keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chole

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444464/effectiveness-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-non-emergency-cholecystectomy-using-data-from-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Ravinder S Vohra, James Hodson, Sandro Pasquali, Ewen A Griffiths
BACKGROUND: There is a variation in the administration of antibiotics prophylaxis to reduce the perceived risk of SSI in patients undergoing non-emergency cholecystectomy. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis following non-emergency cholecystectomy to prevent 30-day superficial surgical site infections (SSIs) using non-selected, nationally collected, prospective data. METHODS: Data were extracted from the CholeS study, which examined and independently validated the outcomes on consecutive patients following non-emergency cholecystectomy across 166 hospitals in the UK and Ireland...
April 25, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378370/the-changing-face-of-petrous-apicitis-a-40-year-experience
#2
Arun K Gadre, Richard A Chole
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Petrous apicitis (PA) is a rare complication of otitis media. Gradenigo syndrome, with the classic triad of otitis, deep pain, and abducens paralysis, is rarer still. The objective of this study was to determine if clinical presentation and management has changed over time. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: Forty-four patients with PA over a 40-year period were studied. Symptoms, signs, and management outcomes were studied...
April 5, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295372/surface-charge-modification-decreases-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-adherence-in-vitro-and-bacterial-persistence-in-an-in-vivo-implant-model
#3
W Katherine Kao, Patricia M Gagnon, Joseph P Vogel, Richard A Chole
OBJECTIVE: Chronic, persistent infections complicate otologic procedures utilizing implantable devices such as cochlear implants or tympanostomy tubes. These infections are thought to be due to the establishment of microbial biofilms on implant surfaces. To address this issue, we hypothesized that surface charge modification may inhibit the formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms on implant surfaces in vitro and in vivo. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated the effect of surface charge modification on bacterial biofilm formation by assessing the effect of the surface charge on bacterial adhesion in vitro and bacterial persistence in vivo...
March 14, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286870/d-amino-acids-do-not-inhibit-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-biofilm-formation
#4
Wee Tin K Kao, Mitchell Frye, Patricia Gagnon, Joseph P Vogel, Richard Chole
OBJECTIVE: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a known biofilm-forming organism, is an opportunistic pathogen that plays an important role in chronic otitis media, tracheitis, cholesteatoma, chronic wounds, and implant infections. Eradication of biofilm infections has been a challenge because the biofilm phenotype provides bacteria with a protective environment from the immune system and antibiotics; thus, there has been great interest in adjunctive molecules that may inhibit biofilm formation or cause biofilm dispersal...
February 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994345/reduced-port-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-single-and-a-half-incision-lap-chole
#5
Sisir Kr Nath
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has almost replaced the age-old procedure of open cholecystectomy for gall stone disease. Further attempts are made to reduce the number of ports to give maximum benefits of minimally invasive surgery. The author has developed a technique where 10-mm port in supraumbilical area and 5-mm port in epigastric area are used and hence the nomenclature of single and a half incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy. It is different from two-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy where the second port is 10 mm...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889270/does-implementing-a-general-surgery-residency-program-and-resident-involvement-affect-patient-outcomes-and-increase-care-associated-charges
#6
Trevor Wexner, Armando Rosales-Velderrain, Steven D Wexner, Raul J Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Variable results regarding general surgery residency program (GSRP) impact on patient outcomes and charges are reported. The aim of this study was to determine any significant differences in patient outcomes and cost with a new GSRP. METHODS: We analyzed all laparoscopic appendectomies (lap-ap), cholecystectomies (lap-chole), and inguinal hernia repairs (IHR) performed before and after implementing a GRSP. RESULTS: Operative time significantly increased for lap-ap (p < 0...
November 14, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878589/chronological-changes-in-microbial-profiles-in-external-and-middle-ear-diseases-a-20-year-study-in-korea
#7
Hantai Kim, Oak-Sung Choo, Jeong Hun Jang, Hun Yi Park, Yun-Hoon Choung
Microbial infection is one of the most significant causes of ear diseases, but microbial profiles are very diverse according to the diseases and change over time. The purpose of the study was to clarify differences and chronological changes in causative pathogens among infectious ear diseases over the last 20 years, and to identify antibiotic resistance. In total, 1191 isolates were included from patients diagnosed with chronic otitis media without cholesteatoma (COM), cholesteatomatous otitis media (Chole), middle ear effusion (MEE), including acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion, and external otitis (EO)...
March 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762448/cost-effectiveness-of-emergency-versus-delayed-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-acute-gallbladder-pathology
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
A J Sutton, R S Vohra, M Hollyman, P J Marriott, A Buja, D Alderson, S Pasquali, E A Griffiths
BACKGROUND: The optimal timing of cholecystectomy for patients admitted with acute gallbladder pathology is unclear. Some studies have shown that emergency cholecystectomy during the index admission can reduce length of hospital stay with similar rates of conversion to open surgery, complications and mortality compared with a 'delayed' operation following discharge. Others have reported that cholecystectomy during the index acute admission results in higher morbidity, extended length of stay and increased costs...
January 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748962/population-based-cohort-study-of-variation-in-the-use-of-emergency-cholecystectomy-for-benign-gallbladder-diseases
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The aims of this prospective population-based cohort study were to identify the patient and hospital characteristics associated with emergency cholecystectomy, and the influences of these in determining variations between hospitals. METHODS: Data were collected for consecutive patients undergoing cholecystectomy in acute UK and Irish hospitals between 1 March and 1 May 2014. Potential explanatory variables influencing the performance of emergency cholecystectomy were analysed by means of multilevel, multivariable logistic regression modelling using a two-level hierarchical structure with patients (level 1) nested within hospitals (level 2)...
November 2016: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726156/otoconia-and-otolithic-membrane-fragments-within-the-posterior-semicircular-canal-in-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#10
Wee Tin K Kao, Lorne S Parnes, Richard A Chole
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common vestibular disorder with an incidence between 10.7 and 17.3 per 100,000 persons per year. The mechanism for BPPV has been postulated to involve displaced otoconia resulting in canalithiasis. Although particulate matter has been observed in the endolymph of affected patients undergoing posterior canal occlusion surgery, an otoconial origin for the disease is still questioned. STUDY DESIGN: In this study, particulate matter was extracted from the posterior semicircular canal of two patients and examined with scanning electron microscopy...
March 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591176/preoperative-risk-factors-for-conversion-from-laparoscopic-to-open-cholecystectomy-a-validated-risk-score-derived-from-a-prospective-u-k-database-of-8820-patients
#11
Robert P Sutcliffe, Marianne Hollyman, James Hodson, Glenn Bonney, Ravi S Vohra, Ewen A Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is commonly performed, and several factors increase the risk of open conversion, prolonging operating time and hospital stay. Preoperative stratification would improve consent, scheduling and identify appropriate training cases. The aim of this study was to develop a validated risk score for conversion for use in clinical practice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Preoperative patient and disease-related variables were identified from a prospective cholecystectomy database (CholeS) of 8820 patients, divided into main and validation sets...
November 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561954/population-based-cohort-study-of-outcomes-following-cholecystectomy-for-benign-gallbladder-diseases
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The aim was to describe the management of benign gallbladder disease and identify characteristics associated with all-cause 30-day readmissions and complications in a prospective population-based cohort. METHODS: Data were collected on consecutive patients undergoing cholecystectomy in acute UK and Irish hospitals between 1 March and 1 May 2014. Potential explanatory variables influencing all-cause 30-day readmissions and complications were analysed by means of multilevel, multivariable logistic regression modelling using a two-level hierarchical structure with patients (level 1) nested within hospitals (level 2)...
November 2016: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27253076/fleq-a-transcriptional-activator-is-required-for-biofilm-formation-in-vitro-but-does-not-alter-virulence-in-a-cholesteatomas-model
#13
Wee Tin K Kao, Patricia M Gagnon, Joseph P Vogel, Richard A Chole
HYPOTHESIS: Bacterial biofilm formation within cholesteatomas is responsible for increased persistence and tissue destruction and Pseudomonas aeruginosa deficient in biofilm formation (PAO1 ΔfleQ) are less virulent than the parent bacteria. BACKGROUND: Infected aural cholesteatomas have been demonstrated to be more destructive than uninfected cholesteatomas and infections are more persistent. The chronicity and persistence of infections within cholesteatomas may be because of the presence of biofilm formation...
August 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26939241/dicrocoelium-dendriticum-infection-in-a-patient-with-chronic-schistosomiasis-haematobium
#14
Osama H Abd Ella, Abdallah E Mohammad
Infection with Dicrocoelium dendriticum in humans is seldom to be reported in Egypt. This liver fluke, which commonly infects ruminants, has a complex life cycle with two intermediate hosts; the land snail and the ant. Human infection occurs by accidental ingestion of the second intermediate host. The present reported a patient suffered from recurrent acute chole-cystitis with chronic urinary schistosomiasis whose Kato stool examination showed Dicroceolium dendriticum eggs. He was successfully treated with Mirazid...
December 2015: Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26880405/potential-intake-of-vitamins-a-and-d-through-branded-intravenous-lipid-emulsions-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-analysis
#15
Maria Luisa Forchielli, Matteo Conti, Daniela Patrono, Rita Mancini, Andrea Pession, Cristina Puggioli, Germana Bersani
No data exist for vitamin A group and vitamin D2/D3 content in branded intravenous lipid emulsions (ILEs). Our goal is to evaluate and quantify their concentrations in different ILEs to assess whether they are clinically relevant. Analyses were carried out in triplicates on six ILEs: 1) 30% soybean oil-based, 2) 20% olive-soybean oil based, 3) 10 + 10% soybean - MCT coconut oil based, 4) 20% soybean-olive-MCT-fish oil based, 5) 20% soybean-MCT-fish oil based and 6) 10% pure fish oil based, respectively. Retinol group (vitamin A) and ergo-chole-calciferol (vitamin D2/D3) were analyzed and quantified by a quali-quantitative Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method after potassium hydroxide alkaline hydrolysis, hexane extraction, reverse phase-liquid chromatography and specific multiple-reaction-monitoring (MRM) detection...
January 29, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26683206/the-antioxidative-effects-of-acidic-alkalic-and-enzymatic-extractable-mycelium-zinc-polysaccharides-by-pleurotus-djamor-on-liver-and-kidney-of-streptozocin-induced-diabetic-mice
#16
Jianjun Zhang, Guangyuan Meng, Chen Zhang, Lin Lin, Nuo Xu, Min Liu, Fangyuan Cui, Le Jia
BACKGROUND: Edible mushrooms, especially the genus of Pleurotus, have been well studied for their nutrition as well as non-toxic medicinal properties. Recently, much attention has been paid to the therapeutic values of mushrooms in genus of Pleurotus with diabetes mellitus (DM), which was a complex metabolic disorder that induced by increased oxidative stress and characterized by hyperglycemia. However, scare attention has been paid to polysaccharides from P. djamor. Meanwhile, zinc is an essential trace element in the human body and it participates in various pathways of metabolism...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26572651/appetitive-but-not-aversive-olfactory-conditioning-modifies-antennal-movements-in-honeybees
#17
Hanna Cholé, Pierre Junca, Jean-Christophe Sandoz
In honeybees, two olfactory conditioning protocols allow the study of appetitive and aversive Pavlovian associations. Appetitive conditioning of the proboscis extension response (PER) involves associating an odor, the conditioned stimulus (CS) with a sucrose solution, the unconditioned stimulus (US). Conversely, aversive conditioning of the sting extension response (SER) involves associating the odor CS with an electric or thermal shock US. Each protocol is based on the measure of a different behavioral response (proboscis versus sting) and both only provide binary responses (extension or not of the proboscis or sting)...
December 2015: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26478567/in-reference-to-a-new-theory-on-the-pathogenesis-of-acquired-cholesteatoma-mucosal-traction
#18
LETTER
Richard A Chole, David J Lim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26371389/clarification-of-the-definition-of-a-biofilm
#19
LETTER
Terence M Myckatyn, Justin Cohen, Richard A Chole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26331356/meta-analysis-of-perioperative-antibiotics-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#20
REVIEW
S Pasquali, M Boal, E A Griffiths, D Alderson, R S Vohra
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of perioperative antibiotics in reducing surgical-site infection (SSI) and overall nosocomial infections in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for biliary colic and low- and moderate-risk cholecystitis (Tokyo classification) is unclear. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to assess this. METHODS: Searches were conducted of the MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane databases. Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were included...
January 2016: British Journal of Surgery
keyword
keyword
46074
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"