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Pediatric dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446267/skin-irritation-from-a-facial-mask-in-class-iii-malocclusion-evaluation-of-individual-silicone-chin-cups-in-a-group-of-100-children
#1
Gaetano Ierardo, Valeria Luzzi, Iole Vozza, Antonella Polimeni, Maurizio Bossù
BACKGROUND: Reverse headgear (a facial mask) is one of the most frequently used interceptive orthodontic devices in patients with Class III malocclusion. It is a simple device but may present some drawbacks related to pressure on the skin generated by the forehead and chin supports linked to the maxillary intraoral appliance by elastics. This can cause injury to the chin and lips. METHODS: Patients between 7 and 8 years of age were selected from the Unit of Pediatric Dentistry...
April 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422477/parental-presence-absence-in-the-dental-operatory-as-a-behavior-management-technique-a-review-and-modified-view
#2
Hicham Riba, Asma Al-Shahrani, Hayat Al-Ghutaimel, Adel Al-Otaibi, Salim Al-Kahtani
INTRODUCTION: Parental presence/absence in the dental operatory (also called: Parent-in-parent-out technique) is an extremely controversial aspect of the nonpharmacological BMTs. Historically, dentists used to exclude parents from dental operatory to avoid their interference with the dentist's aptitude to build a rapport and relationship with the child, hence increasing the child management problems by disrupting treatment and making the dentist unfocused and uncomfortable. AIM: The purpose of this article is to review and emphasize on the importance of parental presence/absence in the dental operatory, especially in a certain age group, as a behavior management technique (BMT) in pediatric dentistry, and to present a modified view of this technique...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412367/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-children-with-oral-clefts-and-their-families
#3
Gabriela Mendonça Rando, Paula Karine Jorge, Luciana Lourenço Ribeiro Vitor, Cleide Felício Carvalho Carrara, Simone Soares, Thiago Cruvinel Silva, Daniela Rios, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado, Maria Beatriz Gavião, Thais Marchini Oliveira
Oral health problems can influence people's Quality of Life (QoL) because of pain, discomfort, limitations, and other esthetics problems, affecting their social life, feeding, daily activities, and the individual's well-being. To compare oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children with and without oral clefts and their families. 121 children aged from 2 to 6 years, from both sexes, enrolled in the treatment routine of the Pediatric Dentistry Clinics of a Dental School and a Hospital for Cleft Treatment were divided into two groups: Group 1 - children with cleft lip and palate; Group 2 - children without cleft lip and palate...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403222/insulin-syringe-a-gimmick-in-pediatric-dentistry
#4
Gurpreet Kour, Updesh Masih, Chanchal Singh, Manvi Srivastava, Priti Yadav, Jagriti Kushwah
Aim: The management of pain and anxiety in dentistry encompasses a number of procedural issues, including the delivery of anesthetic solution. One of the most important ways to manage the behavior of children is pain control. Trypanophobia is very common among dental patients and the most important goal of guidelines on behavior guidance for pediatric dental patient is to ease fear and anxiety in dental procedures in children. For the stated reasons, the purpose of the present study was to record child's pain sensation both objectively and subjectively while receiving dental local anesthesia using conventional syringes and diabetic needles...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386773/shear-bond-strength-of-different-restorative-materials-to-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-and-biodentine
#5
Fatih Tulumbaci, Merve Erkmen Almaz, Volkan Arikan, Merve Safa Mutluay
Significance of Study: Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Biodentine (calcium silicate-based materials) have great importance in dentistry. There is no study comparing the bond strength of Biodentine and MTA for composite, compomer, and compomer or resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGIC). Although many advantages of Biodentine over MTA; in this study, MTA has shown better shear bond strength (SBS) to restorative materials. Aim: Recently, a variety of calcium silicate-based materials are often used for pulp capping, perforation repair, and endodontic therapies...
September 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363987/association-of-possible-sleep-bruxism-in-children-with-different-chronotype-profiles-and-sleep-characteristics
#6
Mariana Batista Ribeiro, Daniele Manfredini, Cláudia Tavares-Silva, Leandro Costa, Ronir Raggio Luiz, Saul Paiva, Júnia Maria Serra-Negra, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves, Lucianne Cople Maia
Sleep bruxism (SB) in children has been associated with several sleep characteristics, which may alter their sleep pattern. This change affects the internal biological clock and consequently the chronotype profile. The aim of this study was to evaluate the existence of an association between possible SB in children with specific chronotype profiles and sleep characteristics. The study included 207 parents/guardians of children aged between 3 and 12 years who were waiting for their children's dental treatment at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
January 24, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358158/internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-children-and-adolescents-with-dental-anxiety-open-trial
#7
Shervin Shahnavaz, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Tove Hasselblad, Lena Reuterskiöld, Viktor Kaldo, Göran Dahllöf
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based method for treating specific phobias, but access to treatment is difficult, especially for children and adolescents with dental anxiety. Psychologist-guided Internet-based CBT (ICBT) may be an effective way of increasing accessibility while maintaining treatment effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that psychologist-guided ICBT improves school-aged children's and adolescents' ability to manage dental anxiety by (1) decreasing avoidance and affecting the phobia diagnosis and (2) decreasing the dental fear and increasing the target groups' self-efficacy...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356184/estimation-of-the-radiation-dose-for-pediatric-cbct-indications-a-prospective-study-on-promax3d
#8
Maria Marcu, Mihaela Hedesiu, Benjamin Salmon, Ruben Pauwels, Andreas Stratis, Anne Caroline Costa Oenning, Mike E Cohen, Reinhilde Jacobs, Mihaela Baciut, Raluca Roman, Cristian Dinu, Horatiu Rotaru, Ioan Barbur
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of CBCT units and a wide variability of radiation doses have been reported in dentistry lately. AIM: To estimate the effective, cumulative, and organ absorbed doses in children exposed to CBCT over 2 years. DESIGN: A prospective study was conducted in children who underwent CBCT diagnostic imaging with the ProMax3D machine. Organ and effective doses were calculated by Monte Carlo simulation using 5- and 8-year-old pediatric voxel phantoms...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335054/orbital-mediastinal-and-cervicofacial-subcutaneous-emphysema-after-dental-rehabilitation-in-a-pediatric-patient
#9
William J Boggess, Jeanine Ronan, Neeraj Panchal
Subcutaneous emphysema is a rare possible complication of dental procedures. The majority of the dental literature describes cases of localized areas of subcutaneous emphysema following various dental procedures, with a large number of these cases seen following intraoral surgical procedures. Classically, subcutaneous emphysema occurs within minutes to hours after conclusion of dental procedures and is commonly misdiagnosed as either an allergic reaction or acute post-operative swelling. This case report describes a four-year-old male who underwent dental rehabilitation for routine restorative dentistry without extractions under general anesthesia...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326814/paediatric-dentistry-novel-evolvement
#10
REVIEW
Saleha Shah
Pediatric dentistry provides primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health care for infants and children through adolescence, together with special health care needs. This specialty encompasses a variety of skills, disciplines, procedures and techniques that share a common origin with other dental specialties however these have been modified and reformed to the distinctive requirements of infants, children, adolescents and special health care needs. Disciplines comprise of behavior guidance, care of the medically and developmentally compromised and disabled patient, supervision of orofacial growth and development, caries prevention, sedation, pharmacological management, and hospital dentistry including other traditional fields of dentistry...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326514/modified-angle-s-classification-for-primary-dentition
#11
Kaushik Narendra Chandranee, Narendra Jayantilal Chandranee, Devendra Nagpal, Gagandeep Lamba, Purva Choudhari, Kavita Hotwani
Aim: This study aims to propose a modification of Angle's classification for primary dentition and to assess its applicability in children from Central India, Nagpur. Methods: Modification in Angle's classification has been proposed for application in primary dentition. Small roman numbers i/ii/iii are used for primary dentition notation to represent Angle's Class I/II/III molar relationships as in permanent dentition, respectively. To assess applicability of modified Angle's classification a cross-sectional preschool 2000 children population from central India; 3-6 years of age residing in Nagpur metropolitan city of Maharashtra state were selected randomly as per the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326503/impact-of-dental-trauma-on-quality-of-life-among-11-14-years-schoolchildren
#12
Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302280/a-smart-rotary-technique-versus-conventional-pulpectomy-for-primary-teeth-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#13
Negar Mokhtari, Alireza-Sarraf Shirazi, Masoumeh Ebrahimi
Background: Techniques with adequate accuracy of working length determination along with shorter duration of treatment in pulpectomy procedure seems to be essential in pediatric dentistry. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of root canal length measurement with Root ZX II apex locator and rotary system in pulpectomy of primary teeth. Material and Methods: In this randomized control clinical trial complete pulpectomy was performed on 80 mandibular primary molars in 80, 4-6-year-old children...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285334/bisphosphonates-therapy-in-children-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-clinical-experience-in-oral-surgery
#14
G Ierardo, M Bossù, G D'Angeli, M Celli, G Sfasciotti
Objectives: To define the possible complications of oral surgery in childhood in patients affected by type 1 Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and treated with bisphosphonates (BP). Methods: The study was conducted among 20 patients in childhood with an age range 8-14 (12 ♂ e 8 ♀) affected by OI. Patients were initially evaluated at the Policlinico Umberto I, University Hospital of Rome, Rare Disease Center Skeletal Dysplasia-Bone Metabolic Pathologies and after at the Policlinico Umberto I, University Hospital of Rome, Head and Neck Department, UOC Pediatric Dentistry...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282168/oral-health-literacy-as-a-predictor-of-dental-anxiety-in-parents-of-children-undergoing-dental-treatment
#15
Jéssica Copetti Barasuol, Luciana Reichert da Silva Assunção, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, José Vitor Nogara Borges Menezes
PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between parents' dental anxiety (DA) and independent variables. METHODS: One hundred sixty-eight dyads of parents and six- to 12-year-old children who were undergoing treatment at a university pediatric dentistry clinic were recruited. Two examiners evaluated parents' DA and oral health literacy (OHL) using the Brazilian version of Corah's dental anxiety scale and the Brazilian Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (BREALD-30), respectively...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282167/pediatric-dental-resident-s-education-on-children-with-special-health-care-needs-in-the-united-states
#16
Suher Baker, Marc Thomas
PURPOSE: To describe pediatric dental residents education as it pertains to children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN). METHODS: A web-based survey was administered to 80 program directors of pediatric dental residencies recognized by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD). The survey identified demographic data and education and training methods pertaining to CSHCN. RESULTS: Forty surveys (50 percent) were received from programs in all six AAPD regions...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278007/what-do-polish-parents-know-about-dental-trauma-and-its-management-in-children-s-treatment-a-questionnaire-study
#17
Magdalena Świątkowska, Joanna Kargol, Anna Turska-Szybka, Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the knowledge of Polish parents concerning traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) and their management in children and to assess the influence of TDI experience on parents' knowledge. METHODS: A questionnaire study conducted from May 2014 to February 2015 involved 741 randomly selected individual parents of children aged 1-17 receiving treatment at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry at the Medical University of Warsaw. The questionnaire consisted of 28 questions concerning TDI management...
December 26, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232884/practicing-dentists-self-efficacy-and-associated-factors-in-managing-the-treatment-of-adults-with-mental-and-physical-disabilities-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-study-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#18
Sakher AlQahtani, Ebtissam Zakaria Murshid, Hani Talal Fadel, Saba Kassim
Background: Provision of oral healthcare to adults with mental and physical disabilities (AMPD) remains a challenging area across various healthcare systems. The present study aimed to assess self-reported efficacy and investigate factors associated with self-efficacy in the management of AMPD among practicing dentists in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A pilot-tested, self-administered questionnaire was distributed to a convenience sample of 1000 dentists. Descriptive and inferential analyses were performed on the collected responses...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196330/dental-students-study-habits-in-flipped-blended-classrooms-and-their-association-with-active-learning-practices
#19
Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot, Gloria J Redford, Brenda S Bohaty
In recognition of the importance for dental education programs to take a student-centered approach in which students are encouraged to take responsibility for their learning, a pediatric dentistry course redesign aimed at promoting greater active and self-directed learning was implemented at one U.S. dental school. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the students' self-reported study habits and active learning practices necessary for meaningful learning in the flipped/blended classroom...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190002/dentoalveolar-abscesses-not-associated-with-caries-or-trauma-a-diagnostic-hallmark-of-hypophosphatemic-rickets-initially-misdiagnosed-as-hypochondroplasia
#20
Silvia Elena Yacarini Paredes, Raquel Assed Bezerra Segato, Leila Daher Moreira, Alcides Moreira, Kranya Victoria Díaz Serrano, Clarissa Teles Rodrigues, Luciana Yamamoto Almeida, Jorge Esquiche León
Hypophosphatemic rickets is a rare genetic disorder involving the regulation of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), a phosphaturic agent, clinically showing bowing of the legs, short stature and dentoalveolar abscesses. A 7-year-old boy, with previous hypochondroplasia diagnosis, was referred to our pediatric dentistry clinic presenting short stature, bone deformities and sinus tracts at deciduous teeth apex levels not related with trauma, restorations or dental caries. After deciduous teeth extraction, due to root resorption and mobility, light microscopy exhibited typical hypophosphatemic dentin, and micro-computed tomography revealed tubular clefts and porosities throughout the teeth...
November 30, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
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