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Pediatric dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492195/evaluation-of-nitrous-oxide-oxygen-and-triclofos-sodium-as-conscious-sedative-agents
#1
Priya Subramaniam, K L Girish Babu, Disha Lakhotia
BACKGROUND: Conscious sedation is used in the pediatric dentistry to reduce fear and anxiety in children and promote favorable treatment outcomes. To achieve them, the primary clinical need is for a well-tolerated, effective, and expedient analgesic and sedative agent that is safe to use. AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of nitrous oxide-oxygen and triclofos sodium as conscious sedative agents in 5-10-year-old children. METHODOLOGY: Sixty children aged 5-10 years showing anxious, uncooperative, and apprehensive behavior were randomly divided and assigned into two groups (Groups A and B) such that Group A received 40% nitrous oxide-60% oxygen and Group B received triclofos sodium in the dose of 70 mg/kg body weight, given 30 min before the treatment procedure...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492193/effectiveness-of-two-different-behavioral-modification-techniques-among-5-7-year-old-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Aruna Prashanth Vishwakarma, Prashant Arjun Bondarde, Sudha Bhimangouda Patil, Arun Suresh Dodamani, Prashanth Yachrappa Vishwakarma, Shoeb A Mujawar
BACKGROUND: Dental fear is a common, essential, and inevitable emotion that appears as a response to the stressful situation, which raises children's anxiety level, resulting in reduced demand for pediatric dental care. AIMS: (1) To compare and evaluate the effectiveness of customized tell-play-do (TPD) technique with live modeling for behavior management of children. (2) To compare the behavioral modification techniques in managing the children during their dental visits...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492186/recent-research-trends-in-dentistry
#3
REVIEW
Shobha Tandon, Annapurny Venkiteswaran, Sudhindra M Baliga, Ullal Anand Nayak
Research being an investigative process is employed to increase or revise the current knowledge. Scientific research involves the conduct of a methodical study to prove a hypothesis or give an answer to a specific question with the main aim of finding definitive answer. This paper aims to advance knowledge of research and develop interest in the postgraduate students. It also throws light on the existing and emerging research strengths within a "high-performance culture." The trends in dental research worldwide are looked at, in particular, a comparison between the publication status in two countries, namely India and Australia...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490941/effectiveness-of-hypnosis-in-combination-with-conventional-techniques-of-behavior-management-in-anxiety-pain-reduction-during-dental-anesthetic-infiltration
#4
A Ramírez-Carrasco, C Butrón-Téllez Girón, O Sanchez-Armass, M Pierdant-Pérez
Background and Objective. Anxiety/pain are experiences that make dental treatment difficult for children, especially during the time of anesthesia. Hypnosis is used in pediatric clinical situations to modify thinking, behavior, and perception as well as, recently, in dentistry; therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of hypnosis combined with conventional behavior management techniques during infiltration anesthetic. Methods. Anxiety/pain were assessed with the FLACC scale during the anesthetic moment, as well as heart rate variability and skin conductance before and during the anesthetic moment, between the control and experimental group...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490845/a-survey-of-pediatric-dentists-caries-related-treatment-decisions-and-restorative-modalities-a-web-based-survey
#5
Hassan S Halawany, Fouad Salama, Vimal Jacob, Nimmi Biju Abraham, Tarfa Nasser Bin Moharib, Abdulfatah Samih Alazmah, Jawaher Abdulaziz Al Harbi
OBJECTIVE: To identify current practices and the preferred caries-related treatment decisions and restorative modalities of primary teeth among pediatric dental practitioners in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a web-based cross-sectional survey conducted among licensed pediatric dental practitioners in Saudi Arabia. Following the retrieval of the email addresses from the Saudi Dental Council, an email explaining the purpose of the study and a link to SurveyMonkey electronic survey consisting of 23 questions was sent to all the members registered under the pediatric dentistry practitioners, starting in September till December 2013...
April 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457477/parental-perceptions-and-acceptance-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-staining
#6
Yasmi O Crystal, Malvin N Janal, Dylan S Hamilton, Richard Niederman
BACKGROUND: The caries arrest that can be achieved by using silver diamine fluoride (SDF) offers a minimally invasive and inexpensive alternative to traditional restorative caries treatment. The authors evaluated how the dentinal staining that is associated with SDF influences the acceptance of this treatment among parents of young children in the New York City metropolitan area. METHODS: The authors invited the parents of children who had experienced dental caries and who had appointments at the New York University Pediatric Dentistry Clinic and at several private clinics in New Jersey to participate in a Web-based survey designed to assess parents' demographics, perceptions of photographs of SDF-treated carious teeth, and acceptability of treatment in different behavior management scenarios...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439403/policy-entrepreneurship-and-policy-networks-in-healthcare-systems-the-case-of-israel-s-pediatric-dentistry-reform
#7
Nissim Cohen, Tuvia Horev
BACKGROUND: Can the entry of a policy entrepreneur challenge the equilibrium of a policy network and promote changes that might clash with the goals of powerful civil-servants and/or interest groups and, if so, why and how? Our goal is to examine two sides of the same coin: how does an in-depth analysis of Israel's dental care reform enrich our understanding of policy networks and policy entrepreneurship? Second, how does the literature on policy networks and policy entrepreneurship help us understand this reform? Based on a theoretical framework that appears in the literature of policy entrepreneurship and policy networks, we analyze the motivations, goals and strategies of the main actors involved in the process of reforming pediatric dental care in Israel...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#8
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429483/management-of-periodontal-health-in-children-pediatric-dentistry-and-periodontology-interface
#9
REVIEW
Bernadette K Drummond, Michael G Brosnan, Jonathan W Leichter
The oral health of children and adolescents mirrors their general health. Because oral health care is often delivered in isolation from general health care, oral signs and symptoms do not always alert practitioners to their significance beyond the mouth. An important example of this is the association of a higher risk of dental caries and periodontal disease in children and adolescents with overweight, obesity and prediabetic conditions. Oral-health practitioners need to consider the health conditions that their patients may have...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422598/the-use-of-restorative-materials-in-primary-molars-among-pediatric-dentists-in-israel
#10
Sigalit Blumer, Benjamin Peretz, Tal Ratson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the current choice of various restoration materials among Israeli pediatric dentists according to seniority and specialty. STUDY DESIGN: Participating dentists completed a 23-item questionnaire on their qualifications, type of practice and preference of restorative material. RESULTS: Seventy-five dentists (average age 46.27±12.6 years, 58 females) participated. Forty-one were specialist pediatric dentists and 34 were general practitioners...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422597/post-discharge-events-occurring-after-dental-treatment-under-deep-sedation-in-pediatric-patients
#11
Esti Davidovich, Liron Meltzer, Jacob Efrat, David Gozal, Diana Ram
PURPOSE: Deep sedation is often required in dentistry for treating children with uncooperative behavior. We assessed immediate post-sedation events during the first 24 hours after dental treatment under deep sedation in children, and examined correlations to a number of variables. STUDY DESIGN: Information was collected from medical files for a convenience sample of children between the ages of 1 and 16, who were treated under deep sedation at one clinic (propofol alone or combined with a sedative agent)...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422593/fundamentals-in-biostatistics-for-investigation-in-pediatric-dentistry-part-ii-biostatistical-methods
#12
Amaury Pozos-Guillén, Socorro Ruiz-Rodríguez, Arturo Garrocho-Rangel
The main purpose of the second part of this series was to provide the reader with some basic aspects of the most common biostatistical methods employed in health sciences, in order to better understand the validity, significance and reliability of the results from any article on Pediatric Dentistry. Currently, as mentioned in the first paper, Pediatric Dentists need basic biostatistical knowledge to be able to apply it when critically appraise a dental article during the Evidence-based Dentistry (EBD) process, or when participating in the development of a clinical study with dental pediatric patients...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422591/effect-of-papacarie-and-alternative-restorative-treatment-on-pain-reaction-during-caries-removal-among-children-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Amg Abdul Khalek, M A Elkateb, W E Abdel Aziz, M El Tantawi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of Papacarie and Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) on pain and discomfort during caries removal among children. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty healthy, 4-8 year-old children were equally and randomly allocated to Papacarie and ART to remove caries from decayed primary teeth. A randomized, controlled, blinded, two parallel-arms clinical trial was conducted in the clinic of the Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health Department, Alexandria University, Egypt in March 2014...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422590/localized-juvenile-spongiotic-gingival-hyperplasia-report-of-two-cases
#14
Eleni-Marina Kalogirou, Konstantina Chatzidimitriou, Konstantinos I Tosios, Evangelia P Piperi, Alexandra Sklavounou
OBJECTIVE: Localized juvenile spongiotic gingival hyperplasia (LJSGH) is a painless gingival swelling that histologically exhibits hyperplasia of the non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium, intercellular edema and spongiosis of the spinus layer, and exocytosis of inflammatory cells. LJSGH pathogenesis remains to be elucidated, while a possible origin from the gingival sulcus epithelium is nowadays proposed. STUDY DESIGN: We report two cases of LJSGH with immunohistochemical evaluation of cytokeratins (CKs) 18 and 19...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399933/intranasal-sedation-using-ketamine-and-midazolam-for-pediatric-dental-treatment-naso-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Heloisa Sousa Gomes, Analya Rodrigues Miranda, Karolline Alves Viana, Aline Carvalho Batista, Paulo Sucasas Costa, Anelise Daher, Geovanna de Castro Morais Machado, Joji Sado-Filho, Liliani Aires Candido Vieira, Patrícia Corrêa-Faria, Marie Therese Hosey, Luciane Rezende Costa
BACKGROUND: Uncooperative children may need to receive dental treatment under sedation, which is indicated when nonpharmacological behavior guidance is unsuccessful. There are randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing different sedative protocols for dental procedures; however, the evidence for superiority of one form over another is weak. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of intranasally administered ketamine plus midazolam for the dental treatment of children...
April 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397938/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-in-children-dental-considerations
#16
Fares S Al-Sehaibany
As of January 2016, 1,633 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection and 587 MERS-related deaths have been reported by the World Health Organization globally. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus  may occur sporadically in communities or may be transmitted within families or hospitals. The number of confirmed MERS-CoV cases among healthcare workers has been increasing. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus may also spread through aerosols generated during various dental treatments, resulting in transmission between patients and dentists...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394107/prevalence-type-and-etiology-of-dental-and-soft-tissue-injuries-in-children-in-croatia
#17
Josip Škaričić, Marko Vuletić, Sandra Hrvatin, Jesenka Jeličić, Ivana Čuković-Bagić
The prevalence, type and etiology of dental and soft tissue injuries and relationship between the time of arrival and sustaining soft tissue injury were analyzed in this retrospective study conducted at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, University Dental Clinic in Zagreb, Croatia, during the 2010-2014 period using documentation on 447 patients (264 male and 183 female) aged 1-16 years with injuries of primary and permanent teeth. The highest prevalence of traumatic dental injury (TDI) was found in the 7-12 age group and maxillary central incisors were most frequently affected (80...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390466/a-nomogram-for-calculation-of-maximum-recommended-dose-by-volume-of-local-anesthetic-in-pediatric-dentistry
#18
David Williams, Theodore Splaver, Jason Walker
PURPOSE: Calculation of maximum recommended doses for local anesthetic agents and added vasopressors is complex and error-prone with potentially fatal consequences. The purpose of this investigation was to develop a nomogram to calculate the maximum recommended doses, expressed as volumes (number of cartridges or ml) of local anesthetic for healthy U.S. pediatric dental patients based on body weight, and test its accuracy and reproducibility. METHODS: Standard mathematical techniques were used to draft the nomogram...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387098/-the-importance-of-pulp-therapy-in-deciduous-teeth
#19
REVIEW
A Bolette, S Truong, A Guéders, S Geerts
Preserving primary teeth is crucial for maintaining the maxillary growth, aesthetics, mastication, and speech and for preventing from abnormal habits. Given the peculiar anatomy of the primary tooth, caries grow faster and more frequently to the pulp. In pediatric dentistry, new methods and enhanced material have been recently released on the market and broadened the field of treatments. In this paper, we review the pulp diseases affecting children and focus on the current root canal therapies that favour the physiological primary tooth loss...
December 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377664/diagnosis-and-management-of-hidden-caries-in-a-primary-molar-tooth
#20
Arwa Gera, Uri Zilberman
Hidden caries is a dentinal lesion beneath the dentinoenamel junction, visible on radiographs. A single report described this lesion in primary dentition. This case report describes a case of hidden caries in a mandibular second primary molar, misdiagnosed as malignant swelling. A 3-year-old white girl was referred to the Department of Pediatric Dentistry with a chief complaint of pain and extraoral swelling on the right side of the mandible for the last 3 months. She was earlier referred to the surgical department for biopsy of the lesion...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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