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Questionnaire reliability

Sonja U Kubik, Paul R Martin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the newly developed Headache Triggers Sensitivity and Avoidance Questionnaire (HTSAQ) designed to measure variables relating to the Trigger Avoidance Model of Headaches. BACKGROUND: The Trigger Avoidance Model of Headaches proposes that one pathway to developing a primary headache disorder is through the avoidance of headache triggers, resulting in an increase in trigger potency through sensitization...
October 18, 2016: Headache
Martin Carberry, John Harden
Early identification of patients with sepsis is key to the delivery of the sepsis 6 bundle including antibiotic therapy within an hour.[1-3] Demand versus capacity challenges in the Emergency Department (ED) led to delays in antibiotic and sepsis 6 delivery. An alerting tool was developed that provided criteria for Scottish Ambulance Service (SAS) Paramedics to alert the ED of potential sepsis patients. Data from patients presenting to the ED prior to the alerting process commencing (n=50) and during alerting (n=50) were analysed, a questionnaire was used to ascertain feedback from all staff groups; nurses doctors, and paramedics (n=38)...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Mirai Mourad Sadek, Asim Ahmed Elnour, Naama M S Al Kalbani, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Mohamed A Baraka, Alaa Mohammed Abdul Aziz, Abdulla Shehab
Background: The pharmaceutical care and 'extended' roles are still not practiced optimally by community pharmacists. Several studies have discussed the practice of community pharmacy in the UAE and have shown that most community pharmacists only counsel patients. However, UAE, has taken initiatives to allow and prepare community pharmacists to practice 'extended' roles. Aim of the review: The aim was to review the current roles of community pharmacists in Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Objective: The objective was to encourage community pharmacists toward extending their practice roles...
September 2016: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Ainhoa Coloma-Carmona, José Luis Carballo, Sonia Tirado-González
OBJECTIVE: Due to the lack of studies in the Spanish population, this study aims to analyze the barriers perceived by health professionals from different Spanish health centers when attempting to identify and treat problem drinkers and the importance given to this aspect, as well as analyzing the possible differences as a function of the professionals' health teams. We also analyze the psychometric properties of the questionnaire used to assess these barriers. METHOD: The participants included 107 health professionals: 62...
October 14, 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
Katelyn A Grayson-Sneed, Sandi W Smith, Robert C Smith
OBJECTIVE: To develop a more reliable coding method of medical interviewing focused on data-gathering and emotion-handling. METHODS: Two trained (30h) undergraduates rated videotaped interviews from 127 resident-simulated patient (SP) interactions. Trained on 45 videotapes, raters coded 25 of 127 study set tapes for patient-centeredness. Guetzkow's U, Cohen's Kappa, and percent of agreement were used to measure raters' reliability in unitizing and coding residents' skills for eliciting: agenda (3 yes/no items), physical story (2), personal story (6), emotional story (15), using indirect skills (4), and general patient-centeredness (3)...
October 11, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Fei-Chi Chuang, Li-Ching Chu, Fu-Tsai Kung, Kuan-Hui Huang
OBJECTIVE: To validate the traditional Chinese translated version of the prolapse quality of life questionnaire (P-QOL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The P-QOL questionnaire was translated into traditional Chinese characters and administered to women recruited from gynecologic outpatient clinics of Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. After the test-retest reliability and internal consistency were established in a pilot study, all participants completed the P-QOL questionnaire and were examined in the lithotomy position using the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification System (POP-Q)...
October 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Claudia Quaresma, Claudia Silva, Mário Forjaz Secca, João Goyri O'Neill, Jorge Branco, António Marques
OBJECTIVE: To perform the cultural adaptation of the instrument Activity Record (ACTRE) and evaluate its psychometric qualities. METHOD: Six steps were followed:1) translation of the original instrument, 2) back-translation, 3) formal equivalence assessment, 4) evaluation by an expert in Portuguese language, 5) final critique by experts in the field and 6 ) applying the questionnaire to 53 pregnant women, aged between 18 and 39 years, at two different moments with an interval time of two hours aimed to evaluate the reliability level of temporal stability (test-retest) using the the Intraclass Correlation...
August 29, 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
Cristina Casajuana, Hugo López-Pelayo, María Mercedes Balcells, Laia Miquel, Lídia Teixidó, Joan Colom, Antoni Gual
INTRODUCTION: Assessing cannabis consumption remains complex due to no reliable registration systems. We tested the likelihood of establishing a Standard Joint Unit (SJU) which considers the main cannabinoids with implication on health through a naturalistic approach.  Methodology. Pilot study with current cannabis users of four areas of Barcelona: universities, nightclubs, out-patient mental health service, and cannabis associations. We designed and administered a questionnaire on cannabis use-patterns and determined the willingness to donate a joint for analysis...
October 7, 2016: Adicciones
Gow-Lieng Tseng, Cheng-Yu Chen
High myopia is a global eye health problem because of its high incidence of sight-threatening complications. Due to the role of awareness, self-examination, and preventive behavior in prevention of morbidity of high myopia complications, promoting knowledge, capabilities, and attitude of high myopic personnel are required in this regard.In this quasi-experiment study, 31 freshmen with high myopia in a national university were enrolled in 2014. The data were collected by validated and reliable questionnaire based on health belief model (HBM) and self-efficacy theory...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Rachel L Z Goh, Eva Fenwick, Simon E Skalicky
PURPOSE: As health budgets tighten globally, evaluating the cost-effectiveness of glaucoma services is vital; however, there is a lack of validated instruments that measure utility specific to glaucoma patients. We thus evaluated the validity of the Visual Function Questionnaire-Utility Index (VFQ-UI) as a measure of vision-related function and preference-based status in glaucoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 141 volunteer patients over 40 years of age with moderate (n=64) or severe (n=36) glaucoma, and 41 controls...
October 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero, Alex Cohen, Javier Ortuño-Sierra, Alicia Pérez de Álbeniz, José Muñiz
The main goal of the present study was to test the measurement equivalence of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire - Brief Revised (SPQ-BR) scores in a large sample of Spanish and American non-clinical young adults. The sample was made up of 5,625 young adults (M = 19.65 years; SD = 2.53; 38.5% males). Study of the internal structure, using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), revealed that SPQ-BR items were grouped in a theoretical internal structure of nine first-order factors. Moreover, three or four second-order factor and bifactor models showed adequate goodness-of-fit indices...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
Maudrene Ls Tan, Eric Yh Khoo, Konstadina Griva, Yung Seng Lee, Mohamed Amir, Yasmin Lm Zuniga, Jeannette Lee, E Shyong Tai, Hwee Lin Wee
INTRODUCTION: The Diabetes Health Profile-18 (DHP-18) measures diabetes-related psychological well-being in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It includes 3 subscales: psychological distress (PD), barriers to activity and disinhibited eating. The psychometric properties of the DHP have not been evaluated in Asia. The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the DHP in multiethnic Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients between the ages of 18 to 65 diagnosed with diabetes (either type 1 or type 2) for at least 1 year were recruited from a diabetes outpatient clinic in a tertiary hospital...
September 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Lucy Chen, Lisa Liberatore, Tom Chin, Scott Walker, Helen Fanous, Michelle M Nash, Lindita Rapi, Jennie Huckle, Jeffrey S Zaltzman, G V Ramesh Prasad
BACKGROUND: Ensuring reliable gastrointestinal drug absorption of orally-administered immunosuppressive medications posttransplant is critical to ensuring graft survival. METHODS: A 66 year old man of East Asian origin with a previous total gastrectomy was evaluated for living donor kidney transplantation. Pretransplant pharmacokinetic testing was performed to determine the most appropriate posttransplant medication strategy. The Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index and Gastrointestinal Rating Scale questionnaires were administered to gauge immunosuppressive medication-related side effects in the absence of a stomach...
September 29, 2016: Transplantation
Wilfred F Peter, Henrika Cw de Vet, Maarten Boers, Jaap Harlaar, Leo D Roorda, Rudolf W Poolman, Vanessa Ab Scholtes, Martijn Steultjens, Gordon J Hendry, Ewa M Roos, Francis Guillemin, Maria G Benedetti, Lorenzo Cavazzuti, Antonio Escobar, Hanne Dagfinrud, Caroline B Terwee
OBJECTIVE: The Animated Activity Questionnaire (AAQ) assesses activity limitations in patients with hip/knee osteoarthritis (HKOA), and consisting video animations of which patients choose the animation that best matches their own performance. The AAQ has shown good validity and reliability. This study aims to evaluate cross-cultural and construct validity of the AAQ. Methods Cross-cultural validity was assessed using ordinal logistic regression analysis to evaluate Differential Item Functioning (DIF) across 7 languages...
October 16, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
Johann Malina-Altzinger, Georg Damerau, Klaus W Grätz, P D Bernd Stadlinger
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and the inter- and intra-examiner reliability of panoramic-radiograph-driven findings of different maxillary sinus anatomic variations and pathologies, which had initially been prediagnosed by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: After pairs of two-dimensional (2D) panoramic and three-dimensional (3D) CBCT images of patients having received treatment at the outpatient department had been screened, the predefinition of 54 selected maxillary sinus conditions was initially performed on CBCT images by two blinded consultants individually using a questionnaire that defined ten different clinically relevant findings...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Polly Hitchcock Noël, Salene Jones, Michael L Parchman
RATIONALE: Aims and Objective: The validation study of the Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (PACIC) questionnaire suggested a 5-factor structure determined a priori, but subsequent analyses have questioned the validity of the original factor structure. This study analyzed the factor structure of the PACIC using a large and diverse patient sample, and evaluated the identified factors through the lens of recent transformational initiatives in primary care. METHODS: Convenience samples of adults completed surveys in waiting rooms during clinic visits...
2016: European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare
Haramritpal Kaur, Gurpreet Singh, Amandeep Singh, Gagandeep Sharda, Shobha Aggarwal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Perioperative stress is an often ignored commonly occurring phenomenon. Little or no prior knowledge of anesthesia techniques can increase this significantly. Patients awaiting surgery may experience high level of anxiety. Preoperative visit is an ideal time to educate patients about anesthesia and address these fears. The present study evaluates two different approaches, i.e., standard interview versus informative audiovisual presentation with standard interview on information gain (IG) and its impact on patient anxiety during preoperative visit...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Raquel Castillo-Oyagüe, Carmen Perea, María-Jesús Suárez-García, Jaime Del Río, Christopher D Lynch, Arelis Preciado
OBJECTIVES: To validate the 'Quality of Life related to function, aesthetics, socialization, and thoughts about health-behavioural habits (QoLFAST-10)' questionnaire for assessing the whole concept of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of implant-supported fixed partial denture (FPD) wearers. METHODS: 107 patients were assigned to: Group 1 (HP; n=37): fixed-detachable hybrid prostheses (control); Group 2 (C-PD, n=35): cemented partial dentures; and Group 3 (S-PD, n=35): screwed partial dentures...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Gustavo A Constaín, María de Los Ángeles Rodríguez-Gázquez, Guillermo Andrés Ramírez Jiménez, Gloria María Gómez Vásquez, Laura Mejía Cardona, Jonathan Cardona Vélez
OBJECTIVE: To establish the diagnostic validity and usefulness of Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26) for the risk assessment of eating disorders in a male population. DESCRIPTION: Observational validation study questionnaire. SETTING: Performed in Medellin city at a community care level of mixed (public and private) psychiatric clinics. SUBJECTS: The study included 21 male subjects aged ≥14 with DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS), and 93 controls without ED...
October 10, 2016: Atencion Primaria
M Delhaye, F Orts, F Bury, G Loas
OBJECTIVE: The 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) is the most widely used measure of alexithymia in non-clinical or clinical populations. The TAS-20 evaluates three dimensions of the alexithymia construct: the difficulty identifying feelings (DIF), the difficulty describing feelings (DDF) and externally oriented thinking (EOT). The TAS-20 is also used in adolescents or children, and the psychometric properties of the scale have not been systematically evaluated in these populations...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
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