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Pediatric dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207581/the-impact-of-an-interprofessional-oral-health-curriculum-on-trainees
#1
Oren Berkowitz, Madeline F Brisotti, Leslie Gascon, Michelle Henshaw, Laura B Kaufman
PURPOSE: Despite the prevalence of oral disease, the subject of oral health historically has been absent from medical education. We have developed an interprofessional curriculum in collaboration with our school of dentistry to teach oral health in the primary care setting to physician assistant (PA) students. The goal was to create and assess the impact of a curricular model that would be adaptable to various academic settings. METHODS: A blend of classroom, clinical skills lab, observations in the dental clinic, and observed structured clinical examinations was used to teach oral health to first-year (didactic year) PA students...
March 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206899/relating-molar-incisor-hypomineralization-and-caries-experience-using-the-decayed-missing-or-filled-index
#2
Gabriela C A Americano, Roberta C Jorge, Luiz Flávio Moliterno, Vera M Soviero
PURPOSE: This case-control study aimed to investigate the association between molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) and caries experience in seven- to 11-year-old children. METHODS: Children seen in a pediatric dental clinic in 2011 to 2012 and born in 2002, 2003, or 2004 were considered eligible. Children with decayed, missing, or filled teeth in the permanent dentition (DMF-T) were allocated to the case group, and those with no DMF-T were allocated to the control group...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206896/survey-of-current-clinical-and-curriculum-practices-of-postgraduate-pediatric-dentistry-programs-in-nonintravenous-conscious-sedation-in-the-united-states
#3
Aline Morin, Romer Ocanto, Lesbia Drukteinis, Patrick C Hardigan
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: (1) describe the sedation protocols of postgraduate pediatric dentistry programs (PPDPs) in the U.S.; (2) evaluate how consistent they were with current American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry sedation guidelines and Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA) sedation curriculum requirements; (3) identify barriers to and tools for implementing these guidelines; and (4) determine the independent association between PPDPs' adherence to guidelines and the program setting...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206895/evaluation-of-current-screening-and-treatment-patterns-for-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-among-practicing-pediatric-dentists-in-the-united-states-a-pilot-study
#4
John Keating, Jae Hyun Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide an evaluation of educational experience, screening, referral, and treatment patterns by pediatric dentists in the United States with regards to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). METHODS: A twenty-six question, multiple choice, electronic survey was developed using SurveyMonkey software. It was distributed to the 6,017 active American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) members, garnering a response rate of 7...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206894/survey-of-american-academy-of-pediatric-dentistry-on-nitrous-oxide-and-sedation-20-years-later
#5
Stephen Wilson, Elizabeth S Gosnell
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to survey the membership of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) and determine the current status of nitrous oxide (N2O) utilization in their dental practices while also comparing the findings to a similar survey completed 20 years ago. METHODS: A 55-item questionnaire on the use of N2O was sent to the AAPD membership. RESULTS: The total number of respondents was 1,632 (26 percent). Sixty-two percent are board-certified, 97 percent use N2O in their office, 18 percent indicated greater than 80 percent of their patient pool required N2O versus six percent in 1996...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206889/closing-the-gap-to-medicine-calls-for-ranking-pediatric-dentistry-residency-programs-in-the-u-s
#6
Ulrich Klein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206888/evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-for-the-use-of-pit-and-fissure-sealants
#7
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: This article presents evidence-based clinical recommendations for the use of pit-and-fissure sealants on the occlusal surfaces of primary and permanent molars in children and adolescents. A guideline panel convened by the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry conducted a systematic review and formulated recommendations to address clinical questions in relation to the efficacy, retention, and potential side effects of sealants to prevent dental caries; their efficacy compared with fluoride varnishes; and a head-to-head comparison of the different types of sealant material used to prevent caries on pits-and-fissures of occlusal surfaces...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206886/guideline-for-monitoring-and-management-of-pediatric-patients-before-during-and-after-sedation-for-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-procedures-update-2016
#8
(no author information available yet)
The safe sedation of children for procedures requires a systematic approach that includes the following: no administration of sedating medication without the safety net of medical/dental supervision, careful presedation evaluation for underlying medical or surgical conditions that would place the child at increased risk from sedating medications, appropriate fasting for elective procedures and a balance between the depth of sedation and risk for those who are unable to fast because of the urgent nature of the procedure, a focused airway examination for large (kissing) tonsils or anatomic airway abnormalities that might increase thepotential for airway obstruction, a clear understanding of the medication's pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects and drug interactions, appropriate training and skills in airway management to allow rescue of the patient, age- and size-appropriate equipment for airway management and venous access, appropriate medications and reversal agents, sufficient numbers of staff to both carry out the procedure and monitor the patient, appropriate physiologic monitoring during and after the procedure, a properly equipped and staffed recovery area, recovery to the presedation level of consciousness before discharge from medical/dental supervision, and appropriate discharge instructions...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203028/-unerupted-first-deciduous-molar-located-higher-to-the-first-premolar-a-case-report
#9
Y Zhan, H Liu
Tooth eruption is defined as the movement of a tooth from its site of development within the alveolar process to its functional position in the oral cavity. The process of tooth eruption can be divided into different phases: pre-eruptive bone stage, alveolar bone stage, mucosal stage, preocclusal stage, occlusal stage and maturation stage. Any disturbance in these phases can lead to eruptive anomalies. The incidence of unerupted teeth is usually higher among permanent teeth than among deciduous ones. Of the primary teeth reported as unerupted, second deciduous molars are the teeth most frequently involved, followed by primary central incisors...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169260/evaluation-of-indirect-pulp-capping-using-three-different-materials-a-randomized-control-trial-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#10
Vijay Prakash Mathur, Jatinder Kaur Dhillon, Ajay Logani, Gauri Kalra
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the most suitable material for indirect pulp treatment (IPT) clinically and to determine the thickness (in mm) and type of tissue in terms of radiodensity (in Hounsfield units [HU]) formed after pulp capping using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A longitudinal interventional single-blind randomized clinical trial was conducted on 94 children (7-12 years) with a deep carious lesion in one or more primary second molar and permanent first molar without the history of spontaneous pain indicated for indirect pulp capping (IPC) procedure...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164130/effects-of-different-pediatric-drugs-on-the-color-stability-of-various-restorative-materials-applicable-in-pediatric-dentistry
#11
Tamer Tüzüner, Sedanur Turgut, Ozgul Baygin, Nagehan Yilmaz, Elif Bahar Tuna, Bugra Ozen
Background. The chronic recommendation of pediatric drugs could exhibit erosive and cariogenic problems. Objective. To evaluate the effects of different pediatric drugs on the color stability of various restorative materials. Methods. Five specimens (1 mm × 3 mm) were prepared and immersed in ten different pediatric drugs and agitated every 8 hours daily for 2 min up to 1 week. Between immersion periods, the samples were stored in artificial saliva. After 1-week period, ΔE(⁎) values were calculated...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163849/evaluation-of-the-antibacterial-effects-of-aqueous-and-ethanolic-leaf-extracts-of-aloysia-citriodora-lemon-verbena-on-streptococcus-mutans-and-streptococcus-sobrinus
#12
Faranak Shafiee, Ali Akbar Moghadamnia, Zahra Shahandeh, Farhnaz Sadighian, Effat Khodadadi
INTRODUCTION: The Aloysia citriodora plant from the family of Verbenaceae has many uses in traditional medicine. The aim of the current study was to determine the effects of the aqueous and ethanolic extracts of A. citriodora on Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus, which cause tooth decay. METHODS: This 2016 study was performed on standardized strains of S. mutans PTCC1683 and S. sobrinus PTCC1601 and clinical isolates. Twenty clinical samples were obtained from the dental caries of children admitted to the pediatric ward at the Faculty of Dentistry of Babol University of Medical Sciences (Babol, Iran)...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139475/pediatric-dentistese
#13
REVIEW
Sharath Asokan, Sivakumar Nuvvula
Successful practice of pediatric dentistry depends on the establishment of a good relationship between the dentist and the child. Such a relationship is possible only through effective communication. Pediatric dentistry includes both an art and a science component. The focus has been mostly on the technical aspects of our science, and the soft skills we need to develop are often forgotten or neglected. This paper throws light on the communication skills we need to imbibe to be a successful pediatric dentist...
January 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127171/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-dental-surgeons-in-managing-child-patients
#14
Aisha Wali, Talha Mufeed Siddiqui, Rabia Khan, Kanza Batool
: The aim of the study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of dental surgeons in the city of Karachi providing treatment to pediatric patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of dental surgeons in the city of Karachi providing treatment to pediatric patients. A cluster-sampling technique was used and 200 dental surgeons from six different dental institutions were selected. A self-constructed questionnaire was distributed to the dental surgeons that comprised 20 closed-ended questions...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127165/age-assessment-in-children-a-novel-cameriere-s-stratagem
#15
Prabhakar Ramasetty Attiguppe, Chandrashekar Yavagal, Rekhamani Maganti, P Mythri
AIM: Age is one of the essential factors in establishing the identity of a person, especially in children. Age estimation plays an important part in treatment planning, forensic dentistry, legal issues, and paleodemographic research. The present study was an attempt to estimate the chronological age in children of Davangere population by using Cameriere's India specific formula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study to estimate the chronological age in children of Davangere population...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105067/current-state-and-future-prospects-for-psychosomatic-medicine-in-japan
#16
REVIEW
Masato Murakami, Yoshihide Nakai
In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71.6% of medical doctors including psychosomatic internal medicine (PIM) specialists, general internists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, obstetricians and gynecologists, dentists, dermatologists, and others...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100415/a-10-year-trend-of-dental-treatments-under-general-anesthesia-of-children-in-taipei-veterans-general-hospital
#17
Yung-Pan Chen, Chun-Yi Hsieh, Wen-Ting Hsu, Fu-Ya Wu, Wen-Yu Shih
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia (GA) as a pediatric dental procedure is a well-established method of behavior management. However, studies of pediatric dentistry under GA have mostly focused on handicapped patients, and various retrospective studies in Taiwan have mainly reviewed only a limited number of years. The purpose of the present study was to report trends in pediatric dental treatment performed under GA over the past 10 years. METHODS: A retrospective review of the hospital records of patients receiving dental treatment under GA from 2006 until 2015 was performed...
January 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072988/-retrospective-analysis-of-pulp-revascularization-in-immature-permanent-teeth-with-diffuse-pulpitis
#18
C F Peng, Y M Zhao, Y Yang, H Liu, M Qin
Objective: To evaluate the treatment effectiveness of revascularization in immature permanent teeth with diffuse pulpitis and to provide an alternative approach for the treatment of these teeth. Methods: Clinical and radiographic data were collected from 17 immature permanent teeth which were diagnosed as diffuse pulpitis and with their pulp extirpated at Emergency Department of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. All these teeth were treated using pulp revascularization at Department of Pediatric Dentistry...
January 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052210/joubert-plus-syndrome-with-self-mutilation-a-case-report
#19
Yousr N Mowafy, Nadia A Wahba, Aly A Sharaf
BACKGROUND: Joubert syndrome is a very rare condition with dismal prognosis. It is characterized by several abnormalities including molar tooth sign on MRI. When coupled with mega cisterna magna- a feature of the Dandy Walker syndrome- it is categorized as Joubert plus syndrome. CASE REPORT: A 16 month old male child with Joubert syndrome was referred to the Pediatric Dentistry Department Clinic, Faculty of Dentistry Alexandria University, complaining of severe tongue and lower lip injury due to self-mutilation...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032046/parents-satisfaction-with-pediatric-dental-care-provided-by-dental-college-riyadh
#20
Manal A AlMutairi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the level of parents' satisfaction with pediatric dental care provided by dental students at the College of Dentistry and explore the factors associated with various parents' demographics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among parents (n = 150) whose children received dental care in dental colleges in King Saud University (KSU) in Riyadh. The parents were asked to fill a self-administered dental satisfaction questionnaire between Februry and April 2016...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
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