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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193713/firearm-carrying-and-concurrent-substance-use-behaviours-in-a-community-based-sample-of-emerging-adults
#1
Robert N Buschmann, John D Prochaska, Jacques G Baillargeon, Jeff R Temple
INTRODUCTION: This paper examines associations between high-risk gun carrying and substance use in emerging adults (ages 18-22). The coexistence of these high-risk behaviours in a general population of emerging adults can have disastrous consequences. METHODS: Dating it Safe is an ongoing longitudinal (2010-2016) survey of emerging adults recruited from seven high schools in five south-east Texas-area school districts (current sample n=684). Multiple logistic regression modelling was used to examine the association between past-year use of legal and illegal substances and past-year firearm carrying for a reason other than sport or hunting...
February 13, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176000/multifactorial-logistic-regression-analysis-of-factors-associated-with-the-incidence-of-erosive-tooth-wear-among-adults-at-different-ages-in-tokyo
#2
Yuichi Kitasako, Y Sasaki, T Takagaki, A Sadr, J Tagami
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate factors associated with the incidence of erosive tooth wear (ETW) among adults at different ages in Tokyo using multifactorial logistic regression analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample consisted of a total of 1108 subjects aged 15 to 89 years in Tokyo, Japan. Two examiners evaluated ETW in a full-mouth recording. The subjects were asked to complete a self-administered daily diet, habit, and health condition questionnaire...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163924/overweight-and-obesity-in-children-aged-3-13%C3%A2-years-in-urban-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study-of-prevalence-and-association-with-socio-economic-status
#3
Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Josiane Kamdeu-Chedeu, Sam D Leary, Yannick Mboue-Djieka, Daniel N Nebongo, Christoph Akazong, Yacouba N Mapoure, Julian P Hamilton-Shield, Jean-François Gautier, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight/obesity is increasing rapidly in developing countries. There is a need to provide more evidence on its burden in sub-Saharan Africa, and to identify associated factors in order to set preventive measures. We aimed to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity and assess its association with the socioeconomic status in nursery and primary school children in urban Cameroon. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included by multi-staged cluster random sampling 1343 children from high (HSES, n = 673) and low (LSES, n = 670) socioeconomic status schools in Douala...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145733/why-do-team-sport-athletes-drink-fluid-in-excess-when-exercising-in-cool-conditions
#4
Melissa J Bargh, Roderick F G J King, Michael P Gray, Ben Jones
This study assessed the potential physiological and perceptual drivers of fluid intake and thirst sensation during intermittent exercise. Ten male rugby players (17 ± 1 years, stature: 179.1 ± 4.2 cm, body mass (BM): 81.9 ± 8.1 kg) participated in six 6-min small-sided games, interspersed with 2 min rest, where fluid intake was ad libitum during rest periods. Pre- and postmeasurements of BM, subjective ratings (thirst, thermal comfort, thermal sensation, mouth dryness), plasma osmolality (POsm), serum sodium concentration (S[Na(+)]), haematocrit and haemoglobin (to calculate plasma volume change; PV) were taken...
November 10, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143794/home-sweet-home-parent-and-home-environmental-factors-in-adolescent-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#5
Laura M Bogart, Marc N Elliott, Allison J Ober, David J Klein, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Burton O Cowgill, Kimberly Uyeda, Mark A Schuster
OBJECTIVE: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are key contributors to obesity among youth. We investigated associations among parental and home-related factors (parental attitudes and consumption; home availability) regarding three types of SSBs-soda, sports drinks, and fruit-flavored drinks-with consumption of each type of SSB in a general school-based sample of adolescents. METHODS: Data were collected across three school semesters, from 2009-2011. A total of 1,313 seventh-grade student-parent dyads participated...
January 28, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121472/plasma-creatine-kinetics-after-ingestion-of-microencapsulated-creatine-monohydrate-with-enhanced-stability-in-aqueous-solutions
#6
Michelle Hone, Robert M Kent, Alessandro Scotto di Palumbo, Sinead B Bleiel, Giuseppe De Vito, Brendan Egan
Creatine monohydrate represents one of the largest sports supplement markets. Enhancing creatine (CRE) stability in aqueous solutions, such as with microencapsulation, represents innovation potential. Ten physically active male volunteers were randomly assigned in a double-blind design to either placebo (PLA) (3-g maltodextrin; n = 5) or microencapsulated CRE (3-g creatine monohydrate; n = 5) conditions. Experimental conditions involved ingestion of the samples in a 70-mL ready-to-drink format. CRE was delivered in a novel microencapsulation matrix material consisting entirely of hydrolyzed milk protein...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104353/fluid-energy-and-nutrient-recovery-via-ad-libitum-intake-of-different-fluids-and-food
#7
Nadia Campagnolo, Elizaveta Iudakhina, Christopher Irwin, Matthew Schubert, Gregory R Cox, Michael Leveritt, Ben Desbrow
INTRODUCTION: This study compared the effects of ad libitum consumption of different beverages and foods on fluid retention and nutrient intake following exercise. METHODS: Ten endurance trained males (mean±SD; Age=25.3±4.9years, VO2max=63.0±7.2mL·kg·min(-1)) performed four trials employing a counterbalanced, crossover design. Following 60min of exercise (matched for energy expenditure and fluid loss) participants consumed either water (W1 and W2), a sports drink (Powerade® (P)) or a milk-based liquid meal supplement (Sustagen Sport® (SS)) over a four hour recovery period...
January 16, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039198/built-environment-and-health-a-systematic-review-of-studies-in-germany
#8
Maike Schulz, Matthias Romppel, Gesine Grande
OBJECTIVES: Empirical research on the relationship between the built environment and health is increasing at a tremendous pace. However, findings from Anglo-American countries may not apply to the European context. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the existing evidence on the role of the built environment for leading risk factors and health behavior in Germany. METHODS: Through an extensive search via PubMed and Web of Science, using predefined selection criteria, two independent reviewers identified 25 empirical studies...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039074/caffeine-stimulates-voluntary-wheel-running-in-mice-without-increasing-aerobic-capacity
#9
Gerald C Claghorn, Zoe Thompson, Kristianna Wi, Lindsay Van, Theodore Garland
The "energy drink" Red Bull and the "sports drink" Gatorade are often marketed to athletes, with claims that they cause performance gains. However, both are high in sugars, and also consumed by non-athletes. Few studies have addressed the effects of these drinks or their biologically active components in rodent exercise models. We used three experiments to test effects on both voluntary exercise behavior and maximal aerobic capacity in lines of mice known to differ in "athletic" traits. Mice from four replicate High Runner (HR) lines have been selectively bred for voluntary running on wheels, and run approximately three times as many revolutions per day as do mice from four non-selected Control (C) lines...
December 28, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028987/evaluation-of-the-erosive-potential-of-selected-isotonic-drinks-in-vitro-studies
#10
Aneta Ostrowska, Witold Szymański, Łukasz Kołodziejczyk, Elżbieta Bołtacz-Rzepkowska
BACKGROUND: Isotonic drinks are an important component of the diet of athletes. Sports drinks cause the body to maintain proper hydration and supplement minerals which are lost in sweat during excessive exercising. Aside from the benefits of isotonic drinks, it is important to be aware of the harmful effects of citric acid within the products, which could cause enamel erosion. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the erosive potential of sports drinks using confocal scanning laser microscopy (CLSM)...
November 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004903/fluid-intake-behaviour-in-athletes-during-typical-training-bouts
#11
Alex Buoite Stella, Maria P Francescato, Stacy T Sims, Shawnda A Morrison
BACKGROUND: Hydration habits during training may differ depending on sports mode and individual characteristics. The aim of this study was to assess fluid intake behaviour in a wide sample of Italian athletes during their regular training. METHODS: Data on hydration habits during training were collected from a random sample of competitive athletes. Hydration strategies and personal characteristics were queried via questionnaire, including athletes' quantity and type of fluid ingested during a typical training bout, sport characteristics (e...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997257/solid-gel-and-liquid-carbohydrate-format-effects-on-gut-comfort-and-performance
#12
Mathilde Guillochon, David S Rowlands
Carbohydrate sports drinks produce worthwhile benefits to endurance performance compared with non-caloric controls. However, athletes now consume carbohydrate in a range of formats, including gels and bars, but the comparable performance outcomes are unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish the relative effects of drink, gel, bar, and mixed carbohydrate formats on intense cycling performance. In a treatment-apparent randomised crossover design, 12 well-trained male cyclists completed 4 trials comprising a 140-min race simulation, followed by a double-blind slow-ramp to exhaustion (0...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991836/correlations-between-col2a-and-aggrecan-genetic-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-and-clinicopathological-features-of-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-in-a-chinese-han-population-a-case-control-study
#13
Yu Deng, Xin-Ti Tan, Qiang Wu, Xin Wang
OBJECTIVES: This case-control study was designed to evaluate the association of three COL2A1 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) (rs1793953, rs2276454, and rs1793937) and Aggrecan variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphisms with the risk and clinicopathological features of intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) in a Chinese Han population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 295 IVDD patients (case group) and 324 healthy volunteers (control group) were collected between January 2012 and December 2014...
February 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975342/health-related-behaviour-among-children-of-childhood-cancer-survivors-in-germany
#14
M Balcerek, T Schuster, E Korte, J Seidel, R Schilling, H Hölling, A Borgmann-Staudt
Childhood cancer survivors fear that previous therapy could not only impair their own but also their children's health. We examined whether health-related behaviour in children of childhood cancer survivors differs from the general population.Our first nationwide survey wave (2013-2014) surveyed offspring health in 396 German childhood cancer survivors known to have a child of their own. Answers about health behaviour were analysed using descriptive statistics. Data were collected for 418 offspring and 394 could be integrated for matched-pair analyses with data from the German general population (KIGGS, n=17 641)...
December 14, 2016: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942149/the-effects-of-the-intake-of-an-isotonic-sports-drink-before-orienteering-competitions-on-skeletal-muscle-damage
#15
Filiz Fatma Colakoglu, Banu Cayci, Metin Yaman, Selma Karacan, Suleyman Gonulateş, Gökhan Ipekoglu, Fatmanur Er
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the intake of an isotonic sports drink (500 ml water, 32 gr carbonhydrate, 120 mg calcium, 248 mg chloride, 230 mg sodium) the level of the skeletal muscle damage of orienteering athletes. [Subjects and Methods] The study was carried out on 21 male elite orienteering athletes. The athletes were divided into two groups by randomized double-blind selection. The experimental group (n=11) was given the isotonic sports drink, while the placebo group (n=10) was given 500 ml pure water...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928206/doping-attitudes-and-covariates-of-potential-doping-behaviour-in-high-level-team-sport-athletes-gender-specific-analysis
#16
Damir Sekulic, Enver Tahiraj, Milan Zvan, Natasa Zenic, Ognjen Uljevic, Blaz Lesnik
Team sports are rarely studied with regard to doping behaviour and doping-related factors regardless of their global popularity. This study aimed to investigate doping factors and covariates of potential doping behaviour in high-level team-sport athletes. The subjects were 457 high-performing, national- and international-level athletes (21.9 ± 3.4 years of age; 179 females) involved in volleyball (n = 77), soccer (n = 163), basketball (n = 114) and handball (n = 103). Previously validated self-administered questionnaires aimed at evidencing sport factors, doping-related factors, knowledge on sport nutrition and doping, and attitudes to performance enhancement were used...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892965/diabetes-mellitus-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-mortality-in-japan-the-japan-collaborative-cohort-study
#17
Ce Tan, Mitsuru Mori, Yasushi Adachi, Kenji Wakai, Sadao Suzuki, Koji Suzuki, Shuji Hashimoto, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Akiko Tamakoshi
Objective: Our aim was to estimate whether diabetes mellitus (DM) may be associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality in Japan. Methods: The Japan Collaborative Cohort (JACC) Study is a nationwide prospective study, initiated in 1988, which involves 110,585 subjects (age range: from 40 to 79 years; 46,395 males and 64,190 females). Our present analysis population comprised 96,081 (40,510 men and 55,571 women) who provided details on DM history. The questionnaire also included age, sex, weight, height, family history of CRC, smoking, drinking and exercise habits, and education...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891737/role-of-resistance-physical-exercise-in-preventing-testicular-damage-caused-by-chronic-ethanol-consumption-in-uchb-rats
#18
Gessica Dutra Gonçalves, Nichelle Antunes Vieira, Henrique Rodrigues Vieira, Aline Dias Valério, Gláucia Elóisa Munhoz de Lion Siervo, Patricia Fernanda Felipe Pinheiro, Francisco Eduardo Martinez, Flávia Alessandra Guarnier, Giovana Rampazzo Teixeira, Glaura Scantamburlo Alves Fernandes
Ethanol consumption is associated with spermatogenesis damage and testosterone level alterations. Alcohol remains the most commonly used substance among athletes and sports enthusiasts. This study evaluated whether resistance physical exercise can reduce the testicular damage caused by ethanol exposure. A total of 36 ethanol drinking (UChB) rats were divided into four groups: C (control rats), ETOH (ethanol consumption), ETOH + T (ethanol consumption + physical training), and T (group physical training)...
November 28, 2016: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886566/disentangling-development-of-sensation-seeking-risky-peer-affiliation-and-binge-drinking-in-adolescent-sport
#19
Catherine Frances Drane, Kathryn L Modecki, Bonnie L Barber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878418/factors-associated-with-current-smoking-among-off-reserve-first-nations-and-m%C3%A3-tis-youth-results-from-the-2012-aboriginal-peoples-survey
#20
Christopher Ryan, Scott Leatherdale, Martin Cooke
First Nations and Métis, two of Canada's constitutionally recognized Indigenous groups, suffer from poorer overall health than non-Indigenous Canadians. Current smoking, a known predictor of chronic health conditions, is close to twice as prevalent among Indigenous youth as it is among non-Indigenous Canadian youth. However, little population-level research has examined the correlates of current smoking among this population. Guided by a health framework centered on Indigenous-specific determinants, we used data from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey to examine the correlates of current smoking among First Nations and Métis youth aged 15-17 years living outside of First Nations reserves...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
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