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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222428/neonatal-and-maternal-short-term-outcome-parameters-in-instrument-assisted-vaginal-delivery-compared-to-second-stage-cesarean-section-in-labour-a-retrospective-11-year-analysis
#1
Moritz Polkowski, Elna Kuehnle, Cordula Schippert, Sudip Kundu, Peter Hillemanns, Ismini Staboulidou
BACKGROUND: This study is aimed at comparing the neonatal and maternal short-term outcomes after instrumental-assisted vaginal delivery and cesarean section (CS) in labour. METHODS: This retrospective study over a period of 11 years included singleton pregnancies above 34 + 0 gestational weeks, giving birth either by instrumental-assisted delivery or CS in labour. Maternal and neonatal outcome parameters were analysed using t test or linear regression. RESULTS: A total of 1,971/2,571 deliveries were included for analysis: 149 forceps-, 393 vacuum-assisted deliveries and 1,420 CS in labour...
February 22, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220407/favourable-outcome-in-two-pregnancies-in-a-patient-with-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coa-lyase-deficiency
#2
David Santosa, Markus G Donner, Stephan Vom Dahl, Markus Fleisch, Thomas Hoehn, Ertan Mayatepek, Katrin Heldt, Tim Niehues, Dieter Häussinger
In patients with 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl(HMG)-CoA lyase deficiency (OMIM 246450), five pregnancies have been described worldwide, which were either terminated or resulted in severe metabolic sequelae during pregnancy or delivery. Here, we report on a patient with HMG-CoA lyase deficiency, who underwent two uncomplicated pregnancies. The 19-year-old patient was admitted because of recurrent vomiting and nausea. Diagnostics revealed pregnancy at week 8 of gestation. Metabolic analyses revealed normal lactate and blood glucose levels and normal acid-base status...
February 21, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218939/assessment-of-factors-for-recruiting-and-retaining-medical-students-to-rural-communities-using-the-community-apgar-questionnaire
#3
Alex J Reed, David Schmitz, Edward Baker, James Girvan, Theodore McDonald
BACKGROUND: Rural communities throughout the United States are eager to recruit and retain family physicians. This study examined factors that may contribute to a medical student's decision to consider rural family medicine practice using the Community Apgar Questionnaire (CAQ). METHODS: Third- and fourth-year medical students from 10 medical schools responded to a survey of 62 identified factors deemed to be present when assessing the strengths and challenges of recruiting family physicians to rural communities...
February 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218212/laryngeal-mask-airway-for-cesarean-delivery-a-5-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Zhi-Yu Geng, Dong-Xin Wang
BACKGROUND: The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is the most commonly used rescue airway in obstetric anesthesia. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the application of the LMA in parturients undergoing cesarean delivery (CD) for 5 years in our hospital. As a secondary objective, we investigated the incidence of airway-related complication in obstetric general anesthesia (GA). METHODS: We collected electronic data for all obstetric patients who received GA for CD between January 2010 and December 2014 in Peking University First Hospital...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216258/review-systematic-review-of-the-utility-of-the-fetal-cerebroplacental-ratio-measured-at-term-for-the-prediction-of-adverse-perinatal-outcome
#5
REVIEW
Liam Dunn, Helen Sherrell, Sailesh Kumar
AIM: This systematic review evaluates the utility of the fetal cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) when assessed at term (from 37 + 0 weeks gestation) as a predictor of adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes. DATA SOURCES AND SEARCH STRATEGY: An electronic search of Pubmed and Embase using variations of 'cerebroplacental ratio' and 'cerebroumbilical ratio' was conducted by two independent reviewers. Full text studies written in English that reported on low CPR and its correlation with relevant obstetric and perinatal outcomes were included...
February 12, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214215/immunoexpression-of-gadd45%C3%AE-in-the-myocardium-of-newborns-experiencing-perinatal-hypoxia
#6
Mona Adalgisa Simões, Francisco Cesar Pabis, Ana Karyn Ehrenfried de Freitas, Marina Luise Viola de Azevedo, Daiane Cristine Martins Ronchi, Lucia de Noronha
AIM: Among the several organs affected by perinatal hypoxia, the heart plays a central role, with cell death caused mainly by apoptosis. One of the biomarkers most often linked to hypoxia-derived apoptosis of cardiomyocytes in animals is Gadd45β. From the published literature, Gadd45β is proposed as a biomarker of hypoxia-induced lesion in cardiomyocytes, both in vitro, as well as in animal models. Our study suggests that this protein can be used as an early biomarker of cell damage in neonate's cardiomyocytes (humans specimens), a process that can ultimately lead to apoptosis...
January 31, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211647/clinical-characteristics-predicting-abnormal-brain-magnetic-resonance-image-findings-in-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-infants
#7
Sook K Yum, Cheong-Jun Moon, Young-Ah Youn, In K Sung
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to elucidate the specific clinical characteristics associated with abnormal brain magnetic resonance image(MRI) findings in hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy(HIE) infants in order to discern how to predict poorer outcomes more accurately. METHODS: A retrospective data analysis of HIE infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital was performed. Baseline perinatal information and physical and neurological findings were compared in HIE infants according to the presence of abnormal brain MRI findings...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210092/first-successful-perinatal-management-of-pregnancy-after-abo-incompatible-liver-transplantation
#8
Hisanobu Higashi, Hideaki Obara, Kei Miyakoshi, Masahiro Shinoda, Minoru Kitago, Naoki Shimojima, Yuta Abe, Taizo Hibi, Hiroshi Yagi, Kentaro Matsubara, Yohei Yamada, Osamu Itano, Ken Hoshino, Tatsuo Kuroda, Yuko Kitagawa
Many papers have reported on pregnancy and delivery after liver transplantation, but there have been no reports on pregnancy after ABO-incompatible liver transplantation. This paper reports the first successful pregnancy and delivery of a newborn after ABO-incompatible liver transplantation for fulminant hepatic failure. The patient was a 39-year-old female. She had an ABO-incompatible liver transplantation, donated from her husband, due to subacute fulminant hepatitis of unknown etiology. She was taking tacrolimus, methylprednisolone, and mizoribine orally for the maintenance of immunosuppression at the time of discharge...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210010/evaluation-and-treatment-of-anemia-in-premature-infants
#9
Edo Hasanbegovic, Nermana Cengic, Snijezana Hasanbegovic, Jasmina Heljic, Ismail Lutolli, Edin Begic
INTRODUCTION: Anemia in preterm infants is the pathophysiological process with greater and more rapid decline in hemoglobin compared to the physiological anemia in infants. There is a need for transfusions and administration of human recombinant erythropoietin. AIM: To determine the frequency of anemia in premature infants at the Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Center Sarajevo, as well as parameter values in the blood count of premature infants and to explore a relationship between blood transfusions with the advent of intraventricular hemorrhage (determine treatment outcome in preterm infants)...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209547/pregnancy-after-urinary-diversion-at-young-ages-risks-and-outcome
#10
N Huck, S Schweizerhof, P Honeck, A Neisius, J Thüroff, R Stein
OBJECTIVE: To assess the urological and obstetric outcomes during and after pregnancy following urinary diversion (UD) performed during childhood or adolescence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From our urinary diversion database, we identified 25 females who became pregnant between 1981 and 2013. Reasons for urinary diversion were neurogenic bladder, exstrophy, trauma, sinus urogenitalis and interstitial cystitis. 17 had continent cutaneous diversion, 4 continent anal diversion and 4 colonic conduit...
February 13, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208945/perinatal-outcome-of-second-twin-with-respect-to-mode-of-delivery-an-observational-study
#11
Rujul Rashmin Jhaveri, Trupti K Nadkarni
INTRODUCTION: With the advent of assisted reproductive techniques, multi-fetal pregnancies are on the rise. While caesarean section is the defined mode of delivery for triplets and higher order pregnancies, the picture for twin delivery is not so clear. While a trial for vaginal delivery is attempted, the second twin is considered vulnerable to complications. Whether this translates into worsened perinatal outcomes is not well defined. AIM: To study the perinatal outcome and to identify the various factors influencing the perinatal outcome of second twin with respect to mode of delivery...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208944/the-effect-of-fetal-gender-on-the-delivery-outcome-in-primigravidae-women-with-induced-labours-for-all-indications
#12
Angeliki Antonakou, Dimitrios Papoutsis
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing evidence of a gender-related phenomenon where the presence of a male fetus may have an adverse effect on the outcome of pregnancy. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of fetal gender on the delivery outcome in primigravidae women with induced labours. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an observational cohort study of primigravidae women who had Induction Of Labour (IOL) for all indications during a two-year period...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207443/the-2017-virginia-apgar-collection-part-ii-maternal-safety-and-abstract-reasoning
#13
Brian T Bateman, Richard Smiley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204882/comparison-between-vaginal-and-sublingual-misoprostol-50%C3%A2-%C3%A2%C2%B5g-for-cervical-ripening-prior-to-induction-of-labor-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Andrés Conde, Sebastián Ben, Josefina Tarigo, Santiago Artucio, Virginia Varela, Pamela Grimaldi, Claudio Sosa, Justo Alonso
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness and safety of sublingual versus vaginal misoprostol on improving the Bishop score after 6 h of administration. METHODS: Randomized clinical trial which includes pregnant women in gestational ages from 32/0 to 41/6, with indication of induction of labor with misoprostol. Bishop score was assessed at the time of induction and 6 h after administration of 50 µg misoprostol. Analysis was made over difference in mean Bishop score of 2 points, using a standard deviation of 2, with 90% power, reaching a 95% confidence interval...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203330/risk-factors-for-health-care-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#15
Sabahattin Ertugrul, Fesih Aktar, Ilyas Yolbas, Ahmet Yilmaz, Bilal Elbey, Ahmet Yildirim, Kamil Yilmaz, Recep Tekin
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated bloodstream infections (HCA-BSI) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the causative organisms and risk factors of HCA-BSIs in NICUs. METHODS: This study was performed between January 2011 and December 2014 in the neonatal intensive care unit of Dicle university, Turkey. The study consisted of 126 patients (infected group) with positive blood culture and 126 randomly selected patients (uninfected control group) with negative blood culture after four days of hospitalization...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191626/intermittent-auscultation-ia-of-fetal-heart-rate-in-labour-for-fetal-well-being
#16
REVIEW
Ruth Martis, Ova Emilia, Detty S Nurdiati, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: The goal of fetal monitoring in labour is the early detection of a hypoxic baby. There are a variety of tools and methods available for intermittent auscultation (IA) of the fetal heart rate (FHR). Low- and middle-income countries usually have only access to a Pinard/Laënnec or the use of a hand-held Doppler device. Currently, there is no robust evidence to guide clinical practice on the most effective IA tool to use, timing intervals and length of listening to the fetal heart for women during established labour...
February 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186614/decline-in-stillbirths-and-perinatal-mortality-after-implementation-of-a-more-aggressive-induction-policy-in-post-date-pregnancies-a-nationwide-register-study
#17
Anne R Zizzo, Ida Kirkegaard, Anja Pinborg, Niels Ulbjerg
INTRODUCTION: In 2011 the Danish national guidelines were changed towards a more aggressive induction and fetal surveillance policy from 1) induction of labor at gestational age (GA) of 42(+0) weeks and 2) no fetal surveillance after 40(+0) to 1) induction of labor between 41(+2) -41(+6) , 2) earlier induction at 41(+0) weeks in case of maternal age > 40 years or body mass index (BMI) > 35 kg/m(2) and 3) fetal surveillance at GA 41(+0) . MATERIAL AND METHODS: This national cohort study included all pregnancies that reached 41(+0) weeks of gestation from 2008 to 2014 (N=102 167)...
February 10, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183504/a-6-month-old-infant-with-different-capnography-values-in-polysomnography
#18
Lourdes M DelRosso, Pacifico Palacay, Ngoc P Ly
A 6-month-old infant with a past medical history of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy was referred for evaluation of snoring. She was born at 41 weeks' gestational age to a 25-year-old gravida 1, para 1 mother via vacuum-assisted delivery due to cardiac decelerations. The infant's Apgar scores were 1, 4, and 6 with nuchal cord and meconium at delivery. She was started on positive-pressure ventilation but eventually required intubation at approximately 40 minutes of life. Brain MRI showed abnormal areas of restricted diffusion, involving the corpus callosum, bilateral posterior limb of the internal capsules, and possible scattered areas of frontal and occipital lobe cortices...
February 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182668/cross-sectional-study-of-mode-of-delivery-and-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-mainland-china
#19
Lei Hou, Susan Hellerstein, Allison Vitonis, Liying Zou, Yan Ruan, Xin Wang, Weiyuan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery (CD) rates have risen globally with nearly 50% of the non-indicated CDs worldwide in China and Brazil. In China's One Child Policy era (1979-2015) most deliveries were women having their only child. Family size is a major determinant of the safety of medically non-indicated CD or CD on maternal request. The goal of this study is to document CD rates, indications, and analyze the relative safety of non-indicated CD compared to SVD and intrapartum CD. METHODS: Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses of the association between mode of delivery and short-term maternal and perinatal outcomes were performed on a cross-section of all deliveries at 39 hospitals in 14 provinces of China in 2011, presented as adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 99% confidence intervals (CI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181995/is-the-bishop-score-significant-in-predicting-the-success-of-labor-induction-in-multiparous-women
#20
D Navve, N Orenstein, R Ribak, Y Daykan, G Shechter-Maor, T Biron-Shental
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Bishop-score upon admission effects mode of delivery, maternal or neonatal outcomes of labor induction in multiparous women. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study including 600 multiparous women with a singleton pregnancy, 34 gestational weeks and above who underwent labor induction for maternal, fetal or combined indications. Induction was performed with one of three methods- oxytocin, a slow release vaginal prostaglandin E2 insert (10 mg dinoprostone) or a transcervical double balloon catheter...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
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