keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Malignancy Surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350971/early-discharge-after-total-thyroidectomy-a-retrospective-feasibility-study
#1
F Tartaglia, A Giuliani, S Sorrenti, L Tromba, S Carbotta, A Maturo, G Carbotta, L De Anna, R Merola, G Livadoti, F Pelle, S Ulisse
AIM: The continued hospitalization after total thyroidectomy is often due to the onset of hypocalcemic complications more than 24 hours after surgery. So it would be important to predict which patients will not develop the hypocalcemic complication to discharge them early. This was the aim of our study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our retrospective study was conducted on 327 consecutive thyroidectomized patients, operated on for benign and malignant diseases. We evaluated the values of preoperative serum calcium levels (Cal0) and of the first postoperative day (Cal1) and two new variables were calculated (dCal and dCaln)...
November 2016: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346956/early-nephrectomy-in-unilateral-multicystic-dysplastic-kidney-in-children-cures-hypertension-early-an-observation
#2
Basant Kumar, Vijai Datta Upadhyaya, Manish Kumar Gupta, Laxmi Kant Bharti, Ram Nawal Rao, Sheo Kumar
Objective Surgery is still indicated as the treatment of choice in subset of patients with unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney (UMCDK) because of its potential complications and malignant change. The purpose of this study is to present our observation that early nephrectomy may cure hypertension early in children with UMCDK and review the literature. Materials and Methods We report here four children (two males and two females) with antenatally diagnosed UMCDK with hypertension, treated in the past 4 years...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345843/diagnostic-value-of-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsies-and-pathologic-methods-for-benign-and-malignant-breast-masses-and-axillary-node-assessment
#3
Mojtaba Ahmadinejad, Leila Hajimaghsoudi, Seyyed Mohsen Pouryaghobi, Izadmehr Ahmadinejad, Koorosh Ahmadi
Bacground: The goal of this study was to evaluate the fine needle aspiration (FNA) preoperatively together with Touch Print, Crush Print, frozen section and pathologic methods to reach a diagnosis for patients with breast and axillary masses. Methods: This study was conducted on 107 patients, and included 111 samples of breast and 43 of axillary masses taken at surgery. Data on epidemiological and clinical features of the patients were collected using a questionnaire. The results of the methods of FNA, Touch Print, and Crush Print were compared with the results of pathology after operations...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345125/new-clues-in-the-malignant-progression-of-glioblastoma-can-the-thioredoxin-system-play-a-role
#4
Fatih Erdi, Bulent Kaya, Hasan Esen, Yasar Karatas, Sıddıka Findik, Fatih Keskin, Bahadır Feyzioglu, Erdal Kalkan
AIM: The main aim of this study is to evaluate and compare the expression of thioredoxin reductase 1 (TrxR1) in primary and secondary glioblastoma samples. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Surgically resected human glioblastoma samples from 40 patients who underwent surgery at our institute were extracted from their histopathological specimens and divided into three groups. Ten histopathologically regular cerebral tissue, which acquired from the non-neoplastic portion of the specimens were assigned as the control group...
February 21, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342837/-malignant-cutaneous-adnexal-neoplasms-of-the-face-and-scalp-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-update
#5
M Romeu, J M Foletti, C Chossegros, J P Dales, P Berbis, B Cribier, L Guyot
INTRODUCTION: Malignant cutaneous adnexal neoplasms are rare and have been characterized only recently. They can occur at any age but preferentially in elderly. There are 3 of them: trichoblastic carcinoma, trichilemmal carcinoma and malignant pilomatricoma. The aim of our study was to make a diagnostic and therapeutic update about these tumors when located at the face or at the scalp. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A bibliographic research was made on PubMed using following keywords: appendage skin carcinoma AND pathology AND/OR therapeutic...
March 22, 2017: J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342776/effect-of-needle-size-in-ultrasound-guided-core-needle-breast-biopsy-comparison-of-14-16-and-18-gauge-needles
#6
Michela Giuliani, Pierluigi Rinaldi, Rossella Rella, Gina Fabrizi, Federica Petta, Giorgio Carlino, Alba Di Leone, Antonino Mulè, Enida Bufi, Maurizio Romani, Paolo Belli, Lorenzo Bonomo
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (US-CNB) of breast lesions, comparing smaller needles (16- and 18-gauge) with the 14-gauge needle, and to analyze the lesion characteristics influencing US-CNB diagnostic performance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All the patients provided informed consent before the biopsy procedure. The data from breast lesions that had undergone US-CNB in our institution from January 2011 to January 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342558/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-as-first-line-treatment-in-patients-with-chronic-angle-closure-glaucoma-at-risk-for-malignant-glaucoma
#7
M Graber, Z Khoueir, A Beauchet, N Benhatchi, S Hammoud, Y Lachkar
PURPOSE: Evaluation of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) transscleral cyclocoagulation as an alternative to trabeculectomy in the treatment of refractory chronic angle closure glaucoma (CACG). METHODS: This prospective one armed single center pilot study was conducted on patients with medically uncontrolled CACG who underwent high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) cyclocoagulation as first line surgical treatment, using the Eye-OP1 HIFU device (Eyetechcare-Rillieux-la-Pape, France) driven by ultrasound biomicroscopic (UBM) ciliary body localization...
March 22, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342361/giant-leiomyosarcoma-of-the-rectum-with-lymph-node-metastasis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Hiroyuki Anzai, Hiroaki Nozawa, Junichiro Tanaka, Koji Yasuda, Kensuke Otani, Takeshi Nishikawa, Toshiaki Tanaka, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Keisuke Hata, Kazushige Kawai, Tetsuo Ushiku, Soichiro Ishihara, Toshimi Takano, Masashi Fukayama, Toshiaki Watanabe
INTRODUCTION: Leiomyosarcoma of the gastrointestinal tract is very rare, with a reported frequency of less than 0.1% of all malignancies of the colorectum. It is important to diagnose leiomyosarcoma definitively by immunohistochemical profiling of smooth muscle actin, desmin, and CD34. True leiomyosarcoma of the colorectum diagnosed by immunnohistochemical profiling is extremely rare that only 13 reports have been published in reviews of resected gastrointestinal mesenchymal tumors after 1998...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342127/robotic-single-site-plus-one-port-distal-pancreatectomy
#9
Sung Hyun Kim, Chang Moo Kang, Woo Jung Lee
Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy is regarded as safe and effective surgical approach in benign and low-grade malignant tumor of the pancreas. With the advances of laparoscopic techniques and instruments, many efforts to reduce the number of the trocar site has been made. There are a few available surgical techniques of laparoscopic single-site (single port or reduced port) distal pancreatectomy, suggesting its safety and feasibility. However, it is true that laparoscopic single-site distal pancreatectomy is difficult and technically quite demanding...
March 24, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342106/extraction-of-skin-lesions-from-non-dermoscopic-images-for-surgical-excision-of-melanoma
#10
M Hossein Jafari, Ebrahim Nasr-Esfahani, Nader Karimi, S M Reza Soroushmehr, Shadrokh Samavi, Kayvan Najarian
PURPOSE: Computerized prescreening of suspicious moles and lesions for malignancy is of great importance for assessing the need and the priority of the removal surgery. Detection can be done by images captured by standard cameras, which are more preferable due to low cost and availability. One important step in computerized evaluation is accurate detection of lesion's region, i.e., segmentation of an image into two regions as lesion and normal skin. METHODS: In this paper, a new method based on deep neural networks is proposed for accurate extraction of a lesion region...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342015/a-prognostic-model-for-predicting-overall-survival-in-patients-with-peritoneal-surface-malignancy-of-an-appendiceal-origin-treated-with-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy
#11
Chukwuemeka Ihemelandu, Stephen Fernandez, Paul H Sugarbaker
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to develop a prognostic model for predicting overall survival following cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) in patients with appendiceal adenocarcinoma and peritoneal metastasis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database for all patients treated for appendiceal adenocarcinoma with peritoneal metastasis from 1989 to 2012 was conducted. RESULTS: Overall, 734 (50...
March 24, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339064/extracellular-matrix-metabolism-disorder-induced-by-mechanical-strain-on-human-parametrial-ligament-fibroblasts
#12
Jie Min, Bingshu Li, Cheng Liu, Wenjun Guo, Shasha Hong, Jianming Tang, Li Hong
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a global health problem that may seriously impact the quality of life of the sufferer. The present study aimed to investigate the potential mechanisms underlying alterations in extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism in the pathogenesis of POP, by investigating the expression of ECM components in human parametrial ligament fibroblasts (hPLFs) subject to various mechanical strain loads. Fibroblasts derived from parametrial ligaments were cultured from patients with POP and without malignant tumors, who underwent vaginal hysterectomy surgery...
March 24, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339053/mir-486-suppresses-the-development-of-osteosarcoma-by-regulating-pkc-%C3%AE-pathway
#13
Ming He, Guangbin Wang, Linlin Jiang, Chuang Qiu, Bin Li, Jiashi Wang, Yonghui Fu
Osteosarcoma is one of the most highly malignant types of cancer in adolescents and young adults with a high mortality rate. Despite advances in surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy, the prognosis for patients with osteosarcoma has not significantly improved over the past several decades. It is necessary to find new indicators of prognosis and therapeutic targets of osteosarcoma. Through the analysis of 40 osteosarcoma tissues, we found that the expression of miR‑486 was low and the expression of PKC‑δ was high in osteosarcoma...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339045/identification-of-circulating-long-non-coding-rna%C3%A2-gas5-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-diagnosisnon-small-cell-lung-cancer-long-non-coding-rna-plasma-gas5-biomarker
#14
Qian Tan, Jiangcheng Zuo, Shili Qiu, Yalan Yu, Hu Zhou, Nandi Li, Hui Wang, Chunzi Liang, Mingxia Yu, Jiancheng Tu
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most malignant cancers in the world. Early diagnosis of NSCLC has become especially important for patient treatment and prognosis. Increasing evidence suggest that long non-coding RNA GAS5 plays vital roles in cancer proliferation and differentiation in NSCLC. However, its clinical value in the diagnosis of NSCLC is unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the importance of circulating GAS5 as a biomarker for NSCLC diagnosis. In our study, quantitative real-time PCR (QRT-PCR) was applied to detect the GAS5 expression level in 80 pairs of cancer tissues and 57 pairs of plasma samples of NSCLC patients...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338481/clinical-use-and-optimal-cutoff-value-of-ca15-3-in-evaluation-of-adnexal-mass-retrospective-cohort-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Lena Sagi-Dain, Ofer Lavie, Ron Auslander, Shlomi Sagi
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the diagnostic performance and reference values of serum cancer antigen (Ca)15-3 levels in the triage of adnexal masses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was carried out in 481 patients referred to the Gynecology Department at Carmel Medical Center due to adnexal mass between years 2005 and 2012. All patients underwent surgery with histopathologically confirmed diagnosis and routine preoperative measurements of serum Ca125 and Ca15-3...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338469/the-utility-of-thyroid-ultrasonography-in-the-management-of-thyroid-nodules
#16
Gary Gamme, Tyler Parrington, Edward Wiebe, Sunita Ghosh, Brendan Litt, David C Williams, Todd P W McMullen
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography for thyroid nodules is one of the most common imaging tests performed in the general population. Details from ultrasound reports guide biopsies and surgery. This study quantifies the completeness of these reports based on Thyroid Imaging and Reporting System (TI-RADS) criteria and considers their utility in predicting malignant disease. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed ultrasound reports for 329 thyroidectomy patients and extracted data elements using the TI-RADS criteria: nodule size, echogenicity, margins, vascularity, solid/cystic composition and the presence or absence of microcalcifications and the halo sign...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338373/risk-of-major-cardiac-events-following-adjuvant-proton-versus-photon-radiation-therapy-for-patients-with-thymic-malignancies
#17
Jennifer Vogel, Liyong Lin, Charles B Simone, Abigail T Berman
BACKGROUND: While often managed with surgery alone, patients with thymic malignancies with high-risk features may benefit from adjuvant radiation therapy but are at risk for late toxicities. Previously, the risk of major cardiac events (MCEs) was reported to increase by 7% per one Gray (Gy) to the heart. In this study, we compare dose to organs at risk (OARs) with intensity-modulated (IMRT) versus proton beam therapy (PBT). We hypothesize a decrease risk of predicted MCEs with PBT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients requiring adjuvant therapy for thymic malignancies were treated with double scattered proton beam therapy (DS-PBT)...
March 24, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337371/combinational-therapy-of-crizotinib-and-afatinib-for-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma
#18
Liyan Huang, Muyan Cai, Xu Zhang, Fang Wang, Likun Chen, Meng Xu, Ke Yang, Zhen Chen, Xiaokun Wang, Liwu Fu
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a relative rare but highly aggressive neoplasm which is associated with asbestos exposure in most patients. The majority of patients are diagnosed in advanced stages so patients neither benefit from chemotherapy (e.g. pemetrexed-platinum combination) nor from surgery. It has been reported that cellular-mesenchymal to epithelial transition factor (MET) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) were critical for MPM cell proliferation. Moreover, targeting MET and EGFR drugs have gained promising results on anti-tumor therapy...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336185/self-expanding-metallic-stent-as-a-bridge-to-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-left-colon-cancer-obstruction-cost-benefit-analysis-and-oncologic-results
#19
Blas Flor-Lorente, Gloria Báguena, Matteo Frasson, Alvaro García-Granero, Andrés Cervantes, Vicente Sanchiz, Andres Peña, Alejandro Espí, Pedro Esclapez, Eduardo García-Granero
INTRODUCTION: The use of a self-expanding metallic stent as a bridge to surgery in acute malignant left colonic obstruction has been suggested as an alternative treatment to emergency surgery. The aim of the present study was to compare the morbi-mortality, cost-benefit and long-term oncological outcomes of both therapeutic options. METHODS: This is a prospective, comparative, controlled, non-randomized study (2005-2010) performed in a specialized unit. The study included 82 patients with left colon cancer obstruction treated by stent as a bridge to surgery (n=27) or emergency surgery (n=55) operated with local curative intention...
March 20, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335699/approaches-to-paraspinal-tumours-a-technical-note
#20
Arjun Dhar, Sumeet Pawar, Apurva Prasad, P S Ramani
Neurogenic tumours of the paraspinal space can occur in all age groups. It is common in adult population and relatively rare in elderly group. Usually they are benign, but in children, arising from the autonomic system, tends to be malignant in nature. Usually in adults, they arise from peripheral nerve sheath and are labelled as schwannomas. For a given tumour, determination of a correct surgical approach is mandatory to achieve a successful surgical outcome. Several factors like tumour size, histology, involvement of the bony spinal canal, etc...
March 23, 2017: Neurological Research
keyword
keyword
46071
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"