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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338922/alcohol-consumption-masculinity-and-alcohol-related-violence-and-anti-social-behaviour-in-sportspeople
#1
Kerry S O'Brien, Walter Forrest, Iain Greenlees, Daniel Rhind, Sophia Jowett, Ilana Pinsky, Albert Espelt, Marina Bosque-Prous, Anders Larrabee Sonderlund, Matteo Vergani, Muhammad Iqbal
OBJECTIVES: There is no research examining alcohol-related aggression and anti-social behaviour in UK or European sportspeople (athletes), and no research has examined relationships between masculinity, alcohol consumption, and alcohol-related aggression and antisocial behaviour in sportspeople (athletes). This study addresses this gap. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: A sample (N=2048; women=892, 44%) of in season sportspeople enrolled at UK universities (response 83%), completed measures of masculinity, alcohol consumption, within-sport (on-field) violence, and having been the perpetrator and/or victim of alcohol-related violent/aggressive and antisocial behaviour (e...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338704/alcohol-marketing-on-youtube-exploratory-analysis-of-content-adaptation-to-enhance-user-engagement-in-different-national-contexts
#2
Himanshu Gupta, Tina Lam, Simone Pettigrew, Robert J Tait
BACKGROUND: We know little about how social media alcohol marketing is utilized for alcohol promotion in different national contexts. There does not appear to be any academic work on online exposure to alcohol marketing via social media in India, and most of the limited research in Australia has focused on Facebook. Hence, the present study extends previous research by investigating alcohol promotion conducted on an under-researched form of social media (YouTube) in two contrasting geographic contexts...
January 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327216/dental-erosion-prevalence-and-risk-factors-among-a-group-of-adolescents-in-stockholm-county
#3
M Skalsky Jarkander, M Grindefjord, K Carlstedt
AIMS: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of dental erosion (DE) among a group of adolescents in Stockholm County. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross sectional cohort study was conducted at three clinics of the Public Dental Service in Stockholm County. Fifteen and 17 year old adolescents (1335) who scheduled their regular dental health examination were asked to participate. After drop-outs a sample of 1071 individuals, 547 males and 524 females were enrolled in the study...
January 11, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319761/isotonic-sports-drink-promotes-rehydration-and-decreases-proteinuria-following-karate-training
#4
Simone Geraldini, Igor de Freitas Cruz, Alexandre Romero, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca, Michelle Parreira de Campos
INTRODUCTION: Adequate hydration status in the sport is essential for good health, yet the relationship between hydration, proteinuria and sports is little studied. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the influence of an isotonic sports drink as rehydration strategy on the hydration status and proteinuria after karate training. METHODS: Ten athletes participated in this study. In the first session of standard training, called observation training session (STO), the athletes hydrated themselves according to their habits, and in the second session of standard training, called nutritional intervention training session (STIN), an ideal practice of hydration protocol was followed, using an isotonic sports drink as a rehydration liquid during the training...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282165/in-vitro-effects-of-sports-and-energy-drinks-on-streptococcus-mutans-biofilm-formation-and-metabolic-activity
#5
LaQuia A Vinson, Amy K Goodlett, Ruijie Huang, George J Eckert, Richard L Gregory
PURPOSE: Sports and energy drinks are being increasingly consumed and contain large amounts of sugars, which are known to increase Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation and metabolic activity. The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effects of sports and energy drinks on S. mutans biofilm formation and metabolic activity. METHODS: S. mutans UA159 was cultured with and without a dilution (1:3 ratio) of a variety of sports and energy drinks in bacterial media for 24 hours...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282031/competing-with-big-business-a-randomised-experiment-testing-the-effects-of-messages-to-promote-alcohol-and-sugary-drink-control-policy
#6
Maree Scully, Emily Brennan, Sarah Durkin, Helen Dixon, Melanie Wakefield, Colleen L Barry, Jeff Niederdeppe
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based policies encouraging healthy behaviours are often strongly opposed by well-funded industry groups. As public support is crucial for policy change, public health advocates need to be equipped with strategies to offset the impact of anti-policy messages. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effectiveness of theory-based public health advocacy messages in generating public support for sugary drink/alcohol policies (increased taxes; sport sponsorship bans) and improving resistance to subsequent anti-policy messages typical of the sugary drink/alcohol industry...
December 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280665/use-of-nutritional-supplements-and-ergogenic-aids-in-professional-tennis-players
#7
Álvaro López-Samanes, Víctor Moreno-Pérez, Mark S Kovacs, Jesús G Pallarés, Ricardo Mora-Rodríguez, Juan F Ortega
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional supplements and ergogenic aids (NS&EA) are used between training/matches with the goal of enhancing tennis performance. Scientific literature about prevalence and use of NS&EA in professional tennis players is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the NS&EA used by professional tennis players during a season. METHODS: Using a validated self-administered questionnaire, 62 professional male and 9 professional female tennis players (11% in their gender specific top 100 tennis world ranking (i...
November 17, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279574/sports-drink-consumption-and-dental-erosion-among-amateur-runners
#8
Leonardo S Antunes, Lais Veiga, Victor S Nery, Caio C Nery, Lívia A Antunes
This cross-sectional study assessed the prevalence and potential risk factors for dental erosion in amateur athletes at running events. After a sample calculation, 108 runners from the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, were selected and examined for dental wear by a single trained and calibrated evaluator (kappa = 1.00). To identify risk factors, the runners were interviewed by using a standardized, semi-structured questionnaire. The average (SD) age of the runners was 34.2 (11.45), and the prevalence of dental erosion was 19...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208064/sleep-indices-and-eating-behaviours-in-young-adults-findings-from-project-eat
#9
Rachel P Ogilvie, Pamela L Lutsey, Rachel Widome, Melissa N Laska, Nicole Larson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: To test the associations between sleep indices and eating behaviours in young adults, a group vulnerable to suboptimal sleep. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of survey measures of sleep (i.e. time in bed, variability, timing and quality) and dietary patterns (i.e. breakfast skipping, eating at fast-food restaurants, consumption of sports and energy drinks, and sugar-free, sugar-sweetened and caffeinated beverages). SETTING: Minneapolis/St...
December 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207741/prevalence-of-chronic-morbidity-and-sociodemographic-profile-of-police-personnel-a-study-from-gujarat
#10
Kishankumar Maheshkumar Bhatia, Niraj Pandit
Introduction: The police personnel are special group of population that work for minimum 12 hours a day. They are at risk of various types of chronic morbidities. Aim: To determine the sociodemographic, chronic morbidity and health profile of police personnel of Vadodara district. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted on the police force of Vadodara district, Gujarat, India. The present study was the outcome of health checkup camp for police personnel...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190753/children-and-young-people-s-perceptions-of-energy-drinks-a-qualitative-study
#11
Shelina Visram, Stephen J Crossley, Mandy Cheetham, Amelia Lake
BACKGROUND: Consumption of soft drinks is declining in many countries, yet energy drink sales continue to increase, particularly amongst young consumers. Little is currently known about the drivers behind these trends. Energy drinks are high in sugar and caffeine, and evidence indicates that regular or heavy use by under 18s is likely to be detrimental to health. This study aimed to explore children and young people's attitudes and perceptions in relation to energy drinks in a UK context...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165908/association-between-adolescents-consumption-of-total-and-different-types-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-with-oral-health-impacts-and-weight-status
#12
Louise L Hardy, Jane Bell, Adrian Bauman, Seema Mihrshahi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between adolescents' intake of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with oral health impacts (OHI) and weight status. METHODS: Cross-sectional health survey with anthropometry and self-report OHI (toothache and avoiding some foods because of oral problems) and SSB intake (fruit juice, flavoured water, soft, diet, sports and energy drinks) collected in 2015. RESULTS: A total of 3,671 adolescents participated (50% girls; mean age 13...
November 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160809/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-and-supplement-use-in-paralympic-athletes
#13
Robyn F Madden, Jane Shearer, Jill A Parnell
Dietary intakes and supplement use in Paralympic athletes remains largely unexplored, and specialized recommendations are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutrient intakes and supplement use in high-performance athletes with physical disabilities using three-day food records and a validated dietary supplement use questionnaire. A secondary aim examined gender differences in nutrient and supplement intakes. Male (n = 18) and female (n = 22) athletes were recruited from nine Paralympic sports through sporting organizations, coaches, and social media...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158725/nutritional-supplement-practices-of-professional-ugandan-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Haruna Muwonge, Robert Zavuga, Peninnah Aligawesa Kabenge, Timothy Makubuya
Background: The use of nutritional supplements (NS) places athletes at great risk for inadvertent doping. Due to the paucity of data on supplement use, this study aimed to determine the proportion of Ugandan athletes using nutritional supplements and to investigate the athletes' motivation to use these supplements. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which an interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from 359 professional athletes participating in individual (boxing, cycling, athletics) and team (basketball, rugby, football, netball, and volleyball) sports...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155885/alcohol-intoxication-at-swedish-football-matches-a-study-using-biological-sampling-to-assess-blood-alcohol-concentration-levels-among-spectators
#15
Natalie Durbeej, Tobias H Elgán, Camilla Jalling, Johanna Gripenberg
Alcohol use and alcohol-related problems, including accidents, vandalism and violence, at sporting events are of increased concern in Sweden and other countries. The relationship between alcohol use and violence has been established and can be explained by the level of intoxication. Given the occurrence of alcohol use and alcohol-related problems at sporting events, research has assessed intoxication levels measured through biological sampling among spectators. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the level of alcohol intoxication among spectators at football matches in the Swedish Premier Football League...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151382/exposure-and-perceptions-of-marketing-for-caffeinated-energy-drinks-among-young-canadians
#16
David Hammond, Jessica L Reid
OBJECTIVE: To examine exposure to energy drink marketing among youth and young adults, and test perceptions of energy drink advertisements (ads) regarding target audience age and promoting energy drink use during sports. DESIGN: A between-group experiment randomly assigned respondents to view one of four energy drink ads (sport-themed or control) and assessed perceptions of the ad. Regression models examined marketing exposure and perceptions. SETTING: Online survey (2014)...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140134/a-nutrition-recovery-station-following-recreational-exercise-improves-fruit-consumption-but-does-not-influence-fluid-recovery
#17
Ben Desbrow, Katelyn Barnes, Caroline Young, Gregory R Cox, Chris Irwin
Immediate post-exercise access to fruit/fluid via a recovery "station" is a common feature of mass participation sporting events. Yet little evidence exists examining their impact on subsequent dietary intake. The aim of this study was to determine if access to fruit/water/sports drinks within a recovery station significantly alters dietary and fluid intakes in the immediate post-exercise period and influences hydration status the next morning. 127 (79 males) healthy participants (mean±SD, age=22.5±3.5y, body mass (BM)=73±13kg) completed two self-paced morning 10km runs separated by 1 week...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128103/the-benefits-of-a-low-dose-complex-carbohydrate-citrulline-electrolyte-solution-for-preoperative-carbohydrate-loading-focus-on-glycemic-variability
#18
Barrett A Kielhorn, Anthony J Senagore, Theodor Asgeirsson
BACKGROUND: Perioperative insulin resistance is associated with significant hyperglycemia-related morbidity in patients undergoing major surgery. We sought to assess the effect of preoperative loading with a low-dose maltodextrin/citrulline solution compared to a commercially available sports drink on glycemic levels in an established colorectal enhanced recovery program. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was undertaken of elective non-diabetic colectomies and enterectomies from January 2016-March 2017...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121793/total-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-among-us-adults-was-lower-when-measured-using-a-1-question-versus-4-question-screener
#19
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Sohyun Park, Carrie Dooyema, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To compare the performance of a 1-question survey screener measuring total sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake to a screener measuring SSB types separately using 4 questions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Web-based 2014 SummerStyles survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4167 US adults (≥18 years). MEASURES: Frequency of SSB intake measured using a 1-question screener was compared to frequency using a 4-question screener (regular soda, fruit drinks, sports/energy drinks, sweetened coffee/tea)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114645/longitudinal-study-assessing-factors-associated-with-mutans-streptococci-acquisition-in-infants-and-toddlers
#20
Tejasi Avasare, John Warren, Fang Qian, Teresa Marshall, Karin Weber-Gasparoni, David Drake
PURPOSE: To assess the role of sociodemographic, dietary, and clinical factors in early mutans streptococci (MS) colonization in children aged 6 to 24 months who were followed for 18 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-four children (mean age: 11.5 ± 4.99 months at baseline) were enrolled in the study from the Women, Infants and Children Supplemental Nutrition Program during 2003-2004. Salivary MS levels of the children were determined at baseline and at 18 months using a semi-quantitative method...
November 7, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
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