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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526393/energy-drink-consumption-and-marketing-in-south-africa
#1
Nicholas Stacey, Corné van Walbeek, Mashekwa Maboshe, Aviva Tugendhaft, Karen Hofman
Energy drinks are a fast-growing class of beverage containing high levels of caffeine and sugar. Advertising and marketing have been key to their growth in South Africa. This paper documents trends in energy drink consumption and energy drink advertising, and examines the relationship between exposure to energy drink advertising and consumption. Logistic regressions were estimated of categories of energy drink consumption on individual characteristics, as well as exposure to energy drink advertising. Exposure to advertising is measured by reported viewing of channels high in energy drink advertising...
May 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525992/water-and-beverage-consumption-patterns-among-4-to-13-year-old-children-in-the-united-kingdom
#2
Florent Vieux, Matthieu Maillot, Florence Constant, Adam Drewnowski
BACKGROUND: The UK government has announced a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages. The aim of this study was to assess consumption patterns for plain drinking water relative to sugary beverages among UK children. METHODS: Dietary intake data for 845 children aged 4-13 years came from the nationally representative cross-sectional National Diet and Nutrition Survey, 2008-2011. Beverage categories were drinking water (tap or bottled), milk, 100% fruit juices, soda, fruit drinks, tea, coffee, sports drinks, flavored waters, and liquid supplements...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524713/usual-alcohol-consumption-and-risks-for-nonfatal-fall-injuries-in-the-united-states-results-from-the-2004-2013-national-health-interview-survey
#3
Chiung M Chen, Young-Hee Yoon
BACKGROUND: Acute alcohol consumption is known to be a risk factor for fall injuries. OBJECTIVE: The study sought to determine whether usual alcohol consumption increases the risk for nonfatal fall injuries. METHOD: Data from 289,187 sample adults in the 2004-2013 U.S. National Health Interview Surveys were analyzed. Of these, 3,368 (∼1%) reported a total of 3,579 fall-injury episodes requiring medical consultation in the past 3 months...
May 19, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516468/association-between-the-frequency-and-autonomy-of-social-participation-and-self-rated-health
#4
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
AIM: Although numerous studies have reported that social participation (SP) has favorable effects on older people's health, no studies have focused on the autonomy of SP. We investigated the cross-sectional relationship between the type, frequency, and autonomy of SP and self-rated health (SRH). METHODS: A postal survey was mailed to 19 354 citizens born between 1945 and 1949 in a city in Nara prefecture (response rate: 65.9%). A total of 12 157 respondents (5114 men and 7043 women) with independent basic activities of daily living made up the analytical participants...
May 18, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515836/college-students-knowledge-of-recovery-beverage-serving-sizes
#5
Stephanie Lewis, Victoria Baxter, Kim Spaccarotella, Walter Andzel
Previous research suggests that chocolate milk may be a beneficial recovery beverage, yet little is known about how athletes and students training for careers in sports science or health-related fields interpret recommended recovery beverage serving sizes. This study examined college students' ability to correctly apply serving size recommendations for chocolate milk and protein powder used during post-exercise recovery and assessed usual consumption of milk as a recovery beverage. College students (34 women, 39 men) poured the amount of chocolate milk they would consume within 90 minutes after exercise unaided and with the use of a serving size guide...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512433/reported-hydration-beliefs-and-behaviors-without-effect-on-plasma-sodium-in-endurance-athletes
#6
Daniela Chlíbková, Pantelis T Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle, Josef Bednář
Purpose: Little information is available on the association of hydration beliefs and behaviors in endurance athletes and exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH). The aim of the present study was to determine hydration beliefs and behaviors in endurance athletes. Method: A 100 and 38 recreational athletes [107 mountain bikers (MTBers) and 31 runners] competing in seven different endurance and ultra-endurance races completed pre- and post-race questionnaires, and a subgroup of 113 (82%) participants (82 MTBers and 31 runners) also provided their blood samples...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508338/fluid-balance-in-team-sport-athletes-and-the-effect-of-hypohydration-on-cognitive-technical-and-physical-performance
#7
REVIEW
Ryan P Nuccio, Kelly A Barnes, James M Carter, Lindsay B Baker
Sweat losses in team sports can be significant due to repeated bursts of high-intensity activity, as well as the large body size of athletes, equipment and uniform requirements, and environmental heat stress often present during training and competition. In this paper we aimed to: (1) describe sweat losses and fluid balance changes reported in team sport athletes, (2) review the literature assessing the impact of hypohydration on cognitive, technical, and physical performance in sports-specific studies, (3) briefly review the potential mechanisms by which hypohydration may impact team sport performance, and (4) discuss considerations for future directions...
May 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504180/the-glycogen-of-galdieria-sulphuraria-as-alternative-to-starch-for-the-production-of-slowly-digestible-and-resistant-glucose-polymers
#8
Marta Martinez-Garcia, Akrivi Kormpa, Marc J E C van der Maarel
Highly branched glucose polymers produced from starch are applied in various products, such as peritoneal dialysis solutions and sports drinks. Due to its insoluble, granular nature, the use of native starch as substrate requires an energy consuming pre-treatment to achieve solubilization at the expense of process costs. Glycogen, like starch, is also a natural glucose polymer that shows more favorable features, since it is readily soluble in cold water and more accessible by enzymes. The extremophilic red microalga Galdieria sulphuraria accumulates large amounts of a small, highly branched glycogen that could represent a good alternative to starch as substrate for the production of highly branched glucose polymers...
August 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487812/high-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-a-group-of-syrian-university-male-students-and-its-associations-with-smoking-physical-activity-anthropometric-measurements-and-some-hematologic-inflammation-biomarkers
#9
Wafika Zarzour, Nada Dehneh, Mazen Rajab
In Syria, health risk data on young males are limited. Hence, the aim of the present study was to evaluate cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors along with C-reactive protein levels measured by high-sensitive method (hsCRP) in a group of healthy males of university students (n = 101, 18-25 years old). Participants' anthropometric characteristics; alcohol drinking, smoking, and physical activity habits; parents medical history; and some inflammatory biomarkers were inspected for their associations with hsCRP...
2017: International Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475266/a-qualitative-study-exploring-high-school-students-understanding-of-and-attitudes-towards-health-information-and-claims
#10
Leila Cusack, Laura N Desha, Chris B Del Mar, Tammy C Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Exposure to health claims, particularly in the media and social media, is pervasive, and the information conveyed is often inaccurate, incomplete or misleading. Some young people of high school ages are already making decisions about using readily available health interventions (such as sports drinks and beauty products).Although previous research has assessed adults' understanding of health claims, no research has examined this issue in young adults who are attending high school...
May 5, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425898/compliance-with-school-nutrition-policies-in-ontario-and-alberta-an-assessment-of-secondary-school-vending-machine-data-from-the-compass-study
#11
Michelle M Vine, Daniel W Harrington, Alexandra Butler, Karen Patte, Katelyn Godin, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the extent to which a sample of Ontario and Alberta secondary schools are being compliant with their respective provincial nutrition policies, in terms of the food and beverages sold in vending machines. METHODS: This observational study used objective data on drinks and snacks from vending machines, collected over three years of the COMPASS study (2012/2013-2014/2015 school years). Drink (e.g., sugar-containing carbonated/non-carbonated soft drinks, sports drinks, etc...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419459/how-can-we-restrict-the-sale-of-sports-and-energy-drinks-to-children
#12
REVIEW
Gillian Jean
High sugar drinks (HSD) including fruit drinks, soft drinks, sports drinks, and energy drinks, are of no nutritional value and contribute to the burden of dental disease in all age groups. The manufacturers of sports and energy drinks have elected to target children in their marketing campaigns and promote a misleading association between their products, healthy lifestyles and sporting prowess. The WHO has acknowledged that strategies aimed at prevention of dental disease are the only economically viable options for managing the oral health of children in low and middle income countries...
April 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417910/effects-of-three-commercially-available-sports-drinks-on-substrate-metabolism-and-subsequent-endurance-performance-in-a-postprandial-state
#13
Lu Qin, Qi-Rong Wang, Zi-Long Fang, Ting Wang, Ai-Qi Yu, Yu-Jie Zhou, Yi Zheng, Mu-Qing Yi
Purpose: To examine the effects of commercially available sports beverages with various components on substrate metabolism and subsequent performance. Methods: Two studies were conducted in a double-blinded, counterbalanced manner. Study I was designed to determine the glycemic index, while study II determined the utilization of substrates and subsequent exercise performance. Ten healthy male participants (age 21.70 ± 2.41 years, height 176.60 ± 5.23 cm, weight 66.58 ± 5.38 kg, V̇O2max 48.1 ± 8.4 mL/kg/min) participated in both study I and study II...
April 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410414/phthalate-exposure-and-reproductive-hormones-and-sex-hormone-binding-globulin-before-puberty-phthalate-contaminated-foodstuff-episode-in-taiwan
#14
Hui-Ju Wen, Chu-Chih Chen, Ming-Tsang Wu, Mei-Lien Chen, Chien-Wen Sun, Wen-Chiu Wu, I-Wen Huang, Po-Chin Huang, Tzu-Yun Yu, Chao A Hsiung, Shu-Li Wang
BACKGROUND: In May 2011, a major incident involving phthalates-contaminated foodstuffs occurred in Taiwan. Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) was added to foodstuffs, mainly juice, jelly, tea, sports drink, and dietary supplements. Concerns arose that normal pubertal development, especially reproductive hormone regulation in children, could be disrupted by DEHP exposure. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between phthalate exposure and reproductive hormone levels among children following potential exposure to phthalate-tainted foodstuffs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388494/energy-drink-and-alcohol-mixed-energy-drink-use-among-high-school-adolescents-association-with-risk-taking-behavior-social-characteristics
#15
REVIEW
Marco Scalese, Francesca Denoth, Valeria Siciliano, Luca Bastiani, Rodolfo Cotichini, Arianna Cutilli, Sabrina Molinaro
PURPOSE: The aims of the study were to: a) examine the prevalence of energy drink (ED) and alcohol mixed with energy drink (AmED) consumption; b) investigate the relationships between ED and AmED with alcohol, binge drinking and drugs accounting for at risk behaviors among a representative sample of Italian adolescents. METHODS: A representative sample of 30,588 Italian high school students, aged 15-19years, was studied. Binary and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the independent association of the potential predictors' characteristics with the ED and AmED drinking during the last year...
March 27, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376970/energy-drink-use-linked-to-high-sugar-beverage-intake-and-bmi-among-teens
#16
Ronald D Williams, Jeff M Housman, Mary Odum, Alissa E Rivera
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the relationship of energy drink, high-sugar, and low-sugar beverage consumption. METHODS: Mann-Whitney U, Cohen's d and effect sizes were used to examine data from 1737 adolescents in the United States who participated in the 2014 FLASHE Study. Secondary analysis examined consumption of energy drinks, high- and low-sugar beverages, and adolescents' BMIs. RESULTS: Among adolescents, 13.7% (N = 239) reported past 7-day energy drink consumption...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344426/competitive-sports-participation-in-high-school-and-subsequent-substance-use-in-young-adulthood-assessing-differences-based-on-level-of-contact
#17
Philip Veliz, John Schulenberg, Megan Patrick, Deb Kloska, Sean Esteban McCabe, Nicole Zarrett
The objective of this analysis is to examine how participation in different types of competitive sports (based on level of contact) during high school is associated with substance use 1 to 4 years after the 12(th) grade. The analysis uses nationally representative samples of 12(th) graders from the Monitoring the Future Study who were followed 1 to 4 years after the 12(th) grade. The longitudinal sample consisted of 970 12(th) graders from six recent cohorts (2006-2011). The analyses found that respondents who participated in at least one competitive sport during the 12(th) grade had greater odds of binge drinking during the past two weeks (AOR = 2...
March 2017: International Review for the Sociology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337856/contribution-of-snacks-to-dietary-intakes-of-young-children-in-the-united-states
#18
Lenka H Shriver, Barbara J Marriage, Tama D Bloch, Colleen K Spees, Samantha A Ramsay, Rosanna P Watowicz, Christopher A Taylor
Nutritional quality of children's diets is a public health priority in the fight against childhood obesity and chronic diseases. The main purpose of this study was to determine contribution of snacks to energy and nutrient intakes and to identify leading snack food sources of energy, total fat, and added sugars amongst young children in the United States. Using the 2005-2012 NHANES data, dietary intakes of 2- to 5-year-old children were analysed from a parent-reported 24-hour dietary recall (n = 3,429). Snacking occasions were aggregated to determine the proportion of total food/beverage intake obtained from snacks, estimate energy, and nutrient intakes, and identify the leading snack food sources of energy, added sugars, and total fat...
March 23, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317512/alcohol-industry-sponsorship-of-university-student-sports-clubs-in-brazil
#19
Ilana Pinsky, Ana Regina Noto, Maria Carolina Botéquio de Moraes, Elaine Lucas Dos Santos, Robert Sparks, Kerry O'Brien
OBJECTIVE: The university sport environment represents an important target for alcohol industry marketing. This study investigated the nature of relationships between the alcohol industry and university student sports clubs (USSCs). METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with board members from 60 active USSCs in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Interviews were transcribed and subjected to content analysis using NVivo10. RESULTS: All invited USSCs participated in the study...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290934/health-related-coping-behaviors-and-mental-health-in-military-personnel
#20
Jessica Kelley Morgan, Laurel Hourani, Stephen Tueller
BACKGROUND: Our previous research has highlighted the important link between coping behaviors and mental health symptoms in military personnel. This study seeks to extend these findings by examining each coping behavior and mental health issue individually. This study has four specific aims: (1) test cross-sectional relationships between coping and mental health at baseline and follow-up, (2) examine stability of each variable over time, (3) determine the predictive nature of baseline mental health and coping on subsequent mental health and coping, (4) assess the magnitude of each effect to evaluate the differential predictive value of coping behaviors and mental health symptoms...
March 2017: Military Medicine
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