustained manner under biologically relevant conditions with innocuous peptide byproducts. Carbonic anhydrase converts COS into H2S, allowing NTAs to serve as either COS or H2S donors, depending on the availability of the enzyme. Analysis of the pseudo-first-order H2S release rate under biologically relevant conditions revealed a release half-life of 75 min for the small molecule NTA under investigation...
October 7, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Su-Mi Kim, Hyun Park, Jong-Il Choi
In this study, the gene encoding an α-amylase from a psychrophilic Arthrobacter agilis PAMC 27388 strain was cloned into a pET-28a(+) vector and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The recombinant α-amylase with a molecular mass of about 80 kDa was purified by using Ni(2+)-NTA affinity chromatography. This recombinant α-amylase exhibited optimal activity at pH 3.0 and 30 °C and was highly stable at varying temperatures (30-60 °C) and within the pH range of 4.0-8.0. Furthermore, α-amylase activity was enhanced in the presence of FeCl3 (1 mM) and β-mercaptoethanol (5 mM), while CoCl2 (1 mM), ammonium persulfate (5 mM), SDS (10 %), Triton X-100 (10 %), and urea (1 %) inhibited the enzymatic activity...
October 6, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Bing Lin, Xu-Zhong Yang, Xue-Wei Cao, Tao-Zhu Zhang, Fu-Jun Wang, Jian Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anti-tumor effects of trichosanthin after fusion with a cell penetrating peptide, heparin-binding peptide (HBP), derived from human heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF). RESULTS: The fusion protein of trichosanthin-HBP was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 and purified by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography. The HBP domain had no influence on the topological inactivation activity and N-glycosidase activity of trichosanthin. Trichosanthin-HBP significantly inhibited the growth of tested cancer cells which are impervious to trichosanthin...
October 6, 2016: Biotechnology Letters
D A Robinson, J Duay, A M Kondajji, K J Stevenson
Here we investigate the mechanistic aspects of Pt nanoparticle (NP) aggregation in solutions typically used for detecting NP/electrode impacts by electrocatalytic amplification (ECA). We previously proposed a general mechanism for Pt colloid destabilization that involved the participation of both the hydrazine redox probe and the pH buffer species as coagulants. Herein the Pt NP coagulation and aggregation mechanisms were further investigated with microscopic kinetic NP concentration monitoring and zeta potential measurements using nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), as well as open circuit potential experiments with a citrate-treated polycrystalline Pt surface to assess electrical double layer potential...
September 15, 2016: Faraday Discussions
Mohsen Mohammadi, Zargham Sepehrizadeh, Azadeh Ebrahim-Habibi, Ahmad Reza Shahverdi, Mohammad Ali Faramarzi, Neda Setayesh
Lipases as significant biocatalysts had been widely employed to catalyze various chemical reactions such as ester hydrolysis, ester synthesis, and transesterification. Improving the activity and thermostability of enzymes is desirable for industrial applications. The lipase of Serratia marcescens belonging to family I.3 lipase has a very important pharmaceutical application in production of chiral precursors. In the present study, to achieve improved lipase activity and thermostability, using computational predictions of protein, four mutant lipases of SML (MutG2P, MutG59P, Mut H279K and MutL613WA614P) were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis...
November 2016: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
Kamil Mikulášek, Kamil S Jaroň, Petr Kulhánek, Miroslava Bittová, Jan Havliš
We studied sequence-dependent retention properties of synthetic 5'-terminal phosphate absent trinucleotides containing adenine, guanine and thymine through reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) and QSRR modelling. We investigated the influence of separation conditions, namely mobile phase composition (ion interaction agent content, pH and organic constituent content), on sequence-dependent separation by means of ion-interaction RPLC (II-RPLC) using two types of models: experimental design-artificial neural networks (ED-ANN), and linear regression based on molecular dynamics data...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Xiaoyuan Zhou, Xinglang Zhang, Qiuhong Jia, Yahui Han, Hongwei Gao
Objective To express the fusion protein of major antigenic epitope region of major capsid protein (MCP) of Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus) iridovirus (CGSIV) and prepare the rabbit antiserum. Methods Using the genomic DNA of CGSIV Lueyang strain (CGSIV-LY) as a template, the gene fragment of major antigenic epitope region of MCP was amplified by PCR and cloned into the prokaryotic vector pET-21a(+) to construct the prokaryotic expression recombinant plasmid pET-21a-MCP. The recombinant plasmid was transformed into Escherichia coli BL21(DE3)...
October 2016: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Marcos Vinicios Salles Dias, Vilma Regina Martins, Glaucia Noeli Maroso Hajj
This chapter is derived from our experience in the study of stress-Inducible Protein 1 (STI1) in extracellular vesicles. We used different techniques to isolate, explore, and characterize the extracellular vesicles that contained this protein. Ultracentrifugation and gel chromatography were used to isolate extracellular vesicles of different sizes, nanotracking particle analysis (NTA) determined number and size of vesicles, while flow cytometry and ELISA were used to determine the specific protein content of vesicles...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Xinsheng Tian, M Reza Nejadnik, Dorrit Baunsgaard, Anette Henriksen, Christian Rischel, Wim Jiskoot
Nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA) has attracted great interest for application in the field of submicron particle characterization for biopharmaceuticals. It has the virtue of direct sample visualization and particle-by-particle tracking, but the complexity of method development has limited its routine applicability. We systematically evaluated data collection and processing parameters as well as sample handling methods using shake-stressed protein samples. The camera shutter and gain were identified as the key factors influencing NTA results...
November 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Yuwen Zhang, Wei Zhang, Yan Liu, Jianhua Wang, Guoying Wang, Yunjun Liu
Cry1Ie is a kind of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxin protein which has a different action model than the Cry1Ab and Cry1Ac protein. The transgenic maize expressing Cry1Ie might be commercially used in the near future and it is urgent to develop a method to detect Cry1Ie protein in transgenic plants and their products. To develop an ELISA method, Cry1Ie protein was expressed in Escherichia coli strain Transetta DE3, purified with the Ni-NTA spin columns, and then validated by sequencing. Bioassay results showed that the purified Cry1Ie protein was highly toxic to the Asian corn borer...
November 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Maddison Turner, Larissa Reid, Mercedes Munkonda, Dylan Burger
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes and hypertension are cognate diseases that often coexist, potentiating one's risk for cardiovascular complications. Both diseases are typified by the development of endothelial dysfunction and are accompanied by increased circulating endothelial microparticles (eMPs). Microparticles are small membrane-derived vesicles that are secreted ubiquitously following cell stress. We have previously shown that eMPs are sensitive markers of vascular injury in hypertension and identified eMP-mediated signaling pathways that lead to endothelial injury...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Ana Gámez-Valero, Marta Monguió-Tortajada, Laura Carreras-Planella, Marcel la Franquesa, Katrin Beyer, Francesc E Borràs
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have become an attractive field among the scientific community. Yet, a major challenge is to define a consensus method for EVs isolation. Ultracentrifugation has been the most widely used methodology but rapid methods, including Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) and/or precipitating agents such as Polyethylene glycol (PEG) or PRotein Organic Solvent PRecipitation (PROSPR) have emerged. To evaluate the impact of these different methods on the resulting EV preparations, plasma EVs were isolated using SEC, PEG and PROSPR, and their total protein content, NTA and Cryo-electron microscopy profiles, and EV-markers were compared...
2016: Scientific Reports
Amita Verma, Prakash Chandra Bhatt, Gaurav Kaithwas, Nikunj Sethi, Mohd Rashid, Yashwant Singh, Mahfoozur Rahman, Fahad Al-Abbasi, Firoz Anwar, Vikas Kumar
Melastoma malabathricum Linn (MM) has high valued for its commercial significance. Indian market (northeast) has great demand for the plants, which extended, its use as a traditional home remedy due to its anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we scrutinize the therapeutic and protective effect of MM against diethylnitrosamine (DEN) and ferric nitrilotriacetate (Fe-NTA)-induced renal carcinogenesis, renal hyperproliferation, and oxidative stress in rats. Liquid chromatography mass spectroscopy (LC-MS) was used for identification of phytoconstituents...
October 2016: Inflammopharmacology
Bahador Behrouz, Nour Amirmozafari, Nima Khoramabadi, Mahboobeh Bahroudi, Parisa Legaee, Mehdi Mahdavi
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important opportunistic human pathogen that causes serious infections in immunocompromised hosts. The single polar flagellum is an important factor in both virulence and colonization. OBJECTIVES: As flagellin is the major component of the flagellar filament, the main aims of the present study are to identify, clone, express, and purify the recombinant type B flagellin (r-B-flagellin) of P. aeruginosa, as well as to evaluate the functional activity of the rabbit polyclonal antibody raised against this r-B-flagellin...
June 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Chang-Liang Hou, Jing-Bo Wang, Hua Wu, Jia-Yu Liu, Zhi-Qing Ma, Jun-Tao Feng, Xing Zhang
Cytochrome c oxidase subunit II (COX II) containing a dual core CuA active site is one of the core subunits of mitochondrial Cytochrome c oxidase (Cco), which plays a significant role in the physiological process. In this report, the full-length cDNA of COXII gene was cloned from Sitophilus zeamais, which had an open reading frame (ORF) of 684 bp encoding 227 amino acids residues. The predicted COXII protein had a molecular mass of 26.2 kDa with pI value of 6.37. multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis indicated that Sitophilus zeamais COXII had high sequence identity with the COXII of other insect species...
September 30, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"