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Meniscal lesions

Marc-Etienne Parent, François Vézina, Nathalie Carrier, Ariel Masetto
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the indications for and clinical procedures resulting from knee magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in older patients. DESIGN: We retrospectively analyzed 215 medical records of patients 50 years of age and older who had undergone a unilateral knee MRI in 2009. SETTING: Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke in Quebec. PARTICIPANTS: Patients 50 years of age and older who underwent a knee MRI in 2009...
March 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Christian H Siebert, Roland Becker, Matthias Buchner, Jürgen Förster, Karl-Heinz Frosch, Andreas Losch, Philipp Niemeyer, Sven Scheffler
A meniscal injury should not automatically lead to surgery. Even in light of all the developments in arthroscopic surgery, non-operative management still has a place in the treatment algorithms for lesions around the knee. In this second publication of the German guidelines for meniscal surgery, the authors describe the various treatment possibilities, their indications and offer critical insight into the various therapeutic options. This will allow the patient and physician alike to make the proper individual decisions...
March 12, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Timothy B Pekari, Kevin C Wang, Eric J Cotter, Nicholas Kusnezov, Brian R Waterman
The purpose of this investigation is to report on trends over time in the treatment of meniscal pathology among military orthopaedic surgeons, as well as to evaluate the impact of patient demographics and concomitant procedure on the type of meniscal procedure performed. We performed a retrospective analysis of all active-duty United States military servicemembers who underwent a meniscal procedure from 2010 to 2015 within the Military Health System. Patient demographics and surgical variables were extracted from the electronic medical record...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
L Bause, A Niemeier, V Krenn
The German Society of Orthopaedic Rheumatology (DGORh) honored Prof. Dr. med. Veit Krenn (MVZ-ZHZMD-Trier) with the Arthur Vick Prize 2017. With this award, scientific results with high impact on the diagnosis, therapy and pathogenetic understanding of rheumatic diseases are honored. In cooperation with pathologists and colleagues from various clinical disciplines Prof. Dr. med. Veit Krenn developed several histopathologic scoring systems which contribute to the diagnosis and pathogenetic understanding of degenerative and rheumatic diseases...
March 5, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
Hervé Ouanezar, William G Blakeney, Charles Latrobe, Adnan Saithna, Levi Reina Fernandes, Jean Romain Delaloye, Mathieu Thaunat, Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet
PURPOSE: Repairs of the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus can be technically challenging. In contrast to medial meniscus repairs, the capsule around the posterior segment attachment of the lateral meniscus is quite thin. This study evaluates the clinical results of an arthroscopic all-inside repair technique for unstable, vertical, lateral meniscus tears, using a suture repair placed directly into the popliteus tendon. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from the SANTI database was performed...
March 3, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Shuji Taketomi, Hiroshi Inui, Ryota Yamagami, Kohei Kawaguchi, Keiu Nakazato, Kenichi Kono, Manabu Kawata, Takumi Nakagawa, Sakae Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between the prevalence of meniscal and chondral lesions and the timing of surgery in patients undergoing primary anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction to determine a safe time for surgery. METHODS: This retrospective study involved 226 patients (91 females and 135 males; median age, 29 years) undergoing primary ACL reconstruction. Time interval from ACL injury to surgery (median, 4 months; range, 1-420 months) and concomitant meniscal and cartilage lesions in ACL reconstruction were reviewed...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Hyun Il Lee, Dongjun Park, Jinho Cho
Purpose: To identify the structural integrity of the healing site after medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) in patients with a posterior root tear of the medial meniscus (PRTMM) and chondral lesion by second-look arthroscopy and to determine the clinical and radiological findings. Materials and Methods: From August 2010 to June 2016, 52 consecutive patients underwent MOWHTO and arthroscopic examination without a chondral resurfacing procedure and meniscal treatment for PRTMM...
March 1, 2018: Knee Surgery & related Research
Julio Brandao Guimaraes, Luca Facchetti, Benedikt J Schwaiger, Alexandra S Gersing, Xiaojuan Li, Thomas M Link
OBJECTIVES: To assess (i) normal imaging anatomy of the popliteomeniscal fascicles, (ii) prevalence and natural evolution of popliteomeniscal fascicle tears (PMFT) in subjects with traumatic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears over 2 years and (iii) compare knee cartilage degeneration in subjects with and without PMFT longitudinally. METHODS: 57 subjects with ACL tears were screened for PMFT. Morphological (high-resolution 3D fast spin-echo) and compositional (T1ρ and T2 mapping) MR imaging was performed prior to and 2 years after ACL reconstruction...
February 23, 2018: European Radiology
Mark E Cinque, Jorge Chahla, Justin J Mitchell, Gilbert Moatshe, Jonas Pogorzelski, Colin P Murphy, Nicholas I Kennedy, Jonathan A Godin, Robert F LaPrade
Background: Meniscal and chondral lesions are commonly associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, and these lesions may play a role in patient outcomes after ACL reconstruction. Purpose: To determine the effects of the presence and location of meniscal and chondral lesions at the time of ACL reconstruction on patient-reported outcomes at a minimum 2-year follow-up. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: Patients with no prior knee surgery who underwent primary ACL reconstruction by a single surgeon between 2010 and 2014 were included in this study...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Kazuhisa Hatayama, Masanori Terauchi, Kenichi Saito, Jun Aoki, Satoshi Nonaka, Hiroshi Higuchi
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosing ramp lesions, to compare them between 1.5- and 3-T MRI, and to evaluate whether bone contusion of the posterior lip of the medial tibial plateau was associated with ramp lesions. METHODS: For 155 knees that underwent primary ACL reconstruction, we prospectively examined for ramp lesions and medial meniscal body tears on MRI. MRI diagnosis of ramp lesions required high signal irregularity of the capsular margin or separation in the meniscocapsular junction of the medial meniscus posterior horn on sagittal images...
February 15, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
H F Hart, K M Crossley, D Felson, M Jarraya, A Guermazi, F Roemer, B Lewis, J Torner, M Nevitt, J J Stefanik
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship of meniscal damage to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of compartment-specific patellofemoral joint (PFJ) osteoarthritis (OA) at baseline and 2 years later. METHOD: Individuals from a prospective cohort of individuals aged 50-79 with or at risk of knee OA were included. At the 60-month and 84-month study visit, Whole-Organ MRI Score (WORMS) was used to assess meniscal tears and extrusions as well as cartilage damage and bone marrow lesions (BMLs) in the medial and lateral patella and trochlea...
February 7, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Jonas Bloch Thorlund, Carsten Bogh Juhl, Lina Holm Ingelsrud, Søren Thorgaard Skou
This statement aimed at summarising and appraising the available evidence for risk factors, diagnostic tools and non-surgical treatments for patients with meniscal tears. We systematically searched electronic databases using a pragmatic search strategy approach. Included studies were synthesised quantitatively or qualitatively, as appropriate. Strength of evidence was determined according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation framework. Low-quality evidence suggested that overweight (degenerative tears, k=3), male sex (k=4), contact and pivoting sports (k=2), and frequent occupational kneeling/squatting (k=3) were risk factors for meniscal tears...
February 2, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Ewa M Roos, Kristoffer Borbjerg Hare, Sabrina Mai Nielsen, Robin Christensen, L Stefan Lohmander
OBJECTIVE: Compare arthroscopic partial meniscectomy to a true sham intervention. METHODS: Sham-controlled superiority trial performed in three county hospitals in Denmark comparing arthroscopic partial meniscectomy to skin incisions only in patients aged 35-55 years with persistent knee pain and an MRI-confirmed medial meniscus lesion. A computer-generated table of random numbers generated two comparison groups. Participants and outcome assessors were blinded to group allocation...
February 2, 2018: BMJ Open
Young Mo Kim, Yong-Bum Joo
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical, arthroscopic, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of knees with anomalous insertion of the anterior horn of the medial meniscus (AHMM) into the intercondylar notch via an anteromedial meniscofemoral ligament (AMMFL). METHODS: A total of 2,503 arthroscopic knee surgeries performed from July 2003 to October 2016 were reviewed retrospectively to identify knees with an AMMFL. Medical records, arthroscopic photographs, and MRI of identified cases were analyzed...
February 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
F Lecouvet, T Van Haver, S Acid, V Perlepe, T Kirchgesner, B Vande Berg, P Triqueneaux, M-L Denis, E Thienpont, J Malghem
This article characterizes common meniscal pathologies, reviews magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnostic criteria for meniscal tears, and identifies difficult-to-detect tears and fragments and the best MRI sequences and practices for recognizing these lesions. These difficult-to-diagnose meniscal lesions that radiologists should consider include tears, meniscocapsular separation lesions, and displaced meniscal fragments. Meniscus tears are either vertical, which are generally associated with traumatic injury, horizontal, which are associated with degenerative injury, or combinations of both...
January 27, 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Sadeshkumar Balasingam, Ninni Sernert, Henrik Magnusson, Jüri Kartus
PURPOSE: To analyze and compare clinical outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction 5 and 10 years postsurgery between patients with concomitant intra-articular injuries and those with isolated ACL injury at reconstruction. METHODS: Registrations were made using a web-based protocol by physicians for baseline and surgical data. Patients registered their Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) preoperatively and at 5 and 10 years postsurgery...
January 27, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Lynn B Williams, Adetola B Adesida
Meniscal injuries commonly result in osteoarthritis causing long term morbidity, lifelong treatment, joint replacement and significant financial burden to the Canadian healthcare system. Injuries to the outer third of the meniscus often heal well due to adequate blood supply. Healing of injuries in the inner two thirds of the meniscus are often critically retarded due to a lack of blood flow necessitating partial meniscectomy in many instances. Localized angiogenesis in the inner meniscus has yet to be achieved despite a belief that vascularization of these lesions corresponds with meniscal healing...
January 29, 2018: Injury
Hiroshi Nakayama, Ryo Kanto, Shunichiro Kambara, Kenji Kurosaka, Shintaro Onishi, Shinichi Yoshiya, Motoi Yamaguchi
Objective: To examine the clinical and functional outcomes for a series of patients who underwent meniscal repair for isolated meniscal tears focusing the study population on athletes. Methods: This study represents a case series of 46 athletes who underwent repair of isolated meniscal lesions of the knee from 2010 to 2015. Cases of discoid meniscal lesions and combined ligament injuries were excluded. The mean age of the patients was 22.9 years ranging from 12 to 50 years...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific journal of sports medicine, arthroscopy, rehabilitation and technology
Gianni Di Vico, Sigismondo Luca Di Donato, Giovanni Balato, Gaetano Correra, Alessio D'Addona, Nicola Maffulli, Donato Rosa
Background: Anterior cruciate ligament tears (ACL) are associated with meniscal lesions, that could involve the posterior horn of the medial meniscus (PHMM). A variety of techniques has been proposed to better visualise the postero-medial (PM) compartment. The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of longitudinal tears of peripheral attachment of the PHMM during arthroscopic ACL reconstruction, and to describe a diagnostic algorithm. Methods: 115 patients who underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction were enrolled for the study...
July 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
(no author information available yet)
Meniscus and articular cartilage lesions are common knee injuries. The resulting knee pain and mobility impairments can be improved by physical therapists during nonoperative and operative management. Recommendations from clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) such as this revision, titled "Knee Pain and Mobility Impairments: Meniscal and Articular Cartilage Lesions," published in the February 2018 issue of JOSPT, can help physical therapists engage in evidence-informed practice and reduce unnecessary clinical variation...
February 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
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