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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731964/the-relationship-between-environmental-sound-awareness-and-speech-recognition-skills-in-experienced-cochlear-implant-users
#1
Michael S Harris, Lauren Boyce, David B Pisoni, Valeriy Shafiro, Aaron C Moberly
HYPOTHESIS: 1) Environmental sound awareness (ESA) and speech recognition skills in experienced, adult cochlear implant (CI) users will be highly correlated, and, 2) ESA skills of CI users will be significantly lower than those of age-matched adults with normal hearing. BACKGROUND: Enhancement of ESA is often discussed with patients with sensorineural hearing loss as a potential benefit of implantation and, in some cases, ESA may be a major motivating factor. Despite its ecological validity and patients' expectations, ESA remains largely a presumed skill...
July 20, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731885/effectiveness-of-a-posterior-shoulder-stretching-program-on-university-level-overhead-athletes-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Judy C Chepeha, David J Magee, Martin Bouliane, David Sheps, Lauren Beaupre
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a posterior shoulder stretch was effective in increasing internal rotation (IR) and horizontal adduction (HAd) range of motion (ROM) in overhead athletes identified as having reduced mobility. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial (parallel design). SETTING: University-based sports medicine clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven university-level athletes in volleyball, swimming, and tennis, with IR ROM deficits ≥15°, were randomized into intervention or control groups...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731550/food-allergy-in-schools-the-importance-of-government-involvement
#3
Tanya Lawlis, Sarah Bakonyi, Lauren T Williams
AIM: Children have the highest rates of food-related allergic reactions. While 85% of children outgrow allergies including cow's milk and eggs by five years of age, allergies to peanuts and seafood continue into adulthood. The school setting poses a high-risk environment for allergen exposure. The aim of the present study was to examine the availability, drivers and communication of school food allergy awareness and management policies/guidelines in one Australian education jurisdiction...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730322/orthopaedic-surgeons-opinions-surrounding-the-management-of-proximal-humerus-fractures-an-international-survey
#4
Lauren L Nowak, Milena R Vicente, Michael D McKee, Jeremy A Hall, Aaron Nauth, Emil H Schemitsch
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to survey surgeons' preferences surrounding the management and evaluation of proximal humerus fractures internationally. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed using previous literature and input from practicing orthopaedic surgeon opinion leaders. Between November 13, 2014 and December 31, 2014, the questionnaire was posted on the membership section of three major orthopaedic and shoulder surgery association websites. Survey responses were anonymous...
July 20, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729842/a-gene-based-analysis-of-acoustic-startle-latency
#5
Alicia K Smith, Tanja Jovanovic, Varun Kilaru, Adriana Lori, Lauren Gensler, Samuel S Lee, Seth Davin Norrholm, Nicholas Massa, Bruce Cuthbert, Bekh Bradley, Kerry J Ressler, Erica Duncan
Latency of the acoustic startle response is the time required from the presentation of startling auditory stimulus until the startle response is elicited and provides an index of neural processing speed. Latency is prolonged in subjects with schizophrenia compared to controls in some but not all studies and is 68-90% heritable in baseline startle trials. In order to determine the genetic association with latency as a potential inroad into genetically based vulnerability to psychosis, we conducted a gene-based study of latency followed by an independent replication study of significant gene findings with a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based analysis of schizophrenia and control subjects...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729485/response-to-comments-on-the-4fe4s-cluster-of-human-dna-primase-functions-as-a-redox-switch-using-dna-charge-transport
#6
Elizabeth O'Brien, Marilyn E Holt, Matthew K Thompson, Lauren E Salay, Aaron C Ehlinger, Walter J Chazin, Jacqueline K Barton
Baranovskiy et al and Pellegrini argue that, based on structural data, the path for charge transfer through the [4Fe4S] domain of primase is not feasible. Our manuscript presents electrochemical data directly showing charge transport through DNA to the [4Fe4S] cluster of a primase p58C construct and a reversible switch in the DNA-bound signal with oxidation/reduction, which is inhibited by mutation of three tyrosine residues. Although the dispositions of tyrosines differ in different constructs, all are within range for microsecond electron transfer...
July 21, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729127/variation-in-safe-sleep-and-breastfeeding-practices-among-non-hispanic-black-mothers-in-the-us-according-to-birth-country
#7
Margaret G K Parker, Eve R Colson, Lauren Provini, Denis V Rybin, Stephen M Kerr, Timothy Heeren, Michael J Corwin
OBJECTIVE: To examine variation in safe sleep and breastfeeding practices among US non-Hispanic black (NHB) mothers according to birth country METHODS: We analyzed NHB mothers that were surveyed regarding safe sleep and breastfeeding practices when their infants were 2-6 months of age in 2011-14, as part of a larger national study. We examined prevalences of safe sleep and breastfeeding practices according to birth country and examined odds of adherence to American Academy of Pediatrics recommended safe sleep and breastfeeding practices in foreign born NHBs, compared to US born NHBs...
July 17, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729010/evaluation-of-emergency-department-management-of-opioid-tolerant-cancer-patients-with-acute-pain
#8
Pina M Patel, Lauren F Goodman, Sheri A Knepel, Charles C Miller, Asma Azimi, Gary Phillips, Jillian L Gustin, Amber Hartman
CONTEXT: There are no previously published studies examining opioid doses administered to opioid-tolerant cancer patients during Emergency Department (ED) encounters. OBJECTIVE: To determine if opioid-tolerant cancer patients presenting with acute pain exacerbations receive adequate initial doses of PRN opioids during ED encounters based on home Oral Morphine Equivalents (OME) use. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of opioid-tolerant cancer patients who received opioids in our ED over a 2-year period...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728780/detecting-regional-stiffness-changes-in-aortic-aneurysmal-geometries-using-pressure-normalized-strain
#9
Doran S Mix, Ling Yang, Camille C Johnson, Nathan Couper, Ben Zarras, Isaac Arabadjis, Lauren E Trakimas, Michael C Stoner, Steven W Day, Michael S Richards
Transabdominal ultrasound elasticity imaging could improve the assessment of rupture risk for abdominal aortic aneurysms by providing information on the mechanical properties and stress or strain states of vessel walls. We implemented a non-rigid image registration method to visualize the pressure-normalized strain within vascular tissues and adapted it to measure total strain over an entire cardiac cycle. We validated the algorithm's performance with both simulated ultrasound images with known principal strains and anatomically accurate heterogeneous polyvinyl alcohol cryogel vessel phantoms...
July 17, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728761/predictors-of-co-occurring-neurodevelopmental-disabilities-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#10
Lauren Head Zauche, Ashley E Darcy Mahoney, Melinda K Higgins
PURPOSE: Co-occurring neurodevelopmental disabilities (including cognitive and language delays and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) affect over half of children with ASD and may affect later behavioral, language, and cognitive outcomes beyond the ASD diagnosis. However, no studies have examined predictors of co-occurring neurodevelopmental disabilities in children with ASD. This study investigated whether maternal sociodemographic, perinatal and neonatal factors are associated with co-occurring disabilities...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728478/psychosocial-response-to-new-onset-diabetes-as-a-long-term-effect-of-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#11
Jill M Olausson, Lauren Clark, Janice M Morse, Marilyn Hammer, Nancy Allen, Marcia Grant
Currently, little information is available to guide health care practitioners on how to facilitate positive outcomes in individuals who develop new-onset diabetes after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo HSCT) for treatment of hematological cancers. Results from this constructivist grounded theory study provide a theoretical framework explaining the psychosocial process of change that middle-age and older adults experience when developing new-onset diabetes in this context. Two predominant factors influenced this change: treatment burden and perception of diabetes...
July 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728057/integrating-the-microbiome-as-a-resource-in-the-forensics-toolkit
#12
Thomas H Clarke, Andres Gomez, Harinder Singh, Karen E Nelson, Lauren M Brinkac
The introduction of DNA fingerprinting to forensic science rapidly expanded the available evidence that could be garnered from a crime scene and used in court cases. Next generation sequencing technologies increased available genetic data that could be used as evidence by orders of magnitude, and as such, significant additional genetic information is now available for use in forensic science. This includes DNA from the bacteria that live in and on humans, known as the human microbiome. Next generation sequencing of the human microbiome demonstrates that its bacterial DNA can be used to uniquely identify an individual, provide information about their life and behavioral patterns, determine the body site where a sample came from, and estimate postmortem intervals...
June 27, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727993/how-do-nurse-practitioners-work-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-scoping-review
#13
REVIEW
Julian Grant, Lauren Lines, Philip Darbyshire, Yvonne Parry
OBJECTIVES: This scoping review explores the work of nurse practitioners in primary health care settings in developed countries and critiques their contribution to improved health outcomes. DESIGN: A scoping review design was employed and included development of a research question, identification of potentially relevant studies, selection of relevant studies, charting data, collating, summarising and reporting findings. An additional step was added to evaluate the methodological rigor of each study...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727831/follicle-stimulating-hormone-is-an-accurate-predictor-of-azoospermia-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#14
Thomas W Kelsey, Lauren McConville, Angela B Edgar, Alex I Ungurianu, Rod T Mitchell, Richard A Anderson, W Hamish B Wallace
The accuracy of Follicle Stimulating Hormone as a predictor of azoospermia in adult survivors of childhood cancer is unclear, with conflicting results in the published literature. A systematic review and post hoc analysis of combined data (n = 367) were performed on all published studies containing extractable data on both serum Follicle Stimulating Hormone concentration and semen concentration in survivors of childhood cancer. PubMed and Medline databases were searched up to March 2017 by two blind investigators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727647/surgical-anatomy-of-the-uterosacral-ligament-colpopexy
#15
Lauren N Siff, Karl Jallad, Lisa C Hickman, Mark D Walters
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship of the uterosacral ligament (USL) to the ureter and rectum along a surgeon's target location for suture placement under conditions simulating live surgery. METHODS: Dissections were performed in 11 unembalmed female cadavers. Steps were taken to identify the USL simulating USL colpopexy. Pins were placed in the midportion of the USL at the level of the IS, and at 1-cm, 2-cm, and 3-cm increments traveling proximally toward the sacrum (Fig...
July 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726838/us-lawmakers-seek-1-1-billion-boost-for-the-nih
#16
Lauren Morello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726241/investigating-the-role-of-the-igf-axis-as-a-predictor-of-biochemical-recurrence-in-prostate-cancer-patients-post-surgery
#17
Kieran J Breen, Amanda O'Neill, Lisa Murphy, Yue Fan, Susie Boyce, Noel Fitzgerald, Emma Dorris, Lauren Brady, Stephen P Finn, Brian D Hayes, Ann Treacy, Ciara Barrett, Mardiana Abdul Aziz, Elaine W Kay, John M Fitzpatrick, R William G Watson
BACKGROUND: Between 20% and 35% of prostate cancer (PCa) patients who undergo treatment with curative intent (ie, surgery or radiation therapy) for localized disease will experience biochemical recurrence (BCR). Alterations in the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis and PTEN expression have been implicated in the development and progression of several human tumors including PCa. We examined the expression of the insulin receptor (INSR), IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R), PTEN, and AKT in radical prostatectomy tissue of patients who developed BCR post-surgery...
July 20, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726138/trainee-associated-outcomes-in-laparoscopic-colectomy-for-cancer-propensity-score-analysis-accounting-for-operative-time-procedure-complexity-and-patient-comorbidity
#18
Kevin R Kasten, Adam C Celio, Lauren Trakimas, Mark L Manwaring, Konstantinos Spaniolas
BACKGROUND: Surgical trainee association with operative outcomes is controversial. Studies are conflicting, possibly due to insufficient control of confounding variables such as operative time, case complexity, and heterogeneous patient populations. As operative complications worsen long-term outcomes in oncologic patients, understanding effect of trainee involvement during laparoscopic colectomy for cancer is of utmost importance. Here, we hypothesized that resident involvement was associated with worsened 30-day mortality and 30-day overall morbidity in this patient population...
July 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726045/the-use-of-psychological-supportive-care-services-and-psychotropic-drugs-in-patients-with-early-stage-breast-cancer-a-comparison-between-two-institutions-on-two-continents
#19
Orit Kaidar-Person, Icro Meattini, Allison M Deal, Giulio Francolini, Giulio Carta, Lauren Terzo, Jayne Camporeale, Hyman Muss, Lawrence B Marks, Lorenzo Livi, Deborah K Mayer, Timothy M Zagar
The aim of this study was to evaluate the mental health consumption among patients with early-stage breast cancer in two radiation oncology departments in two countries (USA and Italy). Data were extracted from the medical records of consecutive patients treated between 2014 and 2015 in two centers. Extracted data included patient's demographics, treatment, referral to psychological supportive care programs, and prescribed psychotropic drugs. Data from the two centers were compared using Student's t, Wilcoxon, Fisher's exact, and Jonckheere-Terpstra tests...
August 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725847/the-process-and-impact-of-stakeholder-engagement-in-developing-a-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-communication-and-decision-making-intervention
#20
Kelly N Michelson, Joel Frader, Lauren Sorce, Marla L Clayman, Stephen D Persell, Patricia Fragen, Jody D Ciolino, Laura C Campbell, Melanie Arenson, Danica Y Aniciete, Melanie L Brown, Farah N Ali, Douglas White
Stakeholder-developed interventions are needed to support pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) communication and decision-making. Few publications delineate methods and outcomes of stakeholder engagement in research. We describe the process and impact of stakeholder engagement on developing a PICU communication and decision-making support intervention. We also describe the resultant intervention. Stakeholders included parents of PICU patients, healthcare team members (HTMs), and research experts. Through a year-long iterative process, we involved 96 stakeholders in 25 meetings and 26 focus groups or interviews...
December 2016: Journal of patient experience
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