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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757974/evidencing-protective-and-risk-factors-for-harmful-alcohol-drinking-in-adolescence-a-prospective-analysis-of-sport-participation-and-scholastic-achievement-in-older-adolescents-from-croatia
#1
Sime Devcic, Damir Sekulic, Divo Ban, Zvonimir Kutlesa, Jelena Rodek, Dorica Sajber
Background : The prevalence of alcohol drinking (AD) in Croatian adolescents is alarming, but there is an evident lack of prospective analyses of the protective/risk factors of AD. This study aimed to prospectively investigate the relationships between scholastic and sport factors and harmful alcohol drinking (HD) in older adolescents. Methods : The participants (n = 644, 53.7% females) were 16 years of age at study baseline and were tested at baseline and again 20 months later (follow-up). The predictors included four variables of scholastic achievement and four factors evidencing involvement in sport...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747519/knowledge-of-health-conditions-associated-with-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-is-low-among-us-hispanic-adults
#2
Sohyun Park, Guadalupe X Ayala, Joseph R Sharkey, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To examine associations between knowledge of health conditions and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake among Hispanic adults. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional study. SETTING: The 2015 Estilos survey data. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand US Hispanic adults (≥18 years). MEASURES: The outcome variable was frequency of SSB intake (regular soda, fruit drink, sports/energy drink, and sweetened coffee/tea drink)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745045/the-effect-of-athletes-hyperhydration-on-the-urinary-steroid-profile-markers-in-doping-control-analysis
#3
I Athanasiadou, S Kraiem, S Al-Sowaidi, H Al-Mohammed, N Dbes, S Al-Yazedi, W Samsam, V Mohamed-Ali, A Dokoumetzidis, M Alsayrafi, G Valsami, C Georgakopoulos
The urinary 'steroid profile' in doping control analysis is a powerful tool aiming to detect intra-individual deviations related to the abuse of endogenous steroids. Factors altering the 'steroid profile' include among others the excessive fluid intake leading to low endogenous steroids concentrations compared to an individual`s normal values. Cases report the use of hyperhydration by athletes as a masking method during anti-doping urine sample collection. Seven healthy physically active non-smoking Caucasian males were examined for a 72-h period using water and a commercial sports drink as hyperhydration agents (20 mL/kg body weight)...
May 10, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735573/adolescent-consumption-of-sports-drinks
#4
Kyla Cordrey, Sarah A Keim, Ruth Milanaik, Andrew Adesman
BACKGROUND: Sports drinks are aggressively marketed to teenagers to replenish fluids and/or electrolytes. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, typical adolescent physical activity does not require sports drink rehydration. Given US obesity rates and that sugar-sweetened sports drinks add superfluous calories to the diet, it is important to assess adolescent sports drink consumption and changes over time. METHODS: Researchers in the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey and 2010 National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey collected nationally representative samples of US high school students about sports drink consumption...
May 7, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707530/shape-up-and-eat-right-families-pilot-program-feasibility-of-a-weight-management-shared-medical-appointment-model-in-african-americans-with-obesity-at-an-urban-academic-medical-center
#5
Gitanjali Srivastava, Kenya D Palmer, Kathy A Ireland, Ashley C McCarthy, Kate E Donovan, Aaron J Manders, Juhee McDougal, Carine M Lenders, Caroline M Apovian
Objectives: Disparities in obesity care exist among African-American children and adults. We sought to test the feasibility of a pilot program, a 1-year family-based intervention for African-American families with obesity [shape up and eat right (SUPER)], adopting the shared medical appointment model (SMA) at an urban safety net hospital. Outcomes: Primary outcomes: (1) family attendance rate and (2) program satisfaction. Secondary outcomes: change in body mass index (BMI), eating behaviors, and sedentary activity...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691685/adherence-and-health-literacy-as-related-to-outcome-of-patients-treated-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-analyses-of-a-large-scale-observational-study
#6
J G Kuipers, M Koller, F Zeman, K Müller, J U Rüffer
BACKGROUND: Disabilities in daily living and quality of life are key endpoints for evaluating the treatment outcome for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Factors possibly contributing to good outcome are adherence and health literacy. METHODS: The survey included a representative nationwide sample of German rheumatologists and their patients with RA. The physician questionnaire included the disease activity score (DAS28) and medical prescriptions. The patient questionnaire included fatigue (EORTC QLQ-FA13), health assessment questionnaire (HAQ), quality of life (SF-12), health literacy (HELP), and patients' listings of their medications...
April 24, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681250/sleep-patterns-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-children-from-around-the-world
#7
Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mark S Tremblay, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between objectively measured sleep patterns (sleep duration, sleep efficiency and bedtime) and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption (regular soft drinks, energy drinks, sports drinks and fruit juice) among children from all inhabited continents of the world. DESIGN: Multinational, cross-sectional study. SETTING: The International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE)...
April 23, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669539/cross-sectional-associations-between-weight-related-health-behaviors-and-weight-misperception-among-u-s-adolescents-with-overweight-obesity
#8
Samantha L Hahn, Kelley A Borton, Kendrin R Sonneville
BACKGROUND: Weight misperception occurs when there is a discrepancy between one's actual and perceived weight status. Among adolescents with overweight/obesity, many believe that correcting weight misperception is imperative to inspire weight-related behavior change. However, past research has shown that adolescents with overweight/obesity who misperceive their weight status gain less weight over time compared to accurate perceivers. Therefore, our objective was to examine possible mechanisms underlying this relationship...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629968/sports-drinks-on-the-edge-of-a-new-era
#9
Shaun Sutehall, Borja Muniz-Pardos, Andrew N Bosch, Alessia Di Gianfrancesco, Yannis P Pitsiladis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618222/adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-is-associated-with-parent-intake-not-knowledge-of-health-risks
#10
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sohyun Park, Stephen Onufrak, Solveig Cunningham, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To examine associations of adolescent sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake with parent SSB intake and parent and adolescent knowledge of SSB-related health risks. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional. SETTING: 2014 SummerStyles survey. SUBJECTS: Nine hundred and ninety parent and adolescent (12-17 years) pairs. MEASURES: The outcome was self-reported adolescent intake (0, >0 to <1, or ≥1 time/day) of SSBs (soda, fruit drinks, sports/energy drinks, other SSBs)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614035/investigating-the-nutritional-and-recovery-habits-of-tennis-players
#11
James A Fleming, Robert J Naughton, Liam D Harper
In this study, the nutritional and recovery habits of tennis players pre-, during, and post-match-play were investigated. Seventy tennis players completed a bespoke nutrition and recovery habits questionnaire, with questions related to the following areas: match preparation, intra-match nutritional habits, situation dependent variables, and post-match nutrition and recovery. On match day-1, the consumption of balanced meals consisting of carbohydrate (CHO), fat and protein, with some micronutrient considerations were reported by 51% of players...
April 3, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597308/-obesogenic-school-food-environments-an-urban-case-study-in-the-netherlands
#12
Joris Timmermans, Coosje Dijkstra, Carlijn Kamphuis, Marlijn Huitink, Egbert van der Zee, Maartje Poelman
(1) Background: This study aimed to explore and define socio-economic (SES) differences in urban school food environments in The Netherlands. (2) Methods: Retail food outlets, ready-to-eat products, in-store food promotions and food advertisements in public space were determined within 400 m walking distance of all secondary schools in the 4th largest city of The Netherlands. Fisher's exact tests were conducted. (3) Results: In total, 115 retail outlets sold ready-to-eat food and drink products during school hours...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566003/changes-and-specificities-in-health-behaviors-among-healthcare-students-over-an-8-year-period
#13
M P Tavolacci, J Delay, S Grigioni, P Déchelotte, J Ladner
BACKGROUND: Healthcare students are future health care providers and serve as role models and coaches to enhance behaviors for healthy lifestyles. However healthcare students face multiple stressors that could lead to adopting risk behaviors. OBJECTIVES: To assess the changes in health risk factors among healthcare students between 2007 and 2015, and to identify specific health behaviors based on the curriculum in a population of healthcare students. METHODS: Two cross sectionnal studies were conducted in 2007 and 2015 among nursing, medical, pharmacy, and physiotherapy students (Rouen, France)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548770/comparison-of-sports-drink-versus-oral-rehydration-solution-during-exercise-in-the-heat
#14
Michael W Schleh, Charles L Dumke
INTRODUCTION: This study compared 2 commercially available beverages, an oral rehydration solution (ORS; 60.9 mM Na+ ; 3.4% carbohydrate) and a sports drink (SDS; 18.4 mM Na+; 5.9% carbohydrate), on hydration and metabolism during submaximal exercise in the heat. METHODS: Ten male subjects completed two 90-min exercise trials (39ºC, 30%) of walking at 50% VO2max followed by a 30-min rest period in the heat while wearing wildland firefighter personal protective clothing...
March 14, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544062/ingestion-of-carbohydrate-or-carbohydrate-plus-protein-does-not-enhance-performance-during-endurance-exercise-a-randomized-cross-over-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Débora Finger, Fábio Juner Lanferdini, Juliano Boufleur Farinha, Clarissa Müller Brusco, Lucas Helal, Francesco Pinto Boeno, Eduardo Lusa Cadore, Ronei Silveira Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Protein (PRO) combined with a carbohydrate (CHO) beverage may have an ergogenic effect on endurance performance. However, evidence regarding its efficacy on similar conditions to athletes' race day is still lacking. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of three different nutritional supplementation strategies on performance and muscle recovery in a duathlon protocol. METHODS: , 13 male athletes (29.7 ± 7.7 years) participated in three simulated Olympic-distance duathlons under three different, randomly assigned, supplementation regimens: carbohydrate drink (CHO, 75 g); isocaloric CHO plus protein drink (CHO+PRO, 60...
March 15, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530373/sleep-disorder-risk-factors-among-student-athletes
#16
Takafumi Monma, Akira Ando, Tohru Asanuma, Yutaka Yoshitake, Goichiro Yoshida, Taiki Miyazawa, Naoyuki Ebine, Satoko Takeda, Naomi Omi, Makoto Satoh, Kumpei Tokuyama, Fumi Takeda
OBJECTIVE: To clarify sleep disorder risk factors among student athletes, this study examined the relationship between lifestyle habits, competition activities, psychological distress, and sleep disorders. METHODS: Student athletes (N = 906; male: 70.1%; average age: 19.1 ± 0.8 years) in five university sports departments from four Japanese regions were targeted for analysis. Survey items were attributes (age, gender, and body mass index), sleep disorders (recorded through the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), lifestyle habits (bedtime, wake-up time, smoking, drinking alcohol, meals, part-time jobs, and use of electronics after lights out), competition activities (activity contents and competition stressors), and psychological distress (recorded through the K6 scale)...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491768/alcohol-drinking-and-low-nutritional-value-food-eating-behavior-of-sports-bettors-in-gambling-advertisements
#17
Hibai Lopez-Gonzalez, Ana Estévez, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Mark D Griffiths
The prevalence of sports betting advertising has become a major concern for gambling regulators, particularly since the legalization of online gambling in many European jurisdictions. Although the composition of gambling advertisement narratives has received some limited attention, nothing is known regarding how betting advertisements (often referred to as "adverts" or "commercials") might be associating gambling with other potentially risky behaviors. The present paper examines the representation of alcohol drinking and low nutritional value food eating in sports betting advertising...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491725/energy-and-sports-drinks-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
Catherine M Pound, Becky Blair
Sports drinks and caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) are commonly consumed by youth. Both sports drinks and CEDs pose potential risks for the health of children and adolescents and may contribute to obesity. Sports drinks are generally unnecessary for children engaged in routine or play-based physical activity. CEDs may affect children and adolescents more than adults because they weigh less and thus experience greater exposure to stimulant ingredients per kilogram of body weight. Paediatricians need to recognize and educate patients and families on the differences between sport drinks and CEDs...
October 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485318/physical-activity-in-relation-to-sleep-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-china
#19
Junxin Li, Binbin Yang, Miranda Varrasse, Xiaopeng Ji, MaoChun Wu, Manman Li, Kun Li
This cross-sectional study was conducted to describe physical activity and sleep in 290 community-dwelling Chinese older adults and to examine the association between physical activity and poor sleep outcomes. Almost half of the sample were poor sleepers. The majority of the sample regularly participated in walking, some household activity and light sports; yet, only a small portion were involved in work-related activity or in strenuous sports. A greater level of overall physical activity [Odds Ratio (OR) =0...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484346/factors-associated-with-pre-event-hydration-status-and-drinking-behavior-of-middle-aged-cyclists
#20
B A Yates, L A Ellis, C L Butts, B P McDermott, K H Williamson, L E Armstrong
OBJECTIVES: Water is an essential nutrient for thermoregulation, metabolism, cognition, and overall physiological homeostatic function. However, aging adults display a blunted thirst mechanism and subsequently have an increased risk for dehydration or hyponatremia. Fluid consumption behaviors are modifiable and the importance of practicing adequate drinking behaviors for aging adults is amplified during exercise. Identification of aging adult's hydration beliefs and how they attain hydration advice could provide valuable information into ways to promote better drinking habits to reduce fluid imbalances...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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