keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Innovative

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549161/cigarette-smoking-cessation-intervention-for-buprenorphine-treatment-patients
#1
Sharon M Hall, Gary Humfleet, James Gasper, Kevin L Delucchi, David Hersh, Joseph Guydish
Introduction: Patients receiving Medication Assisted Therapy (MAT) for opioid use disorder have high cigarette smoking rates. Cigarette smoking interventions have had limited success. We evaluated an intervention to increase cigarette abstinence rates in patients receiving buprenorphine-assisted therapy. Methods: Cigarette smokers (N=175; 78% male; 69% Caucasian; 20% Hispanic), recruited from a buprenorphine clinic were randomly assigned to either an extended innovative system intervention (E-ISI) or to Standard Treatment Control (STC)...
May 26, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548861/emergent-optical-phononic-modes-upon-nanoscale-mesogenic-phase-transitions
#2
Dima Bolmatov, Mikhail Zhernenkov, Lewis Sharpnack, Dena M Agra-Kooijman, Satyendra Kumar, Alexey Suvorov, Ronald Pindak, Yong Q Cai, Alessandro Cunsolo
The investigation of phononic collective excitations in soft matter systems at the molecular scale has always been challenging due to limitations of experimental techniques in resolving low-energy modes. Recent advances in Inelastic X-ray Scattering (IXS) enabled the study of such systems with unprecedented spectral contrast at meV excitation energies. In particular, it has become possible to shed light on the low-energy collective motions in materials whose morphology and phase behavior can easily be manipulated, such as mesogenic systems...
May 26, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548822/iron-containing-metal-organic-frameworks-structure-synthesis-and-applications-in-environmental-remediation
#3
Xiaocheng Liu, Yaoyu Zhou, Jiachao Zhang, Lin Tang, Lin Luo, Guangming Zeng
Metal-organic Frameworks (MOFs) with Fe content are gradually developing into an independent branch in environmental remediation, requiring economical, effective, low toxic strategies to the complete procedure. In this review, the recent advancements in the structure, synthesis and environmental application focusing on the mechanism are presented. The unique structure of novel design proposed specific characteristics of different iron containing MOFs with potential innovation. Synthesis of typical MILs, NH2-MILs and MILs based materials reveal the basis and defect of the current method, indicating the optimal means for the actual requirements...
May 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547817/recent-advances-in-metal-containing-polymer-hydrogels
#4
REVIEW
Hui Li, Peng Yang, Parasmani Pageni, Chuanbing Tang
Metal-containing polymer hydrogels have attracted increasing interest in recent years due to their outstanding properties such as biocompatibility, recoverability, self-healing, and/or redox activity. In this short review, methods for the preparation of metal-containing polymer hydrogels are introduced and an overview of these hydrogels with various functionalities is given. It is hoped that this short update can stimulate innovative ideas to promote the research of metal-containing hydrogels in the communities...
May 26, 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546791/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-from-clostridium-difficile-to-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
Robert J Gianotti, Alan C Moss
Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has evolved from a case report in the medical literature to the basis of major innovations in the treatment of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and, potentially, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In the clinical setting, FMT was noted to significantly lower the risk of recurrent CDI, likely by increasing microbial diversity and altering the metabolic environment in the intestinal tract of recipients. In parallel, advances in the ability to quantify and characterize microbial communities in fecal samples led to the association of IBD with a state of intestinal dysbiosis...
April 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546401/virtual-consultations-in-general-practice-embracing-innovation-carefully
#6
Bharadwaj V Chada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546378/pediatric-lung-transplantation
#7
Stuart C Sweet
Pediatric lung transplant is a viable option for treatment of end-stage lung disease in children, with > 100 pediatric lung transplants reported to the Registry of the International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation each year. Long-term success is limited by availability of donor organs, debilitation as a result of chronic disease, impaired mucus clearance resulting from both surgical and pharmacologic interventions, increased risk for infection resulting from immunosuppression, and most importantly late complications, such as chronic lung allograft dysfunction...
June 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546136/an-ecological-momentary-intervention-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-in-young-adults-delivered-during-drinking-events-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Cassandra Jc Wright, Paul M Dietze, Paul A Agius, Emmanuel Kuntsche, Robin Room, Michael Livingston, Margaret Hellard, Megan Sc Lim
BACKGROUND: Risky drinking is a significant public health issue in young Australian adults. Brief interventions are one of few effective methods of reducing risky drinking but are time and cost intensive; innovative methods of delivery are therefore of interest. Mobile phones offer new opportunities to collect data and intervene during risky drinking events. Mobile phones have successfully been used for delivery of alcohol-related brief interventions and data collection but not in combination with or during drinking events...
May 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545805/the-accuracy-of-three-dimensional-prediction-of-soft-tissue-changes-following-the-surgical-correction-of-facial-asymmetry-an-innovative-concept
#9
T Mundluru, A Almukhtar, X Ju, A Ayoub
The accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) predictions of soft tissue changes in the surgical correction of facial asymmetry was evaluated in this study. Preoperative (T1) and 6-12-month postoperative (T2) cone beam computed tomography scans of 13 patients were studied. All patients underwent surgical correction of facial asymmetry as part of a multidisciplinary treatment protocol. The magnitude of the surgical movement was measured; virtual surgery was performed on the preoperative scans using Maxilim software...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545572/intensive-case-management-for-addiction-to-promote-engagement-with-care-of-people-with-severe-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-an-observational-study
#10
Stéphane Morandi, Benedetta Silva, Philippe Golay, Charles Bonsack
BACKGROUND: Co-occurring severe mental and substance use disorders are associated with physical, psychological and social complications such as homelessness and unemployment. People with severe mental and substance use disorders are difficult to engage with care. The lack of treatment worsens their health and social conditions and increases treatment costs, as emergency department visits arise. Case management has proved to be effective in promoting engagement with care of people with severe mental and substance use disorders...
May 25, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545508/open-label-versus-double-blind-placebo-treatment-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Sarah Ballou, Ted J Kaptchuk, William Hirsch, Judy Nee, Johanna Iturrino, Kathryn T Hall, John M Kelley, Vivian Cheng, Irving Kirsch, Eric Jacobson, Lisa Conboy, Anthony Lembo, Roger B Davis
BACKGROUND: Placebo medications, by definition, are composed of inactive ingredients that have no physiological effect on symptoms. Nonetheless, administration of placebo in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and in clinical settings has been demonstrated to have significant impact on many physical and psychological complaints. Until recently, conventional wisdom has suggested that patients must believe that placebo pills actually contain (or, at least, might possibly contain) active medication in order to elicit a response to placebo...
May 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545386/evolutionary-radiations-in-the-species-rich-mountain-genus-saxifraga-l
#12
J Ebersbach, J Schnitzler, A Favre, A N Muellner-Riehl
BACKGROUND: A large number of taxa have undergone evolutionary radiations in mountainous areas, rendering alpine systems particularly suitable to study the extrinsic and intrinsic factors that have shaped diversification patterns in plants. The species-rich genus Saxifraga L. is widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere, with high species numbers in the regions adjacent to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) in particular the Hengduan Mountains and the Himalayas. Using a dataset of 297 taxa (representing at least 60% of extant Saxifraga species), we explored the variation of infrageneric diversification rates...
May 25, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545336/design-of-a-cluster-randomized-minority-recruitment-trial-recruit
#13
Barbara C Tilley, Arch G Mainous, Daniel W Smith, M Diane McKee, Rossybelle P Amorrortu, Jennifer Alvidrez, Vanessa Diaz, Marvella E Ford, Maria E Fernandez, Robert A Hauser, Carlos Singer, Veronica Landa, Aron Trevino, Stacia M DeSantis, Yefei Zhang, Elvan Daniels, Derrick Tabor, Sally W Vernon
BACKGROUND: Racial/ethnic minority groups remain underrepresented in clinical trials. Many strategies to increase minority recruitment focus on minority communities and emphasize common diseases such as hypertension. Scant literature focuses on minority recruitment to trials of less common conditions, often conducted in specialty clinics and dependent on physician referrals. We identified trust/mistrust of specialist physician investigators and institutions conducting medical research and consequent participant reluctance to participate in clinical trials as key-shared barriers across racial/ethnic groups...
June 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545257/the-reactive-sulfur-species-concept-15-years-on
#14
REVIEW
Gregory I Giles, Muhammad Jawad Nasim, Wesam Ali, Claus Jacob
Fifteen years ago, in 2001, the concept of "Reactive Sulfur Species" or RSS was advocated as a working hypothesis. Since then various organic as well as inorganic RSS have attracted considerable interest and stimulated many new and often unexpected avenues in research and product development. During this time, it has become apparent that molecules with sulfur-containing functional groups are not just the passive "victims" of oxidative stress or simple conveyors of signals in cells, but can also be stressors in their own right, with pivotal roles in cellular function and homeostasis...
May 23, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545219/new-species-for-the-biomitigation-of-a-super-intensive-marine-fish-farm-effluent-combined-use-of-polychaete-assisted-sand-filters-and-halophyte-aquaponics
#15
Bruna Marques, Ricardo Calado, Ana I Lillebø
The main objective of this study was to test an innovative biomitigation approach, where polychaete-assisted (Hediste diversicolor) sand filters were combined with the production of Halimione portulacoides in aquaponics, to remediate an organic-rich effluent generated by a super intensive fish farm operating a land-based RAS (Recirculating aquaculture system). The set up included four different experimental combinations that were periodically monitored for 5months. After this period, polychaete-assisted sand filters reduced in 70% the percentage of OM and the average densities increased from ≈400ind...
May 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545146/transcriptomics-technologies
#16
Rohan Lowe, Neil Shirley, Mark Bleackley, Stephen Dolan, Thomas Shafee
Transcriptomics technologies are the techniques used to study an organism's transcriptome, the sum of all of its RNA transcripts. The information content of an organism is recorded in the DNA of its genome and expressed through transcription. Here, mRNA serves as a transient intermediary molecule in the information network, whilst noncoding RNAs perform additional diverse functions. A transcriptome captures a snapshot in time of the total transcripts present in a cell. The first attempts to study the whole transcriptome began in the early 1990s, and technological advances since the late 1990s have made transcriptomics a widespread discipline...
May 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544960/anti-biofilm-effect-of-dihydromyricetin-loaded-nanocapsules-on-urinary-catheter-infected-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#17
A J F Dalcin, C G Santos, S S Gündel, I Roggia, R P Raffin, A F Ourique, R C V Santos, P Gomes
Nosocomial infections associated with biofilm formation on urinary catheters are among the leading causes of complications due to biofilm characteristics and high antimicrobial resistance. An interesting alternative are natural products, such as Dihydromyricetin (DMY), a flavonoid which presents several pharmacological properties, including strong antimicrobial activity against various microorganisms. However, DMY, has low aqueous solubility and consequently low bioavailability. Nanoencapsulation can contribute to the improvement of characteristics of some drugs, by increasing the apparent solubility and sustained release has been reported among other advantages...
May 15, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544911/arianna-a-research-environment-for-neuroimaging-studies-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#18
Alessandra Retico, Silvia Arezzini, Paolo Bosco, Sara Calderoni, Alberto Ciampa, Simone Coscetti, Stefano Cuomo, Luca De Santis, Dario Fabiani, Maria Evelina Fantacci, Alessia Giuliano, Enrico Mazzoni, Pietro Mercatali, Giovanni Miscali, Massimiliano Pardini, Margherita Prosperi, Francesco Romano, Elena Tamburini, Michela Tosetti, Filippo Muratori
The complexity and heterogeneity of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) require the implementation of dedicated analysis techniques to obtain the maximum from the interrelationship among many variables that describe affected individuals, spanning from clinical phenotypic characterization and genetic profile to structural and functional brain images. The ARIANNA project has developed a collaborative interdisciplinary research environment that is easily accessible to the community of researchers working on ASD (https://arianna...
May 17, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544863/how-social-status-shapes-person-perception-and-evaluation-a-social-neuroscience-perspective
#19
Bradley D Mattan, Jennifer T Kubota, Jasmin Cloutier
Inferring the relative rank (i.e., status) of others is essential to navigating social hierarchies. A survey of the expanding social psychological and neuroscience literatures on status reveals a diversity of focuses (e.g., perceiver vs. agent), operationalizations (e.g., status as dominance vs. wealth), and methodologies (e.g., behavioral, neuroscientific). Accommodating this burgeoning literature on status in person perception, the present review offers a novel social neuroscientific framework that integrates existing work with theoretical clarity...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544862/narcissistic-force-meets-systemic-resistance-the-energy-clash-model
#20
Constantine Sedikides, W Keith Campbell
This article focuses on the interplay between narcissistic leaders and organizations. It attempts to capture the gist of this interplay with a model outlining the narcissistic organizational trajectory. The Energy Clash Model borrows and adapts a phase/state physics metaphor to conceptualize narcissism as a force that enters or emerges in a stable system (i.e., organization) as a leader, destabilizes it, and stabilizes it at a different state or is expelled. The model consists of three time-contingent phases: perturbation, conflict, and resolution...
May 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
keyword
keyword
45950
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"