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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228062/market-access-and-community-size-influence-pastoral-management-of-native-and-exotic-livestock-species-a-case-study-in-communities-of-the-cordillera-real-in-bolivia-s-high-andean-wetlands
#1
Quentin Struelens, Karina Gonzales Pomar, Susi Loza Herrera, Gaby Nina Huanca, Olivier Dangles, François Rebaudo
Grazing areas management is of utmost importance in the Andean region. In the valleys of the Bolivian Cordillera Real near La Paz, pastoralism constitutes the traditional way for people to insure food security and economical sustainability. In these harsh mountains, unique and productive wetlands sustained by glacial water streams are of utmost importance for feeding cattle herds during the dry season. After the colonization by the Spanish, a shift in livestock species has been observed, with the introduction of exotic species such as cows and sheep, resulting in a different impact on pastures compared to native camelid species-llamas and alpacas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226819/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-all-cause-mortality-after-an-episode-of%C3%A2-acute-heart-failure-results-of-the%C3%A2-medit-ahf%C3%A2-study
#2
Òscar Miró, Ramon Estruch, Francisco J Martín-Sánchez, Víctor Gil, Javier Jacob, Pablo Herrero-Puente, Sergio Herrera Mateo, Alfons Aguirre, Juan A Andueza, Pere Llorens
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to evaluate clinical outcomes of patients after an episode of acute heart failure (AHF) according to their adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet). BACKGROUND: It has been proved that MedDiet is a useful tool in primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases. However, it is unknown whether adherence to MedDiet is associated with better outcomes in patients who have already experienced an episode of AHF. METHODS: We designed a prospective study that included consecutive patients diagnosed with AHF in 7 Spanish emergency departments (EDs)...
November 27, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226472/cost-utility-analysis-of-idelalisib-in-combination-with-rituximab-in-relapsed-or-refractory-chronic-lymphocytic-leukaemia
#3
Luis Felipe Casado, José Ángel Hernández, Isidro Jarque, María Echave, Miguel Angel Casado, Antonio Castro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incremental cost-utility ratio (ICUR) of idelalisib in combination with rituximab (IR) versus rituximab monotherapy (R) in the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory (R/R) chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), from the Spanish National Health System (NHS) perspective. METHODS: A partitioned survival Markov model for a lifetime horizon (30 years) was developed to estimate costs (€, 2016) and quality-adjusted life years (QALY) with IR and R...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226212/data-on-fatty-acid-profiles-of-green-spanish-style-gordal-table-olives-studied-by-compositional-analysis
#4
A Garrido-Fernández, A Cortés-Delgado, A López-López
This article contains processed data related to the research published in "Tentative application of compositional data analysis to fatty acid profiles of green Spanish-style Gordal table olives" (Garrido-Fernández et al., 2018) [1]. It provides information on the implementation of compositional data analysis (CoDa) to the fatty acid profiles of Spanish-style Gordal table olives vs the use of conventional statistical analysis (data composition expressed in percentages). Particularly, it includes: i) the matrix of the sequential binary partition used for the balance estimation and the isometric log-ratio transformation (ilr) of the fatty acid profiles, ii) correlation among the diverse fatty acids expressed in percentages and their significances, iii) the ilr transformed values (coordinates in the Euclidean space) obtained following the sequential binary partition previously detailed, iv) the graphical presentation in the Simplex (ternary centred plot) of the treatments as a function of the four fatty acids with the higher log-ratio variances, and v) segregation of treatments based on Cluster Analysis...
February 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226185/parental-and-pediatricians-perception-of-need-for-subspecialty-training-in-pediatric-emergency-medicine-for-delivering-emergency-care-to-pediatric-patients
#5
Ernest G Leva, Diane Bunn Vanarsdale, Niel F Miele, Anna Petrova
The quality of pediatric emergency care may depend on the competence of the emergency department physicians. It is important to know whether parents and general pediatricians associate the quality of pediatric emergency care with the pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) training of the emergency department physicians. We designed the study to determine parental and pediatricians' opinion and expectation in regard to this question. Most of the surveyed parents' and pediatricians' recognize the importance of PEM training and believed that physicians trained in PEM can provide better emergency care for children...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225438/influence-of-language-and-culture-in-the-primary-care-of-spanish-speaking-latino-adults-with-poorly-controlled-diabetes-a-qualitative-study
#6
Cindy D Zamudio, Gabriela Sanchez, Andrea Altschuler, Richard W Grant
Background: We examined the role of language and culture in the interactions between Spanish-speaking Latino patients with poorly controlled diabetes - a fast-growing population in the United States - and their primary care providers. Methods: We conducted four focus groups with 36 non-US born Spanish-speaking patients with elevated HbA1c. Participants were insured health plan members with either English-speaking (2 groups) or Spanish-speaking (2 groups) primary care providers...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225390/immigrant-bilingualism-in-spain-an-asset-or-a-liability
#7
Maria Medvedeva, Alejandro Portes
This study contributes to the ongoing debate about bilingual advantage and examines whether bilingual immigrant youths fare better, as well as, or worse academically than the matching group of monolinguals. Using data from Spain, where close to half of immigrants speak Spanish as their native language, we found no evidence of costs of bilingualism: bilingual youths did benefit from their linguistic skills. Their advantage, however, manifested itself not uniformly across discrete outcomes, but in a direct trajectory toward higher educational attainment...
2017: International Migration Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224793/validity-of-the-toddler-feeding-questionnaire-for-measuring-parent-authoritative-and-indulgent-feeding-practices-which-are-associated-with-stress-and-health-literacy-among-latino-parents-of-preschool-children
#8
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds-Taylor, Stephanie Mitchell, Shari L Barkin
Understanding the contribution of parental feeding practices to childhood obesity among Latino children is a solution-oriented approach that can lead to interventions supporting healthy childhood growth and lowering rates of obesity. The purpose of this study was to confirm the reliability and validity of the Toddler Feeding Questionnaire (TFQ) to measure parental feeding practices among a sample of Spanish-speaking parent-preschool child pairs (n = 529), and to test the hypothesis that parent characteristics of body mass index (BMI), stress, and health literacy are associated with more indulgent and less authoritative feeding practices...
November 3, 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223597/missed-opportunities-for-hpv-immunization-among-young-adult-women
#9
Carlos R Oliveira, Robert M Rock, Eugene D Shapiro, Xiao Xu, Lisbet Lundsberg, Liye B Zhang, Aileen Gariepy, Jessica L Illuzzi, Sangini S Sheth
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of a safe and efficacious vaccine against HPV, uptake of the vaccine in the United States is low. Missed clinical opportunities to recommend and to administer HPV vaccine are considered one of the most important reasons for its low uptake in adolescents, however, little is known about the frequency or characteristics of missed opportunities in the young adult (18-26 years of age) population. OBJECTIVES: To assess both the rates of and the factors associated with missed opportunities for HPV immunization among young adult women who attended an urban obstetrics and gynecology clinic...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223328/shared-decision-making-during-surgical-consultation-for-gallstones-at-a-safety-net-hospital
#10
Krislynn M Mueck, Isabel M Leal, Charlie C Wan, Braden F Goldberg, Tamara E Saunders, Stefanos G Millas, Mike K Liang, Tien C Ko, Lillian S Kao
BACKGROUND: Understanding patient perspectives regarding shared decision-making is crucial to providing informed, patient-centered care. Little is known about perceptions of vulnerable patients regarding shared decision-making during surgical consultation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether a validated tool reflects perceptions of shared decision-making accurately among patients seeking surgical consultation for gallstones at a safety-net hospital. METHODS: A mixed methods study was conducted in a sample of adult patients with gallstones evaluated at a safety-net surgery clinic between May to July 2016...
December 6, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223290/clinical-research-at-territorial-section-meetings-of-the-spanish-academy-of-dermatology-and-venereology-aedv
#11
Á Iglesias-Puzas, A Batalla, Á Flórez
INTRODUCTION: Clinical research is the study of patients with the aim of improving care. Our objectives were to calculate the percentage of presentations at territorial section meetings of the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV) that described clinical research, to assess the level of evidence the research provided, and to analyze change in clinical research volume over time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed supplements of the journal Actas Dermosifiliográficas for 2000 through 2015 that contained abstracts of presentations given at the AEDV section meetings in Galicia; the area comprising Asturias, Cantabria, and Castile-Leon (ACCL); and Andalusia...
December 6, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223137/sysmex-uf-1000i-flow-cytometer-to-screen-urinary-tract-infections-the-uriscam-multicentre-study
#12
O Herráez, M A Asencio, R Carranza, M M Jarabo, M Huertas, O Redondo, A Arias, S Jiménez-Álvarez, S Solís, P Zamarrón, M S Illescas, M A Galán
The new Sysmex UF-1000i analyzer - which incorporates bacteria morphology distinction - allows to automatically screen samples to be cultured at microbiology laboratories. We have evaluated the feasibility and accuracy of Sysmex UF-1000i to screen urine tract infections (UTIs). A total amount of 2,468 urine samples from six Spanish hospitals were analysed. Demographic and clinical data such as age, gender, source and sample type, preserving conditions, cytometer parameters (bacteria, leucocytes, and bacteria morphology) as well as urine culture results (gold standard) were recorded...
December 9, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220768/analysis-of-airborne-olea-pollen-in-cartagena-spain
#13
M D Galera, B Elvira-Rendueles, J M Moreno, L Negral, M C Ruiz-Abellón, A García-Sánchez, S Moreno-Grau
Olive cultivation is of great importance in Southern Europe but olive pollen is the leading cause of allergy in many regions where it is grown. The best preventive measure for allergic patients is to avoid exposure. Thus, aerobiological monitoring networks must supply realistic pollen classes for the different types of allergic pollen. Even though those pollen classes are defined, they do not necessarily fit local data. Altogether, they should use predictive models to assess flowering intensity in advance. In this study, the Olea pollen degree of exposure classes (OPDEC) are defined based on percentiles and a predictive model is suggested for Cartagena, Spain...
December 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220493/serum-uric-acid-laboratory-test-request-patterns-in-primary-care-how-panels-may-contribute-to-overutilization-and-treatment-of-asymptomatic-patients
#14
Maria Salinas, Maite López-Garrigós, Emilio Flores, Carlos Leiva-Salinas
Background: To study the variability in the request of serum uric acid (SUA) in primary care. Method: A cross-sectional study was designed and conducted at a main core laboratory. Spanish laboratories were invited to report their number of serum glucose (SG) and SUA tests requested from primary care during 2014. A survey was sent to every participant in November 2016 regarding the inclusion of SUA in order profiles/panels. The ratio of SUA/SG requests (SUA/SG) was calculated and compared between regions, and laboratories depending on whether SUA was included or not in a health check profile...
December 6, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220067/gene-expression-and-fatigue-in-puerto-rican-men-during-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer-an-exploratory-study
#15
Velda J Gonzalez, Leorey N Saligan, Brooke L Fridley, Humberto Ortiz-Zuazaga, Lauren S Aaronson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the trajectory of fatigue experienced by 26 Puerto Rican (PR) men over the course of External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT) and to assess gene expression changes from baseline to midpoint of EBRT using microarray technology. Design/Research Approach- Prospective exploratory and comparative design study. Setting- RT facility located in San Juan, PR. Sample/Participants-26 PR men with non-metastatic prostate cancer. METHODS: Participants completed 2 paper forms: demographics and the Spanish version of the 13-item FACT-fatigue at baseline, midpoint, and end of EBRT...
December 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219637/first-cases-of-hb-agrinio-described-in-patients-from-the-republic-of-macedonia
#16
Marija Dimishkovska, Maja Kuzmanovska, Svetlana Kocheva, Kata Martinova, Oliver Karanfilski, Zlate Stojanoski, Dijana Plaseska-Karanfilska
Previous molecular analyses of α-thalassemia (α-thal) in the Republic of Macedonia have identified the following genetic defects: -α3.7 (rightward), -(α)20.5 and - -MED I deletions and Hb Icaria [α142, Term→Lys (α2), HBA2: c.427T>A] and polyadenylation signal (polyA) [AATAAA>AATGAA (α2), HBA2: c.*92A>G] point mutations. Here, we report two unrelated patients from the Romani population in the Republic of Macedonia, homozygotes for the α2-globin gene variant Hb Agrinio [α29(B10)Leu→Pro; HBA2: c...
December 8, 2017: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219108/origin-history-and-meanings-of-the-word-transmission
#17
Joaquín Villalba, Fernando A Navarro, Francisco Cortés
The origin of the words transmit and transmission and their derivatives can be traced to the Latin transmittere, in turn formed by prefixing the preposition trans ("across or beyond") to the verb mittere ("to let go or to send"). From the times of Ancient Rome in the 3rd century b.c.e., the Latin word transmissio has been "transmitted" (through Romance languages such as French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese) to all the major languages of culture, English among them. And through English, the international language of biomedical science in the 21st century, the term transmission is increasingly present today in some of the most dynamic disciplines of modern natural science, including genomics, molecular microbiology, hospital epidemiology, molecular genetics, biotechnology, evolutionary biology, and systems biology...
December 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217663/prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-refractory-hypertension
#18
Pedro Armario, David A Calhoun, Anna Oliveras, Pedro Blanch, Ernest Vinyoles, Jose R Banegas, Manuel Gorostidi, Julián Segura, Luis M Ruilope, Tanja Dudenbostel, Alejandro de la Sierra
BACKGROUND: We aimed to estimate the prevalence of refractory hypertension (RfH) and to determine the clinical differences between these patients and resistant hypertensives (RH). Secondly, we assessed the prevalence of white-coat RfH and clinical differences between true- and white-coat RfH patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The present analysis was conducted on the Spanish Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring Registry database containing 70 997 treated hypertensive patients...
December 7, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214569/rare-disease-biospecimens-and-patient-registries-interoperability-for-research-promotion-a-european-example-eurobiobank-and-spainrdr-bioner
#19
Yaffa R Rubinstein, Manuel Posada de la Paz, Marina Mora
Well-annotated and properly preserved specimens are crucial both for diagnostic purposes and for use in basic and pre-clinical research, and are especially important for rare disease (RD) studies. Several consortia have been established in the recent years in order to facilitate research and to maximise access to rare biological samples and data stored in rare disease biobanks and registries, among them the EuroBioBank network and the Spain National Rare Disease Registry (RDR) and Biobank (BioNER).EuroBioBank, established in 2001, was the first network of RD biobanks to operate in Europe as a service distributing human DNA, cells, and tissue to the scientific community conducting research on rare diseases...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214548/first-clinical-symptom-as-a-prognostic-factor-in-systemic-sclerosis-results-of-a-retrospective-nationwide-cohort-study
#20
Manuel Rubio-Rivas, Xavier Corbella, Melany Pestaña-Fernández, Carles Tolosa-Vilella, Alfredo Guillen-Del Castillo, Dolores Colunga-Argüelles, Luis Trapiella-Martínez, Nerea Iniesta-Arandia, María Jesús Castillo-Palma, Luis Sáez-Comet, María Victoria Egurbide-Arberas, Norberto Ortego-Centeno, Mayka Freire, Jose Antonio Vargas-Hitos, Juan José Ríos-Blanco, Jose Antonio Todolí-Parra, Mónica Rodríguez-Carballeira, Adela Marín-Ballvé, Pablo Segovia-Alonso, Xavier Pla-Salas, Ana Belén Madroñero-Vuelta, Manuel Ruiz-Muñoz, Vicent Fonollosa-Pla, Carmen Pilar Simeón-Aznar, E Callejas Moraga, E Calvo, C Carbonell, M J Castillo, A J Chamorro, D Colunga, X Corbella, M V Egurbide, G Espinosa, V Fonollosa, M Freire, F J García Hernández, R González León, A Guillén Del Castillo, N Iniesta, R Lorenzo, A B Madroñero, B Marí, A Marín, N Ortego-Centeno, M Pérez Conesa, M Pestaña, X Pla, J J Ríos Blanco, M Rodríguez Carballeira, M Rubio Rivas, M Ruiz Muñoz, L Sáez Comet, P Segovia, C P Simeón, A Soto, E Tarí, J A Todolí, C Tolosa, L Trapiella, J A Vargas Hitos, G Verdejo
The objective of the study is to determine the importance of the mode of onset as prognostic factor in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Data were collected from the Spanish Scleroderma Registry (RESCLE), a nationwide retrospective multicenter database created in 2006. As first symptom, we included Raynaud's phenomenon (RP), cutaneous sclerosis, arthralgia/arthritis, puffy hands, interstitial lung disease (ILD), pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and digestive hypomotility. A total of 1625 patients were recruited...
December 7, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
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