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natural killer cell hepatocellular carcinoma

G Kamkamidze, M Butsashvili, K Gendzekhadze
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remains one of the most important blood-borne diseases worldwide with about 130-170 million people chronically infected with hepatitis C virus, and more than 350 000 people die from hepatitis C-related liver diseases each year. Infection with HCV becomes chronic in approximately 80% of cases, while in up to 20% of cases hepatitis C virus is cleared from the human organism. Chronic infections of hepatitis C often leads to the end-stage liver diseases such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma...
September 2016: Georgian Medical News
Naibin Yang, Shanshan Li, Guoxiang Li, Shengguo Zhang, Xinyue Tang, Shunlan Ni, Xiaomin Jian, Cunlai Xu, Jiayin Zhu, Mingqin Lu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of cancer-related death worldwide. As vectors for intercellular information exchange, the potential role of extracellular vesicles (EVs) in HCC formation, progression and therapy has been widely investigated. In this review, we explore the current status of the researches in this field. Altogether there is undeniable evidence that EVs play a crucial role in HCC development, metastasis. Moreover, EVs have shown great potential as drug delivery systems (DDSs) for the treatment of HCC...
October 4, 2016: Oncotarget
Xiao-Ping Wang, Qiao-Xia Wang, Huan-Ping Lin, Bing Xu, Qian Zhao, Kun Chen
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a marker of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and serves as a target for immunotherapy. However, current treatments targeting AFP are not reproducible and do not provide complete protection against cancer. This issue may be solved by developing novel therapeutic vaccines with enhanced immunogenicity that could effectively target AFP-expressing tumors. In this study, we report construction of a therapeutic peptide vaccine by linking heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) functional peptide to the AFP epitope to obtain HSP70-P/AFP-P...
October 4, 2016: Oncotarget
Sonja Textor, Felicitas Bossler, Kai-Oliver Henrich, Moritz Gartlgruber, Julia Pollmann, Nathalie Fiegler, Annette Arnold, Frank Westermann, Nina Waldburger, Kai Breuhahn, Sven Golfier, Mathias Witzens-Harig, Adelheid Cerwenka
Natural Killer (NK) cells are innate effector cells that are able to recognize and eliminate tumor cells through engagement of their surface receptors. NKp30 is a potent activating NK cell receptor that elicits efficient NK cell-mediated target cell killing. Recently, B7-H6 was identified as tumor cell surface expressed ligand for NKp30. Enhanced B7-H6 mRNA levels are frequently detected in tumor compared to healthy tissues. To gain insight in the regulation of expression of B7-H6 in tumors, we investigated transcriptional mechanisms driving B7-H6 expression by promoter analyses...
July 2016: Oncoimmunology
Pavan Patel, Steven E Schutzer, Nikolaos Pyrsopoulos
Hepatocellular carcinoma is on the rise and occurs in the setting of chronic liver disease and cirrhosis. Though treatment modalities are available, mortality from this cancer remains high. Medical therapy with the utilization of biologic compounds such as the Food and Drug Administration approved sorafenib might be the only option that can increase survival. Immunotherapy, with modern pharmacologic developments, is a new frontier in cancer therapy and therefore the immunobiology of hepatocarcinogenesis is under investigation...
August 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
Tong Ji, Gaofeng Li, Jiang Chen, Jie Zhao, Xi Li, Hui Lin, Xiujun Cai, Yong Cang
Interleukin 6 (IL6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) and TNF receptor-1(TNFR1) have been shown to involve in oval cell proliferation and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. However, their role in these processes is still unclear. In the present study, by using hepatocytes-specific DDB1 deletion mouse models, we explored the role and mechanism of IL6, TNFα and TNFR1 in oval cell proliferation and HCC development in the context of inflammation, which is the common features of HCC pathogenesis in humans...
August 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Marc Schwartz, Yu Zhang, Joseph D Rosenblatt
The balance between immune effector cells such as T cells and natural killer cells, and immunosuppressive Treg cells, dendritic, myeloid and monocytic sub-populations in the tumor microenvironment acts to calibrate the immune response to malignant cells. Accumulating evidence is pointing to a role for B cells in modulating the immune response to both solid tumors and hematologic cancer. Evidence from murine autoimmune models has defined B regulatory cell (Breg) subsets that express cytokines such as IL-10, TGF-β, and/or express immune regulatory ligands such as PD-L1, which can suppress T cell and/or natural killer cell responses...
2016: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
Rana Ahmed Youness, Mai Atef Rahmoon, Reem Amr Assal, Asmaa Ibrahim Gomaa, Mohamed Tarif Hamza, Imam Waked, Hend Mohamed El Tayebi, Ahmed Ihab Abdelaziz
In this study, an impaired natural killer (NK) cell cytolytic activity in 135 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients parallel to a reduced expression level of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 in NK cells of HCC patients has been revealed. Ectopic expression of miR-486-5p, a direct upstream regulator of IGF-1, restored the endogenous level of IGF-1 in NK cells of HCC patients, thus augmenting its cytolytic activity against Huh7 cells in an opposite manner to the IGF-1 siRNAs. Unorthodoxly, over-expression of miR-486-5p in target hepatocytes resulted in the repression of IGF-1, suppression of Huh7 cells proliferation and viability in a similar pattern to the IGF-1 siRNAs...
August 2016: Growth Factors
Qiong-Fang Zhang, Wen-Wei Yin, Yang Xia, Ya-Yang Yi, Qiu-Feng He, Xing Wang, Hong Ren, Da-Zhi Zhang
Natural killer (NK) cells have a vital role in killing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells; however, the mechanism underlying tumor-infiltrating NK (TINK)-cell dysfunction remains poorly understood. Using flow cytometry staining, we precisely characterized the frequency, phenotype and function of NK subsets distinguished by CD27 and CD11b in 30 patients with HCC in comparison to 30 healthy controls. Interestingly, we found a substantial proportion of liver-infiltrating CD11b(-)CD27(-) (DN) NK subsets in tumor tissue from HCC patients...
June 20, 2016: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
Manping Huang, Xiaoyi Wang, Huang Bin
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most aggressive tumors in humans. T lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells are the body's first line of defense to prevent tumor cell growth. Previous studies have demonstrated that transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with argon-helium cryosurgery system (AHCS) can effectively treat liver cancer. However, the mechanism of the treatment is unclear yet. In the current study, we investigated the effects of TACE combined with AHCS on the changes of T cell subsets and NK cells in peripheral blood of HCC...
December 2015: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
Dandan Lin, Lei Lei, Yonghao Liu, Yinsheng Zhang, Bo Hu, Guangming Bao, Yuan Song, Ziqi Jin, Chunliang Liu, Yu Mei, Dedy Sandikin, Yan Wu, Lixiang Zhao, Xiao Yu, Haiyan Liu
Hepatocellular carcinoma is a worldwide health problem with limited treatment options and poor prognosis. Inflammation associated with liver injury and hepatocyte regeneration can lead to fibrosis, cirrhosis, and eventually, hepatocellular carcinoma. IL1α is one of the most important inflammatory cytokines involved in inflammation and tumor development. IL1α presents as multiple forms in vivo, including precursor, propiece, membrane, and secreted forms, and their functions have been thought to be different...
June 1, 2016: Cancer Research
Takahiro Kamiya, Yu-Hsiang Chang, Dario Campana
Viral infection of the liver is a major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Natural killer (NK) cells recognize virally infected and oncogenically transformed cells, suggesting a therapeutic role for NK-cell infusions in HCC. Using the K562-mb15-41BBL cell line as a stimulus, we obtained large numbers of activated NK cells from the peripheral blood of healthy donors. Expanded NK cells exerted remarkably high cytotoxicity against HCC cell lines, which was generally much higher than that of unstimulated or IL2-activated NK cells...
July 2016: Cancer Immunology Research
Adel Galal El-Shemi, Ahmad Mohammed Ashshi, Youjin Na, Yan Li, Mohammed Basalamah, Faisal Ahmad Al-Allaf, Eonju Oh, Bo-Kyeong Jung, Chae-Ok Yun
BACKGROUND: Gene-based virotherapy mediated by oncolytic viruses is currently experiencing a renaissance in cancer therapy. However, relatively little attention has been given to the potentiality of dual gene virotherapy strategy as a novel therapeutic approach to mediate triplex anticancer combination effects, particularly if the two suitable genes are well chosen. Both tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and interleukin-12 (IL-12) have been emerged as promising pharmacological candidates in cancer therapy; however, the combined efficacy of TRAIL and IL-12 genes for treatment of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains to be determined...
2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Suvercha Bhardwaj, Fareed Ahmad, Heiner Wedemeyer, Marcus Cornberg, Julian Schulze Zur Wiesch, Jan van Lunzen, Shiv K Sarin, Reinhold E Schmidt, Dirk Meyer-Olson
BACKGROUND: HIV-HCV co-infection is associated with accelerated progression to hepatic fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma than HCV mono-infection. The contribution of innate immunity during HIV-HCV co-infection has been a relatively under-investigated area. Natural killer (NK) cells are pivotal sentinels of innate immunity against viruses and tumour cells. In this study we evaluated the effect of HIV-HCV co-infection on peripheral blood NK cell subsets with emphasis on the phenotype of CD56(bright) NK cells...
2016: Virology Journal
Han Chen, Wang Zhidan, Ren Xia, Wang Zhaoxia, Jia Qing, Guo Qiang, Yin Haipeng, Wang Hengxiao
Previous studies have demonstrated that polypeptides extracted from scorpion venom (PESV) inhibited cell proliferation in several tumors, however, the effect on dysfunctional and exhausted natural killer cells which contribute to tumor escape from immune surveillance remain to be elucidated. In this study, we determined the effect of PESV on NK infiltration into H22 cells orthotopic transplantation tumors and on the expression of MHC class I chain-related proteins A (MICA) in HepG2 cells. We found that tumor growth in mice was significantly inhibited by PESV and the survival time of tumor-bearing mice treated with PESV was significantly prolonged...
June 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Xiu-Yun Li, Lun Wu, Sheng-Wei Li, Wen-Bo Zhou, Meng-Yuan Wang, Guo-Qing Zuo, Chang-An Liu, Xiong Ding
FcγRIIIa (CD16) is a low-affinity Fc receptor of IgG. As the idio-binding receptor of IgG Fc, it plays an important role in the antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity of natural killer cells. The aim of the present study was to investigate the distribution of Kupffer cells (KCs) and the expression of their surface receptor FcγRIIIa in hepatocellular carcinoma. Furthermore, we also aimed to observe the functional mechanism of FcγRIIIa. Immunohistochemical analysis was employed to study KCs and FcγRIIIa...
June 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Lei Qian, Nanya Wang, Huimin Tian, Haofan Jin, Hengjun Zhao, Chao Niu, Hua He, Tingwen Ge, Wei Han, Jifan Hu, Dan Li, Fujun Han, Jianting Xu, Xiao Ding, Jingtao Chen, Wei Li, Jiuwei Cui
Immune cells play an important role in the development and progression of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the influence of adoptive cellular immunotherapy (CIT) on viral load and progression-free survival (PFS) for HCC patients infected with HCV. Patients (n = 104) were divided into a control group (conventional therapy, n = 73) and study group (combination of CIT and conventional therapy, n = 31). Autologous mononuclear cells were induced into natural killer, γδT, and cytokine-induced killer cells and infused intravenously to study group patients...
2016: Journal of Immunology Research
Zai-Fa Hong, Wen-Xiu Zhao, Zhen-Yu Yin, Cheng-Rong Xie, Ya-Ping Xu, Xiao-Qin Chi, Sheng Zhang, Xiao-Min Wang
Natural killer (NK) cells have been demonstrated to inhibit tumor growth. However, the role of NK cells in the inhibition of hepatocellular carcinoma metastasis is not well understood. The present study aimed to investigate the roles that NK cells may serve in inhibiting hepatocellular carcinoma metastasis. The role of isolated NK cells in the inhibition, proliferation, migration and invasion of the hepatoma cell line, MHCC97-H, was examined in vitro. Additionally, the survival rate of NK cells labeled with carboxyfluorescein diacetate-succinimidyl ester was assessed in vivo...
March 2016: Oncology Letters
Jian Gao, Zhaojun Duan, Ling Zhang, Xiangbo Huang, Lu Long, Jing Tu, Hua Liang, Yu Zhang, Tao Shen, Fengmin Lu
Dysfunction of natural killer (NK) cells has been implicated in the failure of antitumor immune responses in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. However, the changes of NK profile in peripheral blood after surgery and tumor tissues of HCC patients, as well as the underlying reason and the significance are vague. Here, we observed that the frequencies of circulating NKG2D(+)CD56(dim)NK cells decreased significantly in HBV-related HCC and were negatively correlated with the levels of serum TGF-β and soluble MICA (sMICA)...
2016: Oncoimmunology
Liang Shi, Hui Lin, Gonghui Li, Ren-An Jin, Junjie Xu, Yin Sun, Wen-Lung Ma, Shuyuan Yeh, Xiujun Cai, Chawnshang Chang
Gender disparity has long been considered as a key to fully understand hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. At the same time, immunotherapy related to IL12 still need more investigation before being applied in clinical settings. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of the androgen receptor (AR) on natural killer (NK) cell-related innate immune surveillance in liver cancer, and provide a novel therapeutic approach to suppress HCC via altering IL12A. By using in vitro cell cytotoxicity test and in vivo liver orthotopic xenograft mouse model, we identified the role of AR in modulating NK cell cytotoxicity...
April 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
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