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Nutritional medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910792/optimization-of-liquid-fermentation-conditions-and-protein-nutrition-evaluation-of-mycelium-from-the-caterpillar-medicinal-mushroom-cordyceps-militaris-ascomycetes
#1
Jie Gang, Han Liu, Yanhong Liu
Cordyceps militaris is a well-known traditional Chinese medicinal mushroom. In this study, the mycelium of C. militaris was cultured using liquid fermentation technology and the culture medium components were optimized by the orthogonal test method. Our results showed that the optimal medium combination for the mycelium growth is 3% glucose, 3% peptone, 0.1% MgSO4, and 0.2% KH2PO4 The international general nutritional assessment method was applied to the overall evaluation of the protein nutrition value of submerged cultivated mycelium and fruit body of C...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910787/nonvolatile-taste-components-and-antioxidant-properties-of-fruiting-body-and-mycelium-with-high-ergothioneine-content-from-the-culinary-medicinal-golden-oyster-mushroom-pleurotus-citrinopileatus-agaricomycetes
#2
Shin-Yi Lin, Shih-Chang Chien, Sheng-Yang Wang, Jeng-Leun Mau
Pleurotus citrinopileatus mycelium was prepared with high ergothioneine (Hi-Ergo) content and its proximate composition, nonvolatile taste components, and antioxidant properties were studied. The ergothioneine contents of fruiting bodies and Hi-Ergo and regular mycelia were 3.89, 14.57, and 0.37 mg/g dry weight, respectively. Hi-Ergo mycelium contained more dietary fiber, soluble polysaccharides, and ash but less carbohydrates, reducing sugar, fiber, and fat than regular mycelium. However, Hi-Ergo mycelium contained the smallest amounts of total sugars and polyols (47...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910758/antimicrobial-coumarins-from-the-oyster-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-pleurotus-ostreatus-agaricomycetes-from-kenya
#3
Lilechi D Baraza, Wekesa Neser, Korir Cheruiyot Jackson, Juma B Fredrick, Ochieno Dennis, Kamau R Wairimu, Aggrey Osogo Keya, Matthias Heydenreich
Pleurotus ostreatus has been widely used as food because of its nutritional and medicinal properties. These have been attributed to the presence of macronutrients, minerals, vitamins, and amino acids, among other secondary metabolites. There are, however, few reports on the antimicrobial activities of different classes of purified compounds from P. ostreatus. This led to the current study, the objective of which was to chemically characterize the antibiotic activities of P. ostreatus against selected human pathogenic bacteria and endophytic fungi...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910756/fatty-acid-composition-of-different-collections-of-coprinoid-mushrooms-agaricomycetes-and-their-nutritional-and-medicinal-values
#4
Susanna M Badalyan
Qualitative and quantitative analyses of the free fatty acid (FA) composition of ethanol extracts obtained from mycelia of 30 genetically identified strains of 18 species of coprinoid mushrooms (CMs) or coprini belonging to clades Coprinellus (C. bisporus, C. curtus, C. disseminatus, C. domesticus, C. ellisii, C.flocculosus, C. micaceus, C. aff radians I, C. aff radians II, C. aff radians III, C. xanthothrix, Coprinellus sp. 4), Coprinopsis (C. cinerea, C. cothurnata, C. gonophylla, C. lagopides, C. maysoidispora, C...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903353/-scientific-statement-on-the-correct-understanding-of-cholesterol
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903130/risk-factors-and-mortality-in-the-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-infection-case-control-study
#6
Fethiye Akgul, Ilkay Bozkurt, Mustafa Sunbul, Saban Esen, Hakan Leblebicioglu
Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) has been known as a nosocomial pathogen, both for the last 10 years in Turkey and for 20 years worldwide. Due to limited treatment options and high mortality rates, despite improvements in the field of medicine at the present time, CRKP is still a big threat for public health. This study was carried out between the dates of January 2010 and September 2014. Patients ≥18 who were hospitalized for at least 72 h and who also had CRKP growth were included in the study as a case group...
December 1, 2016: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898350/cronkhite-canada-syndrome-complicated-by-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#7
Neha L Nemade, Urvi B Shukla, Gajanan D Wagholikar
INTRODUCTION: Cronkhite Canada Syndrome (CCS) is a rare syndrome, described in 1955 by Americans, Leonard Wolsey Cronkhite and Wilma Jeanne Canada in the New England Journal of Medicine [1]. About 450 cases have been reported. Complications, like malignant transformation, unprovoked thromboembolism is known. Since there is wide variability in medical presentation, no definitive diagnostic and treatment protocol s have been set. The mortality remains at 55%. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 50 year old male patient presenting with diarrhea, weight loss, abdominal pain, ectodermal features...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890486/towards-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-understand-and-manage-obesity-and-related-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Stephan C Bischoff, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm, Michael Chourdakis, Cristina Cuerda, Nathalie M Delzenne, Nicolaas E Deutz, Denis Fouque, Laurence Genton, Carmen Gil, Berthold Koletzko, Miguel Leon-Sanz, Raanan Shamir, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anders Thorell, Arved Weimann, Rocco Barazzoni
Overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle result in overweight or obesity defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. According to the WHO, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly doubled between 1980 and 2008. In 2008, over 50% of both men and women in the WHO European Region were overweight, and approximately 23% of women and 20% of men were obese. Comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic approaches should include nutritional treatment to favor the best metabolic and nutritional outcome, as well as to induce potential disease-specific benefits from selected nutritional regimens...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886382/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-cucumis-sativus-seed-extract-on-serum-lipids-in-adult-hyperlipidemic-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Rasool Soltani, Mohammad Hashemi, Alimohammad Farazmand, Gholamreza Asghari, Kiyan Heshmat-Ghahdarijani, Ali Kharazmkia, Syed Mustafa Ghanadian
Hyperlipidemia is associated with increased risk of atherosclerosis; therefore, control of this risk factor is very important in preventing atherosclerosis. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) seed is used traditionally as a lipid-lowering nutritional supplement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of cucumber seed extract on serum lipid profile in adult patients with mild hyperlipidemia. In a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial, hyperlipidemic patients with inclusion criteria were randomly and equally assigned to either Cucumis or placebo groups and used one medicinal or placebo capsule, respectively, once daily with food for 6 wk...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884491/impact-of-patient-outcomes-and-cost-aspects-on-reimbursement-recommendations-in-poland-in-2012-2014
#10
Krzysztof Piotr Malinowski, Paweł Kawalec, Wojciech Trąbka
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of different factors on the final reimbursement recommendations for drugs in Poland and to identify the correlation between these factors and the probability of a positive reimbursement recommendation for an applicant drug issued by the President of the Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Tariff System (AOTMiT). We analysed all recommendations for the period of 2012-2014 in Poland, three years following the launch of the new Reimbursement Act of Medicines, Foodstuffs Intended for Particular Nutritional Uses and Medical Devices...
October 26, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884128/a-randomised-controlled-demonstration-trial-of-multifaceted-nutritional-intervention-and-or-probiotics-the-healthy-mums-and-babies-humba-trial
#11
Karaponi Okesene-Gafa, Minglan Li, Rennae S Taylor, John M D Thompson, Caroline A Crowther, Christopher J D McKinlay, Lesley M E McCowan
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and has lifelong negative implications for offspring health. The Institute of Medicine recommends limited gestational weight gain (GWG) in obese women for optimal maternal and infant outcomes. However, there is a gap regarding an effective and sustainable intervention strategy to achieve this goal. The aim of the healthy mums and babies (HUMBA) demonstration trial is to assess whether a multifaceted nutritional intervention and/or an oral probiotic treatment in obese pregnant women can reduce excessive GWG and optimise pregnancy outcomes...
November 24, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878797/choosing-wisely-at-the-end-of-life-the-crucial-role-of-medical-indication
#12
Gian Domenico Borasio, Ralf J Jox
At the end of life, several treatments are administered routinely that lack medical indication and may cause significant harm to patients. Examples include artificial hydration and oxygen therapy in the dying phase, as well as enteral nutrition in advanced dementia. Medical indication is defined as the appropriateness of a therapeutic or diagnostic measure in the patient's concrete clinical situation, in light of the best available evidence. The decision about the absence or presence of a medical indication is a core competence of physicians...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878212/obesity-paradox-obesity-orthodox-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-an-approach-to-unity
#13
Jesse Roth, Navneet Sahota, Priya Patel, Syed Faizan Mehdi, Mohammad Masum Wiese, Hafiz B Mahboob, Michelle Bravo, Daniel J Eden, Muhammad A Bashir, Amrat Kumar, Farah Alsaati, Irwin J Kurland, Wunnie Brima, Ann Danoff, Alessandra L Szulc, Valentin A Pavlov, Kevin J Tracey, Huan Yang
Obesity and the accompanying metabolic syndrome are strongly associated with heightened morbidity and mortality in older adults. In our review of more than 20 epidemiologic studies of major infectious diseases, including leaders such as tuberculosis, community-acquired pneumonia, and sepsis, obesity was associated with better outcomes. A cause-and-effect relationship between over-nutrition and survival with infection is suggested by results of two preliminary studies of infections in mice, where high fat feeding for 8-10 weeks provided much better outcomes...
November 16, 2016: Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876808/water-intake-and-urinary-hydration-biomarkers-in-children
#14
S A Kavouras, D Bougatsas, E C Johnson, G Arnaoutis, S Tsipouridi, D B Panagiotakos
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were as follows: (1) examine fluid intake and urinary hydration markers of children in Greece, (2) determine the calculated relative risk of hypohydration in children who did not meet the recommendations for daily water intake provided by the Institute of Medicine and the European Food Safety Authority compared with those who did and (3) analyze the efficacy of the recommendations as a method to achieve euhydration in children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: One hundred and fifty Greek boys and girls (age 9-13) recorded their fluid intake for 2 consecutive days...
November 23, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871944/predictors-of-food-decision-making-a-systematic-interdisciplinary-mapping-sim-review
#15
Claudia Symmank, Robert Mai, Stefan Hoffmann, F Marijn Stok, Britta Renner, Nanna Lien, Harald Rohm
The number of publications on consumer food decision making and its predictors and correlates has been steadily increasing over the last three decades. Given that different scientific disciplines illuminate this topic from different perspectives, it is necessary to develop an interdisciplinary overview. The aim of this study is to conduct a systematic interdisciplinary mapping (SIM) review by using rapid review techniques to explore the state-of-the-art, and to identify hot topics and research gaps in this field...
November 18, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871350/early-description-of-diet-induced-blistering-skin-diseases-in-medieval-persia-avicenna-s-point-of-view
#16
Fatemeh Atarzadeh, Babak Daneshfard, Ladan Dastgheib, Amir-Mohammad Jaladat, Gholamreza Amin
Pemphigus is an autoimmune blistering skin disease that is strongly associated with different environmental factors. Among these, nutritional factors are considered to trigger pemphigus; however, their role may be underestimated. Investigated more recently in conventional medicine, this causative bond between dietary factors and blistering skin diseases was mentioned by Persian scholars such as Avicenna a thousand years ago. Avicenna, a well-known Persian physician and philosopher, who could be considered a pioneer in dermatology, discussed skin diseases in a chapter in The Canon of Medicine...
2016: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865642/attention-to-physical-activity-equivalent-calorie-information-on-nutrition-facts-labels-an%C3%A2-eye-tracking-investigation
#17
Julia A Wolfson, Dan J Graham, Sara N Bleich
OBJECTIVE: Investigate attention to Nutrition Facts Labels (NFLs) with numeric only vs both numeric and activity-equivalent calorie information, and attitudes toward activity-equivalent calories. DESIGN: An eye-tracking camera monitored participants' viewing of NFLs for 64 packaged foods with either standard NFLs or modified NFLs. Participants self-reported demographic information and diet-related attitudes and behaviors. SETTING: Participants came to the Behavioral Medicine Lab at Colorado State University in spring, 2015...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863203/safflower-catharmus-tinctorius-l-oil-supplementation-in-overnourished-rats-during-early-neonatal-development-effects-on-heart-and-liver-function-in-the-adult
#18
Laís Ribeiro Costa, Patrícia Cavalcanti Macêdo, Janatar Stella Vasconcelos de Melo, Cristiane Moura Freitas, Aiany Simoes Alves, Humberto de Moura Barbosa, Eduardo Lira, Mariana Pinheiro Fernandes, Manuella Batista-de-Oliveira-Hornsby, Claudia Lagranha
Carthamus tinctorius L. (common name: safflower) is an herb whose extracted oil (safflower oil) has been employed in both alternative and conventional medicine in the treatment of disease. Overnutrition during early postnatal life can increase the lifetime risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome. Here we investigate the effect of safflower oil supplementation given during a critical early developmental stage on the eventual occurrence of metabolic disease in overnourished rats. Groups of overnourished or adequately nourished rats were randomly assigned into 2 additional groups for supplementation with either safflower oil (SF) or vehicle for 7 to 30 days...
December 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855498/mitochondria-targeted-nutraceuticals-in-sports-medicine-a-new-perspective
#19
Sergej M Ostojic
Since mitochondria have been recognized as the cells' key organelles involved in the energy utilization during exercise, targeting the organelle with specifically designed compounds (mitochondria-targeted nutraceuticals, MTNs) may have a great promise in the prevention and treatment of heavy exercise-related mitochondrial dysfunction. In vitro studies suggested that MTNs have antioxidant effects at the molecular level, and might boost mitochondrial biogenesis and organelle bioenergetics, with both processes are known to positively affect exercise performance and recovery...
November 18, 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852126/traditional-chinese-medicine-food-therapy-and-hypertension-control-a-narrative-review-of-chinese-literature
#20
Ping Zou
Despite the lack of English literature about Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) food therapy, there is abundant Chinese literature about the application of food therapy for hypertension control. This paper summarizes basic concepts of TCM, the principles of food therapy and its application for hypertension control according to Chinese literature. In TCM, food is conceptualized according to both nutritional and functional aspects, and can be used to treat illnesses. Four principles of TCM food therapy including light eating, balancing the "hot" and "cold" nature of food, the harmony of the five flavors of food, and consistency between dietary intake and different health conditions, can be used to facilitate hypertension control...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
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