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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102591/hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemia-in-beckwith-wiedemann-sotos-and-kabuki-syndromes-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#1
Naoko Toda, Kenji Ihara, Kanako Kojima-Ishii, Masayuki Ochiai, Kazuhiro Ohkubo, Yutaka Kawamoto, Yoshinori Kohno, Sakae Kumasaka, Akihiko Kawase, Yasuhisa Ueno, Takeshi Futatani, Tokuo Miyazawa, Yuko Nagaoki, Setsuko Nakata, Maiko Misaki, Hiroko Arai, Masahiko Kawai, Maki Sato, Yukari Yada, Nobuhiro Takahashi, Atsushi Komatsu, Kanemasa Maki, Shinichi Watabe, Yutaka Sumida, Makoto Kuwashima, Hiroshi Mizumoto, Kazuo Sato, Toshiro Hara
Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS) is a congenital overgrowth syndrome that is occasionally associated with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (HH) in the neonatal period. Sotos syndrome (SS) and Kabuki syndrome (KS) are other malformation syndromes that may be complicated with HH, however, the detailed clinical characteristics of HH accompanied with these syndromes remain unclear. We herein conducted a nationwide questionnaire survey in Japan. We sent a primary questionnaire concerning the clinical experience for these syndromes to 347 perinatal care institutions...
February 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100323/-high-risk-factors-and-clinical-characteristics-of-massive-pulmonary-hemorrhage-in-infants-with-extremely-low-birth-weight
#2
Dan Chen, Meng Wang, Xin Wang, Xue-Wei Ding, Rui-Hua Ba, Jian Mao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the high-risk factors and analyze the clinical characteristics of massive pulmonary hemorrhage (MPH) in infants with extremely low birth weight (ELBW). METHODS: Two hundred and eleven ELBW infants were included in this study. Thirty-five ELBW infants who were diagnosed with MPH were labelled as the MPH group, and 176 ELBW infants without pulmonary hemorrhage were labelled as the control group. The differences in clinical characteristics, mortality rate, and incidence of complications between the two groups were analysed...
January 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099725/maternal-and-newborn-outcomes-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-lusaka-zambia-2008-2012
#3
Bellington Vwalika, Marie C D Stoner, Mulindi Mwanahamuntu, K Cherry Liu, Eugene Kaunda, Getrude G Tshuma, Somwe W Somwe, Yusuf Ahmed, Elizabeth M Stringer, Jeffrey S A Stringer, Benjamin H Chi
OBJECTIVE: To measure key obstetric and neonatal outcomes recorded at a tertiary hospital in Zambia over a 5-year period. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted among women who had delivered at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2012. Data were extracted from electronic medical records. The main outcomes were maternal mortality, cesarean delivery, prenatal or intrapartum hemorrhage, stillbirth, a 5-minute Apgar score of less than 7, and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099698/safety-of-vaginal-delivery-among-dichorionic-diamniotic-twins-over-10%C3%A2-years-in-a-uk-teaching-hospital
#4
Ewelina Rzyska, Bini Ajay, Edwin Chandraharan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether vaginal delivery among dichorionic diamniotic twins remains a safe option following full implementation of the European Working Time Directive in the UK. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using data for women with dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies who attended a teaching hospital in London, UK, for delivery between January 4, 2000, and December 23, 2010. RESULTS: Among 892 women, 474 (53.1%) attempted vaginal delivery, 220 (46...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098688/the-2017-virginia-apgar-collection-part-i-analgesic-innovations
#5
Jill M Mhyre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098607/col%C3%A3-n-morales-and-his-apgar-score-timing-units
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093112/clinical-indicators-of-blood-gas-disturbances-elevated-l-lactate-concentration-and-other-abnormal-blood-parameters-in-newborn-beef-calves
#7
E R Homerosky, N A Caulkett, E Timsit, E A Pajor, J P Kastelic, M C Windeyer
Blood gas disturbances, commonly resulting from dystocia, are associated with failed transfer of passive immunity, morbidity and mortality in newborn calves. Modified APGAR scores intended to identify compromised calves are not widely adopted due to lack of practicality and inconsistent associations with blood parameters. The objective of this study was to determine clinical indicators of acidemia in newborn beef calves. Blood parameters at 10 min and 24 h after birth were compared to at-birth clinical examination parameters and calving characteristics in 77 commercial beef calves...
January 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091647/phytosterol-nutritional-supplement-improves-pregnancy-and-neonatal-complications-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-double-blind-and-placebo-controlled-clinical-study
#8
Fang Gao, Guangya Wang, Linxia Wang, Ningning Guo
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an increasingly serious health problem among pregnant women. Phytosterol-enriched spreads are known to reduce total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL), but little is known about their effects on GDM. We aimed to examine the effect of the daily consumption of phytosterol-enriched spreads on both the maternal and neonatal outcomes of GDM patients. GDM patients during the third trimester of pregnancy were enrolled and assigned randomly to consume a regular spread or phytosterol-enriched spread daily until the end of their pregnancy...
January 16, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079866/outcomes-of-twin-pregnancies-complicated-by-gestational-diabetes-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#9
R T McGrath, S L Hocking, E S Scott, S K Seeho, G R Fulcher, S J Glastras
OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in singleton pregnancy is associated with large for gestational age neonates and adverse perinatal outcomes; however, the impact of GDM in twin pregnancy is unclear. Thus, the aim of this study is to assess the perinatal outcomes of twin pregnancies complicated by GDM by performing a meta-analysis of observational studies. STUDY DESIGN: Studies investigating GDM in twin pregnancy were identified through an online search of three databases: Medline, Embase and Web of Science...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079822/successfully-treated-congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-by-open-fetal-surgery-a-care-compliant-case-report-of-a-5-year-follow-up-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Dazhi Fan, Shuzhen Wu, Rui Wang, Yi Huang, Yao Fu, Wen Ai, Meng Zeng, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
BACKGROUND: Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is a rare hamartomatous cystic lesion. Open fetal surgery currently provides a potential therapeutic option for management of a fetus with CCAM diagnosis. CASE SUMMARY: A 22-year-old G2P0 woman presented at (Equation is included in full-text article.)weeks' gestation for evaluation of a fetus with a left lung lesion and diagnosed as CCAM at (Equation is included in full-text article.)weeks' gestation...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076828/perinatal-risk-factors-for-low-and-moderate-five-minute-apgar-scores-at-term
#11
Shimona Lai, Christopher Flatley, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the specific maternal and perinatal variables associated with a low (≤3) or moderate (4-6) Apgar score, compared to a high (≥7) score. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective, cohort study of 58429 term singleton babies born at the Mater Mother's Hospital in Brisbane, Australia in 2007-2013. Maternal demographics, socio-economic status using the Australian Socioeconomic Index for Areas (SEIFA) score, obstetric factors, and birth outcomes were compared for neonates grouped into three categories based on their five-minute Apgar: low (≤3), moderate (4-6) and high (≥7)...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074994/-normoglycemic-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-pregnancy-report-of-one-case
#12
Margarita Rivas M, Pamela Belmar Z, Pilar Durruty A, Lilian Sanhueza M, Gloria López S
Normoglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis should be suspected in pregnant women presenting nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and anorexia. We report a 39 years old woman with a 32 weeks pregnancy who sought emergency care due to hyperemesis. She was hospitalized with the following diagnoses: pregnancy hypertension syndrome, gestational diabetes, morbid obesity and poor prenatal control. The evaluation of the feto-placental unit showed perception of fetal movements, non-reactive non-stress baseline record and a biophysical profile of 6/8...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065256/a-newborn-infant-with-oxygen-desaturation-during-sleep
#13
Ashley Deschamp, Ameet Daftary
The patient is a 1-week-old boy born at 37+2 weeks' gestational age through spontaneous vaginal delivery. The pregnancy was complicated by maternal gestational diabetes mellitus and pre-eclampsia. The Apgar score was 9 at both 1 minute and 5 minutes after birth. Because of hypoglycemia at delivery that required IV dextrose, he was admitted to the local neonatal intensive care unit. His blood glucose levels quickly stabilized, dextrose administration was discontinued, and the patient began breast-feeding. On day 2 of life, the patient began having intermittent oxygen desaturation, with oxygen saturation as measured by pulse oximetry down to 70% while sleeping; he was transferred to a tertiary-care NICU for further management...
January 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054355/evaluation-of-the-surgical-apgar-score-in-patients-undergoing-ivor-lewis-esophagectomy
#14
Simon Strøyer, Teit Mantoni, Lars Bo Svendsen
BACKGROUND: The Surgical Apgar Score is a simple outcome score based on intraoperative parameters. The scoring system is recently validated in patients undergoing esophagectomy but without comparable results. This study evaluated the ability of the original and modified Surgical Apgar Scores to predict major complications in a patient population undergoing Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 234 patients who successfully underwent Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy at Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen from November 23, 2011 till November 23, 2014...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051172/therapeutic-hypothermia-for-neonatal-encephalopathy-a-report-from-the-first-3-years-of-the-baby-cooling-registry-of-japan
#15
Kennosuke Tsuda, Takeo Mukai, Sachiko Iwata, Jun Shibasaki, Takuya Tokuhisa, Tomoaki Ioroi, Hiroyuki Sano, Nanae Yutaka, Akihito Takahashi, Akihito Takeuchi, Toshiki Takenouchi, Yuko Araki, Hisanori Sobajima, Masanori Tamura, Shigeharu Hosono, Makoto Nabetani, Osuke Iwata
Therapeutic hypothermia is recommended for moderate and severe neonatal encephalopathy, but is being applied to a wider range of neonates than originally envisaged. To examine the clinical use of therapeutic hypothermia, data collected during the first 3 years (2012-2014) of the Baby Cooling Registry of Japan were analysed. Of 485 cooled neonates, 96.5% were ≥36 weeks gestation and 99.4% weighed ≥1,800 g. Severe acidosis (pH < 7 or base deficit ≥16 mmol/L) was present in 68.9%, and 96.7% required resuscitation for >10 min...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050900/planned-early-birth-versus-expectant-management-waiting-for-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes-at-term-37-weeks-or-more
#16
REVIEW
Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd, Vicki Flenady, Rosemary D McBain, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Prelabour rupture of membranes (PROM) at term is managed expectantly or by planned early birth. It is not clear if waiting for birth to occur spontaneously is better than intervening, e.g. by inducing labour. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to assess the effects of planned early birth (immediate intervention or intervention within 24 hours) when compared with expectant management (no planned intervention within 24 hours) for women with term PROM on maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes...
January 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050462/to-study-the-correlation-of-thompson-scoring-in-predicting-early-neonatal-outcome-in-post-asphyxiated-term-neonates
#17
Dalip Kumar Bhagwani, Manisha Sharma, Stanzin Dolker, Sharada Kothapalli
INTRODUCTION: Throughout the world each year, an estimated 23% of the 4 million neonatal deaths and 8% of all deaths in <5 years of age are associated with signs of asphyxia at birth. AIM: To study the role of cord arterial blood gas analysis at birth and serial Thompson score in predicting the early neonatal outcome in post asphyxiated term neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in Department of Paediatrics, in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Hindu Rao Hospital, New Delhi from May 2014 to February...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049817/global-urban-signatures-of-phenotypic-change-in-animal-and-plant-populations
#18
Marina Alberti, Cristian Correa, John M Marzluff, Andrew P Hendry, Eric P Palkovacs, Kiyoko M Gotanda, Victoria M Hunt, Travis M Apgar, Yuyu Zhou
Humans challenge the phenotypic, genetic, and cultural makeup of species by affecting the fitness landscapes on which they evolve. Recent studies show that cities might play a major role in contemporary evolution by accelerating phenotypic changes in wildlife, including animals, plants, fungi, and other organisms. Many studies of ecoevolutionary change have focused on anthropogenic drivers, but none of these studies has specifically examined the role that urbanization plays in ecoevolution or explicitly examined its mechanisms...
January 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048011/tu-fg-209-08-distribution-of-the-deviation-index-di-in-digital-radiography-practices-across-the-united-states
#19
A Jones, J Dave, R Fisher, K Hulme, L Rill, D Zamora, A Woodward, S Brady, R MacDougall, L Goldman, S Lang, D Peck, B Apgar, S Shepard, R Uzenoff, C Willis
PURPOSE: To characterize the distribution of the deviation index (DI) in digital radiography practices across the United States. METHODS: DI data was obtained from 10 collaborating institutions in the United States between 2012 and 2015. Each institution complied with the requirements of the Institutional Review Board at their site. DI data from radiographs of the body parts chest, abdomen, pelvis and extremity were analyzed for anteroposterior, posteroanterior, lateral, and decubitus views...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044196/maternal-fasting-glycemia-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-a-mediterranean-population
#20
G Sesmilo, E Meler, V Perea, I Rodríguez, A Rodríguez-Melcón, M Guerrero, B Serra
AIMS: The hyperglycemia and adverse pregnancy outcome study demonstrated a continuous association between fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels below those diagnostic of diabetes and adverse neonatal outcomes. We aimed to investigate whether the same association was found in a Mediterranean population. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of singleton pregnancies attended at our Hospital between 2008 and 2015 (n = 5203). FPG was evaluated in the second trimester, and it was divided into 7 categories (1 < 75, 2 75-79, 3 80-84, 4 85-89, 5 90-94, 6 95-99 and 7 100-124 mg/dL)...
January 3, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
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