Read by QxMD icon Read

Anaesthesia anaesthesiology anesthesia anesthesiology

Philip M Jones, Jeffrey T Y Chow, Miguel F Arango, Jason A Fridfinnson, Nan Gai, Kevin Lam, Timothy P Turkstra
BACKGROUND: Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) provide high-quality evidence for clinical decision-making. Trial registration is one of the many tools used to improve the reporting of RCTs by reducing publication bias and selective outcome reporting bias. The purpose of our study is to examine whether RCTs published in the top 6 general anesthesiology journals were adequately registered and whether the reported primary and secondary outcomes corresponded to the originally registered outcomes...
October 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
J B Carlisle
Randomised, controlled trials have been retracted after publication because of data fabrication and inadequate ethical approval. Fabricated data have included baseline variables, for instance, age, height or weight. Statistical tests can determine the probability of the distribution of means, given their standard deviation and the number of participants in each group. Randomised, controlled trials have been retracted after the data distributions have been calculated as improbable. Most retracted trials have been written by anaesthetists and published by specialist anaesthetic journals...
August 2017: Anaesthesia
Laurence Weinberg, Neil Collins, Kiara Van Mourik, Chong Tan, Rinaldo Bellomo
AIM: To outline the physiochemical properties and specific clinical uses of Plasma-Lyte 148 as choice of solution for fluid intervention in critical illness, surgery and perioperative medicine. METHODS: We performed an electronic literature search from Medline and PubMed ( via Ovid), anesthesia and pharmacology textbooks, and online sources including studies that compared Plasma-Lyte 148 to other crystalloid solutions. The following keywords were used: "surgery", "anaesthesia", "anesthesia", "anesthesiology", "anaesthesiology", "fluids", "fluid therapy", "crystalloid", "saline", "plasma-Lyte", "plasmalyte", "hartmann's", "ringers" "acetate", "gluconate", "malate", "lactate"...
November 4, 2016: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Alyson Calder, Mary Hegarty, Kylie Davies, Britta S von Ungern-Sternberg
BACKGROUND: The pediatric difficult airway can be unexpected, leading to significant morbidity and mortality. Standardized emergency airway equipment should be available on a regularly checked difficult airway trolley (DAT). We conducted a survey to investigate pediatric anesthetists' knowledge, experience, and confidence with the DAT. METHODS: Members of the Association of Paediatric Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland (APAGBI), European Society for Paediatric Anaesthesiology (ESPA) and their national societies, Canadian Pediatric Anesthesia Society (CPAS), and Society for Paediatric Anaesthesia in New Zealand and Australia (SPANZA) were invited to complete a survey between January and April 2011...
December 2012: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Aleksander Rutkiewicz, Izabela Duda, Ewa Musioł
Until the outbreak of WW II, anaesthesiology, as a separate specialty, did not exist in Poland. After the fall of Poland, a large section of the Polish Armed Forces was evacuated to France and after that, to the UK, where Polish military physicians had a unique opportunity to obtain training in modern anaesthesia. The first regular courses were established at the University of Edinburgh. After WW II, doctor Stanisław Pokrzywnicki, a pioneer of Polish anaesthesiology, who was trained by Sir Robert Macintosh, and doctor Bolesław Rutkowski, an anaesthesiologist in London, returned to Poland and started regular services...
October 2011: Anestezjologia Intensywna Terapia
Radoslaw Owczuk et al.
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2011: Anestezjologia Intensywna Terapia
Branislava M Majstorović, Dragana A Kastratović, Dragan S Vučović, Branko D Milaković, Biljana R Miličić
INTRODUCTION: Cost of anaesthesiology represent defined measures to determine a precise profile of expenditure estimation of surgical treatment, which is important regarding planning of healthcare activities, prices and budget. OBJECTIVE: In order to determine the actual value of anaestesiological services, we started with the analysis of activity based costing (ABC) analysis. METHODS: Retrospectively, in 2005 and 2006, we estimated the direct costs of anestesiological services (salaries, drugs, supplying materials and other: analyses and equipment...
July 2011: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Z Li, L-X Qiu, F-X Wu, L-Q Yang, S Sun, W F Yu
Significant growth has been seen in the field of anaesthesiology in recent decades. The current geographic distribution of the publications on anaesthesia research may be different from ten years ago. We performed this literature survey to examine the national origin of articles published in international anaesthesiology journals and to evaluate their contribution to anaesthesia research. Articles published in 18 major anaesthesiology journals from 2000 to 2009 were identified from the PubMed database and the Science Citation Index...
March 2011: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Andrzej Piotrowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2010: Anestezjologia Intensywna Terapia
A Fassoulaki, G Karabinis, A Paraskeva
The aim of the present study was to evaluate six anesthesia journals and academic criteria, required for the editors and reviewers, as perceived by European anesthesiologists submitted to a questionnaire. The six journals were: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica (AAS), Anesthesia and Analgesia (AN/AN), Anesthesiology (ANESTH), British Journal of Anaesthesia (BJA), Canadian Journal of Anesthesia (CJA) and European Journal of Anaesthesiology (EJA). Anesthesiologists were questioned on number of articles read per issue, preferred category of article and type of subject addressed, usefulness of supplemental issues as well as to score each journal for quality, format and color...
2010: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
Sven Staender, Hansjuerg Schaer, François Clergue, Helmut Gerber, Thomas Pasch, Karl Skarvan, Beat Meister
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In 1999, the Swiss Society of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation (SSAR) initiated an analysis of closed malpractice claims filed against anaesthetists in a project intended to improve patient safety. This article discusses the results of a review of closed claims between 1987 and 2008 and filed up to the end of 2009. METHODS: Records of closed claims were provided by Swiss professional medical liability insurance companies and the Office for Extrajudicial Expert Review of the Swiss Medical Association...
February 2011: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Jan Muhammad Shaikh, Saleem Sabbar, Nasir Aziz, Najma Bano Shaikh, Tauseefullah Akhundt
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents leading to acid aspiration syndrome (AAS) is a well recognized risk factor during general anaesthesia (GA) for Caesarean section (CS). The cross sectional observational study was conducted during July 2008 to October 2008 at Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan. The objective was to assess anaesthetic practice patterns and measures to prevent aspiration of acid gastric contents in full-term pregnant women undergoing anaesthesia for Caesarean section...
October 2009: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Ozlem S Can, Ali A Yilmaz, Menekse Hasdogan, Filiz Alkaya, Sanem C Turhan, Mehmet F Can, Zekeriyya Alanoglu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Randomised controlled trial (RCT) abstracts published in journal articles have traditionally been deficient of crucial information. To improve the quality of RCT abstracts, in January 2008, the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trial (CONSORT) group published a checklist of essential information for inclusion. The current study assessed whether there has been an improvement in the quality of RCT abstracts published in main anaesthesia journals since this new guideline was introduced...
July 2011: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Eva Koetsier, Christa Boer, Stephan A Loer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While anaesthesiology is still perceived as a rather technical specialty, nontechnical skills of anaesthesiologists become increasingly important. In this context, we hypothesised that complaints and incident reports about anaesthesia service are often related to nontechnical skills. To test this hypothesis, we attributed complaints and incident reports to the seven roles of CanMEDS (Canadian Medical Educational Directives for Specialists), which are the role of 'medical expert', 'communicator', 'collaborator', 'health advocate', 'manager', 'scholar' and the role of 'professional'...
January 2011: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
M von Rettberg, E Thil, H Genzwürker, C Gernoth, J Hinkelbein
BACKGROUND: Estimating the endotracheal tube size with the optimal internal diameter (ID) is of outstanding importance for airway management in pediatric patients. For many years different weight, height, and/or age-based formulas have been published. The aim of the present study was to identify and to compare published formulas to estimate optimal tube size in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed search was performed to identify published formulas for tube diameter in pediatric patients...
April 2011: Der Anaesthesist
Jannicke Mellin-Olsen, Sven Staender, David K Whitaker, Andrew F Smith
Anaesthesiology, which includes anaesthesia, perioperative care, intensive care medicine, pain therapy and emergency medicine, has always participated in systematic attempts to improve patient safety. Anaesthesiologists have a unique, cross-specialty opportunity to influence the safety and quality of patient care. Past achievements have allowed our specialty a perception that it has become safe, but there should be no room for complacency when there is more to be done. Increasingly older and sicker patients, more complex surgical interventions, more pressure on throughput, new drugs and devices and simple chance all pose hazards in the work of anaesthesiologists...
July 2010: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Ingrid Rundshagen
Drug addicts need special anesthesiological care due to their co-morbidities, their modified need for analgesics and anesthetics and/or their specific substitution therapies. In spite of the high incidence of addiction worldwide controlled studies and evidence based recommendations for the anaesthesiological management of the patients are missing. The perioperative care is not the treatment of addiction, on the contrary the specific aspects of a chronic disease have to be accepted. Equally important perioperative treatment strategies for the management of drug addicts include: 1...
May 2010: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Y Chalot, S Boileau, M Vedel, G Audibert, M-P Mertes, H Bouaziz
OBJECTIVE: The anaesthesiology and intensive care physician demography is becoming critical in most French regions; more than 56% of the residents trained in Lorraine are leaving the area after they graduate. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive and retrospective survey was carried out. The aims of the research were threefold: to ascertain firstly, why residents chose Lorraine in the first instance, secondly their experiences of the training and thirdly their expectations...
March 2010: Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie et de Rèanimation
H Breivik, U Bang, J Jalonen, G Vigfússon, S Alahuhta, M Lagerkranser
BACKGROUND: Central neuraxial blocks (CNBs) for surgery and analgesia are an important part of anaesthesia practice in the Nordic countries. More active thromboprophylaxis with potent antihaemostatic drugs has increased the risk of bleeding into the spinal canal. National guidelines for minimizing this risk in patients who benefit from such blocks vary in their recommendations for safe practice. METHODS: The Scandinavian Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (SSAI) appointed a task force of experts to establish a Nordic consensus on recommendations for best clinical practice in providing effective and safe CNBs in patients with an increased risk of bleeding...
January 2010: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Ewa Podwińska, Jadwiga Jośko, Ewa Kucewicz-Czech, Hanna Misiołek, Jan Klimasara, Marcin Szozda
Arthur Ernest Guedel was a US born anaesthetist, whose name found its place among key persons in our specialty. Commonly known as a developer of the oropharyngeal airway, he did much more. Possibly, his major achievements were the detailed description of nitrous oxide and diethyl ether anaesthesia. He was among the firstfull-time US anaesthesiologists, and also served in his profession during the First World War. So called Guedel charts, describing the relationship between the level of anaesthesia and pupillary reactions, allowed many non-anaesthesiologists to administer diethyl ether relatively safely...
July 2008: Anestezjologia Intensywna Terapia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"