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Musculoskeletal injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905767/the-multisystem-effects-of-simulated-agricultural-whole-body-vibration-on-acute-sensorimotor-physical-and-cognitive-performance
#1
Marcus Yung, Liana M Tennant, Stephan Milosavljevic, Catherine Trask
Background: Exposure to whole body vibration (WBV) is common in construction, agriculture, mining, and transportation. There is strong epidemiological evidence linking WBV with adverse health outcomes in the long-term, including low back pain. Fortunately, WBV exposure guidelines to prevent long-term musculoskeletal disorders and discomfort exist. In the shorter-term, it has been speculated that occupational levels of WBV may lead to increased risk of vehicle accidents and falls during egress; however, the acute effects of different vibration intensities remain poorly understood and it is uncertain whether established standards protect the worker from injurious short-term effects...
June 14, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905597/extremity-war-injuries-xii-homeland-defense-as-a-translation-of-war-lessons-learned
#2
Maj Daniel J Stinner, Andrew H Schmidt
The 12th Extremity War Injuries Symposium focused on issues related to the transitions in medical care that are occurring as the focus of the war on terror changes. The symposium highlighted the results of Department of Defense-funded research in musculoskeletal injury, the evolution of combat casualty care, and the readiness of the fighting force. Presentations and discussions focused on force readiness of both troops and their medical support as well as the maintenance of the combat care expertise that has been developed during the previous decade of conflict...
June 12, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901814/physical-fitness-and-body-anthropometrics-profiles-of-the-female-recruits-entering-to-voluntary-military-service
#3
Matti Santtila, Kai Pihlainen, Harri Koski, Tommi Ojanen, Heikki Kyröläinen
Introduction: The physical fitness of male conscripts has decreased, and body mass increased during the last few decades, especially in Nordic countries. However, limited research-based reports are available concerning the physical fitness profiles of female recruits. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate changes in physical fitness and body composition of female recruits entering voluntary Finnish military service between the years 2005 and 2015. Materials and methods: Data were collected from the initial fitness tests performed in military units during the first 2 weeks of military service...
June 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901651/intraoperative-sonography-may-reduce-the-risk-of-extensor-pollicis-longus-tendon-injury-during-dorsal-entry-elastic-intramedullary-nailing-of-the-radius-in-children
#4
Marcell Varga, Nikoletta Gáti, Tamás Kassai, Szilvia Papp, Sándor Pintér
Extensor pollicis longus tendon (EPL) injury is a potential complication of dorsal entry radial elastic nailing technique in children. The aim of this study was to investigate if intraoperative ultrasonographic guidance can reduce the risk of (EPL) injury.Correlation between sonographic and operative findings were examined first in 6 adult cadavers. Position of Lister's tubercle, EPL, and extraosseal end of the elastic nail were detected by ultrasound imaging during a minimally invasive dorsal entry nailing...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897279/work-related-injury-and-management-strategies-among-certified-athletic-trainers
#5
Kristen L Kucera, Hester J Lipscomb, Karen G Roos, John M Dement, Jennifer M Hootman
CONTEXT:   Health care workers have high rates of musculoskeletal injuries, but many of these injuries go unreported to workers' compensation and national surveillance systems. Little is known regarding the work-related injuries of certified athletic trainers (ATs). OBJECTIVE:   To determine the 12-month incidence and prevalence of work-related injuries and describe injury-reporting and -management strategies. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897023/determinants-of-workplace-injuries-and-violence-among-newly-licensed-rns
#6
Lynn Unruh, Yara Asi
Workplace injuries, such as musculoskeletal injuries, needlestick injuries, and emotional and physical violence, remain an issue in U.S. hospitals. To develop meaningful safety programs, it is important to identify workplace factors that contribute to injuries. This study explored factors that affect injuries in a sample of newly licensed registered nurses (NLRNs) in Florida. Regressions were run on models in which the dependent variable was the degree to which the respondent had experienced needlesticks, work-related musculoskeletal injuries, cuts or lacerations, contusions, verbal violence, physical violence, and other occupational injuries...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895413/antipsychotic-adherence-and-emergency-department-utilization-among-patients-with-schizophrenia
#7
Morgan Hardy, Carlos Jackson, Jennie Byrne
This retrospective cohort study evaluated the relationship between antipsychotic medication adherence and emergency department (ED) utilization for 7851 Medicaid patients with schizophrenia enrolled in Community Care of North Carolina (CCNC). Claims and pharmacy data from January to December 2015 were collected. Medication adherence was approximated using the medication possession ratio (MPR). Negative binomial regressions estimated the effect of antipsychotic adherence on rates of medical and psychiatric ED visits...
June 10, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893181/work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-prosthetists-and-orthotists-in-australia
#8
S Anderson, R Stuckey, J Oakman
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in prosthetists/orthotists working in Australia. Secondary to this, the relationship between work-related hazards and work-related musculoskeletal disorders will be examined. METHODS: In 2012 a self-report survey was conducted with the prosthetist/orthotist workforce in Australia (N=139, 56% response rate). Data on workplace physical and psychosocial hazards, job satisfaction, work life balance and musculoskeletal discomfort were collected...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889962/the-role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-optimizing-injury-management-in-air-force-pararescuemen-combat-rescue-officers-and-survival-specialists
#9
Stephen C Rush, Christopher Foresto, Christopher W Hewitt, Marc G Grossman, Christopher D Petersen, Isabelle Gallo, Brian P Staak, Jessica T Rush
Operators perform physically demanding jobs associated with a variety of overuse and acute musculoskeletal injuries. The current management of musculoskeletal complaints in the Air Force includes plane radiographs and 6 weeks of physical therapy (PT) before consideration of orthopedic consultation and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); however, MRI shows a clear advantage compared with plane radiographs. We conducted a performance improvement project and conclude that (1) MRI allowed for definitive diagnosis as well as definitive triage for care in a timely manner, (2) guidelines for ordering lumbosacral MRIs should be followed and not ordered for pain that is not progressive and severe or not associated with a neurological finding, and (3) because of the risk of X-ray exposure in patients in their 20 and 30s, X-rays should be avoided in this setting unless definitely indicated...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889150/core-and-back-rehabilitation-for-high-speed-rotation-sports-highlight-on-lacrosse
#10
Heather K Vincent, Kevin R Vincent
Lacrosse is a fast-paced game that incorporates elements from multiple sports, such as soccer, basketball, baseball, tennis, and hockey. The sport involves rapid changes of direction, endurance, sprinting, physical contact, rotational movement, passing, and shooting. Passing and shooting are further complicated by having a weighted object (ball) at the end of a long moment arm (crosse) which places increased stress on the body segments. Thus, it is important to properly prepare for sport participation by improving strength, endurance, and dynamic stability of the postural and core stability muscles...
June 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886432/clinical-assessment-of-acute-lateral-ankle-sprain-injuries-roast-2019-consensus-statement-and-recommendations-of-the-international-ankle-consortium
#11
Eamonn Delahunt, Chris M Bleakley, Daniela S Bossard, Brian M Caulfield, Carrie L Docherty, Cailbhe Doherty, François Fourchet, Daniel T Fong, Jay Hertel, Claire E Hiller, Thomas W Kaminski, Patrick O McKeon, Kathryn M Refshauge, Alexandria Remus, Evert Verhagen, Bill T Vicenzino, Erik A Wikstrom, Phillip A Gribble
Lateral ankle sprain injury is the most common musculoskeletal injury incurred by individuals who participate in sports and recreational physical activities. Following initial injury, a high proportion of individuals develop long-term injury-associated symptoms and chronic ankle instability. The development of chronic ankle instability is consequent on the interaction of mechanical and sensorimotor insufficiencies/impairments that manifest following acute lateral ankle sprain injury. To reduce the propensity for developing chronic ankle instability, clinical assessments should evaluate whether patients in the acute phase following lateral ankle sprain injury exhibit any mechanical and/or sensorimotor impairments...
June 9, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884567/increased-accuracy-of-varus-stress-radiographs-versus-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-diagnosing-fibular-collateral-ligament-grade-iii-tears
#12
Patrick W Kane, Nicholas N DePhillipo, Mark E Cinque, Gilbert Moatshe, Jorge Chahla, Elizabeth Carpenter, Matthew T Provencher, Robert F LaPrade
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging and varus stress radiographs for fibular collateral ligament (FCL) tears, and compare these modalities to intraoperative findings. METHODS: All patients who underwent an isolated FCL or combined anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)/FCL reconstruction by a single surgeon between 2010 and 2017 with preoperative varus stress radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were included in this study...
June 5, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884165/the-effectiveness-of-interventions-designed-to-increase-the-uptake-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-and-best-practices-among-musculoskeletal-professionals-a-systematic-review
#13
Fadi M Al Zoubi, Anita Menon, Nancy E Mayo, André E Bussières
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review was to summarize and evaluate evidence about the effectiveness of knowledge translation (KT) interventions to improve the uptake and application of clinical practice guidelines and best practices for a wide range of musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders and health care professionals. METHODS: A search for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in English was conducted in MEDLINE (Ovid interface), EMBASE, CINAHL, and CENTRAL (Cochrane library)...
June 8, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880749/activity-based-physical-rehabilitation-with-adjuvant-testosterone-to-promote-neuromuscular-recovery-after-spinal-cord-injury
#14
REVIEW
Dana M Otzel, Jimmy Lee, Fan Ye, Stephen E Borst, Joshua F Yarrow
Neuromuscular impairment and reduced musculoskeletal integrity are hallmarks of spinal cord injury (SCI) that hinder locomotor recovery. These impairments are precipitated by the neurological insult and resulting disuse, which has stimulated interest in activity-based physical rehabilitation therapies (ABTs) that promote neuromuscular plasticity after SCI. However, ABT efficacy declines as SCI severity increases. Additionally, many men with SCI exhibit low testosterone, which may exacerbate neuromusculoskeletal impairment...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877672/how-effective-is-the-integration-of-sport-and-exercise-medicine-in-the-english-national-health-service-for-sport-related-injury-treatment-and-health-management
#15
Emma Pullen, Dominic Malcolm, Patrick Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Regular participation in sport, exercise and physical activity is associated with positive health outcomes and form a mainstay of British public health policies. However, regular participation in sport and exercise can result in sport related injury (SRI) which, in turn, is a key cause of exercise cessation. The integration of Sport and Exercise Medicine (SEM) in the English National Health Service (NHS) aims to provide a specialist service for public populations and thus reduce the impact of SRI on exercise cessation and associated negative health outcomes...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873143/sickness-absence-diagnoses-among-abstainers-low-risk-drinkers-and-at-risk-drinkers-consideration-of-the-u-shaped-association-between-alcohol-use-and-sickness-absence-in-four-cohort-studies
#16
Jenni Ervasti, Mika Kivimäki, Jenny Head, Marcel Goldberg, Guillaume Airagnes, Jaana Pentti, Tuula Oksanen, Paula Salo, Sakari Suominen, Markus Jokela, Jussi Vahtera, Marie Zins, Marianna Virtanen
AIMS: To estimate differences in the strength and shape of associations between alcohol use and diagnosis-specific sickness absence. DESIGN: A multi-cohort study. Participants (n = 47 520) responded to a survey on alcohol use at two time-points, and were linked to records of sickness absence. Diagnosis-specific sickness absence was followed for 4-7 years from the latter survey. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: From Finland, we had population cohort survey data from 1998 and 2003 and employee cohort survey data from 2000-02 and 2004...
June 5, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872868/meniscal-root-tears-occur-frequently-in-multi-ligament-knee-injury-and-can-be-predicted-by-associated-mri-injury-patterns
#17
Jonathan D Kosy, Luigi Matteliano, Anshul Rastogi, Dawn Pearce, Daniel B Whelan
PURPOSE: The frequency of meniscal root tears in association with multi-ligament knee injury has not been established but adds to the complexity of surgical reconstruction and may have long-term consequences. Therefore, identifying root tears, on preoperative imaging, is important. The aim of this study was to identify the frequency of meniscal root tears, on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging, following multi-ligament injury and distinguish associated injury patterns that may aid detection...
June 5, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868702/degenerative-changes-in-asymptomatic-subjects-a-descriptive-study-examining-the-supraspinatus-using-musculoskeletal-sonography-in-a-young-population
#18
J S Guffey, Deana Barymon, Cody Doerflein, Cardin Vo, Darren Bowen
As many as 96% of persons over age 50 years may have shoulder abnormalities involving the rotator cuff. Many of these individuals remain asymptomatic. In contrast, there is limited research into the prevalence of shoulder pathology in the younger asymptomatic population. The supraspinatus muscle is the most likely candidate for injury within the common "rotator cuff" array of shoulder pathologies. The purpose of this study was to determine, using musculoskeletal sonography and basic clinical/physical screening, whether younger asymptomatic subjects (23...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868681/playing-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-classical-piano-students-at-tertiary-institutions-in-malaysia-proportion-and-associated-risk-factors
#19
Chia-Ying Ling, Fung-Chiat Loo, Titi R Hamedon
Musicians are prone to performance injuries due to the nature of musical practice, and classical pianists are among the groups at high risk for playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs). With the growing number of classical pianists in Malaysia, this study aimed to investigate the proportion of PRMDs occurring among classical piano students in tertiary institutions in Malaysia. Associations between gender, practice habits, diet, sports involvement, and PRMD were investigated. A survey was conducted among classical piano students (n=192) at tertiary institutions of Kuala Lumpur and Selangor...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866301/estimation-of-physical-workload-of-the-low-back-based-on-exposure-variation-analysis-during-a-full-working-day-among-male-blue-collar-workers-cross-sectional-workplace-study
#20
Markus Due Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Mikkel Brandt, Roger Persson, Lars L Andersen
This study aims to quantify physical workload of the low-back using exposure variation analysis (EVA) during a full working day among blue-collar workers with manual lifting tasks. One hundred and ten male employees (39 warehouse workers, 27 operators, 24 postal workers and 20 slaughterhouse workers) with manual lifting tasks from 12 workplaces participated. The workers performed standardized box lifts using 5, 10, 20 and 30 kg before and after a working day. Muscular activity of the low-back was measured throughout the working day using surface electromyography (sEMG)...
July 2018: Applied Ergonomics
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