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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908964/effects-of-the-etonogestrel-contraceptive-implant-implanon%C3%A2-on-bone-metabolism-during-lactation-a-prospective-study
#1
Candan Iltemir Duvan, Yuksel Onaran, Esra Aktepe Keskin, Ebru Yüce, Burcu Yanık, Hasan Kafali, Nilgun Ozturk Turhan
AIM: To evaluate the effects of the etonogestrel contraceptive implant (Implanon(®)) on bone metabolism in lactating women using markers for bone formation and resorption. STUDY DESIGN: This single-centre, prospective cohort study was conducted in Turgut Ozal University Medical Faculty Obstetrics and Gynecology Department with healthy lactating women aged between 24 and 38 years to compare the effect on bone metabolism of 6 months' use of either the implant or a non-hormonal contraceptive method...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900721/effect-of-initial-ph-and-ph-adjusted-acid-on-nutrient-recovery-from-hydrolysis-urine-by-combining-acidification-with-evaporation-crystallization
#2
Shanqing Jiang, Xiaochang Wang, Shengjiong Yang, Honglei Shi
Nutrient recovery from human urine is a promising pretreatment of domestic wastewater and provides a sustainable recyclability of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). In this study, we present a method to recover all nutrients from hydrolysis urine (HU) in the form of solid products by combining acidification with evaporation-crystallization. The effect of initial pH (pHinit.) on N retention was investigated, and the optimal pHinit. was further determined by analysis of N retention efficiency. Additionally, crystallization process and product composition based on different pH-adjusted acids were also compared...
November 30, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865566/phosphorus-additives-and-albuminuria-in-early-stages-of-ckd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Alex R Chang, Edgar R Miller, Cheryl A Anderson, Stephen P Juraschek, Melissa Moser, Karen White, Bobbie Henry, Caitlin Krekel, Susan Oh, Jeanne Charleston, Lawrence J Appel
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of phosphorus additives on patients with kidney disease. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, crossover trial. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 31 adults with early stages of presumed chronic kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥ 45mL/min/1.73m(2); urine albumin-creatinine ratio sex-specific cutoff points: men ≥ 17mg/g, women ≥ 25mg/g). INTERVENTION: Higher versus lower phosphorus intake for 3 weeks...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864113/chenopodium-album-linn-leaves-prevent-ethylene-glycol-induced-urolithiasis-in-rats
#4
Indu Sikarwar, Yadu Nandan Dey, Manish M Wanjari, Ajay Sharma, Sudesh N Gaidhani, Ankush D Jadhav
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The leaves of Chenopodium album Linn. are traditionally used for correction of kidney diseases and urinary stones. The present work investigated the effect of methanolic and aqueous extracts of leaves of Chenopodium album on experimentally induced urolithiasis in rats to substantiate its traditional use as antilithiatic agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The leaf extract was standardized by HPLC. Urolithiasis was induced in rats by administration 0...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825989/antilithiatic-effect-of-peucedanum-grande-c-b-clarke-in-chemically-induced-urolithiasis-in-rats
#5
B N Kumar, Abdul Wadud, Nasreen Jahan, Ghulamuddin Sofi, Humaira Bano, Shaikh Ajij Ahmed Makbul, Sadique Husain
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Duqu (Peucedanum grande C. B. Clarke) has been used by Unani physicians since ancient times in retention of urine, renal and bladder calculi, nephritis and other associated disorders in different dosage forms. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to evaluate the antiurolithiatic activity of Peucedanum grande C. B. Clarke in experimental model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experiment was carried out in male Sprague Dawley rats divided into 5 groups of 8 animals each...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810171/examining-the-proportion-of-dietary-phosphorus-from-plants-animals-and-food-additives-excreted-in-urine
#6
REVIEW
David E St-Jules, Ram Jagannathan, Lisa Gutekunst, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Mary Ann Sevick
Phosphorus bioavailability is an emerging topic of interest in the field of renal nutrition that has important research and clinical implications. Estimates of phosphorus bioavailability, based on digestibility, indicate that bioavailability of phosphorus increases from plants to animals to food additives. In this commentary, we examined the proportion of dietary phosphorus from plants, animals, and food additives excreted in urine from four controlled-feeding studies conducted in healthy adults and patients with chronic kidney disease...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785747/is-chronic-alkali-therapy-in-orthotopic-ileal-neobladders-necessary-a-prospective-controlled-study
#7
Osama Mahmoud, Ahmed El-Assmy, Mohamed Kamal, Albeer Ashamallah, Hassan Abol-Enein
PURPOSE: To evaluate the necessity of chronic alkali therapy in non-complicated orthotopic ileal neobladders with normal renal function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study that included 200 male patients who underwent radical cystectomy and ileal W neobladder for invasive bladder carcinoma between January 1993 and December 2013. The studied patients included 100 consecutive patients who were maintained on regular alkali therapy since surgery and 100 consecutive patients who stopped the use of alkali treatment after initial 3 months postoperative with minimum postoperative observation time of 1 year...
October 26, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772644/intensive-hemodialysis-and-potential-risks-with-increasing%C3%A2-treatment
#8
Michael A Kraus, Sheru Kansal, Michael Copland, Paul Komenda, Eric D Weinhandl, George L Bakris, Christopher T Chan, Richard J Fluck, John M Burkart
Although intensive hemodialysis (HD) can address important clinical problems, increasing treatment also introduces risks. In this review, we assess risks pertaining to 6 domains: vascular access complications, infection, mortality, loss of residual kidney function, solute balance, and patient and care partner burden. In the Frequent Hemodialysis Network (FHN) trials, short daily and nocturnal schedules increased the incidence of access complications, although the incidence of access loss was not statistically higher...
November 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721815/overcoming-phosphorus-deficiency-in-west-african-pearl-millet-and-sorghum-production-systems-promising-options-for-crop-improvement
#9
Dorcus C Gemenet, Willmar L Leiser, Francesca Beggi, Ludger H Herrmann, Vincent Vadez, Henry F W Rattunde, Eva Weltzien, Charles T Hash, Andreas Buerkert, Bettina I G Haussmann
West Africa (WA) is among the most food insecure regions. Rapid human population growth and stagnating crop yields greatly contribute to this fact. Poor soil fertility, especially low plant available phosphorus (P) is constraining food production in the region. P-fertilizer use in WA is among the lowest in the world due to inaccessibility and high prices, often unaffordable to resource-poor subsistence farmers. This article provides an overview of soil P-deficiency in WA and opportunities to overcome it by exploiting sorghum and pearl millet genetic diversity...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695803/digestibility-of-energy-amino-acids-and-phosphorus-in-a-novel-source-of-soy-protein-concentrate-and-in-soybean-meal-fed-to-growing-pigs
#10
M S Oliveira, H H Stein
Three experiments were conducted to determine standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of CP and AA, DE and ME, and apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) and standardized total tract digestibility (STTD) of P in a new source of soy protein concentrate (SPC) and in soybean meal (SBM). In Exp. 1, 9 barrows (initial BW: 13.08 ± 1.98 kg) were prepared with a T-cannula in the distal ileum and allotted to a triplicated 3 × 3 Latin square design with 3 diets and 3 periods. A nitrogen-free diet and 2 diets that contained corn starch and SPC or SBM as the sole source of CP and AA were formulated...
August 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695786/requirement-for-digestible-calcium-by-eleven-to-twenty-five-kilogram-pigs-as-determined-by-growth-performance-bone-ash-concentration-calcium-and-phosphorus-balances-and-expression-of-genes-involved-in-transport-of-calcium-in-intestinal-and-kidney-cells
#11
J C González-Vega, Y Liu, J C McCann, C L Walk, J J Loor, H H Stein
Two experiments were conducted to determine the requirement for standardized total tract digestible (STTD) Ca by 11- to 25-kg pigs based on growth performance, bone ash, or Ca and P retention and to determine the effect of dietary Ca on expression of genes related to Ca transport in the jejunum and kidneys. Six diets were formulated to contain 0.36% STTD P and 0.32, 0.40, 0.48, 0.56, 0.64, or 0.72% STTD Ca by including increasing quantities of calcium carbonate in the diets at the expense of cornstarch. Two additional diets contained 0...
August 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668158/plasma-endocan-level-and-prognosis-of-immunoglobulin-a-nephropathy
#12
Yu Ho Lee, Jin Sug Kim, Se-Yun Kim, Yang Gyun Kim, Ju-Young Moon, Kyung-Hwan Jeong, Tae Won Lee, Chun-Gyoo Ihm, Sang-Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: Endocan, previously called endothelial cell-specific molecule-1, is a soluble proteoglycan that is secreted from vascular endothelial cells. Elevated plasma endocan levels were shown to be associated with poor cardiovascular outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We investigated the clinical relevance of plasma and urine endocan levels in patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). METHODS: Sixty-four patients with IgAN and 20 healthy controls were enrolled in this study...
September 2016: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624144/effects-of-a-switch-from-tenofovir-to-abacavir-based-antiretroviral-therapy-with-or-without-atazanavir-on-renal-function
#13
Silvia A Guillemi, Sean H Ling, Julia S Dahlby, Benita Yip, Wendy Zhang, Mark W Hull, Viviane Dias Lima, Robert S Hogg, Ronald Werb, Julio S Montaner, Marianne Harris
INTRODUCTION: Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-associated renal dysfunction may abate when TDF is replaced with abacavir (ABC). The extent to which the third drug atazanavir contributes to renal dysfunction is unclear. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on adults who had plasma viral load (pVL)<200 copies/mL for≥six months while receiving TDF/lamivudine (3TC) - or TDF/emtricitabine (FTC)-based antiretroviral therapy (ART), then switched to ABC/3TC while retaining the third drug in the ART regimen...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617249/is-focused-parathyroidectomy-appropriate-for-patients-with-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#14
Won Woong Kim, Yumie Rhee, Eun Jeong Ban, Cho Rok Lee, Sang-Wook Kang, Jong Ju Jeong, Kee-Hyun Nam, Woong Youn Chung, Cheong Soo Park
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether focused or complete parathyroidectomy was more appropriate and to compare follow-up data in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 225 operations for PHPT at Yonsei University Health System between 2000 and 2012. After excluding 93 patients, the remaining 132 were divided into 2 groups: those who underwent focused parathyroidectomy (FP) and those who underwent conventional parathyroidectomy (CP)...
September 2016: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588046/polycan-a-%C3%AE-glucan-from-aureobasidium-pullulans-sm-2001-mitigates-ovariectomy-induced-osteoporosis-in-rats
#15
Mi Young Jung, Joo Wan Kim, Ki Young Kim, Seong Hun Choi, Sae Kwang Ku
The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of Polycan, a β-glucan from Aureobasidium pullulans SM-2001, in a rat model of ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis. Ovariectomized (OVX) rats were orally administered 31.25, 62.5 or 125 mg/kg/day Polycan for 126 days, and alterations in body weight, bone mineral content, bone mineral density, failure load, histological profiles and histomorphometric indices were analyzed. In particular, serum levels of osteocalcin, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (bALP), calcium and phosphorus, and the urine deoxypyridinoline/creatinine ratio, were measured...
September 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566951/fate-of-17%C3%AE-estradiol-as-a-model-estrogen-in-source-separated-urine-during-integrated-chemical-p-recovery-and-treatment-using-partial-nitritation-anammox-process
#16
Pei Huang, Sachiyo T Mukherji, Sha Wu, James Muller, Ramesh Goel
Recently, research on source separation followed by the treatment of urine and/or resource recovery from human urine has shown promise as an emerging management strategy. Despite contributing only 1% of the total volume of wastewater, human urine contributes about 80% of the nitrogen, 70% of the potassium, and up to 50% of the total phosphorus in wastewater. It is also a known fact that many of the micropollutants, especially selected estrogens, get into municipal wastewater through urine excretion. In this research, we investigated the fate of 17β-estradiol (E2) as a model estrogen during struvite precipitation from synthetic urine followed by the treatment of urine using a partial nitritation-anammox (PN/A) system...
October 15, 2016: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541288/risk-factors-for-urolithiasis-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-prospective-case-control-study
#17
Emel Gönüllü, N Şule Yaşar Bilge, Döndü U Cansu, Müge Bekmez, Ahmet Musmul, Nevbahar Akçar, Timuçin Kaşifoğlu, Cengiz Korkmaz
It has been reported that renal stone formation increased in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). However, its reason remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate serially the possible risk factors for renal stone formation in AS patients. Two groups consisted of AS patients with renal stone (n = 30), AS patients without renal stone (n = 30), and 20 healthy controls (HC) were included to the study. Parathyroid hormone, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and immunoglobulin A levels and 24 h urine were evaluated at baseline, and three times monthly...
August 19, 2016: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493921/the-relationship-between-sodium-intake-and-some-bone-minerals-and-osteoporosis-risk-assessment-instrument-in-postmenopausal-women
#18
Mohammadreza Vafa, Sepideh Soltani, Farid Zayeri, Mahtab Niroomand, Azadeh Najarzadeh
BACKGROUND: The results of the studies on the effects of sodium on bone metabolism have been inconsistent. There is no definitive answer to the question of whether sodium restriction can be associated with a lower incidence of osteoporosis. What reinforces the necessity of designing this study is the lack of findings with the approach of examining the effects of sodium on bone in our country. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 185 retired female teachers aged 45 to 70...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417920/characterization-of-standard-urine-properties-in-non-complicated-orthotopic-ileal-neobladders-a-prospective-controlled-study
#19
Ahmed El-Assmy, Osama Mahmoud, Mohamed Kamal, Wafaa Soliman, Albeer Ashamallah, Niveen El-Wakeel, Hassan Abol-Enein
PURPOSE: To characterize the standard physical, chemical and microscopic characters of urine in patients with non complicated orthotopic ileal neobladders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study that included 100 male patients who underwent radical cystectomy and ileal neobladder between 1993 and 2013. All included patients were in a good health, having satisfactory function of the reservoirs with normal upper tract with a minimum 1 year postoperative follow up...
July 11, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408343/fanconi-syndrome-a-rare-initial-presentation-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#20
Kamal Kant Sahu, Arjun Datt Law, Nidhi Jain, Alka Khadwal, Vikas Suri, Pankaj Malhotra, Subhash Chander Varma
A-14-year old boy, presented with a short history of excessive thirst and increased urine output. Clinical examination showed pallor, generalized lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly. For evaluation of his polyuric state he underwent routine laboratory investigations, including renal function test, acid-base studies, urine analysis. Blood tests suggested hypokalemia, hypouricemia, hypocalcemia and hyperchloremia with normal liver and kidney function tests. The arterial blood gas analysis was suggestive of normal anion gap metabolic acidosis...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
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