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Nutritional medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452699/hypolipidemic-components-from-medicine-food-homology-species-used-in-china-pharmacological-and-health-effects
#1
REVIEW
De-Xing Song, Jian-Guo Jiang
Hyperlipidemia is a systemic disease caused by abnormal human lipid metabolism. Dietary control and treatment on hyperlipidemia is now a popular therapy pathway. This paper focuses on the medicine food homology (MFH) species used in China with hypolipidemic function, and emphasizes on the active ingredients and their pharmacological effect. The single herbal and its hypolipidemic active ingredients are summarized through reviewing the relevant literatures published in the past twenty years. The ingredients are divided into polysaccharides, flavonoids, steroidal saponins, quinones, alkaloids and others, of which the related researches are described from the aspects of sources, model and method, result and mechanisms, respectively...
February 13, 2018: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447091/obesity-in-pregnancy-a-comparison-of-four-national-guidelines
#2
Dana Vitner, Kristin Harris, Cynthia Maxwell, M D Farine
BACKGROUND: Obesity in pregnancy has become one of the most important challenges in obstetrical care given its prevalence and potential adverse impact on both mother and fetus. The primary objective of this descriptive review is to identify common themes and distinctions within the current recommendations for maternal obesity in the most updated version of four published national guidelines. METHODS: We reviewed the following guidelines for obesity in pregnancy: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) 2015, Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (RANZCOG) 2013, Royal College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (RCOG) 2010, and Society of Obstetrics and Gynecologists of Canada (SOGC) 2010...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444561/committed-to-be-fit-the-value-of-preoperative-care-in-the-perioperative-medicine-era
#3
Javier Ripollés-Melchor, Francesco Carli, Miquel Coca-Martínez, Macarena Barbero-Mielgo, José M Ramírez-Rodríguez, José A García-Erce
In the era of perioperative medicine, important advances have been made in the perioperative care of patients, usually within those known as Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols. These have led to a decrease in postoperative complications and the duration of hospital stays; however, there is still a lack of preoperative care, which could make perioperative medicine more prominent. Elderly patients, malnourished, anaemic and ones with a low physical function before surgery are likely to have sub-optimal recovery from surgery...
February 14, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440725/development-of-a-primary-human-small-intestine-on-a-chip-using-biopsy-derived-organoids
#4
Magdalena Kasendra, Alessio Tovaglieri, Alexandra Sontheimer-Phelps, Sasan Jalili-Firoozinezhad, Amir Bein, Angeliki Chalkiadaki, William Scholl, Cheng Zhang, Hannah Rickner, Camilla A Richmond, Hu Li, David T Breault, Donald E Ingber
Here we describe a method for fabricating a primary human Small Intestine-on-a-Chip (Intestine Chip) containing epithelial cells isolated from healthy regions of intestinal biopsies. The primary epithelial cells are expanded as 3D organoids, dissociated, and cultured on a porous membrane within a microfluidic device with human intestinal microvascular endothelium cultured in a parallel microchannel under flow and cyclic deformation. In the Intestine Chip, the epithelium forms villi-like projections lined by polarized epithelial cells that undergo multi-lineage differentiation similar to that of intestinal organoids, however, these cells expose their apical surfaces to an open lumen and interface with endothelium...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433505/why-nutrition-education-is-inadequate-in-the-medical-curriculum-a-qualitative-study-of-students-perspectives-on-barriers-and-strategies
#5
Victor Mogre, Fred C J Stevens, Paul A Aryee, Anthony Amalba, Albert J J A Scherpbier
BACKGROUND: The provision of nutrition care by doctors is important in promoting healthy dietary habits, and such interventions can lead to reductions in disease morbidity, mortality, and medical costs. However, medical students and doctors report inadequate nutrition education and preparedness during their training at school. Previous studies investigating the inadequacy of nutrition education have not sufficiently evaluated the perspectives of students. In this study, students' perspectives on doctors' role in nutrition care, perceived barriers, and strategies to improve nutrition educational experiences are explored...
February 12, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431584/horizon-scanning-how-will-metabolomics-applications-transform-food-science-bioengineering-and-medical-innovation-in-the-current-era-of-foodomics
#6
Mustafa Bayram, Çağlar Gökırmaklı
Food and engineering sciences have tended to neglect the importance of human nutrition sciences and clinical study of new molecules discovered by food engineering community, and vice versa. Yet, the value of systems thinking and use of omics technologies in food engineering are rapidly emerging. Foodomics is a new concept and practice to bring about "precision nutrition" and integrative bioengineering studies of food composition, quality, and safety, and applications to improve health of humans, animals, and other living organisms on the planet...
February 12, 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429853/evaluating-photographs-as-a-replacement-for-the-in-person-physical-examination-of-the-scored-patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-in-elderly-hospital-patients
#7
Michelle Miller, Jolene Thomas, Jenni Suen, De Sheng Ong, Yogesh Sharma
BACKGROUND: Undernourished patients discharged from the hospital require follow-up; however, attendance at return visits is low. Teleconsultations may allow remote follow-up of undernourished patients; however, no valid method to remotely perform physical examination, a critical component of assessing nutritional status, exists. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare agreement between photographs taken by trained dietitians and in-person physical examinations conducted by trained dietitians to rate the overall physical examination section of the scored Patient Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA)...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428868/mapping-the-cancer-patient-information-landscape-a-comparative-analysis-of-patient-groups-across-europe-and-north-america
#8
Mark Lawler, Gillian Prue, Ian Banks, Kate Law, Peter Selby, Gordon McVie, Richard Sullivan
AIM: Little is known about how patient groups provide information for patients. We invited 838 patient groups from Europe and North America to participate in an online survey. METHODS: The survey covered: (i) availability, accessibility and quality of information provided; (ii) methods by which patient groups communicate; (iii) ways in which patient groups acquire information and confirm its veracity/accuracy; (iv) how people access information online. RESULTS: European patient groups were significantly less effective in providing medical-related information than their North American counterparts in: clinical trials, potential causes of cancer, medical research, diagnosis/screening, symptoms, treatments (all p < 0...
February 8, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421480/advanced-nutritional-and-stem-cells-approaches-to-prevent-equine-metabolic-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Krzysztof Marycz, Izabela Michalak, Katarzyna Kornicka
Horses metabolic disorders have become an important problem of modern veterinary medicine. Pathological obesity, insulin resistance and predisposition toward laminitis are associated with Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS). Based on pathogenesis of EMS, dietary and cell therapy management may significantly reduce development of that disorder. Special attention has been paid to the diet supplementation with high bioavailability minerals and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) which increase insulin sensitivity. In nutrition, there is a great interests in natural algae enriched in biosorption process with micro and macroelements...
January 31, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419329/understanding-gastroschisis-and-its-clinical-management-where-are-we
#10
Candace Haddock, Erik D Skarsgard
Gastroschisis is the commonest developmental defect of the anterior abdominal wall in both developed and developing countries. The past 30 years have seen transformational improvements in outcome due to advances in neonatal intensive care and enhanced integration between the disciplines of maternal fetal medicine, neonatology and pediatric surgery. A review of gastroschisis, which emphasizes its epidemiology, multidisciplinary care strategies and contemporary outcomes is timely. Areas covered: This review discusses the current state of knowledge related to prevalence and causation, and postulated embryopathologic mechanisms contributing to the development of gastroschisis...
February 8, 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410750/women-s-sleep-disorders-integrative-care
#11
Cristina Frange, Carolina Vicente Banzoli, Ana Elisa Colombo, Marcele Siegler, Glaury Coelho, Andréia Gomes Bezerra, Marcelo Csermak, Maria Fernanda Naufel, Cristiana Cesar-Netto, Monica Levy Andersen, Manoel João Batista Castelo Girão, Sergio Tufik, Helena Hachul
The integrative care model is rooted in a biopsychosocial approach. Integrative is a term which refers to increasing the harmony and coherence of your whole being, and integrative care is therefore focused on the person, not on either the disease or a therapy. It is provided collaboratively by a health team comprising physicians, psychologists, physiotherapists, acupuncturists, and meditation, nutrition, and floral therapy. Previous studies have demonstrated that interventions based on the integrative care model improved womens lifestyle and quality of life...
October 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407263/comparison-of-the-readiness-for-interprofessional-learning-and-the-rate-of-contact-among-students-from-nine-different-healthcare-courses
#12
Vítor Falcão de Oliveira, Mariana Fonseca Bittencourt, Ícaro França Navarro Pinto, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: Despite the growth in the interprofessional literature, there are still few studies that have evaluated the differences among courses and periods in relation to Readiness for Interprofessional Learning. Likewise, the relationship between the influences of contact among students from different professions is still controversial. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether greater contact among students from diverse health courses could be associated with improved Readiness for Interprofessional Learning (RIPLS) at the undergraduate level and to compare the RIPLS among healthcare courses, analyzing differences among courses and periods of their academic training...
February 1, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394142/hypermetabolism-and-nutritional-support-in-sepsis
#13
John C Alverdy
BACKGROUND: Surgical metabolism has been a founding field of investigation in surgery without which the boundaries of critical care, trauma, and surgical oncology could not have advanced. Traditionally, understanding the shifts in electrolytes, carbohydrates, fats, and amino acids that could explain the rapidly evolving proteolysis after catabolic stress and tumor growth has been a major focus of research that led to our current approach to maintaining homeostasis over the course of major surgical intervention and injury...
February 2, 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393763/conversation-analysis-of-veterinarians-proposals-for-long-term-dietary-change-in-companion-animal-practice-in-ontario-canada
#14
Clare MacMartin, Hannah C Wheat, Jason B Coe, Cindy L Adams
Nutritional changes recommended by veterinarians to clients can have a major role in animal-patient health. Although there is literature on best practices that can inform veterinary communication training, little is known specifically about how veterinarians communicate their recommendations to clients in real-life interactions. This study used the qualitative research method of conversation analysis to investigate the form and content of veterinarian-initiated proposals for long-term dietary change in canine and feline patients to further inform veterinary communication training...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389665/acorus-calamus-a-bio-reserve-of-medicinal-values
#15
REVIEW
Amrita Devi Khwairakpam, Yengkhom Devi Damayenti, Anindita Deka, Javadi Monisha, Nand Kishor Roy, Ganesan Padmavathi, Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara
Many plants are found to possess reliable pharmacological properties and have started to attract the attention of researchers. One such holistic plant is Acorus calamus, commonly known as sweet flag, belonging to the rhizomatous family Acoraceae. The different parts of this plant, such as the leaves and rhizomes, are used traditionally in different medicinal preparations for the treatment of various ailments including arthritis, neuralgia, diarrhoea, dyspepsia, kidney and liver troubles, eczema, sinusitis, asthma, fevers, bronchitis, hair loss, and other disorders...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389253/bovine-milk-comparative-proteome-analysis-from-early-mid-and-late-lactation-in-the-cattle-breed-malnad-gidda-bos-indicus
#16
Praseeda Mol, Uday Kannegundla, Gourav Dey, Lathika Gopalakrishnan, Manjunath Dammalli, Manish Kumar, Arun H Patil, Marappa Basavaraju, Akhila Rao, Kerekoppa P Ramesha, Thottethodi Subrahmanya Keshava Prasad
Bovine milk is important for both veterinary medicine and human nutrition. Understanding the bovine milk proteome at different stages of lactation has therefore broad significance for integrative biology and clinical medicine as well. Indeed, different lactation stages have marked influence on the milk yield, milk constituents, and nourishment of the neonates. We performed a comparative proteome analysis of the bovine milk obtained at different stages of lactation from the Indian indigenous cattle Malnad Gidda (Bos indicus), a widely available breed...
February 1, 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386453/-nutritional-status-of-japanese-women-of-childbearing-age-and-the-ideal-weight-range-for-pregnancy
#17
Kyoko Nomura, Hiroko Kodama, Michiko Kido
According to the recent 2015 Nutrition Survey, the prevalence of being underweight (Body Mass Index, BMI <18.5 kg/m2) among women in their 20s is 22.3%. Women of childbearing age tend to have a lower intake of protein and their total energy intake is lower than the requirements established by the 2015 Dietary Reference Intakes for Japanese. There is a growing body of evidence showing that underweight women tend to bear small babies and that these babies have an increased risk of diabetes or cancer in their adulthood...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386155/therapeutic-effect-of-alkaloids-and-glycosides-of-colocynth-seeds-on-liver-injury-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-wistar-rats-subject-to-nutritional-stress
#18
Khadidja Tabani, Zahia Birem, Hanane Halzoune, Wassila Saiah, Farid Lahfa, Elhadj Ahmed Koceir, Naima Omari
The Citrullus colocynthis, commonly called colocynth, is known because of its purgative effects and whose seeds are commonly used as certain diseases treatment, namely liver diseases, in the Mediterranean countries traditional medicine. This study aims to analyze the effect of two colocynth extracts « glycosides » and « alkaloids » on metabolic and histological disorders associated with liver function in Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus). This pathology is due to an enriched oil palm diet. For this purpose, Wistar male rats n = 18, weighing between 130g and 150g, are divided into two lots...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385795/pharmacometabonomics-analysis-reveals-serum-formate-and-acetate-potentially-associated-with-varying-response-to-gemcitabine-carboplatin-chemotherapy-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-patients
#19
Limiao Jiang, Soo Chin Lee, Thian C Ng
Gemcitabine-carboplatin (GC) chemotherapy was efficacious in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients probably resistant to anthracyclines and taxanes, but showed significant inter-individual variation in treatment responses. Early prediction of response to treatment is clinically relevant to identify patients who will achieve clinical benefit. In this study, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) based pharmacometabonomics was used to non-invasively predict the response to GC chemotherapy of 29 MBC patients with prior exposure to both anthracyclines and taxanes from a phase II study...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383326/protection-of-children-s-human-rights-and-health-a-legacy-of-julian-kramsztyk-janusz-korczak-and-ludwik-rajchman
#20
Piotr Woltanowski, Andrzej Wincewicz, Stanisław Sulkowski
Tutor of generations of Warsaw medical doctors, Julian Kramsztyk (1851-1926) was son of Rabbi Izaak Kramsztyk, Polish patriot and fighter for independent Poland. Julian Kramsztyk graduated in medicine from Warsaw University in 1873 to soon work as a supervisor of the Internal Diseases Department of Bersohns and Baumans Children's Hospital from 1878 to 1910, and despite of refusing professorship from Imperial Warsaw University, he worked as a lecturer of pediatric disorders from 1880 with strong association of his medical practice with scientific and editorial tasks as well as engaging in charity...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
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