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blood journal

Barbara Gandolfi, Robert A Grahn, Nicholas A Gustafson, Daniela Proverbio, Eva Spada, Badri Adhikari, Janling Cheng, Gordon Andrews, Leslie A Lyons, Chris R Helps
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0154973.].
2018: PloS One
Yuchi Han, Paul R Forfia, Anjali Vaidya, Jeremy A Mazurek, Myung H Park, Gautam Ramani, Stephen Y Chan, Aaron B Waxman
Introduction: A major determining factor on outcomes in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is right ventricular (RV) function. Ranolazine, which is currently approved for chronic stable angina, has been shown to improve RV function in an animal model and has been shown to be safe in small human studies with PAH. We aim to study the effect of ranolazine on RV function using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients with pulmonary hypertension (non-group 2 patients) and monitor the effect of ranolazine on metabolism using metabolic profiling and changes of microRNA...
2018: Open Heart
Aziz Rezapour, Saeed Bagheri Faradonbeh, Vahid Alipour, Mani Yusefvand
BACKGROUND: Cardiomyopathies is a group of heart diseases that directly affects the heart muscle, and their causes is not just high blood pressure, congenital and pericardial diseases but ischemic cardiomyopathy disease are also caused by vascular disorders, and to confirm the diagnosis, angiography is required. There are several methods for treating and controlling ischemic cardiomyopathy in world health systems and especially in the Iran health system, which include medical treatment, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Matthew Cox, Catherine O'Connor, Katie Biggs, Daniel Hind, Oscar Bortolami, Matthew Franklin, Barbara Collins, Stephen Walters, Allan Wailoo, Julie Channell, Paul Albert, Ursula Freeman, Stephen Bourke, Michael Steiner, Jon Miles, Tom O'Brien, David McWilliams, Terry Schofield, John O'Reilly, Rodney Hughes
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects > 3 million people in the UK. Acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) are the second most common reason for emergency hospital admission in the UK. Pulmonary rehabilitation is usual care for stable COPD but there is little evidence for early pulmonary rehabilitation (EPR) following AECOPD, either in hospital or immediately post discharge. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of recruiting patients, collecting data and delivering EPR to patients with AECOPD to evaluate EPR compared with usual care...
March 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Marzia Del Re, Riccardo Marconcini, Giulia Pasquini, Eleonora Rofi, Caterina Vivaldi, Francesco Bloise, Giuliana Restante, Elena Arrigoni, Chiara Caparello, Maria Grazia Bianco, Stefania Crucitta, Iacopo Petrini, Enrico Vasile, Alfredo Falcone, Romano Danesi
BACKGROUND: PD-L1 expression in tumour tissues is widely used to select patients to receive anti-PD-1/PD-L1 antibodies, but data are lacking on the correlation of plasma PD-L1 levels with the effect of treatments. METHODS: To investigate the association between PD-L1 mRNA in plasma-derived exosomes and response to nivolumab and pembrolizumab in patients with melanoma (n=18) and NSCLC (n=8), blood was obtained at time point 0 and after 2 months. Exosomal PD-L1 mRNA was measured by digital droplet PCR...
March 6, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Patricia M Spittal, Samuel S Malamba, Martin D Ogwang, Seggane Musisi, J Paul Ekwaru, Nelson K Sewankambo, Margo E Pearce, Kate Jongbloed, Sheetal H Patel, Achilles Katamba, Alden H Blair, Herbert Muyinda, Martin T Schechter Obc
BACKGROUND: As previously encamped resettle, potential for rapid HIV transmission in post-conflict Northern Uganda is concerning. Women in particular may be experiencing heightened vulnerability resulting from war-related sexual violence. SETTING: Cango Lyec (Healing the Elephant) Project is a cohort involving conflict-affected people in three districts in Northern Uganda. METHODS: Eight randomly selected communities were mapped and a census was conducted...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Shi-Man Gao, Jiu-Shi Liu, Min Wang, Ting-Ting Cao, Yao-Dong Qi, Ben-Gang Zhang, Xiao-Bo Sun, Hai-Tao Liu, Pei-Gen Xiao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Species of the genus Codonopsis are perennial herbs mainly distributed throughout East, Southeast and Central Asia. As recorded, they have been used as traditional Chinese medicines since the Qing Dynasty, where they were claimed for strengthening the spleen and tonifying the lung, as well as nourishing blood and engendering liquid. Some species are also used as food materials in southern China and Southeast Asia, such as tea, wine, soup, plaster, and porridge...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Kosuke Yoshihara, Tatsuya Ishiguro, Makoto Chihara, Eiri Shima, Sosuke Adachi, Masanori Isobe, Kazufumi Haino, Masayuki Yamaguchi, Masayuki Sekine, Katsunori Kashima, Koichi Takakuwa, Nobumichi Nishikawa, Takayuki Enomoto
OBJECTIVES: Cervical cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers in pregnancy. Our aim was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of abdominal radical trachelectomy (ART) for pregnant women with early-stage cervical cancer who strongly desire to preserve their pregnancies. METHODS/MATERIALS: A retrospective observational study was performed for stage IB1 cervical cancer patients who underwent ART or radical hysterectomy (RH) at our hospital between February 2013 and June 2017...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Michael R Bykowski, Amber Hill, Catherine Garland, William Tobler, Joseph E Losee, Jesse A Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Although rare, pseudoaneurysms (PA) can develop following Le Fort I osteotomy and lead to life-threatening hemorrhage. However, the typical presentation of a PA following a Le Fort I osteotomy is not well characterized. Evidence-based guidelines are not currently available for evaluation of PA following Le Fort I osteotomy. METHODS: A case report is presented of a 27-year-old man who underwent Le Fort I advancement and subsequently developed a bleeding PA...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
R Rodney Howell
Mike, a memorable young patient with untreated phenylketonuria, as well as others affected by genetic disorders that could be treated if diagnosed in infancy, launched my six-decade career. This autobiographical article reflects on my childhood, early research, and professional experiences in pediatric genetics. My laboratory research focused on inborn errors of metabolism, including the glycogen storage diseases. My effort to organize newborn screening through the recommended uniform screening panel shaped and standardized newborn screening nationwide...
March 1, 2018: Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics
Hans Clevers, Fiona M Watt
Central to the classical hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) paradigm is the concept that the maintenance of blood cell numbers is exclusively executed by a discrete physical entity: the transplantable HSC. The HSC paradigm has served as a stereotypic template in stem cell biology, yet the search for rare, hardwired professional stem cells has remained futile in most other tissues. In a more open approach, the focus on the search for stem cells as a physical entity may need to be replaced by the search for stem cell function, operationally defined as the ability of an organ to replace lost cells...
March 1, 2018: Annual Review of Biochemistry
Christian Daniel Fankhauser, Sophia Sander, Lisa Roth, Oliver Gross, Daniel Eberli, Tullio Sulser, Burkhardt Seifert, Joerg Beyer, Thomas Hermanns
BACKGROUND: The prognostic utility of systemic inflammatory markers has so far not been investigated in patients with metastatic testicular germ cell tumours (GCTs). METHODS: International Germ Cell Cancer Cooperative Group (IGCCCG) risk groups and blood-based systemic inflammatory markers (haemoglobin, leukocytes, platelets (P), neutrophils (N), lymphocytes (L), C-reactive protein (CRP) and albumin) of 146 patients undergoing first-line chemotherapy for GCT were retrieved...
February 27, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
D Mannaerts, L Van der Veeken, H Coppejans, Y Jacquemyn
Purpose: To compare the incidence of nausea, vomiting, and arterial hypotension between carbetocin and oxytocin to prevent haemorrhage after caesarean section (CS). Methods: A randomized controlled trial in term pregnant women undergoing planned CS. Groups were randomized to carbetocin or oxytocin. Blood pressure (BP), heart rate, presence of nausea/vomitus, and need for vasopressors were evaluated throughout surgery. Preoperative and postoperative haemoglobin and haematocrit levels were compared...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
Janne Anita Kvammen, Rut Anne Thomassen, Mari Borge Eskerud, Jarle Rugtveit, Christine Henriksen
OBJECTIVES AND STUDY: To study micronutrient status and nutritional intake from complementary feeding in children on a cows' milk exclusion (CME) diet. METHODS: Fifty-seven children with cows' milk allergy, aged < 2 years, were included in a cross-sectional study. Blood was analysed for micronutrient status. Complementary feeding was defined as all solids and liquids except of breastmilk, and assessed by 3-day food diary. The results were analysed according to three feeding patterns: mainly breastfed (mBF), partially breastfed (pBF) and no breastmilk group (nBM)...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Shuang Liang, Wen-Ling Wang, Fang-Lei Zhu, Shu-Wei Duan, Xue-Feng Sun, Xiang-Mei Chen, Guang-Yan Cai
INTRODUCTION: The proportion of elderly people is steadily rising worldwide, especially in low-income and middle-income countries, including China. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common disorder in older people. However, little is known about the epidemiology of CKD and its consequences among the elderly. Improvements on clinical guidelines and healthcare policies for this population are required. This study aims to examine the risk factors for progression of CKD among the elderly and develop models to identify subgroups who are at high risk...
February 24, 2018: BMJ Open
Lars H Breimer, Torbjörn K Nilsson, Michael E Breimer
Declaration of conflicts of interest (COI, understood mainly as financial) in medical publications is long established. Most journals refer only to the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) but not to those of the WAME (World Association of Medical Editors). We surveyed 17 journals and found only one (BJOG), which explicitly mentioned "religious interest" as an example of a possible COI and one other journal included "personal belief" (Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India) as a COI...
February 7, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0156914.].
2018: PloS One
Jean-Louis Vincent, Sharon Einav, Rupert Pearse, Samir Jaber, Peter Kranke, Frank J Overdyk, David K Whitaker, Federico Gordo, Albert Dahan, Andreas Hoeft
: Patient monitoring on low acuity general hospital wards is currently based largely on intermittent observations and measurements of simple variables, such as blood pressure and temperature, by nursing staff. Often several hours can pass between such measurements and patient deterioration can go unnoticed. Moreover, the integration and interpretation of the information gleaned through these measurements remains highly dependent on clinical judgement. More intensive monitoring, which is commonly used in peri-operative and intensive care settings, is more likely to lead to the early identification of patients who are developing complications than is intermittent monitoring...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Chao Tong, Li Wen, Yinyin Xia, Pamela Leong, Lan Wang, Xin Fan, Ting-Li Han, Jeffrey M Craig, Philip Baker, Richard Saffery, Hongbo Qi
INTRODUCTION: Non-communicable diseases (NCD) now represent the major burden of adverse health in most countries. It is clear that much of the risk of such conditions begins very early in life, potentially in utero. Given their complex aetiology, an understanding of the origins of NCD requires an in-depth analysis of the interplay between genetic variation and environment, preferably over time. For decades, twin studies have played a key role in understanding such traits. Their strength lies in the ability to disentangle genetic and environmental factors that contribute to a phenotype...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Open
Yiyuan Li, Chunxiao Cui, Ruhong Zhang, Qun Zhang, Zhicheng Xu, Feng Xu, Datao Li
OBJECTIVES: The retroauricular fascia flap (RFF) is one of the most commonly used vascularized linings for auriculocephalic sulcus reconstruction in staged total auricular reconstruction. This study aims to investigate the histomorphometric features regarding the retroauricular fascia. METHODS: Histological evaluation included qualitative observation and quantitative analysis of sections of RFF stained with hematoxylin and eosin, Masson's trichrome, Elastica van Gieson, CD31, and Lyve-1...
February 22, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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