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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039198/built-environment-and-health-a-systematic-review-of-studies-in-germany
#1
Maike Schulz, Matthias Romppel, Gesine Grande
OBJECTIVES: Empirical research on the relationship between the built environment and health is increasing at a tremendous pace. However, findings from Anglo-American countries may not apply to the European context. Therefore, we systematically reviewed the existing evidence on the role of the built environment for leading risk factors and health behavior in Germany. METHODS: Through an extensive search via PubMed and Web of Science, using predefined selection criteria, two independent reviewers identified 25 empirical studies...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039074/caffeine-stimulates-voluntary-wheel-running-in-mice-without-increasing-aerobic-capacity
#2
Gerald C Claghorn, Zoe Thompson, Kristianna Wi, Lindsay Van, Theodore Garland
The "energy drink" Red Bull and the "sports drink" Gatorade are often marketed to athletes, with claims that they cause performance gains. However, both are high in sugars, and also consumed by non-athletes. Few studies have addressed the effects of these drinks or their biologically active components in rodent exercise models. We used three experiments to test effects on both voluntary exercise behavior and maximal aerobic capacity in lines of mice known to differ in "athletic" traits. Mice from four replicate High Runner (HR) lines have been selectively bred for voluntary running on wheels, and run approximately three times as many revolutions per day as do mice from four non-selected Control (C) lines...
December 28, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028987/evaluation-of-the-erosive-potential-of-selected-isotonic-drinks-in-vitro-studies
#3
Aneta Ostrowska, Witold Szymański, Łukasz Kołodziejczyk, Elżbieta Bołtacz-Rzepkowska
BACKGROUND: Isotonic drinks are an important component of the diet of athletes. Sports drinks cause the body to maintain proper hydration and supplement minerals which are lost in sweat during excessive exercising. Aside from the benefits of isotonic drinks, it is important to be aware of the harmful effects of citric acid within the products, which could cause enamel erosion. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the erosive potential of sports drinks using confocal scanning laser microscopy (CLSM)...
November 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004903/fluid-intake-behaviour-in-athletes-during-typical-training-bouts
#4
Alex Buoite Stella, Maria P Francescato, Stacy T Sims, Shawnda A Morrison
BACKGROUND: Hydration habits during training may differ depending on sports mode and individual characteristics. The aim of this study was to assess fluid intake behaviour in a wide sample of Italian athletes during their regular training. METHODS: Data on hydration habits during training were collected from a random sample of competitive athletes. Hydration strategies and personal characteristics were queried via questionnaire, including athletes' quantity and type of fluid ingested during a typical training bout, sport characteristics (e...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997257/solid-gel-and-liquid-carbohydrate-format-effects-on-gut-comfort-and-performance
#5
Mathilde Guillochon, David S Rowlands
Carbohydrate sports drinks produce worthwhile benefits to endurance performance compared with non-caloric controls. However, athletes now consume carbohydrate in a range of formats, including gels and bars, but the comparable performance outcomes are unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish the relative effects of drink, gel, bar, and mixed carbohydrate formats on intense cycling performance. In a treatment-apparent randomised crossover design, 12 well-trained male cyclists completed 4 trials comprising a 140-min race simulation, followed by a double-blind slow-ramp to exhaustion (0...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991836/correlations-between-col2a-and-aggrecan-genetic-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-and-clinicopathological-features-of-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-in-a-chinese-han-population-a-case-control-study
#6
Yu Deng, Xin-Ti Tan, Qiang Wu, Xin Wang
OBJECTIVES: This case-control study was designed to evaluate the association of three COL2A1 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) (rs1793953, rs2276454, and rs1793937) and Aggrecan variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphisms with the risk and clinicopathological features of intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) in a Chinese Han population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 295 IVDD patients (case group) and 324 healthy volunteers (control group) were collected between January 2012 and December 2014...
December 19, 2016: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975342/health-related-behaviour-among-children-of-childhood-cancer-survivors-in-germany
#7
M Balcerek, T Schuster, E Korte, J Seidel, R Schilling, H Hölling, A Borgmann-Staudt
Childhood cancer survivors fear that previous therapy could not only impair their own but also their children's health. We examined whether health-related behaviour in children of childhood cancer survivors differs from the general population.Our first nationwide survey wave (2013-2014) surveyed offspring health in 396 German childhood cancer survivors known to have a child of their own. Answers about health behaviour were analysed using descriptive statistics. Data were collected for 418 offspring and 394 could be integrated for matched-pair analyses with data from the German general population (KIGGS, n=17 641)...
December 14, 2016: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942149/the-effects-of-the-intake-of-an-isotonic-sports-drink-before-orienteering-competitions-on-skeletal-muscle-damage
#8
Filiz Fatma Colakoglu, Banu Cayci, Metin Yaman, Selma Karacan, Suleyman Gonulateş, Gökhan Ipekoglu, Fatmanur Er
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the intake of an isotonic sports drink (500 ml water, 32 gr carbonhydrate, 120 mg calcium, 248 mg chloride, 230 mg sodium) the level of the skeletal muscle damage of orienteering athletes. [Subjects and Methods] The study was carried out on 21 male elite orienteering athletes. The athletes were divided into two groups by randomized double-blind selection. The experimental group (n=11) was given the isotonic sports drink, while the placebo group (n=10) was given 500 ml pure water...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928206/doping-attitudes-and-covariates-of-potential-doping-behaviour-in-high-level-team-sport-athletes-gender-specific-analysis
#9
Damir Sekulic, Enver Tahiraj, Milan Zvan, Natasa Zenic, Ognjen Uljevic, Blaz Lesnik
Team sports are rarely studied with regard to doping behaviour and doping-related factors regardless of their global popularity. This study aimed to investigate doping factors and covariates of potential doping behaviour in high-level team-sport athletes. The subjects were 457 high-performing, national- and international-level athletes (21.9 ± 3.4 years of age; 179 females) involved in volleyball (n = 77), soccer (n = 163), basketball (n = 114) and handball (n = 103). Previously validated self-administered questionnaires aimed at evidencing sport factors, doping-related factors, knowledge on sport nutrition and doping, and attitudes to performance enhancement were used...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892965/diabetes-mellitus-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-mortality-in-japan-the-japan-collaborative-cohort-study
#10
Ce Tan, Mitsuru Mori, Yasushi Adachi, Kenji Wakai, Sadao Suzuki, Koji Suzuki, Shuji Hashimoto, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Akiko Tamakoshi
Objective: Our aim was to estimate whether diabetes mellitus (DM) may be associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality in Japan. Methods: The Japan Collaborative Cohort (JACC) Study is a nationwide prospective study, initiated in 1988, which involves 110,585 subjects (age range: from 40 to 79 years; 46,395 males and 64,190 females). Our present analysis population comprised 96,081 (40,510 men and 55,571 women) who provided details on DM history. The questionnaire also included age, sex, weight, height, family history of CRC, smoking, drinking and exercise habits, and education...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891737/role-of-resistance-physical-exercise-in-preventing-testicular-damage-caused-by-chronic-ethanol-consumption-in-uchb-rats
#11
Gessica Dutra Gonçalves, Nichelle Antunes Vieira, Henrique Rodrigues Vieira, Aline Dias Valério, Gláucia Elóisa Munhoz de Lion Siervo, Patricia Fernanda Felipe Pinheiro, Francisco Eduardo Martinez, Flávia Alessandra Guarnier, Giovana Rampazzo Teixeira, Glaura Scantamburlo Alves Fernandes
Ethanol consumption is associated with spermatogenesis damage and testosterone level alterations. Alcohol remains the most commonly used substance among athletes and sports enthusiasts. This study evaluated whether resistance physical exercise can reduce the testicular damage caused by ethanol exposure. A total of 36 ethanol drinking (UChB) rats were divided into four groups: C (control rats), ETOH (ethanol consumption), ETOH + T (ethanol consumption + physical training), and T (group physical training)...
November 28, 2016: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886566/disentangling-development-of-sensation-seeking-risky-peer-affiliation-and-binge-drinking-in-adolescent-sport
#12
Catherine Frances Drane, Kathryn L Modecki, Bonnie L Barber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878418/factors-associated-with-current-smoking-among-off-reserve-first-nations-and-m%C3%A3-tis-youth-results-from-the-2012-aboriginal-peoples-survey
#13
Christopher Ryan, Scott Leatherdale, Martin Cooke
First Nations and Métis, two of Canada's constitutionally recognized Indigenous groups, suffer from poorer overall health than non-Indigenous Canadians. Current smoking, a known predictor of chronic health conditions, is close to twice as prevalent among Indigenous youth as it is among non-Indigenous Canadian youth. However, little population-level research has examined the correlates of current smoking among this population. Guided by a health framework centered on Indigenous-specific determinants, we used data from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey to examine the correlates of current smoking among First Nations and Métis youth aged 15-17 years living outside of First Nations reserves...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855083/consumption-of-energy-drinks-by-children-and-young-people-a-rapid-review-examining-evidence-of-physical-effects-and-consumer-attitudes
#14
Shelina Visram, Mandy Cheetham, Deborah M Riby, Stephen J Crossley, Amelia A Lake
OBJECTIVE: To examine patterns of energy drink consumption by children and young people, attitudes towards these drinks, and any associations with health or other outcomes. DESIGN: Rapid evidence assessment and narrative synthesis. DATA SOURCES: 9 electronic bibliographic databases, reference lists of relevant studies and searches of the internet. RESULTS: A total of 410 studies were located, with 46 meeting the inclusion criteria...
October 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852613/vitamin-c-enriched-gelatin-supplementation-before-intermittent-activity-augments-collagen-synthesis
#15
Gregory Shaw, Ann Lee-Barthel, Megan Lr Ross, Bing Wang, Keith Baar
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are the most common complaint in active populations. More than 50% of all injuries in sports can be classified as sprains, strains, ruptures, or breaks of musculoskeletal tissues. Nutritional and/or exercise interventions that increase collagen synthesis and strengthen these tissues could have an important effect on injury rates. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to determine whether gelatin supplementation could increase collagen synthesis...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847745/carbohydrate-electrolyte-drinks-exhibit-risks-for-human-enamel-surface-loss
#16
Mary Anne Sampaio de Melo, Vanara Florêncio Passos, Juliana Paiva Marques Lima, Sérgio Lima Santiago, Lidiany Karla Azevedo Rodrigues
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this investigation was to give insights into the impact of carbohydrate-electrolyte drinks on the likely capacity of enamel surface dissolution and the influence of human saliva exposure as a biological protective factor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pH, titratable acidity (TA) to pH 7.0, and buffer capacity (β) of common beverages ingested by patients under physical activity were analyzed. Then, we randomly distributed 50 specimens of human enamel into 5 groups...
November 2016: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836526/influences-of-lifestyle-factors-on-cardiac-autonomic-nervous-system-activity-over-time
#17
Mandy Xian Hu, Femke Lamers, Eco J C de Geus, Brenda W J H Penninx
Physical activity, alcohol use and smoking might affect cardiovascular disease through modifying autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity. We investigated: 1) whether there are consistent relationships between lifestyle factors and cardiac ANS activity over time, and 2) whether 2-year changes in lifestyle factors relate to 2-year changes in cardiac activity. Baseline (n=2618) and 2-year follow-up (n=2010) data of the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety was combined. Baseline data was collected in the Netherlands from 2004-2007...
January 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803013/when-plenty-is-too-much-water-intoxication-in-a-patient-with-a-simple-urinary-tract-infection
#18
Laura Christine Lee, Maryann Noronha
Healthcare professionals frequently advise patients with simple infective illness to drink more fluids. Here, a 59-year-old woman with a urinary tract infection followed such advice resulting in hospital admission with symptomatic acute hyponatraemia. Water intoxication is well recognised as a cause of symptomatic hyponatraemia in endurance sports, MDMA use and psychogenic polydipsia. It has rarely been described outside of these circumstances. With normal renal function, it is difficult to overwhelm the excretory capacity for water...
November 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800480/post-exercise-rehydration-effect-of-consumption-of-beer-with-varying-alcohol-content-on-fluid-balance-after-mild-dehydration
#19
Annemarthe H C Wijnen, Jora Steennis, Milène Catoire, Floris C Wardenaar, Marco Mensink
PURPOSE: The effects of moderate beer consumption after physical activity on rehydration and fluid balance are not completely clear. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the effect of beer consumption, with varying alcohol content, on fluid balance after exercise-induced dehydration. METHODS: Eleven healthy males were included in this cross over study (age 24.5 ± 4.7 years, body weight 75.4 ± 3.3 kg, VO2max 58.3 ± 6.4 mL kg min(-1)). Subjects exercised on a cycle ergometer for 45 min at 60% of their maximal power output (Wmax) until mild dehydration (1% body mass loss)...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798398/positive-and-negative-themes-found-in-sport-related-films
#20
Hannah M Wakefield, Robert P Olympia, Tonya S King, Bryan H Wakefield, Chris J Weber
Sport participation is an important part of the development of children and adolescents in the United States. The objective of this study was to determine positive and negative themes found in a selected number of sport-related films. A total of 44 sport-related films were independently viewed and analyzed by four reviewers. The most common sports depicted were baseball (27%) and football (25%). The most common positive themes were positive interactions with the coach, positive interactions with family and friends, and positive interactions with teammates (2...
October 23, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
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