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Foramen transversarium

Yet Yen Yan, Jenn Nee Khoo, Tien Jin Tan, Joe Francis, Le Roy Chong, Elizabeth Hui-Ying Chan
PURPOSE: To review the errors made by radiology trainees in the reporting of cervical spine CTs (CCT) and to compare the discrepancy rates between the stages of training. METHODS: All CCTs reported by trainees after office hours between January 2015 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed by a team of five musculoskeletal consultants with experience ranging between 7 and 15 years. Discrepancies between the provisional report by the trainee and the findings by the musculoskeletal consultants were graded according to the RADPEER scoring system...
March 14, 2018: Emergency Radiology
Aristeidis Zibis, Vasileios Mitrousias, Nikolaos Galanakis, Nikoletta Chalampalaki, Dimitrios Arvanitis, Apostolos Karantanas
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine variations of the foramen transversarium and the vertebral artery in computed tomography angiographies (CTa) of the cervical spine, investigate their coexistence, and present possible considerations regarding such variations in spine surgical procedures. METHODS: Fifty CTa of the neck were retrospectively reviewed. Transverse and anteroposterior diameter of the foramen and diameter of the vertebral artery were measured...
February 17, 2018: European Spine Journal
Ayfer Metin Tellioglu, Yasemin Durum, Mustafa Gok, Ayse Gizem Polat, Can Zafer Karaman, Sacide Karakas
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the size and variations of the foramen transversarium (TF). In addition, to study the anatomical variations of vertebral artery entering the transverse foramen of the cervical vertebrae. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The images of 141 (90 males, 51 females) patients aged between 18-79 years (mean: 52.7 years) were analyzed. As a result, 987 cervical spines (C1-C7) and 1974 foramen transversariums were individually evaluated...
September 26, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
Amro F Al-Habib, Abdulkarim Al-Rabie, Sami Aleissa, Abdulrahman Albakr, Abdulaziz Abobotain
STUDY DESIGN: This was an interventional human cadaver study and radiological study. OBJECTIVES: Atlas instrumentation is frequently involved in fusion procedures involving the craniocervical junction area. Identification of the entry point at the center of atlas lateral mass (ALM) is challenging because of its rounded posterior surface and the surrounding venous plexus. This report examines using the medial edge of atlas posterior arch (MEC1) as a fixed and reliable anatomic reference to guide the entry point of ALM screws...
April 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
Ehab Mohamed Eissa, Mohamed Mohi Eldin
OBJECT: Atlantoaxial instability with irreducible odontoid process is one of the challenges in spine surgery. These lesions are commonly treated through anterior transoral approach which is followed by posterior atlantoaxial fusion. However, there are still many limitations, especially cerebrospinal fluid fistula with subsequent life-threatening infection, difficulty in cases with limited opening of mouth due to temporomandibular arthritis or anomalies of naso-oropharynx. Türe et al...
January 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
Rajani Singh
Though the variations of vertebral artery are clinically asymptomatic yet abnormalities are of diagnostic importance either prior to vascular surgery in the neck region or in patients of intravascular diseases such as arteriovenous malformations or cerebral aneurysms. Therefore, the aim of the study is to bring out 2 variations in the configuration of vertebral artery and their clinical implication. During dissection of thorax of 2 female cadavers, 2 different variants of configurations of left vertebral arteries were observed...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Michael A Cohen, Alexander I Evins, Gennaro Lapadula, Leopold Arko, Philip E Stieg, Antonio Bernardo
OBJECTIVE The rectus capitis lateralis (RCL) is a small posterior cervical muscle that originates from the transverse process of C-1 and inserts onto the jugular process of the occipital bone. The authors describe the RCL and its anatomical relationships, and discuss its utility as a surgical landmark for safe exposure of the jugular foramen in extended or combined skull base approaches. In addition, the condylar triangle is defined as a landmark for localizing the vertebral artery (VA) and occipital condyle...
December 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
Fumihiro Arizumi, Shinichi Inoue, Toshiya Tachibana, Keishi Maruo, Shinichi Yoshiya
RATIONALE: Although cervical foreign bodies have been previously reported, the report of a needle in the cervical spinal cord is rare. Herein, we report a rare case of a sewing needle in contact with the cervical dura mater and vertebral artery. PATIENTS CONCERNS: A 47-year-old man presented with discomfort in the posterior region of his neck. Approximately 2 years before admission, he suffered a stiff neck and had stabbed the posterior region of his neck with a sewing needle...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xiao Wu, Ajay Malhotra, Howard P Forman, Diego Nunez, Pina Sanelli
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is uncommon, but delayed detection can have disastrous consequences. The Denver criteria are the most commonly used screening criteria. We aim to examine the utilization of screening criteria in the emergency department (ED) of our institution and assess whether patients with risk factors were imaged. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey questionnaire was sent out to radiologists in a large academic institution...
April 2017: Academic Radiology
Slobodan Marinkovic, Ivan Milić, Igor Djorić, Luciano Brigante, Aleksandar Miljatović, Laslo Puškaš, Slobodan Kapor, Jelena Boljanović
BACKGROUND: Detailed study of the craniovertebral junction (CVJ) is necessary to completely understand the mechanism of its flexion and extension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One cadaver head was sectioned in the sagittal plane. Also, in 22 volunteers, examined using the multislice computerized tomography (MSCT), 14 parameters and 2 angles were measured in the neutral position, flexion and extension. RESULTS: The obtained measurements showed the anterior part of the occiput to move inferiorly in flexion, and the anterior atlas arch and the tip of the dens to get closer to the basion...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Aristeidis H Zibis, Vasileios Mitrousias, Kyriaki Baxevanidou, Michael Hantes, Theofilos Karachalios, Dimitrios Arvanitis
PURPOSE: To describe certain anatomical variations of the foramen transversarium, in spine cervical vertebrae in a contemporary specimen of an Indo-European population and approach their clinical importance during cervical spine surgery. METHODS: 102 cervical vertebrae (C2 -C7 ) from 17 different skeletons, intact without any degenerative or traumatic disorders, which belonged to the collection of the Department of Anatomy, were examined. The age of specimens at the time of their death was between 25 and 65 years...
December 2016: European Spine Journal
Avijit Sarkari, Pankaj K Singh, Ashok K Mahapatra
The vertebral arteries are rarely injured in penetrating neck trauma due to their deep location in the foramen transversarium. These injuries in isolation are not associated with neurological deficits or ischemic changes on radiology as the collaterals are usually sufficient. We report a case of fatal unilateral vertebral artery stab injury leading to bilateral cerebellar and brainstem infarction. The carotid Doppler ruled out the presence of any carotid artery injury. Life-threatening injuries are possible in the presence of hypoplastic contralateral vertebral artery or inadequate flow from the anterior circulation not making up for the deficit...
July 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Adeel Husain, Yusuf T Akpolat, Daniel K Palmer, David Rios, Kevin R Criswell, Wayne K Cheng
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to describe a technique for percutaneous cervical transfacet screw placement and compare this technique to the open technique with regard to the accuracy of facet capture and the potential of placing neurovascular structures at risk. METHODS Eight cadaveric cervical spines were harvested. One side of each spine was assigned to the percutaneous group, and the other side to the open group. The spines were instrumented from C-3 to T-1 (80 screws). The distance to the spinal canal, foramen transversarium, and neural foramen were measured to determine the likelihood of placing neurovascular structures at risk...
October 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
François Lucas, David Mitton, Bertrand Frechede, Cédric Barrey
INTRODUCTION: The Harms technique is now considered as the gold standard to stabilize C1-C2 cervical spine. It has been reported to decrease the risk of vertebral artery injury. However, the risk of vascular injury does not totally disappear, particularly due to the proximity of the trans-isthmic C2 screw with the foramen transversarium of C2. In order to decrease this risk of vertebral artery injury, it has been proposed to use a shorter screw which stops before the foramen transversarium...
October 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Laxminadh Sivaraju, Sunithi Mani, Krishna Prabhu, Roy Thomas Daniel, Ari George Chacko
PURPOSE: To describe vertebral artery (VA) course at the C0-C1-C2 complex in patients with congenital bony craniovertebral junction (CVJ) anomalies. METHODS: We studied the course of 169 VAs in 86 patients with congenital bony CVJ anomalies [basilar invagination (42), os odontoideum (33), and irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation (11)]. Occipitalized atlas occurred in 41 patients (30 complete and 11 partial). Using axial, coronal and sagittal three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) angiograms, we traced the VA bilaterally at the CVJ and correlated the course to the presence or absence of occipitalization of the atlas...
April 2017: European Spine Journal
Nicholas Post, Qais Naziri, Colin S Cooper, Robert Pivec, Carl B Paulino
OBJECTIVE: To present a case report of the correction of a degenerative cervical 45-degree kyphosis centered at C4 with a single stage PSO. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Correction of a fixed cervical kyphosis is a surgical challenge that is frequently managed with a combination of anterior and posterior surgical procedures. An alternative the three stage operation is a single stage pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). A PSO releases the posterior, middle and anterior columns of the spine by resecting the facet joints, pedicles, and a portion of the vertebral body at the apex of a kyphosis through a posterior approach...
2015: International Journal of Spine Surgery
K Venugopal Menon, Sawsan Taif
OBJECTIVE: To study the precise location of fracture line in hangman's fracture to determine the fracture patterns, symmetry and involvement of different vertebral elements. METHODS: 32 cases of hangman's fractures were retrospectively evaluated. All patients presented with motor vehicle accidents. CT scans were studied to accurately localize the fracture lines. Symmetry of fracture lines on both sides was assessed, and involvement of the vertebral bodies, lamina, facet joints and foramen transversarium was also determined...
2016: British Journal of Radiology
Santosh Kaur Sangari, Paul-Michel Dossous, Thomas Heineman, Estomih Phillip Mtui
The study was conducted on random sample of seventy-one dried, typical cervical vertebrae (C3-C6). The data on the age, sex, and built was not available. Using vernier calipers with 0.01 mm accuracy, the anteroposterior and transverse diameters of transverse foramina and their distance from the medial margin of the uncinate process were measured bilaterally. The mean diameter of the right/left transverse foramen varied from 2.54 mm to 7.79 mm (mean = 5.55 ± 0.87 mm) and from 2.65 mm to 7.35 mm (mean = 5...
2015: Anatomy Research International
Valentina Giuffra, Andrea Montella, Eugenia Tognotti, Marco Milanese, Pasquale Bandiera
STUDY DESIGN: A paleopathological case of posterior arch defect of the atlas associated to the absence of costal element of the foramen transversarium. OBJECTIVE: In living patients as well as in postmortem analysis it should be difficult to distinguish between a congenital and an acquired anomaly. Any anomaly in the anatomy of atlas should be taken into consideration by clinicians, surgeons, radiologists, and anatomists in order to avoid misinterpretations and clinical complications...
January 2016: Spine
Jayesh Sardhara, Sanjay Behari, B Madan Mohan, Awadhesh K Jaiswal, Rabi N Sahu, Arun Srivastava, Anant Mehrotra, Hira Lal
CONTEXT: Variability in dimensions and course of vertebral artery (VA) makes it vulnerable to injury during surgery for congenital atlanto-axial dislocation (AAD) with or without an occipitalized atlas. AIMS: This prospective study attempts to define anatomical variations that render VA at the craniovertebral junction (CVJ) vulnerable to injury during transoral decompression and posterior stabilization procedures; and, to propose a classification that helps in preoperative risk stratification...
May 2015: Neurology India
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