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Tao Zhou, Fafa Xia, Yue Deng, Youcai Zhao
Waste textiles (WTs) are the inevitable outcome of human activity and should be separated and recycled in view of sustainable development. In this work, WT was modified through grafting with acrylic acid (AA) via radical polymerization process using ceric ammonium nitrate (CAN) as an initiator and microwave and/or UV irradiation as energy supply. The acrylic acid-grafted waste textiles (WT-g-AA) thus obtained was then used as an adsorbent to remove Pb(II) from Pb(II)-containing wastewater. The effects of pH, initial concentrations of Pb(II) and adsorbent dose were investigated, and around 95% Pb(II) can be removed from the aqueous solution containing 10mg/L at pH6...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Cuihong Zhou, Xintong Huang, Meng Zeng
Dehydrating large amounts of sludge produced by sewage treatment plants is difficult. Microwave pretreatment can effectively and significantly improve the dewaterability and hydrogen production of sludge subjected to anaerobic digestion. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different microwave conditions on hydrogen production from anaerobic digestion and dewaterability of sludge. Based on an analysis of the electric field distribution, a spiral reactor was designed and a continuous microwave system was built to conduct intermittent and continuous experiments under different conditions...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Han-Chun Liu, C Reichl, W Wegscheider, R G Mani
We report the observation of dc-current-bias-induced B-periodic Hall resistance oscillations and Hall plateaus in the GaAs/AlGaAs 2D system under combined microwave radiation- and dc bias excitation at liquid helium temperatures. The Hall resistance oscillations and plateaus appear together with concomitant oscillations also in the diagonal magnetoresistance. The periods of Hall and diagonal resistance oscillations are nearly identical, and source power (P) dependent measurements demonstrate sub-linear relationship of the oscillation amplitude with P over the span 0 < P ≤ 20 mW...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Romain Modeste Nguimdo
Although the plethora real-life systems modeled by nonlinear systems with two independent time delays, the algebraic expressions for determining the stability of their fixed points remain the Achilles' heel. Typically, the approach for studying the stability of delay systems consists in finding the bifurcation lines separating the stable and unstable parameter regions. This work deals with the parametric construction of algebraic expressions and their use for the determination of the stability boundaries of fixed points in nonlinear systems with two independent time delays...
March 2018: Physical Review. E
Maie Bachmann, Laura Päeske, Andreas A Ioannides, Jaanus Lass, Hiie Hinrikus
PURPOSE: This feasibility study is aimed to clarify the possibility of detection of microwave radiation (MWR) induced event related potential (ERP) in electroencephalographic (EEG) signal. METHODS: To trigger onset and offset effects in EEG, repetitive MWR stimuli were used. Four EEG recordings on a single subject were performed, each about one month apart. The subject was exposed to 450 MHz MWR modulated at 40 Hz at the 1 g peak spatial average specific absorption rate of 0...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Hiie Hinrikus, Maie Bachmann, Jaanus Lass
PURPOSE: This topic review aims to explain the mechanism of low-level microwave radiation effect based on published research results. The review presents the analysis of theoretical and experimental results comprising underlying physics and derived biological-physiological consequences supported by experimental data. CONCLUSIONS: The rotation of dipolar molecules causes polarization of dielectric medium and restructuring of hydrogen bonds between these molecules...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Chao Duan, Jingru Meng, Xinqi Wang, Xin Meng, Xiaole Sun, Yongjian Xu, Wei Zhao, Yonghao Ni
A novel cellulose-based antibacterial material, namely silver nanoparticles@ metal-organic frameworks@ carboxymethylated fibers composites (Ag NPs@ HKUST-1@ CFs), was synthesized. The results showed that the metal-organic frameworks (HKUST-1) were uniformly anchored on the fiber's surfaces by virtue of complexation between copper ions in HKUST-1 and carboxyl groups on the carboxymethylated fibers (CFs). The silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were immobilized and well-dispersed into the pores and/or onto the surfaces of HKUST-1 via in situ microwave reduction, resulting in the formation of novel Ag NPs@ HKUST-1@ CFs composites...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Maya Sharma, Anjali Bajpai
A nanocomposite comprising crosslinked hybrid polymer network was prepared using chitin and sugarcane bagasse in presence of montmorillonite clay. Chitin and sugarcane bagasse were micro-fibrillated by ultrasonication of their suspension in an ionic liquid 2-hydroxy ethylammonium formate. Optimum reaction conditions were established by variation of amounts of initiator, monomer and crosslinker, and microwave irradiation to obtain nanocomposite with swelling degree above 1000% in 24 h. Slow and steady swelling was observed and the sample swelled to about 15,000% to form a hydrogel in 15 days...
August 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Luiz Raimundo Seneterri Silva Rodrigues Dos Santos, Aníbal de Freitas Santos, Maria das Graças Andrade Korn
Furosemide can interfere with the metabolism of chemical elements, changing their levels in several tissues, thus causing imbalance. In this study, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES) was used for multi-element analysis (Cd, Cu, Fe, Mg, Pb, Se and Zn) after microwave-assisted digestion, to evaluate the effect of furosemide (loop diuretic) on the composition of these essential and toxic elements in biological samples (liver, kidney, heart, lung and serum) of Wistar rats. Male and female Wistar rats (n = 40, 180-350 g) were randomly divided into 2 groups (n = 20/group)...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Pawel Konieczynski, Grzegorz Szreder, Ewelina Tamowska, Marek Wesolowski
Many people after 50 year of life suffer pains caused by osteoarthritis (OA), which make their life difficult and painful. There is a probable association of OA with the concentration of certain elements in body fluids. Therefore the aim of the study was to relate the level of essential elements in synovial fluids of patients with OA with the treatment using antiarthritic drugs. Thus, flame-atomic absorption spectrometry was used to determine the concentrations of Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn, Na, K, Ca and Mg in 74 samples of synovial fluids taken from 36 patients...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Iva Juranović-Cindrić, Michaela Zeiner, Ana Starčević, Zlatko Liber, Gordana Rusak, Marilena Idžojtić, Gerhard Stingeder
Pine needles have been considered to be useful bio-indicators for air pollution. This phenomenon can be used for environmental studies for monitoring purposes. Additionally, this fact offers the possibility to study uptake and accumulation behaviour not only in different species, but also in hybrids obtained from common pine trees to inheritage processes. Therefore, needles of Pinus nigra Arnold and Pinus thunbergiana Franco as well as of their F1 hybrids were investigated for essential and non-essential metals, such as Al, B, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cu, Cr, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, Pb, Sr, and Zn...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Ravindra Kumar Gupta, Ammathnadu Sudhakar Achalkumar
A high yielding microwave-assisted synthetic method to obtain unsymmetrical perylene diester monoimide (PEI), by treating the perylene tetrester (PTE) with requisite amine is reported. Perylene-based molecules are widely used in the construction of self-assembled supramolecular structures because of their propensity to aggregate under various conditions. In comparison to perylene bisimides (PBIs), PEIs are less studied in organic electronics/self-assembly due to the synthetic difficulty and low yields in their preparation...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Iwona Koltsov, Julita Smalc-Koziorowska, Marta Prześniak-Welenc, Maria Małysa, Giora Kimmel, Jessica McGlynn, Alexey Ganin, Swietlana Stelmakh
A novel method to obtain Al₂O₃⁻ZrO₂ nanocomposites is presented. It consists of the co-precipitation step of boehmite (AlO(OH)) and ZrO₂, followed by microwave hydrothermal treatment at 270 °C and 60 MPa, and by calcination at 600 °C. Using this method, we obtained two nanocomposites: Al₂O₃⁻20 wt % ZrO₂ and Al₂O₃⁻40 wt % ZrO₂. Nanocomposites were characterized by Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy...
May 17, 2018: Materials
Xingli Li, Maohua Liu, Hongxia Cheng, Qun Wang, Chuanna Miao, Shumei Ju, Fang Liu
This investigation aimed to develop the silver (Ag) nanoparticles incorporated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for the improvement wound healing and reduce Aseptic necrosis in treatment of femoral fracture healing. The spherical shaped Ag nanoparticles with improved morphology have been effectively synthesized via microwave assisted method using ionic liquids 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride. The morphological structure and crystalline properties of Ag nanoparticles are analyzed by using UV, XRD and TEM-EDX analytical methods...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Jose M Lorenzo, Amin Mousavi Khaneghah, Mohsen Gavahian, Krystian Marszałek, Ismail Eş, Paulo E S Munekata, Isabel C F R Ferreira, Francisco J Barba
Natural bioactive compounds isolated from aromatic plants have been studied for centuries due to their unique characteristics that carry great importance in food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industry. For instance, several beneficial activities have been attributed to some specific compounds found in Thymus such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial and antiseptic properties. Moreover, these compounds are classified as Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS). Conventional extraction processes of these compounds and their derived forms from thyme leaves are well established, however, they present some important drawbacks such as long extraction time, low yield, high solvent consumption and unfavorable effect on thermolabile compounds...
May 17, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Tanmoy Chakrabrty, Nir Goldin, Akiva Feintuch, Lothar Houben, Michal Leskes
Dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP), a technique in which the high electron spin polarization is transferred to surrounding nuclei via microwaves irradiation, equips solid state NMR spectroscopy with unprecedented sensitivity. The most commonly used polarization agents for DNP are nitroxide radicals. However, their applicability to inorganic materials is mostly limited to surface detection. Paramagnetic metal ions were recently introduced as alternatives for nitroxides. Doping inorganic solids with paramagnetic ions can be used to tune material properties and introduces endogenous DNP agents that can potentially provide sensitivity in the particles' bulk and surface...
May 17, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Elsy De Santiago, Gema Pereira Caro, Jose-Manuel Moreno Rojas, Concepcion Cid, M Paz De Peña
This study aims to investigate whether heat treatment applied to cactus cladodes influences on the bioaccessibility of their (poly)phenolic compounds after simulated gastric and intestinal digestion. A total of 45 (poly)phenols were identified and quantified in raw and cooked cactus cladodes by UHPLC-PDA-HR-MS. Both flavonoids (60-68% total), mainly isorhamnetin derivatives, and phenolic acids (32-40%) with eucomic acids as the predominant ones, significantly (p<0.05) increased with microwaving and griddling processes...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Kateřina Luková, Radim Nesvadba, Tereza Uhlíková, Daniel A Obenchain, Dennis Wachsmuth, Jens-Uwe Grabow, Štěpán Urban
The saturated part of the 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline (THQ) molecule allows for the possibility of multiple conformers' existence. High-resolution microwave spectroscopy, supported by high-level quantum chemistry calculations, was used to determine the precise molecular structures of the conformers of THQ. Via the MP2 calculations, we were able to discriminate four stable conformations, i.e. two pairs of energetically equivalent enantiomorphic conformers. The results of the calculations also indicate that energetically non-equivalent conformers are separated by a low energy barrier (104 cm-1) that allows for conformational cooling to occur...
May 17, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Anna Maria Ierardi, Pierpaolo Biondetti, Andrea Coppola, Enrico Maria Fumarola, Alberto Magenta Biasina, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Background: In oncologic field, thermo-ablative procedures have spread more and more. Percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) showed same benefits and some advantages over radiofrequency ablation (RFA). To date, a disadvantage of both was the not totally predictable size and shape of ablation volume. The aim of this study was to assess feasibility and safety of MWA in nonresectable pancreatic head cancer using a new technology of MW with high power (100 W) and frequency of 2,450 MH. Methods: Five patients with pancreatic head cancer treated with percutaneous MWA under ultrasound guidance were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2018: Gland Surgery
Nick Sweygers, Niels Alewaters, Raf Dewil, Lise Appels
In this study, the effect of microwaves on the production of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) in a biphasic system was evaluated via a kinetic analysis. The reaction system consisted of an acidified aqueous phase and methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) as an organic phase, in which HMF is extracted directly upon formation during the reaction. Two identically shaped reactors were used to assess the influence of microwaves on the production of HMF. A borosilicate glass reactor was used to heat the reaction mixture via microwaves directly, whereas the silicon carbide (SiC) wall of the second reactor absorbed all microwaves and hence the reactor content was heated via convective heat transfer...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
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