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A Blanco-Aguilera, E Blanco-Aguilera, R Serrano-Del-Rosal, L Biedma-Velázquez, A Rodriguez-Torronteras, R Segura-Saint-Gerons, A Blanco-Hungria
BACKGROUND: To analyze the association between the OHIP-14 and the different subtypes making up the clinical and psychological axis obtained using the RDC/TMD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 407 patients treated at the TMD unit of the Andalusian Healthcare Service were administered the Spanish version of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders questionnaire (RDC/TMD), together with the Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (OHIP-14). The degree of association between the patients' score in the OHIP-14 and the clinical and biopsychosocial variables was analyzed through bivariate and multivariate analyses, specifically through linear regression...
October 20, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Antonio M Díez-Álamo, Emiliano Díez, María Ángeles Alonso, C Alejandra Vargas, Angel Fernandez
Subjective ratings of perceptual and motor attributes were obtained for a set of 750 concrete concepts in Spanish by requiring scale-based judgments from a sample of university students (N = 539). Following on the work of Amsel, Urbach, and Kutas (2012), the seven attributes were color, motion, sound, smell, taste, graspability, and pain. Normative data based on the obtained ratings are provided as a tool for future investigations. Additionally, the relationships of these attributes to other lexical dimensions (e...
October 19, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
Oreto Ruiz-Millo, Mónica Climente-Martí, Ana María Galbis-Bernácer, José Ramón Navarro-Sanz
Background Medication reviews intended to identify drug-related problems (DRPs) have been researched in primary care, acute care and nursing homes rather than in long-term care hospitals (LTCHs). Objectives To assess the clinical impact of an interdisciplinary pharmacotherapy quality improvement and patient safety program in elderly patients with polypharmacy admitted to an LTCH. Setting An interventional, longitudinal, prospective study was conducted in a Spanish LTCH Method A total of 162 elderly (≥ 70 years) patients with polypharmacy (≥ 5 medications) were included...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Jordi Gratacós, Petra Díaz Del Campo Fontecha, Cristina Fernández-Carballido, Xavier Juanola Roura, Luis Francisco Linares Ferrando, Eugenio de Miguel Mendieta, Santiago Muñoz Fernández, Jose Luis Rosales-Alexander, Pedro Zarco Montejo, Mercedes Guerra Rodríguez, Victoria Navarro Compán
OBJECTIVE: Recent data published on biological therapy in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) since the last publication of the recommendations of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) has led to the generation of a review of these recommendations based on the best possible evidence. These recommendations should be a reference for rheumatologists and those involved in the treatment of patients with axSpA. METHODS: Recommendations were drawn up following a nominal group methodology and based on systematic reviews...
October 16, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
Juliane Piasseschi de Bernardin Gonçalves, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Homero Vallada
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether religious and spiritual interventions (RSIs) can promote physical health and quality of life in individuals. METHODS: The following databases were used to conduct a systematic review: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Scielo. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated RSIs regarding physical health outcomes and/or quality of life in English, Spanish or Portuguese were included. RSI protocols performed at a distance (i...
2017: PloS One
Paula Parás-Bravo, Paloma Salvadores-Fuentes, Cristina Alonso-Blanco, María Paz-Zulueta, Miguel Santibañez-Margüello, Domingo Palacios-Ceña, Ester Boixadera-Planas, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cancer frequently suffer from emotional distress, characterized by psychological symptoms such as anxiety or depression. The presence of psychological symptoms combined with the complex nature of oncology processes can negatively impact patients' quality of life. We aimed to determine the impact of a relaxation protocol on improving quality of life in a sample of oncological patients treated in the Spanish National Public Health System. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a multicenter interventional study without a control group...
2017: PloS One
Diana Marina Camargo, Paula Camila Ramírez, Rogério César Fermino
Purpose: To explore individual and environmental correlates to quality of life (QoL) in park users in Colombia. Methods: A cross-sectional study with face-to-face interviews was conducted with 1392 park users from ten parks in Colombia. The survey included sociodemographic questions, health condition assessed with EuroQuol-5-Dimensions-5-Levels; in addition, questions about accessibility to the parks and perceptions about quality of infrastructure and green areas were asked. The Spanish version of the questionnaire EUROHIS-QOL-8 items was applied to assess QoL...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Igor Esnaola, Manuel Benito, Iratxe Antonio-Agirre, John Freeman, Marta Sarasa
BACKGROUND: Although the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) is the most widely used instrument to measure life satisfaction with its validation having been carried out across ages and countries, few studies have analyzed SWLS measurement cross-cultural invariance with adolescents. With respect to Spanish adolescents, measurement invariance across gender has not been found and the one-factor structure has not been confirmed in Mexican adolescents through Structural Equation Modeling. METHOD: The main purpose of this study was to explore the measurement invariance of the SWLS in a sample of 701 adolescents (Mage = 14...
November 2017: Psicothema
Beatriz Lucas-Molina, Alicia Pérez-Albéniz, Javier Ortuño-Sierra, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero
BACKGROUND: The main goal of the present study was to examine the dimensional structure and measurement invariance of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI; Davis, 1980) across gender. METHOD: Two Spanish samples comprising 2,499 college students (71.2% women; M = 21.06 years) and 1,438 adults (57.8% women; M = 40.01 years) completed the IRI. RESULTS: The study of the internal structure, using Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (ESEM), revealed that the four-factor structure (Perspective Taking, Fantasy, Empathic Concern, and Personal Distress) fitted well to the college students’ data; however, in the sample of adults all factorial models showed modest goodness-of-fit indexes...
November 2017: Psicothema
Natalia Redondo, M E Peña, José L Graña, José M Andreu
BACKGROUND: The Aggression Questionnaire (Buss & Perry, 1992) is one of the most widely used validated self-report measures to assess aggression. This study analyzes the factorial structure, internal consistency, and convergent validity of the AQ in a Spanish sample with high levels of violence. METHOD: The questionnaire was administered to 767 partner-assaultive men undergoing psychological treatment. RESULTS: The results of the confirmatory factor analysis supported the four-factor structure...
November 2017: Psicothema
José A Llosa, Sara Menéndez-Espina, Julio Rodríguez-Suárez, Esteban Agulló-Tomás, Joan Boada-Grau
BACKGROUND: This instrumental study is the Spanish adaptation and validation of the Job Insecurity Scale in its 8-item version (JIS-8). This is one of the reference tests in this field and it also allows the distinction between affect and cognition in quantitative job insecurity to be tested. METHOD: The JIS-8 was carried out on a Spanish sample with 592 participants (186 men, 406 women; Mean age = 36.68), together with mental health and job satisfaction tests. An exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were carried out, and the relationship between the scale and other variables was examined...
November 2017: Psicothema
Alejandro Veas Iniesta, José A López-López, Raquel Gilar Corbí, Pablo Miñano Pérez, Juan L Castejón Costa
BACKGROUND: There are few studies in Spain which analyze the influence of individual, motivational and contextual variables, which might be different between underachieving, normally achieving and overachieving students. METHOD: A total of 1,398 Spanish high school students participated. Mixed-effects models were used to analyze data. RESULTS: The results showed some evidence of: (a) Partial mediational effect of self-concept on the association between cognitive ability and academic achievement...
November 2017: Psicothema
Cristina Roces Montero, Beatriz Sierra Y Arizmendiarrieta
BACKGROUND: University lecturers often complain about their students’ lack of learning strategies, but not many universities in Spain offer specific courses in this area. Studies on their effectiveness are also rare. METHOD: This study presents the results of a Learning Strategies Course implemented at the School of Teacher Training and Education, University of Oviedo, Spain. A quasi-experimental design was used with an experi-mental (n = 60) and a control group (n = 57) of students on the Educational Psychology course...
November 2017: Psicothema
Gustavo A Rodríguez García, Belén López-Pérez, Manuel A Férreo Cruzado, María E Fernández Carrascoso, Juan Fernández
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the Intensive Program of Emotional Intelligence (IPEI; Fernández, 2016; Férreo, 2016) on middle managers’ emotional intelligence, as this variable may have a significant impact on personal satisfaction, task performance, and the work environment. METHOD: The intervention was applied to work team supervisors in a large call center, as it is an overlooked sector in this topic. Two-hundred and eighty-two supervisors from a Madrid-based, Spanish multinational (51...
November 2017: Psicothema
Cándido J Inglés, David Aparisi, Beatriz Delgado, María S Torregrosa, José M García-Fernández
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between sociometric types, behavioral categories, and academic self-concept in a sample of 1,349 (51.7% boys) Spanish adolescents, ranging in age from 12 to 16 years. METHOD: the students’ sociometric nomination was performed using the Programa Socio (Partner Program), and academic self-concept was measured with the Self Description Questionnaire (SDQ-II; Marsh, 1992). RESULTS: results show that academic self-concept was a significant predictor of sociometric types and behavioral categories, as students with high scores on academic self-concept were more likely to be positively rated by their peers (popular, leaders, collaborators and good students) than students with low scores on student academic self-concept...
November 2017: Psicothema
Rocío Fernández-Ballesteros, Ricardo Olmos, Marta Santacreu, Antonio Bustillos, Rocío Schettini, Carmen Huici, José M Rivera
BACKGROUND: There is a broad semantic network of aging stereotypes; where different concepts and their measurement are confused: personal stereotypes, self-stereotypes and self-perception of aging. METHOD: First, we analyze the translated version of the Image of Aging Scale (IAS) measurement model through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, with two representative sub-samples of the Spanish population aged over eighteen (N = 1,105) and in a sample of gerontologists and geriatricians (N = 325)...
November 2017: Psicothema
Fernando Molero, Prado Silván-Ferrero, María J Fuster-Ruiz de Apodaca, Encarnación Nouvilas-Pallejá, Daniel Pérez-Garín
BACKGROUND: The situation of lesbians and gay men (LGs) in Spain has improved significantly in recent decades. However, Spanish society still exhibits prejudice and discrimination. The current study pursues three main goals: 1) to analyse the extent to which LGs perceive blatant and subtle discrimination, 2) to explore the relationship between perceived discrimination and LGs’ psychological and subjective well-being, and 3) to analyse the possible mediational role of social support in reducing the negative influence of perceived discrimination on well-being...
November 2017: Psicothema
Rubén Fernández-Alonso, Marcos Álvarez-Díaz, Pamela Woitschach, Javier Suárez-Álvarez, Marcelino Cuesta
BACKGROUND: Parental involvement in the educational process is desirable, although more involvement does not guarantee better results. The aim of this research is to explore the relationship between styles of parental involvement at home and academic performance. METHOD: A random sample of 26,543 Spanish students was used, with a mean age of 14.4 (SD = 0.75). Two thirds (66.2%) attended a publicly funded school; 49.7% were girls; 87.8% had Spanish nationality; and 73...
November 2017: Psicothema
Xiao-Yi Zhou, Xi-Ming Xu, Jian-Ping Fan, Fei Wang, Sui-Yi Wu, Zi-Cheng Zhang, Yi-Lin Yang, Ming Li, Xian-Zhao Wei
BACKGROUND: No effective constructs were available in mainland China to assess the whole spine function. The SFI was developed to evaluate spinal function based on the concept of a single kinetic chain concept for whole spine. The SFI has been translated to Spanish and Turkish with accepted psychometric properties. It is imperative to introduce the SFI in mainland China and further to explore the measurement properties. METHODS: The English versions of the SFI was cross-culturally translated according to international guidelines...
October 18, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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