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Kei Yane, Akio Katanuma, Hiroyuki Maguchi, Kuniyuki Takahashi, Toshifumi Kin, Satoshi Ikarashi, Itsuki Sano, Hajime Yamazaki, Koh Kitagawa, Kensuke Yokoyama, Hideaki Koga, Kazumasa Nagai, Masanori Nojima
Background and study aims: Short-type single-balloon enteroscope (short SBE)-assisted endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a promising alternative treatment in postsurgical altered anatomy. However, it is technically demanding, and factors affecting its technical difficulty have not yet been clarified. This study aimed to examine the procedural success rate of short SBE-assisted ERCP and the potential factors affecting procedural failure. Patients and methods: A total of 117 consecutive patients (203 procedures) with surgically altered anatomy underwent ERCP using prototype short SBEs...
October 19, 2016: Endoscopy
Wen-Guo Chen, Guo-Dong Shan, Hong Zhang, Ming Yang, Lin L, Min Yue, Guang-Wu Chen, Qing Gu, Hua-Tuo Zhu, Guo-Qiang Xu, Li-Hua Chen
The aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic value of double-balloon entoroscopy (DBE) in small bowel diseases (SBDs) in China.A retrospective review of 674 consecutive patients who underwent DBE between January 2007 and November 2015 was conducted. Patients were divided into 3 groups by age, young group (<45 years), middle-aged group (45-65 years), and elderly group (>65 years). Data were collected with regard to demographics, clinical, endoscopic findings, complications, diagnostic yield, and management...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Pravin Rathi, Pravir Gambhire
Abdomen is involved in 11% of patients with extra-pulmonary tuberculosis; The most common site of involvement is the ileocaecal region, other locations of involvement, in order of descending frequency, are the ascending colon, jejunum, appendix, duodenum, stomach, oesophagus, sigmoid colon, and rectum. Apart from the basic work up, Investigations like CT scan, EUS, Capsule endoscopy, Balloon enteroscopy, Ascitic fluid ADA, TB-PCR, GeneXpert, Laproscopy are being increasingly used to diagnose tuberculosis.Therapy with standard antituberculous drugs is usually highly effective for intestinal TB...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Carlos García Encinas, Patricia Guzmán Rojas, Jorge Espinoza-Rios, Víctor Aguilar Sánchez, Eduar Bravo Paredes, Andrea Portocarrero, Jorge Huerta-Mercado, Jaime Cáceres Pizarro, Alejandro Bussalleu Rivera
Inflammatory bowel disease is associated with extraintestinal manifestations. Among these manifestations is the venous tromboembolism which presents a risk three times more than that presented in general population. We report the case of a 61-year-old male with a history of abdominal pain, chronic diarrhea and fever, with leukocytosis, and fecal samples containing leukocytes, partial ileal stenosis with multiple ulcers in the enteroscopy, with histologic findings compatible with Crohn's disease. The patient has a good outcome with prednisone and maintenence azathioprine, presenting at the fifth month deep venous thrombosis of both lower extremities that resolvewith anticoagulation treatment...
July 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Pratik Naik, James Wang, Michael J Brazeau, Domingo Rosario
Burkitt's lymphoma is a very aggressive type of B-cell NHL with replication approaching 100%. Primary gastrointestinal lymphoma is rare. In our case, a 24-year-old male initially presented with symptomatic anemia. He was initially evaluated with colonoscopy and EGD, both of which were unremarkable. A capsule endoscopy was then performed to further evaluate his significant anemia which revealed friable inflamed ulcerated mass in the jejunum. A push enteroscopy was then performed to obtain tissue from the jejunal mass...
2016: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Mario A Masrur, Despoina Daskalaki, Andrea Vannucchi, Siddharth N Vannemreddy, Luis F Gonzalez-Ciccarelli, Ross Rbrown, C Pier
BACKGROUND: Bleeding lesions of the small bowel are often difficult to identify due to the obscure symptomatology. Localizing these lesions requires specific techniques. The Double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) could be used to precisely localize and mark lesions, so that a minimally invasive surgical treatment could be performed. METHODS: Twenty robot-assisted small bowel procedures are presented using a combination of DBE for localization and robotic resection. RESULTS: There were 10 jejunal resections and 10 ileal resections...
October 2016: Minerva Chirurgica
Amy Tyberg, Jose Nieto, Sanjay Salgado, Kristen Weaver, Prashant Kedia, Reem Z Sharaiha, Monica Gaidhane, Michel Kahaleh
Background/Aims: Performing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients who have undergone Rouxen-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is challenging. Standard ERCP and enteroscopy-assisted ERCP are associated with limited success rates. Laparoscopy- or laparotomy-assisted ERCP yields improved efficacy rates, but with higher complication rates and costs. We present the first multicenter experience regarding the efficacy and safety of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-directed transgastric ERCP (EDGE) or EUS...
September 19, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
Keiko Saito, Tomoo Nakagawa, Hirotaka Koseki, Takashi Taida, Takehiro Sakurai, Sayuri Yoshihama, Masaya Saito, Daisuke Maruoka, Tomoaki Matsumura, Hirotsugu Watabe, Makoto Arai, Tatsuro Katsuno, Osamu Yokosuka
Here we report three cases in which the cellophane wall of the PillCam(®) patency capsule (tag-less PC), lacking a radio frequency identification tag, was retained. Case 1 A 33-year-old man with Crohn's disease (CD) who was administered the tag-less PC, subsequently underwent resection for perforated colon. We recovered the cellophane wall that could perforate the intestine and cause peritonitis. Case 2 A 34-year-old man with a recurring intestinal obstruction of unknown cause was administered the tag-less PC test...
September 17, 2016: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Ilja Tachecí, Petr Bradna, Tomáš Douda, Drahomíra Baštecká, Marcela Kopáčová, Stanislav Rejchrt, Martin Lutonský, Tomáš Soukup, Jan Bureš
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our prospective study was to define endoscopy appearance of the small bowel in healthy volunteers. METHOD: Forty-two healthy volunteers underwent wireless capsule endoscopy, clinical investigation, laboratory tests, and completed a health-status questionnaire. All subjects were available for a 36-month clinical follow-up. RESULTS: Eleven subjects (26%) had fully normal endoscopy findings. Remaining 31 persons (74%), being asymptomatic, with normal laboratory results, had some minor findings at wireless capsule endoscopy...
September 8, 2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Marcela Kopáčová, Jan Bureš, Stanislav Rejchrt, Jaroslava Vávrová, Jolana Bártová, Tomáš Soukup, Jan Tomš, Ilja Tachecí
Double balloon enteroscopy (DBE) was introduced 15 years ago. The complications of diagnostic DBE are rare, acute pancreatitis is most redoubtable one (incidence about 0.3%). Hyperamylasemia after DBE seems to be a rather common condition respectively. The most probable cause seems to be a mechanical straining of the pancreas. We tried to identify patients in a higher risk of acute pancreatitis after DBE. We investigated several laboratory markers before and after DBE (serum cathepsin B, lactoferrin, E-selectin, SPINK 1, procalcitonin, S100 proteins, alfa-1-antitrypsin, hs-CRP, malondialdehyde, serum and urine amylase and serum lipase)...
September 1, 2016: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Uri Kopylov, Dan Carter, Abraham Rami Eliakim
In approximately one-third of Crohn's disease patients, the disease is confined to the small bowel, inaccessible to the reach of standard endoscopy. Thorough and complete evaluation of the small bowel is crucial in such patients for the initial diagnosis, prognostication, and disease monitoring. Video capsule endoscopy and device-assisted enteroscopy have revolutionized the ability to visualize the small-bowel mucosa. This article reviews the literature pertaining to the use of capsule endoscopy and deep enteroscopy in established Crohn's disease, including the major indications, applications, and safety issues...
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
Sung Noh Hong, Hyun Joo Jang, Byong Duk Ye, Seong Ran Jeon, Jong Pil Im, Jae Myung Cha, Seong-Eun Kim, Soo Jung Park, Eun Ran Kim, Dong Kyung Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Various modalities have been used to diagnose Meckel's diverticulum (MD) in practice, but with their diagnostic accuracy deemed to be unsatisfactory for clinical practice. Moreover, the usefulness of these modalities has not been evaluated for the diagnosis of bleeding MD in adults, due to the relative rarity of this condition. Therefore, the aim of our multicenter study was to determine the most accurate modality for the preoperative diagnosis of bleeding MD in adults...
2016: PloS One
Kaci E Christian, Karan Kapoor, Eric M Goldberg
AIM: To evaluate the technical success, diagnostic yield (DY) and therapeutic potential of retrograde single balloon enteroscopy (rSBE). METHODS: A retrospective review of 136 rSBE procedures performed at a tertiary academic referral center from January 2006 and September 2013 was completed. Patient characteristics including age, gender and inpatient status were collected. The indication for the procedure was categorized into one of three groups: Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB), evaluation for Crohn's disease and abnormal imaging...
August 10, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
G A Watson, A Abu-Shanab, R L O'Donohoe, M Iqbal
Portal hypertension and liver cirrhosis may predispose patients to varices, which have a propensity to bleed and cause significant morbidity and mortality. These varices are most commonly located in the gastroesophageal area; however, rarely ectopic varices may develop in unusual locations outside of this region. Haemorrhage from these sites can be massive and difficult to control; thus early detection and management may be lifesaving. We present a case of occult gastrointestinal bleeding in a patient with underlying alcoholic liver disease where an ectopic varix was ultimately detected with push enteroscopy...
2016: Case Reports in Hepatology
Zibing Woodward, J Lucas Williams, Amnon Sonnenberg
BACKGROUND: The number of procedures utilized in the general management of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) has not been investigated previously. We used the National Endoscopic Database of the Clinical Outcomes Research Initiative for an observational study to analyze the average length of workup in GIB. METHODS: The electronic database was queried for all patients aged 18 years and older who underwent an endoscopic evaluation for any bleeding indication between 2000 and 2014...
October 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Sebastian Gómez-Galán, Manuel Santiago Mosquera-Paz, Jorge Ceballos, Paola Andrea Cifuentes-Grillo, Laura Gutiérrez-Soriano
BACKGROUND: Lymphangiomas are a heterogeneous group of congenital vascular malformations characterized by cystic dilation of lymphatic vessels. They can occur at any age, but they are more common during childhood and in cutaneous localizations. Hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the gastrointestinal tract are very uncommon. Most are asymptomatic and diagnosis is often made as an incidental finding during endoscopy. On rare occasions the initial manifestation can be chronic anemia due to low grade gastrointestinal bleeding...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Asuka Nagura, Masanao Nakamura, Osamu Watanabe, Takeshi Yamamura, Kohei Funasaka, Eizaburo Ohno, Ryoji Miyahara, Hiroki Kawashima, Shuji Koyama, Tomoki Hinami, Hidemi Goto, Yoshiki Hirooka
UNLABELLED: Double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) is useful for the diagnosis and treatment of small bowel diseases. Although fluoroscopy is used to confirm the position of endoscope at DBE, the endoscopist does not have the knowledge with regard to the radiation exposure dose. In this study, we evaluated the absorbed dose during DBE in patients with suspected or established small bowel diseases. This was a retrospective study in which the estimated fluoroscopic radiation absorbed doses loaded on the small bowel and skin were determined according to the data of the referential X-ray experiment with a human body phantom...
August 2016: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
Tsunetaka Arai, Ken Takeuchi, Miyuki Miyamura, Rumiko Ishikawa, Akihiro Yamada, Masao Katsumata, Yoshinori Igarashi, Yasuo Suzuki
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Previous studies have not found a correlation between fecal level of calprotectin and small bowel Crohn's disease (CD). However, these studies evaluated patients mainly by ileocolonoscopy, which views up to only the terminal ileum rather than entire small intestine. We investigated whether level of fecal calprotectin (FC) is a marker of active CD of the small bowel, identified by balloon-assisted enteroscopy and computed tomography enterography (CTE). METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 123 patients with CD (35 with ileitis, 72 with ileocolitis, and 16 with colitis) evaluated by balloon-assisted enteroscopy from May 2012 through July 2015 at Toho University Sakura Medical Centre in Japan...
August 23, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Kirbylee K Nelson, Seth Lipka, Ashley H Davis-Yadley, Andrea C Rodriguez, Vignesh Doraiswamy, Roshanak Rabbanifard, Ambuj Kumar, Patrick G Brady
BACKGROUND: The development of balloon assisted enteroscopy (BAE) has revolutionized diagnostic and therapeutic modalities for small-bowel disorders. Although the role of emergent esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy for upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding is well defined, there is scarce data with regard to emergent BAE for gastrointestinal bleeding. STUDY: We performed a retrospective cohort study including 110 hospitalized patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding who underwent single balloon enteroscopy (SBE) between January 2010 and August 2013...
July 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Ilja Tachecí, Petr Bradna, Tomáš Douda, Drahomíra Baštecká, Marcela Kopáčová, Stanislav Rejchrt, Martin Lutonský, Tomáš Soukup, Jan Bureš
: The goal of this prospective study was to assess non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced enteropathy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or osteoarthritis (OA) by means of non-invasive wireless capsule enteroscopy. A total of 143 patients (74 with RA, 69 with OA) treated with NSAIDs (>1 month) and 42 healthy volunteers were included. All subjects underwent capsule endoscopy, laboratory tests and filled in questionnaires. The severity of small bowel injury was graded as: mild (red spots or sporadic erosions), moderate (10-20 erosions) or severe (>20 erosions or ulcers)...
November 2016: Rheumatology International
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