keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Core

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743174/the-effectiveness-of-a-group-intervention-to-facilitate-posttraumatic-growth-among-women-with-breast-cancer
#1
Catarina Ramos, Pedro Alexandre Costa, Tânia Rudnicki, Ana Lúcia Marôco, Isabel Leal, Raquel Guimarães, José Luís Fougo, Richard G Tedeschi
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study tested the effectiveness of a group intervention designed to facilitate Posttraumatic Growth (PTG). The effects of group participation on components of the PTG model were also explored. METHODS: Sample consisted of 205 women diagnosed with non-metastatic breast cancer who were either assigned to an intervention group (n = 58) or to a control group (n = 147). PTG, challenge to core beliefs, and rumination (intrusive and deliberate) were assessed at baseline (T1), at 6 months (T2) and at 12 months after baseline (T3)...
July 25, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743152/-prevention-of-perioperative-hypothermia-guidelines-for-daily-clinical-practice
#2
Timo Iden, Jan Höcker
Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (body core temperature < 36 °C) is a serious complication leading to increased rates of wound infection, higher blood loss associated with increased transfusion requirements as well as patient dissatisfaction among others. Body core temperature is a vital parameter and needs constant monitoring just like heart rate, blood pressure and arterial oxygen saturation. Patient-, anesthesia-, surgery- and environment-related risk factors were identified for occurring perioperative hypothermia...
July 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743091/performance-comparison-of-two-herbal-and-industrial-medicines-using-nanoparticles-with-a-starch-cellulose-shell-and-alginate-core-for-drug-delivery-in-vitro-studies
#3
Akbar Esmaeili, Sahar Behzadi
In this study, the performance of two kinds of industrial and herbal drugs encapsulated in nanoparticles with a shell of starch and cellulose and an alginate core were examined as a new technique for nanoparticle drug delivery. The test method involved creating a suspension of starch and alginate, which was then dried, mixed with cellulose, and heated to form core-shell nanoparticles. The industrial drug calcitonin and an extract of the herb Amaranthus retroflexcus L. were added separately and in combination to the nanoparticles, and the performance of each configuration was evaluated...
July 18, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743088/chitosan-derived-co-spheroids-of-neural-stem-cells-and-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-neural-regeneration
#4
Hao-Wei Han, Shan-Hui Hsu
Chitosan has been considered as candidate biomaterials for neural applications. The effective treatment of neurodegeneration or injury to the central nervous system (CNS) is still in lack nowadays. Adult neural stem cells (NSCs) represents a promising cell source to treat the CNS diseases but they are limited in number. Here, we developed the core-shell spheroids of NSCs (shell) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs, core) by co-culturing cells on the chitosan surface. The NSCs in chitosan derived co-spheroids displayed a higher survival rate than those in NSC homo-spheroids...
July 18, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743059/altered-connectivity-within-and-between-the-default-mode-central-executive-and-salience-networks-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#5
Jie Fan, Mingtian Zhong, Jun Gan, Wanting Liu, Chaoyang Niu, Haiyan Liao, Hongchun Zhang, Jinyao Yi, Raymond C K Chan, Changlian Tan, Xiongzhao Zhu
BACKGROUND: Default mode network (DMN), central executive network (CEN) and salience network (SN) are the three most important intrinsic networks of the human brain. Recent studies emphasized the importance of the "triple-network model" which illustrated the interactions within and between DMN, CEN and SN in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders. However, previous studies of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) just explored the altered connectivity within these networks while neglected the coupling between them...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743058/oral-nanotherapeutics-redox-nanoparticles-attenuate-ultraviolet-b-radiation-induced-skin-inflammatory-disorders-in-kud-hr-hairless-mice
#6
Chitho P Feliciano, Yukio Nagasaki
The active participation of an anti-inflammatory drug in the biological pathways of inflammation is crucial for the achievement of beneficial and therapeutic effects. This study demonstrated the development of redox nanoparticles that can circulate in the blood at significantly high levels, thus increasing their efficacy as an oral treatment against the deleterious effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in an in vivo inflammatory skin model. To confirm the blood bioavailability of the nanoparticles, mice were injected with the nanoparticles solution (RNP(N)) via oral gavage...
July 12, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743030/reactive-ceo2-nanofluids-for-uv-protective-films
#7
Rafael Maniglia, Kenneth J Reed, John Texter
We investigate surface modification by organo-trimethoxysilanes of nano-ceria and if such surface-modified nano-ceria can be transformed into solvent-free nanofluids. We also examine whether simultaneous modification with ionic liquid salts and with acrylate groups yields nanofluids suitable for forming UV-protective films and clear coatings by UV-initiated polymerization. Nominally 3nm diameter CeO2 was successfully synthesized and surface decorated with an ionic liquid salt and with acrylate groups to produce a core/shell structured solvent-free nanofluid after ion exchange of chloride for a soft polyoxyethylene sulfonate anion...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742994/unusual-case-of-a-massive-macroglossia-secondary-to-myxedema-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
James C Melville, Kelsey D Menegotto, Timothy C Woernley, Blake D Maida, Ibrahim Alava
Macroglossia is classified as true macroglossia, which exhibits abnormal histology with clinical findings, and relative macroglossia, in which normal histology does not correlate with pathologic enlargement. This report describes an atypical case of morbidity with massive macroglossia secondary to myxedema; the macroglossia enlarged over a 3-month period before being presented to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Texas Health Sciences Center at Houston (Houston, TX). Substantial enlargement of the tongue (16 cm long × 10 cm wide) was first attributed to angioedema, which was refractory to the discontinuation of lisinopril and a C1 esterase inhibitor...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742791/correlation-between-circulating-tumor-dna-levels-and-response-to-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-tki-treatment-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#9
Zhangjing Wei, Wenyue Wang, Zitan Shu, Xue Zhou, Yanfang Zhang
BACKGROUND Clinical monitoring of EGFR-positive NSCLC patients is important to gauge treatment response. The current study addresses the usage of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) as a prognostic marker during treatment of first-generation TKIs. MATERIAL AND METHODS Serial samplings of peripheral blood from 200 EGFR-positive NSCLC patients were taken. Baseline ctDNA quantification was conducted by digital droplet PCR before TKI treatment was administered and compared to primary biopsies. Thereafter blood sampling at different treatment cycles were measured and assessed for its prognostic and predictive value...
July 25, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742711/readiness-of-us-general-surgery-residents-for-independent-practice
#10
Brian C George, Jordan D Bohnen, Reed G Williams, Shari L Meyerson, Mary C Schuller, Michael J Clark, Andreas H Meier, Laura Torbeck, Samuel P Mandell, John T Mullen, Douglas S Smink, Rebecca E Scully, Jeffrey G Chipman, Edward D Auyang, Kyla P Terhune, Paul E Wise, Jennifer N Choi, Eugene F Foley, Justin B Dimick, Michael A Choti, Nathaniel J Soper, Keith D Lillemoe, Joseph B Zwischenberger, Gary L Dunnington, Debra A DaRosa, Jonathan P Fryer
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the current state of the General Surgery (GS) residency training model by investigating resident operative performance and autonomy. BACKGROUND: The American Board of Surgery has designated 132 procedures as being "Core" to the practice of GS. GS residents are expected to be able to safely and independently perform those procedures by the time they graduate. There is growing concern that not all residents achieve that standard. Lack of operative autonomy may play a role...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742441/principles-of-care-for-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-views-of-expert-japanese-health-professionals-and-advocates
#11
Maki Umeda, Yaeko Kataoka, Elizabeth Miller
In Japan, interventions for Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the health care setting are rare, partly due to Japanese cultural norms that marginalize women's IPV experiences. A thematic analysis of narratives of eight Japanese health professionals who are experts in IPV care identified shared core values and practices that have guided their development of culturally relevant IPV interventions: supporting women's autonomy to define what is at stake for her, appreciating unique trajectories and timing for recovery, and practicing shared decision making...
July 25, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742365/divergent-synthesis-of-polycyclic-indolines-copper-catalyzed-cascade-reactions-of-propargylic-carbamates-and-indoles
#12
Tian-Ren Li, Liang-Qiu Lu, Ya-Ni Wang, Bao-Cheng Wang, Wen-Jing Xiao
Polycyclic indolines are the common and core structural motif of many indole alkaloids that usually exhibit biological activities. Here, we describe two copper-catalyzed cascade reactions between propargylic carbamates and indoles. By doing so, one-step and divergent synthesis of structurally distinct polycyclic indolines, quinoline-fused indolines, C(3a)-indolyl furoindolines, and pyrroloindolines was achieved in high synthetic efficiency and selectivity.
July 25, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742335/5-formylcytosine-yields-dna-protein-cross-links-in-nucleosome-core-particles
#13
Fengchao Li, Yingqian Zhang, Jing Bai, Marc M Greenberg, Zhen Xi, Chuanzheng Zhou
In situ generation of 5-formylcytosine (5fC) in nucleosome core particles (NCPs) reveals that 5fC leads to essential DNA-protein cross-links (DPCs). Mechanistic studies using chemical models and mutated histones demonstrate that DPCs form reversibly between the formyl function of 5fC and primary amines on histones. These results suggest that DPC formation from 5fC in chromatin occurs in addition to its role in DNA demethylation.
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742325/intentional-closing-opening-of-hole-in-cube-fullerene-crystals-with-microscopic-recognition-properties
#14
Partha Bairi, Kosuke Minami, Jonathan P Hill, Katsuhiko Ariga, Lok Kumar Shrestha
We report production of highly crystalline fullerene C70 cubes possessing an open-hole structure at the center of each their faces by using a solution-based self-assembly strategy. The holes are isolated with a solid core at the interiors of the cubes. The open-hole structure of the cubes can be intentionally closed by introducing additional C70, and reopened by applying electron beam irradiation. The open-hole cubes exhibit preferential recognition of graphitic carbon particles over polymeric resin particles of similar dimensions due to the cubes' sp(2)-rich carboniferous nature...
July 25, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742316/monodisperse-dual-plasmonic-au-cu2-xe-e-s-se-core-shell-supraparticles-aqueous-fabrication-multimodal-imaging-and-tumor-therapy-at-in-vivo-level
#15
Hui Zhu, Yong Wang, Chao Chen, Mingrou Ma, Jianfeng Zeng, Shuzhou Li, Yunsheng Xia, Mingyuan Gao
We herein report aqueous fabrication of well-defined Au@Cu2-xE (E = S, Se) core@shell dual plasmonic supraparticles (SPs) for multimodal imaging and tumor therapy at in vivo level. By means of a modified self-limiting self-assembly based strategy, monodisperse core@shell dual plasmonic SPs, including spherical Au@Cu2-xS SPs, Au@Cu2-xSe SPs, and rod-like Au@Cu2-xS SPs, are reliably and eco-friendly fabricated in aqueous solution. Due to plasmonic coupling from the core and shell materials, the as-prepared hybrid products possess extremely large extinction coefficient (9...
July 25, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742305/pediatric-heat-related-illness-recommendations-for-prevention-and-management
#16
Roberta J. Dunn, Tommy Y. Kim
Infants, children, and adolescents are at increased risk for heat-related illness due to their inability to remove themselves from dangerous environments. Evidence shows that morbidity and mortality from heat illness is related to the length of time core temperature is elevated, so rapid reduction and accurate serial measurements are crucial to prevention of organ system damage and death. The primary methods of patient cooling are conduction (ice-water immersion, cold packs) and convection (moisture and moving air)...
August 2017: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742292/effects-of-a-course-of-right-unilateral-ultrabrief-pulse-electroconvulsive-therapy-combined-with-venlafaxine-on-insomnia-symptoms-in-elderly-depressed-patients
#17
W Vaughn McCall, Sarah H Lisanby, Peter B Rosenquist, Mary Dooley, Mustafa M Husain, Rebecca G Knapp, Georgios Petrides, Matthew V Rudorfer, Robert C Young, Shawn M McClintock, Martina Mueller, Joan Prudic, Robert M Greenberg, Richard D Weiner, Samuel H Bailine, Mary Anne Riley, Laryssa McCloud, Charles H Kellner
OBJECTIVE: Antidepressant medications have a variety of effects on sleep, apart from their antidepressant effects. It is unknown whether electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has effects on perceived sleep in depressed patients. This secondary analysis examines the effects of ECT on perceived sleep, separate from its antidepressant effects. METHODS: Elderly patients with major depressive disorder, as defined by DSM-IV, received open-label high-dose, right unilateral ultrabrief pulse ECT, combined with venlafaxine, as part of participating in phase 1 of the National Institute of Mental Health-supported study Prolonging Remission in Depressed Elderly (PRIDE)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742220/dissecting-functions-of-sepallata-like-mads-box-genes-in-patterning-of-the-pseudanthial-inflorescence-of-gerbera-hybrida
#18
Teng Zhang, Yafei Zhao, Inka Juntheikki, Katriina Mouhu, Suvi K Broholm, Anneke S Rijpkema, Lisa Kins, Tianying Lan, Victor A Albert, Teemu H Teeri, Paula Elomaa
The pseudanthial inflorescences of the sunflower family, Asteraceae, mimic a solitary flower but are composed of multiple flowers. Our studies in Gerbera hybrida indicate functional diversification for SEPALLATA (SEP)-like MADS box genes that often function redundantly in other core eudicots. We conducted phylogenetic and expression analysis for eight SEP-like GERBERA REGULATOR OF CAPITULUM DEVELOPMENT (GRCD) genes, including previously unstudied gene family members. Transgenic gerbera plants were used to infer gene functions...
July 25, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742156/ct-pattern-analysis-of-necrotizing-and-nonnecrotizing-lymph-nodes-in-kikuchi-disease
#19
Eun Jung Shim, Kyung Mi Lee, Eui Jong Kim, Hyug-Gi Kim, Ji Hye Jang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether a CT interpretation with imaging pattern analysis differentiates Kikuchi disease (KD) from the two more frequently encountered differential lymph nodes diagnoses of tuberculous lymphadenopathy (TL) and reactive hyperplasia (RH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2012 and July 2015, 20 patients with KD (6 men, 14 women; mean age, 27.80 years), 36 patients with RH (10 men, 26 women; mean age, 33.08 years) and 34 patients with TL (17 men, 17 women; mean age, 39...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742127/tpc1-is-an-important-zn-ii-2cys6-transcriptional-regulator-required-for-polarized-growth-and-virulence-in-the-rice-blast-fungus
#20
Rita Galhano, Adriana Illana, Lauren S Ryder, Julio Rodríguez-Romero, Marie Demuez, Muhammad Badaruddin, Ana Lilia Martinez-Rocha, Darren M Soanes, David J Studholme, Nicholas J Talbot, Ane Sesma
The establishment of polarity is a critical process in pathogenic fungi, mediating infection-related morphogenesis and host tissue invasion. Here, we report the identification of TPC1 (Transcription factor for Polarity Control 1), which regulates invasive polarized growth in the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. TPC1 encodes a putative transcription factor of the fungal Zn(II)2Cys6 family, exclusive to filamentous fungi. Tpc1-deficient mutants show severe defects in conidiogenesis, infection-associated autophagy, glycogen and lipid metabolism, and plant tissue colonisation...
July 24, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
keyword
keyword
45999
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"