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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805442/the-secret-to-happiness-feeling-good-or-feeling-right
#1
Maya Tamir, Shalom H Schwartz, Shige Oishi, Min Y Kim
Which emotional experiences should people pursue to optimize happiness? According to traditional subjective well-being research, the more pleasant emotions we experience, the happier we are. According to Aristotle, the more we experience the emotions we want to experience, the happier we are. We tested both predictions in a cross-cultural sample of 2,324 participants from 8 countries around the world. We assessed experienced emotions, desired emotions, and indices of well-being and depressive symptoms. Across cultures, happier people were those who more often experienced emotions they wanted to experience, whether these were pleasant (e...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805419/creating-space-for-relationships
#2
Susan L Maataoui, Jodi S Hardwick, Tessa S Lundquist
Sexuality is a key component of personality and behavior, encompassing basic human needs for touch, intimacy, love, affection, and sexual behavior. The design of long-term care facilities makes it almost impossible for a resident to be sexually intimate, to share romantic moments, or to have a meal in a private setting. This case study describes the rationale and process used to establish a private guestroom called the Family Room at Patriots Place, the specialized dementia unit in the Veterans Affairs (VA) Maine Healthcare System Community Living Center (CLC)...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804510/the-nonverbal-communication-of-positive-emotions-an-emotion-family-approach
#3
Disa A Sauter
This review provides an overview of the research on nonverbal expressions of positive emotions, organised into emotion families, that is, clusters sharing common characteristics. Epistemological positive emotions (amusement, relief, awe, and interest) are found to have distinct, recognisable displays via vocal or facial cues, while the agency-approach positive emotions (elation and pride) appear to be associated with recognisable visual, but not auditory, cues. Evidence is less strong for the prosocial emotions (love, compassion, gratitude, and admiration) in any modality other than touch, and there is little support for distinct recognisable signals of the savouring positive emotions (contentment, sensory pleasure, and desire)...
July 2017: Emotion Review: Journal of the International Society for Research on Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801273/building-concepts-one-episode-at-a-time-the-hippocampus-and-concept-formation
#4
REVIEW
Michael L Mack, Bradley C Love, Alison R Preston
Concepts organize our experiences and allow for meaningful inferences in novel situations. Acquiring new concepts requires extracting regularities across multiple learning experiences, a process formalized in mathematical models of learning. These models posit a computational framework that has increasingly aligned with the expanding repertoire of functions associated with the hippocampus. Here, we propose the Episodes-to-Concepts (EpCon) theoretical model of hippocampal function in concept learning and review evidence for the hippocampal computations that support concept formation including memory integration, attentional biasing, and memory-based prediction error...
August 8, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800337/the-new-zealand-neuromuscular-disease-patient-registry-five-years-and-a-thousand-patients
#5
Miriam J Rodrigues, Gina L O'Grady, Graeme Hammond-Tooke, Alexa Kidd, Donald O Love, Ronelle K Baker, Richard H Roxburgh
The New Zealand Neuromuscular Disease Patient Registry has been recruiting for five years. Its primary aim is to enable people with neuromuscular disease to participate in research including clinical trials. It has contributed data to large anonymised cohort studies and many feasibility studies, and has provided practical information and advice to researchers wanting to work with people with neuromuscular conditions. 1019 people have enrolled since the Registry's launch in August 2011 with over 70 different diagnoses...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799851/the-role-of-internalized-homonegativity-in-the-faith-and-psychological-health-of-lesbians
#6
Dane R Whicker, Ed de St Aubin, Kim Skerven
Among lesbians, faith-based beliefs and behaviors may be associated with negative psychological health due to the interplay between religious and sexual identities. The present study examined health outcomes, faith-based beliefs (views of God as loving and controlling), faith-based behaviors (personal spiritual practices, religious activities), and internalized homonegativity in a sample of 225 self-identified lesbians. We hypothesized that internalized homonegativity would moderate the relationship between health outcomes and faith-based beliefs and behaviors among lesbians...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799640/from-a-story-of-pain-a-tale-of-love-for-patients-and-science
#7
Andrea Ferrari, Maura Massimino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798715/the-sooner-the-worse-association-between-earlier-age-of-sexual-initiation-and-worse-adolescent-health-and-well-being-outcomes
#8
Alfonso Osorio, Cristina Lopez-Del Burgo, Silvia Carlos, Jokin de Irala
This cross-sectional study assesses the association between age of sexual initiation during adolescence and a selection of well-being outcomes regarding that first relationship. High-school adolescents from El Salvador (2,686) and from Peru (3,399) replied to a paper-pencil questionnaire. Those who were sexually initiated replied to several questions regarding their age at sexual initiation, condom use, satisfaction and reasons/circumstances for that sexual relationship. Approximately 19% of participants were sexually initiated (n = 1,179)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797852/talking-about-death-with-terminally-ill-cancer-patients-what-contributes-to-the-regret-of-bereaved-family-members
#9
Masanori Mori, Saran Yoshida, Mariko Shiozaki, Mika Baba, Tatsuya Morita, Maho Aoyama, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Satoru Tsuneto, Yasuo Shima, Mitsunori Miyashita
CONTEXT: Talking about death is an important issue for terminally-ill cancer patients and their families. Little is known about how often and which bereaved families regret not having talked about death with their deceased loved one. OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence of a regret of not having talked about death with a deceased loved one among bereaved family members of adult cancer patients, and to systematically explore factors contributing to their regret...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796736/surgical-site-infection-in-colorectal-surgery-a-study-in-antibiotic-duration
#10
Mark Dornfeld, Jenna K Lovely, Marianne Huebner, David W Larson
BACKGROUND: Despite distant historical studies that demonstrated the adequacy of preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis, current surgical practice continues to use antibiotics for postoperative coverage up to 24 hours. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate a change in antibiotic prophylaxis duration and its effect on surgical site infection in a high-volume modern colorectal practice. DESIGN: A case-controlled series retrospectively reviewed outcomes through a prospective validated data base...
September 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796453/sociology-as-a-love-story-confessions-of-a-movement-scribe
#11
Judith Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794001/randomized-comparison-of-ridaforolimus-eluting-and-zotarolimus-eluting-coronary-stents-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-primary-results-from-the-bionics-trial
#12
David E Kandzari, Pieter C Smits, Michael P Love, Ori Ben-Yehuda, Shmuel Banai, Simon D Robinson, Michael Jonas, Ran Kornowski, Rodrigo Bagur, Andres Iniguez, Haim D Danenberg, Robert L Feldman, Rajiv Jauhar, Harish Chandna, Manish A Parikh, Gidon Y Perlman, Mercedes Balcells, Peter M Markham, Melek Ozgu Ozan, Philippe Genereux, Elazer Edelman, Martin B Leon, Gregg W Stone
Background -The safety and efficacy of a novel cobalt alloy-based coronary stent with a durable elastomeric polymer eluting the antiproliferative agent ridaforolimus for treatment of patients with coronary artery disease is undetermined. Methods -A prospective, international 1:1 randomized trial was conducted to evaluate in a noninferiority design the relative safety and efficacy of ridaforolimus-eluting stents (RES) and slow-release zotarolimus-eluting stents (ZES) among 1,919 patients at 76 centers undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention...
August 9, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793320/microsomal-triglyceride-transfer-protein-contributes-to-lipid-droplet-maturation-in-adipocytes
#13
Larry L Swift, Joseph D Love, Carla M Harris, Benny H Chang, W Gray Jerome
Previous studies in our laboratory have established the presence of MTP in both white and brown adipose tissue in mice as well as in 3T3-L1 cells. Additional studies demonstrated an increase in MTP levels as 3T3-L1 cells differentiate into adipocytes concurrent with the movement of MTP from the juxtanuclear region of the cell to the surface of lipid droplets. This suggested a role for MTP in lipid droplet biogenesis and/or maturation. To probe the role of MTP in adipocytes, we used a Cre-Lox approach with aP2-Cre and Adipoq-Cre recombinase transgenic mice to knock down MTP expression in brown and white fat of mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792362/posttraumatic-growth-following-the-loss-of-a-pet
#14
Wendy Packman, Cori Bussolari, Rachel Katz, Betty J Carmack, Nigel P Field
The current study examined posttraumatic growth (PTG) experienced by bereaved pet owners following the death of their pet. Using qualitative methodology, we analyzed responses of 308 participants who answered yes to a question about experiencing PTG. Within the five factors model of PTG, the most endorsed included the following: Relating to Others ( n = 76), Appreciation of Life ( n = 52), Personal Strength ( n = 51), Spiritual Change ( n = 32), and New Possibilities ( n = 29). Other themes not captured by the PTG included as follows: relating to animals ( n = 70), continuing bonds ( n = 53), attachment relationship ( n = 44), and unconditional love ( n = 13)...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792361/posttraumatic-growth-and-bereavement-the-contribution-of-self-determination-theory
#15
Andrew B Lumb, Myriam Beaudry, Celine Blanchard
No research drawing from Self-Determination Theory has investigated the bereavement experience of individuals or how motivation can help facilitate posttraumatic growth (PTG) following the death of a loved one. In two cross-sectional studies, university students completed an online survey. Study 1 investigated the contribution of global autonomous and controlled motivation in statistically predicting PTG above and beyond previously researched correlates. Study 2 explored the mediating role of cognitive appraisals and coping in explaining the relationship between global motivation orientations and PTG...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792360/in-their-own-words-a-qualitative-exploration-of-last-statements-of-capital-punishment-inmates-in-the-state-of-missouri-1995-2011
#16
Maranda A Upton, Tabitha M Carwile, Kristina S Brown
Last statements have been a common practice as part of capital punishment as far back as the 1300s in Europe. In the United States, the first execution occurred in 1608, and currently, 32 states have the death penalty. In 1991, Missouri integrated death row inmates into the general prison population, which makes this population unique compared with other death row populations across the United States. This article is a qualitative study on the themes found in the last statements of 46 capitally punished inmates in Missouri from 1995 to 2011...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792353/czech-adaption-of-the-collett-lester-fear-of-death-scale-in-a-sample-of-nursing-students
#17
Radka Bužgová, Eva Janíková
The use of multidimensional scales for assessing fear of death among nursing students can assist in teaching and evaluating the effectiveness of targeted training in thanatology. Research has demonstrated good psychometric characteristics of the Czech version of the Collett-Lester Fear of Death Scale (CL-FODS). It was applied to nursing students ( N = 256), who reported as their biggest fear the process of their own dying. Greater fear of death and dying was found in students who had no experience of the dying and death of a loved one...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791049/effectiveness-of-liquid-liquid-extraction-solid-phase-extraction-and-headspace-technique-for-determination-of-some-volatile-water-soluble-compounds-of-rose-aromatic-water
#18
Hale Seçilmiş Canbay
Steam distillation is used to isolate scent of rose flowers. Rose aromatic water is commonly used in European cuisine and aromatherapy besides its use in cosmetic industry for its lovely scent. In this study, three different sampling techniques, liquid-liquid extraction (LLE), headspace technique (HS), and solid phase extraction (SPE), were compared for the analysis of volatile water-soluble compounds in commercial rose aromatic water. Some volatile water-soluble compounds of rose aromatic water were also analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS)...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787300/to-improve-substance-use-disorder-prevention-treatment-and-recovery-engage-the-family
#19
Alicia S Ventura, Sarah M Bagley
: Approximately 21 million people in the United States have a substance use disorder (SUD); the number of family members impacted by a loved one's SUD is exponentially greater. Affected family members of individuals with SUDs are at high risk for developing chronic medical and psychiatric health conditions, are high utilizers of the health care system, and have high health care expenditures. Family members play a central role in the lives of many individuals with SUDs; information given to family members can have a significant impact on persons with addiction and therefore the SUD treatment that an individual might receive...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785864/beyond-death-and-dying-how-chinese-spouses-navigate-the-final-days-with-their-loved-ones-suffering-from-terminal-cancer
#20
B P M Chung, D Leung, S M Leung, A Y Loke
While advances in biomedicine exist for cancer, its diagnosis and treatment still bring the threat of mortality to the forefront of spouses' lives. Family conflict is largely due to unmet expectations that generate a lot of physical and emotional distress for spouses, as the primary surrogates. Moreover, older individuals in Hong Kong tend to lack control of where they die and who is present at the end of their lives. Deeper understanding of Chinese spouses' perspectives is needed to generate new insights, particularly in how spouses cope with caregiving...
August 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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