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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226190/predictors-of-readiness-for-hospital-discharge-after-birth-building-evidence-for-practice
#1
Gabriella Malagon-Maldonado, Cynthia D Connelly, Ruth A Bush
BACKGROUND: Preparation for hospital discharge after birth became a global concern when hospitals in many developing countries began implementing shorter lengths of stay for uncomplicated deliveries. A mother's perceived readiness for hospital discharge may be influenced by many factors that can ultimately shape postdischarge outcomes. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to explore the antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum predictors of discharge readiness, including nursing educational practices that are predictive of postpartum mothers' perceptions of readiness for hospital discharge...
February 22, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226061/nursing-practice-in-home-care-an-integrative-literature-review
#2
Angélica Mônica Andrade, Kênia Lara Silva, Clarissa Terenzi Seixas, Patrícia Pinto Braga
Objective: analyze scientific production on nursing practice in home care. Method: integrative review employing databases LILACS, BDENF, IBECS, and MEDLINE. Studies in Spanish, English, and Portuguese were included, regardless of publishing date. Results: after analyzing 48 articles, it was found that nursing practice in home care is complex, employing a multitude of actions by using three technologies: soft; soft-hard especially; and hard...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226060/nonpharmacological-interventions-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-heart-failure-an-integrative-review
#3
Daniela Reuter do Amaral, Marina Bertelli Rossi, Camila Takao Lopes, Juliana de Lima Lopes
Objective: to identify articles that assessed the effectiveness or efficacy of nonpharmacological interventions to improve quality of life of people with heart failure in the literature. Method: an integrative literature review was performed in Lilacs, MedLine and SciELO databases, including randomized or nonrandomized clinical trials and quasi-experimental studies published between 2003 and 2014, in Portuguese, English or Spanish. Results: twenty-three studies were included...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226058/health-literacy-for-people-living-with-hiv-aids-an-integrative-review
#4
Gilmara Holanda da Cunha, Marli Teresinha Gimeniz Galvão, Patrícia Neyva da Costa Pinheiro, Neiva Francenely Cunha Vieira
Objective: to analyze knowledge produced by research about health literacy for adult with HIV/Aids. Method: an integrative literature review, using six databases, was conducted between January and April of 2014. The descriptors aids and Health Literacy were used, in Portuguese, English and Spanish. A total of 130 articles were found and 14 were selected. Three categories were identified: educational technologies and health literacy for HIV/Aids; assessment of health literacy of patients with HIV/Aids; and health literacy and adherence to antiretroviral therapy...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225858/related-quality-of-life-questionnaire-specific-to-dysthyroid-ophthalmopathy-evaluated-in-a-population-of-patients-with-graves-disease
#5
Laura Carolina Delfino, Anabela Zunino, Verónica Sapia, María Del Carmen Silva Croome, Verónica Ilera, Alicia Teresa Gauna
Objective: The aim of this study was to measure quality of life (QOL) impairment in individuals currently suffering from Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) and to determine the correlation of GO-specific QOL scores with disease severity and activity. Subjects and methods: Seventy three GO-specific QOL surveys were prospectively analysed and compared with GO status. The GO-specific QOL survey was translated into Spanish and applied to Argentine patients with Graves' disease (GD)...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225801/perioperative-hemoglobin-area-under-the-curve-is-an-independent-predictor-of-renal-failure-after-cardiac-surgery-results-from-a-spanish-multicenter-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Paula Duque-Sosa, Diego Martínez-Urbistondo, Gemma Echarri, Raquel Callejas, María Josefa Iribarren, Gregorio Rábago, Pablo Monedero
Perioperative anemia is an important risk factor for cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI). Nonetheless, the severity of the anemia and the time in the perioperative period in which the hemoglobin level should be considered as a risk factor is conflicting. The present study introduces the concept of perioperative hemoglobin area under the curve (pHb-AUC) as a surrogate marker of the evolution of perioperative hemoglobin concentration. Through a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data, we assessed this new variable as a risk factor for the development of acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery in 966 adult patients who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, at twenty-three academic hospitals in Spain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225490/clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-spanish-patients-with-anca-associated-vasculitides-impact-of-the-vasculitis-type-anca-specificity-and-treatment-on-mortality-and-morbidity
#7
Roser Solans-Laqué, Guadalupe Fraile, Monica Rodriguez-Carballeira, Luis Caminal, Maria J Castillo, Ferran Martínez-Valle, Luis Sáez, Juan J Rios, Xavier Solanich, Joaquim Oristrell, Francisco Pasquau, Eva Fonseca, Monica Zamora, Jose L Callejas, Begoña Frutos, Monica Abdilla, Patricia Fanlo, Isabel García-Sánchez, Miguel López-Dupla, Bernardo Sopeña, Almudena Pérez-Iglesias, Josep A Bosch
The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics of ANCA-associated vasculitides (AAV) at presentation, in a wide cohort of Spanish patients, and to analyze the impact of the vasculitis type, ANCA specificity, prognostic factors, and treatments administered at diagnosis, in the outcome.A total of 450 patients diagnosed between January 1990 and January 2014 in 20 Hospitals from Spain were included. Altogether, 40.9% had granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), 37.1% microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), and 22% eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA)...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224881/avoidance-in-anxiety-and-depression-adaptation-of-the-cognitive-behavioral-avoidance-scale-in-a-spanish-sample
#8
Santiago Barajas, Luis Garra, Laura Ros
This study examines how cognitive, behavioral and experiential avoidance differs between clinical patients (N = 100), the general population (N = 100), and undergraduate students (N = 54). For this purpose, a Spanish adaptation of the Cognitive-Behavioral Avoidance Scale (CBAS; Ottenbreit & Dobson, 2004) was made. Confirmatory factor analysis supports the four factors structure similar to the original one, yet question the value of three of the items (CFI = .929, RMSEA = .057, SRMR = .051, χ2(333) = 603.28, p < ...
February 22, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224649/sex-chromosomal-abnormalities-associated-with-equine-infertility-validation-of-a-simple-molecular-screening-tool-in-the-purebred-spanish-horse
#9
G Anaya, A Molina, M Valera, M Moreno-Millán, P Azor, P Peral-García, S Demyda-Peyrás
Chromosomal abnormalities in the sex chromosome pair (ECAX and ECAY) are widely associated with reproductive problems in horses. However, a large proportion of these abnormalities remains undiagnosed due to the lack of an affordable diagnostic tool that allows for avoiding karyotyping tests. Hereby, we developed an STR (single-tandem-repeat)-based molecular method to determine the presence of the main sex chromosomal abnormalities in horses in a fast, cheap and reliable way. The frequency of five ECAX-linked (LEX026, LEX003, TKY38, TKY270 and UCDEQ502) and two ECAY-linked (EcaYH12 and SRY) markers was characterized in 261 Purebred Spanish Horses to determine the efficiency of the methodology developed to be used as a chromosomal diagnostic tool...
February 22, 2017: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224622/slc2a3-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-and-duplication-influence-cognitive-processing-and-population-specific-risk-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Sören Merker, Andreas Reif, Georg C Ziegler, Heike Weber, Ute Mayer, Ann-Christine Ehlis, Annette Conzelmann, Stefan Johansson, Clemens Müller-Reible, Indrajit Nanda, Thomas Haaf, Reinhard Ullmann, Marcel Romanos, Andreas J Fallgatter, Paul Pauli, Tatyana Strekalova, Charline Jansch, Alejandro Arias Vasquez, Jan Haavik, Marta Ribasés, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Jan K Buitelaar, Barbara Franke, Klaus-Peter Lesch
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common, highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder with profound cognitive, behavioral, and psychosocial impairments with persistence across the life cycle. Our initial genome-wide screening approach for copy number variants (CNVs) in ADHD implicated a duplication of SLC2A3, encoding glucose transporter-3 (GLUT3). GLUT3 plays a critical role in cerebral glucose metabolism, providing energy for the activity of neurons, which, in turn, moderates the excitatory-inhibitory balance impacting both brain development and activity-dependent neural plasticity...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224463/liraglutide-versus-lixisenatide-long-term-cost-effectiveness-of-glp-1-receptor-agonist-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-in-spain
#11
Pedro Mezquita-Raya, Antonio Ramírez de Arellano, Nana Kragh, Gabriela Vega-Hernandez, Johannes Pöhlmann, William J Valentine, Barnaby Hunt
INTRODUCTION: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists are used successfully in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes as they are associated with low hypoglycemia rates, weight loss and improved glycemic control. This study compared, in the Spanish setting, the cost-effectiveness of liraglutide 1.8 mg versus lixisenatide 20 μg, both GLP-1 receptor agonists, for patients with type 2 diabetes who had not achieved glycemic control targets on metformin monotherapy. METHODS: The IMS CORE Diabetes Model was used to project clinical outcomes and costs, expressed in 2015 Euros, over patient lifetimes...
February 21, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224397/food-safety-instruction-improves-knowledge-and-behavior-risk-and-protection-factors-for-foodborne-illnesses-in-pregnant-populations
#12
Patricia Kendall, Robert Scharff, Susan Baker, Jeffrey LeJeune, John Sofos, Lydia Medeiros
Objective This study compared knowledge and food-handling behavior after pathogen-specific (experimental treatment) versus basic food safety instruction (active control) presented during nutrition education classes for low-income English- and Spanish-language pregnant women. Methods Subjects (n = 550) were randomly assigned to treatment groups in two different locations in the United States. Food safety instruction was part of an 8-lesson curriculum. Food safety knowledge and behavior were measured pre/post intervention...
February 21, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224257/differential-item-functioning-of-the-patient-reported-outcomes-information-system-promis-%C3%A2-pain-interference-item-bank-by-language-spanish-versus-english
#13
Sylvia H Paz, Karen L Spritzer, Steven P Reise, Ron D Hays
BACKGROUND: About 70% of Latinos, 5 years old or older, in the United States speak Spanish at home. Measurement equivalence of the PROMIS(®) pain interference (PI) item bank by language of administration (English versus Spanish) has not been evaluated. METHODS: A sample of 527 adult Spanish-speaking Latinos completed the Spanish version of the 41-item PROMIS(®) pain interference item bank. We evaluate dimensionality, monotonicity and local independence of the Spanish-language items...
February 21, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224082/clinical-characteristics-of-adult-patients-with-inborn-errors-of-metabolism-in-spain-a-review-of-500-cases-from-university-hospitals
#14
J Pérez-López, L Ceberio-Hualde, J S García-Morillo, J M Grau-Junyent, A Hermida Ameijeiras, M López-Rodríguez, J C Milisenda, M Moltó Abad, M Morales-Conejo, J J Nava Mateos
Patients with inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) have become an emerging and challenging group in the adult healthcare system whose needs should be known in order to implement appropriate policies and to adapt adult clinical departments. We aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics of adult patients with IEMs who attend the most important Spanish hospitals caring for these conditions. A cohort study was conducted in 500 patients, categorized by metabolic subtype according to pathophysiological classification...
March 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223961/a-spanish-validation-of-the-canadian-adolescent-gambling-inventory-cagi
#15
Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Roser Granero, Randy Stinchfield, Joël Tremblay, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Laura Moragas, Lamprini G Savvidou, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Salomé Tárrega, Katarina Gunnard, Virginia Martín-Romera, Trevor Steward, Gemma Mestre-Bach, José M Menchón
Aims: Large-scale epidemiological studies show a significant prevalence of gambling disorder (GD) during adolescence and emerging adulthood, and highlight the need to identify gambling-related behaviors at early ages. However, there are only a handful of screening instruments for this population and many studies measuring youth gambling problems use adult instruments that may not be developmentally appropriate. The aim of this study was to validate a Spanish version of the Canadian Adolescent Gambling Inventory (CAGI) among late adolescent and young adults and to explore its psychometric properties...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222799/assessment-of-plasma-chitotriosidase-activity-ccl18-parc-concentration-and-np-c-suspicion-index-in-the-diagnosis-of-niemann-pick-disease-type-c-a-prospective-observational-study
#16
Isabel De Castro-Orós, Pilar Irún, Jorge Javier Cebolla, Victor Rodriguez-Sureda, Miguel Mallén, María Jesús Pueyo, Pilar Mozas, Carmen Dominguez, Miguel Pocoví
BACKGROUND: Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a rare, autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease caused by mutations in either the NPC1 or NPC2 genes. The diagnosis of NP-C remains challenging due to the non-specific, heterogeneous nature of signs/symptoms. This study assessed the utility of plasma chitotriosidase (ChT) and Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 18 (CCL18)/pulmonary and activation-regulated chemokine (PARC) in conjunction with the NP-C suspicion index (NP-C SI) for guiding confirmatory laboratory testing in patients with suspected NP-C...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222733/educational-health-disparities-in-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-among-african-descent-populations-in-the-caribbean-and-the-usa-a-comparative-analysis-from-the-spanish-town-cohort-jamaica-and-the-jackson-heart-study-usa
#17
Aurelian Bidulescu, Trevor S Ferguson, Ian Hambleton, Novie Younger-Coleman, Damian Francis, Nadia Bennett, Michael Griswold, Ervin Fox, Marlene MacLeish, Rainford Wilks, E Nigel Harris, Louis W Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Studies have suggested that social inequalities in chronic disease outcomes differ between industrialized and developing countries, but few have directly compared these effects. We explored inequalities in hypertension and diabetes prevalence between African-descent populations with different levels of educational attainment in Jamaica and in the United States of America (USA), comparing disparities within each location, and between countries. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) in the USA and Spanish Town Cohort (STC) in Jamaica...
February 14, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222729/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-dental-health-among-middle-aged-adults-and-the-role-of-behavioral-and-psychosocial-factors-evidence-from-the-spanish-national-health-survey
#18
Diego Alberto Capurro, Michael Davidsen
BACKGROUND: The goal of this analysis was to describe socioeconomic inequalities in dental health among Spanish middle-aged adults, and the role of behavioral and psychosocial factors in explaining these inequalities. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used survey data from the 2006 Spanish National Health Survey and focused on adults ages 30 - 64. The outcome was dental health status based on the presence of self-reported dental problems. We used education, income, and occupational class as indicators of socioeconomic position and applied logistic regression analysis to estimate associations...
February 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222309/gemcitabine-erlotinib-versus-gemcitabine-erlotinib-capecitabine-in-the-first-line-treatment-of-patients-with-metastatic-pancreatic-cancer-efficacy-and-safety-results-of-a-phase-iib-randomised-study-from-the-spanish-ttd-collaborative-group
#19
Antonio Irigoyen, Javier Gallego, Carmen Guillén Ponce, Ruth Vera, Vega Iranzo, Inmaculada Ales, Sara Arévalo, Aleydis Pisa, Marta Martín, Antonieta Salud, Esther Falcó, Alberto Sáenz, José Luis Manzano Mozo, Gema Pulido, Joaquina Martínez Galán, Roberto Pazo-Cid, Fernando Rivera, Teresa García García, Olbia Serra, Eva Ma Fernández Parra, Alicia Hurtado, Ma José Gómez Reina, Luis Jesús López Gomez, Esther Martínez Ortega, Manuel Benavides, Enrique Aranda
BACKGROUND: Gemcitabine and erlotinib have shown a survival benefit in the first-line setting in metastatic pancreatic cancer (mPC). The aim of this study was to assess whether combining capecitabine (C) with gemcitabine + erlotinib (GE) was safe and effective versus GE in patients with mPC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Previously untreated mPC patients were randomised to receive G (1000 mg/m(2), days 1, 8, 15) + E (100 mg/day, days 1-28) + C (1660 mg/m(2), days 1-21) or GE, q4 weeks, until progression or unacceptable toxicity...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221146/-new-strategies-and-protocols-in-swl
#20
Alberto Budía Alba, Pilar Bahilo Mateu, Guzmán Ordaz Jurado, José Daniel López-Acón, Marta Trassierra Villa, Francisco Boronat Tormo
OBJECTIVE: An update of the new treatment strategies in extracorporeal lithotripsy as a valid therapeutic alternative in the management of urinary calculi. METHODS: We performed a search and review of the most recent literature which responded to the terms "best practices", "update", "optimization", "practice pattern" in lithotripsy. Only articles written in English or Spanish were selected. RESULTS: The use of a stepwise voltage ramping during extracorporeal lithotripsy with or without pause before the first rise of energy, a decreased delivery rates and the use of a higher number of shock waves per session are shown as alternatives to improve the effectiveness with optimum safety profile...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
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