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Chanchan Liu, Narayanan Srividya, Amber N Parrish, Wei Yue, Mingqiu Shan, Qinan Wu, B Markus Lange
Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briquet, commonly known as Japanese catnip, is used for the treatment of colds, headaches, fevers, and skin rashes in traditional Asian medicine (China, Japan and Korea). The volatile oil and its constituents have various demonstrated biological activities, but there is currently limited information regarding the site of biosynthesis. Light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy indicated the presence of three distinct glandular trichome types which, based on their morphological features, are referred to as peltate, capitate and digitiform glandular trichomes...
March 10, 2018: Phytochemistry
Ying Zhou, Nanyu Tang, Lijin Huang, Yongjuan Zhao, Xiaoqing Tang, Kangcai Wang
Salinity is a major abiotic factor affecting plant growth and secondary metabolism. However, no information is available about its effects on Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq., a traditional Chinese herb. Here, we investigated the changes of plant growth, antioxidant capacity, glandular trichome density, and volatile exudates of S. tenuifolia exposed to salt stress (0, 25, 50, 75, 100 mM NaCl). Results showed that its dry biomass was reduced by salt treatments except 25 mM NaCl. Contents of antioxidants, including phenolics and flavonoids, increased at low (25 mM) or moderate (50 mM) levels, but declined at severe (75 and 100 mM) levels...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jia-Xin Fan, Yong-Rui Bao, Xian-Sheng Meng, Shuai Wang, Tian-Jiao Li
In order to further clarify the rational use of different medicinal parts of Schizonepeta, microfluidic technology was used in this study to investigate the differences in drug efficacy against lung cancer in vitro. The ethanol extracts were examined with HPLC to establish their fingerprints in order to analyze the relationship between the spectrum and efficacy index through Grey Correlation software, and a rapid HPLC-Q-TOF/MS method was established. The result in vitro shows that the effect and components of different medicinal parts had a certain differences, and apoptosis and necrosis rate from big to small in turn is leaf, flower, root, stem...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Tao-Qun Wen, Wen-Tao Sang, Feng Xu, Feng Wang, Nan Zeng
In order to study the protective effects of Schizonepeta volatile oil (Sto)on endotoxin poisoning mice, and the relatively content of each chemical osubstance in Schizonepeta volatile oil was measured using GC-MS. The mare C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into five groups including the normal group, model group, dexamethasone group (5 mg•kg⁻¹), and Sto (0.226 and 0.452 g•kg⁻¹, respectively) groups. The dexamethasone group was given the drugs once time by intraperitoneal injection on the 5th day, while the other mice were given drugs by oral administration once a day for 5 days...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Meiling Zhang, Yan Zhao, Jinjun Cheng, Xiaoman Liu, Yongzhi Wang, Xin Yan, Yue Zhang, Fang Lu, Qingguo Wang, Huihua Qu
Schizonepetae Herba Carbonisata (SHC) has been used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat haemorrhagic diseases for more than 1000 years. However, little information is available on its haemostatic components and mechanism. In this study, we developed novel water-soluble carbon dots (CDs) in aqueous extracts of SHC for the first time and a modified pyrolysis method was used to prepare the SHC using Schizonepetae Herba (SH) as the sole precursor. The SHC-CDs were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution TEM (HRTEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) and fluorescence spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
September 19, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Sin-Guang Chen, Mei-Ling Cheng, Kuan-Hsing Chen, Jim-Tong Horng, Ching-Chuan Liu, Shih-Min Wang, Hiroaki Sakurai, Yann-Lii Leu, Shulhn-Der Wang, Hung-Yao Ho
No effective drug is currently available for treatment of enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection. Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq. (ST) has been used as a herbal constituent of traditional Chinese medicine. We studied whether the aqueous extract of Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq (STE) has antiviral activity. STE inhibited replication of EV71, as evident by its ability to diminish plaque formation and cytopathic effect induced by EV71, and to inhibit the synthesis of viral RNA and protein. Moreover, daily single-dose STE treatment significantly improved the survival of EV71-infected mice, and ameliorated the symptoms...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
Ming-Qiu Shan, Yan Qian, Sheng Yu, Shu-Chen Guo, Li Zhang, An-Wei Ding, Qi-Nan Wu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briq. (ST) herbs have been used as a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for treating colds for thousands of years. The volatile oil is considered as the main material basis responsible for the efficacy of ST and has attracted lots of attention on its anti-inflammatory effect recently. AIM OF STUDY: This paper investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of the distilled volatile oils from Schizonepeta tenuifolia (STVO) that were collected at different harvesting times on carrageenin-induced pleurisy in rats...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Ju-Young Kim, Jong Min Baek, Sung-Jun Ahn, Yoon-Hee Cheon, Sun-Hyang Park, Miyoung Yang, Min Kyu Choi, Jaemin Oh
BACKGROUND: Excessive osteoclast activity is a major cause of metabolic bone disorders, such as osteopenia, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoporosis. Thus, discovery of agents targeting osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption is important for development of novel treatments for bone diseases. It has been demonstrated that ethanolic extract of schizonepeta tenuifolia (EEST) has potent anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the beneficial effects of EEST on bone metabolism have not been studied...
August 22, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
X W Song, G Y Li, D Q Wang, B X Han
Herba Schizonepetae was firstly recorded in the Sheng nong ben caojing (Shennong's Materia Medica) with the title Jiasu. It could be sure that the original plant of Jiasu is Ocimumbasilicum L. ofLabiatae based on the record of Jiasu's name, morphology, edible property before the Song Dynasty. Beginning from the Ben cao tu jing (Illustrated Classic of Materia Medica) in the Song Dynasty, the source of this drug evolved as SchizonepetatenuisfoliaBriq. ofLabiatae, and it has been in use until now. Hence, the sources of Jiasu should be both O...
May 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
Li-Zi Zhao, Yue Jin, Xiao-Min Han, Qing-Long Chu, Jun-Shan Yang
Two new sesquiterpenes named petafolias A-B were isolated from the aerial parts of Schizonepeta tenuifolia. Their structures were elucidated by various spectroscopic techniques (UV, IR, MS, CD, 1D, and 2D NMR).
February 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Yachun Shu, Yajun Chen, Kunming Qin, Xiao Liu, Baochang Cai
BACKGROUND: Yinqiaosan (Lonicerae and Forsythiae Powder), as a famous prescription of Dr. Wu Jutong in Qing dynasty of China, has the effects of diaphoresis cooling, fire-purging, and detoxicaton. It is mainly used in the treatment of influenza, hand-foot-mouth disease, esophagitis, pneumonia, acute tonsillitis, mumps, and other viral infections. It is one of the widely used traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions with proven curative effects in clinical use. OBJECTIVE: To research the material basis of Yinqiaosan decoction when decocting mint, herba schizonepetae in different length of later-decoction time, to find the influence on volatile components of Yinqiaosan decoction decocted later in different length of time, to lay the foundation to further clarify the after-decoction mechanism of Yinqiaosan, and the specification of Yinqiaosan decoction process...
April 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Ying-Ju Lin, Tsung-Jung Ho, Ting-Hsu Lin, Wei-Yi Hsu, Shao-Mei Huang, Chiu-Chu Liao, Chih-Ho Lai, Xiang Liu, Hsinyi Tsang, Chien-Chen Lai, Fuu-Jen Tsai
BACKGROUND: Wilson's disease (WD) is a genetic disorder involving the metabolism of copper. WD patients exhibit a wide range of disease phenotypes, including Kayser-Fleischer rings in the cornea, predominant progressive hepatic disease, neurological diseases, and/or psychiatric illnesses, among others. Patients with exon12 mutations of the ATP7B gene have progressive hepatic disease. An ATP7B gene that lacks exon12 retains 80% of its copper transport activities, suggesting that alternative splicing of ATP7B gene may provide alternative therapeutic ways for patients with inherited sequence variants and mutations of this gene...
June 2015: BioMedicine
Yukari Sunohara, Yohei Baba, Shigeru Matsuyama, Kaori Fujimura, Hiroshi Matsumoto
Screening and identification of phytotoxic volatile compounds were performed using 71 medicinal plant species to find new natural compounds, and the characterization of the promising compound was investigated to understand the mode of action. The volatile compounds from Asarum sieboldii Miq. showed the strongest inhibitory effect on the hypocotyl growth of lettuce seedlings (Lactuca sativa Great Lakes 366), followed by those from Schizonepeta tenuifolia Briquet and Zanthoxylum piperitum (L.) DC.. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) identified four volatile compounds, α-pinene (2,6,6-trimethylbicyclo[3...
July 2015: Protoplasma
Li-Xia Yu, Ming-Qiu Shan, An-Wei Ding
In this experiment, the HPLC specific chromatogram was adopted, with Agilent Extend-C18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) as the chromatographic column, and 0.5 per thousand trifluoroacetic acid and acetonitrile as the mobile phase for gradient elution, so as to establish specific chromatograms for drug pair of Schizonepetae Herba and Saposhnikoviae Radix from different producing area, identify 12 common characteristic peaks, and obtain the comparison specific chromatography of drug pair of Schizonepetae Herba and Saposhnikoviae Radix...
February 2014: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Ming-Qiu Shan, Sheng Yu, Li-Xia Yu, An-Wei Ding
UNLABELLED: To study the main storage organ of each mineral element in Schizonepeta tenuifolia, and explain its reasonable harvesting time and medicinal parts in view of mineral elements. The mineral elements of Schizonepeta tenuifolia in different organs at different harvesting times were determined by ICP-AES technique. The mineral elements, K, Ca, Na, P, Mg, Mn, Zn, Cu, Fe, Mo, were determined in the study. The results showed that at different harvesting times, (1) the contents of K, P, Cu in fringe and the contents of Mg, Ca, Na, Fe, Mn, Zn in leaf were highest among different organs...
February 2014: Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi, Guang Pu
Myung-Woo Byun
Inflammatory diseases remain the leading cause of mortality worldwide in both men and women. Schizonepeta tenuifolia (ST) exerts a wide range of physiological activities and has been found to possess beneficial efficacies against inflammation-related diseases; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying this anti-inflammatory activity remain to be elucidated. We investigated the molecular basis for the downregulation of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signal transduction by ST ethanol extract in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophages...
March 2014: Journal of Medicinal Food
Yoichiro Isohama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2014: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
Wen-Ling Fan, Li-Wei Guo, Ying Lin, Yun Zhu, Min Xu, Lei Yang, Rong-Rong Zhu, Yan-Fei Li
Membrane enrichment process of Chinese medicine volatile oil is green, practical and has a good application prospects. Schizonepetae Herba et al. six chinese medicine oily water were filtrated with polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membrane with MWCO 70 000, at 40 degrees C, 0.1 MPa and 150 r x min(-1), common laws of physicochemical property of six oily water and fingerprint similarity between original and preserved oil were studied during membrane enrichment. Results were as follows: pH was gradually reduced to the minimum; conductivity firstly became larger, then smaller until 0; viscosity gradually increased to a maximum; surface tension gradually decreased to a minimum; turbidity firstly gradually increased, then reduced to a minimum; density gradually decreased to a minimum, but the change trend was opposite for Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma with heavy oil; salinity was 0...
October 2013: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Wen-Ling Fan, Li-Wei Guo, Ying Lin, Jie Shen, Gui-Ping Cao, Yun Zhu, Min Xu, Lei Yang
The membrane enrichment process of traditional Chinese medicine volatile oil is environmental friendly and practical, with a good application prospect. In this article, oil-bearing solutions of eight traditional Chinese medicines, namely Caryophylli Flos, Schizonepetae Herba, Eupatorii Herb, Acori Talarinowii Rhizoma, Magnoliae Flos, Chrysanthemum indicum, Cyperi Rhizoma and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium Viride, were taken as the experimental system. Under unified conditions (membrane: PVDF-14W, temperature: 40 degreeC, pressure: 0...
October 2013: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Do Young Kwon, Sun Ju Kim, Ju Won Lee, Young Chul Kim
The ability of 80% ethanol extracts from five medicinal plants, Aralia continentalis, Paeonia suffruticosa, Magnolia denudata, Anemarrhena asphodeloides, and Schizonepeta tenuifolia, to neutralize hydroxyl radical, peroxyl radical and peroxynitrite was examined using the total oxyradical scavenging capacity (TOSC) assay. Peroxyl radical was generated from thermal homolysis of 2,2'-azobis (2-methylpropionamidine) dihydrochloride (ABAP) ; hydroxyl radical by an iron-ascorbate Fenton reaction; peroxynitrite by spontaneous decomposition of 3-morpholinosydnonimine N-ethylcarbamide (SIN-1) ...
December 2010: Toxicological Research
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