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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882718/catching-up-or-falling-behind-continuing-wealth-disparities-for-immigrants-to-canada-by-region-of-origin-and-cohort
#1
Michelle Maroto, Laura Aylsworth
This paper investigates wealth disparities among first-generation immigrants using data from the 2012 Survey of Financial Security. We apply logistic and linear regression models to estimate disparities in homeownership and household equivalent net worth by immigrant status, region of origin, and time since arrival. By focusing on immigrant families from different regions who entered Canada at different points in time, this research applies theories related to assimilation, human capital, and structural barriers to wealth...
November 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882710/john-porter-book-prize-lecture-bringing-the-social-back-in-on-the-integration-of-muslim-immigrants-and-the-jurisprudence-of-muslim-minorities
#2
Abdolmohammad Kazemipur
In much of the academic debate on the integration of Muslims into Western liberal democracies, Islam is often treated as one or the sole independent variable in the lives of Muslims. Offering to view Islam-or the understanding of Islam among Muslims-as the dependent variable, The Muslim Question in Canada discusses the influence of socioeconomic forces in shaping the Muslim immigrants' opinions, modes of thinking, and even interpretations of their faith. Drawing on this general approach, which is introduced and developed in the book using a variety of both quantitative and qualitative data, this article focuses on a school of thought within the Islamic jurisprudence known as fiqh al-aqalliyyat al-Muslema (the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities)...
November 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874083/poly-l-ornithine-enhances-migration-of-neural-stem-progenitor-cells-via-promoting-%C3%AE-actinin-4-binding-to-actin-filaments
#3
Hongfei Ge, Anyong Yu, Jingyu Chen, Jichao Yuan, Yi Yin, Wangsheng Duanmu, Liang Tan, Yang Yang, Chuan Lan, Weixiang Chen, Hua Feng, Rong Hu
The recruitment of neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) for brain restoration after injury is a promising regenerative therapeutic strategy. This strategy involves enhancing proliferation, migration and neuronal differentation of NSPCs. To date, the lack of biomaterials, which facilitate these processes to enhance neural regeneration, is an obstacle for the cell replacement therapies. Our previous study has shown that NSPCs grown on poly-L-ornithine (PO) could proliferate more vigorously and differentiate into more neurons than that on Poly-L-Lysine (PLL) and Fibronectin (FN)...
November 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760661/-clinical-results-of-the-patients-with-severe-kyphosis-and-paraplegia-in-different-spine-segment-due-to-tuberculosis-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-treated-by-one-stage-posterior-surgical-procedure-to-debriment-of-lesion-bone-fusion-with-internal-fixation-by-pedicle
#4
J Tayierjiang, N Waresijiang, H Wang
Objective: To evaluate the clinical results of the patients with severe kyphosis and paraplegia in different spine segment due to tuberculosis of thoracic and lumbar had been treated by one stage posterior surgical procedure to debriment of lesion and titian mesh bone fusion with internal fixation by pedicle screw system. Method: From May 2008 to March 2014, there were total 30 patients with severe kyphosis and paraplegia in different spine segment due to tuberculosis of thoracic and lumbar in Department of Orthopaedics, the People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonoumy Region...
October 11, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605898/preliminary-studies-differences-in-microrna-expression-in-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#5
Małgorzata Pietrusińska, Aneta Pająk, Paweł Górski, Piotr Kuna, Janusz Szemraj, Agnieszka Goździńska-Nielepkowicz, Tadeusz Pietras
INTRODUCTION: The asthma- and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)-related morbidity has been increasing during the recent years. Both asthma and COPD are diseases of inflammatory etiology. The increasing interest in the pathomechanisms involved in the development of obstructive pulmonary diseases seems to be fully justified. Recent research has attempted to determine the associations of microRNA with the pathogenesis of pulmonary diseases. AIM: To assess the expression of microRNA in the blood sera of patients diagnosed with bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in comparison with healthy subjects...
August 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527993/-i-have-the-worst-fear-of-teachers-moments-of-inclusion-and-exclusion-in-family-school-relationships-among-indigenous-families-in-southern-ontario
#6
Emily Milne
Student success is facilitated by strong bonds between families and schools, including a shared sense of purpose and mutual trust. However, for Indigenous peoples these relationships are often broken, undermined by the legacy of residential schooling and assimilative educational practices. Drawing on interviews with 50 Indigenous (mainly Haudenosaunee, Anishinaabe, and Métis) and non-Indigenous parents and educators, this paper examines the ways in which issues of class and race shape interactions between teachers and Indigenous parents...
August 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515124/suppression-of-toll-like-receptor-4-dimerization-by-1-5-methoxy-2-2-nitrovinyl-phenyl-pyrrolidine
#7
Sang-Il Ahn, Ji-Soo Kim, Gyo-Jeong Gu, Hyeon-Myeong Shin, Ah-Yeon Kim, Hyun-Jin Shim, Yeon Joo Kim, Kwang Oh Koh, Joo Yang Mang, Dae Young Kim, Hyung-Sun Youn
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) recognizes lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and triggers the activation of myeloid differention factor 88 (MyD88) and the Toll/interleukin-1 receptor domain-containing adapter, inducing interferon-β (TRIF)-dependent major downstream signaling pathways. To evaluate the therapeutic potential of 1-[5-methoxy-2-(2-nitrovinyl)phenyl]pyrrolidine (MNP), previously synthesized in our laboratory, its effect on signal transduction via the TLR signaling pathways was examined. Here, we investigated whether MNP modulates the TLR4 signaling pathways and which anti-inflammatory target in TLR4 signaling is regulated by MNP...
October 2016: Archiv der Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511040/-effect-of-zinc-ion-on-the-expression-of-osteoblastic-proteins-in-mc3t3-e1-cells-in-inflammatory-environment
#8
J Z Tan, E M Nie, C Y Zhang, R Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of zinc ion on the expression of osteoblastic proteins. METHODS: Mice osteoblasts MC3T3-E1 cells were subcultured. Inflammatory environment model was established by tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α)at a concentration of 10 mg/L. According to different concentration of Zn(2+), the cells were divided into TNF-α group, control group, group A(TNF-α+10(-4) mol/L Zn(2+)), group B(TNF-α+10(-5) mol/L Zn(2+)), group C(TNF-α+10(-6) mol/L Zn(2+))...
August 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465996/l-incidence-de-l-hypotension-post-intubation-endotrach%C3%A3-ale-chez-des-patients-en-salle-de-r%C3%A3-animation-impact-des-d%C3%A3-finitions
#9
Marie-Claire Lévesque, Natalie Le Sage, Simon Berthelot, Valérie Boucher, Éric Mercier, Marcel Émond
UNLABELLED: Objectif Notre objectif primaire est de mesurer l'incidence d'HPI selon quatre définitions différentes retrouvées dans la littérature. Notre principal objectif secondaire est d'évaluer l'impact de la présence d'instabilité hémodynamique avant l'intubation sur l'incidence d'HPI. Le deuxième objectif secondaire consiste à déterminer l'incidence de l'HPI en fonction de l'intervalle de temps durant lequel la première hypotension survient. Méthode Une cohorte prospective a été constituée par les patients intubés en salle de réanimation à l'hôpital de l'Enfant-Jésus entre le 28/06/2011 et le 12/07/2012...
September 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458002/fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-of-a-mammary-myofibroblastoma-a-case-report-on-the-role-of-immunohistochemistry-and-cell-block-preparations-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#10
Aker Fügen, Sayman Elif, Gümrükçü Gülistan, Doğan Meryem, Gürleyik Günay
Myofibroblastoma (MFB) is a benign tumor of the mammary stroma with predominant myofibroblastic differention. The cytologic reports of MFB are very few in the available literature. From the cytodiagnostic point of view about 21 cases of MFB with cytological evaluation by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) have been encountered in the English-language literature: A 35-year-old woman presented with lump in the left breast. FNAC showed mild degree of pleomorphism with occasional groups with fibrous stroma and tumoral cells...
December 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27208420/the-anti-ngf-antibody-mumab-911-both-prevents-and-reverses-pain-behaviour-and-subchondral-osteoclast-numbers-in-a-rat-model-of-osteoarthritis-pain
#11
L Xu, L N Nwosu, J J Burston, P J Millns, D R Sagar, P I Mapp, P Meesawatsom, L Li, A J Bennett, D A Walsh, V Chapman
OBJECTIVE: Nerve growth factor (NGF) has a pivotal role in peripheral hyperalgesia and inflammation; anti-NGF antibodies attenuate pain responses in inflammatory pain models, and in people with osteoarthritis (OA) or low back pain. The aim of this study was to characterise the peripheral mechanisms contributing to the analgesic effects of anti-NGF antibody treatment in an established model of joint pain, which mimics key clinical features of OA. DESIGN: Effects of preventative vs therapeutic treatment with an anti-NGF antibody (monoclonal antibody 911: muMab 911 (10 mg/kg, s...
September 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27183963/self-employment-among-same-sex-and-opposite-sex-couples-in-canada
#12
Sean Waite, Nicole Denier
This study presents novel evidence on the relationship between sexual orientation and self-employment. Using data from the 2001 and 2006 Census of Canada and the 2011 Canadian National Household Survey, we explore the propensity for self-employment among same- and opposite-sex couples. We examine the demographic, human capital, and family characteristics of coupled gay men and lesbians relative to their coupled heterosexual counterparts to offer potential mechanisms generating differences in rates of self-employment...
May 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27059854/comparison-of-two-types-of-non-adherent-plate-for-neuronal-differentiation-of-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells
#13
Masamitsu Eitoku, Narufumi Suganuma, Hidenori Kiyosawa
In vitro differentiation systems of mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are widely used as tools for studies of cell differentiation, organogenesis, and regenerative medicine. We have studied the regulation of neuron-specific imprinting genes, Ube3a and its antisense transcripts (Ube3a ATS), using in vitro neuronal differentiation of F1 hybrid ESCs. Each different non-adherent plate used for embryoid body (EB) formation during differentiation is associated with different costs; notably, plates coated with 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) polymer are more expensive than untreated polystyrene plates...
December 2016: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27009502/micrornas-in-metabolism
#14
Sara Vienberg, Julian Geiger, Søren Madsen, Louise T Dalgaard
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have within the past decade emerged as key regulators of metabolic homeostasis. Major tissues in intermediary metabolism important during development of the metabolic syndrome, such as β-cells, liver, skeletal and heart muscle as well as adipose tissue have all been shown to be affected by miRNAs. In the pancreatic β-cell a number of miRNAs are important in maintaining the balance between differentiation and proliferation (miR-200 and miR-29 families) and insulin exocytosis in the differentiated state is controlled by miR-7, miR-375 and miR-335...
March 24, 2016: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26996236/the-mir-20-rest-wnt-signaling-axis-regulates-neural-progenitor-cell-differentiation
#15
Yi Cui, Jin Han, Zhifeng Xiao, Tong Chen, Bin Wang, Bing Chen, Sumei Liu, Sufang Han, Yongxiang Fang, Jianshu Wei, Xiujie Wang, Xu Ma, Jianwu Dai
Increasing evidence suggests that three dimensional (3-D) cell cultures are an improvement over traditional two dimensional (2-D) cell cultures. Current researches have extensively focused on the study of utilizing biomaterial-based 3-D culture systems to study and direct stem-cell fate both in vitro and in vivo. Here in our study, we screened the differential expression patterns of miRNAs between 2-D cultured and 3-D cultured NPCs using microarray analysis. Among these differentially expressed miRNAs, miR-20 was found to increase during differentiation of NPCs...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26978693/-not-available
#16
Isabelle Laurin, Danielle Guay, Michel Fournier, Nathalie Bigras, Anabel Solis
OBJECTIVES: Describe the preschool education of children in educational services. Study the effects of components of preschool educational service attendance on the development of kindergarten children, based on income. METHOD: A sample of 1,184 children was extracted from a survey frame that included Montréal children assessed in the 2012 Québec Survey of Child Development in Kindergarten (2012 QSCDK). Data collected from the parents of these children allowed us to document the following components of educational service attendance (independent variables): longitudinal profile of the service used; age at entry; duration; average weekly attendance; and cumulative time...
2015: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26877512/p-201-renal-vasculitis-in-still-disease
#17
S Toujani, F Daoud, Z Aydi, L Baili, B Ben Dhaou, F Boussema
OBJECTIFS: La maladie de Still de l'adulte (MSA) est une affection inflammatoire multisystémique d'étiologie inconnue caractérisée par une atteinte articulaire, une fièvre souvent hectique, une éruption fugace et des atteintes viscérales multiples. Au cours de cette affection systémique, l'atteinte rénale semble rare et polymorphe. Ce type d'atteinte est plus volontiers associé aux arthropathies sévères et à l'amylose de type AA. Des observations de néphropathies tubulo-interstitielles, membrano-polifératives ou mésangiales ont été rapportés...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26877497/p-188-blood-pressure-control-in-primary-glomerulonephritis-about-153-cases
#18
F Saada, S Talbi, F Atrouz, S Ouanoughi
OBJECTIFS: Le lien entre hypertension artérielle (HTA) et maladie rénale en général, fût établit par Richard Bright en 1837. L'hypertension artérielle est particulièrement fréquente dans les néphropathies glomérulaires primitives et cette fréquence dépend d'une part de la nature histologique de la lésion et d'autre part du débit de la filtration glomérulaire. l'objectif principal de notre étude est de déterminer la fréquence de l'hypertension artérielle chez des patients présentant des néphropathies glomérulaires primitives et d'en préciser le mécanisme physiopathologique selon les différentes lésions anatomopathologiques...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26877493/p-185-hypertension-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
M Najjar, H Jebali, R Kheder, M Khaddar, L Raïs, L Ben Fatma, W Smaoui, M Krid, F Ben Moussa, S Beji, K Zouaghi
OBJECTIFS: Au cours du lupus érythémateux systémique (LES), l'hypertension artérielle (HTA) est une manifestation fréquente de mécanisme multifactoriel. On se propose de déterminer le profil anatomo-clinique de l'HTA chez les patients ayant une néphropathie lupique (NL). MéTHODES: Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective portant sur 42 patients suivis pour LES colligés sur une période de 7 ans (2007-2015). Nous avons étudié leurs caractéristiques cliniques, biologiques, histologiques et évolutives...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26877488/p-180-the-dry-weight-of-the-ceaseless-quest-for-chronic-he-modialysis-in-controlling-blood-pressure-what-strategy-adopted
#20
L Azouaou, A Belalbes, S Benssouna, L Bezzi, A Bellout, A Benoui, M Arab, N Raaf, W Missoum, M Cherifi, T Rayane
OBJECTIFS: La régulation de la tension artérielle est très difficile chez les patients hémodialysés. La correction de l'HTA en hémodialyse se fait par la méthode du poids sec. L'erreur d'estimation du poids sec chez les hémodialysés chroniques affecte leur morbi-mortalité. L'objectif de notre étude est de comparer les résultats de l'estimation « subjective » du poids sec par la clinique avec les résultats, de l'impédancemétrie, de l'échographie de la veine cave inférieure et du dosage du BNP, en vue de déterminer les facteurs de risque d'erreur d'estimation clinique du poids sec...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
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