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Transverse abdominis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770501/correlation-between-cycling-power-and-muscle-thickness-in-cyclists
#1
Hyung-Jin Lee, Kang-Woo Lee, Yong-Woo Lee, Hee-Jin Kim
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between muscle thickness (MT) and cycling power in varsity cyclists using ultrasonography (US) and to identify any differences in MT between short- and long-distance cyclists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve cyclists participated in this study. Real-time two-dimensional B-mode US was used to measure the MT in the anterior thigh, anterior lower leg, and trunk, especially in the abdominal and lumbar regions...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718895/long-term-outcomes-of-patients-with-breast-cancer-after-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-skin-sparing-mastectomy-followed-by-immediate-transverse-rectus-abdominis-musculocutaneous-flap-reconstruction-comparison-with-conventional-mastectomy-in-a-single-center-study
#2
Sae Byul Lee, Jong Won Lee, Hee Jeong Kim, Beom Seok Ko, Byung Ho Son, Jin Sup Eom, Taik Jong Lee, Sei-Hyun Ahn
To evaluate the oncological outcomes of patients with breast cancer after nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM)/skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM), followed by immediate reconstruction, as compared to conventional mastectomy (CM).SSM/NSM has been increasingly used to treat women with breast cancer who wish to preserve the overlying breast skin, but concern exist regarding its oncological safety due to the potential for residual breast tissue. We report our experience performing SSM/NSM for breast cancer treatment compared to CM with a long follow-up period...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707608/intestinal-perforation-after-surgical-treatment-for-incisional-hernia-iatrogenic-or-idiopathic
#3
V Amorosi, B Longo, M Sorotos, G Firmani, F D'Angelo, F Santanelli di Pompeo
Intestinal perforation (IP) is a life-threatening gastroenterological condition requiring urgent surgical care, which may present itself as an uncommon complication following incisional hernia repair surgery, most often because of iatrogenic traumatism occurring during the procedure. However, we report a case where a spontaneous onset can be hypothesised. A 60-years-old patient underwent repair of an abdominal laparocele, through rectus abdominis muscle plasty, 5 years after development of an incisional hernia due to exploratory laparotomy for the treatment of acute appendicitis...
2018: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696110/subcostal-transverse-abdominis-plane-block-for-acute-pain-management-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Jose M Soliz, Ian Lipski, Shannon Hancher-Hodges, Barbra Bryce Speer, Keyuri Popat
The subcostal transverse abdominis plane (SCTAP) block is the deposition of local anesthetic in the transverse abdominis plane inferior and parallel to the costal margin. There is a growing consensus that the SCTAP block provides better analgesia for upper abdominal incisions than the traditional transverse abdominis plane block. In addition, when used as part of a four-quadrant transverse abdominis plane block, the SCTAP block may provide adequate analgesia for major abdominal surgery. The purpose of this review is to discuss the SCTAP block, including its indications, technique, local anesthetic solutions, and outcomes...
October 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659449/evolution-in-monitoring-of-free-flap-autologous-breast-reconstruction-after-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-is-there-a-best-way
#5
Jordan D Frey, John T Stranix, Michael V Chiodo, Michael Alperovich, Christina Y Ahn, Robert J Allen, Mihye Choi, Nolan S Karp, Jamie P Levine
BACKGROUND: Free flap monitoring in autologous reconstruction after nipple-sparing mastectomy remains controversial. The authors therefore examined outcomes in nipple-sparing mastectomy with buried free flap reconstruction versus free flap reconstruction incorporating a monitoring skin paddle. METHODS: Autologous free flap reconstructions with nipple-sparing mastectomy performed from 2006 to 2015 were identified. Demographics and operative results were analyzed and compared between buried flaps and those with a skin paddle for monitoring...
May 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649061/anatomical-consideration-for-the-safe-elevation-of-the-deep-circumflex-iliac-artery-in-the-flap-surgery
#6
Kang-Jae Shin, Shin-Hyo Lee, Ki-Seok Koh, Wu-Chul Song
BACKGROUND: Deep circumflex iliac artery (DCIA) osteocutaneous flap transfer was frequently applied to large defects in the maxillary and mandible regions, but the utilization rate has gradually decreased due to the complicated anatomy of the DCIA. This study investigated the comprehensive anatomy of the DCIA in relation to flap surgery with the aim of providing navigational guidelines for safe DCIA harvesting. METHODS: Sixty-two sides of the hemiabdominal wall were dissected in fixed Korean cadavers...
March 29, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623143/efficacy-of-nalbuphine-with-flurbiprofen-on-multimodal-analgesia-with-transverse-abdominis-plane-block-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-open-gastrointestinal-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-double-blinded-trial
#7
Yu Mao, Yuanyuan Cao, Bin Mei, Lijian Chen, Xuesheng Liu, Zhi Zhang, Erwei Gu
Objective: To assess different doses of nalbuphine with flurbiprofen compared to sufentanil with flurbiprofen in multimodal analgesia efficacy for elderly patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery with a transverse abdominis plane block (TAPB). Methods: 158 elderly patients scheduling for elective open gastrointestinal surgery under general anesthesia and TAPB were randomly assigned to four groups according to different doses of nalbuphine with flurbiprofen in postoperative intravenous analgesia (PCIA)...
2018: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620551/practical-applications-of-delayed-immediate-autologous-breast-reconstruction-a-flexible-and-safe-operative-strategy
#8
Gloria R Sue, Arhana Chattopadhyay, Chao Long, Eva A Huis in 't Veld, Gordon K Lee
BACKGROUND: Timing is an important consideration in patients undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer. While immediate reconstruction results in superior aesthetic outcomes, the need for postmastectomy radiation can often only be ascertained after review of surgical pathology. Delayed-immediate autologous reconstruction (DIAR) is a reconstructive approach that consists of mastectomy with tissue expander placement in the first stage and flap-based breast reconstruction in the second stage...
May 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605459/postoperative-analgesic-efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric-nerve-block-compared-with-medial-transverse-abdominis-plane-block-in-inguinal-hernia-repair-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#9
Nidhi Bhatia, Indu Mohini Sen, Banashree Mandal, Ankita Batra
PURPOSE: Analgesic efficacy of ultrasound-guided transverse abdominis plane block, administered a little more medially, just close to theorigin of the transverse abdominis muscle has not yet been investigated in patients undergoing unilateral inguinal hernia repair. We hypothesised that medial transverse abdominis plane block would provide comparable postoperative analgesia to ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric nerve block in inguinal hernia repair patients. METHODS: This prospective, randomised trial was conducted in 50 ASA I and II male patients ≥ 18 years of age...
March 29, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581659/effects-of-stabilization-exercise-using-flexi-bar-on-functional-disability-and-transverse-abdominis-thickness-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#10
Sin Ho Chung, Young Youl You, Hyung Jin Lee, Sang Hyo Sim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of lumbar stabilization exercises using flexi-bar (FB) on pain, functional disability, transverse abdominis muscle (TrA) activation capacity and thickness in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-seven patients were randomly assigned to an experimental (14 patients performing stabilization exercises with flexi-bar (FB)) or control (13 patients performing stabilization exercises) group. The patients in both groups then underwent stabilization exercises with or without FB 30 min/day, 3 times a week, for 6 weeks...
March 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559203/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-ponies-a-preliminary-anatomical-study
#11
Caroline F Baldo, Daniel Almeida, Erin Wendt-Hornickle, Alonso Guedes
OBJECTIVE: To describe a single-site transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block technique in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive, experimental anatomical study. ANIMALS: Four adult pony cadavers. METHODS: Freshly euthanized ponies were positioned in dorsal recumbency. A 6-13 MHz linear ultrasonic probe was used to scan the abdominal wall bilaterally midway between the last rib and iliac crest in search of the TAP location...
February 7, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520501/feasibility-study-of-contralateral-risk-reducing-mastectomy-with-breast-reconstruction-for-breast-cancer-patients-with-brca-mutations-in-japan
#12
Akiyo Yoshimura, Seiko Okumura, Masataka Sawaki, Masaya Hattori, Junko Ishiguro, Yayoi Adachi, Haruru Kotani, Naomi Gondo, Ayumi Kataoka, Madoka Iwase, Sakura Onishi, Kayoko Sugino, Mitsuo Terada, Nanae Horisawa, Makiko Mori, Nobue Takaiso, Ikuo Hyodo, Hiroji Iwata
BACKGROUND: Contralateral risk-reducing mastectomy (CRRM) for breast cancer patients with BRCA mutations has been reported to not only reduce breast cancer incidence but also to improve survival. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines recommend providing CRRM to women with BRCA mutations who desire CRRM after risk-reduction counseling. However, in Japan, CRRM cannot be performed generally because it is not covered by health insurance. Thus, we conducted a feasibility study to confirm the safety of CRRM...
March 8, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482405/ultrasound-measurement-of-abdominal-muscles-during-clinical-isometric-endurance-tests-in-women-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#13
Shabnam ShahAli, Amir Massoud Arab, Esmaeil Ebrahimi, Shiva ShahAli, Nahid Rahmani, Hossein Negahban, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Andia Bahmani
PURPOSE: The present study investigated group differences between the thickness changes of the transverse abdominis (TrA), internal oblique (IO), and external oblique (EO) muscles, during performance of the isometric supine chest raise and the supine double leg-straight leg raise tests in women with and without low back pain (LBP). METHOD: Twenty women with LBP and 20 women without LBP participated in this case-control study. The thickness of the right TrA, IO, and EO muscles was measured using B-mode ultrasound (US) at rest, immediately at the beginning of performing the tests and when participants in both groups self-reported fatigue...
February 26, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476713/best-core-stabilization-for-anticipatory-postural-adjustment-and-falls-in-hemiparetic-stroke
#14
Nam G Lee, Joshua Sung H You, Chung H Yi, Hye S Jeon, Bong S Choi, Dong R Lee, Jae M Park, Tae H Lee, In T Ryu, Hyun S Yoon
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of conventional core stabilization and dynamic neuromuscular stabilization (DNS) on anticipatory postural adjustment (APA) time, balance performance, and fear of falls in chronic hemiparetic stroke. DESIGN: Two-group randomized controlled trial with pretest-posttest design. SETTING: Hospital rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with chronic hemiparetic stroke (N=28). INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly divided into either conventional core stabilization (n=14) or DNS (n=14) groups...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451331/sliding-free-transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-flap-for-closure-of-a-massive-abdominal-wall-defect-a-case-report
#15
Annika Senghaas, Thomas Kremer, Volker J Schmidt, Leila Harhaus, Christoph Hirche, Ulrich Kneser, Amir K Bigdeli
Despite considerable advances in reconstructive surgery, massive abdominal wall defects continue to pose a significant surgical challenge. We report the case of a 72-year-old morbidly obese female patient with Clostridium septicum-related gas gangrene of the abdominal wall. After multidisciplinary treatment and multiple extensive debridements, a massive full-thickness defect (40 cm × 35 cm) of the right abdominal wall was present. The abdominal contents were covered with a resorbable mesh to prevent evisceration...
February 16, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395822/utilization-of-transverse-abdominis-plexus-block-for-treatment-of-heartmate-ii-left-ventricular-assist-device-associated-pain-a-case-report
#16
Antonio Hernandez Conte, Jennifer Hajj, Stephen X Yang, Elizabeth Passano, Heather Barone, Dhilan A Thuraisingham, Jaime Moriguchi, Jon Kobashigawa, Francisco Arabia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369111/the-impact-of-perioperative-hormonal-therapy-for-breast-cancer-on-transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-flap-abdominal-complications
#17
Katherine M Huber, Eric Clayman, Ambuj Kumar, Paul Smith
BACKGROUND: The pedicled transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap is a reliable reconstructive option in breast cancer patients; however, it carries known risk of donor site hernia formation. Some hormonal therapy drugs have been associated with hernia formation in animal models. Minimal data exist concerning impact of hormonal therapy for breast cancer on abdominal donor site complications after breast reconstruction. METHODS: Patients who underwent TRAM flap for breast cancer or high-risk status at a single institution by the senior author from 2003 to 2015 were identified...
January 24, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369109/is-unipedicled-transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-flap-obsolete-owing-to-superiority-of-diep-flap
#18
Mark M Leyngold
BACKGROUND: Pedicled transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap was developed by Hartrampf in 1982 for breast reconstruction. Since deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap was popularized, it has become the criterion standard for abdominally based breast reconstruction owing to its low donor site morbidity, excellent cosmetic outcomes, and high success rates. The purpose of this review is to determine if a unilateral pedicle TRAM flap has become obsolete to DIEP flap...
January 24, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369108/safety-of-microsurgery-under-loupes-versus-microscope-a-head-to-head-comparison-of-2-surgeons-with-similar-experiences
#19
Tosan Ehanire, Dhruv Singhal, Bruce Mast, Mark Leyngold
BACKGROUND: Microsurgery is performed using either the operating microscope or loupe magnification. Use of the operating microscope is considered the "criterion standard"; however, loupes are emerging as a safe and reliable technique to perform microsurgery. The purpose of this study was to analyze the safety of microsurgery under loupe magnification compared with the microscope. Previous studies discussing the safety of loupe magnification during microsurgery have been published; however, this is the first study to compare free flap outcomes from 2 surgeons at the same institution, each using their respective technique...
January 24, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305784/preventing-parastomal-hernia-with-modified-stapled-mesh-stoma-reinforcement-technique-smart-in-patients-who-underwent-surgery-for-rectal-cancer-a-case-control-study
#20
A E Canda, C Terzi, C Agalar, T Egeli, C Arslan, C Altay, F Obuz
PURPOSE: Parastomal hernia is a frequent complication of an abdominal wall stoma. Surgical repairs have high complication and recurrence rates. Several different techniques have been suggested to prevent parastomal hernia during stoma creation. The aim of the present case-control study was to evaluate the efficacy of modified Stapled Mesh stomA Reinforcement Technique (SMART) for prevention of parastomal hernia compared with conventional colostomy formation in patients who underwent open or laparoscopic rectal resection and end colostomy for cancer...
April 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
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