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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942118/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-effectiveness-of-physical-therapy-and-electrophysical-modalities-an-updated-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
REVIEW
Bionka M A Huisstede, Peter Hoogvliet, Thierry P C Franke, Manon S Randsdorp, Bart W Koes
OBJECTIVE: To review scientific literature studying the effectiveness of physical therapy and electrophysical modalities for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PEDro. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently applied the inclusion criteria to select potential eligible studies. DATA EXTRACTION: Two reviewers independently extracted the data and assessed the methodological quality using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool...
September 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941683/analysis-of-dehydration-kinetics-status-of-water-and-oil-distribution-of-microwave-assisted-vacuum-frying-potato-chips-combined-with-nmr-and-confocal-laser-scanning-microscopy
#2
Ya Su, Min Zhang, Zhongxiang Fang, Weiming Zhang
In this study, the dehydration kinetics, status of water and oil distribution of microwave-assisted vacuum frying (MVF) potato chips were analyzed combining with NMR and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Results showed that the MVF markedly increased the moisture evaporation kinetics and effective moisture diffusivity compared to vacuum frying (VF). The higher microwave power level (1000W) used achieved higher moisture evaporation rate and higher effective moisture diffusivity, The Logarithmic model exhibited the best fit for the obtained data of MR versus frying time in the MVF...
November 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940808/microwave-assisted-rapid-one-pot-synthesis-of-fused-and-non-fused-indoles-and-5-18f-fluoroindoles-from-phenylazocarboxylates
#3
Jasmin Krüll, Anja Hubert, Natascha Nebel, Olaf Prante, Markus Rolf Heinrich
Substituted indoles can be prepared from phenylazo-carboxylates through a rapid one-pot sequence featuring a microwave-assisted Fischer indole synthesis as key step. As the phenylazocarboxylates may beforehand be modified by mild nucleophilic aromatic substitution, including the introduction of [18F]fluoride, the overall strategy offers an attractive new access to 5-[18F]fluoroindoles.
September 22, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940654/video-assisted-microwave-ablation-for-the-treatment-of-a-metastatic-lung-lesion-in-a-dog-with-appendicular-osteosarcoma-and-hypertrophic-osteopathy
#4
Kaitlyn Mazzaccari, Sarah E Boston, Beau B Toskich, Kristina Bowles, J Brad Case
OBJECTIVE: To describe video-assisted microwave ablation (VAMA) for the treatment of a metastatic lung lesion secondary to right forelimb osteosarcoma in a dog. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMALS: A 10-year-old female spayed mixed breed dog with a metastatic lung lesion secondary to appendicular osteosarcoma. METHODS: An osteosarcoma of the right distal scapula and proximal humerus that was suspected to be a radiation-induced osteosarcoma was treated with limb amputation and carboplatin chemotherapy...
September 22, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940602/hybridized-1t-2h-mos2-having-controlled-1t-concentrations-and-its-use-in-supercapacitor
#5
Jyh-Ming Ting, Thi Xuyen Nguyen
Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanoflowers consisting of hybridized 1T/2H phases have been synthesized using a microwave-assisted hydrothermal (MTH) method. The concentration of the 1T phase, ranging from 40% to 73%, is controlled by simply adjusting the ratio of the Mo and S precursors. Using the hybridized 1T/2H MoS2 as electrode material, we demonstrate that the resulting supercapacitor performance is dominated by the 1T phase concentration. It was found that supercapacitor having 73% 1T phase exhibits excellent capacitance of 259 F/g and great cyclic stability after 1,000 cycles...
September 20, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937763/hybrid-cis-trans-tetra-arylethenes-with-switchable-aie-and-reversible-photochromism-in-the-solution-pmma-film-solid-powder-and-single-crystal
#6
Qianfu Luo, Fei Cao, Chaochao Xiong, Qingyu Dou, Da-Hui Qu
How to efficiently design and synthesize multifunctional molecules is particularly challenging. Here we devote to constructing a kind of simple structures with composite functionalities through straightforward preparation. Starting from common commercially available materials, the titled cis/ tans-tetraarylethenes can be conveniently obtained by one-pot under mild conditions. The different configurations were confirmed by 1H NMR and single crystal data analysis. The trans-tetraarylethenes could be converted into cis-forms not only by photo-irradiation but also by microwave irradiation, which provided us a new choice for isomeric conversion, especially for which sensitive to light...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936905/microwave-diathermy-and-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-effects-in-primary-dysmenorrhea-clinical-trial-protocol
#7
Aline Fernanda Perez Machado, Monica Rodrigues Perracini, Ariane da Cruz Saraiva de Morais, Bruna Oliveira da Silva, Patricia Driusso, Richard Eloin Liebano
The aim of this study will be to analyze the effects of microwave diathermy (MWD) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on primary dysmenorrhea. Eighty eight women, age range 18-44 years, with no previous pregnancy, no practice physical activities, a BMI of ≤29.9 kg/m(2), a regular menstrual cycle and a diagnosis of primary dysmenorrhea, with menstrual pain ranging from mild to severe, will be selected. The participants will be randomized into four groups: MWD and TENS, MWD and placebo TENS, placebo MWD and TENS, and placebo MWD and placebo TENS...
September 22, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936868/a-microwave-flow-detector-for-gradient-elution-liquid-chromatography
#8
Duye Ye, Weizheng Wang, David Moline, Md Saiful Islam, Feng Chen, Pingshan Wang
This study presents a microwave flow detector for liquid chromatography (LC) applications. The detector is based on a tunable microwave interferometer (MIM) with a vector network analyzer (VNA) for signal measurement and a computer for system control. A microstrip-line based flow cell with a volume of ~0.31 μL was built and incorporated in the MIM. With syringe pump injections, the detector is evaluated by measuring a few common chemicals in DI water at multiple frequencies between 0.98 GHz and 7.09 GHz and shows a minimum detectable quantity (MDQ) of less than 30 ng...
September 22, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934301/microwave-bio-sensor-based-on-symmetrical-split-ring-resonator-with-spurline-filters-for-therapeutic-goods-detection
#9
Rammah A Alahnomi, Z Zakaria, E Ruslan, S R Ab Rashid, Amyrul Azuan Mohd Bahar, Azizah Shaaban
A novel symmetrical split ring resonator (SSRR) based microwave sensor with spurline filters for detecting and characterizing the properties of solid materials has been developed. Due to the weak perturbation in the interaction of material under test (MUT) and planar microwave sensor, spurline filters were embedded to the SSRR microwave sensor which effectively enhanced Q-factor with suppressing the undesired harmonic frequency. The spurline filter structures force the presented sensor to resonate at a fundamental frequency of 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934251/new-experimental-model-for-single-liver-lobe-hyperthermia-in-small-animals-using-non-directional-microwaves
#10
Ionuț Tudorancea, Vlad Porumb, Alexandru Trandabăţ, Decebal Neaga, Bogdan Tamba, Radu Iliescu, Gabriel M Dimofte
PURPOSE: Our aim was to develop a new experimental model for in vivo hyperthermia using non-directional microwaves, applicable to small experimental animals. We present an affordable approach for targeted microwave heat delivery to an isolated liver lobe in rat, which allows rapid, precise and stable tissue temperature control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A new experimental model is proposed. We used a commercial available magnetron generating 2450 MHz, with 4.4V and 14A in the filament and 4500V anodic voltage...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934164/spatial-copula-model-for-imputing-traffic-flow-data-from-remote-microwave-sensors
#11
Xiaolei Ma, Sen Luan, Bowen Du, Bin Yu
Issues of missing data have become increasingly serious with the rapid increase in usage of traffic sensors. Analyses of the Beijing ring expressway have showed that up to 50% of microwave sensors pose missing values. The imputation of missing traffic data must be urgently solved although a precise solution that cannot be easily achieved due to the significant number of missing portions. In this study, copula-based models are proposed for the spatial interpolation of traffic flow from remote traffic microwave sensors...
September 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934104/microwave-deposition-of-palladium-catalysts-on-graphite-spheres-and-reduced-graphene-oxide-sheets-for-electrochemical-glucose-sensing
#12
Jian-De Xie, Siyong Gu, Houan Zhang
This work outlines a synthetic strategy inducing the microwave-assisted synthesis of palladium (Pd) nanocrystals on a graphite sphere (GS) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) supports, forming the Pd catalysts for non-enzymatic glucose oxidation reaction (GOR). The pulse microwave approach takes a short period (i.e., 10 min) to fast synthesize Pd nanocrystals onto a carbon support at 150 °C. The selection of carbon support plays a crucial role in affecting Pd particle size and dispersion uniformity. The robust design of Pd-rGO catalyst electrode displays an enhanced electrocatalytic activity and sensitivity toward GOR...
September 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933824/pd-cu-oxide-nanoconjugate-at-zeolite-y-crystallite-crafting-the-mesoporous-channels-for-selective-oxidation-of-benzyl-alcohols
#13
Mukesh Sharma, Biraj Das, Mitu Sharma, Biplab K Deka, Young-Bin Park, Suresh K Bhargava, Kusum K Bania
Solid-state grinding of palladium and copper salts allowed the growth of palladium/copper oxide interface at the zeolite-Y surface. The hybrid nanostructured material was used as reusable heterogeneous catalyst for selective oxidation of various benzyl alcohols. The large surface area provided by the zeolite-Y matrix highly influenced the catalytic activity as well as the recyclability of the synthesized catalyst. Impregnation of PdO-CuO nanoparticles on zeolite crystallite leads to the generation of mesoporous channel that probably prevented the leaching of the metal-oxide nanoparticles and endorsed high mass transfer...
September 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933536/a-bimetallic-silver-neodymium-theranostic-nanoparticle-with-multimodal-nir-mri-ct-imaging-and-combined-chemo-photothermal-therapy
#14
Sandeep K Mishra, S Kannan
An engineered metallic nanostructure is an excellent candidate for "theranosis" of cancer, having intrinsic properties of multimodal imaging and therapy. Toward this target, the development of silver-neodymium bimetallic nanoparticles (Ag-Nd BNPs) via microwave-assisted polyol synthesis is presented. The resultant Ag-Nd BNPs exhibit good monodispersity with average size of 10 nm, fluorescence in the near-infrared (NIR) region, and magnetic properties. The Ag-Nd BNPs also validate MRI, CT, and NIR trimodal imaging ability and enunciate valuable temperature response upon irradiation under a NIR laser...
September 21, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933531/room-temperature-activation-of-ingazno-thin-film-transistors-via-he-irradiation
#15
Michael G Stanford, Joo Hyon Noh, Kyle Mahady, Anton V Ievlev, Petro Maksymovych, Olga S Ovchinnikova, Philip D Rack
Amorphous indium gallium zinc oxide (a-IGZO) is a transparent semiconductor which has demonstrated excellent electrical performance as thin film transistors (TFTs). However, a high-temperature activation process is generally required which is incompatible for next-generation flexible electronic applications. In this work, He(+) irradiation is demonstrated as an athermal activation process for a-IGZO TFTs. Controlling He+ dose enables the tuning of charge density and a dose of 1×10(14) He(+)/cm(2) induces a change in charge density of 2...
September 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931854/robust-magnon-photon-coupling-in-a-planar-geometry-hybrid-of-inverted-split-ring-resonator-and-yig-film
#16
Biswanath Bhoi, Bosung Kim, Junhoe Kim, Young-Jun Cho, Sang-Koog Kim
We experimentally demonstrate strongly enhanced coupling between excited magnons in an Yttrium Iron Garnet (YIG) film and microwave photons in an inverted pattern of split-ring resonator (noted as ISRR). The anti-crossing effects of the ISRR's photon mode and the YIG's magnon modes were found from |S21|-versus-frequency measurements for different strengths and directions of externally applied magnetic fields. The spin-number-normalized coupling strength (i.e. single spin-photon coupling) [Formula: see text] was determined to 0...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929295/characterization-of-phenolic-pellets-for-esr-dosimetry-in-photon-beam-radiotherapy
#17
Salvatore Gallo, Giuseppina Iacoviello, Salvatore Panzeca, Ivan Veronese, Antonio Bartolotta, Daniele Dondi, Anna Maria Gueli, Gianfranco Loi, Anna Longo, Eleonora Mones, Maurizio Marrale
This work deals with the dosimetric features of a particular phenolic compound (IRGANOX 1076(®)) for dosimetry of clinical photon beams by using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. After the optimization of the ESR readout parameters (namely modulation amplitude and microwave power) to maximise the signal without excessive spectrum distortions, basic dosimetric properties of laboratory-made phenolic dosimeters in pellet form, such as reproducibility, dose-response, sensitivity, linearity and dose rate dependence were investigated...
September 19, 2017: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928535/effects-of-concentration-method-and-storage-time-on-some-bioactive-compounds-and-color-of-jujube-ziziphus-jujuba-var-vulgaris-concentrate
#18
Najmeh Shams Najafabadi, Mohammad Ali Sahari, Mohsen Barzegar, Zohreh Hamidi Esfahani
Jujube extract was concentrated by various heating methods including vacuum, microwave and conventional heating. The effect of concentration methods and storage time (for 90 days at 4 °C) on total phenolic and total monomeric anthocyanin contents, individual anthocyanins, individual organic acids, and color values of jujube concentrate was investigated separately. The desired level of concentration (65.0 °Brix) was achieved in 45, 96 and 117 min by the microwave, vacuum and conventional heating methods, respectively...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928481/erratum-determination-of-low-loss-in-isotopically-pure-single-crystal-28-si-at-low-temperatures-and-single-microwave-photon-energy
#19
Nikita Kostylev, Maxim Goryachev, Andrey D Bulanov, Vladimir A Gavva, Michael E Tobar
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/srep44813.
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928450/nonreciprocal-reconfigurable-microwave-optomechanical-circuit
#20
N R Bernier, L D Tóth, A Koottandavida, M A Ioannou, D Malz, A Nunnenkamp, A K Feofanov, T J Kippenberg
Nonreciprocal microwave devices are ubiquitous in radar and radio communication and indispensable in the readout chains of superconducting quantum circuits. Since they commonly rely on ferrite materials requiring large magnetic fields that make them bulky and lossy, there has been significant interest in magnetic-field-free on-chip alternatives, such as those recently implemented using the Josephson nonlinearity. Here, we realize reconfigurable nonreciprocal transmission between two microwave modes using purely optomechanical interactions in a superconducting electromechanical circuit...
September 19, 2017: Nature Communications
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