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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165908/association-between-adolescents-consumption-of-total-and-different-types-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-with-oral-health-impacts-and-weight-status
#1
Louise L Hardy, Jane Bell, Adrian Bauman, Seema Mihrshahi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between adolescents' intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with oral health impacts (OHI) and weight status. METHODS: Cross-sectional health survey with anthropometry and self-report OHI (toothache and avoiding some foods because of oral problems) and SSB intake (fruit juice, flavoured water, soft, diet, sports and energy drinks) collected in 2015. RESULTS: A total of 3,671 adolescents participated (50% girls; mean age 13...
November 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160809/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-and-supplement-use-in-paralympic-athletes
#2
Robyn F Madden, Jane Shearer, Jill A Parnell
Dietary intakes and supplement use in Paralympic athletes remains largely unexplored, and specialized recommendations are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutrient intakes and supplement use in high-performance athletes with physical disabilities using three-day food records and a validated dietary supplement use questionnaire. A secondary aim examined gender differences in nutrient and supplement intakes. Male (n = 18) and female (n = 22) athletes were recruited from nine Paralympic sports through sporting organizations, coaches, and social media...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158725/nutritional-supplement-practices-of-professional-ugandan-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Haruna Muwonge, Robert Zavuga, Peninnah Aligawesa Kabenge, Timothy Makubuya
Background: The use of nutritional supplements (NS) places athletes at great risk for inadvertent doping. Due to the paucity of data on supplement use, this study aimed to determine the proportion of Ugandan athletes using nutritional supplements and to investigate the athletes' motivation to use these supplements. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which an interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from 359 professional athletes participating in individual (boxing, cycling, athletics) and team (basketball, rugby, football, netball, and volleyball) sports...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155885/alcohol-intoxication-at-swedish-football-matches-a-study-using-biological-sampling-to-assess-blood-alcohol-concentration-levels-among-spectators
#4
Natalie Durbeej, Tobias H Elgán, Camilla Jalling, Johanna Gripenberg
Alcohol use and alcohol-related problems, including accidents, vandalism and violence, at sporting events are of increased concern in Sweden and other countries. The relationship between alcohol use and violence has been established and can be explained by the level of intoxication. Given the occurrence of alcohol use and alcohol-related problems at sporting events, research has assessed intoxication levels measured through biological sampling among spectators. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the level of alcohol intoxication among spectators at football matches in the Swedish Premier Football League...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151382/exposure-and-perceptions-of-marketing-for-caffeinated-energy-drinks-among-young-canadians
#5
David Hammond, Jessica L Reid
OBJECTIVE: To examine exposure to energy drink marketing among youth and young adults, and test perceptions of energy drink advertisements (ads) regarding target audience age and promoting energy drink use during sports. DESIGN: A between-group experiment randomly assigned respondents to view one of four energy drink ads (sport-themed or control) and assessed perceptions of the ad. Regression models examined marketing exposure and perceptions. SETTING: Online survey (2014)...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140134/a-nutrition-recovery-station-following-recreational-exercise-improves-fruit-consumption-but-does-not-influence-fluid-recovery
#6
Ben Desbrow, Katelyn Barnes, Caroline Young, Gregory R Cox, Chris Irwin
Immediate post-exercise access to fruit/fluid via a recovery "station" is a common feature of mass participation sporting events. Yet little evidence exists examining their impact on subsequent dietary intake. The aim of this study was to determine if access to fruit/water/sports drinks within a recovery station significantly alters dietary and fluid intakes in the immediate post-exercise period and influences hydration status the next morning. 127 (79 males) healthy participants (mean±SD, age=22.5±3.5y, body mass (BM)=73±13kg) completed two self-paced morning 10km runs separated by 1 week...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128103/the-benefits-of-a-low-dose-complex-carbohydrate-citrulline-electrolyte-solution-for-preoperative-carbohydrate-loading-focus-on-glycemic-variability
#7
Barrett A Kielhorn, Anthony J Senagore, Theodor Asgeirsson
BACKGROUND: Perioperative insulin resistance is associated with significant hyperglycemia-related morbidity in patients undergoing major surgery. We sought to assess the effect of preoperative loading with a low-dose maltodextrin/citrulline solution compared to a commercially available sports drink on glycemic levels in an established colorectal enhanced recovery program. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was undertaken of elective non-diabetic colectomies and enterectomies from January 2016-March 2017...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121793/total-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-among-us-adults-was-lower-when-measured-using-a-1-question-versus-4-question-screener
#8
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sohyun Park, Carrie Dooyema, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To compare the performance of a 1-question survey screener measuring total sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake to a screener measuring SSB types separately using 4 questions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Web-based 2014 SummerStyles survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4167 US adults (≥18 years). MEASURES: Frequency of SSB intake measured using a 1-question screener was compared to frequency using a 4-question screener (regular soda, fruit drinks, sports/energy drinks, sweetened coffee/tea)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114645/longitudinal-study-assessing-factors-associated-with-mutans-streptococci-acquisition-in-infants-and-toddlers
#9
Tejasi Avasare, John Warren, Fang Qian, Teresa Marshall, Karin Weber-Gasparoni, David Drake
PURPOSE: To assess the role of sociodemographic, dietary, and clinical factors in early mutans streptococci (MS) colonization in children aged 6 to 24 months who were followed for 18 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-four children (mean age: 11.5 ± 4.99 months at baseline) were enrolled in the study from the Women, Infants and Children Supplemental Nutrition Program during 2003-2004. Salivary MS levels of the children were determined at baseline and at 18 months using a semi-quantitative method...
November 7, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104456/sports-and-hdl-quality-reflected-by-serum-amyloid-a-and-surfactant-protein-b
#10
Michael Sponder, Chantal Kopecky, Ioana-Alexandra Campean, Michael Emich, Monika Fritzer-Szekeres, Brigitte Litschauer, Senta Graf, Marcus D Säemann, Jeanette Strametz-Juranek
Background: The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the influence of long-term physical activity on HDL quality, reflected by serum amyloid A (SAA) and surfactant protein B (SPB). Methods and results: 109 healthy subjects were recruited, 98 completed the study. Participants perform within the calculated training pulse for 8 months. The performance gain was measured/quantified by bicycle stress tests at the beginning and end of the observation period. SAA and SPB were measured at baseline and after 4 and 8 months by ELISA...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095020/-improvement-of-healthy-lifestyle-habits-in-university-students-through-a-gamification-approach
#11
Isaac José Pérez López, Enrique Rivera García, Manuel Delgado-Fernández
INTRODUCTION: Health education is one of the primary tools for health promotion, especially for those that will be responsible for educating on healthy habits in the future. OBJECTIVE: To improve healthy lifestyle habits in university students through an educational intervention based on gamification. METHOD: A cuasiexperimental design of two groups (i.e., experimental groups and control group) with pretest and postest measurements was carried out...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045995/ingesting-a-sports-drink-enhances-simulated-ice-hockey-performance-while-reducing-perceived-effort
#12
Matthew Stephen Palmer, George Heigenhauser, MyLinh Duong, Lawrence L Spriet
This study determined whether ingesting a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution (CES) vs. progressive dehydration affected skeletal muscle glycogen use and performance in ice hockey players during simulated ice hockey exercise comprised of 3 active "periods". Seven males (21.3±0.3 years, 184.7±1.2 cm, 84.2±3.9 kg, and 49.6±1.8 mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)) performed a hockey-specific protocol on two occasions and either dehydrated progressively (NF), or stayed well-hydrated by ingesting a CES. Muscle biopsies were taken at rest, before the 3(rd) period (P3), and after the final sprint in the protocol...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016675/effect-of-small-sided-team-sport-training-and-protein-intake-on-muscle-mass-physical-function-and-markers-of-health-in-older-untrained-adults-a-randomized-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jacob Vorup, Mogens Theisen Pedersen, Lena Kirchner Brahe, Pia Sandfeld Melcher, Joachim Meno Alstrøm, Jens Bangsbo
The effect of small-sided team sport training and protein intake on muscle mass, physical function, and adaptations important for health in untrained older adults was examined. Forty-eight untrained older (72±6 (±standard deviation, SD) years men and women were divided into either a team sport group ingesting a drink high in protein (18 g) immediately and 3 h after each training session (TS-HP, n = 13), a team sport group ingesting an isocaloric drink with low protein content (3 g; TS-LP, n = 18), or a control group continuing their normal activities (CON, n = 17)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981988/longitudinal-physical-activity-trajectories-from-childhood-to-adulthood-and-their-determinants-the-young-finns-study
#14
Suvi P Rovio, Xiaolin Yang, Anna Kankaanpää, Ville Aalto, Mirja Hirvensalo, Risto Telama, Katja Pahkala, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Jorma S A Viikari, Olli T Raitakari, Tuija H Tammelin
BACKGROUND: Determining life-long trajectories and their determinants is essential to promote a physically active lifestyle throughout the life-course. We aimed to identify physical activity (PA) trajectories from childhood to midlife and their determinants in a longitudinal population-based cohort. METHODS: This study is a part of the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. From 1980, a population-based cohort (N=3,596:1764 boys/1832 girls, age 3-18 years) has been followed-up for 31 years...
October 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972854/the-effect-of-milk-on-recovery-from-repeat-sprint-cycling-in-female-team-sport-athletes
#15
Paula Rankin, Michael J Lawlor, Frank A Hills, Phillip G Bell, Emma J Stevenson, Emma Cockburn
The consumption of milk post-eccentric exercise attenuates the effects of muscle damage in team-sport athletes. However, participation in team sport involves both concentric-eccentric loading and metabolic stress. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of post-exercise milk consumption on recovery from a cycling protocol designed to simulate the metabolic demands of team sport. Ten female team-sport athletes participated in a randomised cross-over investigation. Upon completion of the protocol participants consumed 500ml of milk (MILK) or 500ml of an energy-matched carbohydrate (CHO) drink...
October 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913969/spray-inlet-microwave-plasma-torch-ionization-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-the-direct-detection-of-drug-samples-in-liquid-solutions
#16
Meng Miao, Gaosheng Zhao, Yaliang Wang, Li Xu, Junguo Dong, Ping Cheng
RATIONALE: Drug abuse or dependence results in a series of social problems, including crime and traffic accidents. Spray inlet microwave plasma torch tandem mass spectrometry (MPT-MS/MS) was developed and used for the direct detection of such drugs in liquid solutions. METHODS: Drug sample solutions were directly sprayed into the flame of MPT by a sampling pump and the ions produced by Penning ionization and ion-molecule reactions were guided into a QTOF tandem mass spectrometer for mass analysis...
September 14, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893341/validation-of-a-survey-to-examine-drinking-water-access-practices-and-policies-in-schools
#17
Amelie A Hecht, Jacob M Grumbach, Karla E Hampton, Kenneth Hecht, Ellen Braff-Guajardo, Claire D Brindis, Charles E McCulloch, Anisha I Patel
OBJECTIVE: Ensuring ready access to free drinking-water in schools is an important strategy for prevention of obesity and dental caries, and for improving student learning. Yet to date, there are no validated instruments to examine water access in schools. The present study aimed to develop and validate a survey of school administrators to examine school access to beverages, including water and sports drinks, and school and district-level water-related policies and practices. DESIGN: Survey validity was measured by comparing results of telephone surveys of school administrators with on-site observations of beverage access and reviews of school policy documents for any references to beverages...
September 12, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889856/foods-and-beverages-available-at-snap-authorized-drugstores-in-sections%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-north%C3%A2-carolina
#18
Elizabeth F Racine, Ashley Kennedy, Ameena Batada, Mary Story
OBJECTIVE: To assess healthy food availability in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-authorized drugstores by store chain and neighborhood income level in 3 regions of North Carolina. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study. SETTING: Twenty-five counties in North Carolina. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 108 drugstores (36 CVS Health, 36 Rite Aid, and 36 Walgreens). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Fifty foods and beverages offered at drugstores, categorized as healthier and less healthy...
September 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847143/description-of-three-female-24-h-ultra-endurance-race-winners-in-various-weather-conditions-and-disciplines
#19
Daniela Chlíbková, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Alena Žákovská, Karl Sudi
A The incidence of exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) is higher in women than in men. We present three cases of a very mild post-race EAH in female winners of three 24-h ultra races in various weather conditions and disciplines with post-race plasma sodium [Na⁺] levels of 134 mM (Case 1), 133 mM (Case 2) and 134 mM (Case 3). Moreover, Case 1 and Case 2 showed elevated creatine kinase concentrations of >10,000 U/l with an absence of renal function abnormality. The common characteristics were female sex, veteran recreational category, long race experience in the particular sports discipline, excellent race performance, similar total weekly training hours and the presence of luteal phase of the menstrual cycle during the race...
August 31, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828079/effects-of-fluid-ingestion-on-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-and-cognition-during-exercise-in-the-heat
#20
Hee-Tae Roh, Wi-Young So, Su-Youn Cho, Sang-Hoon Suh
We investigated the effects of fluid ingestion during exercise in different environments on the serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor and cognition among athletes. Ten collegiate male athletes (soccer, n = 5; rugby, n = 5) were enrolled, and they completed running tests in the following four conditions (60 min each): 1) thermoneutral temperature at 18°C (group 18); 2) high ambient temperature at 32°C without fluid ingestion (group 32); 3) high ambient temperature at 32°C with water ingestion (group 32+W); and 4) high ambient temperature at 32°C with sports drink ingestion (group 32+S)...
September 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
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