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Dario Muti, Barbara Carpita, Elisa Diadema, Gabriele Massimetti, Luciano Conti, Claudia Carmassi, Liliana Dell'Osso
RIASSUNTO. Scopo. La maggior parte della ricerca storiografica sulla psichiatria agli inizi del ventesimo secolo prende principalmente in considerazione l'istituzione manicomiale. Per indagare le caratteristiche di internamento in una popolazione clinica, abbiamo analizzato i registri clinici, recentemente resi disponibili, della Clinica di Malattie Nervose e Mentali dell'Università di Pisa, prendendo in considerazione tutte le ammissioni dal 24 aprile 1907 al 31 gennaio 1913. Metodo. Sono stati raccolti dati demografici e clinici di 1068 pazienti, effettuando test del Chi Quadrato per elicitare la correlazione fra trasferimento manicomiale e differenza di genere; inoltre sono stati effettuati T-Test per confrontare la media di età, la media di giorni di ospedalizzazione e la media di ricoveri successivi nei pazienti trasferiti in manicomio e in quelli licenziati...
March 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
Fang Wei, Wei-Huan Zhang, Xiu-Lian Zhang, Xiao-Jing Ge, Shu-Qin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect and mechanism of mTOR signaling on adipogenesis of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BM-MSCs) from aplastic anemia (AA) patients through regulation of PPARγ. METHODS: BM-MSCs were isolated from 24 newly diagnosed AA patients and 24 healthy controls. The surface antigen expression of BM-MSCs was identified by flow cytometry. The capacity of adipogenic differentiation of BM-MSCs was determined by lipid droplets based on Oil Red O staining and by the expression of FABP4 based on Western blot...
April 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Anil Murat Ozturk, Murat Celal Sozbilen, Elvin Sevgili, Taner Dagci, Halit Özyalcin, Guliz Armagan
Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to vascular damage and disruption of blood-spinal cord barrier which participates in secondary nerve injury. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is an endogenous protein which regulates cell proliferation, growth and differention. Previous studies reported that EGF exerts neuroprotective effect in spinal cord after SCI. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying EGF-mediated protection in different regions of nervous system have not shown yet. In this study, we aimed to examine possible anti-apoptotic and protective roles of EGF not only in spinal cord but also in brain following SCI...
March 22, 2018: Injury
Nazarena Cataldo, Valeria Pegoraro, Claudio Ripellino, Valentino Bertasi, Roberta Di Turi, Maurizio Pastorello, Marco Gambera
The aim of this study is to compare discontinuation risk and health care resource utilization between vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) and non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in newly treated patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Based on administrative databases of five Italian Local Healthcare Units, all patients with a discharge diagnosis of NVAF between 2011 and 2014 were selected. Among them, the incident users of NOACs and VKAs in 2014 were followed-up to from the first prescription date to the occurrence of anyone of the following events: a 90-day gap in therapy, switch to a different molecule or add-on of a different molecule into the regimen, death of patient, end of follow-up (December 2015)...
February 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Ya-Xun Men, Yong-Liang Zhao, Xiang-Yun Cheng, Wan-Quan Cao, Gang Wang, Zi-Quan Yang
Mechanical stimulation widely exists in the body and participates in adjusting biological behavior of many kinds of cells. As a common stress pattern in the body, the tensile strain widely exists in many organs, such as bone and cartilage, muscle tendon, cardiac and pulmonary vessels, and so on. In recent years, with the development of the researches of biomechanics, a variety of mechanical loading devices, which are used to simulate the complex mechanical stimulation in the body to provide the tensile strain including the isometric, uniaxial and various types of mechanical waveform, came into being...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Li-Ping Yang, Ya-Ping Dong, Wen-Ting Luo, Tong Zhu, Qi-Wei Li, Li-Jun Zhang, Juan Kong, Zheng-Wei Yuan, Qun Zhao
Calcium binding protein calbindin-D28K (CaBP28K) mediates the relationship between vitamin D and calcium, but its mechanism remains unclear during bone formation. The present study reports that maternal CaBP28K levels were positively correlated with paired umbilical cord CaBP28K levels. In addition, CaBP28K levels were positively correlated with the body length, and head and chest circumferences of neonates, but negatively correlated with maternal 25(OH)D3 levels. CaBP28K was also downregulated in MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts when treated with 1,25(OH)2D or VDR overexpression, but was upregulated in the femur of 1α(OH)ase(-/-) mice...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Karen Whalley Hammell
Le thème du Congrès 2017 de l'Association canadienne des ergothérapeutes a suscité des réflexions sur les différentes manières d'orienter l'avenir de notre profession. But. Ce discours commémoratif Muriel Driver examine comment nous pourrions façonner l'avenir de l'ergothérapie afin qu'elle devienne plus importante, plus pertinente et plus avantageuse pour la société. Questions clés. Comme la participation occupationnelle est essentielle au bien-être humain et comme le bien-être fait partie intégrante des droits de la personne, l'ergothérapie pourrait promouvoir le droit de toute personne de participer à des occupations qui contribuent positivement à son propre bien-être et à celui de sa communauté...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
Elizabeth Brunt, Shinichi Aishima, Pierre-Alain Clavien, Kathryn Fowler, Zachary Goodman, Gregory Gores, Annette Gouw, Alex Kagen, David Klimstra, Mina Komuta, Fukuo Kondo, Rebecca Miksad, Masayuki Nakano, Yasuni Nakanuma, Irene Ng, Valerie Paradis, Young Nyun Park, Alberto Quaglia, Massimo Roncalli, Tania Roskams, Michiie Sakamoto, Romil Saxena, Christine Sempoux, Claude Sirlin, Ashley Stueck, Swan Thung, W M S Tsui, Xin-Wei Wang, Aileen Wee, Hirohisa Yano, Matthew Yeh, Yoh Zen, Jessica Zucman-Rossi, Neil Theise
Primary liver carcinomas with both hepatocytic and cholangiocytic differentiation have been referred to as "combined (or mixed) hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma." These tumors, although described over 100 years ago, have attracted greater attention recently because of interest in possible stem cell origin and perhaps because of greater frequency and clinical recognition. Currently, due to lack of common terminology in the literature, effective treatment and predictable outcome data have been challenging to accrue...
January 23, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
L Fenzl, K Bubel, M Mehrmann, G Schneider
Soft tissue tumors represent a special challenge in interdisciplinary cooperation. Malignant tumors require a multimodal therapy concept so that patient treatment in a specialized tumor center is recommended. The task of the surgeon in close cooperation with the radiologist is the resection of the tumor in sano with the required safety margin. The aim of diagnostic imaging is to describe the primary expansion of the tumor size and a possible tumor infiltration of adjacent compartments. The most important diagnostic imaging for this purpose is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), especially T1-weighted fat-suppressed gadolinium-enhanced sequences...
January 2018: Der Radiologe
Ibrahim F Naldemir, Derya Guclu, H Baki Altınsoy, H Berk Canga, Omer Onbas
The occipital bone is a complex structure due to its anatomy and accessory sutures. Fracture - accessory suture differential diagnosis should be performed carefully in patients with a history of head trauma [4]. In this case report we wanted to emphasize that accessory sutures can be difficult to diagnose in patients with head trauma. We also specified the points to be considered in the suture - fracture differentional diagnosis. A bilateral, symmetrical fissure line was observed in the occipital bone basal part of the patient who was admitted to our emergency department due to head trauma...
March 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Carine Sangaleti, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Marina Peduzzi, Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone Zoboli, Cassia Baldini Soares
BACKGROUND: During the last decade, teamwork has been addressed under the rationale of interprofessional practice or collaboration, highlighted by the attributes of this practice such as: interdependence of professional actions, focus on user needs, negotiation between professionals, shared decision making, mutual respect and trust among professionals, and acknowledgment of the role and work of the different professional groups. Teamwork and interprofessional collaboration have been pointed out as astrategy for effective organization of health care services as the complexity of healthcare requires integration of knowledge and practices from differente professional groups...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Raewyn Connell
This reflection on the relevance of sociology starts with the different forms of social knowledge, and some autobiographical reflection on my engagement with the discipline. A research-based social science is made urgent by the prevalence of distortion and pseudoscience in the public realm. However, the research-based knowledge formation is embedded in a global economy of knowledge that centers on a privileged group of institutions and produces major imbalances on a world scale. Sociological data collection has important uses in policy and public discussion...
August 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
Wei-Li Wang, Le Wang, Tian-Yuan Hu, Cong Li, Wei-Ping Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To knock out PDK1 by using Vav-Cre and observe the effects of PDK1 knock out on the ratio, number and differentiation of neutrophil. METHODS: The PDK1 expression level of Vav-Cre;PDK1(lox/lox) mouse in the bone marrow cells was analyzed by RT-PCR. The effect of PDK1 on hematopoietic progenitor was observed by CFU-C assay, and the effect of PDK1 on the ratio and number of neutrophil was detected by flow cytometric analysis. RESULTS: The RNA expression level of bone marrow cells of Vav-Cre;PDK1(lox/lox) mouse was dramatically lower than that of the control mouse...
June 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Xi Li, Cheng Chen, Zhen-Mei An, Yu-Jue Li, Mei Zhang, He He, Shuang-Qing Li
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of fibroblast growth factor-21(FGF-21)on the osteogenic differention of human bone mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) exposed to a hyperglycemia condition in vitro. METHODS: hBMSCs were isolated from adult bone marrows, and identified by Alizarin red and oil red O staining. The expressions of immunophenotype were analysed using flow cytometry (CD105, CD90, CD73, CD44).HBMSCs were divided into control group[glucose (Glu) concentration of 5...
September 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Ediz Coskun, Merve Ercin, Selda Gezginci-Oktayoglu
In this study, we aimed to research the effects of class-I HDACs and glucose on differentiation of pancreatic islet derived mesenchymal stem cells (PI-MSCs) to beta cells. Beta cell differentiation determined by flow cytometric analysis and gene expression levels of PDX1, PAX4, PAX6, NKX6.1, NGN3, INS2, and GLUT2. As a result the valproic acid, is an inhibitor of class-I HDACs, caused the highest beta cell differentiation in PI-MSCs. However, the cells in this group were at early stages of differentiation. Glucose co-administration to this group carried the differentiation to higher levels, but these newly formed beta cells were not functional...
January 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Chi-Chien Lin, Der-Yuan Chen, Kuo-Tung Tang, Ya-Hsuan Chao, Ching-Hui Shen, Ping-Wing Lui
Propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) is probably the most widely used intravenous anesthetic agent in daily practice. It has been reported to show immunomodulatory activity. However, the effect of propofol on the differention of T cells remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated for the first time that propofol inhibited both interleukin (IL)-6 plus transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-induced Th17 cell differentiation in vitro and in LPS-challenged mice. Propofol also suppressed the IL-6-induced phosphorylation of Janus kinase-2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT3) pathway, a cytokine-activated essential transcription factor in Th17 cell development, which occurred concomitantly with the enhancement of suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS3) expression involved in the downregulation of STAT3 phosphorylation...
May 30, 2017: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
Shu-Hong Zhang, Fen-Yan An, Ji-Xin Xu, Ling-Jun Kong, Hai-Long He, Yi-Huan Chai, Wen-Lin Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical features and prognostic factors of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in high-risk (HR) group. METHODS: A total of 421 children with ALL in the Children's Hospital of Soochow University from August 2008 to March 2013 were diagnosed and treated according to the Chinese Children Leukemia Group (CCLG)-2008 Protocol. Among different risk-groups, 148 cases were stratified into the low-risk group and 191 cases were included in the moderate-risk group...
April 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Hirotake Tsukamoto, Koji Fujieda, Masatoshi Hirayama, Tokunori Ikeda, Akira Yuno, Keiko Matsumura, Daiki Fukuma, Kimi Araki, Hiroshi Mizuta, Hideki Nakayama, Satoru Senju, Yasuharu Nishimura
IL6 produced by tumor cells promotes their survival, conferring a poor prognosis in patients with cancer. IL6 also contributes to immunosuppression of CD4(+) T cell-mediated antitumor effects. In this study, we focused on the impact of IL6 trans-signaling mediated by soluble IL6 receptors (sIL6R) expressed in tumor-bearing hosts. Higher levels of sIL6R circulating in blood were observed in tumor-bearing mice, whereas the systemic increase of sIL6R was not prominent in tumor-bearing mice with myeloid cell-specific conditional deletion of IL6R even when tumor cells produced sIL6R...
May 1, 2017: Cancer Research
George Markousis-Mavrogenis, Luis Eduardo Juárez-Orozco, Erick Alexanderson
BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION/AIM: Positron emission tomography (PET) is the gold standard for the quantification of myocardial blood flow (MBF). A standard PET scan is acquired in two phases (rest and pharmacological stress). (13)N-ammonia is a perfusion radiotracer that may show residual activity, which may affect MBF estimation during the second phase of the scan. An algorithm for residual activity correction (RAC) is available when reconstruction is performed using Syngo MBF (by Siemens)...
May 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
Dharmalingam Subramaniam, Gaurav Kaushik, Prasad Dandawate, Shrikant Anant
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is one of the deadliest cancers worldwide and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in United States. Regardless of the advances in molecular pathogenesis and consequential efforts to suppress the disease, this cancer remains a major health problem in United States. By 2030, the projection is that pancreatic cancer will be climb up to be the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Pancreatic cancer is a rapidly invasive and highly metastatic cancer, and does not respond to standard therapies...
January 26, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
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