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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228439/beneficial-effects-of-low-level-laser-irradiation-on-senile-osteoporosis-in-rats
#1
C-T Zhu, T Li, P Zhang, M Zou, Q Guo, X-W Qu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) on bone mineral density (BMD), bone structures, bone biomechanical properties and bone metabolism in senile osteoporosis, and to explore a relatively more secure and effective way to prevent and treat osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley (SD) male rats at different age stages (4 months old, 12 months old and 20 months old) were selected and randomly divided into six groups...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211053/impacts-of-small-scale-industrialized-swine-farming-on-local-soil-water-and-crop-qualities-in-a-hilly-red-soil-region-of-subtropical-china
#2
Di Zhang, Xingxiang Wang, Zhigao Zhou
Industrialized small-scale pig farming has been rapidly developed in developing regions such as China and Southeast Asia, but the environmental problems accompanying pig farming have not been fully recognized. This study investigated 168 small-scale pig farms and 29 example pig farms in Yujiang County of China to examine current and potential impacts of pig wastes on soil, water and crop qualities in the hilly red soil region, China. The results indicated that the small-scale pig farms produced considerable annual yields of wastes, with medians of 216, 333 and 773 ton yr-1 per pig farm for manure, urine and washing wastewater, respectively, which has had significant impact on surface water quality...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207152/increased-soluble-st2-and-il%C3%A2-4-serum-levels-are-associated-with-disease-severity-in-patients-with-membranous-nephropathy
#3
Zhihui Zhang, Xiaolei Liu, Haifeng Wang, Zhihui Qu, Rebecca Crew, Nan Zhang, Yanfang Jiang
The interleukin (IL)‑33/suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (ST2) axis regulates Th2 reactivity, and ST2 is the receptor for IL‑33. In this study, the roles of IL‑33 and soluble ST2 (sST2) in the pathogenesis of membranous nephropathy (MN), and their association with disease severity were evaluated. Serum levels of IL‑33 and sST2 in 93 patients, and 34 healthy controls (HCs) were measured by enzyme‑linked immunosorbent assays. Clinical characteristics were recorded and the estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs) were computed...
November 22, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186997/western-diets-are-not-responsible-for-chronic-acid-retention-a-critical-analysis-of-organic-acid-and-phosphate-contribution
#4
Roberto Mioni, Giuseppe Mioni
According to usual literature, the diet-dependent endogenous production of titratable acidity (TA) is contributed by sulphuric and phosphoric acids (NA) and by metabolizable acids (MAs), representing 'net-endogenous acid production' (NEAP). NEAP is mainly neutralised by diet-dependent [Formula: see text] salts of inorganic cations ([Formula: see text]), estimated in foods, faeces and urine from inorganic cation-anion difference (NB). It is claimed that urinary loss of organic acids' anions, '[Formula: see text]', induces metabolizable H+ ions' retention...
November 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156332/effective-flocculation-of-microcystis-aeruginosa-with-simultaneous-nutrient-precipitation-from-hydrolyzed-human-urine
#5
Yan-Shan Wang, Zhong-Hua Tong, Long-Fei Wang, Guo-Ping Sheng, Han-Qing Yu
Mechanical harvest of massive harmful algal blooms is an effective measure for bloom mitigation. Yet subsequent processing of the resulting water from algae water separation after the harvesting becomes a new problem since individual algal cells or small algal aggregates are still present in the water. Here, we proposed a novel approach for effectively flocculating the cyanobacteria Microcystis aeruginosa with a removal efficiency of 97% in 6 h using hydrolyzed urine. Nitrogen and phosphorus were simultaneously reclaimed through struvite formation...
November 11, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131397/a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-multicenter-prospective-randomized-study-of-beraprost-sodium-treatment-for-cats-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
M Takenaka, A Iio, R Sato, T Sakamoto, H Kurumatani
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common progressive and irreversible disease in cats. The efficacy and safety of beraprost sodium (BPS) in cats with CKD have not been evaluated. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of BPS in the treatment of cats with CKD, as compared to placebo. ANIMALS: Seventy-four client-owned cats with naturally occurring CKD. METHODS: Double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter, prospective, randomized trial...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095693/reference-intervals-for-stone-risk-factors-in-24-h-urine-among-healthy-adults-of-the-han-population-in-china
#7
Zanlin Mai, Xiaoxia Li, Zelin Cui, Wenqi Wu, Yongda Liu, Lili Ou, Yueping Liang, Zhijian Zhao, Yang Liu, Xing Mai, Wei Zhu, Tao Zhang, Chao Cai, Houmeng Yang, Guohua Zeng
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to establish reference intervals for 24-h urinary stone risk factors in the healthy Chinese Han population. METHODS: From May 2013 to July 2014, we collected and analyzed 24-h urine samples from healthy adult Han population during a cross-sectional study across China. The protocol for analysis of 24-h urine included volume, pH, oxalate, citrate, sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphorous, creatinine, urate, magnesium, the ion activity products of calcium oxalate (AP(CaOx) indexs) and calcium phosphate (AP(CaP) indexs)...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077147/melatonin-promotes-osteoblast-differentiation-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-aged-rats
#8
Z-M Chu, H-B Li, S-X Sun, Y-C Jiang, B Wang, Y-F Dong
OBJECTIVE: The current study was to explore the effect of melatonin on osteoporosis and relevant mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed micro-CT to detect bone microstructure and ELISA to detect the contents of osteocalcin (OCN) and bone alkaline phosphatase (BAP) in serum. Double fluorescence labeling of calcein and tetracycline and toluidine blue staining were used to determine morphological indexes of bone tissues. Alizarin red staining and Oil Red O staining were performed to recognize bone cells and adipocytes...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043208/phosphaturic-mesenchymal-tumor-pmt-exceptionally-rare-disease-yet-crucial-not-to-miss
#9
Amir Ghorbani-Aghbolaghi, Morgan Angus Darrow, Tao Wang
Phosphaturic mesenchymal tumors (PMTs) are very rare tumors which are frequently associated with Tumor Induced Osteomalacia (TIO), a paraneoplastic syndrome that manifests as renal phosphate wasting. The tumor cells produce a peptide hormone-like substance known as fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), a physiologic regulator of phosphate levels. FGF23 decreases proximal tubule reabsorption of phosphates and inhibits 1-α-hydroxylase, which reduces levels of 1-α, 25-dihydroxyvitamine D3. Thus, overexpression of FGF23 by the tumor cells leads to increased excretion of phosphate in the urine, mobilization of calcium and phosphate from bones, and the reduction of osteoblastic activity, ultimately resulting in widespread osteomalacia...
July 2017: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035440/impact-of-ph-on-urine-chemistry-assayed-on-roche-analyzers
#10
R Cohen, R Alkouri, I Tostivint, S Djiavoudine, F Mestari, S Dever, G Atlan, C Devilliers, F Imbert-Bismut, D Bonnefont-Rousselot, D Monneret
BACKGROUND: The pH may impact the concentration of certain urinary parameters, making urine pre-treatment questionable. METHODS: 1) Determining the impact of pH in vitro on the urinary concentration of chemistry parameters assayed on Roche Modular analyzers. 2) Evaluating whether concentrations depended on pH in non-pretreated urines from patients. RESULTS: 1) The optimal urinary pH values for each measurement were: 6.3 ± 0.8 (amylase), < 5...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035195/effects-of-fasting-during-the-month-of-ramadan-on-renal-function-in-patients-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease%C3%A2
#11
Iskender Ekinci, Reha Erkoc, Meltem Gursu, Elif Ece Dogan, Elif Kilic, Egemen Cebeci, Savas Ozturk, Rumeyza Kazancioglu
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to examine the impact of fasting during the month of Ramadan on autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (-ADPKD) patients with normal to near-normal glomerular filtration rate (GFR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of patients with ADPKD, the majority of whom had normal or near-normal GFR. Patients were divided into two groups: the fasting group (FG) and the nonfasting group (NFG). Assessments in the NFG were performed 1 week before and 1 month after Ramadan, while FG patients were assessed on the last day of fasting in addition to the abovementioned visits...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017699/urinary-calcium-excretion-and-bone-turnover-in-osteoporotic-patients%C3%A2
#12
Amr El-Husseini, Amit Chakraborty, Qingcong Yuan, Saqib Inayatullah, Heather Bush, B Peter Sawaya
INTRODUCTION: It is well documented that patients with osteoporosis (OP) have high incidence of hypercalciuria (HC). However, the mechanism of HC in patients with OP is not well established. It is thought to be the result of high bone turnover (HBT) with excessive bone resorption. OP also frequently presents with low bone turnover (LBT). At this time, it is not clear whether OP with LBT is also associated with hypercalciuria. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate urinary calcium excretion in osteoporotic patients with HBT and LBT...
November 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971740/physicochemical-and-microbiological-characterization-of-human-feces-and-urine-from-composting-toilets-in-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#13
K R Effebi, G T Ballet, M A Seka, D T Baya, B L N'takpe
We assessed the physicochemical and microbiological properties of composting toilets products in Abidjan, (Côte d'Ivoire) for their potential use in agriculture. Samples of urine and feces were collected and analysed after 123 days of storage in plastic cans (urine) and 8 months of storage in closed composting bags (feces). Selected physicochemical parameters (ammonium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, cadmium, copper, lead and zinc) and pathogens (bacteria and helminths eggs) were monitored. Results showed that temperature and pH values were 26...
October 3, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948826/hormonal-and-bone-parameters-in-pubertal-girls
#14
V Cirmanova, I Zofkova, P Kasalicky, V Lanska, M Bayer, L Starka, R Kanceva
Here we analyzed associations between muscles mass, total bone mineral content (BMC), lumbar spine bone density (BMD L1-L4) and serum or urine hormones in healthy peripubertal girls. Total BMC and areal BMD L1-L4, muscle mass and fat were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Muscle force (N) was estimated by a dynamometer. Circulating estradiol, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), 25-hydroxy vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), leptin, osteocalcin, bone isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase (bALP) and total calcium and phosphorus were quantified as the nocturnal melatonin and serotonin urinary excretion...
September 26, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940108/cytoprotective-effects-of-the-red-marine-alga-chondrus-canaliculatus-against-maneb-induced-hematotoxicity-and-bone-oxidative-damages-in-adult-rats
#15
Imen Jaballi, Hajer Ben Saad, Intidhar Bkhairia, Boutheina Cherif, Choumous Kallel, Ons Boudawara, Michael Droguet, Christian Magné, Ahmed Hakim, Ibtissem Ben Amara
The current study aimed at evaluating the ability of a mineral and antioxidant-rich extract from Chondrus canaliculatus to improve maneb (MB)-induced toxicity in adult rat. The animals were divided into four groups: group 1 used as a control group, group 2 received MB, group 3 received MB + C. canaliculatus extract, and group 4 received only the algal extract. MB, a Mn-containing ethylene-bis-dithiocarbamate fungicide, induced oxidative stress damages, mineral perturbations in the plasma, urine, and bone, and genotoxicity in rats...
September 22, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933510/-unusual-case-of-struvite-urolithiasis-in-a-dog-a-case-report-ein-fallbericht
#16
Julia K Mack, Ellen Kienzle
A dog was referred for nutrition consultation after surgical removal of struvite uroliths from the bladder. Inspection of the dog's current ration revealed a pronounced vitamin-A deficiency together with a marked deficiency of protein, phosphorus and magnesium. Therefore, a supersaturation of the urine with ammonium, magnesium and phosphate, the three constituents of struvite, as a cause of struvite calculi formation appears rather unlikely. Vitamin-A deficiency can promote urinary infections and consequently struvite stone formation because of the lack of the protective effect of vitamin A on the epithelia of the urinary tract...
September 20, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875008/renal-hemosiderosis-among-iranian-transfusion-dependent-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major-patients
#17
Mozhgan Hashemieh, Mitra Radfar, Azita Azarkeivan, Seyed Mohammad Taghi Hosseini Tabatabaei, Sedigheh Nikbakht, Mehdi Yaseri, Kourosh Sheibani
Background: In recent years, the success in management of thalassemic patients, has allowed for some previously unrecognized complications including renal abnormalities to emerge. This prospective study aimed to investigate kidney iron overload by means of MRI T2* and also renal function based on laboratory tests for early markers of glomerular and tubular dysfunction among adult Iranian transfusion-dependent thalassemia major patients. Subjects and Methods: Two-hundred and two patients with transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia major were included in this study in Zafar Adult Thalassemia Center, Tehran, Iran...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866091/variation-in-sodium-intake-and-intra-individual-change-in-blood-pressure-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
Chetna M Pathak, Joachim H Ix, Cheryl A M Anderson, Tyler B Woodell, Gerard Smits, Martha S Persky, Geoffrey A Block, Dena E Rifkin
OBJECTIVE: In the kidney disease clinic setting, higher-than-usual blood pressure is often ascribed to recent dietary sodium indiscretion. While clinical trials demonstrate a clear relationship between salt intake and blood pressure on the population level, it is uncertain whether real-world variation in sodium intake within individual chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients is associated with fluctuations in blood pressure. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Phosphorus Normalization Trial, in which participants with CKD eating their usual diets completed at least three 24-hour urine collections over 9 months, from which we measured sodium...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836089/risk-factors-for-sodium-valproate-induced-renal-tubular-dysfunction
#19
Satoko Koga, Takahisa Kimata, Sohsaku Yamanouchi, Shoji Tsuji, Ken Yoshimura, Atsushi Araki, Kazunari Kaneko
OBJECTIVE: To explore the risk factors for the development of sodium valproate (VPA)-induced renal tubular dysfunction for early diagnosis and treatment. STUDY DESIGN: The subjects were selected from patients who were diagnosed with epilepsy and administered VPA. Blood and spot urine samples were collected and measured the concentration of VPA, the level of serum phosphorus, serum uric acid, serum free carnitine, serum cystatin-c, and urine β2-microglobulin (BMG)...
August 23, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809621/cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-mortality-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Abdullahi Mudi, Caroline Dickens, Cecil Levy, Daynia Ballot
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) begins early in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and its progression is determined by the presence of single or multiple cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs). OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of CVRFs in children with CKD and their association with mortality in children on chronic dialysis. METHODS: This comparative cross-sectional study recruited children aged 5 - 18 years with all stages of CKD...
July 28, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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