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Pediatric dentistry

Elena Nazarova, Melanie Martin-Peele, Judith Fifield
The aims of this study were to assess features of an academic career that dental specialty residents, as a group and by gender, find most attractive and to identify what determines their expectations for responsibilities and professional growth in academic employment. In November 2013, an invitation to participate in the study along with a link to an online survey was sent to the 407 U.S. program directors of six of the dental specialties (endodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, prosthodontics, and orthodontics), asking them to forward the survey to their residents...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Júnia Maria Serra-Negra, Mariana Batista Ribeiro, Ivana Meyer Prado, Saul Martins Paiva, Isabela Almeida Pordeus
AIMS: To evaluate the relationship between possible sleep bruxism and sleep characteristics in children. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted through data collection of a pre-tested questionnaire answered by 111 parents on behalf of their children in the waiting room during their appointment at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of a public Brazilian university. The diagnosis of possible sleep bruxism was based on the international classification of sleep disorders (ICSD) criteria...
October 3, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Dubravka Negovetić Vranić, Josipa Jurković, Jesenka Jeličić, Antonija Balenović, Gordana Stipančić, Ivana Čuković-Bagić
Medical emergencies that are life threatening can occur in dental practice. Complications may arise because of an underlying disease or a reaction to medication. Reactions to medications may be allergic and toxic. The most common reactions are toxic reactions to local anesthetics, whereas allergies occur mainly as a consequence of the application of antibiotics, usually penicillin. In response to stress, vasovagal syncope typically occurs. Other causes may be related to an underlying disease-specific pathology (such as acute asthma attack, diabetic ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, or seizures) or accidents (aspiration of a foreign body causing obstruction of the respiratory system)...
March 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Berna Gokkaya, Betul Kargul
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and pattern of congenital missing teeth in the permanent dentition (excluding wisdom teeth), among Turkish children in a 4-year period (2009-2012). METHODS: The study group comprised 1658 children (873 girls, 785 boys). The children were examined in Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental School of Marmara University. A chi square test was used to determine the difference in the prevalence of hypodontia between genders...
March 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Yee Chen Wong, Mandakini Mohan, Allan Pau
CONTEXT: To investigate the antibiotic prescribing training received by dental students, clinical experience in treating child patients, awareness of antibiotic prescribing guidelines, preparedness in antibiotic prescribing, and compliance with antibiotic prescribing guidelines for the management of dental infections in children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving final year dentals students from Malaysian and Asian dental schools. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of five clinical case scenarios was e-mailed to all final year students at selected dental schools...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Dilek G Canpolat, Fatma Dogruel, Zeynep B Gönen, Canay Yılmaz, Gokmen Zararsız, Alper Alkan
OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of hemogram parameters such as platelet count (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV), and the MPV/PLT ratio in predicting the risk of postoperative vomiting (POV) in children after tooth extraction under deep sedation. METHODS: A total of 100 American Society of Anesthesiology Classification I and II pediatric patients who underwent tooth extraction procedures under a standard anesthetic method were included in the study between 2012 and 2014...
October 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Karthik Venkataraghavan, Jolly Shah, Manpreet Kaur, Krishna Trivedi, Shalin Shah, Mira Virda
INTRODUCTION: The contemporary parents are more active and participate in the decision making during dental treatment. AIM: To assess the parents' acceptance towards behavior management techniques commonly used in the pediatric dentistry in different dental situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one parents participated in the study. Children's dental fear was assessed by the parents before attending power point presentation using Dental Subscale of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule (CFSS-DS)...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Priyanka Sachdeva, Mousumi Goswami, Darrel Singh
BACKGROUND: The latest advancement in adhesive dentistry is the development of self adhering flowable composite resin which incorporates the self-etch adhesion technology to eliminate the steps of etching, rinsing, priming and bonding. Few studies have addressed resin bonding to primary teeth. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the shear bond strength and nanoleakage of conventional and self adhering flowable composites to primary teeth dentin. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This study was conducted in the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, I...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Dustin M Davis, Shahrbanoo Fadavi, Linda M Kaste, Rodney Vergotine, Robert Rada
PURPOSE: To assess acceptance and use of protective stabilization devices (PSD) by Pediatric Dentistry Diplomates. METHODS: Surveys were electronically mailed in 2013 to 2922 members of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry's (ABPD) College of Diplomates. Bivariate (assessing provider personal and practice characteristics) and multivariate analyses were performed on reported acceptance and use of PSD. RESULTS: Response rate was 28 percent...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Rachel Kaye, Todd Goldstein, David Zeltsman, Daniel A Grande, Lee P Smith
Three dimensional (3D) printing is a novel technique that has evolved over the past 35 years and has the potential to revolutionize the field of medicine with its inherent advantages of customizability and the ability to create complex shapes with precision. It has been used extensively within the fields of orthopedics, dentistry, and craniofacial reconstruction with wide ranging utility including, medical modeling, surgical planning and the production of custom plates, screws and surgical guides. Furthermore, it has been used for similar means in the field of Otorhinolaryngology and also has potential to revolutionize the treatment of airway malacia...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Marie-Cécile Valéra, Isabelle Aragon, Paul Monsarrat, Fréderic Vaysse, Emmanuelle Noirrit-Esclassan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitude of parents towards the oral health of their children before oral rehabilitation under general anesthesia (GA). STUDY DESIGN: Children receiving dental treatment under GA between November 2013 and July 2014 in the Pediatric Dentistry Department (University Hospital Center, Toulouse, France) were enrolled in an oral health preventive program. An anonymous questionnaire was self-administered by the parents during the pre-operative session...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Eman A El Ashiry, Najat M Farsi, Sawsan T Abuzeid, Mohamed M El Ashiry, Hammam A Bahammam
OBJECTIVES: The treatment of immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis presents challenges in endodontic and pediatric dentistry. Revascularization is a recent treatment for such cases as an alternative to conventional apexification. The purpose is to examine the effect of a pulpal revascularization procedure on immature necrotic teeth with apical periodontitis. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty patients were enrolled for pulp revascularization procedure by root canal disinfection using a triple antibiotic mixture for 1-2 weeks, followed by creating a blood clot, sealing the root canal orifice using white mineral trioxide aggregate and a coronal seal of composite resin...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
H Barry Waldman, Rick Rader, Stephen Sulkes, Steven P Perlman
The transition of teenagers with special needs to young adulthood is a complex period for the children and their families. This transition is especially difficult when it comes to securing needed oral health care. The teenager is forced to transfer from the services of an age defined pediatric dental specialist with training to provide care for individuals with special needs, to 1) general practitioners with limited formal training and often unwillingness to provide care and 2) at a period when most states provide limited or lack of adult dental Medicaid programs...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Binyamin Binyaminy, Eric J Haas
In Israel, only physicians, dentists, and psychologists who complete an accredited licensing process may practice hypnosis. This study examines the characteristics of hypnotherapists compared to nonhypnotherapists in the same discipline. All hypnotherapists in Israel were compared to nonhypnotherapist health professionals. There are more subspecialists among hypnotists, and the most common specialties were psychiatry, pediatric dentistry, and clinical psychology. These findings imply self-sorting of hypnotists as a result of the regulation in Israel...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Maha A AlSarheed
OBJECTIVES: To identify the intranasal (IN) sedatives used to achieve conscious sedation during dental procedures amongst children. METHODS: A literature review was conducted by identifying relevant studies through searches on Medline. Search included IN of midazolam, ketamine, sufentanil, dexmedetomidine, clonidine, haloperidol, and loranzepam. Studies included were conducted amongst individuals below 18 years, published in English, and were not restricted by year...
September 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Momo Ide, Juri Saruta, Masahiro To, Yuko Yamamoto, Masahiro Sugimoto, Shinya Fuchida, Mina Yokoyama, Shigenari Kimoto, Keiichi Tsukinoki
OBJECTIVE: The antimicrobial substances in saliva contribute to the maintenance of both oral health and overall health of the body. Therefore, the associations among immunoglobulin A (IgA), lactoferrin and lysozyme flow rates in the saliva of children, and their relationships with the physical attributes and lifestyle factors of children, were examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Saliva was collected from 90 children who visited the Kanagawa Dental University Hospital Pediatric Dentistry, and questionnaires were completed by guardians...
October 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Elise W Sarvas, Scott A Schwantes, Jeffrey M Karp
Pediatric dentists are the primary providers of dental homes for children with life-threatening and complex chronic conditions. These children are increasingly living at home and seeking health care in community-based settings, including dental offices. Pediatric dentists may feel ill prepared to assume the roles and responsibilities of a pediatric palliative care provider due to limited education and training during dental school and residency; however, they should be sensitive to the palliative care needs of children and families...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Charles J Coté, Stephen Wilson
The safe sedation of children for procedures requires a systematic approach that includes the following: no administration of sedating medication without the safety net of medical/dental supervision, careful presedation evaluation for underlying medical or surgical conditions that would place the child at increased risk from sedating medications, appropriate fasting for elective procedures and a balance between the depth of sedation and risk for those who are unable to fast because of the urgent nature of the procedure, a focused airway examination for large (kissing) tonsils or anatomic airway abnormalities that might increase the potential for airway obstruction, a clear understanding of the medication's pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects and drug interactions, appropriate training and skills in airway management to allow rescue of the patient, age- and size-appropriate equipment for airway management and venous access, appropriate medications and reversal agents, sufficient numbers of staff to both carry out the procedure and monitor the patient, appropriate physiologic monitoring during and after the procedure, a properly equipped and staffed recovery area, recovery to the presedation level of consciousness before discharge from medical/dental supervision, and appropriate discharge instructions...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Nahid Ramazani, Seyed Masoud Iranmanesh
OBJECTIVES: Instruction of local anesthesia injection in an important part of dental education curricula. This study was performed to compare dental students' preference with regard to tactile or visual determination of injection site for an inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This crossover randomized clinical trial was conducted on dental students of Zahedan Dental School who took the first practical course of pediatric dentistry in the first academic semester of 2013-14 (n=42)...
January 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Sean W McLaren, Dorota T Kopycka-Kedzierawski, Jed Nordfelt
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of predicting dental treatment modalities for children seen initially by means of a live-video teledentistry consultation. METHODS: A retrospective dental record review was completed of 251 rural pediatric patients from the Finger Lakes region of New York State who had an initial teledentistry appointment with a board-certified pediatric dentist located remotely at the Eastman Institute for Oral Health in Rochester, NY...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
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