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titanium corrosion

Sonika Patel, Carl T Talmo, Sumon Nandi
BACKGROUND: Taper corrosion at the modular junctions of total hip arthroplasty (THA) femoral stems are known to cause locally destructive adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR). However, the implants at risk remain to be fully elucidated. CASE REVIEW: We report the case of a 76-year-old woman with hip pain, abductor weakness, and sciatic nerve symptoms 2 years following metal-on-polyethylene THA. Serum cobalt levels were elevated, while chromium levels were normal...
October 15, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Hansong Li, Chuanping Gao, Guoqian Wang, Ningsong Qu, Di Zhu
The titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V is used in many industries including aviation, automobile manufacturing, and medical equipment, because of its low density, extraordinary corrosion resistance and high specific strength. Electrochemical machining (ECM) is a non-traditional machining method that allows applications to all kinds of metallic materials in regardless of their mechanical properties. It is widely applied to the machining of Ti-6Al-4V components, which usually takes place in a multicomponent electrolyte solution...
October 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
Manuel Alberto Bortagaray, Claudio Arturo Antonio Ibañez, Maria Constanza Ibañez, Juan Carlos Ibañez
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Noble Bond(®) Argen(®) alloy was electrochemically suitable for the manufacturing of prosthetic superstructures over commercially pure titanium (c.p. Ti) implants. Also, the electrolytic corrosion effects over three types of materials used on prosthetic suprastructures that were coupled with titanium implants were analysed: Noble Bond(®) (Argen(®) ), Argelite 76sf +(®) (Argen(®) ), and commercially pure titanium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 15 samples were studied, consisting in 1 abutment and one c...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
M Golasik, M Herman, W Piekoszewski
Owing to the widespread use of titanium dioxide (TiO2) in various food, household and cosmetic products and in industry, the number of publications concerned with the potential toxic effects and health risks related to this substance in both bulk and nano form is steadily increasing. On the other hand, there is also a third form of titanium, ionic, which is produced by the biodegradation of Ti alloy implants. Thus, the growing population of implant recipients should raise concerns about the impact of soluble Ti on human health...
September 29, 2016: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
Xiaoxin Ye, Guoyi Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Zlatko Stanec, Jasna Halambek, Krešimir Maldini, Martin Balog, Peter Križik, Zdravko Schauperl, Amir Ćatić
BACKGROUND: The innovative titanium-magnesium composite (Ti-Mg) was produced by powder metallurgy (P/M) method and is characterized in terms of corrosion behavior. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two groups of experimental material, 1 mass% (Ti-1Mg) and 2 mass% (Ti-2Mg) of magnesium in titanium matrix, were tested and compared to commercially pure titanium (CP Ti). Immersion test and chemical analysis of four solutions: artificial saliva; artificial saliva pH 4; artificial saliva with fluoride and Hank balanced salt solution were performed after 42 days of immersion, using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) to detect the amount of released titanium ions (Ti)...
March 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Mohamed K Mostafa, Robert W Peters
Pollution prevention (P2) assessment was conducted by applying the three R's: reduce, reuse, and recycle in a chemical industry for the purpose of reducing the amount of wastewater generated, reusing paint wastewater in the manufacture of cement bricks, recycling cooling water, and improving water usage efficiency. The results of this study showed that the annual wastewater flow generated from the paint manufacturing can be reduced from 1,100 m(3) to 488.4 m(3) (44.4% reduction) when a high pressure hose is used...
September 20, 2016: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Erlin Zhang, Xiaoyan Wang, Mian Chen, Bing Hou
Ti-Cu alloys have exhibited strong antibacterial ability, but Ti-Cu alloys prepared by different processes showed different antibacterial ability. In order to reveal the controlling mechanism, Ti-Cu alloys with different existing forms of Cu element were prepared in this paper. The effects of the Cu existing form on the microstructure, mechanical, corrosion and antibacterial properties of Ti-Cu alloys have been systematically investigated. Results have shown that the as-cast Ti-Cu alloys showed a higher hardness and mechanical strength as well as a higher antibacterial rate (51-64%) but a relatively lower corrosion resistance than pure titanium...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Majid Mirzaee, Mohammadreza Vaezi, Yahya Palizdar
Silver-doped hydroxyapatite (Ca10-xAgx(PO4)6(OH)2-x) films were synthesized and deposited on anodized titanium (Ti) using electrophoretic. The influence of different silver-dopant contents (X=0, 0.02, 0.05, 0.08 and 0.1) on the phase formation and microstructure of the powders were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscope (XPS), and Fourier transform infrared spectrum analysis (FT-IR). XRD analysis confirmed the formation of Hexagonal structure of hydroxyapatite (HAp) annealed at 600°C with a small shift in the major peak position toward lower angles with adding silver...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
S Munir, R A Oliver, B Zicat, W L Walter, W K Walter, W R Walsh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterise and qualitatively grade the severity of the corrosion particles released into the hip joint following taper corrosion. METHODS: The 26 cases examined were CoC/ABG Modular (n = 13) and ASR/SROM (n = 13). Blood serum metal ion levels were collected before and after revision surgery. The haematoxylin and eosin tissue sections were graded on the presence of fibrin exudates, necrosis, inflammatory cells and corrosion products...
September 2016: Bone & Joint Research
Haosen Wang, Zhixiu Hao, Shizhu Wen
Intramedullary interlocking nailing is an effective technique used to treat long bone fractures. Recently, biodegradable metals have drawn increased attention as an intramedullary interlocking nailing material. In this study, numerical simulations were implemented to determine whether the degradation rate of magnesium alloy makes it a suitable material for manufacturing biodegradable intramedullary interlocking nails. Mechano-regulatory and bone-remodeling models were used to simulate the fracture healing process, and a surface corrosion model was used to simulate intramedullary rod degradation...
August 10, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Xiaomeng Wang, Minghui Li, Xiaojie Song, Zhihao Chen, Bingdang Wu, Shujuan Zhang
The nontoxicity of titanium (Ti) and the potential to produce valuable photocatalysts from the final coagulated sludge constitute the main advantages of Ti-based coagulants over conventional ones. However, the low effluent pH and the too-fast hydrolysis limit the wide application of Ti-salt coagulants. Prehydrolysis, to some extent, is helpful to improve the coagulation performance of Ti-salt coagulants. However, the prehydrolyzed polytitanium chloride (PTC) still suffers from narrow applicable dose/pH range...
September 6, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Funda Ak Azem, Tulay Koc Delice, Guler Ungan, Ahmet Cakir
The bioceramic calcium phosphate (CaP) is frequently used for improving bone fixation in titanium medical implants and thus increasing lifetime of the implant. It is known that the application of CaP coatings on metallic implant devices offers the possibility of combining the strength of the metals and the bioactivity of the ceramic materials. Many different techniques are available for producing CaP coatings. Electrochemical deposition method is widely used because of its ease of operation parameters, low temperature requirement, reproducibility and suitability for coating complex structures...
November 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Diego Pinheiro Aun, Isabella Faria da Cunha Peixoto, Manuel Houmard, Vicente Tadeu Lopes Buono
Rotary nickel-titanium (NiTi) endodontic instruments were coated with a nanometric flexible TiO2 layer through dip-coating sol-gel. Control groups and coated samples of superelastic NiTi instruments model RaCe 25/0.06 (0.25mm tip-diameter, 6% conicity) were comparatively investigated with respect to the cutting efficiency, fatigue life, and corrosion resistance. Results showed an improvement in cutting efficiency for the coated samples and a high resistance to corrosion in NaClO. The coated instruments showed a better performance in fatigue life after corrosion...
November 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Hongzhou Dong, Qing Li, Cui Tan, Ningning Bai, Peng Cai
Two major problems for magnesium alloy implant are the high degradation rate and easy infection associated with implantation. Herein, a surface drug delivery system (Mg/Epoxy resin-ZnO/PCL-Ibuprofen) which can realize bi-directional controlled release of ibuprofen and Mg(2+) was designed via a dip coating process followed by spraying. The in vitro test demonstrated that the ibuprofen in drug-eluting compound material showed sustained release profiles for 22days, which can effectively solve the local cellular rejection and inflammation during the early stage of implantation...
November 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Isabella da Silva Vieira Marques, Maria Fernanda Alfaro, Miki Taketomi Saito, Nilson Cristino da Cruz, Christos Takoudis, Richard Landers, Marcelo Ferraz Mesquita, Francisco Humberto Nociti Junior, Mathew T Mathew, Cortino Sukotjo, Valentim Adelino Ricardo Barão
Biofunctionalized surfaces for implants are currently receiving much attention in the health care sector. Our aims were (1) to create bioactive Ti-coatings doped with Ca, P, Si, and Ag produced by microarc oxidation (MAO) to improve the surface properties of biomedical implants, (2) to investigate the TiO2 layer stability under wear and corrosion, and (3) to evaluate human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) responses cultured on the modified surfaces. Tribocorrosion and cell experiments were performed following the MAO treatment...
2016: Biointerphases
Ekaterina V Skorb, Helmuth Möhwald, Daria V Andreeva
This review examines the concepts how cavitation bubble collapse affects crystalline structure, crystallization of newly formed structure and recrystallization. Although this subject can be discussed in a broad sense across the area of metastable crystallization, our main focus is discussing specific examples of the inorganic solids: metal, intermetallics, metal oxides and silicon. First, the temperature, up to which ultrasound heats solids is discussed. Cavitation induced changes in crystal size of intermetallic phases in binary AlNi (50 wt% of Ni) alloys allow estimating local temperatures on surfaces and in bulk material...
August 3, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Jung-Hyung Lee, MyoungJun Kim, Seong-Jong Kim
In this study, aluminum titanium nitride (AlTiN) coating was deposited by arc ion plating onto mirror finish STS 304 plate. The surface and cross-section of the coating was characterized by SEM and EDX analysis. Several electrochemical corrosion experiments were performed including rest potential measurement, potentiodynamic polarization experiment and Tafel analysis. The result of the experiments indicated that the AlTiN coating presented lower corrosion current density than the substrate material (STS 304) under uniform corrosion environment...
February 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Johannes A Eckert, Ulrike Mueller, Sebastian Jaeger, Benjamin Panzram, J Philippe Kretzer
Tribocorrosion in taper junctions of retrieved anatomic shoulder arthroplasty implants was evaluated. A comparison of the tribocorrosion between cobalt-chromium and titanium alloy stems was conducted and the observations were correlated with the individual's clinical data. Adverse effects caused by metal debris and subsequent elevated serum metal ion levels are frequently reported in total hip arthroplasty. In total shoulder arthroplasty, to date only a small number of retrieval analyses are available and even fewer address the issue of tribocorrosion at the taper junctions...
2016: BioMed Research International
Grzegorz Sokołowski, Dorota Rylska, Jerzy Sokołowski
PURPOSE: Corrosion resistance of titanium used in metal-ceramic restorations in manufacturing is based on the presence of oxide layer on the metal surface. The procedures used during combining metallic material with porcelain may affect the changes in oxide layers structure, and thus anticorrosive properties of metallic material. The aim of the study was an evaluation of potential changes in the structure and selected corrosion properties of titanium after sandblasting and thermal treatment applicable to the processes of ceramics fusion...
2016: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
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