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urine phosphorus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900765/serosurvey-hematology-and-causes-of-mortality-of-free-ranging-american-martens-martes-americana-in-michigan
#1
Maria C Spriggs, Richard W Gerhold, Rebecca P Wilkes, Paul Keenlance, Robert L Sanders, Jill Witt, Eric Clark, Debra Miller
  To better understand the clinical pathology, diseases, and causes of mortality of reintroduced American martens ( Martes americana) in Michigan, a study was conducted from 2011 to 2015 in the Upper and Lower Peninsulas of Michigan. Samples obtained from live trapping ( n = 58) or harvested carcasses ( n = 34) were serologically tested for select pathogens. Antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii and canine distemper virus were detected in 58 and 3.4% of samples, respectively. All samples were seronegative for Leptospira spp...
June 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892166/soymilk-intake-has-desirable-effects-on-phosphorus-and-calcium-metabolism
#2
Masae Sakuma, Ayaka Suzuki, Minako Kikuchi, Hidekazu Arai
The objective was to evaluate the effect of replacing milk with soymilk or calcium-fortified soymilk as a part of a meal on postprandial serum phosphorus levels. This study had a randomized crossover design. Ten healthy subjects were enrolled and consumed three test meals that contained either milk, soymilk, or calcium-fortified soymilk containing the same amount of calcium as milk. Blood samples were collected at 0, 30, 60, 120, 240 and 360 min and urine samples were collected from 0 to 360 min after consuming the test meal...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807414/determination-and-prediction-of-the-digestible-and-metabolizable-energy-contents-of-corn-germ-meal-in-growing-pigs
#3
Meng Shi, Zhaoyu Liu, Hongliang Wang, Chuanxin Shi, Ling Liu, Junjun Wang, Defa Li, Shuai Zhang
Objective: This experiment was conducted to determine the chemical composition, DE and ME contents of corn germ meals (CGM) and to develop equations to predict the corresponding energy contents based on the chemical characteristics of individual CGM. Methods: Sixty-six barrows (initial BW = 51.3 ± 4.6 kg) were allotted to 11 diets including a basal diet and 10 CGM test diets in a completely randomized design. In the test diets, CGM was included in replacement of 30% of the energy-providing ingredients in the basal diet, resulting in a final inclusion rate of 29...
May 24, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803667/relationships-between-enteral-nutrition-facts-and-urinary-stones-in-a-cohort-of-pediatric-patients-in-rehabilitation-from-severe-acquired-brain-injury
#4
Marco Pozzi, Federica Locatelli, Sara Galbiati, Elena Beretta, Carla Carnovale, Emilio Clementi, Sandra Strazzer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Urolithiasis affects pediatric patients with severe acquired brain injury, in whom the role of several clinical variables and of the presence and composition of enteral nutrition has not been investigated. METHODS: Retrospective chart review on 371 pediatric patients with severe acquired brain injury. We used an essential electronic database to check the association between stones and enteral feeding. We then picked at random paper clinical records until we collected 20 and 20 complete records for patients with/without stones, not matched...
May 14, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752823/prenatal-diagnosis-of-megacystis-microcolon-intestinal-hypoperistalsis-syndrome-by-biochemical-analysis-of-fetal-urine
#5
Jonathan Rosenblatt, Sophie Dreux, Emmanuel Spaggiari, Cécile Morin, Bichr Allaf, Anne Sylvie Valat, Danny Halim, Jean-François Oury, Françoise Muller
OBJECTIVES: To determine a model of fetal urine biochemical markers to differentiate megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome (MMIHS) from other megacystis. METHOD: Retrospective study of biochemical analysis of fetal urine in patients who presented prenatally with megacystis. We studied β2-microglobulin, sodium, calcium, and phosphorus. Twenty-six patients subsequently diagnosed with MMIHS were compared with two control groups: one of end-stage renal failure (ESRF, 64 fetuses) and the second of "good" postnatal renal function (control group, 64 fetuses)...
May 12, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735496/glucosuria-without-diabetes-key-to-the-diagnosis-of-fragility-fractures-due-to-fanconi-syndrome
#6
Lilluck F Alacapa, Mark Anthony Santiago Sandoval, Coralie Therese D Dimacali, Nathaniel Jr S Orillaza
A 64-year-old woman had fragility fractures which caused her to have gross deformities and confined her to bed. These were initially ascribed to vitamin D deficiency. However, despite correction of the deficiency, she did not improve. A review of previous records already showed glucosuria in the absence of diabetes, but this finding was overlooked. Eight years into the disease, it was realised that the glucosuria despite normal blood sugar could also mean that the patient was losing other substances needed for proper bone formation...
May 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730204/menopause-and-risk-of-kidney-stones
#7
Megan Prochaska, Eric N Taylor, Gary Curhan
BACKGROUND: Metabolic changes due to menopause may alter urine composition and kidney stone risk but results from prior work on this association have been mixed. We examined menopause and risk of incident kidney stones and changes in 24-hour urine composition in the Nurses' Health Study II. METHODS: We conducted a prospective analysis of 108,639 Nurses' Health Study II participants who provided information on menopause and kidney stones. We used multivariate adjusted Cox proportional hazards models...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696042/bone-metabolism-disorder-in-epileptic-children
#8
MAaryam Nakhaee Moghadam, Alireza Teimouri, Ali Khajeh, Seyed Bahare Hoseini
Objective: There are frequent anti-epileptic drugs used in management of epilepsy. Anti-epileptic drugs may have some complications on bone and vitamin D metabolism. This study aimed to comparison the bone metabolism disorder in epileptic children with healthy child in Zahedan, eastern Iran from Jul 2014 to Jun 2015. Materials & Methods: This case-control study was performed on bone metabolism disorder in epileptic children between 2014-2015. Forty epileptic children were enrolled based on accessibility scheme and 40 participants randomly selected for control group from those referred to the pediatric ward and clinic of Ali Ebn Abi Talib Hospital and Ali Asghar Clinic in Zahedan City, Sistan & Baluchestan Province, eastern Iran...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694631/humoral-hypercalcemia-of-pregnancy-treated-with-bisphosphonates
#9
Ronit Koren, Ortal Neeman, Shlomit Koren, Carlos A Benbassat
Hypercalcemia can be hazardous during pregnancy, most cases being due to primary hyperparathyroidism. We report a case of hypercalcemia with suppressed PTH levels necessitating treatment with bisphosphonates during pregnancy. A 38-year-old woman at the 26th week gestation was admitted because of symptomatic hypercalcemia. She did not take any medication that could influence her calcium levels. Physical examination was unremarkable. Laboratory tests on admission were: calcium 12.7 mg/dL (8.5-10.5 mg/dL), phosphorus 1...
February 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669070/impact-of-narasin-on-manure-composition-microbial-ecology-and-gas-emissions-from-finishing-pigs-fed-either-a-corn-soybean-meal-or-a-corn-soybean-meal-dried-distillers-grains-with-solubles-diets
#10
Brian J Kerr, Steven L Trabue, Mark B van Weelden, Daniel S Andersen, Laura M Pepple
An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of feeding finishing pigs a corn-soybean (CSBM) diet or a CSBM diet supplemented with 30% dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS), in combination with or without a growth-promoting ionophore (0 or 30 mg narasin/kg of diet), has on manure composition, microbial ecology, and gas emissions. Two separate groups of 24 gilts (initial BW = 145.1 kg, SD = 7.8 kg) were allotted to individual metabolism crates that allowed for total but separate collection of feces and urine during the 48-d collection period...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657194/association-of-brucellosis-with-renal-tubular-and-glomerular-damage-in-children-in-turkey
#11
Secil Conkar, Muhammed Kosker, Saliha Cevik, Muzeyyen Ay
Brucellosis is a multisystem disease that may present with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations. Until now, no studies have been performed on renal tubular disorders in patients with brucellosis. The present study aims to investigate renal tubular disorders in patients with brucellosis. This prospective case-control study includes a total of 31 brucellosis patients (Group 1) and 30 healthy controls (Group 2) matched for age and sex. Renal tubular functions of children who were diagnosed as having brucellosis in outpatient pediatric clinics were evaluated...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621752/fibroblast-growth-factor-23-a-biomarker-of-kidney-function-decline
#12
David A Drew, Ronit Katz, Stephen Kritchevsky, Joachim H Ix, Michael G Shlipak, Anne B Newman, Andy Hoofnagle, Linda Fried, Mark J Sarnak, Orlando M Gutierrez
BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) is a hormone that regulates phosphorus levels and vitamin D metabolism. Previous studies have shown FGF-23 to be a risk factor for incident end-stage renal disease; however, there are less data on the association of FGF-23 with earlier kidney-related outcomes. METHODS: Serum FGF-23 was assayed using an intact ELISA assay in 2,496 participants of the Healthy Aging and Body Composition Study, a cohort of well-functioning older adults...
2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610557/dietary-intake-of-inorganic-phosphorus-has-a-stronger-influence-on-vascular-endothelium-function-than-organic-phosphorus
#13
Hiromi Kawamura, Sarasa Tanaka, Yuri Ota, Sumire Endo, Mariko Tani, Midori Ishitani, Motoyoshi Sakaue, Mikiko Ito
Phosphorus management through dietetic therapy is vital for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease patients. There are two main sources of phosphorus in the diet, organic phosphorus from protein and inorganic phosphorus from food additives. The adverse effects of high phosphorus intake on vascular-endothelium function have been reported; however, the differences in the effects of organic phosphorus versus inorganic phosphorus are not clear. In this study, we examined an acute effect of these high phosphorus meals intake on vascular-endothelium function...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605825/potassium-citrate-is-better-in-reducing-salt-and-increasing-urine-ph-than-oral-intake-of-lemonade-a-cross-over-study
#14
Jing Shen, Xicheng Zhang
BACKGROUND Urine solute supersaturation leads to the formation of urinary tract caliceal stones. Many parameters can be involved in the supersaturation of solutes in urine, such as pH. Uric acid has pKa ≤5.5, and it is solubilized at pH ≥5.5. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of potassium citrate and lemonade supplementation in pediatric patients with urolithiasis. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 126 children who had lower ureteral stones calculi and fragments with severe colic pain participated in this cross-over study...
April 1, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577111/phosphorus-balance-in-adolescent-girls-and-the-effect-of-supplemental-dietary-calcium
#15
Colby J Vorland, Berdine R Martin, Connie M Weaver, Munro Peacock, Kathleen M Hill Gallant
There are limited data on phosphorus balance and the effect of dietary calcium supplements on phosphorus balance in adolescents. The purpose of this study was to determine phosphorus balance and the effect of increasing dietary calcium intake with a supplement on net phosphorus absorption and balance in healthy adolescent girls. This study utilized stored urine, fecal, and diet samples from a previously conducted study that focused on calcium balance. Eleven healthy girls ages 11 to 14 years participated in a randomized crossover study, which consisted of two 3-week periods of a controlled diet with low (817 ± 19...
March 2018: JBMR Plus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555416/phosphorus-kinetics-in-lambs-experimentally-infected-with-trichostrongylus-colubriformis-with-the-use-of-32-p
#16
Tairon Pannunzio Dias E Silva, Carolina Rodriguez Jimenez, Egon Ion Ieda, Adibe Luiz Abdalla, Helder Louvandini
This study was conducted to evaluate the metabolism and phosphorus (P) kinetics in lambs experimentally infected with Trichostrongylus colubriformis using the isotope dilution technique and modelling. Fifteen male lambs (21.1 ± 1.50 kg) of the Santa Inês hair breed of approximately six months old, distributed in the treatments infected (I, n = 8) and control (C, n = 7) were used. The infected lambs received serial infections with 5000 T. colubriformis larvae, three times per week, for 3 weeks (45 000 T...
May 2018: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552136/drug-distribution-and-clinical-safety-in-treating-cystic-craniopharyngiomas-using-intracavitary-radiotherapy-with-phosphorus-32-colloid
#17
Hongbo Chang, Jianning Zhang, Weidong Cao, Yaming Wang, Hulin Zhao, Rui Liu, Shengli Guo
The present study evaluated drug distribution and clinical safety in treating patients with cystic craniopharyngioma (CP) with intracavitary radiotherapy using phosphorus-32 (32 P) colloid. In total, 40 patients who were recently diagnosed with primary or recurrent cystic CP were enrolled into the study. Patients underwent stereotactic intracavitary therapy and were administered 32 P colloid and iopamidol-300 (1:1 dilution). Head computed tomography (CT) scans were performed 2 h after surgery in order to assess drug distribution and leakage...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550811/gum-acacia-improves-renal-function-and-ameliorates-systemic-inflammation-oxidative-and-nitrosative-stress-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-in-rats-with-adenine-induced-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
Mohammed Al Za'abi, Suhail Al Salam, Yousuf Al Suleimani, Priyadarsini Manoj, Abderrahim Nemmar, Badreldin H Ali
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The effect of treatment with gum acacia (GA), a prebiotic shown previously to ameliorate chronic kidney disease (CKD), in diabetic and non - diabetic rats with adenine - induced CKD has been investigated using several conventional and novel physiological, biochemical, and histopathological parameters. METHODS: Diabetes mellitus was induced in rats by a single injection of streptozotocin (STZ). Diabetic and non - diabetic rats were randomly divided into several groups, and given either normal food or food mixed with adenine (0...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514445/the-effect-of-intermittent-watering-on-performance-blood-metabolites-and-nutrient-digestibility-in-baluchi-lambs
#19
Vahid Vosooghi-Postindoz, Abdol Mansour Tahmasbi, Abbas Ali Naserian, Reza Valizadeh, Seyed Hadi Ebrahimi
Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of intermittent watering on Baluchi lambs, regarding their performance, blood metabolites, and nutrient digestibility. Methods: Twenty male Baluchi lambs, 120 ± 5 days of age and 29 ±2.2 kg body weight were randomly assigned to four watering treatments: (T1) free access to water during the day, (T2) watered ad libitum twice a day, (T3) watered ad libitum once a day, (T4) watered ad libitum once every two days...
March 2, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501001/phosphorus-doped-graphitic-carbon-nitride-nanosheets-as-fluorescence-probe-for-the-detection-of-baicalein
#20
Xuan Wang, Xuebing Li, Wenfang Chen, Rulin Wang, Wei Bian, Martin M F Choi
Phosphorus doped graphitic carbon nitride (P-g-C3 N4 ) nanosheets were synthesized by calcination. P-g-C3 N4 nanosheets were characterized by XRD, XPS, TEM, fluorescence, ultraviolet-visible absorption and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The fluorescence of the P-g-C3 N4 nanosheets was gradually quenched with the increase in the concentration of baicalein at room temperature. The proposed probe was used for the determination of baicalein in the concentration 2.0-30μM with a detection limit of 53nM...
June 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
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