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Musculoskeletal injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244216/relationship-between-glenoid-deformity-and-gait-characteristics-in-a-rat-model-of-neonatal-brachial-plexus-injury
#1
Kelsey Hennen, Dustin L Crouch, Ian D Hutchinson, Zhongyu Li, Katherine Saul
Neonatal brachial plexus injury (NBPI) results in substantial postural and functional impairments associated with underlying muscular and osseous deformities. We examined the relationship between glenoid deformity severity and gait in a rat model of NBPI, an established model for studying the in vivo pathomechanics of NBPI. At 8 weeks post-operatively, we monitored the gait of twenty-four rat pups who exhibited varying degrees of glenoid deformity following unilateral brachial plexus neurectomy and chemodenervation interventions administered 5 days postnatal...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244044/examining-the-factor-structure-and-reliability-of-the-safe-patient-handling-perception-scale-an-initial-validation-study
#2
Regina White-Heisel, James P Canfield, Sadie Young-Hughes
PURPOSE: Perceiving imminent safe patient handling and movement (SPH&M) dangers may reduce musculoskeletal (MSK) injuries for nurses in the workplace. The purpose of this study is to develop and validate the 17-item Safe Patient Handling Perception Scale (SPHPS) as an evaluation instrument assessing perceptual risk of MSK injury based on SPH&M knowledge, practice, and resource accessibility in the workplace. METHODS: Data were collected from a convenience sample (N = 117) of nursing employees at a Veteran Affairs Medical Center...
May 2017: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243880/review-article-best-practice-management-of-common-knee-injuries-in-the-emergency-department-part-3-of-the-musculoskeletal-injuries-rapid-review-series
#3
REVIEW
Kirsten Strudwick, Megan McPhee, Anthony Bell, Melinda Martin-Khan, Trevor Russell
Knee injuries are a common presentation to the ED and are often difficult to assess and definitively diagnose due to the patient's acute pain, effusion and guarding. The quality of ED care provided to patients with fractures or soft tissue injuries of the knee is critical to ensure the best possible outcomes for the patient. This rapid review investigated best practice for the assessment and management of common knee injuries in the ED. Databases were searched in 2017, including PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, TRIP and the grey literature, including relevant organisational websites...
December 15, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239989/a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-physical-fitness-and-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-part-3-flexibility-power-speed-balance-and-agility
#4
Sarah J de la Motte, Peter Lisman, Timothy C Gribbin, Kaitlin Murphy, Patricia A Deuster
We performed a systematic review and evaluation of the existing scientific literature on the association between flexibility, power, speed, balance, and agility, and musculoskeletal injury (MSK-I) risk in military and civilian populations. MEDLINE, EBSCO, EMBASE, and the Defense Technical Information Center were searched for original studies published from 1970 through 2015 that examined associations between these physical fitness measures (flexibility, power, speed, balance, and agility) and MSK-I. Methodological quality and strength of the evidence were determined following criteria adapted from previously published systematic reviews...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239871/integrative-medicine-as-an-adjunct-to-orthopaedic-surgery
#5
James R Ficke, Nathan M Moroski, Steven D Ross, Ranjan Gupta
Patients often seek nontraditional forms of treatment, including alternative/complementary medical options, such as chiropractic care and acupuncture, to meet their personal needs. In the United States, interest has grown in methods to reduce pain and improve function through Ayurvedic medicine, which uses plant-based supplements, such as turmeric. Traditional allopathic medicine attempts to provide patients with evidence-based therapeutic regimens for their musculoskeletal conditions. Integrative medicine often is used to prevent and manage the sequelae associated with injuries and illnesses; however, competitive athletes and military personnel use complementary medicine for performance enhancement...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239280/perceived-injustice-and-its-correlates-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
Grant L Iverson, Douglas P Terry, Justin E Karr, William Panenka, Noah D Silverberg
Perceived injustice is a belief that one has been treated unfairly, disrespectfully, and is suffering unnecessarily as a result of another person's actions. Perceived injustice predicts chronic disability after musculoskeletal injury, but to our knowledge, has not been empirically studied in people with mild traumatic brain injuries (MTBIs). We examined perceived injustice and its correlates in patients who were slow to recover from MTBI. Patients (N=102) were recruited from four concussion clinics. The sample was on average 41...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239047/does-the-amount-of-lower-extremity-movement-variability-differ-between-injured-and-uninjured-populations-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Samuel R Baida, Shane J Gore, Andrew D Franklyn-Miller, Kieran A Moran
Movement variability during repetitive performance of a dynamic activity (e.g. running, jumping, kicking) is considered an integral characteristic of optimal movement execution, however, it's relationship with musculoskeletal injury is not known. The primary aim of this paper was to review published comparison trials to determine if movement variability differs between uninjured controls and subjects with a lower limb musculoskeletal injury. A systematic search of online databases; Medline, Sports Discus, Scopus and Web of Science was conducted from July to November 2016...
December 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238756/outcomes-of-internal-hemipelvectomy-for-pelvic-tumors-a-developing-country-s-prospective
#8
REVIEW
Masood Umer, Moiz Ali, Rizwan H Rashid, Yasir Mohib, Haroon U Rashid
Introduction: Previously, external hemipelvectomy was the mainstay of treatment for pelvic tumors. However, with technological advancements, limb salvage procedures such as internal hemipelvectomy have emerged as a viable alternative. However, there is limited literature available on long-term outcomes and complications of internal hemipelvectomy, especially from developing countries. Therefore, the objective of this study was to share our experience of internal hemipelvectomy at a tertiary care center in a developing country...
May 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235235/review-article-best-practice-management-of-common-ankle-and-foot-injuries-in-the-emergency-department-part-2-of-the-musculoskeletal-injuries-rapid-review-series
#9
REVIEW
Kirsten Strudwick, Megan McPhee, Anthony Bell, Melinda Martin-Khan, Trevor Russell
Ankle and foot injuries are the most common musculoskeletal injuries presenting to Australian EDs and are associated with a large societal and economic impact. The quality of ED care provided to patients with ankle and foot fractures or soft tissue injuries is critical to ensure the best possible outcomes for the patient. This rapid review investigated best practice for the assessment and management of common ankle and foot injuries in the ED. Databases including PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, TRIP and the grey literature, including relevant organisational websites, were searched in 2017...
December 13, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234493/what-are-the-risks-of-manual-treatment-of-the-spine-a-scoping-review-for-clinicians
#10
REVIEW
Gabrielle Swait, Rob Finch
Background: Communicating to patients the risks of manual treatment to the spine is an important, but challenging element of informed consent. This scoping review aimed to characterise and summarise the available literature on risks and to describe implications for clinical practice and research. Method: A methodological framework for scoping reviews was followed. Systematic searches were conducted during June 2017. The quantity, nature and sources of literature were described...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232762/review-article-best-practice-management-of-low-back-pain-in-the-emergency-department-part-1-of-the-musculoskeletal-injuries-rapid-review-series
#11
REVIEW
Kirsten Strudwick, Megan McPhee, Anthony Bell, Melinda Martin-Khan, Trevor Russell
Low back pain (LBP) is a common presentation to the ED, and a frequent cause of disability globally. The ED management is often associated with high rates of imaging, misuse and overuse of pharmacology and subsequent financial implications. Given this, improved quality of care for patients with LBP in ED is essential. This rapid review investigated best practice for the assessment and management of LBP in the ED. PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, TRIP and the grey literature, including relevant organisational websites, were searched in 2015...
December 12, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229212/acid-induced-experimental-muscle-pain-and-hyperalgesia-with-single-and-repeated-infusion-in-human-forearm
#12
Kelun Wang, Yi Luo, Toshiyuki Asaki, Thomas Graven-Nielsen, Brian E Cairns, Thomas Arendt-Nielsen, Lars Arendt-Nielsen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acid has long been thought to play an important role in the pain process. Animal study showed that repeated acid stimulation induced central sensitization. The purpose of the study is to investigate muscle pain and hyperalgesia evoked by intramuscular infusion of saline at different pH levels, and to compare the effect of a single versus repeated acid infusions. METHODS: Twenty healthy subjects received infusions of buffered saline (pH 5...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228442/a-novel-boswellic-acids-delivery-form-casperome%C3%A2-in-the-management-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-review
#13
A Riva, P Allegrini, F Franceschi, S Togni, L Giacomelli, R Eggenhoffner
Standard pharmacological treatment of musculoskeletal conditions is often associated with relevant side effects. Botanical preparations endowed with a good tolerability profile, therefore, could have a role in the management of these disorders. Among different natural products, Boswellia serrata extracts have long been used for the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders, given their marked anti-inflammatory activity and their ability to promote tissue regeneration. However, standard preparations of Boswellia serrata show overall modest pharmacokinetic properties, a limitation which may ultimately lead to reduced efficacy...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227730/physical-and-performance-characteristics-related-to-unintentional-musculoskeletal-injury-in-special-forces-operators-a-prospective-analysis
#14
Nicholas R Heebner, John P Abt, Mita Lovalekar, Kim Beals, Timothy C Sell, Jeffery Morgan, Shawn Kane, Scott Lephart
CONTEXT:   Seventy-seven percent of musculoskeletal injuries sustained by United States Army Special Forces Operators are preventable. Identification of predictive characteristics will promote the development of screening methods to augment injury-prevention programs. OBJECTIVE:   To determine physical and performance characteristics that predict musculoskeletal injuries. SETTING:   Clinical laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   A total of 95 Operators (age = 32...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227562/crosstalk-between-substance-p-and-calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-during-heterotopic-ossification-in-murine-achilles-tendon
#15
Ceren Tuzmen, Kostas Verdelis, Lee Weiss, Phil Campbell
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is abnormal bone formation within soft tissue, usually predisposed by neurogenic or musculoskeletal trauma. Inflammation resulting from trauma is considered to be the main trigger for HO by eliciting changes within the injury site, including elevation of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). Recent research, however, has also associated changes in sensory neuropeptide expression with HO. Substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) are two of those neuropeptides that have been implicated with various aspects of HO, including regulation of inflammation and BMP signaling...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225159/histopathology-of-periarticular-non-hereditary-heterotopic-ossification
#16
REVIEW
Kristin L Foley, Nader Hebela, Mary Ann Keenan, Robert J Pignolo
In the mature adult skeleton, new bone formation is normally restricted to regeneration of osseous tissue at sites of fracture. However, heterotopic ossification, or the formation of bone outside the normal skeleton, can occur within muscle, adipose, or fibrous connective tissue. Periarticular non-hereditary heterotopic ossification (NHHO) may occur after musculoskeletal trauma, following CNS injury, with certain arthropathies, or following injury or surgery that is often sustained in the context of age-related pathology...
December 7, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224233/review-article-methodology-for-the-rapid-review-series-on-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-the-emergency-department
#17
REVIEW
Kirsten Strudwick, Megan McPhee, Anthony Bell, Melinda Martin-Khan, Trevor Russell
Musculoskeletal injuries are a common presentation to the ED, with significant costs involved in the management of these injuries, variances in care within the ED and associated morbidity. A series of rapid review papers were completed to guide best practice for the assessment and management of common musculoskeletal injuries presenting to the ED. This paper presents the methodology used across the rapid reviews. PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, TRIP and the grey literature, including relevant organisational websites, were searched in 2015...
December 10, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217766/ultrasonographic-scoring-system-for-superficial-digital-flexor-tendon-injuries-in-horses-intra-and-inter-rater-variability
#18
Rafael Alzola Domingo, Chris M Riggs, David S Gardner, Sarah L Freeman
Superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) tendinopathy is an important musculoskeletal problem in horses. The study objective was to validate an ultrasonographic scoring system for SDFT injuries. Ultrasonographic images from 14 Thoroughbred racehorses with SDFT lesions (seven core; seven diffuse) and two controls were blindly assessed by five clinicians on two occasions. Ultrasonographic parameters evaluated were: type and extent of the injury, location, echogenicity, cross-sectional area and longitudinal fibre pattern of the maximal injury zone (MIZ)...
December 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217532/imaging-detected-acute-muscle-injuries-in-athletes-participating-in-the-rio-de-janeiro-2016-summer-olympic-games
#19
Michel D Crema, Mohamed Jarraya, Lars Engebretsen, Frank W Roemer, Daichi Hayashi, Romulo Domingues, Abdalla Y Skaf, Ali Guermazi
BACKGROUND: Acute muscle injuries in elite athletes are responsible for a large portion of time loss injuries. AIM: To describe the frequency, the anatomic distribution, and severity of imaging-detected acute muscle injuries among athletes who competed in the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Summer Olympics. METHODS: We recorded all sports injuries reported by the National Olympic Committee medical teams and the Organising Committee medical staff during the 2016 Summer Olympics...
December 7, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214655/an-anatomic-description-of-intrinsic-brachial-muscles-in-the-crab-eating-fox-cerdocyon-thous-linnaeus-1776-and-report-of-a-variant-arterial-distribution
#20
J Vélez, J Ramírez, O Aristizábal
The crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous) is a wild canid distributed throughout South America. It is one of the wild canids reported being hit by vehicles and injured in snares, thus inducing trauma or injury to the musculoskeletal system, possibly occurring in the brachial region. The main objective of this research was to provide an anatomic description of the crab-eating fox's intrinsic brachial muscles including shape, origin, insertion, innervation and arterial blood supply, compared with that of the domestic dog...
December 6, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
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