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Pediatric dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044438/high-total-volatile-organic-compounds-pollution-in-a-hospital-dental-department
#1
Ming-Hui Liu, Tao-Hsin Tung, Fen-Fang Chung, Li-Chuan Chuang, Gwo-Hwa Wan
Bioaerosols produced by dental procedures may affect indoor air quality and cause infections in dental healthcare workers. To provide air quality data that can be used to protect dental healthcare workers, this study evaluated the air quality and its influencing factors in the dental department of the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taiwan. The study was a cross-sectional study design. Indoor air quality (IAQ) evaluations were conducted in six locations: pediatric dentistry, craniofacial orthodontic dentistry, periodontal dentistry, and general practice dentistry, instrument washing room, and patient waiting area...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043975/-preventive-and-therapeutic-advantages-of-sugar-free-chewing-gums-in-orthodontics-a-study-conducted-on-practitioners-and-patients
#2
Pauline Ferney, François Clauss, Damien Offner, Delphine Wagner
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the level of knowledge in a cohort of oral health professionals and patients about preventive and therapeutic actions of sugar-free chewing gums. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A forward-looking monocentric study of perception regarding the level of information about the effects of sugar-free chewing gums consumption was conducted on 135 young patients, from 11 to 17 years old, carriers of fixed orthodontic appliances and treated in the Department of Orthodontics in the Oral Medicine and Surgery Center of the University Hospitals of Strasbourg...
September 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042716/effectiveness-of-behavioral-vaccine-on-the-oral-health-of-children-in-komarapalayam-south-india-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#3
N Umamaheswari, Sharath Asokan, S Thangakumaran
BACKGROUND: Oral health education and promotion have emerged as a strong force against the traditional, dominant, and curative model of health practice. In pediatric dentistry, the utilization of an entertaining, easy to understand, and practical educational material is warranted. Behavioral vaccine is a simple, scientifically proven practice that is repeated to increase well-being. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of conventional (instructional) dental hygiene program and "Good Behavior Game" (GBG) (contingency dental hygiene program - a behavioral vaccine) on the practice of oral hygiene among 5-7-year-old schoolchildren...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039639/orthodontic-services-provided-by-pediatric-dentists-in-california
#4
Brandon Gire, Thomas Tanbonliong, Richard Udin
A survey was conducted in 2013 to document trends in orthodontic treatment provided by members of the California Society of Pediatric Dentistry (CSPD). A 21-item survey was mailed to all active members of CSPD. Active members of CSPD spent less time and treated fewer orthodontic conditions in their practice.
March 13, 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965204/dental-manifestations-of-pediatric-bone-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Juan F Yepes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Several bone disorders affecting the skeleton often are manifest in the maxillofacial region. This review presents the most common bone disorders in children and their dental-oral manifestations: fibrous dysplasia, Paget's disease, osteogenesis imperfecta, renal osteodystrophy, hypophosphatasia, and osteoporosis. The specific intraoral characteristics will reviewed in detail. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies confirmed the close relationship between the mandible and the maxilla with the most prevalent systemic bone disorders in children...
September 30, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947693/-oral-healthcare-for-the-persons-with-special-needs
#6
Ichijiro Morisaki
The field of special care dentistry is rapidly gaining recognition as a service that should be provided to the persons with physical, mental or intellectual disabilities by general practitioner, pediatric or geriatric dentists as well as dental hygienists. Because the oral healthcare and dental treatments are given in the narrow space of oral cavity and also accompanying technical difficulties with high risk of injury, the special needs patients are treated under being controlled their behavior or body motion by applying psychological, physical or pharmacological techniques...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944292/early-head-start-pediatric-dental-use-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#7
J M Burgette, J S Preisser, M Weinberger, R S King, R G Rozier
The objective of the study was to examine the mediating effect of child dental use on the effectiveness of North Carolina Early Head Start (EHS) in improving oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). In total, 479 parents of children enrolled in EHS and 699 parents of Medicaid-matched children were interviewed at baseline when children were approximately 10 mo old and 24 mo later. In this quasi-experimental study, mediation analysis was performed using the counterfactual framework analysis, which employed 2 logit models with random effects: 1) for the mediator as a function of the treatment and covariates and 2) for the outcome as a function of the treatment, mediator, and covariates...
October 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937891/barriers-and-drawbacks-of-the-assessment-of-dental-fear-dental-anxiety-and-dental-phobia-in-children-a-critical-literature-review
#8
N A Aminabadi, Marzieh Shokravi, Zahra Jamali, Sajjad Shirazi
OBJECTIVE: Dental anxiety, fear and phobia have different etiology, response patterns, time courses, and intensities that justify a clear distinction between these constructs. Differentiation of dental anxiety, fear or phobia in practice is a critical prerequisite for developing and implementing effective treatment for children. The aim of this study was to investigate whether current researches in the pediatric dentistry appropriately discriminate the central construct of dental anxiety, fear and phobia...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937890/the-use-of-restorative-materials-in-primary-molars-among-pediatric-dentists-in-israel
#9
Sigalit Blumer, Benjamin Peretz, Tal Ratson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the current choice of various restoration materials among Israeli pediatric dentists according to seniority and specialty. STUDY DESIGN: Participating dentists completed a 23-item questionnaire on their qualifications, type of practice and preference of restorative material. RESULTS: Seventy-five dentists (average age 46.27±12.6 years, 58 females) participated. Forty-one were specialist pediatric dentists and 34 were general practitioners...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937888/development-of-a-web-based-nationwide-korean-pediatric-dental-sedation-registry
#10
Sung Chul Choi, Yeonmi Yang, Seunghoon Yoo, Jiyeon Kim, Taesung Jeong, Teo Jeon Shin
OBJECTIVE: Finding a balance between sedation efficacy and safety remains an ongoing challenge. In children, the risk of sedation-related complications is relatively high. It is of utmost importance to determine the factors related to improved overall sedation outcomes. However, most previous reports have been based on small samples at single institutions. The Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (KAPD) developed a Korean Pediatric Dental Sedation Registry using a web-based platform...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937887/characteristics-and-associated-comorbidities-of-pediatric-dental-patients-treated-under-general-anesthesia
#11
Alexandra Delfiner, Aaron Myers, Christie Lumsden, Steve Chussid, Richard Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics and identify common comorbidities of children receiving dental treatment under general anesthesia at Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian. STUDY DESIGN: Electronic medical records of all children that received dental treatment under general anesthesia through the Division of Pediatric Dentistry from 2012-2014 were reviewed. Data describing patient characteristics (age, sex, race/ethnicity, insurance carrier, and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification system), medical history, and justification for treatment were collected...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936290/evaluation-of-the-orthodontic-treatment-need-in-a-paediatric-sample-from-southern-italy-and-its-importance-among-paediatricians-for-improving-oral-health-in-pediatric-dentistry
#12
Valeria Luzzi, Gaetano Ierardo, Denise Corridore, Gabriele Di Carlo, Gianni Di Giorgio, Emanuele Leonardi, Guglielmo-Giuseppe Campus, Iole Vozza, Antonella Polimeni, Maurizio Bossù
BACKGROUND: Data from epidemiological studies investigating the prevalence and severity of malocclusions in children are of great relevance to public health programs aimed at orthodontic prevention. Previous epidemiological studies focused mainly on the adolescence age group and reported a prevalence of malocclusion with a high variability, going from 32% to 93%. Aim of our study was to assess the need for orthodontic treatment in a paediatric sample from Southern Italy in order to improve awareness among paediatricians about oral health preventive strategies in pediatric dentistry...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932150/comparison-of-quality-of-obturation-and-instrumentation-time-using-hand-files-and-two-rotary-file-systems-in-primary-molars-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Lavanya Govindaraju, Ganesh Jeevanandan, E M G Subramanian
OBJECTIVE: In permanent dentition, different rotary systems are used for canal cleaning and shaping. Rotary instrumentation in pediatric dentistry is an emerging concept. A very few studies have compared the efficiency of rotary instrumentation for canal preparation in primary teeth. Hence, this study was performed to compare the obturation quality and instrumentation time of two rotary files systems - Protaper, Mtwo with hand files in primary molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five primary mandibular molars were randomly allotted to one of the three groups...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914856/-the-russian-consensus-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chronic-pancreatitis-enzyme-replacement-therapy
#14
I E Khatkov, I V Maev, D S Bordin, Yu A Kucheryavyi, S R Abdulkhakov, S A Alekseenko, E I Alieva, R B Alikhanov, I G Bakulin, A Yu Baranovsky, E V Beloborodova, E A Belousova, I M Buriev, E V Bystrovskaya, S V Vertyankin, L V Vinokurova, E I Galperin, A V Gorelov, V B Grinevich, M V Danilov, V V Darvin, E A Dubtsova, T G Dyuzheva, V I Egorov, M G Efanov, N V Zakharova, V E Zagainov, V T Ivashkin, R E Izrailov, N V Korochanskaya, E A Kornienko, V L Korobka, N Yu Kokhanenko, M A Livzan, I D Loranskaya, K A Nikolskaya, M F Osipenko, A V Okhlobystin, V D Pasechnikov, E Yu Plotnikova, S I Polyakova, O A Sablin, V I Simanenkov, N I Ursova, V V Tsvirkun, V V Tsukanov, A V Shabunin
Pancreatology Club Professional Medical Community, 1A.S. Loginov Moscow Clinical Research and Practical Center, Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow; 2A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow; 3Kazan State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Kazan; 4Kazan (Volga) Federal University, Kazan; 5Far Eastern State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Khabarovsk; 6Morozov City Children's Clinical Hospital, Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow; 7I...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914239/road-blocks-perceived-by-the-dentists-toward-the-treatment-of-early-childhood-caries-in-chennai-city-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Habibkhan Faizunisa, Preetha Elizabeth Chaly, Mohammed Junaid, Selvaperumal Vaishnavi, J E Nijesh, Mohammed Musthafa
BACKGROUND: The problem of early childhood caries remains a worldwide public concern, as most of the caries remains untreated. Despite advances in dental care, most children fail to benefit from oral health-care services not only due to differences in attitudes in parents but also in oral health-care providers. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to determine the road blocks perceived by the dentist in Chennai, toward the treatment of early childhood caries...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890621/soft-tissue-applications-of-er-cr-ysgg-laser-in-pediatric-dentistry
#16
Gyanendra Kumar, Ferah Rehman, Vivek Chaturvedy
Soft tissue laser, such as diode and Nd:YAG lasers were initially used in soft tissue lesions because of its increased success rate. It was because of the fact that these lasers were well-absorbed by chromophores, such as hemoglobin and melanin which are found abundant in the oral mucosa. The introduction of erbium family in 1990 comprising the Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers made the hard tissue laser a boon for dentistry. Erbium, chromium-doped yttrium, scandium, gallium and garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) was introduced in 1997 for the surgical needs of clinical dentistry in general practice...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890614/comparison-of-clinical-and-radiographic-success-rates-of-pulpotomy-in-primary-molars-using-ferric-sulfate-and-bioactive-tricalcium-silicate-cement-an-in-vivo-study
#17
Kavita Sirohi, Mohita Marwaha, Anil Gupta, Kalpana Bansal, Ankit Srivastava
INTRODUCTION: Formocresol has been a popular pulpotomy medicament for many years. It is considered the "gold standard" in pediatric dentistry. However, concerns have been raised over its use in children. It has been reported that formocresol has toxic and mutagenic effects in cell culture, dental crypts, and precancerous epithelial cells. Therefore, additional biocompatible treatment alternatives are required to replace formocresol pulpotomy. AIMS: This study compared the clinical and radiographic success rates of ferric sulfate (FS) and bioactive tricalcium silicate cement (Biodentine, Septodont) as pulpotomy agents in primary molar teeth over a period of 9 months...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890608/coronal-sealing-capacity-of-temporary-restorative-materials-in-pediatric-dentistry-a-comparative-study
#18
Shabnam Milani, Bahman Seraj, Alireza Heidari, Atousa Mirdamadi, Mahdi Shahrabi
AIMS: The aim of this in vitro study is to compare the coronal microleakage of three common temporary restorative materials, namely Coltosol, Compoglass, and Zonalin, used in pediatric dentistry after endodontic treatment at different time intervals (1 week, 1, and 2 months) using dye penetration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Access cavities were prepared in 72 intact extracted premolar teeth. The samples were divided into three groups (n = 24) and filled with Coltosol, Compoglass, or Zonalin...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879313/developmental-procedures-for-the-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-conscious-sedation-in-dentistry-for-the-korean-academy-of-dental-sciences
#19
So-Youn An, Kwang-Suk Seo, Seungoh Kim, Jongbin Kim, Deok-Won Lee, Kyung-Gyun Hwang, Hyun Jeong Kim
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are defined as "statements that are scientifically reviewed about evidence and systematically developed to assist in the doctors' and patients' decision making in certain clinical situations." This recommendation aims to promote good clinical practice for the provision of safe and effective practices of conscious sedation in dentistry. METHODS: The development of this clinical practice guideline was conducted by performing a systematic search of the literature for evidence-based CPGs...
December 2016: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872988/effect-of-sedation-with-midazolam-and-time-to-discharge-among-pediatric-dental-patients
#20
Sigalit Blumer, Benjamin Peretz, Gali Zisman, Tal Ratson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the recovery time of children who underwent conscious sedation with oral or rectal midazolam. STUDY DESIGN: The medical files in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry of all the children who underwent conscious sedation with midazolam between 3/2013-4/2016 were examined. The total duration of sedation and time to discharge were calculated. Descriptions of the children's behavior before and during sedation were compared...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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