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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103619/pregnant-women-in-sport-climbing-is-there-a-higher-risk-for-preterm-birth
#1
Jan Drastig, David Hillebrandt, Werner Rath, Thomas Küpper
Sport climbing is a popular recreational sport with an increasing proportion of female athletes. International recommendations emphasize the physical and mental benefits of regular sport activity during any uncomplicated pregnancy. In this context, sport climbing is associated with a high risk potential.The aim of this study was to examine if there is a higher risk for preterm birth in active climbing athletes.Original manuscript.A retrospective self-report online survey in the German language collected data between September 2012 and November 2013...
January 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093636/non-surgical-treatment-of-pubic-overload-and-groin-pain-in-amateur-football-players-a-prospective-double-blinded-randomised-controlled-study
#2
M Schöberl, L Prantl, O Loose, J Zellner, P Angele, F Zeman, M Spreitzer, M Nerlich, W Krutsch
PURPOSE: The incidence of groin pain in athletes is steadily increasing. Symptomatic pubic overload with groin pain and aseptic osteitis pubis represent well-known and frequently misdiagnosed overuse injuries in athletes. This study investigated the benefits of standardised non-surgical treatment for swift return-to-football. METHODS: In a prospective double-blinded controlled study, 143 amateur football players with groin pain as well as radiological signs and clinical symptoms of pubic overload were analysed for 1 year...
January 16, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090681/excess-of-exercise-increases-the-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation
#3
REVIEW
A Müssigbrodt, A Weber, J Mandrola, Y van Belle, S Richter, M Döring, A Arya, P Sommer, A Bollmann, G Hindricks
An interesting and still not well-understood example for old medical wisdom "Sola dosis facit venenum" is the increased prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in athletes. Numerous studies have shown a fourfold to eightfold increased risk of AF in athletes compared to the normal population. Analysis of the existing data suggests a dose-dependent effect of exercise. Moderate exercise seems to have a protective effect and decreases the risk of AF, whereas excessive exercise seems to increase the risk of AF. The described cases illustrate clinical manifestations within the spectrum of AF in elderly athletes, that is, exercise-induced AF, vagal AF, chronic AF, and atrial flutter...
January 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066732/conservative-management-of-tendinopathies-around-hip
#4
REVIEW
Antonio Frizziero, Filippo Vittadini, Andrea Pignataro, Giuseppe Gasparre, Carlo Biz, Pietro Ruggieri, Stefano Masiero
BACKGROUND: The anatomy of hip is widely complex and several anatomical structures interact and contribute to its functioning. For position and role, hip and the surrounding tendons, which have their insertion around, are overstressed and often overloaded, especially in athletes. This could lead to the developing of several tendinopathies, among which the differential diagnosis is often complicated. Many conservative treatments are used in clinical practice, while actually, no defined conservative protocol is recommended...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063895/improvement-of-table-tennis-dystonia-by-stereotactic-ventro-oral-thalamotomy-a-case-report
#5
Takashi Asahi, Takaomi Taira, Kiyonobu Ikeda, Jiro Yamamoto, Shuji Sato
BACKGROUND: Task-specific focal dystonia, such as writer's cramp and musician's cramp, is a type of dystonia that affects performance of particular tasks. Such movement disorders have been treated with stereotactic ventro-oral (Vo) thalamotomy, with excellent outcomes. However, there has been no previous report of treatment of sport-related/athlete's dystonia by means of stereotactic surgery. We treated a patient with table tennis-related dystonia with Vo thalamotomy, and evaluated the outcome...
January 4, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051927/female-athlete-experiences-of-seeking-and-receiving-treatment-for-an-eating-disorder
#6
Carolyn R Plateau, Jon Arcelus, Newman Leung, Caroline Meyer
Clinical eating disorders are common among athletes; however research has yet to explore the process of seeking and receiving treatment for an eating disorder in this population. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 female athletes currently receiving treatment for an eating disorder. A total of three themes emerged: challenges to treatment seeking, feeling out of place, and coping with exercise transitions. Athletes reported low levels of eating disorder literacy and lacked motivation to engage with therapy due to a lack of perceived relevance...
January 4, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026087/oral-contraceptive-therapy-reduces-serum-relaxin-2-in-elite-female-athletes
#7
Sayaka Nose-Ogura, Osamu Yoshino, Kaori Yamada-Nomoto, Mariko Nakamura, Miyuki Harada, Michiko Dohi, Toru Okuwaki, Yutaka Osuga, Takashi Kawahara, Shigeru Saito
AIM: Recent investigations have demonstrated that athletes with high relaxin-2 levels have a high risk of anterior cruciate ligament injuries, while athletes taking oral contraceptives (OC) have low relaxin-2 levels. It has not yet been clarified whether taking OC reduces relaxin-2 levels. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in relaxin-2 levels in athletes taking OC. METHODS: Levels of relaxin-2, estradiol, progesterone, luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone were measured in serum samples (n = 183) from 106 elite female athletes...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007348/home-use-of-a-bihormonal-bionic-pancreas-versus-insulin-pump-therapy-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-multicentre-randomised-crossover-trial
#8
Firas H El-Khatib, Courtney Balliro, Mallory A Hillard, Kendra L Magyar, Laya Ekhlaspour, Manasi Sinha, Debbie Mondesir, Aryan Esmaeili, Celia Hartigan, Michael J Thompson, Samir Malkani, J Paul Lock, David M Harlan, Paula Clinton, Eliana Frank, Darrell M Wilson, Daniel DeSalvo, Lisa Norlander, Trang Ly, Bruce A Buckingham, Jamie Diner, Milana Dezube, Laura A Young, April Goley, M Sue Kirkman, John B Buse, Hui Zheng, Rajendranath R Selagamsetty, Edward R Damiano, Steven J Russell
BACKGROUND: The safety and effectiveness of a continuous, day-and-night automated glycaemic control system using insulin and glucagon has not been shown in a free-living, home-use setting. We aimed to assess whether bihormonal bionic pancreas initialised only with body mass can safely reduce mean glycaemia and hypoglycaemia in adults with type 1 diabetes who were living at home and participating in their normal daily routines without restrictions on diet or physical activity. METHODS: We did a random-order crossover study in volunteers at least 18 years old who had type 1 diabetes and lived within a 30 min drive of four sites in the USA...
December 20, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003031/pyomyositis-is-not-only-a-tropical-pathology-a-case-series
#9
Laura Comegna, Paola Irma Guidone, Giovanni Prezioso, Simone Franchini, Marianna Immacolata Petrosino, Paola Di Filippo, Francesco Chiarelli, Angelika Mohn, Nadia Rossi
BACKGROUND: Pyomyositis is an acute bacterial infection of skeletal muscle that results in localized abscess formation. This infection was thought to be endemic to tropical countries, and is also known as "tropical pyomyositis". However, pyomyositis is increasingly recognized in temperate climates and is frequently associated with an immunosuppressive condition, such as human immunodeficiency virus, malignancy, and diabetes mellitus. It is also found in healthy and athletic people after strenuous or vigorous exercise or following localized and possibly unnoticed trauma...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999727/an-intervention-based-clinical-reasoning-framework-to-guide-the-management-of-thoracic-pain-in-a-dancer-a-case-report
#10
Michael Masaracchio, Kaitlin Kirker, Cristiana Kahl Collins, William Hanney, Xinliang Liu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As a result of the anatomical proximity of the thoracic spine to the cervical, lumbar, and shoulder regions, dysfunction in the thoracic spine can influence pain, mobility, and stability across these areas. Currently, a paucity of evidence exists addressing treatment of individuals with primary thoracic pain, especially in young, athletic patients. Furthermore, current research discussing clinical reasoning frameworks focus on the differential diagnostic process...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996378/fast-early-recovery-after-transabdominal-preperitoneal-repair-in-athletes-with-sportsman-s-groin-a-prospective-clinical-cohort-study
#11
Herwig Pokorny, Christoph Resinger, Ines Fischer, Veit Lorenz, Helge Noske, Stefan Podar, Friedrich Längle, Rudolf Schrittwieser
BACKGROUND: Current literature on chronic groin pain suggests that laparoscopic mesh repair on athletes enables a faster recovery and subsequent return to unrestricted athletic activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) mesh repair in athletes resistant to conservative therapy. METHODS: A multidisciplinary approach with tailored physiotherapy. Thirty-nine professional athletes with chronic groin pain were referred to surgery at a single clinic...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993588/effect-of-a-single-administration-of-focused-extracorporeal-shock-wave-in-the-relief-of-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-results-of-a-partially-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Johannes Fleckenstein, Mara Friton, Heiko Himmelreich, Winfried Banzer
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of a single administration of focused extracorporeal shockwave therapy (fESWT) on eccentric exercise-induced delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). DOMS is a common symptom in people participating in exercise, sports, or recreational physical activities. DESIGN: Three-arm randomized controlled study conducted in 2009. SETTING: DOMS was induced by eccentric exercise of the non-dominant arm in voluntary participants at the Sports Campus of a German university...
December 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942702/imagery-based-interventions-for-music-performance-anxiety-an-integrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Katherine Finch, David A Moscovitch
Many musicians experience debilitating music performance anxiety (MPA). Outside music performance, imagery-based interventions have been incorporated into treatment protocols to help individuals, including athletes and those with social anxiety, manage heightened levels of anxiety in order to excel in performance-based domains. Despite the frequent use of mental imagery in MPA interventions and its importance as a mental rehearsal technique for musicians, no existing reviews have examined the literature on imagery-based interventions for MPA...
December 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925640/diagnosis-and-management-of-distal-clavicle-osteolysis
#14
Steven F DeFroda, Christopher Nacca, Gregory R Waryasz, Brett D Owens
Distal clavicle osteolysis is an uncommon condition that most commonly affects weight lifters and other athletes who perform repetitive overhead activity. Although this condition most commonly presents in young active men, it is becoming increasing more common in women with the rise in popularity of body building and extreme athletics. Distal clavicle osteolysis can be debilitating, especially in those with rigorous training regimens, preventing exercise because of pain with activities such as bench presses and chest flies...
December 7, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922288/medial-gastrocnemius-myotendinous-junction-displacement-and-plantar-flexion-strength-in-patients-treated-with-immediate-rehabilitation-after-achilles-tendon-repair
#15
Carlos I De la Fuente, Roberto Peña Y Lillo, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Pablo Ortega-Auriol, Mauricio Delgado, Joel Alvarez-Ruf, Gabriel Carreño
CONTEXT: Pathologic plantar flexion frequently occurs after operative repair of the Achilles tendon (AT) because of immobilization and non-weight bearing in the first weeks of traditional rehabilitation. Novel rehabilitation strategies that apply mobilization and weight bearing have been proposed, but their effects on medial gastrocnemius myotendinous junction displacement (MJD) and isometric plantar-flexion strength (PFS) are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of 12 weeks of immediate versus traditional rehabilitation on MJD and PFS in patients with percutaneous AT repair and to compare AT rupture scores (ATRSs) during follow-up...
December 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919560/posterior-ankle-impingement-syndrome-in-football-players-case-series-of-26-elite-athletes
#16
Savaş Kudaş, Gürhan Dönmez, Çetin Işık, Mesut Çelebi, Nurdan Çay, Murat Bozkurt
OBJECTIVE: To describe a clinical treatment algorithm for posterior ankle impingement (PAI) syndrome in professional football players. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case series of 26 elite professional football players diagnosed and treated for posterior ankle impingement syndrome were included for the study. All of the athletes received conservative treatment with physical therapy modalities initially. If the first line medical treatment and rehabilitation was ineffective to alleviate the symptoms, ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection was proposed and thereafter the patients underwent posterior ankle arthroscopy if the complaints are still unresolved...
December 3, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918654/cold-water-immersion-and-contrast-water-therapy-do-not-improve-short-term-recovery-following-resistance-training
#17
Christos K Argus, James R Broatch, Aaron C Petersen, Remco Polman, David J Bishop, Shona Halson
PURPOSE: An athlete's ability to recover quickly is important when there is limited time between training and competition. As such, recovery strategies are commonly used to expedite the recovery process. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of both cold water immersion (CWI) and contrast water therapy (CWT) compared to control on short-term recovery (<4h) following a single full-body resistance training session. METHODS: Thirteen males (age, 26 ± 5 years; weight, 79 ± 7 kg; height, 177 ± 5 cm) were assessed for perceptual (fatigue and soreness) and performance measures (maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVC) of the knee extensors, weighted and unweighted countermovement jumps) prior to and immediately following the training session...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917815/sleep-quality-differs-between-athletes-and-non-athletes
#18
Havva Demirel
PURPOSE: Sufficient sleep or sleep of sufficient quality is essential for the health of children, adolescents and adults, as sleep influences almost all dimensions of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible positive effects of sportsmanship on sleep quality and to assess the possible differences in sleep quality between athletes and non-athletes. METHODS: Sedentary or non-athletes subjects (n=103) and athletes (n=93) participated in this study...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909225/recovery-of-the-immune-system-after-exercise
#19
Jonathan M Peake, Oliver Neubauer, Neil P Walsh, Richard J Simpson
The notion that prolonged, intense exercise causes an 'open window' of immunodepression during recovery after exercise is well accepted. Repeated exercise bouts or intensified training without sufficient recovery may increase the risk of illness. However, except for salivary IgA, clear and consistent markers of this immunodepression remain elusive. Exercise increases circulating neutrophil and monocyte counts, and reduces circulating lymphocyte count during recovery. This lymphopenia results from preferential egress of lymphocyte subtypes with potent effector functions (e...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900708/can-posterior-capsular-stretching-rehabilitation-protocol-change-scapula-kinematics-in-asymptomatic-baseball-pitchers
#20
A Pellegrini, P Tonino, D Salazar, K Hendrix, I Parel, A Cutti, P Paladini, F Ceccarelli, G Porcellini
PURPOSE: Scapular dyskinesis is a recognized cause of shoulder pain in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers and athletes who participate in overhead sports. Past studies have assessed scapular kinematics using electromagnetic tracking devices and have shown a correlation between posterior shoulder tightness and forward scapular posture. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the scapular kinematics, before and after a 4-week posterior stretching protocol in asymptomatic pitchers...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
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