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Surgical board exams

Vanessa Shifflette, Susannah Hambright, Joseph Darryl Amos, Ernest Dunn, Maria Allo
Background: Surgery continues to be an intense, time-consuming residency. Many medical students decide against surgery as a profession due to the long work hours and family strain. The pregnant female surgical resident has an added stress factor compared to her male counterpart. Methods: We distributed an electronic, online 26-question survey to 32 general surgery programs in the southwestern region of the United States. Each program distributed our survey to the female surgical residents who had been pregnant during residency in the last 5 years...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Kevin D Cofer, Robert H Hollis, Lauren Goss, Melanie S Morris, John R Porterfield, Daniel I Chu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether burnout was associated with emotional intelligence and job performance in surgical residents. DESIGN: General surgery residents at a single institution were surveyed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and trait EI questionnaire (TEIQ-SF). Burnout was defined as scoring in 2 of the 3 following domains; Emotional Exhaustion (high), Depersonalization (high), and Personal Accomplishment (low). Job performance was evaluated using faculty evaluations of clinical competency-based surgical milestones and standardized test scores including the American Board of Surgery In-Training Exam (ABSITE) and the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 3...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Susan Gearhart, Michael Marohn, Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Gina Adrales, Oluwafemi Owodunni, Kim Duncan, Emil Petrusa, Pamela Lipsett
BACKGROUND: The demonstration of competency in endoscopy is required prior to obtaining American Board of Surgery Certification. To demonstrate competency, the resident must pass a national high-stakes cognitive test and a technical skills exam on a virtual reality simulator. The purpose of this preliminary study was to design a proficiency-based endoscopy simulation curriculum to meet this competency requirement. METHODS: This is a mixed methods prospective cohort study at a single academic medical institution...
January 8, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Scott L Zuckerman, Patrick D Kelly, Michael C Dewan, Peter J Morone, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Jordan A Magarik, Ronnie E Baticulon, Edie E Zusman, Gary S Solomon, John C Wellons
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgical educators strive to identify the best applicants, yet formal study of resident selection has proved difficult. We conducted a systematic review to answer the following question: What objective and subjective preresidency factors predict resident success? METHODS: PubMed, ProQuest, Embase, and the CINAHL databases were queried from 1952 to 2015 for literature reporting the impact of preresidency factors (PRFs) on outcomes of residency success (RS), among neurosurgery and all surgical subspecialties...
February 2018: World Neurosurgery
Domenico Veneziano, Kamran Ahmed, Ben S E P Van Cleynenbreugel, Ali Serdar Gözen, Joan Palou, Kemal Sarica, Evangelos N Liatsikos, Francesco Sanguedolce, Patrick Honeck, Mario Alvarez-Maestro, Athanasios Papatsoris, Panagiotis Kallidonis, Francesco Greco, Alberto Breda, Bhaskar Somani
Background Simulation based technical-skill assessment is a core topic of debate, especially in high-risk environments. After the introduction of the E-BLUS exam for basic laparoscopy, no more technical training/assessment urological protocols have been developed in Europe. Objective We describe the methodology used in the development of the novel Endoscopic Stone Treatment step 1 (EST s1) assessment curriculum. Materials and Methods The "full life cycle curriculum development" template was followed for curriculum development...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Endourology
Whitney Goldsberry, Daniel S Metzinger
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a robotic approach to foreign body extraction and vesicovaginal fistula repair. DESIGN: Video case presentation with narration discussing the step-by-step robotic surgical approach to the removal of a pessary, via cystotomy, followed by vesicovaginal fistula and cystotomy repair. SETTING: University of Louisville Hospital. The local Institutional Review Board deemed the video exempt from formal approval (Canadian Task Force Classification III)...
July 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Anna M Banc-Husu, Nuzhat A Ahmad, Vinay Chandrasekhara, Gregory G Ginsberg, David L Jaffe, Michael L Kochman, Michael W Rajala, Petar Mamula
OBJECTIVES: Gastrointestinal bleeding is one of the most common indications for urgent endoscopy in the pediatric setting. The majority of these procedures are performed for control of variceal bleeding, with few performed for nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal (NVUGI) bleeding. The data on therapeutic endoscopy for NVUGI are sparse. The aims of our study were to review our experience with NVUGI bleeding, describe technical aspects and outcomes of therapeutic endoscopy, and determine gastroenterology fellows' training opportunities according to the national training guidelines...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Michael S Crowell, Erik A Dedekam, Michael R Johnson, Scott C Dembowski, Richard B Westrick, Donald L Goss
BACKGROUND: While advanced diagnostic imaging is a large contributor to the growth in health care costs, direct-access to physical therapy is associated with decreased rates of diagnostic imaging. No study has systematically evaluated with evidence-based criteria the appropriateness of advanced diagnostic imaging, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), when ordered by physical therapists. The primary purpose of this study was to describe the appropriateness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or magnetic resonance arthrogram (MRA) exams ordered by physical therapists in a direct-access sports physical therapy clinic...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Hamid Reza Abbasi, Mitra Amini, Shahram Bolandparvaz, Shahram Paydar, Jameel Ali, Sepideh Sefidbakht
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of advance trauma life support (ATLS®) training on general surgery residents clinical reasoning skills using the national boards-style objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). METHODS: This cross-sectional single-center study was conducted in Shiraz University of Medical Sciences including 51 surgery residents that participated in a mandatory national board style OSCE between May 2014 and May 2015. OSCE scores of two groups of general surgery residents including 23 ATLS® trained and 28 non-ATLS® trained were compared using Mann-Whitney U test...
April 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
Mary E Klingensmith, John R Potts, Walter H Merrill, Timothy J Eberlein, Robert S Rhodes, Stanley W Ashley, R James Valentine, John G Hunter, Steven C Stain
BACKGROUND: The Early Specialization Program (ESP) in surgery was designed by the American Board of Surgery, the American Board of Thoracic Surgery, and the Residency Review Committees for Surgery and Thoracic Surgery to allow surgical trainees dual certification in general surgery (GS) and either vascular surgery (VS) or cardiothoracic surgery (CTS) after 6 to 7 years of training. After more than 10 years' experience, this analysis was undertaken to evaluate efficacy. STUDY DESIGN: American Board of Surgery and American Board of Thoracic Surgery records of VS and CTS ESP trainees were queried to evaluate qualifying exam and certifying exam performance...
April 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Mininder S Kocher, Frances A Tepolt, Patrick Vavken
UNLABELLED: Meniscal pathology in skeletally immature patients includes meniscal tears and discoid lateral meniscus. Total or subtotal meniscectomy may occur in patients with discoid lateral meniscus or severe meniscal tears. Meniscal transplantation may be an option in skeletally immature patients status after total or subtotal meniscectomy with knee symptoms or dysfunction. This study focuses on the surgical technique and short-term outcomes of meniscus transplantation in skeletally immature patients...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Jason Silvestre, Benjamin Chang, Joseph M Serletti
OBJECTIVE: To facilitate knowledge acquisition during plastic surgery residency, we analyzed the breast curriculum on the Plastic Surgery In-Service Training Exam (PSITE). DESIGN: Breast-related questions on 6 consecutive PSITEs were analyzed (2008-2013). Topics were categorized by the content outline for the American Board of Plastic Surgery written board examination. Question vignettes were classified by taxonomy and clinical setting. References for correct answer choices were categorized by source and publication lag...
March 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Pranav Moudgil, Ranjith Vellody, Amer Heider, Ethan A Smith, Jason J Grove, Marcus D Jarboe, Steven W Bruch, Jonathan R Dillman
BACKGROUND: The role of US-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (US-FNAB) of thyroid nodules is not well-established in children. OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively assess the utility of US-FNAB of pediatric thyroid nodules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed Department of Radiology records to identify children who underwent US-FNAB of the thyroid between 2005 and 2013. Two board-certified pediatric radiologists reviewed pre-procedural thyroid US exams and documented findings by consensus...
March 2016: Pediatric Radiology
Husni Alakkad, Richelle Kruisselbrink, Ki Jinn Chin, Ahtsham U Niazi, Sherif Abbas, Vincent W S Chan, Anahi Perlas
PURPOSE: Pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents is a major cause of anesthesia morbidity and mortality. Point-of-care gastric ultrasound provides information regarding the type and volume of gastric content. The hypothesis of this prospective cohort study was that the addition of point-of-care gastric ultrasound to standard patient assessment results in changes in anesthetic management in at least 30% of elective surgical patients who do not follow fasting instructions. METHODS: Following Research Ethics Board approval and informed consent, elective surgical patients who did not follow fasting instructions were included in this prospective study...
November 2015: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
David Y Lee, Devin C Flaherty, Briana J Lau, Gary B Deutsch, Daniel D Kirchoff, Kelly T Huynh, Ji-Hey Lee, Mark B Faries, Anton J Bilchik
BACKGROUND: With the first qualifying examination administered September 15, 2014, complex general surgical oncology (CGSO) is now a board-certified specialty. We aimed to assess the attitudes and perceptions of current and future surgical oncology fellows regarding the recently instituted Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) accreditation. METHODS: A 29-question anonymous survey was distributed to fellows in surgical oncology fellowship programs and applicants interviewing at our fellowship program...
November 2015: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Myung Sb Kim, Mi Sung Kim, Dong Hyun Kim, Hae Won Park, Hee-Jin Park, Hyun Pyo Hong, Heon-Ju Kwon
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate pre-operative CT predictors that are associated with 30-day adverse events in patients who underwent immediate appendectomies for appendiceal inflammatory masses. METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by our institutional review board, and the requirement for informed consent was waived. One hundred forty-four consecutive patients who underwent immediate appendectomies and were diagnosed with appendiceal inflammatory masses by pre-operative CT from January 2005 to December 2013 at a tertiary hospital were included...
October 2015: Abdominal Imaging
William Moore, Yair Chaya, Ammar Chaudhry, Britney Depasquale, Samantha Glass, Susan Lee, James Shin, George Mikhail, Priya Bhattacharji, Bong Kim, Thomas Bilfinger
INTRODUCTION: Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) offers a curative treatment for lung cancer in patients who are marginal surgical candidates. However, unlike traditional surgery the lung cancer remains in place after treatment. Thus, imaging follow-up for evaluation of recurrence is of paramount importance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective designed Institutional Review Board-approved study, follow-up contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) exams were performed on sixty one patients to evaluate enhancement pattern in the ablation zone at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after SABR...
September 2015: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Stamatia V Destounis, Andrea L Arieno, Renee C Morgan
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the importance of presurgical bilateral breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in women 60 years of age and older. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained with waiver of informed consent for this retrospective review. From December 2003 to December 2011, all patients 60 years and older who had presurgical bilateral breast MRI were reviewed, revealing 1268 presurgical MRI examinations; 310 had a new lesion identified by MRI...
2014: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
Daniel Chang, Stefan Kenel-Pierre, Johanna Basa, Alexander Schwartzman, Lisa Dresner, Antonio E Alfonso, Gainosuke Sugiyama
PURPOSE: The American Board of Surgery In-Training Exam (ABSITE) is administered to all general surgery residents annually. Given the recent changes in the format of the examination and in the material being tested, it has become increasingly difficult for residents to prepare for the ABSITE. This is especially true for incoming postgraduate year (PGY) 1 residents because of the respective variability of the surgical clerkship experience. There have been many studies in the past that support the use of weekly assigned readings and examinations to improve ABSITE scores...
November 2014: Journal of Surgical Education
Mara B Antonoff, Edward D Verrier, Stephen C Yang, Jules Lin, Daniel T DeArmond, Mark S Allen, Thomas K Varghese, Darcy Sengewald, Ara A Vaporciyan
BACKGROUND: Cardiothoracic surgical education faces numerous challenges, including reduced duty hours and diminishing prioritization of teaching, in the setting of rapidly advancing knowledge, skills, and case complexity. Pass rates on the American Board of Thoracic Surgery exam remain suboptimal, and new training formats are being evaluated. We hypothesize that Internet-based courses can be developed and implemented to supplement learning of basic topics in cardiothoracic surgery. METHODS: After a needs assessment, 4 online self-study courses were developed by content experts using a Moodle [modular object-oriented dynamic learning environment] platform...
September 2014: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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