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Tethering complex

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782498/endoplasmic-reticulum-plasma-membrane-contact-sites-integrate-sterol-and-phospholipid-regulation
#1
Evan Quon, Yves Y Sere, Neha Chauhan, Jesper Johansen, David P Sullivan, Jeremy S Dittman, William J Rice, Robin B Chan, Gilbert di Paolo, Christopher T Beh, Anant K Menon
Tether proteins attach the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to other cellular membranes, thereby creating contact sites that are proposed to form platforms for regulating lipid homeostasis and facilitating non-vesicular lipid exchange. Sterols are synthesized in the ER and transported by non-vesicular mechanisms to the plasma membrane (PM), where they represent almost half of all PM lipids and contribute critically to the barrier function of the PM. To determine whether contact sites are important for both sterol exchange between the ER and PM and intermembrane regulation of lipid metabolism, we generated Δ-super-tether (Δ-s-tether) yeast cells that lack six previously identified tethering proteins (yeast extended synatotagmin [E-Syt], vesicle-associated membrane protein [VAMP]-associated protein [VAP], and TMEM16-anoctamin homologues) as well as the presumptive tether Ice2...
May 21, 2018: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782331/management-challenges-in-an-infant-with-pentalogy-of-cantrell-giant-anterior-encephalocele-and-craniofacial-anomalies-a-case-report
#2
Richard Hubbard, Seth Hayes, Holly Gillis, Spencer Lindsey, Prashant Malhotra, Tariq Wani, Joseph D Tobias, Ralph Beltran
Pentalogy of Cantrell is a rare syndrome consisting of midline abnormalities involving the heart, sternum, abdominal wall, and the anterior and pericardial diaphragm. This combination of defects places patients at particular perioperative risk and requires individualized management during anesthetic care. The following report documents the management of a patient with pentalogy of Cantrell, whose condition was further complicated by severe midline craniofacial abnormalities, including large anterior encephalocele, deficient mandible, tethered tongue, and cleft palate...
May 17, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778605/proteomic-and-biochemical-comparison-of-the-cellular-interaction-partners-of-human-vps33a-and-vps33b
#3
Morag R Hunter, Geoffrey G Hesketh, Tomasz H Benedyk, Anne-Claude Gingras, Stephen C Graham
Multi-subunit tethering complexes control membrane fusion events in eukaryotic cells. CORVET and HOPS are two such complexes, both containing the Sec1/Munc18 protein subunit VPS33A. Metazoans additionally possess VPS33B, which has considerable sequence similarity to VPS33A but does not integrate into CORVET or HOPS complexes and instead stably interacts with VIPAR. It has been recently suggested that VPS33B and VIPAR comprise two subunits of a novel multi-subunit tethering complex (named "CHEVI"), perhaps analogous in configuration to CORVET and HOPS...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774817/bladder-reconstruction-with-bowel-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-ileocystoplasty-with-mitrofanoff-appendicovesicostomy-in-pediatric-patients
#4
Nimrod S Barashi, Maria Veronica Rodriguez, Vignesh T Packiam, Mohan S Gundeti
Neurogenic bladder occur as a consequence of several conditions, most commonly posterior urethral valves syndrome, spina bifida, tethered cord, sacral agenesis, and Arnold-Chiari malformation. It is characterized by diminished bladder capacity and/or reduced compliance, associated with high-pressure voiding that can lead to deterioration of renal function if left untreated. When medical management fails, bladder reconstruction with bowel (aumentation ileocystoplasty) becomes the treatment of choice for these patients...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774653/matrix-glycoprotein-interactions-required-for-budding-of-a-plant-nucleorhabdovirus-and-induction-of-inner-nuclear-membrane-invagination
#5
Kai Sun, Xin Zhou, Wenye Lin, Xueping Zhou, Andrew O Jackson, Zhenghe Li
Nucleorhabdoviruses such as Sonchus yellow net virus (SYNV) replicate in the nuclei and undergo morphogenesis at the inner nuclear membrane (IM) in plant cells. Mature particles are presumed to form by budding of the Matrix (M) protein-nucleocapsid complexes through host IMs to acquire host phospholipids and the surface glycoproteins (G). To address mechanisms underlying nucleorhabdovirus budding, we generated recombinant SYNV G mutants containing a truncated amino-terminal (NT) or carboxyl-terminal (CT) domain...
May 18, 2018: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770987/synthesis-of-azaphosphinines-by-directed-inverse-electron-demand-hetero-diels-alder-reactions-with-na-ocp
#6
Max M Hansmann
Herein, a straightforward synthetic approach towards azaphosphinines is reported. The synthesis of 1,3- and 1,4-aza-λ3-phosphinines as well as 1,2,4-diaza-λ3-phosphinines by inverse electron demand hetero-Diels-Alder reactions of sodium 2-phosphaethynolate [NaOCP] with triazines and tetrazines is studied. In the case of 1,2,4-triazines a hetero-D.A. reaction was developed which relies on a new directing group approach based on the complexation of sodium to form an ionic Do->Na-OCP tether. The first X-ray characterization data for aza-λ3-phosphinines as well as the first phosphinine triflates are presented...
May 17, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768202/sensory-neuropathy-causing-mutations-in-atl3-cause-aberrant-er-membrane-tethering
#7
Michiel Krols, Sammy Detry, Bob Asselbergh, Leonardo Almeida-Souza, Anna Kremer, Saskia Lippens, Riet De Rycke, Vicky De Winter, Franz-Josef Müller, Ingo Kurth, Harvey T McMahon, Savvas N Savvides, Vincent Timmerman, Sophie Janssens
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a complex network of sheets and tubules that is continuously remodeled. The relevance of this membrane dynamics is underscored by the fact that mutations in atlastins (ATLs), the ER fusion proteins in mammals, cause neurodegeneration. How defects in this process disrupt neuronal homeostasis is unclear. Using electron microscopy (EM) volume reconstruction of transfected cells, neurons, and patient fibroblasts, we show that hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy (HSAN)-causing ATL3 mutants promote aberrant ER tethering hallmarked by bundles of laterally attached ER tubules...
May 15, 2018: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767947/application-of-calcium-binding-motif-of-e-cadherin-for-electrochemical-detection-of-pb-ii
#8
Hamid R Lotfi Zadeh Zhad, Rebecca Y Lai
We report, for the first time, the use of a 13-amino-acid peptide sequence derived from the calcium-binding site of E-cadherin in the fabrication of an electrochemical peptide-based (E-PB) Pb(II) sensor. The sensing mechanism is analogous to that of previously developed E-PB sensors. Binding of Pb(II) rigidifies the surface-immobilized and methylene blue (MB)-modified peptide probe, thereby limiting the accessibility of the tethered MB to the electrode surface. This change in probe flexibility results in a reduction in the MB current that is dependent on the target concentration...
May 16, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767852/membrane-tethered-syntaxin-4-locally-abrogates-e-cadherin-function-and-activates-smad-signals-contributing-to-asymmetric-mammary-epithelial-morphogenesis
#9
Yuina Hirose, Kota Shirai, Yohei Hirai
Spatial and temporal epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a critical event for the generation of asymmetric epithelial architectures. We found that only restricted cell populations in the morphogenic mammary epithelia extrude syntaxin-4, a plasmalemmal t-SNARE protein, and that epithelial cell clusters with artificial heterogenic presentation of extracellular syntaxin-4 undergo asymmetric morphogenesis. A previous study revealed that inducible expression of cell surface syntaxin-4 causes EMT-like cell behaviors in the clonal mammary epithelial cells, where laminin-mediated signals were abolished so that cells readily succumb to initiate EMT...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766642/arf1-and-er-mitochondrial-tethering-a-new-trick-for-an-old-dog
#10
Dana A Davis
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-mitochondria tethering by the ERMES complex is critical for numerous mitochondrial functions in fungi. It was recently discovered that the GTPase Arf1, which regulates within Golgi vesicular trafficking also affects ER-mitochondrial tethering potentially through ERMES. In Candida albicans, Arf1 not only functions in vesicular trafficking and affects ERMES but also impacts reactive oxygen species generation, which is a key immune defense molecule.
May 15, 2018: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765000/harnessing-bistability-for-directional-propulsion-of-soft-untethered-robots
#11
Tian Chen, Osama R Bilal, Kristina Shea, Chiara Daraio
In most macroscale robotic systems, propulsion and controls are enabled through a physical tether or complex onboard electronics and batteries. A tether simplifies the design process but limits the range of motion of the robot, while onboard controls and power supplies are heavy and complicate the design process. Here, we present a simple design principle for an untethered, soft swimming robot with preprogrammed, directional propulsion without a battery or onboard electronics. Locomotion is achieved by using actuators that harness the large displacements of bistable elements triggered by surrounding temperature changes...
May 15, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763305/alkynylplatinum-ii-terpyridine-system-coupled-with-rhodamine-derivative-interplay-of-aggregation-deaggregation-and-ring-opening-processes-for-ratiometric-luminescence-sensing
#12
Yukun Cheng, Ling Li, Fangfang Wei, Keith Man-Chung Wong
The synthesis and characterization of a platinum(II) terpyridine system tethered with a latent organic dye of rhodamine derivative as colorimetric and luminescent sensory moiety is reported to show selective Hg2+ ion sensing behavior. The interplay of aggregation/deaggregation behavior of the alkynylplatinum(II) terpyridine complex and the ring-opening process of rhodamine derivative was investigated. The spectral change of aggregation near-infrared emission at 800 nm and rhodamine fluorescence at 585 nm provides a possible ratiometric luminescence measurement...
May 15, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760064/helical-rotation-of-the-diaphanous-related-formin-mdia1-generates-actin-filaments-resistant-to-cofilin
#13
Hiroaki Mizuno, Kotaro Tanaka, Sawako Yamashiro, Akihiro Narita, Naoki Watanabe
The complex interplay between actin regulatory proteins facilitates the formation of diverse cellular actin structures. Formin homology proteins (formins) play an essential role in the formation of actin stress fibers and yeast actin cables, to which the major actin depolymerizing factor cofilin barely associates. In vitro, F-actin decorated with cofilin exhibits a marked increase in the filament twist. On the other hand, a mammalian formin mDia1 rotates along the long-pitch actin helix during processive actin elongation (helical rotation)...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756036/tuning-peptide-self-assembly-by-an-in-tether-chiral-center
#14
Kuan Hu, Yixiang Jiang, Wei Xiong, Hu Li, Pei-Yu Zhang, Feng Yin, Qianling Zhang, Hao Geng, Fan Jiang, Zhou Li, Xinwei Wang, Zigang Li
The self-assembly of peptides into ordered nanostructures is important for understanding both peptide molecular interactions and nanotechnological applications. However, because of the complexity and various self-assembling pathways of peptide molecules, design of self-assembling helical peptides with high controllability and tunability is challenging. We report a new self-assembling mode that uses in-tether chiral center-induced helical peptides as a platform for tunable peptide self-assembly with good controllability...
May 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755139/thermomechanical-properties-and-glass-dynamics-of-polymer-tethered-colloidal-particles-and-films
#15
Yu Cang, Anna N Reuss, Jaejun Lee, Jiajun Yan, Jianan Zhang, Elena Alonso-Redondo, Rebecca Sainidou, Pascal Rembert, Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Michael R Bockstaller, George Fytas
Polymer-tethered colloidal particles (aka "particle brush materials") have attracted interest as a platform for innovative material technologies and as a model system to elucidate glass formation in complex structured media. In this contribution, Brillouin light scattering is used to sequentially evaluate the role of brush architecture on the dynamical properties of brush particles in both the individual and assembled (film) state. In the former state, the analysis reveals that brush-brush interactions as well as global chain relaxation sensitively depend on grafting density; i...
November 14, 2017: Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752111/doxorubicin-dna-adduct-entrenched-and-motif-tethered-artificial-virus-encased-in-ph-responsive-polypeptide-complex-for-targeted-cancer-therapy
#16
K C Ajithkumar, K Pramod
Doxorubicin is a broad spectrum anticancer antibiotic that possesses toxic effects such as cardiomyopathy, that even lead to congestive heart failure. Thus, the development of a new bio-inspired system is required, that retain the advantageous effect of doxorubicin while retarding the side effects. Hence, a system was developed that we describe 'doxorubicin-DNA adduct entrenched artificial virus encased in polypeptide complex'. The drug-DNA adduct (DDA) was prepared by a formaldehyde mediated reaction. A simple chloroform extraction method for the separation of DDA was developed...
August 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737844/reliable-state-identification-and-state-transition-detection-in-fluorescence-intensity-based-single-molecule-fret-data
#17
Mélodie C A S Hadzic, Richard Börner, Sebastian L B König, Danny Kowerko, Roland K O Sigel
Single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer (smFRET) is a powerful technique to probe biomolecular structure and dynamics. A popular implementation of smFRET consists in recording fluorescence intensity time traces of surface-immobilized, chromophore-tagged molecules. This approach generates large and complex datasets, the analysis of which is to date not standardized. Here we address a key challenge in smFRET data analysis: the generation of thermodynamic and kinetic models that describe with statistical rigor the behavior of FRET trajectories recorded from surface-tethered biomolecules in terms of the number of FRET states, the corresponding mean FRET values and the kinetic rates at which they interconvert...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733928/probing-the-potency-of-triazole-tethered-schiff-base-complexes-and-the-effect-of-substituents-on-their-biological-attributes
#18
Ponnukalai Ponya Utthra, Natarajan Raman
Two triazole-derived Schiff base ligands and their eight octahedral metal(II) complexes were designed and synthesized. They were characterized by elemental analysis and various spectroscopic techniques. The compounds were evaluated for their DNA binding tendencies with Calf thymus DNA. The concentration dependent chemical nuclease activity was also explored with supercoiled pBR322 DNA. The in vitro antimicrobial screening was undertaken which showed similar activity to the DNA binding studies. Complex 5 revealed exceptional DNA binding affinity, cleaving propensity and antimicrobial efficacy though all the complexes showed activity...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732115/a-dna-conjugated-small-molecule-catalyst-enzyme-mimic-for-site-selective-ester-hydrolysis
#19
Moira L Flanagan, A Emilia Arguello, Drew E Colman, Jiyeon Kim, Jesse N Krejci, Shimu Liu, Yueyu Yao, Yu Zhang, David J Gorin
The challenge of site-selectivity must be overcome in many chemical research contexts, including selective functionalization in complex natural products and labeling of one biomolecule in a living system. Synthetic catalysts incorporating molecular recognition domains can mimic naturally-occurring enzymes to direct a chemical reaction to a particular instance of a functional group. We propose that DNA-conjugated small molecule catalysts (DCats), prepared by tethering a small molecule catalyst to a DNA aptamer, are a promising class of reagents for site-selective transformations...
February 28, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730270/management-of-iatrogenic-spinal-cerebrospinal-fluid-leaks-a-cohort-of-124-patients
#20
Royce W Woodroffe, Kirill V Nourski, Logan C Helland, Brian Walsh, Jennifer Noeller, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Patrick W Hitchon
OBJECTIVES: Cerebrospinal fluid leaks are a frequent complication of spinal surgery, with reported rates between 2 and 20%. Management is highly variable and dependent on comorbidities, complexity of the index procedure, and surgeons' experience. Treatment options include primary or delayed repair, with or without spinal drainage. Using a retrospective cohort, the authors aim to identify the appropriate management of iatrogenic spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We queried our institutional database for postoperative spinal CSF leaks between 1/1/2007 and 3/14/2017 using Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) and International Classification of Disease (ICD) codes...
April 22, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
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