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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667574/genomic-non-coding-regions-reveal-hidden-patterns-of-mumps-virus-circulation-in-spain-2005-to-2015
#1
Ana M Gavilán, Aurora Fernández-García, Angel Rueda, Ana Castellanos, Josefa Masa-Calles, Noemí López-Perea, María V Torres de Mier, Fernando de Ory, Juan E Echevarría
BackgroundSince mumps vaccination was introduced in 1981 in Spain, the incidence of the disease has dropped significantly. However, cyclic epidemic waves and outbreaks still occur, despite high vaccination coverage. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends genotyping to trace the pattern of mumps virus (MuV) circulation. Genotype H was predominant in Spain, but was replaced in 2005 by genotype G which has subsequently remained dominant. Of the small hydrophobic protein gene sequences, 78% are identical and belong to the MuVi/ Sheffield...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665480/motives-to-practice-exercise-in-old-age-and-successful-aging-a-latent-class-analysis
#2
Melchor Gutiérrez, Pablo Calatayud, José-Manuel Tomás
PURPOSE: The aim was to classify motives for exercising trying to find sets of related cases that share common motivations, and to relate these latent classes to markers of successful aging. METHODS: 725 old adult aged 55 to 97 years were sampled in several Spanish towns. INSTRUMENTS: Successful Aging Inventory (SAI), International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), Health Survey SF-8, Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), and motives to practice exercise, were used...
April 12, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665115/attachment-security-values-and-prosocial-attitudes
#3
Adelaida Monteoliva, J Miguel A García-Martínez, Emilio Sánchez Santa-Bárbara, Antonia Calvo-Salguero
The objective of this study was to determine whether individuals with different attachment styles held different prosocial values and attitudes given their different models of self and of others. A sample of 717 university students completed the ECR-S (Experiences in Close Relationships-Spanish) and the PVQ (Portrait Values Questionnaire), and evaluated different prosocial attitudes. The results showed that secure individuals reported higher scores on self-transcendence and in the value self-directions of the dimension openness to change, whereas insecure individuals had higher scores on conservation and self-enhancement...
April 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664672/primary-care-physicians-can-comprehensively-manage-sleep-apnea-patients-a-non-inferiority-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
M Ángeles Sánchez-Quiroga, Jaime Corral, Francisco J Gómez-de-Terreros, Carmen Carmona-Bernal, M Isabel Asensio-Cruz, Marta Cabello, M Ángeles Martínez-Martínez, Carlos J Egea, Estrella Ordax, Ferran Barbe, Javier Barca, Juan F Masa
RATIONALE: General practitioners play a passive role in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) management. Simplification of the diagnosis and use of a semi-automatic algorithm for treatment can facilitate the integration of general practitioners, which has cost advantages. OBJECTIVE: To determine differences in effectiveness between primary healthcare area (PHA) and in-hospital specialized management protocols during six months of follow-up. METHOD: A multicenter, non-inferiority, randomized, controlled trial with two open parallel arms and a cost-effectiveness analysis was performed in six tertiary hospitals in Spain...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664498/-hypophosphatemia-in-preterm-infants-a-bimodal-disorder
#5
María Paz Cubillos Celis, Patricia Mena Nannig
New nutritional approaches to treat extreme premature babies have demonstrated relevant eviden ce of metabolic disturbances with early hypophosphatemia, especially in patients with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). They have shown late hypophosphatemia, as well, which is characteristic in the metabolic bone disease. A sytematic search of literature describing metabolic disturbances of phosphorus in preterm newborns is presented, related to the use of early parenteral nutrition and also in the context of metabolic bone disease...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663981/health-behaviors-among-low-income-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women
#6
Donna M Winham, Shelly M Palmer, Traci L Armstrong Florian, Mack C Shelley
OBJECTIVES: We determined relationships between food behaviors and health-risk factors by acculturation among limited-income Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women. METHODS: Women aged 18-49 years were recruited from income-based programs in metro-Phoenix, Arizona. Self-administered surveys in English or Spanish included demographics, a 10-item food behavior checklist, health-risk factors, food security, and acculturation. Differences by 4 acculturation/ethnicity categories were assessed with chi-square and analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663863/athletic-identity-and-self-esteem-among-active-and-retired-paralympic-athletes
#7
Adriana Marin-Urquiza, José Pedro Ferreira, Debbie Van Biesen
Athletic identity (AI) has been suggested as a variable that can have an impact on the psychological health of the athletes upon retirement. The aim of this study was to provide more insight on the transition out of elite sport by assessing and comparing the extent of AI and self-esteem in an active group (AG) and a retired group (RG) of Paralympic athletes. Perceived stress and depressive symptoms were additionally assessed in the AG and RG, respectively. A non-probability sampling method was used to recruit active and retired Paralympic athletes (AG, n = 43; RG, n = 41, where 35 retired voluntarily and 6 retired involuntarily) with visual or physical impairments, from Dutch-, English-, Portuguese- and Spanish-speaking countries...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663170/racial-ethnic-disparities-and-incidence-of-malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumors-results-from-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-program-2000-2014
#8
Erin C Peckham-Gregory, Roberto E Montenegro, David A Stevenson, David H Viskochil, Michael E Scheurer, Philip J Lupo, Joshua D Schiffman
BACKGROUND: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are rare tumors, generally high-grade, and comprise ~ 5-10% of soft tissue sarcomas. Over two-thirds of MPNSTs metastasize, and upwards of 40% clinically recur. Etiologic risk factors for MPNSTs are historically understudied. There is evidence to suggest MPNST incidence differs across racial/ethnic groups in pediatric populations. Therefore, we sought to estimate differences in MPNST incidence by race/ethnicity among all ages in the United States...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662259/psychometric-validation-of-the-columbia-suicide-severity-rating-scale-in-spanish-speaking-adolescents
#9
Daniel Serrani Azcurra
Introduction: Adolescent suicide is a major public health issue, and early and accurate detection is of great concern. There are many reliable instruments for this purpose, such as the Columbia-Suicide severity rating scale (C-SSRS), but no validation exists for Spanish speaking Latin American adolescents. Objetive: To assess psychometric properties and cut-off scores of the C-SSRS in Spanish speaking adolescents. Methods: Exploratory assessment with principal component analysis (PCA) and Varimax rotation, and confirmatory analysis (CFA) were performed on two groups with 782 and 834 participants respectively (N=1616)...
December 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662051/-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-among-health-professionals-in-a-third-level-hospital
#10
Alejandro Montero Salinas, Santiago Martínez-Isasi, Eva Fieira Costa, Antón Fernández García, Diana Josefa Castro Dios, Daniel Fernández García
OBJECTIVE: The Spanish model is the model adopted by many countries to increase their donation rate, being the implication of the healthcare professionals one of the keys to this success. The attitude of these before the donation is crucial for the hour of influence on the population. Organ transplantation has been established as an effective treatment that has been improving over the years. The objective was to determine the knowledge and attitudes of health professionals before the donation of organs...
April 18, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661649/-overal-cognitive-assessment-in-basque-speaking-people-with-advanced-dementia-validation-to-the-basque-language-of-the-severe-mini-mental-state-examination-smmse-smmse-eus
#11
Cristina Buiza, Javier Yanguas, Amaia Zulaica, Iván Antón, Enrique Arriola, Alvaro García
INTRODUCTION: Adaptation and validation to the Basque language of tests to assess advanced cognitive impairment is a not covered need for Basque-speaking people. The present work shows the validation of the Basque version of the Severe Mini Mental State Examination (SMMSE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 109 people with advanced dementia (MEC<15) took part in the validation study, and were classified as GDS 5-7 on the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). All participants were Spanish-Basque bilingual...
April 13, 2018: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661508/variability-in-the-multicentre-national-registry-in-active-surveillance-a-questionnaire-for-urologists
#12
J Rubio-Briones, A Borque-Fernando, L M Esteban-Escaño, S Martínez-Breijo, R Medina-López, V Hernández
BACKGROUND: Our main objective was to report the current use of active surveillance in Spain and to identify areas for potential improvement. METHODS: A questionnaire generated by the Platform for Multicentre Studies of the Spanish Urology Association (AEU/PIEM/2014/0001, NCT02865330) was sent to all associate researchers from January to March 2016. The questionnaire included 7 domains covering various aspects of active surveillance. RESULTS: Thirty-three of the 41 associate researchers responded to the questionnaire...
April 13, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661504/stress-induced-hyperglycemia-on-complications-in-non-critically-elderly-hospitalized-patients
#13
F J Carrasco-Sánchez, J Carretero-Gómez, R Gómez-Huelgas, M A Garcia-Ordoñez, M V Pardo-Ortega, B de Escalante-Yanguela, L Mateos-Polo, F Formiga, J Ena
AIMS: Hospital complications and hyperglycemia are common in elderly patients during hospitalization. Our aim was to analyze the relationship between hyperglycemia and hospital complications in an ageing population. METHODS: We conducted an observational study to evaluate the association between maximum blood glucose (MBG) levels and hospital complications. Patients were stratified according to the quartiles of MBG levels. Diabetes mellitus (DM) was determined by patient history and/or admission glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level ≥6...
April 13, 2018: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661062/poisoned-wine-regulation-chemical-analyses-and-spanish-french-trade-in-the-1930s
#14
Ignacio Suay-Matallana, Ximo Guillem-Llobat
This paper describes the resources, scientific spaces, and experts involved in the study of a mass poisoning caused by the drinking of arsenic-contaminated wine exported from Spain to France in 1932. Local and international periodicals record the poisoning of 300 French sailors, and stressed the commercial implications of the case. We discuss the reports prepared by different experts (mainly physicians, agricultural engineers, and customs chemists). Their work was not limited to preparing technical publications or chemical analyses; they also actively defended the quality of their local wine, and played a major role in the discussions regarding the regulation of the international wine market in the 1930s, when new standards regarding the analysis of wine were being considered...
April 16, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660720/environmental-impact-of-cheese-production-a-case-study-of-a-small-scale-factory-in-southern-europe-and-global-overview-of-carbon-footprint
#15
Fernando Canellada, Amanda Laca, Adriana Laca, Mario Díaz
The environmental performance of a small-scale cheese factory sited in a NW Spanish region has been analysed by Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as representative of numerous cheese traditional factories that are scattered through the European Union, especially in the southern countries. Inventory data were directly obtained from this facility corresponding to one-year operation, and the main subsystems involved in cheese production were included, i.e. raw materials, water, electricity, energy, cleaning products, packaging materials, transports, solid and liquid wastes and gas emissions...
April 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659844/surgery-for-acute-infective-endocarditis-epidemiological-data-from-a-spanish-nationwide-hospital-based-registry
#16
Juan Bustamante-Munguira, Carlos-A Mestres, Pablo Alvarez, Angels Figuerola-Tejerina, Rocio Eiros Bachiller, Esther Gómez-Sánchez, Francisco Javier Alvarez, Salvador Resino, Javier Castrodeza, Eduardo Tamayo
OBJECTIVES: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a serious and eventually lethal disease with rising incidence in the past couple of decades. The aim of this study was to evaluate the contemporary epidemiological trends of surgical endocarditis patients, to analyse the clinical outcomes and to study their profile, associated prognostic factors and costs. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of all patients admitted for IE in Spanish hospitals and discharged between 1 January 1997 and 31 December 2014...
April 12, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659747/two-distinct-patterns-of-clostridium-difficile-diversity-across-europe-indicates-contrasting-routes-of-spread
#17
David W Eyre, Kerrie A Davies, Georgina Davis, Warren N Fawley, Kate E Dingle, Nicola De Maio, Andreas Karas, Derrick W Crook, Tim E A Peto, A Sarah Walker, Mark H Wilcox
Background: Rates of Clostridium difficile infection vary widely across Europe, as do prevalent ribotypes. The extent of Europe-wide diversity within each ribotype is however unknown. Methods: Inpatient diarrhoeal faecal samples submitted on one day in summer and winter (2012-2013) to laboratories in 482 European hospitals were cultured for C. difficile, and isolates ribotyped; those from the 10 most prevalent ribotypes were Illumina whole-genome sequenced. Pairwise single nucleotide differences (SNPs) were obtained from recombination-corrected maximum-likelihood phylogenies...
April 6, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659361/-one-hundred-years-after-the-spanish-flu
#18
Isabel A Lüthy, Viviana Ritacco, Isabel N Kantor
The "Spanish" flu pandemic, which occurred a century ago, is considered the most devastating in human history. An estimated one third of world population fell ill with flu and more than 2.5% of them died. The course of the epidemic had two main waves (1918 and 1919) and showed an unusual W-shaped morbidity/mortality distribution. Death was not a direct outcome of flu itself but rather a consequence of secondary bacterial bronchopneumonia, for which antibiotics had not yet been discovered. Pre-existing pulmonary tuberculosis was also accountable for increased flu death rates during the pandemic...
2018: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659332/learning-from-your-mistakes-does-it-matter-if-you-re-out-in-left-foot-i-mean-field
#19
Andrée-Ann Cyr, Nicole D Anderson
Studies have shown that generating errors prior to studying information (pencil-?) can improve target retention relative to passive (i.e., errorless) study, provided that cues and targets are semantically related (pencil-ink) and not unrelated (pencil-frog). In two experiments, we manipulated semantic proximity of errors to targets during trial-and-error to examine whether it would modulate this error generation benefit. In Experiment 1, participants were shown a cue (band-?) and asked to generate a related word (e...
April 16, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659021/absence-of-a-moderating-effect-of-parent-health-literacy-on-early-head-start-enrollment-and-dental-use
#20
Jacqueline M Burgette, John S Preisser, Morris Weinberger, Rebecca S King, Jessica Y Lee, R Gary Rozier
OBJECTIVES: To examine the moderating effect of parents' health literacy (HL) on the effectiveness of North Carolina Early Head Start (EHS) in improving children's dental use. METHODS: Parents of 479 children enrolled in EHS and 699 Medicaid-matched parent-child dyads were interviewed at baseline when children were approximately 10 months old and 24 months later. We used in-person computer-assisted, structured interviews to collect information on sociodemographic characteristics, dental use, and administer the Short Assessment of Health Literacy - Spanish and English (SAHL-S&E)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
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