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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785159/assessment-of-the-quality-of-life-and-performance-status-in-patients-with-oral-submucous-fibrosis-in-central-india
#1
Revant H Chole, Ranjitkumar Patil
Background and aims: Measuring quality of life in patients with oral submucous fibrosis is of utmost importance in assessing treatment outcomes. This study examined the impact of oral submucous fibrosis and its treatment on the quality of life and performance status of persons with oral submucous fibrosis. Methods: Quality of life was measured in patients with oral submucous fibrosis using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life head and neck 35 Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C35); performance status was measured by Performance Status Scale for Head and Neck Cancer Patients (PSS-HN), at four points in time: baseline, one month, two months and three months after start of treatment...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607712/expression-of-aquaporins-mrnas-in-patients-with-otitis-media
#2
Su Young Jung, Sung Su Kim, Young Il Kim, Hyung-Sik Kim, Sang Hoon Kim, Seung Geun Yeo
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed the associations between measured levels of aquaporin (AQP) mRNAs and clinical manifestations in patients with various types of otitis media (OM). METHODS: AQP1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, and 10 mRNA levels were assayed by real-time PCR from 57 patients with chronic otitis media (COM), 24 patients with cholesteatomatous otitis media (choleOM), and 82 patients with otitis media with effusion (OME). The relationships of these mRNA levels with the presence of bacteria, the type of hearing loss, and clinical manifestations of OM types were evaluated...
April 1, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373326/results-in-adult-cochlear-implant-recipients-with-varied-asymmetric-hearing-a-prospective-longitudinal-study-of-speech-recognition-localization-and-participant-report
#3
Jill B Firszt, Ruth M Reeder, Laura K Holden, Noël Y Dwyer
OBJECTIVES: Asymmetric hearing with severe to profound hearing loss (SPHL) in one ear and better hearing in the other requires increased listening effort and is detrimental for understanding speech in noise and sound localization. Although a cochlear implant (CI) is the only treatment that can restore hearing to an ear with SPHL, current candidacy criteria often disallows this option for patients with asymmetric hearing. The present study aimed to evaluate longitudinal performance outcomes in a relatively large group of adults with asymmetric hearing who received a CI in the poor ear...
February 21, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342041/history-of-the-research-fund-of-the-american-otological-society
#4
Richard A Chole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340820/the-development-and-validation-of-a-scoring-tool-to-predict-the-operative-duration-of-elective-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#5
Reshma Bharamgoudar, Aniket Sonsale, James Hodson, Ewen Griffiths
BACKGROUND: The ability to accurately predict operative duration has the potential to optimise theatre efficiency and utilisation, thus reducing costs and increasing staff and patient satisfaction. With laparoscopic cholecystectomy being one of the most commonly performed procedures worldwide, a tool to predict operative duration could be extremely beneficial to healthcare organisations. METHODS: Data collected from the CholeS study on patients undergoing cholecystectomy in UK and Irish hospitals between 04/2014 and 05/2014 were used to study operative duration...
January 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241960/trends-in-common-surgical-procedures-at-children-s-and-nonchildren-s-hospitals-between-2000-and-2009
#6
Heather L Short, Samir Sarda, Curtis Travers, Jason M Hockenberry, Ian McCarthy, Mehul V Raval
PURPOSE: Though growth in children's surgical expenditures has been documented, procedure-specific differences in volume and costs at children's hospitals (CH) and non-hildren's hospitals (NCH) have not been explored. Our purpose was to compare trends in volume and costs of common pediatric surgical procedures between CH and NCH. METHODS: We performed a review of the 2000-2009 Kids' Inpatient Database identifying all cases of appendectomy for uncomplicated appendicitis (AP), tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (TA), fundoplication (FP), humeral fracture repair (HFR), pyloromyotomy (PYL), and cholecystectomy (CHOLE)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217305/longitudinal-weight-change-during-ckd-progression-and-its-association-with-subsequent-mortality
#7
Elaine Ku, Joel D Kopple, Kirsten L Johansen, Charles E McCulloch, Alan S Go, Dawei Xie, Feng Lin, L Lee Hamm, Jiang He, John W Kusek, Sankar D Navaneethan, Ana C Ricardo, Hernan Rincon-Choles, Miroslaw Smogorzewski, Chi-Yuan Hsu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the changes in weight that may occur over time among adults with the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Whether such weight changes are independently associated with death after the onset of end-stage renal disease has also not been rigorously examined. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: We studied 3,933 participants of the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study, a longitudinal cohort of patients with CKD...
December 4, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032376/impact-of-uric-acid-levels-on-kidney-disease-progression
#8
Hernan Rincon-Choles, Stacey E Jolly, Susana Arrigain, Victoria Konig, Jesse D Schold, Georges Nakhoul, Sankar D Navaneethan, Joseph V Nally, Michael B Rothberg
BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is associated with the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), but it is not known whether the relationship is causal. We examined the association of hyperuricemia and uric acid lowering therapy (UALT) with progression of CKD in patients with CKD 3 and 4 in the Cleveland Clinic CKD registry. METHODS: We included 1,676 patients with CKD stages 3 and 4 from Ohio, who had measured their uric acid (UA) levels a year prior to the recording of the second eGFR <60 mL/min/1...
2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988463/evidence-against-the-mucosal-traction-theory-in-cholesteatoma
#9
Henrique F Pauna, Rafael C Monsanto, Patricia Schachern, Michael M Paparella, Richard A Chole, Sebahattin Cureoglu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the distribution of ciliated epithelium in the human middle ear and its potential role in the formation of cholesteatoma. STUDY DESIGN: Comparative human temporal bone study. METHODS: We selected temporal bones from 14 donors with a diagnosis of cholesteatoma, 15 with chronic otitis media without retraction pockets, 14 with chronic otitis media with retraction pockets, 14 with cystic fibrosis (CF), and 16 controls...
October 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853302/novel-approach-of-laparoscopic-and-endoscopic-cooperative-surgery-lecs-for-cholecystectomy
#10
Nobuya Kobayashi, Hirohito Mori, Hideki Kobara, Noriko Nishiyama, Masao Fujiwara, Keiichi Okano, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Tsutomu Masaki
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) techniques, such as generating an artificial space between digestive tract layers for safer dissection, were thought to be safer for the resection of organs in cholecystectomy. We investigated whether combinations of endoscopic techniques and laparoscopic techniques could be performed more safely and rapidly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative-cholecystectomy (LEC-chole) and conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (Lapa-chole) were performed in six dogs...
August 30, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740234/virgin-queen-attraction-toward-males-in-honey-bees
#11
Florian Bastin, Hanna Cholé, Grégory Lafon, Jean-Christophe Sandoz
Although the honeybee is a crucial agricultural agent and a prominent scientific model organism, crucial aspects of its reproductive behaviour are still unknown. During the mating season, honeybee males, the drones, gather in congregations 10-40 m above ground. Converging evidence suggests that drones emit a pheromone that can attract other drones, thereby increasing the size of the congregation. Virgin queens join the vicinity of the congregation after it has formed, and mate with as many as 20 males in mid-air...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444464/effectiveness-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-non-emergency-cholecystectomy-using-data-from-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Ravinder S Vohra, James Hodson, Sandro Pasquali, Ewen A Griffiths
BACKGROUND: There is a variation in the administration of antibiotics prophylaxis to reduce the perceived risk of SSI in patients undergoing non-emergency cholecystectomy. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis following non-emergency cholecystectomy to prevent 30-day superficial surgical site infections (SSIs) using non-selected, nationally collected, prospective data. METHODS: Data were extracted from the CholeS study, which examined and independently validated the outcomes on consecutive patients following non-emergency cholecystectomy across 166 hospitals in the UK and Ireland...
September 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378370/the-changing-face-of-petrous-apicitis-a-40-year-experience
#13
Arun K Gadre, Richard A Chole
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Petrous apicitis (PA) is a rare complication of otitis media. Gradenigo syndrome, with the classic triad of otitis, deep pain, and abducens paralysis, is rarer still. The objective of this study was to determine if clinical presentation and management has changed over time. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: Forty-four patients with PA over a 40-year period were studied. Symptoms, signs, and management outcomes were studied...
January 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295372/surface-charge-modification-decreases-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-adherence-in-vitro-and-bacterial-persistence-in-an-in-vivo-implant-model
#14
W Katherine Kao, Patricia M Gagnon, Joseph P Vogel, Richard A Chole
OBJECTIVE: Chronic, persistent infections complicate otologic procedures utilizing implantable devices such as cochlear implants or tympanostomy tubes. These infections are thought to be due to the establishment of microbial biofilms on implant surfaces. To address this issue, we hypothesized that surface charge modification may inhibit the formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms on implant surfaces in vitro and in vivo. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated the effect of surface charge modification on bacterial biofilm formation by assessing the effect of the surface charge on bacterial adhesion in vitro and bacterial persistence in vivo...
July 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286870/d-amino-acids-do-not-inhibit-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-biofilm-formation
#15
Wee Tin K Kao, Mitchell Frye, Patricia Gagnon, Joseph P Vogel, Richard Chole
OBJECTIVE: Pseudomonas aeruginosa , a known biofilm-forming organism, is an opportunistic pathogen that plays an important role in chronic otitis media, tracheitis, cholesteatoma, chronic wounds, and implant infections. Eradication of biofilm infections has been a challenge because the biofilm phenotype provides bacteria with a protective environment from the immune system and antibiotics; thus, there has been great interest in adjunctive molecules that may inhibit biofilm formation or cause biofilm dispersal...
February 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994345/reduced-port-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-single-and-a-half-incision-lap-chole
#16
Sisir Kr Nath
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has almost replaced the age-old procedure of open cholecystectomy for gall stone disease. Further attempts are made to reduce the number of ports to give maximum benefits of minimally invasive surgery. The author has developed a technique where 10-mm port in supraumbilical area and 5-mm port in epigastric area are used and hence the nomenclature of single and a half incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy. It is different from two-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy where the second port is 10 mm...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889270/does-implementing-a-general-surgery-residency-program-and-resident-involvement-affect-patient-outcomes-and-increase-care-associated-charges
#17
Trevor Wexner, Armando Rosales-Velderrain, Steven D Wexner, Raul J Rosenthal
BACKGROUND: Variable results regarding general surgery residency program (GSRP) impact on patient outcomes and charges are reported. The aim of this study was to determine any significant differences in patient outcomes and cost with a new GSRP. METHODS: We analyzed all laparoscopic appendectomies (lap-ap), cholecystectomies (lap-chole), and inguinal hernia repairs (IHR) performed before and after implementing a GRSP. RESULTS: Operative time significantly increased for lap-ap (p < 0...
July 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878589/chronological-changes-in-microbial-profiles-in-external-and-middle-ear-diseases-a-20-year-study-in-korea
#18
Hantai Kim, Oak-Sung Choo, Jeong Hun Jang, Hun Yi Park, Yun-Hoon Choung
Microbial infection is one of the most significant causes of ear diseases, but microbial profiles are very diverse according to the diseases and change over time. The purpose of the study was to clarify differences and chronological changes in causative pathogens among infectious ear diseases over the last 20 years, and to identify antibiotic resistance. In total, 1191 isolates were included from patients diagnosed with chronic otitis media without cholesteatoma (COM), cholesteatomatous otitis media (Chole), middle ear effusion (MEE), including acute otitis media and otitis media with effusion, and external otitis (EO)...
March 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762448/cost-effectiveness-of-emergency-versus-delayed-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-acute-gallbladder-pathology
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
A J Sutton, R S Vohra, M Hollyman, P J Marriott, A Buja, D Alderson, S Pasquali, E A Griffiths
BACKGROUND: The optimal timing of cholecystectomy for patients admitted with acute gallbladder pathology is unclear. Some studies have shown that emergency cholecystectomy during the index admission can reduce length of hospital stay with similar rates of conversion to open surgery, complications and mortality compared with a 'delayed' operation following discharge. Others have reported that cholecystectomy during the index acute admission results in higher morbidity, extended length of stay and increased costs...
January 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748962/population-based-cohort-study-of-variation-in-the-use-of-emergency-cholecystectomy-for-benign-gallbladder-diseases
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The aims of this prospective population-based cohort study were to identify the patient and hospital characteristics associated with emergency cholecystectomy, and the influences of these in determining variations between hospitals. METHODS: Data were collected for consecutive patients undergoing cholecystectomy in acute UK and Irish hospitals between 1 March and 1 May 2014. Potential explanatory variables influencing the performance of emergency cholecystectomy were analysed by means of multilevel, multivariable logistic regression modelling using a two-level hierarchical structure with patients (level 1) nested within hospitals (level 2)...
November 2016: British Journal of Surgery
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