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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933716/risks-and-treatment-strategies-for-de-novo-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-from-anti-hbc-positive-donors-in-pediatric-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#1
Chong Dong, Wei Gao, Nan Ma, Chao Sun, Wei-Ping Zheng, Kai Wang, Zhong-Yang Shen
The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence and risk factors of de novo HBV infection in pediatric patients receiving living donor liver transplants (LDLT) from HBcAb-positive donors, and to explore its treatment strategies. The data of 101 pediatric recipients receiving LDLT in Tianjin First Central Hospital between September 2006 and December 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. The HBV markers were regularly tested before and after the surgery, including HBsAb, HBsAg, HBeAg, HBeAb, and HBcAb. The median follow-up period was 25...
December 9, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933566/fracture-incidence-rates-in-norwegian-children-the-troms%C3%A3-study-fit-futures
#2
Tore Christoffersen, Luai A Ahmed, Anne Winther, Ole Andreas Nilsen, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Guri Grimnes, Elaine Dennison, Jacqueline R Center, John A Eisman, Nina Emaus
: This study describes childhood fracture rates in Norway, a country known for high fracture rates in the adult population. Fracture rates correspond with other reports from Scandinavia, although with a slightly higher proportion in girls. Indications of increased vulnerability during stages of puberty require further exploration. INTRODUCTION: Fractures are common injuries during childhood. Incidence rates and patterns vary, but population-based data are scarce...
December 2016: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933487/evaluation-of-standardized-triple-intrathecal-therapy-toxicity-in-oncohematological-pediatric-patients
#3
Raquel Olmos-Jiménez, María Sacramento Díaz-Carrasco, Ana Galera-Miñarro, Juan Francisco Pascual-Gazquez, Alberto Espuny-Miró
Background The administration of triple intrathecal therapy with methotrexate, cytarabine and a corticosteroid for the prophylaxis and treatment of neoplastic cell infiltration in the central nervous system in hematological malignancies is a widespread practice. There is limited information available about its toxicity profile. Several factors related to intrathecal preparation can affect toxicity. Thus, it was decided to standardize intrathecal chemotherapy, trying to obtain the best toxicity profile. Objective To assess the toxicity of a standardized triple intrathecal chemotherapy in oncohematological pediatric patients and to establish risk factors of toxicity...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933399/implementation-of-clinical-decision-support-in-young-children-with-acute-gastroenteritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial-at-the-emergency-department
#4
Dorien Geurts, Evelien de Vos-Kerkhof, Suzanne Polinder, Ewout Steyerberg, Johan van der Lei, Henriëtte Moll, Rianne Oostenbrink
: Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is one of the most frequent reasons for young children to visit emergency departments (EDs). We aimed to evaluate (1) feasibility of a nurse-guided clinical decision support system for rehydration treatment in children with AGE and (2) the impact on diagnostics, treatment, and costs compared with usual care by attending physician. A randomized controlled trial was performed in 222 children, aged 1 month to 5 years at the ED of the Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's hospital in The Netherlands ( 2010-2012)...
December 8, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933188/quality-of-care-in-rural-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-pilot-assessment
#5
Kyle S Stumetz, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Connor Mitrovich, Kathaleen Briggs Early
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) presents a significant health burden for patients and families. The quality of care (QOC) among those living in rural communities is thought to be subpar compared with those in urban communities; however, little data exist to reflect this, especially in pediatric diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate diabetes QOC among families living in rural versus urban areas. 6 QOC markers were used to compare youth with T1DM: appointment adherence, patient-provider communication, diabetes education during clinic visit, congruency with diabetes standards of care, diabetes self-management behaviors, and diabetes-related hospitalizations...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932381/improving-the-efficiency-of-care-for-pediatric-patients-hospitalized-with-asthma
#6
Kathleen W Bartlett, Victoria M Parente, Vanessa Morales, Jillian Hauser, Heather S McLean
BACKGROUND: Asthma exacerbations are a leading cause of hospitalization among children. Despite the existence of national pediatric asthma guidelines, significant variation in care persists. At Duke Children's Hospital, we determined that our average length of stay (ALOS) and cost for pediatric asthma admissions exceeded that of our peers. Our aim was to reduce the ALOS of pediatric patients hospitalized with asthma from 2.9 days to 2.6 days within 12 months by implementing an asthma pathway within our new electronic health record...
December 8, 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932225/hospitalizations-of-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-the-brazilian-unified-health-system-in-the-state-of-minas-gerais
#7
Ana Paula P C Fernandes, Fernanda A Avendanha, Marcos B Viana
OBJECTIVE: To identify and characterize hospital admissions and readmissions in the Brazilian Unified Public Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde [SUS]) in children with sickle-cell disease diagnosed by the Minas Gerais Newborn Screening Program between 1999 and 2012. METHODS: Hospital Admission Authorizations with the D57 (ICD-10) code in the fields of primary or secondary diagnosis were retrieved from the SUS Databank (1999-2012). There were 2991 hospitalizations for 969 children...
December 5, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931435/policy-on-hospitalization-and-operating-room-access-for-oral-care-of-infants-children-adolescents-and-persons-with-special-health-care-needs
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931303/a-comparison-of-seasonal-trends-in-asthma-exacerbations-among-children-from-geographic-regions-with-different-climates
#9
Julia A Wisniewski, Anne P McLaughlin, Philip J Stenger, James Patrie, Mark A Brown, Jane M El-Dahr, Thomas A E Platts-Mills, Nora J Byrd, Peter W Heymann
BACKGROUND: The fall peak in childhood asthma exacerbations is thought to be related to an increase in viral infections and allergen exposure when children return to school. Whether the seasonality of asthma attacks among children from different geographic regions follows similar trends is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare seasonal trends in asthma exacerbations among school-age children who lived in different geographic locations, with different climates, within the United States...
November 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931294/long-term-outcome-after-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-asthma-admissions
#10
Ibrahim Abu-Kishk, Sharon Polakow-Farkash, Arnon Elizur
BACKGROUND: Patients with asthma admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) are often found to have had previous severe asthma exacerbations. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate the outcome of children after PICU admission. METHODS: Patients, ages 218 years, admitted to the PICU at Assaf Harofeh Medical Center over a 10-year period were assessed at a mean of 10 years after their admission and compared with matched patients admitted to the pediatric ward...
November 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931229/a-national-health-facility-survey-of-malaria-infection-among-febrile-patients-in-kenya-2014
#11
Sophie Githinji, Abdisalan M Noor, Josephine Malinga, Peter M Macharia, Rebecca Kiptui, Ahmeddin Omar, Kiambo Njagi, Ejersa Waqo, Robert W Snow
BACKGROUND: The use of malaria infection prevalence among febrile patients at clinics has a potential to be a valuable epidemiological surveillance tool. However, routine data are incomplete and not all fevers are tested. This study was designed to screen all fevers for malaria infection in Kenya to explore the epidemiology of fever test positivity rates. METHODS: Random sampling was used within five malaria epidemiological zones of Kenya (i.e., high lake endemic, moderate coast endemic, highland epidemic, seasonal low transmission and low risk zones)...
December 8, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931048/neurodevelopment-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-infants-born-with-gastroschisis-a-6-year-retrospective-french-study
#12
Barthelemy Tosello, Meriem Zahed, Floriane Guimond, Karine Baumstarck, Alice Faure, Fabrice Michel, Olivier Claris, Jerome Massardier, Catherine Gire, Thierry Merrot
Introduction Quantify quality of life (QoL) outcomes in gastroschisis children is little assessed. The primary objective was to describe the long-term outcome of newborns with gastroschisis treated in three tertiary care hospitals of France in terms of neurodevelopment and QoL. Materials and Methods The study reported was a cross-sectional, descriptive multicentric retrospective study assessing the outcome of newborns with gastroschisis, born between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2014, treated at two large and French level III neonatal intensive care units...
December 8, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930928/human-enterovirus-d68-in-clinical-and-sewage-samples-in-israel
#13
Merav Weil, Michal Mandelboim, Ella Mendelson, Yossi Manor, Lester Shulman, Daniela Ram, Galia Barkai, Yonat Shemer, Dana Wolf, Zipi Kra-Oz, Leah Weiss, Rakefet Pando, Musa Hindiyeh, Danit Sofer
BACKGROUND: Since mid-August 2014, North America experienced a wide outbreak of Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) associated with severe respiratory illness in children. Several other countries also reported cases of EV-D68 in 2014. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether EV-D68 circulated in Israel in 2014, caused severe respiratory illness in children and was the causative agent of Acute Flaccid Paralysis. STUDY DESIGN: Archived clinical respiratory samples from a cohort of 710 hospitalized pediatric patient's (<10years old) with respiratory illness were screened for clade B specific EV-D68 by real-time PCR...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930588/three-cases-of-mumps-virus-and-enterovirus-coinfection-in-children-with-enteroviral-meningitis
#14
Mojtaba Rasti, Manoochehr Makvandi, Niloofar Neisi, Azarakhsh Azaran, Nasrin Rastegarvand, Davod Khalafkhany, Emad Jahangirnezhad, Ali Teimoori, Maryam Hadian, Abdolnabi Shabani, Ahmad Shamsizadeh, Roya Nikfar, Mehran Varnaseri
Several viruses are responsible for aseptic meningitis; however, in the region of Southwest Iran, the role played by each virus is still not very well known. The aim of this study is to determine the relative frequencies of mumps virus, herpes viruses, and enteroviruses, as well as coinfections among them, in patients with aseptic meningitis.In this cross-sectional study, samples of cerebrospinal fluid were collected between December 2012 and December 2013 from patients under 14 years, who were hospitalized in Abuzar Children's Hospital in Ahvaz, Southwest Iran (the only children's hospital in Khuzestan province and Southwest Iran)...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929727/television-video-games-in-the-treatment-of-amblyopia-in-children-aged-4-7-years
#15
Subhash Dadeya, Sonal Dangda
AIM: To investigate the role of television video games in childhood amblyopia treatment. METHOD: This prospective, randomized, interventional study included 40 patients between 4-7 years of age, with unilateral amblyopia (visual acuity in amblyopic eye between 1-0.6 LogMAR equivalents) attending the squint clinic at a tertiary eye hospital. All patients were prescribed optimal spectacle correction and occlusion therapy, i.e. full time patching according to patient's age, was initiated after six weeks...
December 2016: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929695/secondhand-smoke-exposure-illness-severity-and-resource-utilization-in-pediatric-emergency-department-patients-with-respiratory-illnesses
#16
Ashley L Merianos, Cinnamon A Dixon, E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens
OBJECTIVE: Hospital-based data reveal that children who have secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) experience severe respiratory illnesses and greater resource utilization. Our objective was to assess the relationship between SHSe and illness severity/resource utilization among children presenting to the pediatric emergency department (PED) with three common respiratory conditions - asthma, bronchiolitis, and pneumonia. METHODS: A retrospective review of a yearlong consecutive sample of PED patients with SHSe status documentation and asthma, bronchiolitis, or pneumonia diagnoses was performed...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929691/association-between-pediatric-home-management-plan-of-care-compliance-and-asthma-readmission
#17
Ronen Zipkin, Sheree M Schrager, Eugene Nguyen, Mary Rose Mamey, Ingrid Banuelos, Susan Wu
OBJECTIVES: In 2007, The Joint Commission implemented three children's asthma care (CAC) measures to help improve the quality of care for patients admitted with asthma. Due to lack of consistent evidence showing a relationship between home management plan of care (HMPC) compliance and readmission rates, CAC-3 was retired in 2016. We aimed to understand the relationship between HMPC compliance and revisits to the hospital, and investigate which components of the HMPC, if any, were driving the effect...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928530/prevalence-of-thalassemia-trait-iron-deficiency-anemia-during-infancy-in-2011-2013-in-a-thalassemia-prevalent-region-north-cyprus
#18
Burçin Şanlidağ, Buse Çağin, Övgü Özenli, Özlem Şahaloğlu, Ceyhun Dalkan, Nilüfer Galip, Arzu Babayiğit Hocaoğlu, Nerin Bahçeciler
BACKGROUND: Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) is an important health problem all around the world especially in developing countries. In the Mediterranean countries another prevelant reason of anemia is Thalassemia. Certain strategies had been established as a government policy to reduce prevalence in North Cyprus, such as pre-marital screening of Thalassemia. The prevalence of thalassemia trait has not been evaluated since then. The aim of this study was to detect the prevalence of IDA, thalassemia trait in infants under regular follow-up and to evaluate the compliance to prophylactic iron supplementation (PIS) and its effect on IDA...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928522/breastfeeding-education-where-are-we-going-a-systematic-review-article
#19
REVIEW
Maria Adriana Burgio, Antonio Simone Laganà, Angela Sicilia, Romana Prosperi Porta, Maria Grazia Porpora, Helena Ban Frangež, Giovanni DI Venti, Onofrio Triolo
BACKGROUND: UNICEF (United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund) and WHO estimate that if all babies were breastfed for at least the first six months of their lives, the rate of morbidity and malnutrition would significantly decrease all over the world. In this view, these two organizations promoted a worldwide campaign for breastfeeding, creating the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) that encourages good practices for the promotion of breastfeeding in hospitals. The aim of our study was to review the available evidence regarding the positive effects of breastfeeding, in order to suggest to most appropriate strategy to support it...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928452/evaluation-of-the-unit-rod-surgical-instrumentation-in-duchenne-scoliosis-a-retrospective-study
#20
Nedelcu T, Georgescu I
The article represents a retrospective clinical and radiological study. Objectives. Evaluating the safety and efficiency of the surgical treatment by using the Unit Rod for scoliosis in adolescents and children presenting Duchenne's muscular dystrophy. Summary. Surgical management of myopathic scoliosis still causes controversies regarding the timing of surgery (patient's age), the pelvic inclusion in the arthrodesis or the advantages of surgery over the conservatory treatment. The patients are very fragile and a long surgery with massive blood loss could lead to serious complications...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
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