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Pediatric dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664508/oral-self-mutilation-in-lesch-nyhan-syndrome-case-report
#1
Andrés Campolo González, Alex Vargas Díaz, Daniel Fontboté Riesco, Marta Hernández Chávez
INTRODUCTION: Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (LNS) is an inherited recessive X-related disorder caused by the deficiency of the enzyme hypoxanthin-guanine phosphorribosyl transferase (HPRT). Compul sive self-mutilation and dystonia occurs before the first year of age and is expressed by persistent bites on the oral mucosa, lips, tongue, fingers, and shoulders. The dental intervention performed on most of these patients is multiple tooth extraction to prevent serious secondary lesions. OBJECTIVE: To present a clinical case of LNS and describe pediatric dentistry management in patients with self-mutilating behavior...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663970/pediatric-dentists-treatment-planning-decisions-for-class-ii-carious-lesions-in-primary-molars
#2
Martha Holland, Caroline Carrico, Tiffany Williams
PURPOSE: To assess pediatric dentists' choice for restoring Class II carious lesions in primary molars. METHODS: A survey with eight cases of class II carious lesions was emailed to American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry members, who were asked to choose either a stainless steel crown (SSC) or composite resin as a final restoration, or no treatment. Treatment decisions were compared to evidence-based treatment recommendations. Repeated measures logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with treatment decisions...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663913/trends-in-general-anesthesia-utilization-by-board-certified-pediatric-dentists
#3
Lan Pham, Thomas Tanbonliong, Marie Beverly Dizon, Annie Huang, Matthew Cooke
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the trends and utilization of general anesthesia services among board-certified pediatric dentists practicing in the United States. METHODS: A 26 item survey was sent to 4,216 board-certified pediatric dentists by REDCap or mail. Results were tabulated, and trends were analyzed. RESULTS: A response rate of 31.8 percent was obtained. All American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry districts were represented proportionally...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663911/what-makes-a-great-resident-a-perspective-of-pediatric-dentistry-program-directors-and-residents
#4
Mojdeh Faraz, Farhad Yeroshalmi, Keith S Margulis, Victor Badner
PURPOSE: To obtain information regarding attitudes and perspectives of pediatric dentistry residency program directors (PD) and pediatric dentistry residents (PDR) about what makes a great resident. METHODS: Surveys for PDs (36 questions), and PDRs (31 questions) were created and emailed via SurveyMonkey® to the 88 PDs and 906 residents of United States programs in 2015. Desirable characteristics identified during selection and attendance in the residency program were compared...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663909/diagnosing-developmental-defects-of-enamel-pilot-study-of-online-training-and-accuracy
#5
Darya Dabiri, George J Eckert, Yihong Li, Kim Seow, Robert J Schroth, John Warren, J Timothy Wright, Shi Zhao, Margherita Fontana
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess dentists' ability to correctly identify and classify development defects of enamel (DDE). METHODS: The modified DDE (MDDE) index was used to classify enamel defects into two types: (1) enamel hypoplasia-pitted, grooved, or missing enamel; or (2) enamel opacity-translucency of enamel not caused by dental caries or fluorosis (can be either demarcated or diffuse). A panel of six experts selected and scored 36 images using the MDDE, and the consensus score was used as the gold standard score in the evaluation of survey respondents...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663907/are-u-s-dentists-adequately-trained-to-care-for-children
#6
Paul S Casamassimo, N Sue Seale, John S Rutkauskas Ii, John S Rutkauskas
For decades, dental educators have noted changes in predoctoral dental education in pediatric dentistry, beginning with shifts in patients' characteristics and their availability for dental schools. During the same period, national data exposed a lingering dental caries epidemic in U.S. children yet reported more treatment of young poor children. The professional literature suggests a reluctance of the general dental community to care for children, particularly the very young who would most benefit from a dental home...
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663904/-pediatric-dentistry-s-impact-factor-and-article-citations
#7
Norman Tinanoff, N Sue Seale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643529/-retrospective-study-of-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia-of-62-disabled-children-and-adolescents
#8
N Wang, Y M Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively figure out the oral health status, treatment and follow-ups after dental treatment under general anesthesia (DGA) of disabled children or adolescents. METHODS: Clinical data of disabled children or adolescents and normal children as control received DGA in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from August 2008 to September 2015 were recorded, including: gender, birth date, treatment date, disability type, oral health status before treatment, treatment content and follow-ups (in 1 year)...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628777/a-study-on-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-combining-dental-surgery-with-tonsillectomy-in-pediatrics
#9
Faizaan Syed, Joshua C Uffman, Dmitry Tumin, Catherine M Flaitz, Joseph D Tobias, Vidya T Raman
Purpose: Few data exist on combining pediatric surgical procedures under a single general anesthetic encounter (general anesthesia). We compared perioperative outcomes of combining dental surgical procedures with tonsillectomy during one anesthetic vs separate encounters. Methods: We classified elective tonsillectomy ± adenoidectomy and restorative dentistry as combined (group C) or separate (group S). Outcomes included anesthesia time, recovery duration, the need for overnight hospital stay, and postoperative complications...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607853/evaluation-of-oral-health-status-and-influential-factors-in-children-with-autism
#10
S Onol, Z Kırzıoğlu
Aims: The aim of the present study was to comparatively analyze oral health status and influential factors in children with autism living in the Western Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Subjects and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two steps: 1 - questionnaire and 2 - interview. This study was conducted at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey, within the period from March to July 2016...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607844/rms-tactile-scale-an-innovative-tactile-anxiety-scale-for-visually-impaired-children
#11
Raghavendra M Shetty, Trisha R Gadekar
Introduction: Behavior guidance is considered to be the backbone of pediatric dentistry which differentiates us from the other fields in dental sciences. Anxiety and fear being the primary concern in pediatric patients, has to be taken into consideration for the visually impaired children too. In the present study, an innovative anxiety scale RMS tactile scale (RMS-TS) was designed for the visually impaired children. Introducing newer concept other than Braille in the dental clinic for such patients can help in coping up and bringing out positive behavior in the special children...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606654/self-directed-digital-learning-when-do-dental-students-study
#12
Tate H Jackson, James Zhong, Ceib Phillips, Lorne D Koroluk
The Growth and Development (G&D) curriculum at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Dentistry uses self-directed web-based learning modules in the place of lectures and includes scheduled self-study times during the 8 am-5 pm school hours. The aim of this study was to use direct observation to evaluate dental students' access patterns with the self-directed, web-based learning modules in relation to planned self-study time allocated across the curriculum, proximity to course examinations, and course performance...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603705/comparison-of-visual-analog-scale-scores-in-pain-assessment-during-pulpotomy-using-different-injection-materials-in-children-aged-6-to-8-and-8-to-10-years
#13
Donya Alinejhad, Zahra Bahrololoomi, Alireza Navabazam, M Ali Asayesh
AIM: Proper anesthesia and pain management during treatment are most important concerns in dentistry for people of all ages, especially children. This study compared the success rate of lidocaine block with articaine buccal infiltration during anesthesia of the primary mandibular second molars in children aged 6 to 8 and 8 to 10 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present clinical trial was conducted on 40 children aged 6 to 8 and 8 to 10 years who were referred to the Department of Pediatrics of the Faculty of Dentistry at Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences in Yazd (Islamic Republic of Iran) and needed to be treated with pulpotomy on both primary mandibular second molars...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603252/integrative-and-collaborative-care-models-between-pediatric-oral-health-and-primary-care-providers-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#14
Tylor L Gauger, Lisa A Prosser, Margherita Fontana, Peter J Polverini
OBJECTIVES: Collaborative and/or integrative care between oral health and primary care providers can increase access to care to a more expansive population, helping to mitigate oral health related disease. The objective of this review was to present and evaluate different types of care models that exist between oral health and primary care providers in pediatric settings. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using five databases: MEDLINE/PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source, Cochrane Database, and EMBASE, to identify literature from January 1990 to January 2016...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540669/common-dental-diseases-in-children-and-malocclusion
#15
Jing Zou, Mingmei Meng, Clarice S Law, Yale Rao, Xuedong Zhou
Malocclusion is a worldwide dental problem that influences the affected individuals to varying degrees. Many factors contribute to the anomaly in dentition, including hereditary and environmental aspects. Dental caries, pulpal and periapical lesions, dental trauma, abnormality of development, and oral habits are most common dental diseases in children that strongly relate to malocclusion. Management of oral health in the early childhood stage is carried out in clinic work of pediatric dentistry to minimize the unwanted effect of these diseases on dentition...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537665/pulpotomy-management-using-laser-diode-in-pediatric-patient-with-severe-hemophilia-a-under-general-anesthesia-a-case-report
#16
Vo Truong Nhu Ngoc, Trinh Do Van Nga, Dinh-Toi Chu, Le Quynh Anh
Hemophilia-a bleeding disorder due to the lack of clotting factors-is mostly induced by genetic factors. Its most common type is hemophilia A. Hemorrhage in hemophilia A may occur in several different sites of the body, including those inside the oral cavity, such as mucous membrane and gum. However, only a few studies and case reports on dental issues of hemophilia A patients have been conducted. In clinical dentistry, treatment procedures are invasive, possibly leading to more severe bleeding, especially in hemophilia A cases...
March 14, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519970/accuracy-of-the-demirjian-willems-and-cameriere-methods-of-estimating-dental-age-on-turkish-children
#17
B K Apaydin, F Yasar
Background and Aim: Age estimation plays a significant role in forensic science, archeology, pediatric endocrinology and clinical dentistry. Tooth development is a reliable pathway for age estimation, especially in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the Demirjian method (DM), Willems method (WM) and Cameriere method (CM). Materials and Methods: This study included panaramic radiographs of 330 individuals (165 girls, 165 boys) aged between 5 and 15...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516249/comparison-of-the-accuracy-of-the-london-atlas-and-smith-method-in-dental-age-estimation-in-5-15-99-year-old-iranians-using-the-panoramic-view
#18
Roshanak Ghafari, Arash Ghodousi, Esmaeil Poordavar
Tooth development is widely used for age estimation and staging physical maturity. It is of great importance in dental age estimation in forensic dentistry, orthodontic treatment planning, and pediatric endocrinology. This study aimed to compare the accuracy of two age estimation methods, i.e., the London Atlas and Smith's method, using the panoramic view of developing teeth. In this descriptive-analytic study, panoramic radiographs of 339 healthy individuals, including 145 boys and 194 girls, were assessed...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509521/practice-patterns-of-dentist-anesthesiologists-in-north-america
#19
Andrew S Young, Michael W Fischer, Nicholas S Lang, Matthew R Cooke
This study provides trends in the discipline of dental anesthesiology. A questionnaire-based survey was sent to 338 members of the American Society of Dentist Anesthesiologists to evaluate practice patterns. One focus of the study was modality of sedation/anesthesia used for dentistry in North America. Age, gender, years in practice, and geographic region of practice were also obtained. Data gathered from the returned questionnaires were entered into an Excel spreadsheet and then imported into JMP Statistical Discovery Software (v12...
2018: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483742/-two-year-outcomes-of-pulpotomy-in-primary-molars-using-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-a-retrospective-study
#20
G L Dou, N Wu, S Y Zhao, B Xia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the two-year outcomes of primary molars pulpotomy using mineral trioxided aggregate (MTA) and to find out the potential influence factor, with the help of electronic medical record database. METHODS: Children who received primary molars pulpotomy in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from May, 2014 to November, 2015 were searched in the Electronic Medical Record Database of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, via the database for scientific research provided by the corporation of Kaientai...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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