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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334332/quantifying-lower-extremity-and-trunk-function-for-dressing-in-stroke-patients-a-retrospective-observational-study
#1
Takaaki Fujita, Atsushi Sato, Kazuaki Iokawa, Kazuhiro Yamane, Yuichi Yamamoto, Yoko Ohira, Koji Otsuki, Fusae Tozato
Background Dressing performance relates strongly with balance function, and it is mainly influenced by the motor functions of the affected and unaffected lower extremity and trunk function in stroke patients. For the remedial approach to be effective, ascertaining the degree of function needed in the affected and unaffected lower extremities and trunk to achieve balance function requisite for dressing is necessary. Objectives This study aimed to elucidate standards of lower extremity and trunk function necessary for stroke patients to gain balance requisite for dressing...
January 15, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332743/myoeletric-indices-of-fatigue-adopting-different-rest-intervals-during-leg-press-sets
#2
Humberto Miranda, Marianna Maia, Carlos G de Oliveira, Déborah Farias, Jurandir B da Silva, Vicente P Lima, Jeffrey M Willardson, Gabriel A Paz
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effect of different rest intervals between multiple sets of the 45° angled leg press exercise (LP45) on surface electromyographic (SEMG) spectral and amplitude indices of fatigue. METHODS: Fifteen recreationally trained females performed three protocols in a randomized crossover design; each consisting of four sets of 10 repetitions with 1 (P1), 3 (P3), or 5 (P5) minute rest intervals between sets...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332078/magnetic-resonance-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-for-treating-movement-disorders
#3
Young Goo Kim, Eun Jung Kweon, Won Seok Chang, Hyun Ho Jung, Jin Woo Chang
Transcranial magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) surgery has recently gained favor as a novel, noninvasive alternative to conventional neurosurgery. In contrast to traditional ablative interventions, transcranial MRgFUS surgery is entirely imaging-guided and uses continuous temperature measurements at the target and surrounding tissue taken in real-time. Unlike Gamma Knife radiosurgery, MRgFUS surgery can make a lesion immediately and does not use ionizing radiation. Moreover, since no metallic device is implanted, MR imaging-based diagnosis is not restricted throughout life...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330697/implementation-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy-in-residential-treatment-programs-a-process-evaluation-model-for-a-community-based-agency
#4
Amber M Holbrook, Susan R Hunt, Mary Renata See
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) can be challenging to implement in community-based settings. Little guidance is available on models to evaluate the effectiveness or sustainability of training and implementation efforts. Residential programs have much to gain from introduction of evidence-based practices, but present their own challenges in implementation. This paper presents a low-cost process evaluation model to assess DBT training piloted in residential programs. The model targets staff and organizational factors associated with successful implementation of evidence-based practices and matches data collection to the four stages of the DBT training model...
January 12, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328276/femto-nano-second-switchable-passively-mode-locked-fiber-laser-with-analytic-modeling-by-the-cubic-quintic-ginzburg-landau-equation
#5
Wen-Hsuan Kuan, Li-Ting Kao, Jing-Yun Wang, Kuei-Huei Lin
We report a passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser with pulse widths switchable from 473 fs to 76.8 ns, where the fundamental mode-locking, noise-like pulse, nanosecond mode-locking, and dual-width mode-locking (DML) are obtained by adjusting a polarization controller. Co-existence of femto- and nano-second pulses in DML is attributed to the gain balancing. Analytic modeling of the fiber laser with the cubic-quintic Ginzburg-Landau equation is presented, in which the pulse widths are calculated as functions of dispersion, self-phase modulation (SPM), cubic saturable absorption (SA), and quintic SA...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325583/an-integrated-delivery-of-care-approach-to-improve-patient-reported-physical-function-and-mental-wellbeing-after-orthopedic-trauma-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Laura Zdziarski-Horodyski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Matthew Patrick, Robert Guenther, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma injury impacts nearly 2.8 million people each year. Despite surgical improvements and excellent survivorship rates, many patients experience poor quality of life (QOL) outcomes years later. Psychological distress commonly occurs after injury. Distressed patients more frequently experience rehospitalizations, pain medication dependence, and low QOL. This study was developed to test whether an integrative care approach (IntCare; ten-step program of emotional support, education, customized resources, and medical care) was superior to usual care (UsCare)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323887/benchmarking-excited-state-calculations-using-exciton-properties
#7
Stefanie A Mewes, Felix Plasser, Anna Krylov, Andreas Dreuw
Benchmarking is an every-day task in computational chemistry, yet making meaningful comparisons between different methods is non-trivial. Benchmark studies often focus on the most obvious quantities such as energy differences. But to gain insight, it is desirable to explain the discrepancies between theoretical methods in terms of underlying wavefunctions and, consequently, physically relevant quantities. We present a new strategy of benchmarking excited-state calculations, which goes beyond excitation energies and oscillator strengths and involves the analysis of exciton properties based on the one-particle transition density matrix...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321267/extreme-call-amplitude-from-near-field-acoustic-wave-coupling-in-the-stridulating-water-insect-micronecta-scholtzi-micronectinae
#8
Andrew Reid, David J W Hardie, David Mackie, Joseph C Jackson, James F C Windmill
Underwater acoustic transducers, particularly at low frequencies, are beset by problems of scale and inefficiency due to the large wavelengths of sound in water. In insect mating calls, a high call volume is usually desirable, increasing the range of signal transmission and providing a form of advertisement of the signaller's quality to a potential mate; however, the strength of the call is constrained by body size and by the need to avoid predators who may be listening in. Male crickets and water boatmen avoid some of the limitations of body size by exploiting resonant structures, which produce sharply tuned species-specific songs, but call frequency and volume remain linked to body size...
January 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319723/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-intensive-care-unit-survivors-experience-of-a-multidisciplinary-outpatient-clinic-in-a-teaching-hospital
#9
Péricles A D Duarte, Jaquilene Barreto Costa, Silvana Trilo Duarte, Sheila Taba, Claudia Regina Felicetti Lordani, Erica Fernanda Osaku, Claudia Rejane Lima Macedo Costa, Dalas Cristina Miglioranza, Daniela Prochnow Gund, Amaury Cesar Jorge
OBJECTIVES: To describe the experience of an outpatient clinic with the multidisciplinary evaluation of intensive care unit survivors and to analyze their social, psychological, and physical characteristics in a low-income population and a developing country. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study. Adult survivors from a general intensive care unit were evaluated three months after discharge in a post-intensive care unit outpatient multidisciplinary clinic over a period of 6 years (2008-2014) in a University Hospital in southern Brazil...
December 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319076/phonon-thermal-transport-in-a-graphene-mose2-van-der-waals-heterobilayer
#10
Yang Hong, Ming Gang Ju, Jingchao Zhang, Xiao Cheng Zeng
Combining the best of different monolayers in one ultimate van der Waals (vdW) heterostructure is an appealing approach for practical applications. Recently, a graphene (GR) and molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) heterobilayer was successfully fabricated experimentally. The superior electrical conductivity of GR combined with the unique photoelectrical properties and direct bandgap of MoSe2 can yield many potential applications, such as Li-ion batteries, tunneling field effect transistors and two-dimensional non-volatile memory devices...
January 10, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318170/injury-incidence-and-patterns-among-dutch-crossfit-athletes
#11
Mirwais Mehrab, Robert-Jan de Vos, Gerald A Kraan, Nina M C Mathijssen
Background: CrossFit is a strength and conditioning program that has gained widespread recognition, with 11,000 affiliated gyms worldwide. The incidence of injuries during CrossFit training is poorly analyzed. Purpose: To investigate the incidence of injuries for persons participating in CrossFit. Risk factors for injury and injury mechanisms were also explored through athlete demographics and characteristics. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311749/veiled-symmetry-of-disordered-parity-time-lattices-protected-pt-threshold-and-the-fate-of-localization
#12
Andrew K Harter, Franck Assogba Onanga, Yogesh N Joglekar
Open, non-equilibrium systems with balanced gain and loss, known as parity-time ([Formula: see text])-symmetric systems, exhibit properties that are absent in closed, isolated systems. A key property is the [Formula: see text]-symmetry breaking transition, which occurs when the gain-loss strength, a measure of the openness of the system, exceeds the intrinsic energy-scale of the system. We analyze the fate of this transition in disordered lattices with non-Hermitian gain and loss potentials ±iγ at reflection-symmetric sites...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306767/effects-of-concurrent-training-on-muscle-strength-in-older-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Vania Fernanda Clemente Agner, Marcia Carvalho Garcia, Andre Andriolli Taffarel, Camila Baudini Mourão, Isabel Paulo da Silva, Sara Pereira da Silva, Maria Stella Peccin, Império Lombardi
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent among older adults. Concurrent training comprises muscle strengthening and aerobic exercise. OBJECTIVE: Determine the effects of a concurrent training program on muscle strength, walking function, metabolic profile, cardiovascular risk, use of medications and quality of life among older adults with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A randomised, controlled, blind, clinical trial was conducted in the city of Santos, state of São Paulo, Brazil, involving 41 male and female older adults...
December 24, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306722/resonance-raman-scattering-of-%C3%AE-carotene-solution-excited-by-visible-laser-beams-into-second-singlet-state
#14
Luyao Lu, Lingyan Shi, Jeff Secor, Robert Alfano
This study aimed to use self-absorption correction to determine the Raman enhancement of β-carotene. The Raman spectra of β-carotene solutions were measured using 488nm, 514nm, 532nm and 633nm laser beams, which exhibited significant resonance Raman (RR) enhancement when the laser energy approaches the electronic transition energy from S0 to S2 state. The Raman intensity and the actual resonance Raman gain without self-absorption from S2 state by β-carotene were also obtained to evaluate the effect of self-absorption on RR scattering...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305245/home-parenteral-nutrition-increases-fat-free-mass-in-patients-with-incurable-gastrointestinal-cancer-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Sine Roelsgaard Obling, Benedicte Vibjerg Wilson, Per Pfeiffer, Jens Kjeldsen
OBJECTIVE: Preventing loss of muscle mass and function is an enduring challenge in malnourished patients with incurable cancer. The benefit of supplemental home parenteral nutrition has not been firmly established. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of supplemental home parenteral nutrition, the primary endpoint being fat free mass (FFM) and secondary: muscle function, quality of life and overall survival. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a single centre open-label randomised controlled trial, patients with incurable gastrointestinal cancer, nutritionally at risk, were randomly assigned to either; a) best practice nutritional care and dietetic counselling (non-sHPN) or b) dietetic counselling and supplemental home parenteral nutrition (sHPN group)...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304112/a-complex-network-approach-reveals-a-pivotal-substructure-of-genes-linked-to-schizophrenia
#16
Alfonso Monaco, Anna Monda, Nicola Amoroso, Alessandro Bertolino, Giuseppe Blasi, Pasquale Di Carlo, Marco Papalino, Giulio Pergola, Sabina Tangaro, Roberto Bellotti
Research on brain disorders with a strong genetic component and complex heritability, such as schizophrenia, has led to the development of brain transcriptomics. This field seeks to gain a deeper understanding of gene expression, a key factor in exploring further research issues. Our study focused on how genes are associated amongst each other. In this perspective, we have developed a novel data-driven strategy for characterizing genetic modules, i.e., clusters of strongly interacting genes. The aim was to uncover a pivotal community of genes linked to a target gene for schizophrenia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297344/ioptics-gso-for-identifying-protein-complexes-from-dynamic-ppi-networks
#17
Xiujuan Lei, Huan Li, Aidong Zhang, Fang-Xiang Wu
BACKGROUND: Identifying protein complexes plays an important role for understanding cellular organization and functional mechanisms. As plenty of evidences have indicated that dense sub-networks in dynamic protein-protein interaction network (DPIN) usually correspond to protein complexes, identifying protein complexes is formulated as density-based clustering. METHODS: In this paper, a new approach named iOPTICS-GSO is developed, which is the improved Ordering Points to Identify the Clustering Structure (OPTICS) algorithm with Glowworm swarm optimization algorithm (GSO) to optimize the parameters in OPTICS when finding dense sub-networks...
December 28, 2017: BMC Medical Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290017/weight-bearing-exercise-can-elicit-similar-peak-muscle-activation-as-medium-high-intensity-resistance-exercise-in-elderly-women
#18
Remco J Baggen, Evelien Van Roie, Jaap H van Dieën, Sabine M Verschueren, Christophe Delecluse
PURPOSE: To assess whether stepping-based weight bearing exercise (WBE) can elicit peak activation of upper leg muscles similar to resistance exercise (RE) at an intensity required to induce strength gains in elderly women. METHODS: Muscular activation of several upper leg muscles was measured during RE and WBE in a cohort of 19 healthy elderly women (69.3 ± 3.4 years). WBE consisted of forward and lateral stepping with step heights of 10, 20 and 30 cm. Muscular activation was compared to 60% of one-repetition maximum (1-RM) of congruent RE...
December 30, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287678/the-who-tailoring-immunization-programmes-tip-approach-review-of-implementation-to-date
#19
Eve Dubé, Julie Leask, Brent Wolff, Benjamin Hickler, Victor Balaban, Everold Hosein, Katrine Habersaat
INTRODUCTION: The WHO Regional Office for Europe developed the Guide to tailoring immunization programmes (TIP), offering countries a process through which to diagnose barriers and motivators to vaccination in susceptible low vaccination coverage and design tailored interventions. A review of TIP implementation was conducted in the European Region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The review was conducted during June to December 2016 by an external review committee and was based on visits in Bulgaria, Lithuania, Sweden and the United Kingdom that had conducted a TIP project; review of national and regional TIP documents and an online survey of the Member States in the WHO European Region that had not conducted a TIP project...
December 26, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285411/simple-training-tricks-for-mastering-and-taming-bypass-procedures-in-neurosurgery
#20
Ahmad Hafez, Rahul Raj, Michael T Lawton, Mika Niemelä
Background: Neurosurgeons devoted to bypass neurosurgery or revascularization neurosurgery are becoming scarcer. From a practical point of view, "bypass neurosurgeons" are anastomosis makers, vessels technicians, and time-racing repairers of vessel walls. This requires understanding the key features and hidden tricks of bypass surgery. The goal of this paper is to provide simple and inexpensive tricks for taming the art of bypass neurosurgery. Most of these tricks and materials described can be borrowed, donated, or purchased inexpensively...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
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