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Tethering complex

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437167/the-fgvps39-fgvam7-fgsso1-complex-mediates-vesicle-trafficking-and-is-important-for-the-development-and-virulence-of-fusarium-graminearum
#1
Bing Li, Luping Liu, Ying Li, Xin Dong, Haifeng Zhang, Huaigu Chen, Xiaobo Zheng, Zhengguang Zhang
Vesicle trafficking is an important event in eukaryotic organisms. Many proteins and lipids transported between different organelles or compartments are essential for survival. These processes are mediated by soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) proteins, Rab-GTPases, and multisubunit tethering complexes such as class C core vacuole or endosome tethering and homotypic fusion or vacuole protein sorting (HOPS). Our previous study has demonstrated that FgVam7, which encodes a SNARE protein involving in vesicle trafficking, plays crucial roles in growth, asexual or sexual development, deoxynivalenol production, and pathogenicity in Fusarium graminearum...
April 24, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430577/synthetic-lethal-interaction-between-the-tumour-suppressor-stag2-and-its-paralog-stag1
#2
Lorena Benedetti, Matteo Cereda, LeeAnn Monteverde, Nikita Desai, Francesca D Ciccarelli
Cohesin is a multi-protein complex that tethers sister chromatids during mitosis and mediates DNA repair, genome compartmentalisation and regulation of gene expression. Cohesin subunits frequently acquire cancer loss-of-function alterations and act as tumour suppressors in several tumour types. This has led to increased interest in cohesin as potential target in anti-cancer therapy. Here we show that the loss-of-function of STAG2, a core component of cohesin and an emerging tumour suppressor, leads to synthetic dependency of mutated cancer cells on its paralog STAG1...
April 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416769/nuclear-organization-of-nucleotide-excision-repair-is-mediated-by-ring1b-dependent-h2a-ubiquitylation
#3
Shalaka Chitale, Holger Richly
One of the major cellular DNA repair pathways is nucleotide excision repair (NER). It is the primary pathway for repair of various DNA lesions caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light, such as cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) and 6-4 photoproducts. Although lesion-containing DNA associates with the nuclear matrix after UV irradiation it is still not understood how nuclear organization affects NER. Analyzing unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) indicates that NER preferentially occurs in specific nuclear areas, viz the nucleolus...
March 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411649/nanoarmoring-of-enzymes-by-interlocking-in-cellulose-fibers-with-poly-acrylic-acid
#4
Caterina M Riccardi, Rajeswari M Kasi, Challa V Kumar
A simple method for interlocking glucose oxidase (GOx) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) in cellulose fibers using poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) as an armor around the enzyme, without any need for activation of the cellulose support, is reported here. The resulting enzyme paper is an inexpensive, stable, simple, wearable, and washable biosensor. PAA functions as a multifunctional tether to interlock the enzyme molecules around the paper fibers so that the enzymes are protected against thermal/chemical denaturation and not released from the paper when washed with a detergent...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406290/cooperative-catalysis-at-metal-sulfur-bonds
#5
Lukas Omann, C David F Königs, Hendrik F T Klare, Martin Oestreich
Cooperative catalysis has attracted tremendous attention in recent years, emerging as a key strategy for the development of novel atom-economic and environmentally more benign catalytic processes. In particular, Noyori-type complexes with metal-nitrogen bonds have been extensively studied and evolved as privileged catalysts in hydrogenation chemistry. In contrast, catalysts containing metal-sulfur bonds as the reactive site are out of the ordinary, despite their abundance in living systems, where they are assumed to play a key role in biologically relevant processes...
April 13, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403881/glucocorticoid-receptor-represses-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-expression-in-neuron-like-cells
#6
Hui Chen, Marc Lombès, Damien Le Menuet
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is involved in many functions such as neuronal growth, survival, synaptic plasticity and memorization. Altered expression levels are associated with many pathological situations such as depression, epilepsy, Alzheimer's, Huntington's and Parkinson's diseases. Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is also crucial for neuron functions, via binding of glucocorticoid hormones (GCs). GR actions largely overlap those of BDNF. It has been proposed that GR could be a regulator of BDNF expression, however the molecular mechanisms involved have not been clearly defined yet...
April 12, 2017: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403607/copper-catalyzed-dicarbofunctionalization-of-unactivated-olefins-by-tandem-cyclization-cross-coupling
#7
Surendra Thapa, Prakash Basnet, Ramesh Giri
We present a strategy that difunctionalizes unactivated ole-fins in 1,2-positions with two carbon-based entities. This method utilizes alkyl/arylzinc reagents derived from olefin-tethered alkyl/aryl halides that undergo radical cyclization to generate C(sp3)-Cu complexes in situ, which are inter-cepted with aryl and heteroaryl iodides. A variety of (aryl-methyl)carbo- and hetero (N, O)-cycles can be synthesized with this new method.
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397275/the-physcomitrella-patens-exocyst-subunit-exo70-3d-has-distinct-roles-in-growth-and-development-and-is-essential-for-completion-of-the-moss-life-cycle
#8
Anamika Rawat, Lucie Brejšková, Michal Hála, Fatima Cvrčková, Viktor Žárský
The exocyst, an evolutionarily conserved secretory vesicle-tethering complex, spatially controls exocytosis and membrane turnover in fungi, metazoans and plants. The exocyst subunit EXO70 exists in multiple paralogs in land plants, forming three conserved clades with assumed distinct roles. Here we report functional analysis of the first moss exocyst subunit to be studied, Physcomitrella patens PpEXO70.3d (Pp1s97_91V6), from the, as yet, poorly characterized EXO70.3 clade. Following phylogenetic analysis to confirm the presence of three ancestral land plant EXO70 clades outside angiosperms, we prepared and phenotypically characterized loss-of-function Ppexo70...
April 11, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396859/electron-microscopy-structural-insights-into-cpap-oligomeric-behavior-a-plausible-assembly-process-of-a-supramolecular-scaffold-of-the-centrosome
#9
Ana L Alvarez-Cabrera, Sandra Delgado, David Gil-Carton, Gulnahar B Mortuza, Guillermo Montoya, Carlos O S Sorzano, Tang K Tang, Jose M Carazo
Centrosomal P4.1-associated protein (CPAP) is a cell cycle regulated protein fundamental for centrosome assembly and centriole elongation. In humans, the region between residues 897-1338 of CPAP mediates interactions with other proteins and includes a homodimerization domain. CPAP mutations cause primary autosomal recessive microcephaly and Seckel syndrome. Despite of the biological/clinical relevance of CPAP, its mechanistic behavior remains unclear and its C-terminus (the G-box/TCP domain) is the only part whose structure has been solved...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396447/dual-optical-control-and-mechanistic-insights-into-photoswitchable-group-ii-and-iii-metabotropic-glutamate-receptors
#10
Joshua Levitz, Johannes Broichhagen, Philipp Leippe, David Konrad, Dirk Trauner, Ehud Y Isacoff
G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling occurs in complex spatiotemporal patterns that are difficult to probe using standard pharmacological and genetic approaches. A powerful approach for dissecting GPCRs is to use light-controlled pharmacological agents that are tethered covalently and specifically to genetically engineered receptors. However, deficits in our understanding of the mechanism of such photoswitches have limited application of this approach and its extension to other GPCRs. In this study, we have harnessed the power of bioorthogonal tethering to SNAP and CLIP protein tags to create a family of light-gated metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs)...
April 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393521/highly-sensitive-detection-of-bisphenol-a-by-nanoaptamer-assay-with-truncated-aptamer
#11
Eun-Hee Lee, Hyun Jeong Lim, Sang-Don Lee, Ahjeong Son
For the sensitive quantification of bisphenol A (BPA), we have developed NanoAptamer assay, which employs aptamer and complementary signaling DNA, a set of quantum dots (QD), and magnetic beads (MBs). Signaling DNA-QD655 was tethered to MB-QD565 via the aptamer. The affinity of the aptamer to BPA resulted in the release of the signaling DNA-QD655 from the complex and hence the corresponding decrease in the QD655 fluorescence measurement signal. Three new aptamers (23, 58, and 24-mer) were designed via truncation of the reference aptamer (73-mer)...
April 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391695/a-simulation-based-approach-to-determining-electron-transfer-rates-using-square-wave-voltammetry
#12
Philippe Dauphin-Ducharme, Netzahualcoyotl Arroyo-Curras, Martin Kurnik, Gabriel Ortega, Hui Li, Kevin W Plaxco
The efficiency with which square-wave voltammetry (SWV) differentiates faradaic and charging currents renders it a particularly sensitive electroanalytical approach, as evidenced by its ability to measure nanomolar or even picomolar concentrations of electroactive analytes. Due to the relative complexity of the potential sweep it employs, however, the extraction of detailed kinetic and mechanistic information from square-wave data remains challenging. In response we demonstrate here a numerical approach by which square-wave data can be used to accurately determine electron transfer rates...
April 9, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390351/assembled-viral-like-nanoparticles-from-elastic-capsomers-and-polyion
#13
Daniel G Angelescu
Molecular dynamics simulations are carried out on a coarse-grained model to describe the polyion driven co-assembly of elastic capsomers as viral-like aggregates. The kinetics and structural properties of the complexes are examined using cationic capsomers, an anionic polyion, both modelled using beads connected by springs, and counterions neutralizing separately the two charged species. Polyion overcharging the capsid is encapsulated owing to combined effects of the capsomer-capsomer short-range interactions, the polyion ability to follow a Hamiltonian path, and Donnan equilibrium...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389580/mgcracgap-s-sxip-motif-tethers-centralspindlin-to-microtubule-plus-ends
#14
Elaina B Breznau, Megan Murt, T Lynne Blasius, Kristen J Verhey, Ann L Miller
Centralspindlin, a complex of the kinesin-6 MKLP1 and MgcRacGAP, is required for cytokinesis and cell-cell junctions. During anaphase, Centralspindlin accumulates at overlapping central spindle microtubules and directs contractile ring formation by recruiting the GEF Ect2 to the cell equator to activate RhoA. We found that MgcRacGAP localized to plus ends of equatorial astral microtubules during cytokinesis in Xenopus laevis embryos. How MgcRacGAP is stabilized at microtubule plus ends is unknown. We identified an SxIP motif in X...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387514/rhodium-silver-synergistic-catalysis-in-highly-enantioselective-cycloisomerization-cross-coupling-of-keto-vinylidenecyclopropanes-with-terminal-alkynes
#15
Song Yang, Kang-Hua Rui, Xiang-Ying Tang, Qin Xu, Min Shi
A rhodium/silver synergistic catalysis has been established, enabling cycloisomerization/cross coupling of keto-vinylidenecyclopropanes with terminal alkynes toward the regio- and enantioselective formation of diversified tetrahydropyridin-3-ol tethered 1,4-enynes in good yields and high ee values. In this synergistic catalysis, Rh(I) and Ag(I) catalysts selectively activate keto-VDCP substrates and terminal alkynes to generate -allyl Rh(III) complex of oxa-rhodacyclic intermediate and Ag alkynyl intermediate, respectively...
April 7, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372543/giardia-intestinalis-mitosomes-undergo-synchronized-fission-but-not-fusion-and-are-constitutively-associated-with-the-endoplasmic-reticulum
#16
Luboš Voleman, Vladimíra Najdrová, Ásgeir Ástvaldsson, Pavla Tůmová, Elin Einarsson, Zdeněk Švindrych, Guy M Hagen, Jan Tachezy, Staffan G Svärd, Pavel Doležal
BACKGROUND: Mitochondria of opisthokonts undergo permanent fission and fusion throughout the cell cycle. Here, we investigated the dynamics of the mitosomes, the simplest forms of mitochondria, in the anaerobic protist parasite Giardia intestinalis, a member of the Excavata supergroup of eukaryotes. The mitosomes have abandoned typical mitochondrial traits such as the mitochondrial genome and aerobic respiration and their single role known to date is the formation of iron-sulfur clusters...
April 3, 2017: BMC Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371251/surface-engineering-of-spherical-metal-nanoparticles-with-polymers-toward-selective-asymmetric-synthesis-of-nanobowls-and-janus-type-dimers
#17
Ben Liu, Srinivas Thanneeru, Aaron Lopes, Lei Jin, Meghan McCabe, Jie He
New synthetic methods capable of controlling structural and compositional complexities of asymmetric nanoparticles (NPs) are very challenging but highly desired. A simple and general synthetic approach to designing sophisticated asymmetric NPs by anisotropically patterning the surface of isotropic metallic NPs with amphiphilic block copolymers (BCPs) is reported. The selective galvanic replacement and seed-mediated growth of a second metal can be achieved on the exposed surface of metal NPs, resulting in the formation of nanobowls and Janus-type metal-metal dimers, respectively...
April 3, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369545/rad50-atpase-activity-is-regulated-by-dna-ends-and-requires-coordination-of-both-active-sites
#18
Rajashree A Deshpande, Ji-Hoon Lee, Tanya T Paull
The Mre11-Rad50-Nbs1(Xrs2) (MRN/X) complex is critical for the repair and signaling of DNA double strand breaks. The catalytic core of MRN/X comprised of the Mre11 nuclease and Rad50 adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) active sites dimerizes through association between the Rad50 ATPase catalytic domains and undergoes extensive conformational changes upon ATP binding. This ATP-bound 'closed' state promotes binding to DNA, tethering DNA ends and ATM activation, but prevents nucleolytic processing of DNA ends, while ATP hydrolysis is essential for Mre11 endonuclease activity at blocked DNA ends...
March 21, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368616/bifunctional-oxo-tethered-ruthenium-complex-catalyzed-asymmetric-transfer-hydrogenation-of-aryl-n-heteroaryl-ketones
#19
Baigui Wang, Haifeng Zhou, Guoren Lu, Qixing Liu, Xiaolan Jiang
A facile asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ortho-substituted aryl N-heteroaryl ketones and non-ortho-substituted N-oxide of aryl N-heteroaryl ketones using a readily available oxo-tethered ruthenium complex as a catalyst and sodium formate as a hydrogen source in an aqueous solution has been discovered. A variety of chiral aryl N-heteroaryl methanols were obtained with up to 99.9% ee.
April 3, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368057/acceptorless-dehydrogenation-and-dehydrogenative-coupling-of-alcohols-catalysed-by-protic-nhc-ruthenium-complexes
#20
Weihong Chang, Xue Gong, Shuizhong Wang, Ling-Ping Xiao, Guoyong Song
A new family of protic NHC Ru complexes ligated with a phosphine-tethered imidazole moiety were prepared, which can act as excellent catalysts for acceptorless dehydrogenation of secondary alcohols and dehydrogenative coupling of primary and secondary alcohols, thus leading to the formation of a variety of carbonyl compounds with release of H2.
April 18, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
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