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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783258/-theoretical-grounds-of-a-structural-and-functional-model-for-quality-assurance-of-radiation-diagnostics-under-conditions-of-development-of-the-modern-health-care-system-in-ukraine
#1
Oleg A Korop, Sergiy V Lenskykh
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Modern changes in the health care system of Ukraine are focused on financial support in providing medical and diagnostic care to the population and are based on deep and consistent structural and functional transformations. They are aimed at providing adequate quality care, which is the main target function and a principal criterion for operation of health care system. The urgency of this problem is increasing in the context of reforming the health care system and global changes in the governmental financial guarantees for the provision of medical services to the population...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783254/-legal-bases-of-vaccination-in-ukraine
#2
Olena O Terzi
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Despite the extraordinary progress made in the field of vaccination, a large number of children in the last decade, 24 million children, or nearly 20% of children born every year, do not receive a full plan for vaccination during their first year of life. The aim: The purpose of the article is to analyze the legal framework of vaccination in Ukraine, comparing the approach of the domestic legislator to the vaccination with foreign experience. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Methods of research are selected based on the goal of the study...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783253/planning-of-effective-evaluation-of-the-activities-of-hospital-district-at-the-example-of-poltava-region
#3
Vyacheslav M Zhdan, Valentyn M Dvornyk, Viktor P Lysak, Igor M Skrypnyk, Valeriy I Pokhylko, Iryna A Holovanova, Inna V Bielikova, Maxim V Khorosh, Ludmila M Shylkina, Mariya M Tovstiak
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Increasing of the availability and quality of health care in rural areas is one of the priority directions of public health and regional development policy. The need for reforming of the network of secondary health care facilities is due to the fact, that they are unable to meet the needs of the population in this specialized type of medical care in the conditions of the existing structure and funding system. The aim: to analyze the existing legislation regulating the establishment and operation of hospital districts; to determine the methodology for monitoring and evaluating of the activity of the hospital district on the example of the Poltava region...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781692/significance-of-mental-health-legislation-for-successful-primary-care-for-mental-health-and-community-mental-health-services-a-review
#4
Getinet Ayano
BACKGROUND:  Mental health legislation (MHL) is required to ensure a regulatory framework for mental health services and other providers of treatment and care, and to ensure that the public and people with a mental illness are afforded protection from the often-devastating consequences of mental illness. AIMS:  To provide an overview of evidence on the significance of MHL for successful primary care for mental health and community mental health servicesMethod: A qualitative review of the literature on the significance of MHL for successful primary care for mental health and community mental health services was conducted...
March 29, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781429/turning-climate-change-legislation-into-public-health-policy
#5
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781404/removal-of-iron-ore-slimes-from-a-highly-turbid-water-by-daf
#6
L M Faustino, A S Braga, G D Sacchi, W Whitaker, M A P Reali, L S Leal Filho, L A Daniel
This paper addresses Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF) process variables, such as the flocculation parameters and the recycle water addition, as well as the pretreatment chemical variables (coagulation conditions), to determine the optimal values for the flotation of iron ore slimes found in a highly turbid water sample from the Gualaxo do Norte River, a tributary of the Doce River Basin in Minas Gerais, Brazil. This work was conducted using a flotatest batch laboratory-scale device to evaluate the effectiveness of DAF for cleaning the water polluted by the Samarco tailings dam leakage and determine the ability of DAF to reduce the water turbidity from 358 NTU to values below 100 NTU, aiming to comply with current legislation...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781284/opioid-prescription-among-sinus-surgeons
#7
Khashayar Arianpour, Brandon Nguyen, Brian Yuhan, Peter F Svider, Jean Anderson Eloy, Adam J Folbe
Background Misuse and diversion of opioids have contributed to the U.S. opioid crisis, making an understanding of specialty-specific and procedure-specific trends essential. Objective The objective of this analysis was to evaluate nationwide trends in opioid prescribing patterns among sinus surgeons performing functional endoscopic sinus surgery and maxillary sinus balloon dilation, specifically examining factors associated with variations. Methods High-volume sinus surgeons were identified through the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services database and cross-referenced against prescriptions to Medicare Part D beneficiaries during 2013 through 2015...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781219/disentangling-the-effects-of-acidic-air-pollution-atmospheric-co-2-and-climate-change-on-recent-growth-of-red-spruce-trees-in-the-central-appalachian-mountains
#8
Justin M Mathias, Richard B Thomas
In the 45 years after legislation of the Clean Air Act, there has been tremendous progress in reducing acidic air pollutants in the eastern United States, yet limited evidence exists that cleaner air has improved forest health. Here, we investigate the influence of recent environmental changes on the growth and physiology of red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) trees, a key indicator species of forest health, spanning three locations along a 100 km transect in the Central Appalachian Mountains. We incorporated a multiproxy approach using 75-year tree ring chronologies of basal tree growth, carbon isotope discrimination (∆13 C, a proxy for leaf gas exchange), and δ15 N (a proxy for ecosystem N status) to examine tree and ecosystem level responses to environmental change...
May 20, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779546/state-legislative-approach-to-enumerating-behavioral-health-workforce-shortages-lessons-learned-in-new-mexico
#9
Deborah B Altschul, Caroline A Bonham, Martha J Faulkner, Amy W Farnbach Pearson, Jessica Reno, Wayne Lindstrom, Shelley M Alonso-Marsden, Annette Crisanti, Julie G Salvador, Richard Larson
Nationally, the behavioral health workforce is in crisis because of a lack of resources, culturally responsive services, quality clinical supervision, sufficient training in evidence-based practices, and targeted recruitment and retention. Disparities in access to behavioral health care are particularly significant in New Mexico, where 25% of the population live in rural areas, and behavioral health shortages are among the highest in the nation. Additionally, as a Medicaid expansion state, New Mexico providers experience increased demand for services at a time when the state is challenged with limited workforce capacity...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779542/improving-data-for-behavioral-health-workforce-planning-development-of-a-minimum-data-set
#10
Angela J Beck, Phillip M Singer, Jessica Buche, Ronald W Manderscheid, Peter Buerhaus
The behavioral health workforce, which encompasses a broad range of professions providing prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation services for mental health conditions and substance use disorders, is in the midst of what is considered by many to be a workforce crisis. The workforce shortage can be attributed to both insufficient numbers and maldistribution of workers, leaving some communities with no behavioral health providers. In addition, demand for behavioral health services has increased more rapidly as a result of federal legislation over the past decade supporting mental health and substance use parity and by healthcare reform...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778769/mandatory-review-of-a-prescription-drug-monitoring-program-and-impact-on-opioid-and-benzodiazepine-dispensing
#11
Erin L Winstanley, Yifan Zhang, Rebecca Mashni, Sydney Schnee, Jonathan Penm, Jill Boone, Cameron McNamee, Neil J MacKinnon
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine whether Ohio House Bill 341, which mandated the use of Ohio's Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP), was an effective regulatory strategy to reduce opioid and benzodiazepine dispensing. METHOD: Secondary analysis of Ohio's PDMP data on prescription opioids and benzodiazepines dispensed from November 2014 to March 2017. An interrupted time series analysis was conducted to determine if there was a significant change in the quantity of opioids and benzodiazepines dispensed...
May 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778681/portable-x-ray-fluorescence-for-the-detection-of-pop-bfrs-in-waste-plastics
#12
Martin Sharkey, Mohamed Abou-Elwafa Abdallah, Daniel S Drage, Stuart Harrad, Harald Berresheim
The purpose of this study was to establish the efficacy of portable X-ray fluorescence (XRF) instrumentation as a screening tool for a variety of end of life plastics which may contain excess amounts of brominated flame retardants (BFRs), in compliance with European Union (EU) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) legislative limits (low POP concentration limits - LPCLs). 555 samples of waste plastics were collected from eight waste and recycling sites in Ireland, including waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), textiles, polyurethane foams (PUFs), and expanded polystyrene foams...
May 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778675/groundwater-contamination-and-land-drainage-induce-divergent-responses-in-boreal-spring-ecosystems
#13
Kaisa Lehosmaa, Jussi Jyväsjärvi, Jari Ilmonen, Pekka M Rossi, Lauri Paasivirta, Timo Muotka
Degradation of freshwater ecosystems has engendered legislative mandates for the protection and management of surface waters while groundwater-dependent ecosystems (GDEs) have received much less attention. This is so despite biodiversity and functioning of GDEs are currently threatened by several anthropogenic stressors, particularly intensified land use and groundwater contamination. We assessed the impacts of land drainage (increased input of dissolved organic carbon, DOC, from peatland drainage) and impaired groundwater chemical quality (NO3 - -N enrichment from agricultural or urban land use) on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in 20 southern Finnish cold-water springs using several taxonomic and functional measures...
May 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777966/determinants-of-choice-of-delivery-place-testing-rational-choice-theory-and-habitus-theory
#14
Anja Broda, Juliane Krüger, Stephanie Schinke, Andreas Weber
OBJECTIVE: The current study uses two antipodal social science theories, the rational choice theory and the habitus theory, and applies these to describe how women choose between intraclinical (i.e., hospital-run birth clinics) and extraclinical (i.e., midwife-led birth centres or home births) delivery places. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey among 189 women. A list of 22 determinants, conceptualized to capture the two theoretical concepts, were rated on a 7-point Likert scale with 1 = unimportant to 7 = very important...
May 7, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777938/austrian-firearm-legislation-and-its-effects-on-suicide-and-homicide-mortality-a-natural-quasi-experiment-amidst-the-global-economic-crisis
#15
Daniel König, Patrick Swoboda, Robert J Cramer, Christoph Krall, Vita Postuvan, Nestor D Kapusta
BACKGROUND: Restriction of access to suicide methods has been shown to effectively reduce suicide mortality rates. AIMS: To examine how the global economic crisis of 2008 and the firearm legislation reform of 1997 affected suicide and homicide mortality rate within Austria. METHODS: Official data for the years 1985-2016 for firearm certificates, suicide, homicide, unemployment rates and alcohol consumption were examined using auto regressive error and Poisson regression models...
May 16, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777898/a-survey-of-health-professionals-views-on-acceptable-gestational-age-and-termination-of-pregnancy-for-fetal-anomaly
#16
Lisa Crowe, Ruth H Graham, Stephen C Robson, Judith Rankin
Termination of pregnancy for fetal anomaly is legal in the UK with no upper limit, if two doctors, in good faith, agree "there is a substantial risk that if the child were born it would suffer from such physical or mental abnormalities as to be seriously handicapped". This is Clause E of the Human Fertlisation and Embryology Act. The most commonly sighted Clause is C, which states "the pregnancy has not exceeded its twenty-fourth week and that the continuance of the pregnancy would involve risk, greater than if the pregnancy were terminated, of injury to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman"...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777601/-informed-consent-something-unresolved-in-the-penitentiary-setting
#17
Julio García Guerrero
INTRODUCTION: The exercise of Informed Consent within the penitentiary environment contradicts the ordinary exercise of the same towards the rest of the population. METHODOLOGY: review of legal regulations and constitutional doctrine on IC. Review of the judicial outcomes when a prisoner refuses medical treatment. RESULTS: Normative on IC (Ley 41/2002 y Convenio de Oviedo, Spanish legal framework): with the exception of cases in which IC cannot be taken or under the risk of causong damage to third parties, competent and capable persons can decide over their life and health, and such decisions need to be respected...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777325/developing-an-interactive-data-visualization-tool-to-assess-the-impact-of-decision-support-on-clinical-operations
#18
Timothy C Huber, Arun Krishnaraj, Dayna Monaghan, Cree M Gaskin
Due to mandates from recent legislation, clinical decision support (CDS) software is being adopted by radiology practices across the country. This software provides imaging study decision support for referring providers at the point of order entry. CDS systems produce a large volume of data, providing opportunities for research and quality improvement. In order to better visualize and analyze trends in this data, an interactive data visualization dashboard was created using a commercially available data visualization platform...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777064/dangerous-dogs-legislation-to-be-scrutinised
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776978/ethical-arguments-for-access-to-abortion-services-in-the-republic-of-ireland-recent-developments-in-the-public-discourse
#20
Joan McCarthy, Katherine O'Donnell, Louise Campbell, Dolores Dooley
The Republic of Ireland has some of the most restrictive abortion legislation in the world which grants to the 'unborn' an equal right to life to that of the pregnant woman. This article outlines recent developments in the public discourse on abortion in Ireland and explains the particular cultural and religious context that informs the ethical case for access to abortion services. Our perspective rests on respect for two very familiar moral principles - autonomy and justice - which are at the centre of social and democratic societies around the world...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
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