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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665084/technology-in-parenteral-nutrition-compounding
#1
REVIEW
Caitlin Curtis
Technology is constantly being used in novel ways, and its use in the practice of medicine is no exception. Examples of this include computer physician order entry, barcode-medication scanning, electronic health records (EHRs), and bedside patient charts, to name a few. Compounding parenteral nutrition has been included in this technological revolution, with improvements such as barcode-assisted medication preparation systems and EHR-to-compounder interfaces. Along with some of these electronic advancements come the inevitable improvements and challenges, which are explored in this article...
April 17, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662017/use-of-unpalatable-forages-by-ruminants-the-influence-of-experience-with-the-biophysical-and-social-environment
#2
REVIEW
Roberto A Distel, Juan J Villalba
Unpalatable forage resources (low nutrient density, potentially toxic metabolites) are widespread and represent a challenge for ruminant nutrition, health, and welfare. Our objective was to synthesize the role of biophysical and social experience on the use of unpalatable forages by ruminants, and highlight derived behavioural solutions for the well-being of soils, plants, and animals. Environmental experiences early in life modulate gene expression and promote learning, which alters morpho-physiological and psychological mechanisms that modify behavioural responses and change food and habitat selection...
April 14, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659694/nutritional-genomics-and-direct-to-consumer-genetic-testing-an-overview
#3
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Hassan S Dashti, Jordi Merino
The increasing prevalence in polygenic diseases, such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes, observed over the past few decades is more likely linked to a rapid transition in lifestyle rather than to changes in the sequence of the nuclear genome. In the new era of precision medicine, nutritional genomics holds the promise to be translated into tailored nutritional strategies to prevent and manage polygenic diseases more effectively. Nutritional genomics aims to prevent, treat, and manage polygenic diseases through targeted therapies formulated from individuals' genetic makeup and dietary intake...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659684/%C3%AF-3-fatty-acids-impaired-fetal-growth-and-cardiovascular-risk-nutrition-as-precision-medicine
#4
Michael R Skilton
Precision medicine refers to treatment or prevention strategies in a group of individuals identified by their phenotype or genotype. Dietary components or patterns may play an important role in precision medicine. There is emerging evidence to support a role for n-3 (ω-3) fatty acids in lowering blood pressure and reducing the extent of subclinical atherosclerosis in people born with impaired fetal growth, a group at increased risk of coronary artery disease partly due to an increased risk of hypertensive disorders...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659593/the-complexity-of-patients-hospitalized-in-internal-medicine-wards-evaluated-by-fadoi-complimed-score-s-a-hypothetical-approach
#5
Erminio Bonizzoni, Gualberto Gussoni, Giancarlo Agnelli, Raffaele Antonelli Incalzi, Moira Bonfanti, Franco Mastroianni, Marco Candela, Carlotta Franchi, Stefania Frasson, Antonio Greco, Micaela La Regina, Roberta Re, Giorgio Vescovo, Mauro Campanini
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to develop a new predictive model to measure complexity of patients in medical wards. SETTING: 29 Internal Medicine departments in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study cohort was made of 541 consecutive patients hospitalized for any cause, aged more than 40 years and with at least two chronic diseases. First, we applied a hierarchical cluster analysis and the principal component analysis (PCA) to a panel of questionnaires [comorbidity (Charlson, CIRS), clinical stability (MEWS), social frailty (Flugelman), cognitive dysfunction (SPSMQ), depression (5-item GDS), functional dependence (ADL, IADL, Barthel), risk of sore threats (Exton-Smith scale), nutrition (MNA), pain (NRPS), adherence to therapy (Morisky scale)], in order to select domains informative for the definition of complexity...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659064/beliefs-and-advice-seeking-behaviours-for-fertility-and-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-global-sample
#6
R Walker, M Blumfield, H Truby
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy can motivate individuals to adopt lifestyle behaviours that protect the health of their offspring. The aims of the present study were to explore men's and women's beliefs about lifestyle, fertility and pregnancy, as well as where they seek advice. METHODS: Participants (2185 women and 221 men, six unspecified) from 104 countries completed a questionnaire that explored their beliefs about what was important for a healthy pregnancy and their advice-seeking behaviours...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653169/nanoencapsulation-of-lemon-essential-oil-in-chitosan-hicap-system-part-1-study-on-its-physical-and-structural-characteristics
#7
Shirin Hasani, Seyed Mahdi Ojagh, Mohammad Ghorbani
Lemon essential oils (LEOs) as a bioactive compound with health beneficial potential are used as safe additives in foods, medicine and nutritional supplements. However, it is a chemical compound which is sensitive to light, thermal condition and oxidation. To overcome these challenge encapsulation could be an adequate technique to protect them from degradation and evaporation. In this study, nanocapsules based on chitosan (CS) and modified starch (Hicap) with LEOs as an active ingredient was prepared by freeze-drying...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651680/simultaneous-identification-and-determination-of-flavonoids-in-dendrobium-officinale
#8
Chunhua Zhou, Zhenshan Xie, Zhouxi Lei, Yuechun Huang, Gang Wei
BACKGROUND: The quality of material medicine resources has had a considerable impact on the development of the health industry, which has created a bottleneck for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Dendrobium officinale, which has been widely used for health prevention in TCM, has become a high-nutritive health food that is strongly recommended by many white-collar workers and people who pay more attention to their health. The aim of this study was to develop a method to authenticate and evaluate D...
April 12, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649158/dietary-intakes-of-minerals-essential-and-toxic-trace-elements-for-adults-from-eragrostis-tef-l-a-nutritional-assessment
#9
Eva Koubová, Daniela Sumczynski, Lenka Šenkárová, Jana Orsavová, Miroslav Fišera
This study analysed the contents of thirty-six mineral and trace elements in teff ( Eragrostis tef L.) grains. What is more, dietary intakes were calculated. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used to assess mineral and trace element contents. Consequently, the appropriate Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) or adequate intake (AI), and provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) or provisional tolerable monthly intake (PTMI) values for adults were determined according to the Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) and Institute of Medicine (IOM) regulations...
April 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642867/antiproliferative-activities-and-phenolic-acid-content-of-water-and-ethanolic-extracts-of-the-powdered-formula-of-houttuynia-cordata-thunb-fermented-broth-and-phyllanthus-emblica-linn-fruit
#10
Piyawan Kumnerdkhonkaen, Somprasong Saenglee, Md Ali Asgar, Gulsiri Senawong, Kanoknan Khongsukwiwat, Thanaset Senawong
BACKGROUND: Houttuynia cordata Thunb. and Phyllanthus emblica Linn. are native plants with medicinal and nutritive significance in Asia. The present study was aimed at evaluating antiproliferative effects on human cancer cell lines and identifying the phenolic acid composition of water and ethanolic extracts of the powdered formula of H. cordata fermented broth and P. emblica fruit. METHODS: Anticancer activity of the extracts was evaluated against HeLa, HT29, HCT116, MCF7 and Jurkat cells using an MTT assay and flow cytometric analysis of apoptosis induction and cell cycle arrest...
April 11, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630078/applications-of-zeolites-in-biotechnology-and-medicine-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Lucie Bacakova, Marta Vandrovcova, Ivana Kopova, Ivan Jirka
Zeolites are microporous tectosilicates of natural or synthetic origin, which have been extensively used in various technological applications, e.g. as catalysts and as molecular sieves, for separating and sorting various molecules, for water and air purification, including removal of radioactive contaminants, for harvesting waste heat and solar heat energy, for adsorption refrigeration, as detergents, etc. These applications of zeolites were typically related with their porous character, their high adsorption capacity, and their ion exchange properties...
April 9, 2018: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628485/fatty-acid-profile-phenolics-and-flavonoids-contents-in-olea-europaea-l-callus-culture-cv-cornicabra
#12
Ludwi Rodríguez-Hernandez, Humberto Nájera-Gomez, Celína Luján-Hidalgo, Nancy Ruiz-Lau, Carlos Alberto Lecona-Guzmán, Miguel Abud-Archila, Víctor Manuel Ruíz-Valdiviezo, Federico Antonio Gutiérrez-Miceli
Olive trees are one of the most important oil crops in the world due to the sensorial and nutritional characteristics of olive oil, such as lipid composition and antioxidant content, and the medicinal properties of its leaves. In this paper, callus formation was induced using nodal segments of olive tree (Olea europaea cv cornicabra) as explants. Fatty acid profile, total phenolic compounds and total flavonoid compounds were determined in callus culture after 15 weeks and compared with leaf and nodal segments tissues...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623690/observation-about-phosphorus-and-protein-supply-in-cats-and-dogs-prior-to-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#13
L F Böswald, E Kienzle, B Dobenecker
There is evidence that nutritional phosphorus (P) excess may be a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in humans and pets (Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal (2014), 5, 104; The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, (2013), 98, 6; Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, (2017); The source of phosphorus influences serum PTH, apparent digestibility and blood levels of calcium and phosphorus in dogs fed high phosphorus diets with balanced Ca/P ratio. Proc. Waltham International Nutritional Sciences Symposium, USA; Clinical aspects of natural and added phosphorus in foods, 2017, Springer Science+Business, Media)...
April 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621787/vegmed-%C3%A2-vegmed-scientific-congress-for-plant-based-nutrition-and-medicine%C3%A2-april-20-22-2018-berlin-abstracts
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Complementary Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621583/a-review-of-the-traditional-use-of-southern-african-medicinal-plants-for-the-treatment-of-selected-parasite-infections-affecting-humans
#15
REVIEW
I E Cock, M I Selesho, S F van Vuuren
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Worldwide, more than three billion cases of parasitic disease are reported yearly and it is likely that this figure is substantially under-estimated. Approximately one in six people globally are estimated to be infected with at least one parasite species annually. In South Africa, the prevalence of Schistosoma haematobium (bilharzia) and intestinal worms and helminths are particularly high, especially in children and in crowded or poorer rural communities with inadequate sanitation and nutritional status...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618312/the-nutritional-characteristics-of-the-hypotensive-washoku-modified-dash-diet-a-sub-analysis-of-the-dash-jump-study
#16
Atsuko Kawamura, Katsuko Kajiya, Hiroko Kishi, Junko Inagaki, Makoto Mitarai, Hiroshi Oda, Seiji Umemoto, Sei Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: We developed a WASHOKU-modified DASH diet named DASH-JUMP. We previously reported the hypotensive effect of the DASH-JUMP diet in Japanese participants with untreated high-normal blood pressure (BP) or stage 1 hypertension. OBJECTIVE: We aim to introduce the DASH-JUMP diet worldwide as a new lifestyle medicine. Accordingly, we prospectively assessed the nutritional characteristics of the DASH-JUMP diet. METHODS: Participants were treated with the DASH-JUMP diet for 2 months...
April 4, 2018: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615389/management-of-the-general-process-of-parenteral-nutrition-using-mhealth-technologies-evaluation-and-validation-study
#17
Mercedes Cervera Peris, Víctor Manuel Alonso Rorís, Juan Manuel Santos Gago, Luis Álvarez Sabucedo, Carmina Wanden-Berghe, Javier Sanz-Valero
BACKGROUND: Any system applied to the control of parenteral nutrition (PN) ought to prove that the process meets the established requirements and include a repository of records to allow evaluation of the information about PN processes at any time. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the research was to evaluate the mobile health (mHealth) app and validate its effectiveness in monitoring the management of the PN process. METHODS: We studied the evaluation and validation of the general process of PN using an mHealth app...
April 3, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614833/rhein-induces-cell-death-in-heparg-cells-through-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptotic-pathway
#18
Longtai You, Xiaoxv Dong, Xingbin Yin, Chunjing Yang, Xin Leng, Wenping Wang, Jian Ni
Rhein, a naturally occurring active anthraquinone found abundantly in various medicinal and nutritional herbs, possesses a wide spectrum of pharmacological effects. Furthermore, previous studies have reported that rhein could induce hepatotoxicity in rats. However, its cytotoxicity and potential molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the cytotoxicity of rhein on HepaRG cells and the underlying mechanisms of its cytotoxicity. Our results demonstrate, by 3-(4,5-dimethyl thiazol-2-yl-)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and Annexin V-fluoresce isothiocyanate (FITC)/propidium iodide (PI) double-staining assays, that rhein significantly inhibited cell viability and induced apoptosis in HepaRG cells...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614565/-guideline-for-breastfeeding-promotion-strategies-2018
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614017/flavonoid-functions-in-plants-and-their-interactions-with-other-organisms
#20
EDITORIAL
Ulrike Mathesius
Flavonoids are structurally diverse secondary metabolites in plants, with a multitude of functions. These span from functions in regulating plant development, pigmentation, and UV protection, to an array of roles in defence and signalling between plants and microorganisms. Because of their prevalence in the human diet, many flavonoids constitute important components of medicinal plants and are used in the control of inflammation and cancer prevention. Advances in the elucidation of flavonoid biosynthesis and its regulation have led to an increasing number of studies aimed at engineering the flavonoid pathway for enhancing nutritional value and plant defences against pathogens and herbivores, as well as modifying the feeding value of pastures...
April 3, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
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