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Hip surgery

Andrew S Chung, Joshua W Hustedt, Robert Walker, Clifford Jones, Jason Lowe, George V Russell
OBJECTIVES: Low serum albumin levels (hypoalbuminemia) have classically been used to identify malnutrition. The effect of increasing severity of malnutrition on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing hip fracture surgery has not been well delineated on a large scale. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Multicenter. PATIENT/PARTICIPANTS: A total of 12,373 patients undergoing hip fracture surgery from 2006 to 2013 National Surgery Quality Improvement Project data were identified...
April 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Andrew S Moon, Walter Smith, Sawyer Mullen, Brent A Ponce, Gerald McGwin, Ashish Shah, Sameer M Naranje
BACKGROUND: The association between marijuana use and surgical procedures is a matter of increasing societal relevance that has not been well studied in the literature. The primary aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between marijuana use and in-hospital mortality, as well as to assess associated comorbidities in patients undergoing commonly billed orthopedic surgeries. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database from 2010 to 2014 was used to determine the odds ratios for the associations between marijuana use and in-hospital mortality, heart failure (HF), stroke, and cardiac disease (CD) in patients undergoing five common orthopedic procedures: hip (THA), knee (TKA), and shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), spinal fusion, and traumatic femur fracture fixation...
March 20, 2018: Substance Abuse
Tudor Borza, Mary K Oerline, Ted A Skolarus, Edward C Norton, Justin B Dimick, Bruce L Jacobs, Lindsey A Herrel, Chad Ellimoottil, John M Hollingsworth, Andrew M Ryan, David C Miller, Vahakn B Shahinian, Brent K Hollenbeck
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Medicare Shared Savings Program accountable care organizations (ACOs) on hospital readmission after common surgical procedures. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Hospital readmissions following surgery lead to worse patient outcomes and wasteful spending. ACOs, and their associated hospitals, have strong incentives to reduce readmissions from 2 distinct Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services policies. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using a 20% national Medicare sample to identify beneficiaries undergoing 1 of 7 common surgical procedures-abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, colectomy, cystectomy, prostatectomy, lung resection, total knee arthroplasty, and total hip arthroplasty-between 2010 and 2014...
March 19, 2018: Annals of Surgery
Seung Min Choi, Myung Sik Park, Bareun Chan Ju, Sun Jung Yoon
INTRODUCTION: The restoration of range of motion after surgery in patients with femoroacetabular impingement syndrome is considered an important factor that improves clinical outcomes and determines the quality of life of patients, especially in the Asian population. METHODS: Arthroscopic femoroplasty was done in 109 Asian patients with cam impingement. The patients were retrospectively evaluated using range of motion and clinical outcomes (Harris Hip Score [HHS], visual analog scale score, Hip Outcome Score-Activity of Daily Living, and Hip Outcome Score-Sports subscales) between preoperative and postoperative conditions, with a follow-up period of >2 years...
March 19, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Uros Marusic, Sidney Grosprêtre
Normal and pathological ageing are associated with several motor impairments that reduce quality of life and represent a general challenge for public healthcare systems. Consequently, over the past decades, many scientists and physiotherapists dedicated their research to the development and improvement of safe and costless methods to counteract the progressive decline of motor functions with age. The urgency of finding new and easy to implement methods is even more paramount in case of acute pathologies (e...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Patrick Mouret, Reinhold Kreutz, Katrin Deilmann, Ariane Dihlmann, Gerlind Holberg, Sylvia Haas
BACKGROUND: In global admission studies (RECORD I-IV) Rivaroxaban and enoxaparin as a standard prophylaxis were comparable in safety of treatment, but rivaroxaban appeared more effective in prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) when used in elective hip and knee replacement. The worldwide non-interventional cohort study XAMOS confirmed these results in the clinical routine compared to proven anticoagulants. METHOD: Efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban was to be compared with the standard prophylaxis in the prevention of VTE after elective hip and knee replacement surgery in clinical practice in Germany...
October 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Roberta Gualtierotti, Marco Parisi, Francesca Ingegnoli
Patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases often need orthopaedic surgery due to joint involvement. Total hip replacement and total knee replacement are frequent surgical procedures in these patients. Due to the complexity of the inflammatory rheumatic diseases, the perioperative management of these patients must envisage a multidisciplinary approach. The frequent association with extraarticular comorbidities must be considered when evaluating perioperative risk of the patient and should guide the clinician in the decision-making process...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Therapy
Bassel G Diebo, Denis Cherkalin, Cyrus M Jalai, Neil V Shah, Greg W Poorman, George A Beyer, Frank A Segreto, Virginie Lafage, Qais Naziri, Jared M Newman, William P Urban, Thomas J Errico, Frank J Schwab, Carl B Paulino, Peter G Passias
Retrospective review of National Inpatient Sample (2000-2012) revealed that 31.28% of musculoskeletal (MSK) patients were found to have in-hospital psychological burdens (PBs). Adult spinal deformity (ASD), degenerative disc disease (DDD) and lung cancer patients had highest PB-prevalence. MSK patients with PB were more often young, white females with increased Deyo index compared to no-PB patients. Patients who underwent spinal revision procedures had higher PB rates than with primary procedures; a converse trend was observed for total hip/knee arthroplasty...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
Richard D Swenson, James A Butterfield, Timothy J Irwin, John J Zurlo, Charles M Davis
BACKGROUND: Acute and acute hematogenous prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) are often treated with open debridement and polyethylene exchange (ODPE) in an effort to save the prosthesis, decrease morbidity, and reduce costs. However, failure of ODPE may compromise a subsequent 2-stage treatment. The purpose of this study is to identify patient factors that impact the success of ODPE for acute and acute hematogenous PJIs. METHODS: A retrospective review examined comorbidities, preoperative laboratory values, and patient history for patients with successful and failed ODPE treatment for acute perioperative or acute hematogenous periprosthetic hip or knee joint infections...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Elke Jeschke, Mustafa Citak, Christian Günster, Andreas M Halder, Karl-Dieter Heller, Jürgen Malzahn, Fritz U Niethard, Peter Schräder, Josef Zacher, Thorsten Gehrke
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study is to evaluate the association of body mass index (BMI) and the risk of postoperative complications, mortality, and revision rates following primary total hip arthroplasty given other potentially confounding patient characteristics in a large cohort study. METHODS: Using nationwide billing data for inpatient hospital treatment of the biggest German healthcare insurance, 131,576 total hip arthroplasties in 124,368 patients between January 2012 and December 2014 were included...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
J B Seeger, J P Schikschneit, C Schuld, R Rupp, M Rickert, A Jahnke, G S Maier, M Clarius
BACKGROUND: Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is an effective treatment for patients with medial osteoarthritis of the knee joint. Instrumented gait analysis provides an objective measure to quantify and qualify postoperative changes of gait. The purpose of this study was to evaluate standardized instrumented gait analysis for functional recovery and gait as an outcome of mobile-bearing UKA in patients with medial osteoarthritis of the knee. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with isolated medial osteoarthritis of the knee joint received mobile-bearing UKA...
March 15, 2018: Knee
Ava D Segal, Krista M Cyr, Christina J Stender, Eric C Whittaker, Michael E Hahn, Michael S Orendurff, William R Ledoux, Bruce J Sangeorzan
BACKGROUND: End-stage ankle arthritis is a debilitating condition that often requires surgical intervention after failed conservative treatments. Ankle arthrodesis is a common surgical option, especially for younger and highly active patients; however, ankle arthroplasty has become increasingly popular as advancements in implant design improve device longevity. The longitudinal differences in biomechanical outcomes between these surgical treatments remain indistinct, likely due to the challenges associated with objective study of a heterogeneous population...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
Meagan E Tibbo, Cody C Wyles, Peter S Rose, Franklin H Sim, Matthew T Houdek, Michael J Taunton
BACKGROUND: Synovial chondromatosis (SC) is a rare disease involving cartilaginous metaplasia of synovial tissue. Treatment via synovectomy and loose body removal alone results in elevated recurrence rates, with up to 1 in 5 patients requiring conversion to a hip arthroplasty. The purpose of this study is to investigate outcomes of hip arthroplasty in the setting of SC, focusing on (1) disease-specific survival, (2) implant survivorship and complications, and (3) clinical outcomes. METHODS: We identified 26 patients with histologically confirmed SC who underwent hip arthroplasty between 1970 and 2015...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Lukas Leitner, Silvia Türk, Martin Heidinger, Bernd Stöckl, Florian Posch, Werner Maurer-Ertl, Andreas Leithner, Patrick Sadoghi
Arthroplasty registers were originally established in Scandinavia to receive clinically relevant information from pooled data, to improve quality and reduce revision surgeries, with socioeconomic benefit. In Austria, where the highest rate of total knee arthroplasties (TKA) per inhabitant of all OECD countries was reached in 2014, arthroplasties are centrally reported since 2009. Study purpose was to perform the first analysis of the Austrian database, aiming to obtain data on trends in arthroplasty in Austria over time in relation to demographic development...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
C Kajetanek, O Benoît, B Granger, F Menegaux, N Chereau, H Pascal-Mousselard, F Khiami
BACKGROUND: Surgery for athletic pubalgia usually consists in abdominal wall repair combined with routine bilateral adductor tenotomy. We currently confine the surgical procedure to the injured structure(s) (abdominal wall only, adductor tendon only, or both) to limit morbidity and expedite recovery. Outcomes of this à la carte approach are unclear. The objectives of this retrospective study were to determine the return to play (RTP) time, evaluate the potential influence of injury location, and assess the frequency of recurrence or contralateral involvement...
March 13, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Michael E Berend, Wesley G Lackey, Joshua L Carter
BACKGROUND: Perhaps, the most significant developments in joint arthroplasty in the past decade have been in the area of multimodal perioperative management reducing pain, nausea, and length of stay leading to outpatient arthroplasty. METHODS: Over a 2-year period, we performed 1230 arthroplasty cases including partial knee, total hip, total knee, and selected revision cases. RESULTS: Patient satisfaction ranged from 98% to 100% great/good...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
M Garrote-Garrote, J A Del-Moral-Luque, A Checa-García, J F Valverde-Cánovas, C Campelo-Gutiérrez, J Martínez-Martín, A Gil-de-Miguel, G Rodríguez-Caravaca
OBJECTIVE: The surgical site infection is the main cause of nosocomial infection in surgical patients, being antibiotic prophylaxis one of the most important factors for preventing it. This study evaluates adequacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in hip arthroplasty surgery as well as its effect on preventing surgical site infection. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was carried out from January 2011 to December 2016. We assessed the degree of adequacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in hip arthroplasty...
March 14, 2018: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
M Chandran, D Tay, X F Huang, Y Hao
Hospital care and mortality of diabetic and non-diabetic osteoporotic Asian patients undergoing hip fracture surgery were explored with no difference in length of hospitalization, incidence of post-operative complications, or mortality between diabetics and non-diabetics seen. Time to operation correlated with post-operative complications occurrence and therefore surgery should be expeditiously done. INTRODUCTION: Whether burden of inpatient care, problems after admission, and mortality rates differ between diabetics and non-diabetics undergoing surgery for osteoporotic hip fractures has not been explored in Asian populations...
March 15, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Susan M Goodman, Vivian P Bykerk, Edward DiCarlo, Ryan W Cummings, Laura T Donlin, Dana E Orange, Annie Hoang, Serene Mirza, Michael McNamara, Kayte Andersen, Susan J Bartlett, Jackie Szymonifka, Mark P Figgie
OBJECTIVE: Rates of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) remain high for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who are at risk of flaring after surgery. We aimed to describe rates, characteristics, and risk factors of RA flare within 6 weeks of THA and TKA. METHODS: Patients with RA were recruited prior to elective THA and TKA surgery and prospectively followed. Clinicians evaluated RA clinical characteristics 0-2 weeks before and 6 weeks after surgery...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
Ezio Lanza, Riccardo Muglia, Luigi Alessandro Solbiati, Marco Tramarin, Dario Poretti, Vittorio Pedicini
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to report the results of transarterial embolization (TAE) in the setting of postoperative bleeding after hip surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 40 patients (male:female = 15:25, median age = 68 years) who underwent TAE from 2006 to 2016: 77.5% underwent total hip arthroplasty, 20% open reduction internal fixation, and 2.5% external fixation. Preangiographic multidetector computed tomography angiography was performed in 20 (49%) cases, and 9 of them showed arterial extravasation...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
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