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Musculoskeletal injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908650/musculoskeletal-conditions-in-a-pediatric-population-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#1
Courtney M Stern, Michael J Pepin, Joan M Stoler, Dennis E Kramer, Samantha A Spencer, Cynthia J Stein
OBJECTIVE: To describe musculoskeletal conditions in children with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective medical record review was performed, which evaluated 205 patients with EDS (ages 6-19 years) seen in sports medicine or orthopedic clinic at a large pediatric hospital over a 5-year period. RESULTS: Female (n = 147) and male (n = 57) patients were identified (mean age 12.7 years). The most common EDS subtype (55...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904757/brain-hemorrhage-after-electrical-burn-injury-case-report-and-probable-mechanism
#2
Gutierrez Aceves Guillermo Axayacalt, Ceja Espinosa Alejandro, Rios Alanis Marcos, Ruiz Flores Milton Inocencio, Herrera Gonzalez Jose Alfredo
BACKGROUND: High-voltage electric injury may induce lesion in different organs. In addition to the local tissue damage, electrical injuries may lead to neurological deficits, musculoskeletal damage, and cardiovascular injury. Severe vascular damage may occur making the blood vessels involved prone to thrombosis and spontaneous rupture. CASE DESCRIPTION: Here, we present the case of a 39-year-old male who suffered an electrical burn with high tension wire causing intracranial bleeding...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903159/recognition-and-treatment-of-central-sensitization-in-chronic-pain-patients-not-limited-to-specialized-care
#3
Jo Nijs, Dorien Goubert, Kelly Ickmans
Modern pain neuroscience has substantially improved our understanding of the (development of) chronic musculoskeletal pain. The time has come for orthopaedic and sports physical therapists to implement modern pain neuroscience in specialized, but definitely also in primary, care settings, including the role of central sensitization (CS) in amplifying and explaining the presence of the pain experience. Central sensitization dominates the clinical picture in a subgroup of the musculoskeletal pain population, ranging from tennis elbow over shoulder pain to osteoarthritis and whiplash...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900289/deducing-a-mechanism-of-all-musculoskeletal-injuries
#4
Geoffrey Verrall, Bronwyn Dolman
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries is not well understood. This research applies principles of elastic motion to the anatomy and movement patterns of MSK structures. From this an insight into the application and timing of forces on MSK structures can be established and the mechanism/s of injury derived. METHODS CURRENT KNOWLEDGE: All MSK structures demonstrate varying degrees of elasticity. Movement occurs primarily as a consequence of Muscle Tendon Unit (MTU) shortening...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899377/soft-tissue-injuries-are-still-a-challenge-in-musculoskeletal-sports-and-exercise-medicine
#5
EDITORIAL
Nikos Malliaropoulos, Mourad Ghrairi, Yacine Zerguini, Nat Padhiar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892880/mri-cross-sectional-atlas-of-normal-canine-cervical-musculoskeletal-structure
#6
M Alizadeh, C Zindl, M J Allen, G G Knapik, N Fitzpatrick, W S Marras
Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been increasingly used as a diagnostic tool for cervical spine injuries in canines, a comprehensive normal MRI anatomy of the canine cervical spine muscles is lacking. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to build a magnetic resonance imaging atlas of the normal cross sectional anatomy of the muscles of the canine cervical spine. MRI scans were performed on a canine cadaver using a combination of T1 and T2-weighted images in the transverse, sagittal and dorsal planes acquired at a slice thickness of 1mm...
September 30, 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891243/a-comprehensive-musculoskeletal-and-peripheral-nervous-system-assessment-of-war-related-bilateral-upper-extremity-amputees
#7
Mostafa Allami, Batool Mousavi, Mehdi Masoumi, Ehsan Modirian, Hadi Shojaei, Fatemeh Mirsalimi, Maryam Hosseini, Pirouz Pirouzi
BACKGROUND: Upper limb amputations are one of the unpleasant war injuries that armed forces are exposed to frequently. The present study aimed to assess the musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous systems in Iraq-Iran war veterans with bilateral upper extremity amputation. METHODS: The study consisted of taking a history and clinical examinations including demographic data, presence and location of pain, level of amputation, passive and active ranges of movement of the joints across the upper and lower extremities and spine, manual palpation, neurological examination, blood circulation pulses and issues related to a prosthetic limb...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890132/the-stage-of-change-approach-for-implementing-ergonomics-advice-translating-research-into-practice
#8
Paul Rothmore, Paul Aylward, Jodi Oakman, David Tappin, Jodi Gray, Jonathan Karnon
The Stage of Change (SOC) approach has been proposed as a method to improve the implementation of ergonomics advice. However, despite evidence for its efficacy there is little evidence to suggest it has been adopted by ergonomics consultants. This paper investigates barriers and facilitators to the implementation, monitoring and effectiveness of ergonomics advice and the adoption of the SOC approach in a series of focus groups and a subsequent survey of members of the Human Factors Societies of Australia and New Zealand...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884941/developing-predictive-models-for-return-to-work-using-the-military-power-performance-and-prevention-mp3-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-algorithm-a-study-protocol-for-an-injury-risk-assessment-programme
#9
Daniel I Rhon, Deydre S Teyhen, Scott W Shaffer, Stephen L Goffar, Kyle Kiesel, Phil P Plisky
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are a primary source of disability in the US Military, and low back pain and lower extremity injuries account for over 44% of limited work days annually. History of prior musculoskeletal injury increases the risk for future injury. This study aims to determine the risk of injury after returning to work from a previous injury. The objective is to identify criteria that can help predict likelihood for future injury or re-injury. METHODS: There will be 480 active duty soldiers recruited from across four medical centres...
November 24, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881384/excess-stress-fractures-musculoskeletal-injuries-and-health-care-utilization-among-unfit-and-overweight-female-army-trainees
#10
Margot R Krauss, Nadia U Garvin, Michael R Boivin, David N Cowan
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are prevalent among military trainees and certain occupations. Fitness and body mass index (BMI) have been associated with musculoskeletal conditions, including stress fractures. HYPOTHESIS: The incidence of, and excess health care utilization for, stress fracture and non-stress fracture overuse musculoskeletal injuries during the first 6 months of service is higher among unfit female recruits. Those who exceeded body fat limits are at a greater risk of incident stress fractures, injuries, or health care utilization compared with weight-qualified recruits...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876238/thermography-examination-of-abdominal-area-skin-temperatures-in-individuals-with-and-without-focal-onset-epilepsy
#11
Hollis H King, Charles Thomas Cayce, Jeph Herrin
: Early osteopathic theory and practice, and the work of the medical intuitive Edgar Cayce suggested that the abdominal areas of individuals with epilepsy would manifest "cold spots." The etiology for this phenomenon was thought to be abdominal adhesions caused by inflammation and viscero-somatic reflexes caused by adhesions or injury to visceral or musculoskeletal system structures. Indeed, until that advent of electroencephalography in the 1930s, medical practice regarding epilepsy focused on abdominal neural and visceral structures...
October 21, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872744/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sporting activities can cause injuries and overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) in children have been shown to be more common than injuries caused by trauma. The lower extremity is more frequently affected than the upper extremity in OIE, but it is not known whether injury site and diagnosis vary in different sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses and anatomical areas most likely to be injured...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870697/functional-movement-screen-factorial-validity-and-measurement-invariance-across-sex-among-collegiate-student-athletes
#13
Stacy L Gnacinski, David J Cornell, Barbara B Meyer, Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Jennifer E Earl-Boehm
Gnacinski, SL, Cornell, DJ, Meyer, BB, Arvinen-Barrow, M, and Earl-Boehm, JE. Functional Movement Screen factorial validity and measurement invariance across sex among collegiate student-athletes. J Strength Cond Res 30(12): 3388-3395, 2016-The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a screening tool used to evaluate functional movement quality and subsequent musculoskeletal injury risk. Despite recent research on the factorial validity of the FMS, no confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) has been conducted to examine measurement invariance across sex among student-athletes...
December 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870667/the-role-of-dedicated-musculoskeletal-urgent-care-centers-in-reducing-cost-and-improving-access-to-orthopaedic-care
#14
Travis J Anderson, Peter L Althausen
OBJECTIVES: Over the past few years, the United States has seen the rapid growth of dedicated musculoskeletal urgent care centers owned and operated by individual orthopaedic practices. In June of 2014, our practice opened the first dedicated orthopaedic urgent care in the region staffed by physician assistants and supervised by orthopaedic surgeons. Our hypothesis is that such centers can safely improve orthopaedic care for ambulatory orthopaedic injuries, decrease volume for overburdened emergency departments (EDs), reduce wait times and significantly decrease the cost of care while improving access to orthopaedic specialists...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869527/impact-of-touring-performance-schedule-and-definitions-on-1-year-injury-rates-in-a-modern-dance-company
#15
Shaw Bronner, Lily Wood
There is ongoing debate about how to define injury in dance: the most encompassing one or a time-loss definition. We examined the relationship between touring, performance schedule and injury definition on injury rates in a professional modern dance company over one-year. In-house healthcare management tracked 35 dancers for work-related musculoskeletal injuries (WMSI), time-loss injuries (TLinj), complaints, and exposure. The year was divided into 6 segments to allow comparison of effects of performance, rehearsal, and touring...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868167/the-role-of-ugandan-district-hospital-orthopedic-units-in-the-care-of-vulnerable-road-users-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Dan K Kisitu, Lauren E Eyler, Isaac Kajja, Gonzaga Waiswa, Titus Beyeza, David R Ragland, Isabelle Feldhaus, Catherine Juillard, Rochelle A Dicker
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are a common cause of morbidity after road traffic injury (RTI) in motorizing countries. District hospitals provide front-line orthopedic care in Uganda and other sub-Saharan African nations. Improving care at the district hospital level is an important component of the World Health Organization's strategy for surgical and trauma systems strengthening, but the data necessary to inform RTI safety and care initiatives has previously been insufficient at the district hospital level...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863058/the-living-well-after-breast-cancer%C3%A2-pilot-trial-a-weight-loss-intervention-for-women-following-treatment-for-breast-cancer
#17
Marina Reeves, Elisabeth Winkler, Nicole Mccarthy, Sheleigh Lawler, Caroline Terranova, Sandi Hayes, Monika Janda, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Elizabeth Eakin
AIM: Obesity is associated with poor prognosis and risk of treatment side-effects in breast cancer survivors. This pilot study assessed the feasibility, acceptability, safety and efficacy of a telephone-delivered weight loss intervention, among women (BMI 25-40 kg/m(2) ) following treatment for stage I-III breast cancer, on weight loss (primary outcome), quality of life and treatment-related side-effects (vs usual care). METHODS: Ninety women (mean ± SD age: 55...
November 10, 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862236/allogeneic-mhc-mismatched-equine-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-are-targeted-for-death-by-cytotoxic-anti-mhc-antibodies
#18
A K Berglund, L V Schnabel
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising cell source for treating musculoskeletal injuries in horses. Controversy exists, however, over whether major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-mismatched MSCs are recognised by the recipient immune system and targeted for death by a cytotoxic antibody response. OBJECTIVES: To determine if cytotoxic anti-MHC antibodies generated in-vivo following MHC-mismatched MSC injections are capable of initiating complement-dependent cytotoxicity of MSCs...
November 10, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859527/gait-mechanics-and-second-acl-rupture-implications-for-delaying-return-to-sport
#19
Jacob J Capin, Ashutosh Khandha, Ryan Zarzycki, Kurt Manal, Thomas S Buchanan, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
Second anterior cruciate ligament rupture is a common and devastating injury among young women who return to sport after ACL reconstruction, but it is inadequately understood. The purpose of this study was to compare gait biomechanics and return-to-sport time frames in a matched cohort of young female athletes who, after primary ACLR, returned to sport without re-injury or sustained a second ACL injury. Approximately 6 months after primary reconstruction, 14 young women (age 16 ± 2 years) involved in jumping, cutting, and pivoting sports underwent motion analysis testing after physical therapy and impairment resolution...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855132/extremity-war-injuries-xi-maintaining-force-readiness-during-an-era-of-military-transition
#20
Col Jeffrey N Davila, Andrew H Schmidt
The symposium Extremity War Injuries XI focused on issues related to the transitions in medical care that are occurring as the focus of the war on terror changes. Titled "Maintaining Force Readiness During an Era of Military Transition," this year's symposium highlighted the results of Department of Defense-funded research in musculoskeletal injury, the evolution of combat casualty care, and the readiness of the fighting force. The issues highlighted related to the force readiness of both troops and their medical support as well as the maintenance of the combat care expertise that has been developed during the last decade of conflict...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
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