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Cirrhosis and diastolic dysfunction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914003/n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-levels-are-linked-with-modified-child-pugh-classification-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-cirrhosis-nt-probnp-and-liver-cirrhosis
#1
Abdulbaki Kumbasar, Mehtap Navdar, Esra Ataoglu, Isil Uzunhasan, Kadir Ergen, Sule Poturoglu, Filiz Basinoglu, Fatih Yilmaz, Mustafa Yenigun, Fuat Sar, Ozgur Tanriverdi
Excess N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide secretion has been linked to cirrhosis in previously studies. The relationship of plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels and cardiac dysfunction determined by echocardiography were investigated in patients with nonalcoholic cirrhosis and a control group of chronic hepatitis. This study was designed as a cross-sectional study. Thirty-two men and thirty-three women who gave informed consent who were followed-up for chronic liver failure were enrolled...
December 2, 2016: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816131/anesthesia-patients-with-concomitant-cardiac-and-hepatic-dysfunction
#2
REVIEW
Julianne Ahdout, Michael Nurok
Anesthesia and surgery in patients with hepatic and cardiac dysfunction poses a challenge for anesthesiologists. It is imperative to optimize these patients perioperatively. Cirrhosis is associated with a wide range of cardiovascular abnormalities. Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is characterized by blunted contractile responsiveness or systolic incompetence, and/or diastolic dysfunction. In liver disease, anesthetic drug distribution, metabolism, and elimination may be altered. Among patients with liver disease, propofol is a reasonable anesthetic choice and cisatracurium is the preferred neuromuscular blocker...
December 2016: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728268/profile-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#3
Syed Adil Hassan, Sangitanjan Dutta, Anjan Talukdar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636934/-cardiac-damage-in-liver-cirrhosis-in-alcohol-abusers
#4
V A Romanova, A S Goncharov, N N Terebilina, V S Moiseev
AIM: to estimate the contribution of liver cirrhosis (LC) to the development of heart diseases in alcohol abusers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The investigation included 80 patients with alcoholic LC without a history of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and, as a control group, 32 alcohol abusers without a history of chronic diseases of the liver and cardiovascular and respiratory systems; 45 patients with alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) and congestive heart failure without a history of coronary heart disease and valvular diseases, among whom 11 patients were found to have LC...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555608/association-between-blood-lead-levels-and-blood-pressures-in-a-non-smoking-healthy-korean-population
#5
Kyu Rae Lee, Ki Dong Ko, In Cheol Hwang, Heuy Sun Suh, Kyoung Kon Kim
OBJECTIVE: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) has been performed every 3 years in Korea to help prevent cardiovascular mortality in the general population. Previous studies showed an association between blood lead levels and cardiovascular mortality. In order to assess the relationship between blood lead concentration and blood pressure in the healthy general population, we investigated whether blood lead levels were related to blood pressure in a non-smoking healthy population without any known medical diseases in the 2013 KNHANES...
August 23, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493103/diastolic-dysfunction-is-associated-with-low-urinary-sodium-excretion-in-patients-with-decompensated-cirrhosis
#6
Evangelos Cholongitas, Ioannis Goulis, Efstathios Pagourelias, Charis Birtsou, Maria Ioannidou, Maria Ioannidou, Parthenis Chalevas, Stergios Soulaidopoulos, Vasilios Vassilikos, Evangelos Akriviadis
BACKGROUND/AIM: The pathogenesis and the clinical impact of diastolic dysfunction (DD) in cirrhosis remain unclear. Our aim was to investigate the factors significantly associated with the presence of DD in patients with decompensated cirrhosis on the waiting list for liver transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: consecutive patients with decompensated cirrhosis, who admitted for transplant assessment, were prospectively evaluated. We assessed the independent factors associated with the presence of DD, while their discriminative ability was evaluated by AUC curve...
September 2016: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458853/galactin-3-and-brain-natriuretic-peptide-versus-conventional-echocardiography-in-the-early-detection-of-cirrhotic-cardiomyopathy
#7
Wael A Abbas, Soheir M Kasem Ahmed, Amal M Abdel Aal, Amal A Mahmoud, Mohamed O Abdelmalek, Mohamed A Mekky, Mohamed A A Abozaid, Ahmed K Ibrahim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM) is defined as an abnormal heart structure and function in cirrhotic patients. CCM includes systolic and diastolic dysfunction, electrophysiological abnormalities, and structural changes, both microscopic and macroscopic. Currently, there is no one diagnostic test that can identify patients with CCM. Evaluation of the validity of galactin-3 and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) as biomarkers in the early detection of CCM in comparison to conventional echocardiography...
July 2016: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382936/fragmented-qrs-is-associated-with-cirrhotic-cardiomyopathy-in-patients-with-decompensated-cirrhosis
#8
M Demir, M Kurt, A B Akçay
BACKGROUND AND AIM: It has been reported that the fragmented QRS (fQRS) is related to left ventricular systolic dysfunction and diastolic dysfunction. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of fragmented QRS (fQRS) in patients with decompensated cirrhosis and to evaluate the relationship between the presence of fQRS and systolic and diastolic dysfunction. METHOD: PThe study included consecutive 189 patients with decompensated cirrhosis. fQRS pattern was described as presence of RSR' manifested as existence of additional R wave and notching in either R or S waves in ECG recordings...
April 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307552/cardiac-remodeling-in-patients-with-primary-and-secondary-aldosteronism-a-tissue-doppler-study
#9
Maurizio Cesari, Claudio Letizia, Paolo Angeli, Susanna Sciomer, Silvia Rosi, Gian Paolo Rossi
BACKGROUND: Primary aldosteronism (PA) causes excess left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction; whether this occurs also in secondary aldosteronism (SA) without hypertension is unknown. We investigated the cardiac modifications in patients with preserved LV ejection fraction who had PA or SA. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured several Doppler echocardiography-derived variables, including tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) parameters and strain rate analysis, in 262 patients with PA, 117 with SA because of liver cirrhosis, and in 61 control healthy subjects...
June 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075496/diastolic-dysfunction-in-cirrhosis
#10
Søren Møller, Signe Wiese, Hanne Halgreen, Jens D Hove
Development of esophageal varices, ascites, and hepatic nephropathy is among the major complications of cirrhosis. The presence of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, which includes a left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (DD), seems to deteriorate the course of the disease and the prognosis. Increased stiffness of the cirrhotic heart may decrease the compliance and result in DD. The prevalence of DD in cirrhotic patients averages about 50 %. It can be evaluated by transmitral Doppler echocardiography, tissue Doppler echocardiography, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging...
September 2016: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26915857/diastolic-dysfunction-in-liver-cirrhosis-prognostic-predictor-in-liver-transplantation
#11
F Carvalheiro, C Rodrigues, T Adrego, J Viana, H Vieira, C Seco, L Pereira, F Pinto, A Eufrásio, C Bento, E Furtado
BACKGROUND: Patients with liver cirrhosis may develop cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CC), characterized by blunted contractile responsiveness to stress, diastolic dysfunction (DD), and electrophysiological abnormalities. It may adversely affect the long-term prognosis of these patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT) for cirrhosis from January 2012 to June 2015. We analyzed demographic characteristics, the etiology of cirrhosis, Child-Pugh and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores, the corrected QT (QTc) interval in the preoperative period, diastolic and systolic dysfunction, mortality and survival, and duration of mechanical ventilation and vasopressor support in the post-LT period...
January 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26850503/cardiac-manifestations-in-alcoholic-liver-disease
#12
REVIEW
Sandra Milić, Davorka Lulić, Davor Štimac, Alen Ružić, Luka Zaputović
Alcoholic liver disease is the most prevalent cause of progressive liver disease in Europe. Alcoholic cirrhosis occurs in 8%-20% of cases of alcoholic liver disease. It has significant influence on cardiovascular system and haemodynamics through increased heart rate, cardiac output, decreased systemic vascular resistance, arterial pressure and plasma volume expansion. Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is characterised by systolic and diastolic dysfunction and electrophysiological abnormalities, if no other underlying cardiac disease is present...
April 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26839643/cirrhotic-cardiomyopathy-isn-t-stress-evaluation-always-required-for-the-diagnosis
#13
Mara Barbosa, Joana Guardado, Carla Marinho, Bruno Rosa, Isabel Quelhas, António Lourenço, José Cotter
AIM: To describe the proportion of patients with cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM) evaluated by stress echocardiography and investigating its association with the severity of liver disease. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Cirrhotic patients without risk factors for cardiovascular disease were included. Data regarding etiology and severity of liver disease (Child-Pugh score and model for end-stage liver disease), presence of ascites and gastroesophageal varices, pro-brain natriuretic peptide (pro-BNP) and corrected QT (QTc) interval were collected...
January 28, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26556983/cirrhotic-cardiomyopathy
#14
REVIEW
Luis Ruiz-del-Árbol, Regina Serradilla
During the course of cirrhosis, there is a progressive deterioration of cardiac function manifested by the disappearance of the hyperdynamic circulation due to a failure in heart function with decreased cardiac output. This is due to a deterioration in inotropic and chronotropic function which takes place in parallel with a diastolic dysfunction and cardiac hypertrophy in the absence of other known cardiac disease. Other findings of this specific cardiomyopathy include impaired contractile responsiveness to stress stimuli and electrophysiological abnormalities with prolonged QT interval...
November 7, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26545992/evaluation-of-cardiac-systolic-function-in-cirrhotic-patients-undergoing-liver-transplantation
#15
Roya Sattarzadeh-Badkoubeh, Babak Geraiely, Mohssen Nassiri-Toosi, Ali Jafarian
We assessed different systolic cardiac indices to detect left and right ventricular systolic dysfunction in cirrhotic patients before liver transplantation. Between 2010-2011, 81 consecutive individuals with confirmed hepatic cirrhosis who were a candidate for liver transplantation were enrolled in this study. A total of 32 age and sex matched healthy volunteers were also selected as the control group. A detailed two-dimensional, Color Flow Doppler, and Tissue Doppler echocardiography were performed in all patients and control participants...
August 2015: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26462482/cardiac-abnormalities-in-cirrhotic-children-pre-and-post-liver-transplantation
#16
Khemika Khemakanok, Anant Khositseth, Suporn Treepongkaruna, Sumate Teeraratkul, Wichai Pansrimangkorn, Surasak Leelaudomlipi, Uthen Bunmee, Suthus Sriphojanart
BACKGROUND/AIM: Liver cirrhosis is associated with several cardiac abnormalities. There have been few studies of these abnormalities in cirrhotic children post-liver transplantation (LT). The purpose of this study was to evaluate cardiac abnormalities in cirrhotic children pre- and post-LT. METHODS: All cirrhotic children <15 years of age on a waiting list for LT underwent pre-LT echocardiography to evaluate left ventricular (LV) dimension, mass, and function...
May 2016: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26304615/a-detailed-evaluation-of-cardiac-function-in-cirrhotic-patients-and-its-alteration-with-or-without-liver-transplantation
#17
Yan Chen, Albert C Chan, See-Ching Chan, Siu-Ho Chok, William Sharr, James Fung, Ju-Hua Liu, Zhe Zhen, Wai-Ching Sin, Chung-Mau Lo, Hung-Fat Tse, Kai-Hang Yiu
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis has been shown to be associated with left ventricular (LV) myocardial dysfunction, but studies of right ventricular (RV) function in cirrhotic patients compared with controls are scarce. Limited studies have prospectively evaluated the progression of myocardial function in patients with cirrhosis and assessed changes in cardiac function following liver transplantation (LTx). So the aim of the study was to evaluate biventricular myocardial function in cirrhotic patients and its alteration with or without liver transplantation...
February 2016: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26202764/diastolic-cardiac-dysfunction-is-a-predictor-of-dismal-prognosis-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#18
Dimitrios S Karagiannakis, Jiannis Vlachogiannakos, Georgios Anastasiadis, Irini Vafiadis-Zouboulis, Spiros D Ladas
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) constitutes the prominent characteristic of cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, but its relevance on the clinical course of cirrhotic patients has not been clearly defined. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship of LVDD with the severity and etiology of liver disease and to investigate whether it affects the outcome of cirrhotic patients. METHODS: Cardiac function of 45 cirrhotics was studied by a tissue Doppler imaging echocardiography...
October 2014: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26174780/left-ventricular-myocardial-mechanics-in-cirrhosis-a-speckle-tracking-echocardiographic-study
#19
Efstathios D Pagourelias, Panagiota Sotiriou, Christodoulos E Papadopoulos, Evaggelos Cholongitas, Olga Giouleme, Vassilios Vassilikos
Cirrhosis is commonly associated with impaired left ventricular (LV) myocardial contractile reserve to stress and diastolic dysfunction. The aim of this study was to assess LV systolic performance at rest, using both "standard" echocardiographic indices and novel deformation-rotational parameters, in order to elucidate the pathophysiologic basis of cardiac dysfunction in cirrhosis. Seventy-seven men with cirrhosis (mean age 54.4 ± 9.7) of variable Child-Pugh class (A, B, C) and 20 healthy control subjects were prospectively evaluated by standard as well as speckle tracking echocardiography...
February 2016: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26130422/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-impact-of-diastolic-dysfunction-on-one-year-mortality-after-transjugular-intrahepatic-porto-systemic-shunt-liver-transplantation-and-non-transplant-abdominal-surgery-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#20
Majumder Shounak, Rabdiya Vimal, Swales Colin, Silverman David I
BACKGROUND: The incidence of diastolic dysfunction (DD) approaches 40% in patients with cirrhosis. However, the clinical impact of DD remains a subject of considerable debate. Surgery in patients with cirrhosis is innately hazardous. Diastolic heart failure has been linked to increased mortality after transjugular intrahepatic porto-systemic shunt surgery (TIPSS). To date, none of the commonly accepted preoperative risk assessment models applied to patients with liver disease incorporates DD...
July 2015: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
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